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**PRETEST in SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 1V
**

Name: _____________________________________________ Score: ____________________ Yr. & Section: _______________________________________ Mrs. Edna Mae C. David - Cruz DIRECTION: Each question in the test is followed by four choices for an answer. Read each question and decide which the best answer is. Encircle the letter of the best answer. 1 Which one of the following combinations contains one SCALAR and one VECTOR quantity? A. momentum & force B. displacement & acceleration C. potential difference & electric field strength D. resistance & electric current Which one of the following pairs consists of two vector quantities? A. time, acceleration B. velocity, displacement C. electric field strength, charge D. momentum, kinetic energy A boy throws a ball vertically upwards as shown. What is the displacement of the ball when it returns to its starting point? A. 0 m B. 5 m C. 5 m upwards then 5 m downwards D. 10 m

2

3

4

Using a stopwatch, Tom measured the time for a motor car to pass through 2 streetlights. The reading was 1.2 s. If the reaction time of Tom is 0.2 s, what is the maximum possible percentage error of his measurement? A. 8.33% B. 16.7% C. 33.3 % D. 66.7% Which of the following statements is incorrect? A. All scalar quantities have direction. B. All scalar quantities have magnitude. C. All vector quantities have magnitude. D. All vector quantities have direction. One person can run 400m in 55s and another can run the same distance in 58s. If they run together, the distance the faster runner beat the slower runner is A. 21m B. 22 m C. 23 m D. 24 m. Which of the following figure is stable? A.

5

6

7

B.

C.

D.

8

Which object has the greatest inertia? A. a 15-kg mass travelling at 5.0 m/s C. a 10.-kg mass travelling at 5.0 m/s Scalar is to vector as A. speed is to velocity C. displacement is to velocity

B. a 10.-kg mass travelling at 10. m/s D. a 5.0-kg mass travelling at 15 m/s

9

B. displacement is to distance D. speed is to distance

a cart rolling down a frictionless incline C. What happens to the magnitude of the acceleration and the speed of the rock as it falls? [Neglect friction. (1) only B. Both acceleration and speed remain the same.0° incline Balls A and B are thrown vertically upwards and downwards respectively. (3) only C.10 Which situation describes an object that has no unbalanced force acting on it? A. a satellite moving around Earth in a circular orbit B. Both acceleration and speed increase. (1) and (3) only 11 12 In the following figure. A. Acceleration increases and speed decreases. D. a satellite orbiting Earth C. an apple falling freely toward the surface of Earth D. a laboratory cart moving down a frictionless 30. an apple in free fall B. Acceleration remains the same and speed increases. C. B. Which body is in equilibrium? A. a ball runs on a smooth rail from P to Q. (3) Their accelerations should be the same. (2) Their speeds should be the same. a hockey puck moving at constant velocity across ice D. (1) and (2) only D. Which of the following graphs best represents the variation of the distance d travelled by the ball with time t? 13 A rock is dropped from a bridge. If their initial speeds are the same. which of the following statements is/are correct when they meet? (1) Their displacements should be the same. a block sliding at constant velocity across a tabletop 14 .] A.

15 m B. 60. The force that the student exerts on the floor of the elevator must be A.0 m D. The ﬁrst result occurs because: A. the lengths X. 5 m. greater than the force of the floor on the student A heavy ball is suspended as shown. less than the weight of the student when at rest B. the force is too small to move the ball B. The player does this three times in 60 seconds. A quick jerk on the lower string will break that string but a slow pull on the lower string will break the upper string. 20 m. 180 m .0 m C. The dashed line shows the trajectory in the absence of gravity. 0. 90 m D.15 A student is standing in an elevator that is accelerating downward.Z are: A. The magnitude of the player’s total displacement after running the drill is A.0-meter court and back. 10 m. 2 points MNOP correspond to the position of the projectile at one second intervals. 30. 40 m. action and reaction is operating C. 45 m C. greater than the weight of the student when at rest C. less than the force of the floor on the student D. 30 m 18 In the figure below. the ball has inertia D.0 m B. a player runs the length of the 30. a cannon-ball has been fired from a cannon Which of the following figures best shows the direction of the resultant force acting on the cannonball at different time? 19 In a drill during basketball practice.Y. If g = 10 m/s . 10 m. air friction holds the ball back 16 17 A cannon ﬁres a projectile as shown. 10 m. 20 m. 5 m.

