Madhusūdana Sarasvatī - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Madhusūdana Sarasvatī
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

(Redirected from Madhusudana Saraswati) Madhusūdana Sarasvatī (c.1540–1640) was an Indian philosopher in the Advaita Vedānta tradition. He was the disciple of viSveSvara sarasvatI and mAdhava sarasvatI, and is the most celebrated name in the annals of the great dvaita-advaita debate. His Advaitasiddhi is a classic work, and most Advaita teachers maintain that all the logical issues raised by the dvaita school of AnandatIrtha have been sufficiently answered by Madhusūdana.

Madhusūdana Sarasvatī
Born Died Philosophy 1540 CE Bengal, India 1640 CE Bengal, India Advaita Vedānta philosopher

Contents
1 Birth and Education 2 Journey from Dvaita to Advaita 3 Works 3.1 List of Works 3.2 Quotes on Madhusudana Saraswati 3.3 Follower of Bhakti Yoga 4 Relation with Akbar 5 Sources and further reading

Birth and Education
Madhusūdana was born in Bengal, and originally called Kamalanayana. He was educated in the Navya-Nyāya tradition, but became an Advaita sannyāsin, and moved to Varanasi in order to study Advaita.

Journey from Dvaita to Advaita
According to a story, MadhusUdana SarasvatI is said to have really gone to Navadvipa to meet Chaitanya, the great devotee of Krishna. But the MahAprabhu was no longer staying in NavadvIpa. So MadhusUdana turned his attention to studying Nyaya in the flourishing Navya Nyaya school. He studied works of Udayana such as the laxaNAvalI, the tattva-chintAmaNi of Gangesha and its commentaries. Soon MadhusUdana was recognized as a foremost scholar in Nyaya. He was also said to have been influenced by the wave of bhakti sweeping across Bengal due to Chaitanya. One story mentions that MadhusUdana had, at that time, accepted the bheda-vAda, the doctrine of difference. The realism of Nyaya seemed to provide a logical basis to bheda. He soon became keen on "disproving" advaita using

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is as much an opponent of the advaitin in debates as other realists such as the dvaitins.Wikipedia. of which five were commentaries (on the Bhagavadgīta.org/details /SrimadBhagavadGita. Note also that the naiyAyika.Sarasvati) [6] (http://www.With. the rest are poems. Rama-tIrtha.by. Regardless of whether these stories are true or not. But as MadhusUdana studied Advaita more and more. who is a realist to the core.by.archive. since he had not done an in-depth study of Advaita with the intention of learning the details of Advaita Vedanta in order to disprove them. Madhusūdana also wrote at least nine other works.org) Advaita-manjari Advaita-ratna-raksana Atma-bodha-tika Ananda-madakini Prasthanabheda [3] (http://www.Commentaries) Vedanta-kalpa-latika [5] (http://www.wikipedia. but the authorship of the remaining two is doubtful. nineteen books are undoubtedly his.Sarasvati) [2] (http://www.archive. Twelve of his books are on philosophy.Sarasvati) Bhagavad-gita-gudhartha-dipika[4] (http://www.archive. and others). RAma tIrtha is said to have asked MadhusUdana to accept sannyAsa as the prAyashchitta. he proceeded to the sacred city of Varanasi. which opposes the Dvaita Vedānta positions and arguments in Vyāsatīrtha's work Nyāyāmŗta.org/details/Advaita. The philosophical books include commentaries. part of the Bhāgavatapurāņa.Kalpalatika.com/search/label /!दा$तक'पल*तका) Sastra-siddhanta-lesa-tika Samksepa-sariraka-sara-samgraha Siddhanta-tatva-bindu[7] (http://www.org/details/Prasthanabheda. vedAntakalpalatikA. But at the time. of which the largest and most respected is the Advaitasiddhi. that he had originally come to study Advaita in order to refute it and whether there was there any prAyashchitta for him.Siddhi.Madhusudana.lalitaalaalitah. MadhusUdana was more interested in defending advaita and tackling the exegetical (interpretation of Vedanta) aspects. plays and miscellaneous themes. and the justly famous siddhAntabindu on SankarAcArya's daSaSlokI. List of Works Advaita-siddhi [1] (http://www.the. he became convinced of the veracity of Advaita. he studied Vedanta under RAma-tIrtha. There.Madhusudhana.advaitasiddhi. all involving the defence and exposition of Advaita Vedānta. the free encyclopedia http://en.org/details /Vedanta. He wrote the ISvarapratipatti-prakASa.org/details 2 of 4 9/20/12 7:14 PM .org/wiki/Madhusudana_Saraswati all his skills in logic.Madhusūdana Sarasvatī . it is true that a reading of the advaita-siddhi shows that MadhusUdana was enormously skilled in dealing with logic and dialectics.archive. Of them. A total of twenty-one books have been ascribed to Madhusūdana.Madhusudana.by. sArasangraha on sarvajnAtman's samkshepaSArIraka. Works Madhusūdana wrote a number of works. He later confessed to his Guru.archive.

