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SYLLABUS 2005-2009

SATHYABAMA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

SATHYABAMA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Deemed University 4 Year B.E./B. Tech. Degree Courses (Semester System) DURATION OF THE COURSE The course for the degree of Bachelor of Engineering / Bachelor of Technology shall extend for eight semesters and each semester usually consists of 90 working days. ELIGIBILITY FOR THE DEGREE A candidate shall be eligible for the Degree of B.E. / B.Tech, if he has satisfactorily undergone the prescribed course of study of eight semesters and has passed the prescribed examination in all the eight semesters. REQUIREMENTS OF EXAMINATION AND ATTENDANCE Examinations will be conducted by the University in the subjects prescribed for all the semesters ordinarily in December and April every year. A candidate shall be permitted to appear for the University examination in any semester only if: i. The candidate earns a progress certificate from the Head of the Department of having satisfactorily completed the course of study prescribed in the semester as required by these regulations and has required attendance. ii. The candidates conduct has been satisfactory. SCHEME OF EXAMINATION The scheme of examination for the course is as follows. All practical examinations / Project work shall be conducted and evaluated at the Institution itself, with internal and External Examiners appointed by the University. PASSING RULES i. 80% of the marks are allotted for External evaluation and 20% marks are allotted for internal evaluation in each of the theory. A candidate is deemed to have passed in a subject if he / she gets a minimum 50% of the total marks taking the university marks and the sessional marks together with a minimum of 35 out of 80 in the university examination. REVALUATION Revaluation can be applied in the prescribed application form with fees for revaluation. CLASSIFICATION OF RESULTS Results will be declared after every University Examination in each semester and the marks obtained by the candidates will be given to them from the office of Controller of Examinations. A candidate who has passed all the subjects of examination as prescribed from 3 rd to 8th semester shall be declared to have passed in First Class if he / she secures not less than 60% in the aggregate of all the subjects put together taking both the University and sessional marks and if he/ she completes the

course within eight semesters from the date of admission. A candidate who has passed all the subjects of the examination from 3 rd to 8th semester shall be declared to have passed in First Class with Distinction if he /she secures not less than 75% in the aggregate of all the subjects put together taking both the University and sessional marks together and if he / she passes all the examination from 3rd to 8th semester in the first attempt. All the other candidates who have passed all the examinations shall be declared to have passes in Second class. RANKING OF CANDIDATES The candidates who are eligible to get B.E. / B.Tech Degree and those who have passed all the examination in the first attempt and secured the degree in the first class will be ranked together on the basis of the average percentage of marks obtained by them in all the subjects form 3 rd to 8th semester. TIME FOR COMPLETING THE COURSE A person should complete the course within 7 years form the year of joining.

AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

Sub Code THIRD SEMESTER THEORY 26 301 26 302 26 303 26 304 26 305 26 306 26 307

Subject

Internal Marks

External Marks

Engineering Mathematics - III Elements of Production Techniques Fluid Mechanics and Machinery Engineering Thermodynamics Solid Mechanics Elements of Aeronautics Machine Drawing

20 20 20 20 20 20 20

80 80 80 80 80 80 80

PRACTICAL 26 308 26 309 Elements of Aeronautics Lab (A) Fluid Mechanics and Machinery (B) Production Process Lab FOURTH SEMESTER THEORY 26 401 26 402 26 403 26 404 26 405 26 406 26 407 Engineering Mathematics - IV Computer Programming Languages Mechanics of Machines Aerodynamics -1 Aircraft Structures-1 Control Engineering Aircraft System and Instruments 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 100 50 50

PRACTICAL 26 408 26 409 Aerodynamics lab Aircraft Structures lab-I 100 100

FIFTH SEMESTER THEORY 26 501 26 502 26 503 26 504 26 505 26 506 26 507 26 508 26 509 THEORY 26 601 26 602 26 603 26 604 26 605 26 606 26 607 26 608 26 609 THEORY 26 701 26 702 26 703 Experimental Stress Analysis Rocket and Missiles Aircraft General Engineering and Maintenance Practices 20 20 20 80 80 80 Flight Dynamics Computational Fluid Dynamics Heat Transfer Aerospace Propulsion- II Aircraft Engine Maintenance and Repair Practices Elective-I Elective- II Aircraft Structural Repair and Practices Mini project SEVENTH SEMESTER 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 100 100 Applied Numerical Methods Aerodynamics- II Aircraft Structures II Aerospace Propulsion- I Aircraft Materials Airframe Maintenance and Repair Practices Aircraft Production Techniques Aircraft Structures lab- II CAD Lab SIXTH SEMESTER 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 100 100

PRACTICAL

PRACTICAL

Vibration and Aero elasticity Professional Ethics Elective-I Elective- II Aircraft Design Project (A) Avionics Lab (B) Aircraft System Lab EIGHTH SEMESTER

20 20 20 20 -

PRACTICAL

26 801 26 802

Project Work & Viva Voce Comprehensive Exam & Viva Voce

SIXTH SEMESTER 26 6E1 26 6E2 26 6E3 26 6E4 26 6E5 26 6E6 26 7E1 26 7E2 26 7E3 26 7E4 26 7E5 26 7E6 Finite Element Method Composite Materials and Structures Operational Research and System Analysis Boundary Layer Theory Cryogenic Engineering Principle of Management and Organizational Behavior SEVENTH SEMESTER Helicopter Aerodynamics Industrial Aerodynamics Wind Tunnel Techniques Avionics Computer Integrated Manufacturing Total Quality Management 20 20 20 20 20 20 80 80 80 80 80 80 20 20 20 20 20 20 80 80 80 80 80 80

THIRD SEMESTER

426 301 ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS - III L 3 T 0 P 0 M 100

(Common to ECE, EEE, CSE, IT, ICE, EIE, AERONUTCAL) 1. LAPLACE TRANSFORMS

Transforms of Simple Functions - Properties of Transforms - Transforms of Derivatives and Integrals Periodic Function - Inverse Transforms - Convolution Theorem Initial and Final Value Theorems. 2 APPLICATIONS OF LAPLACE TRANSFORMS

Applications of Transforms for Solving of Linear Ordinary Differential Equations Simultaneous Differential Equations - Integral Equations 3 COMPLEX VARIABLES

Analytic Functions - Cauchy - Riemann Equations in Cartesian and Polar form -Properties of analytic Function - Constriction of Analytic Functions - Conformal Mapping Standard Types Bilinear. 4. COMPLEX INTEGRATION

Cauchys Integral Theorem, Integral Formula - Taylors and Laurents Series (without proof) - Residues - Cauchys Residue Theorem - Contour Integration Around the Circle and Semicircular Contours. 5. THRORY OF SAMPLING & TEST OF HYPOTHESIS

Test of Hypothesis - Large Sample - Test of Significance - Proportion -Difference of Proportions - single Mean - Difference of Means and Variances, Small sample - Students t Test Single Mean - Difference of Means - Fishers Test -Difference of Variances, Exact Sample - Chi Square Test - Goodness of Fit -Independence of Attributes. Total No of Period: 45 Reference Books 1. 2. 3. 4. Engineering Mathematics M.K. VENKATRAMAN. Engineering Mathematics C.MURUGESAN. Engineering Mathematics S. GANESH & Others. Engineering Mathematics P.KANDASAMY & Others.

426 302

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Classification and Comparison of Manufacturing Processes Criteria for Selection of a Process. Casting - sand casting Type - Procedure to Make Sand Molding -Cores - Molding Tools Pouring o Metal - principles of Die Casting -Centrifugal Casting, Investment casting, Shell Molding and Carbondioxide process. 2 WELDING

Classification of Welding processes - Principles and Equipment used in the following Processes - Gas Welding - Arc Welding - Resistance Welding -Termite Welding - Soldering Brazing. 3. CONVENTIONAL MACHINING

General principles (With Schematic Diagrams Only) of Working, Types and Commonly Performed Operation in the Following Machines - Lathe, Shaper, Planer, Milling Machine, Drilling Machine, Grinding Machine, Gear Cutter -Basic of CNC Machine. 4. UNCONVENTIONAL MACHINING PROCESSES

Need for Unconventional Machining Processes - Principles and Application of the Following Processes - Abrasive Jet Machining, Ultrasonic Machining, Electric Discharge Machining, Electrochemical Machining, Chemical Machining, LASER Beam Machining, Electron Beam Machining, Plasma Arc Machining. 5. METAL FORMING AND POWDER MERALLURGY

Basic Concepts and Classification of forming Processes - principles - Equipment used and Application of following processes - forming, Rolling, Extrusion, wire Drawing, Spinning -Powder Metallurgy Steps Involved, Applications Total No of Periods: 45

Text Books :

1.

Hajra Chowdury Elements of Workshop Technology, Vol.1 and Vol II, Asia Publishing House, 1996.

Reference Books: 1. Jain R.K. and Gupta S.C., Production technology, Khanna Publishers, 1997. 2. H. M.T. Production Technology - Hand book, Tata McGraw Hill, 1990

426 303

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1.

BASIC CONCEPT

Classification of Fluids - Properties - Types of them. Center Pressure - Plane and Curved Surfaces - Buoyancy and Stability of Floating Bodies. 2. FLUID DYNAMICS

Laws of kinematics of Fluid Flow. Lagrangian and Eulerian Method. Stream Function and Potential Functions. Continuity, Momentum and Energy Equations. Bernoullis Equation and its Applications. Pressure Measurements Pitot Static Tube, Venturimeter, and Orifice Plate Application of Momentum Equations. 3. DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS

Buckinghams Theorem, Non - Dimensional Numbers, Similarities of Flow. Model Studies. 4. LAMINAR AND TURBULENT FLOW Flow Relation between Shear Stress and Pressure Gradient. Flow between Parallel Plates. Flow through Pipes. Characteristics of Turbulent Flow. Flow through Pipes. Energy Losses in Pipes. Flow around Universed Bodies 5. FLUID MACHINERY

Principles of Operations of Centrifugal and Axial Pumps, Turbo Blowers and Turbines. Principles and Working of Gear, Vane and Reciprocating Pumps. Total No. of Periods: 45 References: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. SHAMES. I.H., Mechanics of Fluids, Kogakusha, Tokyo, 1998. RADHAKRISHNAN.E. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Prentice - Hall, India, 1999 YUAN. S.W, Foundation of Fluid Mechanics, Prentice - Hall, India, 1987 MILINE THOMSON. L.M., Theoretical Hydrodynamics, McMillan, 1985 KUMAR. K.L., Fluid Mechanics, Eurasia Publishing House, 1990

10

426 304

ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

L 3

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M 100

Common to Mech and Prod Dept. (Steam table and Mollier chart Permitted)

1. BASIC CONCEPTS AND FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

Thermodynamics systems - concept of Continuum - thermodynamic properties -equilibriumprocess-cycle - work - heat - temperature - Zeroth law of thermodynamics First law of thermodynamics - applications to closed and open system - internal energy -specific heats - enthalpy steadies and unsteady flow conditions 2. SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

Statements - reversibility - causes of irreversibility - Carnot cycle - reversed Carnot cycle heat engines - refrigeration - heat pumps Clausius inequality -entropy - principles of increase in entropy - Carnot theorem - available energy -availability 3. WORKING FLUIDS

Thermodynamic properties of pure substance - property diagram - PVT surface of water and other substances - calculation of properties of ideal and real gases -equation of state - gas laws Vander Waals equation of state - compressibility -compressibility charts - Daltons law of partial pressure -internal energy -enthalpy - specific heat and molecular weight of gas mixtures 4. POWER CYCLES