] A. Which projectile traveled the greatest horizontal distance? [Neglect friction.0-meter-high building kicks a stone at a horizontal speed of 4. and D. 3. 2g. and time of flight for each projectile. were launched from. 5. when applied to the object. 72 m 23 As shown in the diagram below. Which diagram represents the initial velocity of the projectile that will have the largest total horizontal displacement? [Neglect air resistance. frictionless surface.10 s D.0 seconds? A. 4 N toward the right D. B C.00 meters per second. D. down . 10. B. a student standing on the roof of a 50. level ground. g. v. C. 16 N toward the right C. zero B. The acceleration of the ball at its highest point is: A.5 s 24 Four projectiles. g. A. 4 N toward the left The graph below shows the relationship between the speed and elapsed time for an object falling freely from rest near the surface of a planet.20 Four identical projectiles are launched with the same initial speed.2 s C. What additional force. C. 21 Two forces act concurrently on an object on a horizontal. C D. down C. 24 m D. 44 m C. The data table below shows the initial horizontal speed. but at various angles above the level ground.] A.] A. up D. D 25 A baseball is thrown vertically into the air. What is the total distance the object falls during the first 3. 12 m B.19 s B. as shown in the diagram below. will establish equilibrium? A. B. 12. 16 N toward the left 22 B. and returned to. A B. initial vertical speed. How much time is required for the stone to reach the level ground below? [Neglect friction.

one-half D. 15 m/s up D. which one is impossible? A. the carts have the same momentum D. A body having zero velocity and non-zero acceleration D.0 m/s up B. the velocity of the object 5s later is: A.26 Of the following situations. more than that of the lead ball B. depending on the magnitude of the applied force. 85 m/s down A heavy wooden block is dragged by a force F along a rough steel plate. Taking g = 10 m/s . I. Order the following arrangements of the wires according to the tension force of wire B. In how many hours will they meet? A. Cart B has a mass of 3 kg and is initially stationary. Upward is taken to be the positive direction. I and II tie. A body having constant velocity and variable acceleration C. II. The acceleration of the feather is: A. closer to Earth than to either of the other bodies C. 2.5 A ball is in free fall. the kinetic energy of the system is at a minimum 33 Two objects are traveling around diﬀerent circular orbits with constant speed. A body having constant acceleration and variable velocity An object is thrown vertically upward at 35 m/s. the Sun. one-fourth C. can be less or greater. III.5 B. then III D. III The center of mass of the system consisting of Earth. cart A has come to rest C. 7. cart B is still at rest B. The displacement of the ball during a short time interval is: A. II. twice Two automobiles are 150 kilometers apart and traveling toward each other. as shown below for two possible situations. zero since it ﬂoats in a vacuum A picture is to be hung from the ceiling by means of two wires. A body having velocity east and acceleration west B. II. negative during both ascent and descent D. collide as shown. 15 m/s down C.0 C. as compared with that in (i) is: A. less than that of the lead ball D. Cart A has a mass of 2 kg and is initially moving to the right. negative during ascent and positive during descent 34 35 . and the planet Mars is: A. One automobile is moving at 60 km/h and the other is moving at 40 km/h mph. having spring bumpers. positive during ascent and negative during descent B. the same as that of the lead ball C. D. closer to the Sun than to either of the other bodies B. The magnitude of F is the same for the two situations. I. A. from least to greatest. the same B. 1. 30 A. closer to Mars than to either of the other bodies D. They both have the same acceleration but object A is traveling twice as fast as object B. The magnitude of the frictional force in (ii). greater C. 1. less 2 27 28 29 A feather and a lead ball are dropped from rest in vacuum on the Moon. four times B. 2. I C. at the geometric center of the triangle formed by the three bodies Two carts (A and B). The orbit radius for object A is the orbit radius for object B. positive during both ascent and descent C. III 31 B.75 D. When the separation between the carts is a minimum: 32 A.

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