The seven temples of Harran

Explaining the vowel symbols in ΙΑΩ
J.W. Richter

Harran was situated along a trade route between the Mediterranean and the plains of the middle Tigris. For a longer period of time Harran was known as a major center for the worship of Sin (Nanna) by the Sabians. There was a great temple dedicated to the moon god Sin at Harran, and it is claimed that Harran was one of seven cities each of which was dedicated to one of the seven planets 1. It was in Harran that God first spoke to Abraham, saying "Go from your country, your people and your father's household to the land I will show you." (Genesis 12:1). The Sabians also related these seven planets to vowels, metals and colors, which allows us to identify vowel symbolism in some of the words we use in modern languages. The worshipers did build seven temples, which individually had been devoted to each of the seven planets. Harran's seven planets however cannot be considered as equal partners. In Timaeus Plato categorizes the seven visible planets in two subsets: • • 3 elements with equal swiftness with the sun, but in opposite directions and 4 elements with unequal swiftness, but in due proportion. “And he gave dominion to the motion of the same and like, for that he left single and undivided; but the inner motion he divided in six places and made seven unequal circles having their intervals in ratios of two-and three, three of each, and bade the orbits proceed in a direction opposite to one another; and three [Sun, Mercury, Venus] he made to move with equal swiftness, and the remaining four [Moon, Saturn, Mars, Jupiter]2 to move with unequal swiftness to the three and to one another, but in due proportion.”3 Ares4 (Mars), Hermes5 (Mercury) and probably Aphrodite6 (Venus) have been documented as children of Zeus (Jupiter). The (male) sun-god Helios, the (female) moon-god Selene and the Aurora (Eos) were the offspring of Hyperion and Theia, Now Mercury (Hermes) and Venus (Aphrodite) both are illegal children of Jupiter (Zeus). The legal pedigree therefore may be reduced to: Saturn (Kronos) → Jupiter (Zeus) → Mars (Ares). Timaeus may explain how the Greeks illustrated the insignificance of the planets Mercury (Hermes) and Venus (Aphrodite) by their illegal positions in the pedigree Saturn (Kronos) → Jupiter (Zeus) → Mars (Ares).

1 2 3 4

The Sabians of Harran - Hermetics Resource These Planet-names in brackets have been inserted by the translator Benjamin Jowett , who also ordered the names. Wikisource: Timaeus by Plato, translated by Benjamin Jowett According to Hesiod Ares had been documented as a matrimonial son of Zeus and Hera. Hera and Zeus have three legal children, but only Ares belongs to the divine category. 5 Hermes is an illegal son of Zeus with a Nymph named Maria. 6 According to Homer Aphrodite is a daughter of Zeus and Dione (and therefore an illegal offspring). She also had two illegal children with Ares.

