You are on page 1of 28

OPITO APPROVED STANDARD Offshore Oil & Gas Industry Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard

OPITO Standard Code: 5301

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

The content of this document was developed by an industry work group co-ordinated by OPITO. Members of the work group included: Major offshore oil & gas employers Step Change in Safety Task Group Guidance and advice on this training standard is available by contacting: OPITO Minerva House Bruntland Road Portlethen Aberdeen AB12 4QL Tel: 01224 787800 OPITO All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced; stored in a retrieval or information storage system or transmitted, in any form or by any means (mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise), without prior permission in writing from the publishers.
AMENDMENTS AMENDMENT & DATE
1 Provided details of two delivery options in Section A.6 27-10-08 Added information on Step Change in Safety/HSE PTW guidance HSG 250 15-Dec 2008 Changed footer to reflect amendment numbering scheme 15-Dec 2008 Removed Training Outcome 1.1 and Element 1.1 Offshore Operations 11-Dec 2009 Changed course duration to 13.5 hours and the delivery time for Module 1 to 30 mins to reflect the removal of Element 1.1 22-Dec 2009 Changed Delivery Through CBT timing to 9.5 hours to reflect the removal of Element 1.1 22-Dec 2009 Removed SCBA from Glossary as not used in text 09-Feb 2010 Added Give an overview of: to Module 2, Element 2.4 and corrected numbering 09-Feb 2010 PAGES 22 & 23 CHANGES MADE BY T. Wilson CHECKED BY J. Cameron APPROVED BY J. Cameron

14

T. Wilson

P. Crowther

M. Duncan

All except title page 6, 8

T. Wilson

J. Cameron

M. Duncan

T. Wilson

C. Williams

J. Cameron

21, 22

T. Wilson

J. Cameron

J. Cameron

22

T. Wilson

J. Cameron

J. Cameron

T. Wilson

I. Emslie

J. Cameron

11

T. Wilson

P. Lammiman

J. Cameron

Continued

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 2 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

AMENDMENTS AMENDMENT & DATE


9 Modified references to breathing apparatus to reflect that they are collectively called RPE (respiratory protective equipment) 09-Feb 2010 Corrected numbering of Element 8.1 09-Feb 2010 Replaced the registered term Scafftag with scaffold tagging system 09-Feb 2010 Added expiry date to certificate list. 12/9/2011 Replaced Course Code with Standard Code in Title Page and amended wording under section C.1 Certification, inserted Appendix 1 - to align with other OPITO standards Revision 0 Amendment 13 10-January 2013 PAGES 18, 26 CHANGES MADE BY T. Wilson CHECKED BY I. Emslie APPROVED BY J. Cameron

10 11

19 19

T. Wilson T. Wilson

P. Lammiman C. Williams

J. Cameron J. Cameron

12 13

27 Title page, 27

M. Carr M.Foo

M. Foo M. Carr

P. Lammiman P. Lammiman

Any amendments made to this standard by OPITO will be recorded above. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION GLOSSARY SECTION A TRAINING PROGRAMME A.1 A.2 A.3 A.4 A.5 A.6 A.7 A.8 A.9 SECTION B Target Group Delegate Prior Achievement Medical & Health Requirements Learning Outcomes Training Programme Duration of Training and Delivery Options Delivery through CBT Assessment Further Training & Periodicity 5 5 5 6-7 8-20 21-22 22 23 23 4 4

RESOURCES B.1 B.2 B.3 B.4 Staff Trainer/Delegate Ratio Facilities & Location of Training Equipment 24 24 25 26

SECTION C

OUTCOME C.1 Certification & Recording 27 28


Page 3 of 28

APPENDIX 1 OPITO INFORMATION


Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

INTRODUCTION

The offshore oil & gas industry operates in some of the most dangerous environments in the world. Hazards are expected in this setting and must be controlled. Improvements in technology, workforce involvement, infrastructure care and rig operations have led to recent reductions in injuries and incidents but, it is recognised, more still needs to be done. It is believed that improved base line safety training is likely to improve the situation by ensuring that all personnel have the necessary safety awareness and basic skills training to recognise and avoid risk. To address this need, companies in the UK North Sea, along with Step Change in Safety, agreed to develop an introductory training programme that would introduce the key safety elements required by all employees offshore. The course can be offered at an OPITO approved training establishment or be employer led (OPITO approval required). The OPITO Offshore Oil & Gas Industry Minimum Industry Safety Training (MIST) is highly recommended for all inexperienced employees.

