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Tekla Structures Basic Training

Tekla Structures 10.0 April 28, 2004
Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation

Contents

Contents ........................................................................................................................ i

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Basic Modeling ............................................................................................................ 3
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Starting Tekla Structures ...........................................................................................................3 Create a New Model – BasicModel1..........................................................................................4 Create Grids ..............................................................................................................................7 Create Plane Views Along Grid Lines........................................................................................8 Create Foundations .................................................................................................................11 Create Steel Members.............................................................................................................16 Create Concrete Members ......................................................................................................31

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TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling

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Basic Modeling

In this lesson

We will go through the basic functions of Tekla Structures: How to create a new structural 3D model, how to create grids (i.e. module lines), grid views and structural members in the model. As a result of this lesson the model will look as shown below.

1.1 Starting Tekla Structures
Starting Tekla Structures

To start Tekla Structures, click the Windows Start button. Navigate through Programs > Tekla Structures > Singleuser > Tekla Structures enu Europe. This will start Tekla Structures in European environment using English language.

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The modeling user interface is now opened. At first, most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive. When you open an existing model or create a new model, the icons and available menu options become active.

1.2 Create a New Model – BasicModel1
To start a new model, you first need to create an empty model database with a unique name. In this lesson use the name BasicModel1.
Start a new model

1.

Select File > New… from the pull-down menu or click the New model icon in the Standard toolbar to open the New model dialog box.

2.

At the lower left corner of the dialog box, Tekla Structures suggests the name New Model for the model. The full path of the model folder is shown in this field.

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TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling

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3.

Click after the folder path, for example C:\TeklaStructuresModels\ and replace the New Model name by BasicModel1. Accept the default option of Tekla Structures to Create default view and grid.

4.

Click the OK button to create the new model.

The menus and icons become activated and the model name appears in the title bar of the Tekla Structures window. Every model must have a unique name. Tekla Structures does not allow duplicate model names. Do not use special marks ( / \ ; : | ) in model names.

You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

As we had the Create default view and grid checkbox selected, Tekla Structures automatically created a grid and a view according to the saved standard view properties. The default 3D view and grid are shown below.

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Cyan dash-and-dot lines show the projections of the grids which are visible on the view plane. Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green, dashed lines. For more information, see: Help: Modeling > Getting started > Basics.
Save the model

To save the model: Select File > Save from the pull-down menu or click the Save icon in the Standard toolbar.

Remember to save your model every now and then, and always when opening another model or exiting Tekla Structures.

Tekla Structures includes also an auto save feature that backs up and saves your work automatically at set intervals. These are set in the Autosave properties dialog box obtained from the Setup > Autosave… pull-down menu. For more information on saving and auto saving, see: Help: Modeling > Getting started > Saving a model and exiting Tekla Structures Most commands of Tekla Structures are found both in menus (main or pop-up) and in toolbars (icons). In this training manual we will mainly use the pop-up menu to activate commands. There are several ways to execute commands in Tekla Structures: • • • Icons Commands in main pull-down menu Commands in pop-up menu

By default all the commands are found in pull-down menu, most of them in the icons. A pop-up menu appears when you click the right mouse button (right-click). If you have an object selected, the commands on the pop-up menu relate to that object.

For more information on Tekla Structures screen layout and toolbars, see: Help: Modeling > Screen layout Help: Modeling > Toolbars

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1.3 Create Grids

To create the appropriate grid for BasicModel1 as shown above, you can delete the existing grid and create a new one from the Points > Grid… pull-down menu. Alternatively you can modify the existing grid.
Modify the existing grid

To modify the existing grid: 1. 2. Double click the grid line. Complete the appearing Grid dialog box as shown below by filling in the X, Y and Z coordinates and the labels for the grid lines.

3. 4.

Click Modify to apply the new grid values. Enter the grid file name, GRID1, and click the Save as button to save the grid values for later use. The file GRID1.grd appears in the attributes subfolder of your model folder.

For more information on grids and dialog box buttons, see: Help: Modeling > Introduction > Inputting information > Common buttons The number of decimals used in the Grid dialog box (as well as in other modeling dialog boxes) can be controlled from the Units and decimals... dialog box obtained from the Setup pull-down menu.

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When the grid was modified, the work area of the view, shown with the green dashed line, was not updated.
Fit work area

To fit the work area according to the modified grid: 1. 2. Click the view. Right-click and select Fit work area from the pop-up menu.

The view should now look as shown below:

1.4 Create Plane Views Along Grid Lines
We will now create Elevation and Plan views along the grid lines created in the previous section. A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. Points outside the view plane appear as red dots. For more information, see: Help: Modeling > Getting started > Views.
Create grid views

To create views along grid lines, 1. 2. Select one grid line. Right-click and select Create view > Grid views from the pop-up menu to open the Creation of views along grid lines dialog box.