According to several sources7 the ancient peoples assigned seven vowels to the seven Chaldean planets: Moon = A, Mercury = E, Venus = H, Sun = I, Mars = O, Jupiter = U/Y en Saturn = Ω According to Timaeus Plato Mercury and Venus played a minor role in the cosmic harmony, as they might be considered as minor solar satellites and included in the “I”-system. The “I”-system therefore included the vowel-elements I, E and H. The independently moving planets now may be reduced to a 5-element group consisting of Sun, Moon, Saturn, Mars and Jupiter represented by I, A, Ω, O respectively U. In other words Plato's Timaeus reduces the seven planetary orrery ΙΑΩΟΥΗΕ (Jehova8) to a basically simpler five “swiftness”-system IAΩOY, which may be represented by 5 basic vowels. The other 2 planets (Mercury and Venus, represented by the vowels E respectively H) are additional elements, which didn't play a substantial role in the fundamental laws of harmony. The independent elements in the universe's harmony are the Sun, the Moon, Saturn (Kronos), Jupiter (Zeus) and Mars (Ares), in that order represented by ΙΑΩΟΥ, which initially – before the birth of Zeus - seems to have been originated as the Trigrammaton ΙΑΩ, which for most of the historical period has been used by the Church Fathers as a translation for the Biblical Tetragrammaton YHWH. Plato's Timaeus and Greek mythology may explain the reduction of ΙΑΩΟΥΗΕ (Jehova) to the Trigrammaton ΙΑΩ (YHWH) and the correct relation between the vowel symbolism and religious symbols. The 7 vowels represented the seven Chaldean planets, in which the sun “I” with its 2 satellites E and H played a major role. The divine names had been composed by planetary vowels such as: I, ΙΑΩ, ΙΑΩΟΥΗΕ (Jehova). As an image of the divine Creator (Dieu, Diou, Diau) a great number of languages, especially in the Alps and in the Mediterranean areas, composed their ego-pronouns 9 from the same vowels: ieu10, iou11, jau12. The highest transition transients between these words has been identified in the city of Chur13, in which the first episcopal center north of the Alps had been installed. The symbolic sources for the vowels may help to understand how religion evolved from the seven visible planets by designing the names ΙΑΩ, ΙΑΩΟΥΗΕ and the most important words of all languages (the ego-pronouns14). The theory also explains why the name ΙΑΩΟΥΗΕ starts with ΙΑΩ and why this triad may be considered as the most archaic of all vowel trinities. In Harran the symbolic colors red and blue have been defined as the symbolic colors for Mars (carrying the male symbol ♂), respectively Venus (with the female symbol ♀) 15. For this reason the Biblical authors felt no need to explain the colors red and blue in the divine commands for the temple's construction in the Books Exodus (e.g. 25:4) and Chronicles16. Mars had been the male, Venus the female and Mercury the androgynous planet symbol. Red and blue have been chosen for a great number of national flags, religious paintings and sculptures.

7 e.g. Aristotle, Hippocrates, Manly P. Hall (1901-1990), Abbe Jean Jacques Barthelemy (1716-95) and e.g. The Mystery of the Seven Vowels - by Joscelyn Godwin (1991) 8 “In the Jewish-Egyptian magic-papyri it appears as Ιαωουηε.” (source: Names Of God - Jewishencyclopedia) 9 Personal pronoun of the first person singular 10 In Provencal such as in Mirèio. A Provençal poem. By Frédéric Mistral 11 “Yiou” & “Dïou” in the dialect of Nimes 12 Jauer (dialect) – Wikipedia 13 Curia R(h)aetorum 14 According to Morris Swadesh 15 Gender-Symbol 16 As far as translation-errors might be avoided … (→ Analysis of the Translation Errors in Exodus 25-4)

Around the second century AD the seven Chaldean planets also have been used to define the days of the week in most languages.

Fig. 1: The ruins of Harran's University (Ulu Cami)
Published by glumik - GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or higher

Appendix 1: Symbolism for the seven temples of Harran
Sorted according to the name ΙΑΩΟΥΗΕ (Jehovah17)
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Temple/God Shamash Sîn Ninurta Nergal Marduk Ishtar Nabu Planet Sun Moon Saturn Mars Jupiter Venus Mercury Metal gold silver lead iron tin copper quick-silver Color yellow white black red green blue brown Vowel I A Ω O U/Y H E Weekday Sunday Monday Saturday Tuesday Thursday Friday Wednesday ♀ female ♂ male Gender Generation 1-legitimate 3-legitimate 2-legitimate 3-bastard ☿ androgynous 3-bastard

Table 1: The seven temples of Harran
Keywords: Timaios, Plato, Mars, Venus, Trigrammaton, ΙΑΩΟΥΗΕ, ΙΑΩ, Jehovah, Chaldean, Joscelyn Godwin, Carrhae, Şanlıurfa, Canaan, Abraham cosmos, planetary system,

17 “In the Jewish-Egyptian magic-papyri it appears as Ιαωουηε.” (source: NAMES OF GOD - JewishEncyclopedia)

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