स*0या) Veda-stuti-tika Asta-vikriti-vivarana Rajanam-prtibodha Isvara-pratipatti-prakasa[9] (http://www.Sarasvati. An oft quoted verse regarding him is.lalitaalaalitah.स-दनसर?वती ” Meaning: (Only) the Goddess of Learning. MadhusUdana sarasvatI is a towering giant among advaitins. MathurAnAtha tarkavAgIsha (who was the foremost navya naiyAyika during those times) trembled (with fear) and GadAdhara (another logician of great repute) became afraid.Commentaries) Pramahamsa-priya [8] (http://www. Just like Appayya Dikshita. madhusūdana bridged the sAtvata school of Pancaratra Vaishnavism 3 of 4 9/20/12 7:14 PM .of.स-दनवा/पतौ चक5% तक6वागीशः कातरोऽभ->दाधरः ” Meaning: When MadhusUdana.स-दनसर?व@याः पारA BिD सर?वती पारA BिD सर?व@याः मध.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madhusudana_Saraswati /Siddhantabindu.with. “ मध. A few words about the authors. Sarasvati knows the limits of (knowledge of) Madhusūdana Sarasvati. And Madhusūdana Sarasvati knows the limits of (knowledge of) Goddess Sarasvati.Madhusudana.Madhusūdana Sarasvatī . the master of speech. the center for learning in Nyaya Shastra.lalitaalaalitah.com/search/label/ई3र0*तपि50काशः) Bhagavata-bhakti-rasayana Bhagavata-purana-prathamasloka-vakhya Krishna-kutuhala-nataka Bhakti-samanya-nirupana Sandilya-sutra-tika Hari-lila-vakhya Quotes on Madhusudana Saraswati Madhusūdana was so accomplished in Navya Nyaya (New logic) techniques that the following verse is quoted about him when he visited Navadvipa.Wikipedia. “ नव#ी% समाया* मध. the free encyclopedia http://en. Follower of Bhakti Yoga Madhusūdana sarasvatI was a great devotee of Lord krishna. who integrated Sivadvaita into advaita vedanta. came to navadvIpa.com/search/label/परमह.

in order to form a group of martially trained ascetics to protect the people. ISBN 0-631-22967-1) Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. This most probably reflects historical fact. He led many symposia attended by both Hindu sādhus and Muslim mullāhs. who thus forms a crucial link between Advaita Vedanta and many vaishNava sects in the north.Madhusūdana Sarasvatī . Arrington [ed. madhusUdana initiated large numbers of sannyasins from kshatriya and vaishya communities to the dasanami orders.org/wiki/Madhusudana_Saraswati and Advaita Vedanta philosophy. Potter. 4 of 4 9/20/12 7:14 PM . the son of vallabhacharya of the Suddhadvaita school. were a component of almost every Rajput army in Northern India. Oxford: Blackwell. Armed nAga sannyAsin warriors. a non-profit organization. History of Philosophy Eastern and Western: Volume One (George Allen & Unwin. tracing their origins to madhusūdana sarasvatI. studied under madhusūdana sarasvatI. 2001.php?title=Madhusūdana_Sarasvatī&oldid=485005712" Categories: Hindu philosophy stubs Advaitin philosophers Bengali people This page was last modified on 1 April 2012 at 15:24. 1952) Retrieved from "http://en. A Companion to the Philosophers. till fairly recent times. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation.].. "Madhusūdana Sarasvatī" (in Robert L.org/w/index.wikipedia. and was a friend of the poet Tulsīdās.Wikipedia. the free encyclopedia http://en. although he salutes Adi Sankara and Suresvara in the most reverential terms. Relation with Akbar Madhusūdana Sarasvatī gained as a patron the Emperor Akbar. Tradition also recounts that viTThaleSa. It is said that on Akbar's suggestion.wikipedia. additional terms may apply. Sources and further reading Karl H. It is also interesting to note that madhusUdana boldly differs from Adi Sankara in some of his interpretations of the Brahma Sutras and the gItA. et al. [edd]. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Inc. and affiliated with the daSanAmI akhADas. See Terms of use for details.

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