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Change the Angle and View depth values as shown below and click OK to close the dialog box. Click the Show… button of the XY view plane to open the View properties dialog box. Select the number of views as All and click Create in the Creation of views along grid lines dialog box. All invisible named views are listed on the left.3. 4. 5. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 9 . and all visible views on the right. The Views dialog box appears presenting all the created views.

Select the view(s) you want to display or hide. Use the arrows to move view(s) from left to right (visible) or vice versa (invisible). 3. 2. 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . see: Help: Modeling > Getting started > Views > View properties Display or hide views To display or hide views: 1.For more information on view properties. Click the Open named view list icon to open the Views dialog box (which is now already open).

1.Do not keep too many views open at the same time. 2. Nine is the maximum number of open views. Press the key V. 3. Hold down the Ctrl key. which is very useful. Delete unnecessary views from the view list. press Ctrl+Tab.5 Create Foundations We will now create foundations for the BasicModel1. pick a center of rotation. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 11 . In the view. Change between 3D / Plane With the shortcut Ctrl+P you can change the view angle between 3D and Plane. You can open or close named views by clicking the Open named view list icon. 1. To switch between views. and click and drag with the middle mouse button. Rotate the model You can rotate the model in a 3D view with rendered view type.

In the 3d view. pick the intersection of grids A-1 to create the footing. Create the rest of the 1800*1800 footings at other intersections of grid line A by picking each position.Column Footing 1800*1800 footing To create footings for columns: 1. Double-click the Create pad footing icon. 4. This will open Pad footing properties dialog box 2. Help: Part position Help: Profile library / Parametric 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 3. Complete the Pad footing properties dialog box as shown and click Apply.

one foundation will be created at the coordinate 4500. Complete the Pad footing properties dialog box for 2700*2700 footing as shown and Apply this.4500. 7. parametric. Tekla Structures contains standard (library). The commands will stay on until you interrupt them. Create the footings at intersections of the gridline B.You can undo (and redo) previous commands one by one since the last save by clicking the icons shown or typing Ctrl + Z (Undo) and Ctrl + Y (Redo). 2700*2700 footing While still in the command. 6. Help: Modeling > Parts > Profile Help: Modeling > Settings and tools > Appendix A: Parametric Profiles Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 13 . Right click and select Interrupt to end the command.0 and then the other foundation will be created as a copy of the first one. or press the Esc key. To restart the last command used press Enter. and user-defined profiles. 5. Foundations for Silos – Parametric Profiles We will create two identical circular foundations for the silos. This offset will be accomplished by adjusting the Vertical Position value in the Pad footing properties dialog box. we will use parametric profiles instead of the library profiles. To end commands right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. At first. For the foundation. The footings on grid B need offsetting from the grid line because there will be additional columns modeled afterwards.

You can select the profile of a part from the Select profile dialog box that opens next to the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. Complete the Pad footing properties dialog box as shown and click Apply.Create footing 1. You can as well enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. Double-click the Create pad footing icon. 2. 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

Help: Modeling > Settings and tools > Snapping Copy the footing 1.4500 to define the position for the footing (typing the numbers automatically displays the Enter a numeric location dialog box). Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 15 . 4.3. Right click and select Copy > Translate… from the pop-up menu. Type 4500. and the foundation is created. 2. Click the footing once to select it. Complete the dialog box as shown. Click Enter.

Complete the Column properties dialog box as shown below. Now the footings should look like those shown below: 1. Click Copy. 2.6 Create Steel Members Columns We will first create two of the columns and then use the Copy command to create the other columns.3. and then click Apply. Double-click the Create column icon. Create columns To create the first two columns: 1. 16 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

and then pick grid B-1 to create the second column. 2. Copy columns Pick the intersection of grids A-1 to create one column. Complete the dialog box as shown below and click Copy. 1. Right click and select Copy > Translate… from the pop-up menu. Select the columns that you just created by dragging a window across them. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 17 . Now all the columns appear in the model.3.

and then click Apply. 2. Complete the Column properties dialog box as shown below. double-click the Create column icon. You can select multiple parts in the model by holding down the Ctrl-key and picking objects in the model. A more precise alternative would be to create the silo as a circular hollow section with a contour plate welded on top of it. Help: Modeling > Introduction > Selecting model objects > How to select objects Silos We will now model the silos by using solid parametric profiles.When identical structures appear in the model. and copy this structural entity to all other positions of similar structures. Create silos 1. the steel column on top of it and the base plate connection between the footing and the column. 3. you can alternatively create one footing (and its reinforcement). Pick the top point of the first silo footing and then the other. To create the silos. 18 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