GLOSSARY
ACOP ALARP BOSIET/FOET FPSO H2S HASAWA HAVS LOLER MEWP MSDS NORM PRfS PTW PUWER SSOW WAH Approved Code of Practice As low as reasonably practicable Basic Offshore Safety Induction & Emergency Training/Further Offshore Emergency Training Floating Production & Storage Vessel Hydrogen Sulphide Health & Safety at Work Etc. Act Hand & Arm Vibration Syndrome Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations Mobile Elevated Work Platform Material Safety Data Sheets Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material Personal Responsibility for Safety Permit to Work Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations Safe Systems of Work Working at Height

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 4 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

SECTION A TRAINING PROGRAMME


A.1 Target Group This introductory safety training programme is designed to introduce the fundamental safety elements of the offshore oil & gas industry to new starts, giving an appreciation of the potential hazards and controls that might be encountered by personnel offshore. Each unit has been designed to focus the delegates attention on their personal responsibility for safety thus influencing their behaviour and attitude towards their co-workers, the installation and the environment. The following modules are included: Module 1 Module 2 Module 3 Module 4 Module 5 Module 6 Module 7 Module 8 Module 9 Introduction to the Hazardous Offshore Environment Working Safely including Safety Observations Systems Understanding the Risk Assessment Process Tasks that Require Permit to Work Personal Responsibility in Maintaining Asset Integrity Using Manual Handling Techniques Every Day Controlling the Use of Hazardous Substances Offshore Knowledge and Practices of Working at Height Being Aware of Mechanical Lifting Activities

The responsibility for delivering and assessing this programme rests with OPITO approved training providers and employers.

A.2

Delegate Prior Achievement There are no prior achievements required. It is expected that this programme will be taken after the OPITO approved BOSIET course so training providers can build on the material gained previously. However, if this is not the case then the BOSIET course will be required prior to travelling offshore and the delegate should expect a small proportion of repeat information.

A.3

Medical and Health Requirements There are no specific medical requirements, although personnel must have a current offshore medical certificate before being allowed to work offshore.

A.4

Learning Outcomes

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 5 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

During the introductory safety training programme candidates will gain an awareness of the variety of tasks and the safety risks to be found on offshore installations. They will be required to demonstrate a sufficient level of knowledge and understanding of the following key areas: At the end of each module the delegate must be able to explain: MODULE 1 1.1 1.2 INTRODUCTION TO THE HAZARDOUS OFFSHORE ENVIRONMENT

Major hazards that could occur in the offshore environment Daily hazards associated with living and working offshore

MODULE 2 WORKING SAFELY INCLUDING SAFETY OBSERVATION SYSTEMS 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 The legislative framework surrounding the offshore environment Significant safety practices that have arisen with common regulations The significance of an installations Safety Case and personal access to the document The role of safety committees, safety meetings and safety representatives offshore Toolbox Talks what they include and where and when they should be held The function of a Safety Observation System and how to carry out an intervention Understanding how personal actions might influence safety UNDERSTANDING THE RISK ASSESSMENT PROCESS

MODULE 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4

The difference between hazard, risk and controls The steps of a risk assessment and the use of a risk matrix Applying controls to bring the risk down to ALARP The need for continuous risk assessment TASKS THAT REQUIRE PERMIT TO WORK

MODULE 4 4.1 4.2 4.3

Objectives of a PTW system and how permits are generated Using a PTW and how to re-instate the permits after breaks Personal responsibility in the PTW system PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY IN MAINTAINING ASSET INTEGRITY

MODULE 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4

The concept of asset integrity Why some items and systems are safety critical Employer responsibility for asset integrity Personal responsibilities for asset integrity
Continued

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 6 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

A.4

Learning Outcomes continued USING MANUAL HANDLING TECHNIQUES EVERY DAY

MODULE 6 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5

The source of MH hazards offshore and the types of injuries that might be sustained Factors contributing to manual handling incidents The importance of ergonomic design and the best methods for manually lifting objects Team operations and communication methods How mechanical aids reduce MH incidents CONTROLLING THE USE OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES OFFSHORE

MODULE 7 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 7.10

Regulations and guidelines dealing with chemical hazards offshore The sources of offshore chemical hazards How personnel come into contact with hazardous substances Sensitisation and the difficulties of monitoring its effect Hazard symbols and common offshore examples Employers duties under COSHH Employees duties with COSHH Reading labels on chemicals and using MSDS Monitoring workers exposure PPE specific to chemical applications KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES OF WORKING AT HEIGHT

MODULE 8 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4

What is meant by working at height and factors to consider before commencing work WAH hazards and how they can be controlled Basic use of ladders, scaffolding and MEWPS Signing for and being responsible for tools aloft BEING AWARE OF MECHANICAL LIFTING ACTIVITIES

MODULE 9 9.1 9.2 9.3

The magnitude of objects to be lifted offshore and why lifting hazards need to be controlled Roles of the LOLER focal point, the banksman, slinger and rigger Personal responsibility such as obeying area restrictions and keeping clear of lifting operations

At the end of the following modules the delegate should be able to demonstrate: MODULE 2 WORKING SAFELY INCLUDING SAFETY OBSERVATION SYSTEMS A. How to complete a Safety Observation Card in an appropriate style MODULE 3 UNDERSTANDING THE RISK ASSESSMENT PROCESS B. How to prepare a risk assessment using a risk matrix MODULE 4 TASKS THAT REQUIRE PERMIT TO WORK C. Completion of the key elements of PTW documentation MODULE 6 USING MANUAL HANDLING TECHNIQUES EVERY DAY D. The elements of a good individual lift, a team lift with appropriate communications and correct loading/unloading methods for using a trolley

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 7 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

A.5

Training Programme The training programme outlined below will assist delegates to meet the stated learning outcomes. In order to make efficient use of time and ensure effective learning, the three phases of instruction, demonstration and practice should be integrated wherever practical. Full use should also be made of visual/audio-visual aids, computer based training, case studies, videos and course hand-out materials. Contents in Appendix 1 must be covered prior to course commencement.

MODULE 1 INTRODUCTION TO THE HAZARDOUS OFFSHORE ENVIRONMENT

Element 1.1 Give an overview of:

Hazard Awareness

a) Possible major hazards while working in the hostile offshore environment including: Fire Explosion High pressure release of gas H2S creation Structural failure Adverse weather damage

b) Possible hazards associated with living and working offshore such as: Suspended loads on cranes including man-riding The use of helicopters and supply vessels for transportation Working on high pressure systems Handling heavy equipment Working with chemicals & other hazardous substances Working at height activities Slips, trips & falls requirements to maintain good housekeeping Noise Vibration hazards (HAVS & exposure limits)

Training providers: Reinforce the idea that the hazard list is not comprehensive and other potential hazards will be discussed during the course and, indeed, when they go offshore. Module 1 Test: Five minute module test with five questions based on the learning outcomes. Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes).

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 8 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

MODULE 2 Element 2.1

WORKING SAFELY INCLUDING SAFETY OBSERVATIONS SYSTEMS The Offshore Safety Structure

Give an overview of: The Legislative Framework a) Complying with regulations, acts, legislation, industry guidance and ACOPs and the significant outcome of each, including: The Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1999 (Suitable and sufficient assessment of risk) The Health & Safety at Work Etc. Act 1974 (ALARP concept) Provision & Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER) (Equipment fit for purpose, safe for use, maintained in safe condition and used by properly trained workers) Safety Case Regulations 2005 (identifies the threats to an installation and its personnel)

b) The fact that it is a criminal offence not to comply with acts of parliament and regulations The Safety Case of an Installation c) The Safety Case being the overarching safety document for an installation d) A history of the document including links to the Piper Alpha disaster (excerpts from two DVDs could be used The Lessons of Piper Alpha (Oil & Gas UK) or Spiral to Disaster (BBC)) e) Why a Safety Case is submitted for each field from early development through to decommissioning f) How the Safety Case allows an installation to run by proving that a company recognises any hazards, has done suitable risk assessments and looked at controls g) The availability of the Safety Case to all employees h) The recent use of summary documents to increase general understanding and awareness The Safety Management System i) The Safety Management System for the effective and proactive management of safety j) The required comprehensive health and safety policies which show control, cooperation, communication and competence k) The fact that the Safety Management System is not inert i.e. when a problem is identified the system should be capable of responding l) The role of safety committees and safety meetings in the Safety Management System m) The role of the safety representative why he/she has functions and powers, but not duties n) Contacting the safety representative to make representation to an area supervisor, OIM or HSE o) An individuals responsibility to follow company procedures for the collective learning experience
Continued Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013) Page 9 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

MODULE 2 Element 2.2

Working Safely including Safety Observation Systems continued Safe Systems of Work (SSOW)

Give an overview of: a) How work is planned safely across an installation by considering: Risk assessments (see Module 3) Permit to Work (see Module 4) Task clarification Equipment requirements Work schedules & rest periods Safety alerts Level of supervision

b) Toolbox Talks in which the task-based risk assessments are discussed when and how they should be held c) Safety activities and documentation such as drills & exercises, work instructions and installation incident records d) Shift handover procedures Element 2.3 Safety Observation Systems

Give an explanation of: a) Company specific Safety Observation Systems b) The employees right & duty to intervene (calling time out to address a safety concern there and then) c) Designed to change attitudes and behaviours; not another form of supervision or to punish workers d) Controls in place so personnel work that way all the time not just under direct supervision e) How to carry out an intervention: f) Ensure the person (or team) is in a safe position Keep the conversation positive Find out why they are not working safely Discuss what could go wrong Get agreement to change behaviour Record the observations with a No name, no blame approach

Reporting the incident to appropriate personnel

Module 2 Demonstration: Illustrate key elements of a Safety Observation System with the trainers role playing successful and unsuccessful encounters with personnel. The delegates should discuss the differences and agree with the best approach to deliver unsolicited safety guidance. Module 2 Practical Exercise: The delegates should complete a Safety Observation Card in the No name, no blame style for one of the role play situations performed above. A sample of the completed Safety Observation Cards should be discussed with the class.

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 10 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

MODULE 2

Working safely including Safety Observation Systems continued

Element 2.4 Give an overview of:

Personal Contributions and Responsibility for Safety

a) Selecting the appropriate personal protection clothing and equipment (PPE) suitable for the type of work being undertaken b) The importance of taking a break shortly after starting the task to evaluate and discuss any changes in the conditions c) Understanding that personal actions might degrade the safety in an area d) Knowing that subsequent incidents wont be the same e) Realising that mitigating risk may also create new risks f) Spatial awareness; being conscious of the immediate environment (especially working in tight spaces) so that hazards are not inadvertently caused

Module 2 Test: Ten minute module test with ten questions based on the learning outcomes. Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes).

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 11 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

MODULE 3

UNDERSTANDING THE RISK ASSESSMENT PROCESS

Element 3.1

Risk Assessment

Give an explanation of: a) The difference between hazards, risks and controls b) Voluntary risks (smoking or driving a car) and involuntary risks (acts of nature) c) How involuntary risks can be: Task related Inherent Process related

d) The steps of risk assessment outlined by different organisations such as the UKCS Step Change in Safety: Identify if there are procedures and previous risk assessments obtain copies and review them Ask how people could get hurt? Could we cause damage to equipment or the environment? (*see e) below) Decide on precautions and controls (*see e) below) Communicate the findings with the appropriate person(s) Implement the controls BEFORE starting the job

e) *The use of a risk matrix f) Risk equals probability multiplied by consequences (which could include people, infrastructure, environment & reputation) Look at risk with no controls Add controls to make the risk as low as reasonably practicable (ALARP)

The need for continuous risk assessment to identify hazards as they evolve

Module 3 Demonstration: Illustrate the key elements of preparing a risk assessment using a practical exercise, if possible, from the offshore oil and gas industry. Module 3 Practical Exercise: The delegates in small groups (2-3) should discuss the hazards without controls, prepare a risk assessment, and then decide on controls that can be added to lower the risk from medium/high to ALARP. A sample of the group risk assessments should be discussed with the class. Module 3 Test: Five minute module test with five questions based on the learning outcomes. Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes).

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 12 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

MODULE 4

TASKS THAT REQUIRE PERMIT TO WORK

Element 4.1

Permit to Work (PTW)

Give an explanation of: a) Principles & objectives of the Permit to Work system for controlled work or special work activities to ensure: Proper planning and consideration is given to the risks of a particular job The proper authority has generated the permit The right precautions have been taken The person in charge is aware of the activity(ies)

b) Step Change in Safety guidance on the essential rules of PTW including HSG 250 c) Using colour codes for identifying the type of work d) The fact that the permit is a legal document e) How the control of risks is an integral part of the Permit to Work process f) Processes in place (electronic or paper) to create, organise and archive permits g) Who is involved in PTW generation such as: Site controller or OIM Department head Affected Area Authority Work crew Control Room Operator

h) Signing the PTW declaration i) Handing the permit to the permit office or CRO to stop work and re-sign to reinstate work j) Personal responsibility to adhere to the strictures of the PTW system

Module 4 Demonstration: Illustrate the key elements of a PTW system, i.e. following a permit through from start to finish, using examples of relevant permits showing the hazard, risk, cross-referencing and authorisation sections that the delegates should complete. Module 4 Practical Exercise: From an example Permit to Work, each delegate will highlight the controls they would need to adhere to if they were part of the work crew. A sample of the highlighted PTWs should be discussed with the class. Module 4 Test: Five minute module test with five questions based on the learning outcomes. Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes).

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 13 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

MODULE 5

PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY IN MAINTAINING ASSET INTEGRITY

Element 5.1

Asset Integrity

Give an explanation of: a) The meaning of asset integrity and a description of its other names (e.g. platform integrity) b) Divisions of asset integrity offshore: Structural integrity (North Sea gets 100 foot waves; other areas of the world experience hurricanes, icebergs etc.) Well integrity including well construction, well equipment and reservoir conditions Fire and explosion prevention Refuge and evacuation including muster control, temporary refuge and evacuation escape

c) Safety critical elements understanding why some items and systems are critical to safety d) Company specific models (e.g. Barrier Model) for demonstrating weaknesses in the system e) Escalation scenarios - realising that a series of minor risks might combine to create a major hazard or that a major hazard may result from a minor problem that was ignored f) Employer responsibilities for asset integrity such as: Using performance standards & manufacturers notes to determine how an item should work Ensuring that safety critical items are in a condition to keep employees safe Ensuring that equipment on the platform is capable of doing the job it was intended to do The need for third party verification

g) Personal responsibility for asset integrity such as: Reporting unsafe conditions to appropriate personnel Following instructions Not taking shortcuts Intervening when procedures are not being followed by others

Module 5 Demonstration: Illustrate the concept of safety critical items by using a common offshore example or by defining the parts of a vehicle. Module 5 Test: Five minute module test with five questions based on the learning outcomes. Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes).

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 14 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

MODULE 6 Element 6.1

USING MANUAL HANDLING TECHNIQUES EVERYDAY Manual Handling Hazards

Give an overview of: a) Regulations and company procedures with respect to manual handling b) Manual handling hazards including: Rig floor operations Access & egress to work areas Working in confined or limited spaces Using power tools Moving chemicals Moving equipment from the rigging loft

c) Statistics of manual handling incidents d) The function of the human spine and types of injury (acute and chronic) such as: Slipped disc Hernia Fractures Sciatica

e) Factors contributing to manual handling incidents: Poor ergonomic design Repetition Twisting and bending Not following the risk assessment Lack of training Lack of planning Poor handling of heavy power tools

Continued

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 15 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

Module 6 Using Manual Handling Techniques Everyday continued

Element 6.2

Manual Handling Controls and Mechanical Devices

Give an explanation of: a) The MH hierarchy to assess manual handling operations for the possibility of risk b) Understanding that any changes to a normal lift limits the weight that can be lifted by various proportions c) Ergonomics and the importance of maintaining correct body posture d) Methods to control the risk such as: Warming-up muscles before lifting Safer lifting techniques & team handling Communication with team members during lifting or moving processes Designating a leader for team operations Establishing safe routes for transferring goods Storage for ease of movement i.e. on low shelves or at the front of cupboards Making turns with your feet

e) Using mechanical aids including forklifts and trolleys etc.

Module 6 Demonstration: Illustrate the key principles of manual handling by demonstrating a poor lift and asking delegates to discuss the mistakes and how the lift could be improved. In addition, a) provide a demonstration of a team lift with a leader selected and appropriate communications methods used and b) provide a large bulky package that requires the use of a trolley. Module 6 Practical Exercise: Delegates should practise and then demonstrate the techniques either singly or in teams. Module 6 Test: Five minute module test with five questions based on the learning outcomes. Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes).

