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“Parts of speech” are the basic types of words that English has. Most grammar books say that there are eight parts of speech: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns,
conjunctions, prepositions and interjections. We will add one more type: articles.
It is important to be able to recognize and identify the different types of words in English, so that you can understand grammar explanations and use the right word form in the right place. Here is a brief explanation of what the parts of speech are:
A noun is a naming word. It names a person, place, thing, idea,
living creature, quality, or action. Examples: cowboy, theatre, box, thought, tree, kindness, arrival A verb is a word which describes an action (doing something) or
a state (being something). Examples: walk, talk, think, believe, live, like, want An adjective is a word that describes a noun. It tells you
something about the noun. Examples: big, yellow, thin, amazing, beautiful, quick,
An adverb is a word which usually describes a verb. It tells you how something is done. It may also tell you when or where
something happened. Examples: slowly, intelligently, well, yesterday, tomorrow, here,
A pronoun is used instead of a noun, to avoid repeating the
noun. Examples: I, you, he, she, it, we, they
because. at An interjection is an unusual kind of word. Adjective . The geese indolently waddled across the intersection. Oh no!. Noun 3. and they are usually followed by exclamation marks. Conjunction 8. Examples: but. Adverb 6. 1. in. Adjective 5.Conjunction A conjunction joins two words. or A preposition usually comes before a noun. through. Hurray!. Verb 2. Pronoun 4. It joins the noun to some other part of the sentence. phrases or sentences together. Verb 2. Interjection 2. because it often Interjection stands alone. a. an Review: Parts of Speech Identify the part of speech of the highlighted word in each of the following sentences: 1. Noun 3. Hello!. under. Preposition 7. 1. Pronoun 4. Examples: the. Ha! Article An article is used to introduce a noun. pronoun or noun Preposition phrase. with. and. by. so. Interjections are words which express emotion or surprise. Examples: on. The clown chased a dog around the ring and then fell flat on her face. Examples: Ouch!.
Adverb 6. 7. Frederick angrily stamped out the fire that the local hooligans had started on his verandah. Noun 3. Noun 3. 8. 6. 1. Interjection 4. Adjective 5. "What was I thinking of?" . Noun 3. Pronoun 4. Later that summer. 1. Adjective 5. Conjunction 8. Verb 2. Verb 2. Adjective 5.5. Interjection 5. Verb 2. Bruno's shabby thesaurus tumbled out of the book bag when the bus suddenly pulled out into traffic. Conjunction 8. Adverb Preposition Conjunction Interjection 3. Preposition 7. Preposition 7. Preposition 7. 1. Yikes! I'm late for class. Adverb 6. she asked herself. Adverb 6. Pronoun 4. Mr. Conjunction 8. Pronoun 4. Interjection 6.
She thought that the twenty zucchini plants would not beenough so she planted another ten. Verb 2. Pronoun 4. Pronoun 4. 1. Conjunction 8. the enormous mound left over frightened her. Verb 2. Verb 2. Adverb 6. 7. Adjective 5. Noun 3. Preposition 7. Verb Noun Pronoun Adjective Adverb Preposition Conjunction Interjection 7. 3. Adverb 6. Everywhere she went. Adverb 6.1. Although she gave hundreds of zucchini away. Conjunction 8. 4. 5. 8. Conjunction 8. Pronoun 4. Preposition 7. Interjection 8. Adjective 5. Noun 3. 1. Preposition 7. 2. she talked about the prolific veggies. Interjection 9. Interjection . Noun 3. Adjective 5. 6. 1.
Adverb 6. Noun 3. Adverb 6. Interjection 13. Noun 3. Pronoun 4. Frankenstein is the name of the scientist. Pronoun 4. Interjection 11. 1. Preposition 7. Preposition 7. Preposition 7. Verb 2. Noun 3. 1. Adjective 5. The manager confidently made his presentation to the board of directors. Adjective 5. 1. 1. Verb 2. That suitcase is hers.10. Interjection 12. not the monster. Pronoun 4. Preposition . Her greatest fear is that the world will end before she finds a comfortable pair of panty-hose. Conjunction 8. Adjective 5. Adverb 6. Conjunction 8. Adverb 6. Verb 2. Verb 2. Conjunction 8. Adjective 5. Noun 3. Pronoun 4.