Help: Modeling > Getting started > Views > Displaying and hiding objects in views Level 3850 Beams We will first create the beams at the +3850 level and then copy them (using the select filter) to the two upper levels. Complete the Beam properties dialog box as shown and Apply. Open the PLAN +3850 view.Now the silos appear in the model. view setup. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 19 . 2. view depth. In the pictures hereafter all the model objects created may not always be visible. Double-click the Create beam icon. Create beams 1. and view filter. The visibility of objects in views depends on the work area. You can also temporarily hide parts in a view by using the Hide tool. 3.

and 7.4. 6. Copy Beams to Upper Levels Filter beams 1. 5. Choose the select filter option beam_filter from the drop down list. When inputting horizontal members always pick from left to right or from bottom to top for consistency purposes. In the PLAN +3850 view pick intersection of gridlines A-4 and then B-4. Continue at grid lines 5. Help: Modeling > Settings and tools > Filter > Select filter 20 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

select an area through the model. Change the select filter option back to standard to enable also the selection of other objects but beams. Click Copy. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 21 . 3. 2. 5. In the Grid 7 view right-click and select Copy > Translate… from the pop-up menu. Copy beams to level +13400 by repeating steps 3-6. Pick the grid line intersection B-3850 and then B-7350. 4. Copy beams 1. By dragging the mouse.2. Check the values in the dialog box.

Create grid beams By using the same beam properties that we applied earlier.Level 13400 Beams Next we will create beams at the view +13400 level. Help: Modeling > Settings and tools > Snapping 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . create the missing beams at the grid intersections shown in the figure below. The snapping tools help you pick points to position objects precisely without having to know the coordinates or layout additional lines or points. Create the rest of the beams Next we will create beams in locations where no grid lines intersect.

5. Start the beam command. Double-click one of the existing beams in the model and press Apply. Make sure the Snap to mid points icon is pressed down. 4. 3. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 23 . Make sure only the Snap to reference lines / points icon of the two main snap switches on the right is pressed down. 2. Pick a midpoint of the beam between grid A-2 and A-3 and then the midpoint of the beam between grid B-2 and B-3.Create beam A 1.

We will then pick the second position of beam B using the temporary snap switch Perpendicular.g. (Enter a numeric location dialog box will open automatically). 6. Then use the cursor to snap (Do not pick!!) in the correct direction (e. Start the beam command. 2. to grid intersection B-1). Pick the first position of beam B 1. 5.Create beam B We will pick the start position of beam B by using the grid intersection A-1 as a temporary reference point and tracking along grid 1 to the intersection B-1 direction for 9000 units. Pick the 2nd position on beam A (see below). 3. Right click and select Perpendicular. 4. 7. (=9000 mm from A-1 in the direction of B-1). Type 9000 for the numeric location. 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Pick second position of beam B Press Enter and the cursor snaps to the correct position. Hold down the Ctrl key and pick grid intersection A-1 as the origin to show the “From” location coordinates.

Hold down the Ctrl key and pick grid intersection A-1 to show the “From” location coordinates. 9. use the cursor to snap (Do not pick!!) in the correct direction. grid intersection B-1). 2. Help: Modeling > Settings and tools Settings and tools reference > Edit > Copy > rotate 1. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 25 .Create beam C While still in the beam command. 8. Pick the intersection of beam B and grid 2 and then the intersection of grid B-2. Right click and select Intersection for snap override.g. the cursor snaps to the correct position. Create beam D We will first create one of the beams that frame around the silo and then by using the Copy > Rotate command create the other three. (E. Type 4000 for the numeric location and press Enter.

135. to snap to positions in orthogonal directions on the work plane (0. Complete the other fields in the dialog. Press the letter O on the keyboard. Pick the center point of the silo as the point to define the rotation (select a view in which the silos are visible and pick near the circumference to snap to the center point). 2. Press the letter O to turn the ortho off. 90. and 180 degrees). 4. 5. The origin X0 and Y0 values will appear in the dialog box. 3. Let the cursor to snap to the midpoint as shown below and pick. Right click and select Copy > Rotate… from the pop-up menu. 26 . TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 4. 45. Click Copy. Select the beam that you just created. Copy rotate the beam 1. 5.3.

2. 2. Select the beams shown highlighted in the picture (press the Ctrl key to add parts to the selection). Double-click the Create beam icon.Copy translate the beam to the other silo We will now copy the beams to the other silo. Complete the Beam properties dialog box as shown and Apply. Bracing Working in the Grid A elevation view. Copy > translate… them 9000 mm in the x direction. 1. we will input the vertical bracing members using the Create beam tool. Create braces a and b 1. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 27 .

4. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Create brace b by picking the top position of column A-2 and then midpoint of column A-3.3. In the 3d view create brace a by first picking the grid intersection A-2 and then the midpoint of column A-3.