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 16 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

MODULE 7 Element 7.1

CONTROLLING THE USE OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES OFFSHORE Sources of Chemical Hazards

Give an overview of: a) Regulations and guidelines dealing with chemical hazards such as COSHH and the EH40/2005 Workplace Exposure Limits HSE Document b) The sources of chemical hazards offshore and whether they are covered under COSHH such as: painting, cleaning/domestic activities drilling operations, chemical based mud and other drilling fluids well completion; maintenance (lubes, oils) water, gas, carbon dioxide & acid washes for enhanced recovery Asbestos NORM (Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material)

c) How personnel might come into contact with hazardous substances by: Inhalation (very fast smoking) Ingestion (dont wash hands after use) Absorption (engine oil is a known carcinogen) Injection (needle injury, cut from contaminated surfaces)

d) Sensitisation (even a small quantity on first usage can cause problems or manifest itself 20 years later) e) Government regulations pertaining to product labelling f) Hazard symbols showing the common dangers offshore e.g. highly flammable; toxic; irritant, corrosive etc. g) The applicability of COSHH to unknown fumes or gases in the area (e.g. H2S) h) Employers duties under COSHH i) Prevent exposure of personnel to hazardous substances wherever possible Provide suitable and sufficient COSHH assessments Provide control measures Monitor the level of exposure Ensure correct storage

Employees duties under COSHH To use the control measures provided To read all documentation Participate in any health surveillance Report defects in equipment

Continued

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 17 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

Module 7 Controlling the Use of Hazardous Substances Offshore continued

Element 7.2 Give an overview of:

Practical Controls for Chemical Hazards

a) Reading labels on the chemicals b) Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) which must accompany every chemical showing Safety and Risk Phrases c) Hierarchy of control including: Changing the process or activity to eliminate the hazardous substance Replacing the hazardous substance with a safer alternative Controlling exposure at source e.g. local exhaust ventilation Choosing and wearing task specific PPE such as rubber gloves, rubber aprons and vapour masks Choosing and wearing respiratory protective equipment such as filtering devices (see d below)

d) Filters have numbering like FFP1, 2 or 3 or have different colours depending on the substances to be filtered e) Using barrier cream on skin f) Access to COSHH lockers - the storage of chemicals to prevent fire, explosion, chemical burns and environmental damage g) Never using tins or packages that have unknown substances or are half-used by someone else h) Health surveillance of employees; monitoring workers exposure i) Keeping full PPE on until after the area is tidy and the job is complete

Module 7 Test: Ten minute module test with ten questions based on the learning outcomes. Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes).

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 18 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

MODULE 8

KNOWLEDGE AND PROCESSES OF WORKING AT HEIGHT

Element 8.1 Give an overview of:

Working at Height Activities & Hazards

a) Planning & organising WAH activities considering the following factors: Weather Location Fragile surfaces Falling objects

b) Legislation & industry guidance with respect to WAH c) A place being at height if a person can be injured falling from it, even if it is at or below ground level d) The hazards of working at height such as falling, dropped objects, suspension trauma e) Manriding as a WAH activity f) The WAH hierarchy for managing & selecting equipment for WAH: Avoiding working at height where possible Using work equipment or other measures to prevent falls Using work equipment to minimise the consequences of a fall

g) Types of ladders, scaffolding equipment and mobile elevated work platforms (MEWPs) h) Awareness of a scaffold tagging system & requiring trained personnel to install and correct the structure i) Signing for Tools Aloft, using a tool belt, tool rolls or a shadow wall j) Associated WAH fall protection systems including harnesses, lanyards and inertia reels k) Using the trailing hand technique for climbing stairs and safely crossing gangways

Module 8 Test: Five minute module test with five questions based on the learning outcomes. Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes).

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 19 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

MODULE 9 Element 9.1

BEING AWARE OF MECHANICAL LIFTING ACTIVITIES Hazards of Mechanical Lifting Operations

Give an overview of: a) The magnitude of loads to be lifted offshore (e.g. a typical piece of pipework equalling 28 bags of cement) showing why it is important to get lifting activities right b) Statistics of lifting accidents in the oil and gas industry c) Hazards associated with lifting operations such as: Encroaching personnel Conflicting activities Obstructions Damaged loads Dropped objects Adverse circumstances affecting plant and machinery stability New equipment although certified are not always safe Damaged wire rope slings Weather offshore

d) The speed at which mechanical lifting hazards can happen e) Roles in lifting operations such as the LOLER focal point, crane operator, banksman (must not get physically involved in preparing the load for lifting) and rigger/slinger (attaching/detaching and securing of loads to the lifting equipment) f) Relevant legislation such as LOLER - applies to lowering or lifting a load right down to the last split pin g) What is meant by the Safe Working Load (SWL) h) Equipment hazards in lifting operations such as load stability, load security and load handling i) Man-riding activities and the use of specific winches j) PRfS such as: Obeying barriers in restricted areas Being aware that crane operations are in progress Not moving near or under lifting operations

Module 9 Test: Five minute module test with five questions based on the learning outcomes. Mark the papers and discuss the answers as a group (5 minutes).

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 20 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

A.6 Duration of Training and Delivery Options The total training day includes contact time, refreshment and meal breaks and travel between training sites where applicable. The total contact time per day shall not exceed 8 hours and the total training day shall not exceed 10 hours. Contact time for delegates should not run consecutively for more than 2 hours without a refreshment break. OPITO approval will not be awarded for delivery of individual MIST modules, only for the complete (9 module) standard. However, there are two different approaches which can be taken in relation to the delivery of the standard: Delivery Option 1: Modules 1-9 of the MIST can be delivered consecutively over two days with an optimum contact time of 13.5 hours. The table below indicates the approximate time in which to deliver the contents of each module.

Delivery Option 2: One or more modules can be incorporated into an employers in-house training programme. The table below gives the training provider a minimum time in which to deliver the contents of each module detailed within this standard. Where this option is chosen, in addition to satisfying OPITOs Approval Criteria, the following conditions apply: 1. The MIST content may be incorporated into more in-depth programmes of longer duration, e.g. PTW User training, company specific Safety Observation Systems, etc. 2. All MIST related learning material and documentation must clearly reference the applicable section(s) of the MIST standard 3. Each delegate will complete the MIST training within a 30 day period 4. A system to record which modules and on which dates have been completed by each delegate, must be maintained 5. A delegate will not be deemed to have completed the MIST training, and will not be registered on Vantage, until the delegate has attended all of the nine MIST modules Note: Within both Delivery Options, where some modules are to be delivered within in-depth and/or in-house programmes by a sub-contracting company (whether by classroom or CBT delivery); OPITO Approval will remain with the organisation applying for approval. It will be the responsibility of that OPITO Approved organisation to ensure all training material and delivery complies with this MIST standard.
Continued

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 21 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

A.6 Duration of Training and Delivery Options continued

Delivery times: Module 1 Introduction to the 30 minutes (including 10 minutes for test & Hazardous Offshore discussion) Environment Working Safely 2 hours (including practical session and 15 minutes for Risk Assessment Permit to Work Asset Integrity Manual Handling COSHH Working at Height Mechanical Lifting
test & discussion) 2 hours (including practical session and 10 minutes for test & discussion) 1 hours (including practical session and 10 minutes for test & discussion) 1 hour (including 10 minutes for test & discussion)

Module 2 Module 3 Module 4 Module 5 Module 6 Module 7 Module 8 Module 9

1 hours (including practical session and 10 minutes


for test & discussion) 2 hours (including 15 minutes for test & discussion)

1 hours (including 10 minutes for test & discussion) 1 hours (including 10 minutes for test & discussion)

A.7 Delivery through CBT An organisation may decide that the most appropriate method for delivering this learning is through computer based training (CBT) supported by some elements of demonstration and delegate participation. As with classroom instruction, it will be up to the organisation that applies for OPITO approval to demonstrate how the learning outcomes will be met and the tests delivered. The recommended contact times contained in A.6 are for classroom based delivery and may not apply to CBT delivery. However the time spent on each module as a percentage of the total time will not change and it is foreseeable that this would take a minimum of 9.5 hours (in total).

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 22 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

A.8

Assessment Delegates attending this training programme will be given a series of explanations and demonstrations which will identify what they are expected to know and do. At the end of each module, candidates will be given a short test which will allow them to demonstrate their knowledge and understanding of the course content. A pass mark of 80% is required for each test. Four modules also have practical components in which the delegates will take an active part. These exercises should be checked for accuracy by the training provider and results fed back to the delegates. (These exercises will form an integral part of the modules and will be reviewed/corrected by the training provider where required. They will not contribute to the final pass/fail decision.) Any delegate failing to meet the expected outcomes as the course progresses can be given additional training. However, it should be clear that time to do this within the optimum contact time is limited and the delegate would have to show, through repeating test & practice sessions, that they have bridged the gap in their knowledge and understanding. If any delegate fails, in the opinion of the training providers and after reasonable tuition, to meet the learning outcomes of any individual module, the entire MIST must be repeated. NOTE: All practical exercise and test documentation completed by the delegates will be retained by the training provider for audit purposes.

A.9

Further Training & Periodicity Reassessment, via an on-line assessment, will take place every four years or more frequently if persons have not worked offshore for at least 12 months.

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 23 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

SECTION B RESOURCES

B.1

Staff

In order for a training programme to be delivered successfully, it is necessary to have appropriate people in presenting and supporting roles.

OPITO approved training providers will deliver and carry out assessment of the module. Training staff will: Have appropriate knowledge & experience Be trained in instructional/assessment techniques and/or have proven instructing/teaching experience Be included in an ongoing training and development programme, which ensures they are aware and knowledgeable of all changes to legislation and industry requirements

B.2

Trainer/Delegate Ratio

The ratio shown for theory sessions indicates the maximum number of delegates that should attend the course in any one session.

Theory Demonstrations Practical

1 : 16 1 : 16 1:8

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 24 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

B.3

Facilities

To ensure proper presentation the training provider should have: Administration arrangements appropriate for enrolment and certification of delegates A designated room that will not be used simultaneously for any other activity and which provides sufficient room for delegates to participate fully in the instruction, demonstration and practice sessions

Location of Training It is recognised that the restricted range of resources and facilities required makes this course suitable for on-location training. However, prior to any courses being delivered remotely, training providers must comply with the following requirements: a) Prior to initial approval, the training provider will specify a single approved site and advise OPITO of its intention to deliver training remotely. b) The training provider will advise OPITO of the location of any remote training in advance of each delivery. c) The training provider shall ensure the suitability of facilities and arrangements prior to delivery. d) Documented evidence will be retained by the training provider to show that delivery of training at the remote site meets the criteria detailed in this OPITO standard including, but not limited to, facilities, equipment and qualifications of instructional staff. e) Documented management procedures shall be retained which record any measures required to assure the quality and safety of on-location training. f) All records and associated documentation must be retained at a single, specified location, mutually agreed with OPITO, and made available at time of audit. g) OPITO reserves the right to physically audit any or all of the remote sites operated by the training provider.

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 25 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

B.4

Equipment & Reference Material

The following equipment and reference material is required to meet the stated content of the training course. Illustrations of rig and platform types Examples of relevant legislation and guidance documentation as they are discussed in each module Examples of a Safety Observation report card Examples of risk assessments and a risk matrix Example of work permits in different coloured folders including a blank document for delegates to complete Objects and a trolley to demonstrate manual handling Examples of an MSDS & COSHH assessment sheet Examples of PPE to include coveralls, boots, hard hat and gloves Examples of respiratory protective equipment (RPE)

Please note: Due to the variety of forms, records, plans, schedules etc. used offshore the examples used for training purposes may differ from those found onsite. Training examples should represent the range of documents available and should be as typical and current as possible. All equipment must be maintained, and where appropriate, inspected and tested in accordance with current standards/legislation.

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 26 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

SECTION C OUTCOME

C.1

Certification and Recording Persons successfully completing the nine introductory training modules will be issued with an OPITO endorsed certificate for the Offshore Oil & Gas Industry Minimum Industry Safety Training Programme. The issue of the certificate indicates that the delegate has achieved the level of training as defined by oil and gas employers and approved by OPITO. The details of each delegate will be registered on Vantage, the industrys central recording data base. It is the responsibility of the training provider to issue the delegates with a certificate containing the following: a) b) c) d) e) f) Establishment Name Full OPITO Course Title & Registration Code Delegate's Name Course Dates Expiry date Unique Certificate Number (UCN) Refer to OPITO UCN Guidance doc. for details g) Itemised Module Titles h) Establishment Signatory Each individual attending any OPITO approved course must complete a central register form. The forms must be returned by the training establishment to OPITO within one week of the training delivery. Please note: New training providers (to OPITO) will be required to send both the original (paper) registration forms, and the electronic registration until notified otherwise by Central Register.

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 27 of 28

OPITO Approved Standard Minimum Industry Safety Training Standard


OPITO

Appendix 1 OPITO Information


The topics listed below are to be delivered as part of the introduction to this course and included in the Lesson Plans/Instructor guides/Exercise Plans. Additional introduction topics may include training centre layout and alarms, emergency actions, first aid and domestic arrangements. Mandatory OPITO Information: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) Medical Fitness Certification Periods CR/Vantage (provided by OPITO) OPITO Customer Service Statement (provided by OPITO) The roles of employers and training providers (provided by OPITO) What is OPITOs role in industry? (provided by OPITO) Current Global Network of training providers (provided by OPITO) Emergency Response Framework (provided by OPITO applicable for ER Training Providers)

Revision 0 (27-Oct 2008); Amendment 13 (Jan 2013)

Page 28 of 28