Gas power cycles - Carnot, Otto, Diesel, Dual, Brayton cycles - Vapour power cycles -Rankine - modified Rankine, reheat, regeneration cycles - binary vapour power cycles 5. THERMODYNAMIC RELATIONS AND COMBUSTION OF FUELS

Exact differentials - T-ds relations - Maxwell relation - Claussius Clapeyron equation -Joule Thompson co efficient - heat value of fuels - combustion equations - theoretical and excess air - airfuel ratio - exhaust gas analysis Reference books

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

SPALDING & COLE., Engineering Thermodynamics. ELBS NAG P.K. Engineering Thermodynamics - Tata Mc Graw Hill VANWYLEN & SONNATAG, Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics -Wiley Eastern 4 th Edition MICHAEL SADD., Thermodynamics - Prentice Hall,1977 ROGERS & MAYHEW Engineering Thermodynamics - Addison Wesley 1999. HOLMAN J.P. Thermodynamics - McGraw Hill 1995

11

SOLID MECHANICS

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To give brief descriptions on the behaviour of materials due to axial, bending and torsional and combined loads. 1. BASICS AND AXIAL LOADING

Stress and Strain - Hookes Law - Elastic constants and their relationship- Statically determinate cases - bar with uniform and varying section statically indeterminate cases -composite bar. Thermal Stresses - stresses due to freely falling weight. 2. STRESSES IN BEAMS

Shear force and bending moment diagrams for simply supported and cantilever beams -Bending stresses in straight beams - Shear Stresses in bending of beams with various cross sections - beams of uniform strength 3. DEFLECTION OF BEAMS

Double integration method - McCauleys method - Area moment method - Conjugate beam method. 4. TORSION

Torsion of circular shafts - shear stresses and twist in solid and hollow circular shafts -closely coiled helical springs. 5. BI AXIAL STRESSES

Stresses in thin circular cylinder and spherical shell under internal pressure - volumetric Strain. Combined loading - Principal Stresses and maximum Shear Stresses - Analytical and Graphical methods. TOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOKS

1. 2.

Nash William - Strength of Materials, TMH, 1998 Timoshenko.S. and Young D.H. - Elements of strength materials Vol. I and Vol. IF., T. Van Nostrand Co-Inc Princeton-N.J. 1990.

REFERENCES

1.

12

426 306

ELEMENTS OF AERONAUTICS

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M 100

1.

HISTORICAL OF AERONAUTICS Early Airplanes, Multiplans, Biplanes and Monoplanes Developments in Aerodynamics, Materials, Structures and Propulsion over the Years.

2.

AIRCRAFT CONFIGURATIONS Components of an Airplane and their functions. Different Types of Flight Vehicles, Classifications. Conventional Control, Powered Controls, Basic Instruments for flying, Typical Systems for control Actuation.

3.

INTRODUCTION TO PRINCIPLES OF FLIGHT Physical Properties and Structure of the Atmosphere, Temperature, and Pressure and Attitude Relationships, Evolution of Lift, Drag and Moment. Airfoils, Mach Number, Manuvers.

4.

INTRODUCTION TO AIRPLANE STRUCTURES General Types of Construction, Monocoque, Semi Monocoque and Geodesic Construction, Typical Wing and Fuselage Structure.

5.

MATERIALS FOR AIRCRAFT CONSTRUCTION Non-Metallic Materials, Use of Aluminum Alloy, Titanium, Stainless and Composite Materials.

6.

POWER PLANTS USED IN AIRPLANES Basic Ideas about Piston, Turboprop and Jet Engines, Use of Propeller and Jets for Thrust Production. Comparative Merits, Principles of Operation of Rocket, Types of Rocket and typical applications, Exploration into Space. Total No of Periods: 45

Reference Books: 1. 2. Anderson, J.d., Introduction to flight, McGraw Hill,1995. Kermonde, A.C., Flight Without formulae, McGraw Hill, 1987

13

426 307

MACHINE DRAWING

L 1

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M 100

1.

INTRODUCTION AND BASIC PRACTICE Classification of drawings - BIS Conventions in Drawings - Brief Revision of Basics of Engineering drawing - free Hand sketching of the Following: Orthographic Views, Isometric and Oblique Views of Objects.

2.

3.

RIVETED AND WELDED JOINTS Types of Rivets and Riveted Joints - Standard Weld Symbols, Welded Joints and Edge Preparations - Bearings, Gears and Assembly Drawings of Simple Assemblies Link (i) Stuffing Box and Gland (ii) Shaper Tool Head (iii) Gate Valve (iv) Screw Jack (v) Plumber Block.

4.

COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING 2D and 3D Solid models using Standard Packages Basics only

TUTORIAL

Total No of Periods: 45 Text Books: 1. Narayana K.L., Kannaiah P., Venkata Reddy K., Machine Drawing, New Age International Limited., New Delhi, 1996.

Reference Books : 1. 2. 3. P.S.G. Design Data Hand Book, Kalaikathir Printer, Combatore, 1987. Gupta R.B., A Text Book on Machine Drawing Technique , India Publication, New Delhi, 1985. Bhat N.D., Machine Drawing (Revised), 1987.

14

426 308

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M 100

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Study about historical background of airplanes Component of airplanes and its functions Construction of hunter cataplute chuck glider Construction of Hopper chuck glider Construction of Blue bird cataplute glider Training in flight maneuvering through computer simulation Testing of trainer flight model L 0 T 0 P 3 M 50

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Determination of friction co efficient using pipe friction apparatus Determination of co-efficient of discharge of Venturimeter Determination of co-efficient of discharge of Orifice meter Determination of co-efficient of discharge of Notches Determination of metacentric height of Ship model. Determination of co-efficient of discharge of Orifice and Mouth Pieces Determination of co-efficient of velocity of Pilot Tube. Performance characteristics of Centrifugal Pump Performance Characteristics of Reciprocating Pump

10. Performance characteristics of Multistage Centrifugal Pump 11. Performance characteristics of Gear Pump 12. Performance characteristics of Jet Pump 13. Performance characteristics of Deep Well Turbine Pump 14. Performance characteristics of Pelton wheel Turbine 15. Characteristics of Francis Turbine 16. Performance characteristics of Kaplan Turbine

15

L 0

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M 50

2. Plain Turning 3. Step Turning 4. Taper Turning 5. Grooving and Knurling Shaping 1. V-Block Shaping 2. Key way cutting Slotting 1. Keyway cutting Milling 1. Spur Gear Milling 2. T-Slot Milling Drilling Taping Sheet Metal

16

FOURTH SEMESTER

426 401 ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS IV L 3 T 1 P 0 M 100

1.

FOURIER SERIES

Eulers formula- Dirichlets conditions -convergence statement only -change of interval -odd and even functions. Half range series -RMS value -Parsevals formula-complex form of Fourier series -harmonic analysis 2. PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

Formations of equations by elimination of arbitrary constants and arbitrary function -solutions by equation -general, particular and complete integrals - Lagranges linear equation-standard type of first order equations -second order and higher order equations with constant co-efficient homogeneous and non-homogeneous equations 3. ONE DIMENSIONAL WAVE EQUATION AND HEAT EQUATION

Derivation of one dimensional wave equation -transverse vibration of finite elastic string with fixed ends -boundary and initial value problems -Fourier series solution. Derivation of one dimensional heat equation -steady and unsteady states -boundary and initial value problems -Fourier series solution 4. TWO DIMENSIONAL HEAT EQUATION

Two dimensional heat equation -steady state heat flow in two Dimensions -Laplace equation in Cartesian and polar (annulus including) Fourier series solution 5. FOURIER TRANSFORM

The infinite Fourier Transform -sine and cosine transforms-properties - inversion theorem -finite Fourier transform -sine and cosine transforms - convolution theorem -Parsevals identity Transform of derivatives. Total No of Period: 60 REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2. 3.

Singaravelu, Engineering Mathematics - Meenakshi Agency. Four Authors, Engineering Mathematics - Anuradha Agency. M. K. Venkatraman, Engineering Mathematics - National Pub. Co.

17

426 402

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M 100

1.

C - PROGRAMMING Introduction to Programming - Software - Types - Data Structure C Programming - Identifiers - Operators - Control statements - Function -Pointers - Arrays - Structures.

2.

C ++ PROGRAMMING Properties of OOPS concept - Introduction to C++ tokens Keywords Identifiers - Operators _ Control Structures - Functions - function overriding - Friend and Virtual Function - Classes And objects - Constructor - Deconstructed -Operator Overloading.

3.

C++ PROGRAMMING Inheritance - Pointer - Polymorphism - Working with files Template -Exception Handing

4.

COMPUTER GRAPHICS: Introduction - Coordinate System - Point, Line plotting, Two Dimensional Transformation Translation, Rotation, Matrix Representation, Curve fitting -Liner - Log - Power law Polynomial generations of Fergusons surface patches - Beziar UNISURE surface patches.

5.

RDBMS Advantage - Components of data base management system ( DBMS) - Normal Forms Normalized tables - Query with multiple tables- query basics -Querying with multiple tables sub queries - Joints - DDL DML - forms and Reports, creating graphical objects. Total No of Period: 45

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2.

BAALAGURUSWAMY, E, Programming with ANSIE - Tata McGraw Hill Edtion, 1993. BAALAGURUSWAMY, E., Object Oriented Programming with C++ McGeaw Hill Edtion, 1993. GERALD V., Post Database Management System - McGraw Hill Internation Edtion, 1993. ROBERT LAFORE, Object Oriented Programming in Microsoft C++ -Galogotia Publication, 1998. GOLDFIRED B.S. Programming with C - Schaum Series, Tata McGraw Hill Edtion, 1998 Raghu Ramakrisnan, Data base Management System Tata McGraw Hill Edtion, 1998

3. 4.

5. 6.

18

426 403

MECHANICS OF MACHINES

L 3

T 1

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M 100

1.

MECHANISMS Machine Structure - Kinematics Link, Pair and Chain - Constrained Motion -Slider Crank and Crank Rocker Mechanisms - Inversions - Applications -Kinematics Analysis and Synthesis of Simple Mechanisms - Determination of Velocity and Acceleration in Degrees of Freedom Grublers Criteria.

2.

FRICTION Friction in Screw and Nut - Pivot and Collar - Thrust Bearing - Plate and Disc Clutches - Belt (Flat and V) and Rope Drives - Ratio of Tensions - Effect of Centrifugal and Initial Tension Crossed Belt Drive - Jockey Pulley - Creep in Belts.

3.

GEARING AND CAMS Gear Profile and Geometry - Nomenclature of Spur and Helical Gears - Law of Gearing Interference - Requirement of Minimum Number of Teeth in Gears -Gear Trains - Simple and Compound Gear Trains - Determination of Speed and Torque on Epicycle Gear Train - Cam Profile - Different Types of Followers.

4.

BALANCING

Static and Dynamic Balancing - Single and Several Masses in Different Planes -Primary and Secondary Balancing of Reciprocating Masses - single and Multi Cylinder Engines - Inline, V and W Arrangements of Engines. 5. VIBRATION

Free, Forced and Damped Vibrations of Single Degree of Freedom System -Force Transmitted to support - Vibration Isolation - Vibration Absorption -Torsional Vibration of Shaft - Single and Multi Rotor Systems Geared Shafts -Critical Speed of shaft. Total No. of Periods: 45 TEXT BOOKS:

1.

2.