Now we will use the handles to move the part end. Right click and select Move > Translate… to move the handle 200 mm upwards. Select brace a to display the handles. Select braces a and b. 4. 3. 3. Help: Handles 1. Copy mirror braces a and b Pick the yellow handle (Tekla Structures then highlights the handle). 2. Right click and select Copy > Mirror… In the 3d view. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 29 . Click Copy.Use handle to move brace end We can see from the drawing above that the lower end of the brace needs 200 mm offsetting from the grid. Click Move. 1. Repeat the procedure to move brace b’s top handle 800 mm downwards. 2. pick grid A-3 then grid B-3 to define the mirror line. 4. 5.

Help: Copy > Mirror Now we have modeled all the steel members in Model1. 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . The model should look like in the figure below.

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 31 .7 Create Concrete Members Concrete Hollow Core Slabs We will now create concrete hollow core slabs. Double-click on the Create concrete beam icon. Instead of positioning the slabs to the grid line intersection we will model the slabs to the face of the steel columns. 2. Create hollow core slabs In the PLAN +13400 view: 1. Complete the Concrete beam properties dialog box as shown and Apply.1.

Click the middle mouse button to create the slab. Copy the slabs in Y direction 1. Select the slab that you just created.3. Type 1200 in the dY field of the Copy – translate dialog box and 10 as the number of copies. Copy the slabs in X direction 1. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 2. choosing all the concrete slabs. 3. Right click and select Copy > Translate… from the pop-up menu. Pick the intersection of the column flange outer face and gridline 4 then intersection the column flange outer face and grid line5 (be sure that the Snap to geometry lines/points is pressed). 4. Drag an area select.

3. Right click and select Copy > Translate… from the pop-up menu. Still holding down Ctrl key pick the two slabs shown in the picture below to unselect them (we will create stairs here in a later chapter). Right click and select Copy > Translate… from the pop-up menu. 4. Type 6000 in the dX field of the Copy . 2.2. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 33 . Copy Concrete Hollow Core Slabs to Levels 7350 and 3850 Copy the slabs 1.translate dialog box. Hold down Ctrl key and choose all the hollow core slabs by dragging 3 areas through the slabs. Click Copy. 3.

Enter -9550 in the dZ field of the Copy – translate dialog box. 2. Complete the Concrete slab properties dialog box as shown and Apply. 5. Concrete Slab Start the slab command 1. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .4. Enter -6050 in the dZ field of the Copy – translate dialog box. click Copy. Double-click the Create concrete slab icon. click Copy.

Let the cursor snap to position just picked (do not pick!) and press Y to lock the Y coordinate.Pick positions for the slab 3. shown in the previous figure). Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 35 . 4. In the PLAN +13400 view pick point A (intersection of column flange outer face and gridline 1.

36 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .5. Pick point C. 6. 7. Pick point D. Press Y to release the coordinate lock. 8. Let the cursor now to snap to the end point of beam near point B and pick.

Links to additional information Help: Modeling > Introduction > General informationSingle user mode vs. Copy translate the slab 9000 mm in X direction. multiuser mode Help: Modeling > Introduction > General information > Languages and environments Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 37 . Click middle button to create the slab. Now the Model1 framework is finished. 2. Select the slab that you just created. Copy concrete slab 1.9.

0 April 23. 2004 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .Tekla Structures Basic Training Tekla Structures 10.

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Contents 2 Creating System Connections.............................................................2 2......................1 2...................................................................................................4 2..........11 Beam to Column Flange.............5 2...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................8 Beam to Column Web ........................................23 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Contents i ..............................3 2..................................................................................................................6 2......................................................5 Beam to Beam Web ...........................................3 2........3 Column Base Plates ....................................................................18 Use AutoDefaults Rules ................17 Create AutoDefaults Rules ........7 About System Connections .....

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The connections that are copied or mirrored are exactly the same as the originals. copy. If you select options such as edit. The greatest benefits of using system connections are: • • • The connection properties can be saved with a particular name so that they can be used later. With AutoDefaults you can create rules defining when to use different connection properties. • All available system connections are located on the connection toolbars. create rules to apply pre-defined connection properties automatically 2. or mirror.2 Creating System Connections In this lesson This lesson introduces the basics of creating system connections in Tekla Structures. accept the default properties and create the connection. all connections are automatically included. These properties can then be used for all projects. When applying a connection that you are unfamiliar with. When you modify a main objects profile in the model all of the connections to the object are automatically modified at the same time. Help: Modeling > Detailing > Getting started > Using connections > Creating connections Help: Modeling > Detailing > Getting started > Basics > connection concepts Help: Modeling > Detailing > Getting started > Basics > Picking order Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating System Connections 3 . i. which can be found at the right of the main window.1 About System Connections You can model connections quickly with the Tekla Structures system connections.e. Then look to see what needs to be modified. The same applies to plates and bolts. You will learn how to: • • • • Create connections Work with connection properties Save the properties for later use Work with AutoDefaults. This is usually quicker than trying to set the values for the connection before seeing what the connection actually creates.

Right-click and select Clash check. 2. 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating System Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Tekla Structures highlights the colliding parts in yellow and displays the clash check log in the List dialog box. Select all of the parts of the model by dragging an area select around the whole model. Help: Modeling > Settings and tools > Querying objects > Clash check Check clashing 1. To complete the model we will need to connect the parts. You can see that all of the parts in the model collide. By using the Clash check command we can check which parts in the model collide.Help: Modeling > Detailing > Getting started > Basics > Up direction Check Clashing of Steel Structures In Chapter 1 we created a model of a small industrial structure. Select any clashing parts from the list and Tekla Structures highlights them in the model. We will run a clash check now and then again after the connections have been applied. Before creating the connections usually all of the members in the model collide with other members.

From the page 5 connection toolbar. When prompted. First we will create a base plate using the default values. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating System Connections 5 . 5. Following dialog appears: 3. 4. Create base plate to one column 1. Pick any column. We will then modify the properties of the base plate and finally create the rest of the base plates with the new properties. Click OK to accept the default values. pick the bottom endpoint of the column as the position and the base plate will be created.2 Column Base Plates The first system connections that we will add are the column base plate details. 2. double-click the Base plate (1004) icon.2.

2. 1.6. 3. Edit the values in the fields shown highlighted in the figure below. You can see that the anchor bolts were created just as ordinary bolts. Double-click the green connection symbol. the Base plate dialog box will reopen. Add anchor rods to base plates We will change the bolts in the base plate to anchor rods by modifying the connection properties. Select the Anchor rods page in the dialog box. 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating System Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Use the shortcut Ctrl+2 to set the parts displayed in shaded wire frame.

To repeat the last command. Click OK to accept the properties for use later. 5. do one of the following: • Click Edit -> Repeat last command Press Enter Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating System Connections 7 .4. Create base plates to rest of the columns 1. Press the Enter key to start the base plate command again. Click Modify and the bolts become anchor bars.

2. We will use the connection both when the secondary beam is perpendicular to the main member or at a skewed angle to the main member. 2. The shear plate will be welded to the primary beam web and bolted to the secondary beam web.3 Beam to Beam Web Shear Plates We will use the Shear plate simple (146) connection to make the beam to beam web connections. Create one shear plate connection 1. Create the rest of the base plates by picking each column and then the position for the base plate. Following dialog appears: 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating System Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . double-click the Shear plate simple (146) icon. From the page 1 connection toolbar.

Pick the beam on grid line 1 as the main part of the connection. Pick the beam perpendicular to the main part to be the secondary part and the connection will be created. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating System Connections 9 .2. 3.

Create connection basic views To create component basic views: 1. Click Tools > Measure > Bolt measure.Check the Connection To make it easier to check the connection you created you can create views from different sides of a selected connection. Pick the shear plate and the temporary dimensions are shown in the view. 3. Pick the bolt group. In the view the work area is closely fitted around the connection. 2. four basic views (front. We will now check the bolt location distances and bolt edge distances between bolts and the shear plate. 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating System Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 3. top end and perspective) appear. Select the connection symbol. Help: Modeling > Settings and tools > Querying objects > Measure 1. 2. Right-click and select Create view > Component basic views. Check bolt dimensions Keep the Component front view open and close the other component basic views.

For the double sided beam to column web connections we will use the Two sided end plate (142) connection. That connection uses only one bolt group to go through all three parts. 2. create shear plate connections to all of the rest of the beam to beam conditions. Create the rest of the shear plates With the connection’s applied properties.Now we will accept the created connection’s with the default properties.4 Beam to Column Web We will use the End plate (144) connection to make the beam to column web connections. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating System Connections 11 .

We will then make the wall brace to column connections with Tube gusset (20). The connection uses a gusset plate to connect the beam to the column. Connection plates welded to the end of the braces will be bolted to gusset plate.

End Plate
We will now use the End plate (144) connection to make all of the beam to column web connections using the default connection properties. We will modify the properties later with AutoDefaults.
Create end plates

1.

On the page 1 connection toolbar, double-click the End plate (144) icon.

2.

Make an end plate connection at every beam to column web condition where there is only one secondary beam coming to the column web.

Two Sided End Plate
Create the two sided end plate connection to all the double sided beam to column web condition to connect beams to both sides of the column web:
Create two sided end plates

1.

Double-click the Two sided end plate (142) icon.

2. 3. 4.

When prompted, pick the column as the main part. Pick each beam as a secondary part. Click the middle mouse button to complete the connection.

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When there are multiple secondaries you need to click the middle mouse button to complete the selection. Help: Modeling > Detailing > Getting started > Basics > Picking order

Wall Bracing –Tube Gusset
We will connect all the wall braces to columns using Tube gusset (20) connections and after that modify their properties all at once.
Create tube gusset to intersection of braces

1.

From the page 4 connection toolbar, double-click the Tube gusset (20) icon.

2. 3. 4.

Pick the column on the grid intersection A-3 as the main part. Pick the four braces one by one as secondaries. Click middle mouse button to create the connection.

Now we can see that the connection created has only one gusset plate which goes through the column. We could have created a separate gusset plate at each side of the column by creating two separate connections.

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TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating System Connections

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Create the rest of the tube gussets

While still in the command, create the connections to the other ends of the braces by doing the following: 1. 2. 3. Pick the column. Pick the brace. Click middle mouse button to create the connection.

Check one tube gusset connection

Create Component basic views of the tube gusset connection connecting the four braces. In the Component front view you can see that there is no clearance from the gusset plates to the column web. To see the column web in the connection front view you can change the view type in the view properties dialog to rendered.

Modify the Connection
We will modify the connection by adding 15 mm clearance between the gusset plates and the column. We will also change the number of vertical bolt rows from 2 to 1.
Add clearance between the gusset plate and the column

1. 2.

Double-click the connection symbol. On the Picture tab type 15 in the field defining the clearance between gusset plate and the column.

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Edit the number of bolt rows

3.

In the Tubebolts1, Tubebolts2 and Tubebolts3 tab pages edit the number of horizontal and vertical bolt rows as shown in the figures below.

4.

Click Modify and then Apply. The Tubebolts1 tab effects the first picked brace, Tubebolts2 tab the second pick and Tubebolts3 picks 3-9.

Check the changes

Check that the number of bolt rows was changed and that the clearance is correct. To check the clearance: 1. Click the Create X measure icon.

2.

Pick the starting and end points as shown:
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3. 4.

Pick a point to locate the dimension. Repeat for the other dimensions you want to check.

Now we will also modify the other tube gusset connections with the new properties we applied.
Modify all the tube gusset connections at once

We can easily modify only connections of the same type shown in the connection dialog by selecting Ignore other types in the connection dialog box. 1. Check that the Ignore other types is selected in the connection dialog box. Help: Modifying connections

2.

Select all the connections in the model by using the Select component select switch shown below and dragging a window around the whole model.

3.

Click Modify.

We will now save the edited properties for later use.

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By saving the properties with a descriptive name you can easily use them later. You can also get AutoDefaults to automatically use the saved properties in desired cases by setting up AutoDefaults rules.

Save the properties

4. 5.

Type Wall bracings in the Save as field in the dialog box. Click the Save as button.

2.5 Beam to Column Flange
We will now create End plate (144) connections to all of the beam to column flange conditions by using the default properties. Then we will edit one of the connection’s properties. Instead of modifying the rest of the connections with the new properties, in the next section, we will create AutoDefaults rules to define when certain properties will be used.

End Plate
Create end plates

1.

Double-click the End plate (144) icon.

2.

Create connections at all of the beam to column flange framing conditions.

Change the Number of Bolt Rows and Save the Properties
We will now change the number of bolt rows to eight when the secondary beam is IPE600. We will then save the new properties with a specific name so that we will be able to use them in AutoDefaults.
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We will also save properties with seven bolt rows for later use with IPE500 beams.
8 bolt rows to IPE600

1. 2.

Double-click one of the connections we just created to open the connection dialog box. On the Bolts tab input 8 as the number of bolt rows.

3.

Click Modify.

4.

Type 8_bolt_rows in the Save as field in the dialog box and click Save as.

7 bolt rows to IPE500

5. 6.

On the Bolts page input 7 as the number of bolt rows. Use Save as to save the properties as 7_bolt_rows.

2.6 Create AutoDefaults Rules
With AutoDefaults you can create rules defining when to use different pre-defined connection properties. When the connections need to be modified (for example changing the beam size), Tekla Structures automatically redefines the connection properties using AutoDefaults rules defined by you.

New Rule Group: Industrial Building Rules
We will now create a new AutoDefaults rule group named Industrial building rules.

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This rule group could include all the rules needed to define when to use certain pre-defined connection properties for the entire project. Help: System > AutoConnection > AutoDefaults setup > AutoDefaults setup We will now define two simple rules for the End plate (144) connection. 1. 2. When the secondary is an IPE500, the end plate connection will have 7 bolt rows. When secondary is an IPE600, the end plate connection will have 8 bolt rows.

When the secondary is neither of the above (IPE500 or IPE600) the default rule will be met and the standard properties will be used.

Create new rule group: Industrial building rules

1. 2.

Click Setup > AutoDefaults… to open AutoDefaults setup dialog box. Right-click in the dialog and select New rule group, a rule group named New appears.

3.

Select the New rule group, press the F2 key and type: Industrial building rules.

Create new rule sets for end plate

4. 5.

Browse to Industrial building rules > Components 1 > End plate (144). Right-click the connection Endplate (144) and select Create additional rule sets.

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6.

Two rule sets: New and Default appear in the tree. By default, both rule sets have standard connection properties selected.

IPE 600 Rule Set
Add rule to rule set New

1.

Right-click the rule set New and select Edit rule set... to open the AutoDefault Rules dialog box.

2. 3.
Enter name for rule set

Select the rule Secondary 1 profile from the Available rules list. Click the right arrow button to move the selected rule into the list of rules in the rule set. In the right pane under Exact value, fill in IPE600. Enter a name for the rule set: Secondary IPE600. Click OK.

4. 5. 6.

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We have used the End plate (144) connection both in beam to column web and beam to column flange cases so the rule will now be used in both cases. We could make this rule to work only in beam to beam flange cases by setting another rule: Secondary beam to beam flange TRUE.

Select connection parameters

7.

Select the standard.j144 parameters, right-click and pick Select connection parameters…

8. 9.

This opens Attribute file list in which all the saved properties for connection 144 are listed. Select the 8_bolt_rows properties and click OK.

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Copy and modify rule set 1. 2. right-click and select Edit rule set… Modify the value in the rule to IPE500 and the Rule set name to Secondary IPE500 and click OK.IPE 500 Rule Set We will now create another rule set for IPE500 taking advantage of the IPE600 rule set we just created. 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating System Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . right-click and select Copy rule set. While the rule set Secondary IPE600 is still selected. right-click again and select Paste rule set. 3. Select the rules set Secondary IPE600. We now have two identical rule sets. Select the upper Secondary IPE600 rule set. 4.

right-click and pick Select connection parameters… Select the parameters: 7_bolt_rows and click OK. Open the End plate (144) connection dialog box. Finally click OK in the AutoDefaults setup dialog box. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating System Connections 23 . On the General tab select Industrial building rules. 2. 6.5. Select the properties 8_bolt_rows under the rule set Secondary IPE500. Check that the Ignore other types is selected. Now the new AutoDefaults rules are ready for use.7 Use AutoDefaults Rules We will now use the Industrial building rules created to automatically apply the correct properties to the existing End plate (144) connections. 3. 2. 7. 4. Click the on/off button and tick only the Rule Group check box. Switch the AutoDefaults On in the End Plate Connections 1.

Change the profiles 1. 8_bolt_rows. Change profiles – AutoDefaults React Let’s now assume that first and second floor beams on gridlines 4 and 7 don't have as much load as others and we can change their profiles to IPE500. they all pass the Secondary IPE 600 rule and result in having the same properties. 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating System Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 6. Select all of the connections in the model. Since all the secondaries in our end plate connection are IPE600. 2. Save as ipe600. Double-click one of the beams selected in the figure below to open the beam properties dialog box. 7.5. Change the profile to IPE500 and tick only the profile check box. Click Modify.

You can see that the connections in the modified beams were updated to have 7 rows of bolts. 2. Inquire the properties used 1. Right-click and select Inquire. From the inquire object dialog box you can check which rule group. particular rule and connection attributes were used. Select one of the connection symbols of the changed profiles. Select the four beams shown highlighted in the figure below and click Modify.3. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating System Connections 25 .

26 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating System Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Select all of the parts by dragging an area select around the whole model.Check Clashing Again Now that we have connected all the steel parts in our model we will run the clash check again. select a line containing the ID numbers of colliding parts from the list. Check clashing 1. Tekla Structures highlights the parts in the model. 2. To quickly locate and view colliding parts in the model. Right-click and select Clash check.

2004 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .Tekla Structures Basic Training Tekla Structures 10.0 April 23.

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...........................9 Create Cuts Interactively .....................................................................................................................3 3....2 3..1 3.....................................................................Contents 3 Creating Interactive Connections................................3 Creating an End Plate Connection from Scratch ....................................................3 Create Gusset Plate with Stiffeners Interactively.................25 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Contents i ..........

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all connection objects: parts.3 Creating Interactive Connections In this lesson Tekla Structures system connections cover a great variety of the connections used in most projects. you may come across situations where it's not possible to make the necessary connections in your model using the system connections. 3. In the figure on the left we see the connection before the stiffeners have been added.e. In the figure on the right we see how the connection will look after the stiffeners have been added. We will explode an existing tube gusset connection. bolts and cuts) interactively from scratch without using any system connections. We will also create a whole new connection (i. Near the bottom end of the column at grid A-2 is a Tube Gusset (20) connection. However. You can however create the stiffeners separately by using a system connection detail. welds. modify the ungrouped objects and then add objects to connection using a system connection detail. In this chapter we will take advantage of the Tekla Structures tube gusset connection by using it as a base for a connection. We will explode the system connection. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections 3 .1 Create Gusset Plate with Stiffeners Interactively In Tekla Structures there is no gusset plate system connection available in which you can get the stiffeners included in the connection. modify the gusset plate shape and then create stiffeners in the connection using a system connection detail.

we must edit the parts outside of the connection. After exploding the connection. In situations where the connection parameters do not contain a particular option.Create component basic views Select the connection symbol. Explode Gusset Plate Connection Inside of the system connection we are not able to reshape the gusset plate the way it is shown in figure above. Now all of these objects have lost intelligence and association to the connection dialog. Modifications when done outside of the connection dialog without first exploding the connection will result in the changes being overwritten if the connection were to get updated. You can also only select the objects by using the select objects select switch. 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Explode connection To explode the connection: Select gusset plate’s connection symbol. In order to modify connection objects outside the connection. Exploding ungroups the objects in a connection. All connection objects (even if they are set to "not visible "in the view properties) will become visible. right-click and select Create view > Component basic views. the objects that were in the connection are no longer connection objects. right-click and select Explode component. we need to explode the connection. They will be presented in the model as objects (main parts) both in wire frame or in shaded wire frame. Before exploding the connection you should take advantage of the connection to get as close to the desired result as possible since editing connection macros is faster and easier than editing objects outside the connection.

-500 to define the end point of the construction line (-500 mm in the Z direction from the last picked point). 2. Type @0. 3. Create a construction line We will first create a temporary construction line to help to locate the bottom right corner of the gusset plate.0. Click the Create construction line icon.Reshape the Gusset Plate We will now reshape the gusset plate as shown in the figure below by editing the polygon plate using the Edit polygon shape command. As you type. 4. 1. Press Enter and the construction line is created Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections 5 . Pick the top right corner of the gusset plate as the starting point of the line. the Enter a numeric location dialog box is automatically displayed.

(Make sure you pick the plate edge instead of grid line). 6. Pick bottom corner (5) as the corner to be removed. Pick gusset plate top left corner (4). 3. 5. 2. Help: Modeling > Detailing > Detailing commands >Edit polygon shape Edit polygon shape 1. 4. Pick intersection of gusset plate edge and the construction line (2). Snap to perpendicular point in gusset plate edge and pick point (3). The construction line is no longer needed and you can delete it.Instead of recreating the polygon plate we will now reshape the existing plate by using the Edit > Polygon shape command. Select Edit > Polygon shape and follow the instructions on the command line. Pick gusset plate corner (1). the plate is now reshaped. 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . see the figure below.

Measure dimensions 1. pick the points and a place for the dimension as shown below: 2. In this case we are interested in setting the stiffener spacing and the edge distance from the edge of the stiffener to the edge of the column. When we open the detail’s dialog box we can see which options are available to us for creating the stiffeners. In the model take the following measurements: Click the Create X measure icon. We can then measure the column to get the parameters exactly as desired.Add Stiffeners We will now add stiffeners to our connection using the Multiple Stiffeners (1064) detail. 2. Double-click the Multiple stiffeners (1064) icon located on the page 5 connection toolbar. Edit the fields shown highlighted on each of the tab pages below and click Apply (study the association with the dimensions taken in the model and note the tolerances). Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections 7 . Click the Create Y measure icon. pick the points and a place for the dimension as shown below: Create stiffeners using macro 1.

3. Pick the column. 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 4. the stiffeners are created. Pick the midpoint of the gusset plate.

fitting. We could now explode the stiffener detail but since we have not edited the connection objects outside of the way that the detail was created we can also just leave it. In the next lesson. 3. bolt group and welds interactively in order to create the connection shown below. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections 9 .You can see the final results in the figures below. you will learn to group objects in your own user-defined connections. polygon cut.2 Creating an End Plate Connection from Scratch Sometimes you may need to create all of the objects for a connection interactively from scratch. As an example we will now create plates. Lesson 4: Custom element.

Create Plate and Fitting for the Beam At the grid intersection B-3 at level 13400: Create connection basic views and delete the connection 1. 2. right-click and select Create view > Component basic views. Create end plate for the beam We will now use the beam command to create the end plate for the beam. Select the existing end plate connection. Start the beam command and Apply the properties for the end plate shown in the dialog box below. 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Delete the existing connection. 1.

Hold down the Ctrl key and pick the intersection of the beam lower flange and the column flange (1) to set the “From” location coordinates. In the Component front view: 2. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections 11 .It is possible to create plates by using either the beam or the contour plate command. Then use the cursor to snap (Do not pick!) the top right corner of the column (2) to set the correct direction. 3.

4. 5. The cursor picks to the desired start position (which equals 10 mm from point 1 in the direction of point 2). Type 10 for the numeric location (the Enter a numeric location dialog box will open automatically) and press Enter. 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Type 10 for the numeric location and press Enter (which equals 10 mm from point 2 to direction of point 1). Then use the cursor to snap to position (1). To pick the end position hold down the Ctrl key and pick position (2).

Fit the end of a beam We will use the Fitting command to trim the end of the beam at the end plate. 3.The plate then appears. Select the beam as the part to be fitted. Help: Modeling > Detailing > