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Data Warehousing System: The primary concept of data mining concept is that the data stored for business

analysis can most effectively be accessed, by separating it from the data in the operational systems. Advantages of A Data Warehouse: More cost- effective decision making A data warehouse allows reduction of staff and computer resources required to support queries and reports against operational and production databases. This typically offers significant savings. A data warehouse also eliminates the resource drain on production system when executing long running, complex queries and reports. Better enterprise intelligence Increased quality and flexibility of enterprise analysis rises from multi-tiered data structure of data structure of a data warehouse that support data ranging from detailed transactional level to high level summary information. Guaranteed data accuracy and reliability result from ensuring that a data warehouse contains only trusted data. Enhanced customer services - An enterprise can maintain better customer relationships by correlating all customer data via a single data warehouse architecture. Business reengineering Allowing unlimited analysis of enterprise information often provide an insight into enterprise processes that may yield breakthrough ideas for reengineering those processes. Information system reengineering A data warehouse that is based upon enterprise-wide data requirements provides a cost-effective means of establishing both data standardization and operational system inter-operability. Data warehouse development can be an effective step in reengineering the enterprises legacy system.

Structure of a Data Warehouse The structure of a data warehouse is shown in the diagram below. Physical Data Warehouse Physical database in which all the data for the data warehouse are stored, along with metadata and processing logic for scrubbing, organizing, packaging and processing the detail data. Logical Data Warehouse Contains metadata, including enterprise rules and processing logic for scrubbing, organizing, packaging and processing the data, but does not contain actual data. Instead, it contains the information necessary to access the data wherever they reside. This structure is effective only when there is a single source for the data and they are known to be accurate and timely. Data Mart Data mart is a sub-set of an enterprise-wide data warehouse, which typically supports an enterprise element. As a part of iterative data warehouse development process ,an enterprise builds a series of physical data marts over-time and links them via an enterprise wide logical data warehouse or feeds them from a single physical warehouse.

Uses of a Data Warehouse: Standard reports and queries Many users of the data warehouse need to access a set of standard reports and queries. It is desirable to periodically, automatically produce a set of standard reports that are required by many different users. When these users need a particular report, they can just view the reports that has already run by the data warehouse system rather than running it themselves. This facility is particularly useful for reports that take a long time to run. Queries against Summarized Data The summary views in the data warehouse can be the object of a large majority of analysis in a data warehouse. These summary views contain predefined standard business analysis. Data Mining Interface with other Data Warehouses The data warehouse system is likely to be interfaced with other applications that use it as the source of operational system data. It may feed data to other data warehouses or small data warehouses called data marts. Data warehouse can be a better single and consistent source for data instead of the operational systems.