Ballaney, P.L., Thoery of Machines, Khanna Publishers, New Dehli, 1998. Singh, V.P., Thoery of Machines, Khanna Publishers, New Dehli, 1998

Reference Books:

1. 2. 3. 4.

Rao, J.S. and Dukkipati, R.V., Mechanism and Machine Theory, Second Edition, Wiley Eastern Ltd., 1992. Malhotra, D.R. and Gupta, H.c, the Theory of Machines, satya Prakashan, Tech. India Publication, 1988. Gosh, A., and Mallick, A.K., Theory of Machines and Mechanisms, McGraw Hill, Affiliated East West Press, 1989. Shigley, J.E. and Uncker (k), J.J., Theory of Machines and Mechanisms, McGraw Hill,

19

426 404 1

AERODYNAMICS -I

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M 100

2.

TWO DIMENSIONAL FLOWS Complex Potential, Point Source and Sink, Potential Vortex, Uniform Parallel flow and their Combinations, Pressure and Velocity Distributions on Bodies with and Without Circulation in Ideal and Real fluid Flows. Kutta Joukowskis Theorem.

3.

CONFORMAL TRANSFORMATION Joukowski Transformation and its Application to Fluid Flow Problems, Kutta Condition, Blasius Theorem.

4.

AIRFOLS Joukowski, Karman Trefftz Profiles, Von Mises and Carafoli profiles - Thin Aerofoil Theory and its Applications.

5.

SUBSONIC WING THEORY Vortex line, Hores Shoe Vortex, Biot and Savart Law, Lifting Line Theory and its Limitations. Total No. of Periods: 45

Reference Books :

1. 2. 3. 4.

Houghton, E.L., and Carruthers, N.B., Aerodynamics for Engineering students, Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd., London, 1989. Milne Thomos, L.H., Theorical Aerodynamics Anderson, J.D., Fundamentals of Aerodynamics, McGraw Hill Book Co., New York, 1985. Clancey, L.J., Aerodynamics, Pitman, 1986.

20

426 405 1.

AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES -I

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STATICALLY DETERMINATE STRUCTURES Analysis of plane truss - Method of joints -3 D Truss - Plane frames

2.

STATICALLY INDETERMINATE STRUCTURES Composite beam - Clapeyrons Three Moment Equation - Moment Distribution Method.

3.

ENERGY METHODS Strain Energy due to axial, bending and Torsional loads - Castiglianos theorem -Maxwells Reciprocal theorem, Unit load method - application to beams, trusses, frames, rings, etc.

4.

COLUMNS Columns with various end conditions - Eulers Column curve - Rankines formula - Column with initial curvature - Eccentric loading - South well plot - Beam column.

5.

FAILURE THEORY Maximum Stress theory - Maximum Strain Theory - Maximum Shear Stress Theory Distortion Theory - Maximum Strain energy theory - Application to aircraft Structural problems. Total No Periods: 60

TEXT BOOK:

1.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1.

Timoshenko, S., Strength of Materials, Vol. I and II, Princeton D. Von Nostrand Co, 1990.

21

CONTROL ENGINEERING

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Historical review - Simple pneumatic, hydraulic and thermal systems, Series and parallel systems, Analogies - Mechanical and electrical components, Development of flight control systems. 2. OPEN AND CLOSED LOOP SYSTEMS 6

Feedback control systems - Block diagram representation of control systems, Reduction of block diagrams, Output to input ratios, Signal flow graph. 3. CHARACTERISTIC EQUATION AND FUNCTIONS 10

Lap lace transformation, Response of systems to different inputs viz., Step input, impulse, ramp, parabolic and sinusoidal inputs, Time response of first and second order systems, steady state errors and error constants of unity feedback circuit. 4. CONCEPT OF STABILITY 15

Necessary and sufficient conditions, Routh - Hurwitz criteria of stability, Root locus and Bode techniques, Concept and construction, frequency response. 5. SAMPLED DATA SYSTEMS 8

Introduction to digital control system, Digital Controllers and Digital PID Controllers. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS

1. 2.

OGATO, Modern Control Engineering, Prentice - Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, 1998. GOPAL.M. Control Systems, Principles and design - Tata McGraw-Hill Publication, New Delhi, 2000.

REFERENCES

1. 2. 3. 4.

Azzo, J.J.D. and C.H. Houpis, Feed back control system analysis and synthesis, McGraw Hill International, 3rd Edition, 1998. Kuo, B.C., Automatic control systems, Prentice - Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1998. Houpis, C.H. and Lamont, G.B., Digital Control Systems, McGraw-Hill Book Co. New York, USA 1995. Naresh K. Sinha, Control Systems, New Age International Publishers, New Delhi

22

426 407 1.

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AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS Hydraulic Systems - Study of Typical Workable System - Components - Hydraulic System Controllers - Modes of Operation - Pneumatic Systems - Advantages -Working Principles Typical Air Pressure System - Brake System - Typical Pneumatic power System Components, Loading Gear Systems - Classification -Shock Absorbers - Restrictive Mechanism.

2.

AIRPLANE CONTROL SYSTEMS Conventional Systems - power Assisted and Fully Powered Flight Controls - power Actuated Systems - Engine Control Systems - Push Pull Rod System, Flexible Push Full Rod System Components - Modern Control Systems - Digital Fly By Wire systems - Auto pilot System Active Control Technology, Communication and Navigation Systems Instrument Landing Systems, VOR - CCV Case Studies.

3.

ENGINE SYSTEMS Fuel Systems - For Piston and Jet Engines - Components of Multi Engines. Lubricating Systems for Piston and Jet Engines - Starting and Ignition Systems -Typical Examples for piston and Jet Engines.

4.

AIRCONDITIONING AND PRESSURIZING SYSTEM Basic Air Cycle Systems - Vapour Cycle Systems, Boost-Strap Air Cycle System Evaporative Vapour Cycle systems - Evaporative air Cycle systems -Oxygen systems Fire Protection Systems, Deicing and Ami Icing Systems.

5.

AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTS Flight Instrument and Navigation Instruments - Accelerometers, Air Speed Indicators - Mach Meters - Altimeters - principles and Operation - Study of Various Types of Engine Instruments - Tachometers - Temperature Gauges -Pressure Gauges - Operation and Principles Total No of periods: 45

Reference Books : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Mekinly, J.L. and Bent, R.D., Aircrft Power Plants, McGraw Hill, 1993. Pallet, E.H.J., Aircraft Instruments & Principles, Pitman & Co., 1993. Treager, S., Gas Turbine Technology, McGraw Hill, 1997. Mckinley, K.L., and Bent, R.D., Aircraft Maintenance & Repair, McGraw Hill 1993 General Hand Books of Airframe and Power plant Mechanics, U.S. Dept. of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, the English BookStore, New Delhi, 1995.

23

AERODYNAMICS LAB

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LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Calibration of subsonic wind tunnel. Pressure distribution over smooth and rough cylinder. Pressure distribution over symmetric airfoils. Pressure distribution over cambered airfoils & thin airfoils Force measurement using wind tunnel balance. Flow over a flat plate at different angles of incidence Flow visualization studies in low speed flows over cylinders Flow visualization studies in low speed flows over airfoil with different angle of incidence Calibration of supersonic wind tunnel. Supersonic flow visualization with Schlieren system.

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To study experimentally the load deflection characteristics structural materials under different types of loads.

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Determination of Youngs modulus of steel using mechanical extensometers. Determination of Youngs modulus of aluminum using electrical extensometers Determination of fracture strength and fracture pattern of ductile materials Determination of fracture strength and fracture pattern of brittle materials Stress Strain curve for various engineering materials. Deflection of beams with various end conditions. Verification of Maxwells Reciprocal theorem & principle of superposition Column - Testing South-wells plot. Riveted Joints.

24

FIFTH SEMESTER

426 501 1. APPLIED NUMERICAL METHODS L 3 T 1 P 0 M 100

Method of False Position, Interactive Method, Newton - Raphson Methods for Single Variable and for Simultaneous Equations with Two Variables, Solution of a Linear Systems By Gaussian, Gauss - Jordan, Jacobian and Gauss - Seidal Methods. Inverse of a Matrix by Gauss Jordan Method. Eigen Value of a Matrix by Power and Jacobi Methods, 2. INTERPOLATION AND APPROXIMATION

Interpolation with Newtons Divided Differences, LaGranges Polynomial, Newton Forward and Backward Differences, Central Difference, Least Square Polynomial Approximations. 3. NUMERICAL DIFFERENTATION AND INTEGRATION

Numerical Differentiation with Interpolation Polynomials, Numerical Integration by Trapezoidal and Simpsons (both l/3rd and 3/8th) Rules. Rombergs Rule Two and Three Point Gaussian Quadrature Formula. Double Integrals using Trapezoidal and simpsons Rule. 4. INTIAL VALUE PROBLEMS FOR ORDINARY DIFFERENTAL EQUATIONS

Single Step Methods - Taylor Series, Euler and Modified Euler, Runge - Kutta Method pf Fourth Order First and Second Order Differential Equations. Multistep Methods - Milne and Adams Bash forth Predicator and corrector Methods. 5. BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS FOR ORDENARY AND PARTIAL

Finite Difference Solution for the Second order ordinary Differential Equations, Finite Difference Solution for one Dimensional Heat Equation (both Implicit and Explicit). One Dimensional Wave Equation and Two simentional Laplace and Poisson Equations. Total No Periods: 45 TEXT BOOKS:

1.

Sastry S.S., Introductory Methods of Numerical Analysis (Third Edition), Printice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1998.

RERERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2. 3.

Kandasamy, P., Thilakavathy, K. and Gunavathy., Numerical Methods, S.Chand Co, NewDelhi, 1998. Grewal, B.S. and GrewaI,J.S Numerical Methods in Engineering and Science, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi. 1999. Jain M.K., Iyengar, S.R.K. and Jain, R.K., Numerical Methods For Engineering Scientific and Computations (Third Edition), Wiley Eastern Ltd, New Delhi 1998.

25

4. 5.

Gerald, C.F., and Wheatley, P.O., Applied Numerical Analysis (fifth edition ), Addison Wesley, Singapore, 1998. Narayanan, S., Manicavachagam Pillai, T.K. and Ramanaiah,G., Advance Mathematics for Engineering Students-Volume-III, S.Viswanatha Pvt.,Ltd., 1987.

426 502 1.

AERODYNAMICS-II

L 3

T 0

P 0

M 100

Energy, Momentum, continuity and state equations, velocity of sound, Adiabatic steady state flow equations, Flow through converging, diverging passages, Performance under various back pressures. 2. NORMAL, OBLIQUE SHOCKS AND EXPANSION

Prandtl equation and Rankine - Hugonoit relation, Normal shock equations, Pitot static tube, corrections for subsonic and supersonic flows, Oblique shocks and corresponding equations, shock polars, flow past wedges and concave corners, strong, weak and detached shocks, Rayleigh and Fanno Flow. Flow past convex corners, Reflection and interaction of shocks and expansion, waves, Families of shocks, Method of Characteristics. 3. DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS OF MOTION FOR STEADY COMPRESSIBLE FLOWS

Small perturbation potential theory, solutions for supersonic flows, Mach waves and Mach angles, Prandtl-Glauert affine transformation relations for subsonic flows, Linearised two dimensional supersonic flow theory, Lift, drag pitching moment and center of pressure of supersonic profiles. 4. AIRFOIL IN HIGH SPEED FLOWS

Lower and upper critical Mach numbers, Lift and drag divergence, shock induced separation, Characteristics of swept wings, Effects of thickness, camber and aspect ratio of wings, Transonic area rule, Tip effects. 5. HIGH SPEED WIND TUNNELS

Blow down, indraft and induction tunnel layouts and their design features, Transonic, supersonic and hypersonic tunnels and their peculiarities, Helium and gun tunnels, Shock tubes, Optical methods of flow visualization. Total No Periods: 45 TEXT BOOK:

1.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1.

Shapiro, A.H., Dynamics and Thermodynamics of Compressible Fluid Flow, Ronold Press, 1982.

26

2. 3. 4.

Zucrow, M.J. and Anderson, J.D., Elements of gas dynamics, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1989. Mc Cormick. W., Aerodynamics, Aeronautics and Flight Mechanics, John Wiley New York, 1979. Anderson Jr., D., - Modern compressible flows, McGraw-Hill Book Co New York 1999.

426 503 1.

AIRCRAFT STRUCTURE-II

L 3

T 1

P 0

M 100

UNSYMMETRICAL BENDING Bending stresses in beams of unsymmetrical sections - Bending of symmetric sections with skew loads.

2.

SHEAR FLOW IN OPEN SECTIONS Thin walled beams, Concept of shear flow, shear centre, Elastic axis. With one axis of symmetry, with wall effective and ineffective in bending, unsymmetrical beam sections.

3.

SHEAR FLOW IN CLOSED SECTIONS Brodt - Batho formula, Single and multi - cell structures. Approximate methods. Shear flow in single & multicell structures under torsion. Shear flow in single and multi cell under bending with walls effective and ineffective.

4.

BUCKLING OF PLATES Rectangular sheets under compression, Local buckling stress of thin walled sections, Crippling stresses by Needhams and Gerards methods, Thin walled column strength. Sheet stiffener panels. Effective width, inter rivet and sheet wrinkling failures.

5.

STRESS ANALYSIS IN WING AND FUSELAGE Procedure - Shear and bending moment distribution for semi cantilever and other types of wings and fuselage, thin webbed beam. With parallel and non parallel flanges, Shear resistant web beams, Tension field web beams (Wagners). Total No Periods: 60

TEXT BOOK:

1.

Peery, D.J., and Azar, J.J., Aircraft Structures, 2 nd edition, McGraw-Hill, N.Y., 1993.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2. 3.

Megson, T.M.G., Aircraft Structures for Engineering Students, Edward Arnold, 1995. Bruhn. E.H. Analysis and Design of Flight vehicles Structures, Tri - state off set company, USA, 1985. Rivello, R.M., Theory and Analysis of Flight Structures, McGraw-Hill, 1993.

27

426 504 1.

AEROSPACE PROPULSION -I

L 3

T 0

P 0

M 100

FUNDAMENTALS OF GAS TURBINE ENGINES Illustration of working of gas turbine engine - The thrust equation - Factors affecting thrust Effect of pressure, velocity and temperature changes of air entering compressor - Methods of thrust augmentation - Characteristics of turboprop, turbofan and turbojet - Performance characteristics.

2.

SUBSONIC AND SUPERSONIC INLETS FOR JET Internal flow and Stall in subsonic inlets - Boundary layer separation - Major features of external flow near a subsonic inlet - Relation between minimum area ratio and eternal deceleration ratio - Diffuser performance - Supersonic inlets - Starting problem on supersonic inlets - Shock swallowing by area variation - External declaration - Models of inlet operation.

3.

COMBUSTION CHAMBERS Classification of combustion chambers - Important factors affecting combustion chamber design - Combustion process - Combustion chamber performance - Effect of operating variables on performance - Flame tube cooling - Flame stabilization - Use of flame holders Numerical problems.

4.

NOZZLES Theory of flow in isentropic nozzles - Convergent nozzles and nozzle choking -Nozzle throat conditions - Nozzle efficiency - Losses in nozzles - Over expanded and under - expanded nozzles - Ejector and variable area nozzles - Interaction of nozzle flow with adjacent surfaces - Thrust reversal

5.

COMPRESSORS Principle of operation of centrifugal compressor - Work done and pressure rise -Velocity diagrams - Diffuser vane design considerations - Concept of prewhirl -Rotation stall Elementary theory of axial flow compressor - Velocity triangles -degree of reaction - Three dimensional - Air angle distributions for free vortex and constant reaction designs Compressor blade design - Centrifugal and Axial compressor performance characteristics. Total No Periods: 45

TEXT BOOK:

1.

Hill, P.G. & Peterson, C.R. Mechanics & Thermodynamics of Propulsion Addison Wesley Longman INC, 1999.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2.

Cohen, H. Rogers, G.F.C. and Saravanamuttoo, H.I.H. Gas Turbine Theory, Longman, 1989. Oates, G.C., Aero thermodynamics of Aircraft Engine Components, AIAA Education

28

3. 4.

Series, New York, 1985. Rolls Royce Jet Engine - Third Edition - 1983. Mathur, M.L. and Shanna, R.P., Gas Turbine, Jet and Rocket Propulsion, Standard Publishers & Distributors, Delhi, 1999.

426 505 1.

AIRCRAFT MATERIALS

L 3

T 0

P 0

M 100

ELEMENTS OF MATERIAL SCIENCE Structure of Solid Materials - Atomic structure Crystal Structure - Imperfections in Crystals.

2.

MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS Linear and Non-linear Elastic Properties - Mechanism of Elastic and Inelastic Action Yielding, Strain Hardening, Fracture, Elastic After Effect Bauchingers Effect, Testing and Flaw Detection of Material and Components.

3.

HEAT TREATMENT OF METALS & ALLOYS Heat Treatment of Carbon Steel, Aluminum Alloy, Magnesium Alloy and Titanium Alloy used in Aircraft.

4.

CORROSION Types of Corrosions - Effect of Corrosion on Mechanical Properties - Protection against Corrosion - Corrosion Resistant Materials used in Aircraft.

5.

ALUMINIUM ALLOYS AND COMPOSITES Introduction - Physical Metallurgy - Wrought Aluminum Alloys - Cast Aluminum Alloy Production of Semi Abrogated Forms - Aerospace Application - Plastics and Rubber Introduction to FRP, Glass and Carbon Composites - Fibers and Resins - Characteristics and Application.

6.

SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR AIRCRAFT AND ROCKETS Classification of Aircraft Materials used for Aircraft Components - Application of Composite Materials - Super Alloys, Indigenes Alloys. Emerging Trends in Aerospace Materials. Total No of Period: 45

Reference Books:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Martin, J.W., Engineering Materials, Their Properties, and Application, Wykendhan Publication. (London) Ltd., 1987. Titterton, G., Aircraft Materials and Processes, Vedition, Pitman Publication Co., 1995. Krishnadas Nair, C.G., Handbook of Aircraft Materials, Interline Publishing, 1993. Balaram Gupta, Aerospace Materials, Vol.1, II and III, Chand & Company Ltd., New Delhi - 1996.

29

426 506 1.

L 3

T 0

P 0

M 100

WELDING IN AIRCRAFT STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS: Equipments used in welding shop and their maintenance - Ensuring quality welds - Welding jigs and fixtures - Soldering and Brazing. SHEET METAL REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE: Inspection of damage - Classification - Repair or replacement - Sheet metal inspection N.D.T Testing - Riveted repair design, Damage investigation - Reverse technology.

2.

PLASTICS AND ADVANCED COMPOSITES IN AIRCRAFT: Review of types of plastics used in airplanes - Maintenance and repair of plastic components Repair of cracks, holes etc., various repairs schemes - Scopes. Inspection - Repair of composite components - Special precautions -Autoclaves.

3.

AIRCRAFT JACKING, ASSEMBLY AND RIGGING: Airplane Jacking and Weighing and C.G. Location. Balancing of control surfaces - Inspection maintenance. Helicopter flight controls. Tracking and balancing of main rotor.

4.

REVIEW OF HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC SYSTEM: Trouble shooting and maintenance practices - Service and Inspection. Inspection and maintenance of landing gear systems. Inspection and maintenance of air-conditioning and pressurization system, water and waste system. Installation and maintenance of instruments - Handling - Testing -Inspection. Inspection and maintenance of auxiliary system - Fire protection systems - Ice protection system - Rain removal system - Position and warning system - Auxiliary Power Units (APUs)

5.

SAFETY PRACTICES: Hazardous materials storage and handling, Aircraft furnishing practices -Equipments. Trouble shooting Theory and practices. Total No Periods: 45

TEXT BOOK:

1.

Kroes, Watkins, Delp, Aircraft Maintenance and Repair - McGraw Hill, New York, 1992.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2.

Larry Reithmeir, Aircraft Repair Manual - Palamar Books, Marquette, 1992. Brimm D.J.Bogges H.E., Aircraft Maintenance - Pitman Publishing Corp. New York, 1940.

30

426 507 1.

L 3

T 0

P 0

M 100

AIRCRAFT INDUSTRY:

Tools - Classification - Basic, detail and assembly tools - Scales and cost of project related tools - Interchangeability. 2. AIRCRAFT INDUSTRY:

Components - Machining - Cutting tools and details - Different machining operations Conventional and Non-Conventional machining i.e. EDM, ECM -CNC Machines, types, features, CAD & CAM -Sheet metal forming - Machines for various operation - Shearing, Blanking and pressing - Rubber pressers - Super plastic forming and diffusion bonding - Fabrication. Welding Types, weld jigs, sophisticated techniques (ie) EBW, AHW etc. Brazing and Soldering. 3. HEAT TREATMENT AND SURFACE FINISHING PROCESSES:

Heat Treatment of various alloys - Case hardening of steel - Corrosion and its prevention Various types of surface protection. Quality control and Assurance -Concepts and definition reliability - Quality circle - Emerging trends in quality assurance. 4. STRUCTURAL ASSEMBLY:

Stages - Riveting, types and techniques - Equipment - Fasteners - Automation Integral tanks Jigs - Cycle times - Equipment and final assembly of aircraft - Flight testing. 5. COMPOSITES IN AIRCRAFT CONSTRUCTION:

Basic - Unique advantages of composites - Matrices and reinforcements -Techniques autoclaves - Inspection and assurances of quality - Sand witch construction. Factory automation, CAD, CAM, CIM and CAPP. Total No Periods: 45 TEXT BOOK:

1.

Keshu, S.C., Ganapathy K.K., Aircraft Production Techniques - Interline Publishing House, Bangalore.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2.

Kanna. O.P. Lai. M, Production Technology - Dhanpat Rai Publication, New Delhi, 1997. Champman W.A.J., Production Technology, 4th Edition - Arnold Publisher, New Delhi, 1994. 426 508 AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES LAB - II L 0 T 0 P 3 M 100

OBJECTIVE To study experimentally the load deflection characteristics structural materials under different types of loads.

31

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Unsymmetrical bending of beams Shear centre location for open sections Shear centre location for closed sections Constant strength beam Flexibility matrix for cantilever beam Beam with combined loading Calibration of Photo- elastic materials Stresses in circular discs and beams using photoelastic techniques Vibrations of beams Wagner beam - Tension field bea 426 509 T 0 P 3 M 100

CAD LAB

OBJECTIVE To introduce the concept of design of basic structural components using pro -E and Ansys.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

Modeling of various components using Pro- E Static analysis on cantilever beam Static analysis of forces in a simply supported beam Static analysis- Plane truss 2-D static stress analysis 3-D static stress analysis tress distribution in a shrink fit Natural frequencies of a spring mass system Stress and modal analysis of a cylinder under pressure Stress distribution and natural frequencies in indeterminate structure Analysis of a model airplane wing.