Adjective 5. Pronoun 4. Verb 2. Interjection 16. 1. Adjective 5. Noun 3. Pronoun 4. 1. Pronoun 4. 1. Adjective . Adverb 6. Conjunction 8. Conjunction 8. Everyone in the room cheered when the announcement was made. Small children often insist that they can do it by themselves. Conjunction 8. Preposition 7. Interjection 17. Adverb 6. Verb 2.7. Interjection 15. Adjective 5. Pronoun 4. Noun 3. Noun 3. 1. Verb 2. Preposition 7. The sun was shining as we set out for our first winter camping trip. Preposition 7. Adverb 6. Interjection 14. Conjunction 8. Verb 2. Noun 3. Dust covered every surface in the locked bedroom.
5. Preposition 7. Conjunction 8. They wondered if there truly was honour among thieves. Adverb 6. 7. Exciting new products and effective marketing strategies will guarantee the company's success. The census taker knocked loudly on all the doors but nobody was home. Preposition 7. Pronoun 4. Pronoun 4. Pronoun 4. 8. Verb 2. Preposition 7. Adjective 5. Verb 2. Noun 3. Conjunction 8. Noun 3. 1. Adverb 6. Interjection . Interjection 19. Conjunction 8. Noun 3. 6. Adverb Preposition Conjunction Interjection 18. Adverb 6. 1. Verb 2. Adjective 5. Interjection 20. Adjective 5. 1.
notebooks and markers. New York is a big city. Oh.Look at the word in bold. Part of speech: 4. Sally and Tom are coming back soon. Part of speech: 10. He will come. The cat is on the table. Part of speech: 6. I didn't know that. Part of speech: 2. Part of speech: 8. We have pens. use a dictionary! Press "Check" to check your answers. those are great news! Part of speech: 15. Which part of speech is it? When in doubt. This is a pretty vase. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints! 1. Do you want to go out or stay home? Part of speech: 9. Don't talk like that. Part of speech: 16. They went into the hall. I want the blue ball. pencil. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if you don't know. Part of speech: 7. Part of speech: 11. What am I going to do without you? Part of speech: 13. Wow. Part of speech: 3. Part of speech: Grammatical Categories and Word Classes . Let's do it. Part of speech: 14. Part of speech: 12. Part of speech: 5. We finished it yesterday. Remember to drive safely.
. Alex is feeling rather down today.5: Word Classes 1. The dog tore up the slipper. The computers are down today. She's in an up mood. Identify the word class of down in each of the following: ( a) ( b) ( c) ( d) ( e) ( f) ( He looked down because he was He ran down the stairs. They live just up the street from Life is full of ups and downs. Your time is up. The balloons rose up into the sky. That was a first down. Identify the word class of up in each of the following: ( a) ( b) ( c) ( d) ( e) ( f) ( g) us. He upped the ante. wasn't it? Would you write your address down for me? On a dare. he downed the whole beer.Exercise 5. 2.
and I have failed.g) embarrassed. (White 1934: 145) transitive verb copulative verb intransitive verb adverb degree word preposition predicative adjective determiner . White's "The Ring of Time" given below. like an acrobat. B.from internal fires of professional hunger and delight. In the passage from E. as I knew I would. a performer need onlyreflect the electric candle power that is directed upon him. 3. At any rate. whatever beauty. must come from original sources . from the exuberance and gravity of youth. It is the difference between planetary light and the combustion of the stars. But I have discharged my duty to my society. Under the bright lights of the finished show. identify the words in bold as belonging to one of the following categories: count noun mass noun abstract noun concrete noun collective noun attributive adjective auxiliary It has been ambitious and plucky of me to attempt to describe what is indescribable. but in the dark and dirty old training rings and in the makeshift cages. must occasionally try a stunt that is too much for him. whatever excitement. its most notable performances have already been given. and besides. whatever light is generated. a writer. it is worth reporting that long before the circus comes to town.
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