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Environmental Science Chapter 1 Test Study Guide ____ 1. A tick sucks blood from a dog.

In this relationship, the tick is the parasite and the dog is the host. ____ 2. Resources such as water, food, or sunlight are more likely to be limiting factors when a population is approaching the carrying capacity. ____ 3. "Nature's recyclers" are decomposers. ____ 4. How energy moves through an ecosystem can be represented by food chains, food webs and energy pyramids ____ 5. The base of an energy pyramid represents the producers in an ecosystem? ____ 6. T the correct order in a food chain is: sun producers herbivores carnivores scavengers ____ 7. An organism's habitat is defined as the environment in which it lives. ____ 8. Scientists who study the connections among living things specialize in the science of ecology ____ 9. The biotic part of the environment is all of the organisms that live together and interact with one another. ____ 10. The abiotic part of the environment includes all of the physical factorssuch as water, soil, light, and temperaturethat affect organisms living in a particular area. ____11. In the illustration above, the cod are both predators and prey ____12. The krill are consumers ____ 13. The figure above is called a food chain 14. An organism's environment has two parts, the biotic, or living, and the abiotic, or nonliving. 15. A population is a group of individuals of the same species that live in the same area at the same time. 16. A community and its abiotic environment make up a(n) ecosystem.

17. Organisms that use photosynthesis to obtain energy are called producers. 18. The environment in which an organism lives is its habitat, and the role the organism plays in an ecosystem is its niche. 19. The loss of energy at each level of the food chain can be represented by an energy pyramid. 20. A food chain represents how the energy in food molecules flows from one organism to the next. 21. A food web represents the many energy pathways possible in an ecosystem. 22. An organism's way of life within an ecosystem is its niche. 23. The largest population of an organism that a given environment can support over time is known as the environment's carrying capacity. Short Answer When you answer these question make sure that you start with and opening, introductory sentence using words from the question. Include in your answer the definitions for all of the science terms. 24. How are producers, consumers (herbivores, carnivores, and scavengers), and decomposers linked in a food chain? 25. Briefly describe the habitat and niche of any organism of your choosing.