SIXTH SEMESTER

426 601 1. FLIGHT DYNAMICS L 3 T 0 P 0 M 100

International Standard Atmosphere - Forces and moments acting on a flight vehicle Equation of motion of a rigid flight vehicle - Different types of drag - Drag polars of vehicles from low speed to high speeds - Variation of thrust, power and SFC with velocity and altitudes for air breathing engines and rockets - Power available and power required curves. 2. AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE

Performance of airplane in level flight - Maximum speed in level flight -Conditions for minimum drag and power required - Range and endurance - Climbing and gliding flight (Maximum

32

rate of climb and steepest angle of climb, minimum rate of sink and shallowest angle of glide) -Turning performance (Turning rate turn radius). Bank angle and load factor - Limitations of pull up and push over - V-n diagram and load factor. 3. STATIC LONGITUDINAL STABILITY

Degree of freedom of rigid bodies in space - Static and dynamic stability -Purpose of controls in airplanes -Inherently stable and marginal stable airplanes - Static, Longitudinal stability - Stick fixed stability - Basic equilibrium equation - Stability criterion - Effects of fuselage and nacelle Influence of CG location - Power effects -Stick fixed neutral point - Stick free stability-Hinge moment coefficient - Stick free neutral points-Symmetric maneuvers - Stick force gradients - Stick _ force per g -Aerodynamic balancing. Determination of neutral points and maneuver points from flight test. 4. LATERAL AND DIRECTIONAL STABILITY

Dihedral effect - Lateral control - Coupling between rolling and yawing moments - Adverse yaw effects - Aileron reversal - Static directional stability - Weather cocking effect - Rudder requirements - One engine inoperative condition - Rudder lock. 5. DYNAMIC STABILITY

Dynamic longitudinal stability: Equations of motion - Stability derivatives -Characteristic equation of stick fixed case - Modes and stability criterion - Effect of freeing-the stick - Brief description of lateral and directional. Dynamic stability - Spiral, divergence, Dutch roll, auto rotation and spin. Total No Periods: 45 TEXT BOOK:

1.

Perkins, C.D., and Hage, R.E., Airplane Performance stability and Control, John Wiley & Son:, Inc, New York, 1988.

RERERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2. 3. 4.

Etkins, B., Dynamics of Flight Stability and Control, Edn. 2, John Wiley, New York, 1982. Babister, A.W., Aircraft Dynamic Stability and Response, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1980. Dommasch, D.O., Shelby, S.S., and Connolly, T.F., Aeroplane Aero dynamics, Third Edition, Issac Pitman, London, 1981. Nelson, R.C. Flight Stability and Automatic Control, McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1998. 426 602 COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS L 3 T 0 P 0 M 100

1.

BASIC CONCEPTS

Introduction - Basic Equation of Fluid Dynamics - Incompressible Inviscid Flow: Source, Vortex and Doublet panel methods - Lifting flows over arbitrary bodies.

2.

33

Mathematical properties of fluid Dynamics Equations - Elliptic, Parabolic and Hyperbolic equations.- Well posed problems -Discretization of Partial Differential Equations -Transformations and grids - Explicit finite difference methods of subsonic, supersonic and viscous flows. 3. TIME DEPENDENT METHODS

Boundary layer equations and methods of solution - Implicit time dependent methods for inviscid and viscous compressible flows - Concept of numerical dissipation - Stability properties of explicit and implicit methods -Conservative upwind discretization for Hyperbolic systems - Further advantages of upwind differencing. 4. FINITE ELEMENT METHOD

Finite Element Techniques in Computational Fluid Dynamics; Introduction - Strong and Weak Formulations of a boundary Value Problem -Strong formulation - Weighted Residual formulation - Galerkin formulation -Weak Formulation - Variational Formulation - Piecewise defined shape functions - Implementation of the FEM - The Solution Procedure. 5. CONTROL VOLUME METHODS

Finite volume Techniques - Cell Centered Formulation - Lax -Vendoroff Time Stepping Runge-Kutta Time Stepping - Multistage Time Stepping -Accuracy - Cell Vertex Formulation Multistage Time Stepping - FDM - like Finite Volume Techniques - Central and Up-wind Type Discretization -Treatment of Derivatives Total No Periods: 45 TEXT BOOK:

1.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2. 3. 4.

John F. Wend T., Computational Fluid Dynamics An Introduction - Springer-Veriag, Berlin, 1992. Fletcher C.A.J. - Computational Techniques for Fluid Dynamics, Vols I and II - SpringerVerlag, Berlin 1988. Charles Hirsch, Numerical Computation of Internal and External Flows -Vols. I and II - John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1988. Klaus A. Hoffmann and Steve T. Chiang, Computational Fluid Dynamics for Engineers, Vols I & II - Engineering Education System, PO. Box 20078, W K.S. 67208 -1078 USA, 1993. 426 603 HEAT TRANSFER L 3 T 0 P 0 M 100

1.

HEAT CONDUCTION

Basic Modes of Heat Transfer ~ One dimensional steady state heat conduction: Composite Medium - Critical thickness - Effect of variation of thermal Conductivity -Extended Surfaces Unsteady state. Heat Conduction: Lumped System Analysis - Heat Transfer in Semi infinite and infinite

34

solids - Use of Transient - Temperature charts - Application of numerical techniques. 2. CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER

Introduction Free convection in atmosphere free convection on a vertical flat plate -Empirical relation in free convection - Forced convection - Laminar and turbulent convective heat transfer analysis in flows between parallel plates, over a flat plate and in a circular pipe. Empirical relations, application of numerical techniques in problem solving. 3. RADIATIVE HEAT TRANSFER

Introduction to Physical mechanism - Radiation properties - Radiation shape factors -Heat exchange between non - black bodies - Radiation shields. 4. HEAT EXCHANGERS

Classification - Temperature Distribution - Overall heat transfer coefficient, Heat Exchange Analysis - LMTD Method and E-NTU Method. 5. HEAT TRANSFER PROBLEMS IN AEROSPACE ENGINEERING

High-Speed flow Heat Transfer, Heat Transfer problems in gas turbine combustion chambers - Rocket thrust chambers - Aerodynamic heating - Ablative heat transfer. Total No Periods: 45 TEXT BOOK:

1. 2.

Yunus A. Cengel., Heat Transfer - A practical approach, Second Edition, Tata McGrawHill, 2002. Incropera. F.P.and Dewitt.D.P. Introduction to Heat Transfer, John Wiley and Sons - 2002.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2. 3. 4.

Lienhard, J.H., A Heat Transfer Text Book, Prentice Hall Inc., 1981. Holman, J.P. Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York, 6 th Edn, 1991. Sachdeva, S.C., Fundamentals of Engineering Heat & Mass Transfer, Wiley Eastern Ltd., New Delhi, 1981. Mathur, M. and Sharma, R.P. Gas Turbine and Jet and Rocket Propulsion, Standard Publishers, New Delhi 1988. 426 604 AEROSPACE PROPULSION - II L 3 T 0 P 0 M 100

1.

Impulse and reaction blading of gas turbines - Velocity triangles and power output Elementary theory - Vortex theory - Choice of blade profile, pitch and chord -Estimation of stage performance - Limiting factors in gas turbine design- Overall turbine performance - Methods of blade cooling - Matching of turbine and compressor -Numerical problems. 2. RAMJET PROPULSION

35

Operating principle - Sub critical, critical and supercritical operation -Combustion in ramjet engine - Ramjet performance - Sample ramjet design calculations - Introduction to scramjet Preliminary concepts in supersonic combustion - Integral ram- rocket- Numerical problems. 3. FUNDAMENTALS OF ROCKET PROPULSION

Operating principle - Specific impulse of a rocket - internal ballistics- Rocket nozzle classification - Rocket performance considerations - Numerical Problems. 4. CHEMICAL ROCKETS

Solid propellant rockets - Selection criteria of solid propellants - Important hardware components of solid rockets - Propellant grain design considerations - Liquid propellant rockets Selection of liquid propellants - Thrust control in liquid rockets -Cooling in liquid rockets Limitations of hybrid rockets - Relative advantages of liquid rockets over solid rockets- Numerical Problems. 5. ADVANTAGES OF PROPULSION TECHNIQUES

Electric rocket propulsion - Ion propulsion techniques - Nuclear rocket - Types -Solar sailPreliminary Concepts in nozzleless propulsion. Total No Periods: 45 TEXT BOOK:

1. 2.

Sutton, G.P., Rocket Propulsion Elements, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 5 th Edn., 1993. Hill, P.G. & Peterson, C.R. Mechanics & Thermodynamics of Propulsion Addison Wesley Longman INC, 1999.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2. 3.

Cohen, H., Rogers, G.F.C. and Saravanamuttoo, H.I.H., Gas Turbine Theory, Longman Co., ELBS Ed., 1989. Gorden, C.V., Aero thermodynamics of Gas Turbine and Rocket Propulsion, AIAA Education Series, New York, 1989. Mathur, M., and Sharma, R.P., Gas Turbines and Jet and Rocket Propulsion, Standard Publishers, New Delhi, 1988.

36

426 605

L 3

T 0

P 0

M 100

1.

Types of piston engines - Principles of operation - Function of components -Materials used Details of starting the engines - Details of carburetion and injection systems for small and large engines - Ignition system components - Spark plug details - Engine operating conditions at various altitudes - Maintenance and inspection checks to be carried out. Inspection and maintenance and trouble shooting - Inspection of all engine components Daily and routine checks - Overhaul procedures - Compression testing of cylinders - Special inspection schedules - Engine fuel, control and exhaust systems - Engine mount and super charger - Checks and inspection procedures.

2.

Classification - General Inspection procedures - checks on constant speed propellers - Pitch setting - Installation and maintenance checks. Symptoms of failure - Fault diagnostics - Case studies of different engine systems -Rectification during testing equipments for overhaul: Tools and equipment requirements for various checks and alignment during overhauling - Tools for inspection - tools for safety and visual inspection - methods and instruments for non deastructive testing techniques. equipments for replacement of part and their repair. Engine testing: Engine testing procedures and schedule preparation - on line maintenance.

3.

4.

B) OPERATION INSPECTION, MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLE SHOOTING OF JET ENGINES: 12 types of jet engines - Principles of operation - Function of components -Materials used Details of starting and operating procedures - gas turbine engine inspection and check ups. use of instruments for on line maintenance - special inspection procedures: foreign object damage and blade damage. Gas turbine engine maintenance: minor and major maintenance - maintenance procedures of gas turbine - trouble shooting and rectification procedures -component maintenance procedures - system maintenance procedures. Engine Testing and storage: gas turbine testing procedures - test schedule procedure - storage of engine - preservation and de-preservation procedures.

5.

Engine overhaul - Overhaul procedures- inspection and cleaning of the components - repair schedules for overhaul- balancing of gas turbine components

37

Trouble shooting: procedures for trouble shooting - condition monitoring of the engine on ground and at altitude - engine health monitoring and corrective methods. Reference: 1. 2. 3. Croes & Wild, Aircraft power plants, 7th edition McGraw Hill Turbomeca, Gas turbine engines, The English Book Store, New Delhi, 1993. Ujited Technologies Pratt & Whitney, Aircraft Gas turnine engine and its operation, The English Book Store, New Delhi, 1993. 426 608 OBJECTIVE To give training on riveting, patchwork, welding and carpentry AIRCRAFT STRUCTURAL REPAIR & PRACTICES L 0 T 0 P 3 M 100

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Aircraft wood gluing Welded patch repair by TIG, MIG, PLASMA ARC. Welded patch repair by MIG Welded patch repair by plasma Arc Fabric Patch repair Riveted patch repairs. Repair of composites Repair of Sandwich panels. Sheet metal forming. Control cable inspection and repair.

MINI PROJECT

L 0

T 0

P 3

M 100

Students in a group of two or three will be assigned a mini project involving design, theoretical studies on some problems related to aerospace engineering. SEVENTH SEMESTER 426 701 1. EXPERIMENTAL STRESS ANALYSIS L 3 T 0 P 0 M 100

38

2.

EXTENSOMETERS

Mechanical, Optical Acoustical and Electrical extensometers and their uses, Advantages and disadvantages. 3. ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE STRAIN GAUGES

Principle of operation and requirements, Types and their uses, Materials for strain gauge. Calibration and temperature compensation, cross sensitivity, Rosette analysis, Wheatstone bridge and potentiometer circuits for static and dynamic strain measurements, strain indicators. 4. PHOTOELASTICITY

Two dimensional photo elasticity, Concept of light - photoelastic effects, stress optic law, Interpretation of fringe pattern, Compensation and separation techniques, Photo elastic materials. Introduction to three dimensional photo elasticity. 5. NON - DESTRUCTIVE TESTING

Fundamentals of NDT, Radiography, ultrasonic, magnetic particle inspection, Fluorescent penetrant technique, Eddy current testing, Acoustic Emission Technique, Fundamentals of brittle coating methods, Introduction to Moire techniques, Holography, ultrasonic C- Scan, Thermograph, Fiber - optic Sensors. Total No Periods: 45 TEXT BOOK:

1.

Srinath, L.S., Raghava, M.R., Lingaiah, K., Garagesha, G., Pant B., and Ramachandra, K., Experimental Stress Analysis, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1984.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2. 3.

Dally, J.W., and Riley, W.F., Experimental Stress Analysis, McGraw-Hill Inc., New York, 1998. Hetyenyi, M., Hand book of Experimental Stress Analysis, John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, 1972. Pollock A.A., Acoustic Emission in Acoustics and Vibration Progress, Ed. Stephens R.W.B, Chapman and Hall, 1993. 426 702 ROCKET AND MISSILES L 3 T 0 P 0 M 100

1.

ROCKETS SYSTEM

Ignition System in rockets - types of Igniters - Igniter Design Considerations -Design Consideration of liquid Rocket Combustion Chamber, Injector Propellant Feed Lines, Valves, Propellant Tanks Outlet and Helium Pressurized and Turbine feed Systems - Propellant Slash and Propellant Hammer - Elimination of Geysering Effect in Missiles - Combustion System of Solid Rockets.

39

2.

Airframe Components of Rockets and Missiles - Forces Acting on a Missile While Passing Through Atmosphere - Classification of Missiles - methods of Describing Aerodynamic Forces and Moments - Lateral Aerodynamic Moment - Lateral Damping Moment and Longitudinal Moment of a Rocket - lift and Drag Forces - Drag Estimation - Body Upwash and Downwash in Missiles - Rocket Dispersion - Numerical Problems. 3. ROCKET MOTION IN FREE SPACE AND GRAVITATIONAL FIELD

One Dimensional and Two Dimensional rocket Motions in Free Space and Homogeneous Gravitational Fields - description of Vertical, Inclined and Gravity Turn Trajectories - Determination of range and Altitude Simple Approximations to Burnout Velocity. 4. STAGING AND CONTROL OF ROCKETS AND MISSILES

Rocket Vector Control - Methods - Thrust determination - SITVC - Multistaging of rockets Vehicle Optimization - Stage Separation Dynamics - Separation Techniques. 5. MATERIALS FOR ROCKETS AND MISSILES

Selection of Materials - Special Requirements of Materials to Perform under Adverse Conditions. Total No Periods: 45 TEXT BOOK:

1.

Sutton, G.P., et al, Rocket Propulsion Elements, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 1993.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2. 3.

Mathur, M., and Sharma, R.P., Gas Turbines and Jet and Rocket Propulsion, Standard Publishers, New Delhi 1998. Cornelisse, J.W., Rocket Propulsion and Space Dynamics, J.W, Freeman & Co. Ltd., London, 1982. Parket, E.R., Materials for Missiles and Spacecraft, McGraw-Hill Book Co. Inc., 1982.

40

426 703 1.

L 3

T 0

P 0

M 100 10 h

Mooring, jacking, leveling and towing operation - preparation - equipment and precautions engine starting procedures -piston engines, turbo props, and turbojets -engine fire extinguishing ground poiwer units. 2. Ground servicing various sub systems: 8h

Air conditioning and pressurization - oxygen and oil systems - groud units and their maintenance. 3. Maintenance of safety shock safety - environmental cleanliness - precautions 4. Inspection: 10 h 5h

process - purpose - types - inspection intravels - techniques - checklist - special inspection publication, bulletins, various manuals - FAR air worthiness directives -types certificate data sheets ATA specifications 5. Aircraft hardware, materials, system and Practices 12 h

hand tools - precision instruments - special tools and equipments in an airplane maintenance shop - identification terminology - specification and correct use of various aircraft hardware i.e., nuts, bots, rivets and screws etc., - American and British system of specification - threads, gears, bearings etc., Drills , tapes and reamers. Identification of all types of fluid line fittings. Materials, metallic and non-metallic. Reference: 1. 2. 3. Kroes, Watkins Delp, Aircraft maintenance and repair, McGraw Hill. A & P Mechanics, Aircraft Handbook - F.A.A. Himalayan book house, New Delhi. A & P Mechanics, General Handbook - F.A.A. Himalayan book house, New Delhi

41

426 704 1.

L 3

T 0

P 0

M 100

BASIC NOTIONS

Simple harmonic motion - Terminology - Newtons Law - DAlemberts principles - Energy Method. 2. SINGLE DEGREE OF FREEDOM SYSTEMS

Free vibrations - Damped vibrations - Forced vibration, with and without damping - Support excitation - Vibration measuring instruments. 3. MULTI DEGREE OF FREEDOM SYSTEMS

Two degree of freedom system - Static & Dynamic couplings vibration absorber - Principal co-ordinates, Principal modes and orthogonal condition. Hamilton principal - Lagrangian equation and application - Vibration of elastic bodies Vibration of strings - Longitudinal, Lateral and Torsional vibration. Approximate methods to determine natural frequencies. 4. ELEMENTS OF AEROELASTICITY

Concepts - Coupling - Aeroelastic Instabilities and their prevention -Basic ideas on wing divergence, control, reversal and control further speed -Further prevention, 5. CASE STUDIES Total No Periods: 45 REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2.

Timoshenko S., Vibration Problems in Engineering - John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1983 Bisplinghott R.L., Ashely H and Hogman R.L., Aeroelasticity - Addision Wesley Publication, New York, 1983. Fug YC, An Introduction to the Theory of Aeroelasticity - John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1985. Tse. FS., Morse, LE, Hunkle, R.T, Mechanical Vibrations - Prentice Hall, New York, 1984. Scanlan R.H. & Rosenbaum R., Introduction to the Study of Aricraft Vibration & Flutter John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1982.

3.

4. 5.

42

T 0

P 0

M 100

OBJECTIVE 1. To create an awareness on Engineering Ethics and Human Values. To instill Moral and Social Values and Loyalty To appreciate the rights of Others HUMAN VALUES 10

Morals, Values and Ethics - Integrity - Work Ethic - Service Learning - Civic Virtue -Respect for Others - Living Peacefully - caring - Sharing - Honesty - Courage - Valuing Time - Co-operation Commitment - Empathy - Self-Confidence - Character -Spirituality 2. ENGINEERING ETHICS 9

Senses of Engineering Ethics - variety of moral issued - types of inquiry - moral dilemmas - moral autonomy - Kohlbergs theory - Gilligans theory - consensus and controversy - Models of Professional Roles - theories about right action - Self-interest -customs and religion - uses of ethical theories. 3. ENGINEERING AS SOCIAL EXPERIMENTATION 9

Engineering as experimentation - engineers as responsible experimenters - codes of ethics - a balanced outlook on law - the challenger case study 4. SAFETY, RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS 9

Safety and risk - assessment of safety and risk - risk benefit analysis and reducing risk -the three mile island and chernobyl case studies. Collegiality and loyalty - respect for authority - collective bargaining - confidentiality -conflicts of interest - occupational crime - professional rights - employee rights -Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) - discrimination. 5. GLOBAL ISSUES 8

Multinational corporations - Environmental ethics - computer ethics - weapons development engineers as managers-consulting engineers-engineers as expert witnesses and advisors -moral leadership-sample code of Ethics like ASME, ASCE, IEEE, Institution of Engineers (India), Indian Institute of Materials Management, Institution of electronics and telecommunication engineers (IETE), India, etc. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS

1.

Mike Martin and Roland Schinzinger, Ethics in Engineering, McGraw-Hill, New York 1996.

43

2.

Govindarajan M, Natarajan S, Senthil Kumar V. S, Engineering Ethics, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2004.

REFERENCES

1.

Charles D. Fleddermann, Engineering Ethics, Pearson Education / Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 2004 (Indian Reprint now available). Charles E Harris, Michael S. Protchard and Michael J Rabins, Engineering Ethics - Concepts and Cases, Wadsworth Thompson Leatning, United States, 2000 (Indian Reprint now available) John R Boatright, Ethics and the Conduct of Business, Pearson Education, New Delhi, 2003. Edmund G Seebauer and Robert L Barry, Fundamentals of Ethics for Scientists and Engineers, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2001. 426 708 AIRCRAFT DESIGN PROJECT L 0 T 0 P 3 M 100

2.

3.

4.

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

Comparative configuration study of different types of airplanes Comparative study on specification and performance details of aircraft Preparation of comparative data sheets Work sheet layout procedures Comparative graphs preparation and selection of main parameters for the design Preliminary weight estimations, selection of main parameters, Power plant selection, Aerofoil selection, Wing tail and control surfaces Preparation of layouts of balance diagram and three view drawings Drag estimation Detailed performance calculations and stability estimates V-n diagram for the design study Gust and maneuverability envelopes Critical loading performance and final V-n graph calculation Structural design study - Theory approach Load estimation of wings Load estimation of fuselage. Balancing and Maneuvering loads on tail plane, Aileron and Rudder loads. Detailed structural layouts Design of some components of wings, fuselage Preparation of a detailed design report with CAD drawings. Total No Periods: 60

44

AVIONICS LABORATORY

L 0

T 0

P 3

M 50

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

DIGITAL ELECTRONICS 1. 2. 3. 4. Addition/Subtraction of binary numbers. Multiplexer / Demultiplexer Circuits. Encoder/Decoder Circuits. Timer Circuits, Shift Registers, Binary Comparator Circuits.

MICROPROCESSORS 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Addition and Subtraction of 8-bit and 16-bit numbers. Sorting of Data in Ascending & Descending order. Sum of a given series with and without carry. Greatest in a given series & Multi-byte addition in BCD mode. Interface programming with 4 digit 7 segment Display & Switches & LEDs. 16 Channel Analog to Digital Converter & Generation of Ramp, Square, Triangular wave by Digital to Analog Converter.

AVIONICS DATA BUSES 11. 12. 13. Study of Different Avionics Data Buses. MIL-Std - 1553 Data Buses Configuration with Message transfer. MIL-Std - 1553 Remote Terminal Configuration.

L 0

T 0

P 3

M 50

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Aircraft Jacking Up procedure Aircraft Levelling procedure Control System Rigging check procedure Aircraft Symmetry Check procedure Flow test to assess of filter element clogging Pressure Test To assess hydraulic External/Internal Leakage Functional Test to adjust operating pressure Pressure Test procedure on fuel system components Brake Torque Load Test on wheel brake units Maintenance and rectification of snags in hydraulic and fuel systems. Total No Periods: 60

45

EIGHTH SEMESTER

426 801 PROJECT WORK & VIVA VOCE L 0 T 0 P 12 M 400

The objective of the project work is to enable the students in convenient groups of not more than 4 members on a project involving theoretical and experimental studies related to the branch of study. Every project work shall have a guide who is the member of the faculty of the institution. Six periods per week shall be allotted in the time table and this time shall be utilized by the students to receive the directions from the guide, on library reading, laboratory work, computer analysis or field work as assigned by the guide and also to present in periodical seminars on the progress made in the project. Each student shall finally produce a comprehensive report covering back round information, literature survey, problem statement, project work details and conclusion. This final report shall be typewritten form as specified in the guidelines.

426 802

L 0

T 0

P 12

M 200

The objective of comprehension is to provide opportunity for the student to apply the knowledge acquired during the earlier semesters to real life problems which he / she may have to face in future as an engineer. While learning as how to solve the real life problems, student will receive guidance from the faculty and also review various courses learnt earlier.

46

426 6E1 1. FINITE ELEMENT METHOD L 3 T 0 PM 0 100

INTRODUCTION

Review of Basic Analysis - Stiffness and Flexibility Matrix for Simple Cases -Governing Equation and Convergence Criteria of Finite Element Method. 2. DISCRETE ELEMENTS Bar, Frame, Beam Elements - Application to Static, Dynamic and Stability Analysis. 3. CONTINUUM ELEMENTS

Various Types of 2D elements, Applications to Plane Stress, Plane Strain and Axisymmetric Problems. Consistent and Lumped Formulation. 4. ISOPARAMETRIC ELEMENTS Application to Two and Three Dimensional Problems. Numerical Integration. 5. COMPUTER IMPLEMENTATION AND FIELD PROBLEM

Computer Implementation for Assembly of Element Matrices and Solution Procedure. Application to other Field Problem like Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow. Total No Periods: 45 REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2. 3. 4.

Segerlind.LJ., Applied Finite Element Analysis, John Wiley and Sons, INC., New York, 1991. Desai.C.S. and AbelJ. F., An Introduction into Finite Element Method, affiliated East-West Press Pvt.Ltd., New Delhi, 1987. Krishnamoorhty.C.S., Finite Element Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill, 1987. Bathe. KJ. and Wilson. E.L., Numerical Methods in Finite Element Analysis, Prentice Hall of India, 1985

426 6E2 1.

L 3

T 0

P 0

M 100

Introduction- Advantages and application of composite materials, reinforcements and matrices - Generalised Hookes Law - Elastic constants for anisotropic, orthotropic and isotropic materials. 2. METHODS OF ANALYSIS

Micro mechanics - Mechanics of materials approach, elasticity approach to determine material properties - Macro Mechanics - Stress-strain relations with respect to natural axis, arbitrary

47

Governing differential equation for a general laminate, angle ply and cross ply laminates. Failure criteria for composites. 4. SANDWICH CONSTRUCTIONS

Basic design concepts of sandwich construction -Materials used for sandwich construction Failure modes of sandwich panels. 5. FABRICATION PROCESS

Various Open and closed mould processes. Manufacture of fibers - Types of resins and properties and applications - Netting analysis. Total No Periods: 45 TEXT BOOK: Calcote, L R. The Analysis of laminated Composite Structures, Von - Noastrand Reinhold Company, New York 1998. Jones, R.M., Mechanics of Composite Materials, McGraw-Hill, Kogakusha Ltd., Tokyo, 1985. REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2.

Agarwal, B.D., and Broutman, L.J., Analysis and Performance of Fibre Composites, John Wiley and sons. Inc., New York, 1995. Lubin, G., Handbook on Advanced Plastics and Fibre Glass, Von Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York, 1989.

426 6E3 1.

L 3

T 0

P 0

M 100

LINEAR PROGRAMMING

Introduction to O.R. Linear Programming - Formulation of L.P. problems -Solution by graphical method, simplex method, big m method -Transportation problem - Northwest corner method - Vogels approximation method - MODI method, Assignment problems. 2. RESOURCES SCHEDULING&NETWORK ANALYSIS

Problem of Sequencing - Problem with N jobs and 2 machines, 3 machines and M machines. Network Analysis - Basic concepts - Network construction and scheduling, Program evaluation and resource leveling by network techniques, time -Cost trade off. 3. INVENTORY CONTROL & QUEUING THEORY

Inventory Control - Various costs - Problem of Inventory control, deterministic inventory models - Production model - EOQ - Buffer stock - Shortage and quantity discount, probabilistic inventory models - Safety stock. Queuing theory - Poisson arrivals and exponential service times,

48

Single channel models and Multi Channel Models. 4. NON - LINEAR PROGRAMMING AND SEARCH TECHNIQUES:

General non-linear programming problem - Problem of constrained maxima and minima Saddle point - Khun-Tucker conditions, - One dimensional optimization -Search methods Exhaustive search, Interval halving method - Golden section method (without derivation) 5. SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND SIMULATION:

System - Definition - Hierarchy - Types - Elements, Systems engineering -Systems analysis Steps involved in system Analysis and Design. Simulation - Basic concepts - Advantages and disadvantages - Random number generation and testing Monte-Carlo simulation. Total No Periods: 45 REFERENCE BOOKS

1. 2.

Hamdy Taha, Operation Research - PHI, 5th Edn., 1995 Mital K.V. and Mohan. C, Optimization Methods in O.R and System Analysis -New Age International Publishers. Narsingh Deo, System Simulation with Digital Computers, PHI. Rao.S.S., Engineering Optimization - New Age International (P) Ltd., Kanti Swarup, Gupta. P.K., & Manmohan., Operations Research - S. Chand & Sons.

3. 4. 5.

L 3

T 0

P 0

M 100

Introduction - Real and Perfect Fluids - Viscosity - Compressibility - Principle of Similarity Reynolds and Mach numbers - Comparison between the theory of perfect fluids and experiment - The boundary layer concept - Separation and vortex formation -Turbulent flow in a pipe and in a boundary layer. 2. FUNDAMEBTAL EQUATION OF VISCOUS FLOW

Equation of motion - Equation of continuity - General stress system in a deformable body General strain system - in a solid body (Hookes Law) - Relation between stress and strain rate system in liquids and gases (Strokes Law) - The Navier Strokes Equation - General Properties of Navier Strokes Equation - Interpretation as vorticity transport equation - Limiting cases of very large and very small Reynolds number. 3. SOLUTIONS OF EQUATION OF VISCOUS FLOW

Exact solutions of Navier Strokes Equations - Two dimensional flow, flow through a straight channel, Hagen Poiseulle Flow - Suddenly accelerated plane wall -Flow near a rotating disk - Very slow motion; Parallel flow past a sphere - Theory of lubrication.

49

4.

Boundary Layer Equations - Physical properties of BL equations - Skin friction - BL along at flat plate - Effect of Reynolds number on BL characteristics - Condition of compatibility at the wall Similar solutions of BL equations - Flow past a wedge and circular cylinder - Momentum and energy Integral equations - Von Karman and Polhausens method for two dimensional flows. 5. TURBULENT BOUNDARY LAYER EQUQTIONS

Transition - Method of small disturbances - Stability theory and experimental verification Fundamentals turbulent flow - Mean motions and fluctuations - Apparent turbulent stresses Calculation of turbulent flows - Prandls mixing length theory -Taylors vorticity transfer theory Karmans similarity hypothesis - Turbulent flow through pipes and equivalent sand roughness - Skin friction drag of smooth flat plate from 1/7 th and logarithmic velocity distribution - Wake behind a single two dimensional body. Total No Periods: 45 REFERENCE BOOKS:

1.

Schlischting H, Boundary Layer Theory, Edn.4 - McGraw Hill Book Co., Inc. New York, 1962. Frank M.White, Viscous Fluid Flow, Edn.2 - McGraw Hill Inc. New York. Frederic S.Sherman, Viscous Flow - McGraw Hill Book Co., Inc. New York, 1990. Ronald L.Panton, Incompressible Flow - John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1984. Muralidhar K and Biswas G,.Advanced Engineering Fluid Mechanics - Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, 1996.

2. 3. 4. 5.

CRYOGENIC ENGINEERING

L 3

T 0

P 0

M 100

Historical Background - Introduction to Cryogenic Propellants - Liquid Hydrogen, Liquid Nitrogen, Liquid Helium, Liquid Oxygen and their Properties. Production of Low Temperature: Theory behind the production of low temperature - Expansion engine heat exchangers Cascade process - Joule Thomson effect - Magnetic effect - Ortho and Para H2 - Helium 4 and Helium 3 Efficiency of Cryogenics Systems: Types of losses and efficiency of cycles - Specific amount of cooling - The fraction liquefied - Cooling coefficient of performance - Thermodynamic efficiency -The energy balance method.

50

Cycles of Cryogenic Plants: Classification of cryogenics cycles - The structure of cycles - Throttle expansion devices Expander cycles - Mixed throttle - Expansion and expander cycles -Thermodynamic analysis Numerical Problems. Cryogenics in Aerospace Applications: Cryogenics liquid in missile launching and space simulation - Storage of cryogenic liquids Effect of cryogenic liquids on properties of Aerospace materials -cryogenic loading problems - Zero gravity problems associated with cryogenic propellants - Phenomenon of tank collapse - Elimination of geysering effect in missiles. Reference Books:

1. 2. 3.

HASELDOM G.,Cryogenic Fundamentals - Academy Press, 1971. BARRON R.F., Cryogenic system - Oxford University, 1985. SARNER S.F., Propellant Chemistry - Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, 1985.

426 6E6

L 3

T 0

P 0

M 100

1.

HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT

Definition of Management - Science or Art - Management and Administration -Development of Management Thought - Contribution of Taylor and Fayol - Functions of Management - Types of Business Organisation. 2. PLANNING

Nature & Purpose - Steps involved in Planning - Objectives - Setting Objectives -Process of Managing by Objectives - Strategies, Policies & Planning Premises-Forecasting - Decision-making. 3. ORGANISING

Nature and Purpose - Formal and informal organization - Organization Chart -Structure and Process - Departmentation by difference strategies - Line and Staff authority - Benefits and Limitations - De-Centralization and Delegation of Authority -Staffing - Selection Process Techniques - HRD - Managerial Effectiveness. 4. DIRECTING

Scope - Human Factors - Creativity and Innovation - Harmonizing Objectives -Leadership Types of Leadership Motivation - Hierarchy of needs - Motivation theories - Motivational Techniques - Job Enrichment - Communication - Process of Communication - Barriers and Breakdown - Effective Communication - Electronic media in Communication.

51

5.

CONTROLLING

System and process of Controlling - Requirements for effective control - The Budget as Control Technique - Information Technology in Controlling - Use of computers in handling the information - Productivity - Problems and Management -Control of Overall Performance - Direct and Preventive Control - Reporting - The Global Environment - Globalization and Liberalization International Management and Global theory of Management. Total No Periods: 60 TEXT BOOK:

1. 2.

Harold Kooritz & Heinz Weihrich Essentials of Management, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1998 Joseph L Massie Essentials of Management, Prentice Hall of India, (Pearson) Fourth Edition, 2003.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2. 3. 4.

Tripathy PC And Reddy PN, Principles of Management, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1999. Decenzo David, Robbin Stephen A, Personnel and Human Reasons Management, Prentice Hall of India, 1996 JAF Stomer, Freeman R. E and Daniel R Gilbert, Management, Pearson Education, Sixth Edition, 2004. Fraidoon Mazda, Engineering Management, Addison Wesley, 2000.

52

426 7E1 1. HELICOPTER AERODYNAMICS L 3 T 0 P 0 M 100

Configuration based on Torque Reaction - Jet Rotors and Compound Helicopters - Method of Control - Collective and Cyclic Pitch Changes - Lead - Lag and Flapping Hinges. 2. IDEAL ROTOR THEORY

Hovering performance - Momentum and Simple Blade Element Theories -Figure of Merit Profile and Induced Power Estimation - Constant Chord and Ideal Twist Rotors. 3. POWER ESTIMATES

Induced, Profile and Parasite Power requirements in Forward Flight -Performance Curves with Effects of Altitude - Preliminary Ideas on Helicopter Stability. 4. LIFT, PROPULSION AND CONTROL OF V/STOL AIRCRAFT

Various Configuration - Propeller, Rotor, Ducted Fan and Jet Lift - Tilt Wing and Vectored Thrust - Performance of VTOL and STOL Aircraft in Hover, Transition and Forward Motion. 5. GROUND EFFECT MACHINES

Types - Hover Height, Lift Augmentation and Power Calculation for Plenum Chamber and Peripheral Jet Machine - Drag of Hovercraft on Land and Water. Application of Hovercraft. Total No Periods: 45 REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Gessow, .A., Aerodynamics of Helicopter , MacMillan &co., N.Y., 1987. McCormick, B.W., Aerodynamics of V/STOL Flight, Academic Press, 1987. Johnson, .W., Helicopter Theory, Princeton University Press, 1980. McCormick, B.W., Aerodynamics , Aeronautics and Flight Mechanics, John Wiley, 1995. Gupta, L., Helicopter Engineering, Himalayan Books, 1996.

426 7E2 1.

INDUSTRIAL AERODYNAMICS

L 3

T 0

P 0

M 100

ATMOSPHERE

Types of Winds, Causes of Variation of Winds, Atmospheric Boundary Layer, Effect of Terrain on Gradient Height. 2. WIND ENERGY COLLECTORS AND FLOW MACHINERY

Horizontal Axis and Vertical Axis Machines, Power Coefficient, Betz Coefficient by Momentum Theory. Special Features of Industrial and Stationary Gas Turbines as Compared to Aircraft Gas Turbines.

53

3.

VEHICLE AERODYNAMICS

Power Requirements and Drag Coefficient of Automobiles, Effect of Cut Back Angle, Aerodynamics of Trains and Hovercraft. 4. BUILDING AERODYNAMICS

Pressure Distribution on Low Rise Buildings, Wind forces on buildings, Environmental Winds in City Blocks, Special Problems of Tall Buildings, Buildings Codes, Buildings Ventilation and Architectural Areodynamics. 5. FLOW INDUCED VIBRATIONS

Effects of Reynolds Number on Wake Formation of Bluff Shapes, Vortex Induced Vibrations, Galloping and Stall Flutter. Total No Periods: 45 REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Scorer, R.S., Environmental Aerodynamics, Ellis Harwood Ltd., England, 1978. Sovran, M.; Environmental Aerodynamic Drag Mechanisms of Bluff Bodies and Road Vehicles, Plenum Press, N.Y., 1978. Sachs. P., Wind Forces In Engineering, Pergamon Press, 1988. Blevins, R.D., Flow Induced Vibrations, Van Nostrand. 1990. Calvert, N.G., Wind Power Principles, Charles Griffin & Co., London, 1979.

426 7E3 1.

L 3

T 0

P 0

M 100

PRINCIPLES OF MODEL TESTING Buckingham Theorem - Non Dimensional Numbers - Scale Effect of Similarites.

2.

WIND TUNNELS

Classification - Special Problems of Testing in Subsonic, Transonic, Supersonic and Hypersonic Speed Regions - Layouts - Sizing and Design Parameters. 3. CALIBRATION OF WIND TUNNELS

Test Section Speed Horizontal Buoyancy Flow Angularities - Turbulence Measurements - Associated Instrumentation - Calibration of Supersonic Tunnels. 4. WIND TUNNEL MEASUREMENTS

Pressure and Velocity Measurements - Force Measurements - Three Component and Six Component Balances - Internal Balances, 5. FLOW VISUALIZATION Smoke and Tuft Grid Techniques - Dye Injection Special Techniques - Optical Methods of

54

1. 2.

Pope, A., and Goin, L., High Speed Wind Tunnel Testing, John Wiley, 1985. Rae, W.H., and Pope, A., Low Speed Wind Tunnel Testing, John Wiley Publication, 1984.

426 7E4 1.

AVIONICS

L 3

T 0

P 0

M 100

INTRODUCTION TO AVIONICS

Need for Avionics in civil and military aircraft and space systems - Integrated Avionics and Weapon system - Typical avionics sub systems - Design and Technologies. 2. PRINCIPLES OF DIGITAL SYSTEMS Digital Computers - Microprocessors - Memories 3. DIGITAL AVIONICS ARCHITECTURE Avionics system architecture-Data buses MIL-STD 1553 B-ARINC 429-ARINC 629. 4. FLIGHT DECK AND COCKPITS

Control and display technologies CRT, LED, LCD, EL and plasma panel - Touch screen Direct voice input (DVI) - Civil cockpit and military cockpit : MFDS, HUD, MFK, HOTAS 5. INTRODUCTION TO AVIONICS SYSTEMS

Communication Systems - Navigation systems - Flight control systems - Radar electronic warfare - Utility systems Reliability and maintainability - Certification. Total No Periods: 45 TEXT BOOK:

1. 2.

Malvino A.P. and Leach, D.P., Digital Principles and Application, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1990. Gaonkar, R.S., Microprocessors Architecture - Programming and Application, Wiley and Sons Ltd., New Delhi, 1990.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2. 3.

Middleton, D.H., Ed., Avionics Systems, Longman Scientific and Technical, Longman Group UK Ltd., England, 1989. Spitzer, C.R., Digital Avionic Systems, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., USA., 1987. Brain Kendal, Manual of Avionics, The English Book House, 3rd Edition, New Delhi, 1993. 426 7E5 COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING L T P M

55

100

The meaning and origin of CIM- the changing manufacturing and management scene External communication - islands of automation and software-dedicated and open systemsmanufacturing automation protocol - product related activities of a company- marketing engineering production planning - plant operations - physical distribution- business and financial management. 2. GROUP TECHNOLOGY AND COMPUTER AIDED PROCESS PLANNING

History of group technology- role of G.T. in CAD/CAM integration - part families classification and coding - DCLASS and MICLASS and OPITZ coding systems-facility design using G.T. - benefits of G.T. - cellular manufacturing. Process planning - role of process planning in CAD/CAM integration - approaches to computer aided process planning - variant approach and generative approaches - CAPP and CMPP process planning systems. 3. SHOP FLOOR CONTROL AND INTRODUCTION OF FMS

Shop floor control-phases - factory data collection system -automatic identification methodsBar code technology-automated data collection system. FMS-components of FMS - types -FMS workstation -material handling and storage systems- FMS layout -computer control systemsapplication and benefits. 4. CIM IMPLEMENTATION AND DATA COMMUNICATION

CIM and company strategy - system modeling tools - IDEF models - activity cycle diagram CIM open system architecture (CIMOSA)- manufacturing enterprise wheel-CIM architecture- Product data management-CIM implementation software. Communication fundamentals- local area networks -topology -LAN implementations -network management and installations. 5. OPEN SYSTEM AND DATABASE FOR CIM

Open systems-open system inter connection - manufacturing automations protocol and technical office protocol (MAP /TOP) Development of databases -database terminology- architecture of database systems-data modeling and data associations -relational data bases - database operators - advantages of data base and relational database. Total No Periods: 45 TEXT BOOK:

1.

Systems

and

Computer

Integrated

REFERENCE BOKS:

56

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Yorem koren, Computer Integrated Manufacturing System, McGraw-Hill, 1983. Ranky, Paul G., Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Prentice Hall International, 1986. David D.Bedworth, Mark R.Hendersan, Phillip M.Wolfe Computer Integrated Design and Manufacturing, McGraw-Hill Inc. Roger Hanman Computer Intergrated Manufacturing, Addison - Wesley, 1997. Mikell.P.Groover and Emory Zimmers Jr., CAD/CAM, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi-1, 1998. Kant Vajpayee S, Principles of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Prentice Hall India, 2003. Radhakrishnan P, Subramanyan S.and Raju V., CAD/CAM/CIM, 2 nd Edition New Age International (P) Ltd., New Delhi, 2000.

426 7E6

L 3

T 0

P 0

M 100

1.

INTRODUCTION

Definition of Quality, Dimensions of Quality, Quality Planning, Quality costs -Analysis Techniques for Quality Costs, Basic concepts of Total Quality Management, Historical Review, Principles of TQM, Leadership - Concepts, Role of Senior Management, Quality Council, Quality Statements, Strategic Planning, Deming Philosophy, Barriers to TQM Implementation. 2. TQM PRINCIPLES

Customer satisfaction - Customer Perception of Quality, Customer Complaints, Service Quality, Customer Retention, Employee Involvement - Motivation, Empowerment, Teams, Recognition and Reward, Performance Appraisal, Benefits, Continuous Process Improvement - Juran Trilogy, PDSA Cycle, 5S, Kaizen, Supplier Partnership - Partnering, sourcing, Supplier Selection, Supplier Rating, Relationship Development, Performance Measures - Basic Concepts, Strategy, Performance Measure. 3. STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL (SPC)

The seven tools of quality, Statistical Fundamentals - Measures of central Tendency and Dispersion, Population and Sample, Normal Curve, Control Charts for variables and attributes, Process capability, Concept of six sigma, New seven Management tools. 4. TQM TOOLS

Benchmarking - Reasons to Benchmark, Benchmarking Process, Quality Function Deployment (QFD) - House of Quality, QFD Process, Benefits, Taguchi Quality Loss Function, Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) - Concept, Improvement Needs, FMEA - Stages of FMEA. 5. QUALITY SYSTEMS

Need for ISO 9000 and Other Quality Systems, ISO 9000:2000 Quality System -Elements, Implementation of Quality System, Documentation, Quality Auditing, TS 16949, ISO 14000 -

57

1.

Dale H.Besterfiled, et al., Total Quality Management, Pearson Education, Inc. 2003. (Indian reprint 2004). ISBN 81-297-0260-6.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

James R.Evans & William M.Lidsay, The Management and Control of Quality, (5 th Edition), South-Western (Thomson Learning), 2002 (ISBN 0-324-06680-5). Feigenbaum.A.V. Total Quality Management, McGraw-Hill, 1991. OaklandJ.S. Total Quality Management, Butterworth Hcinemann Ltd., Oxford, 1989. Narayana V. and Sreenivasan, N.S. Quality Management - Concepts and Tasks, New Age International 1996. Zeiri. Total Quality Management for Engineers, Wood Head Publishers, 1991.

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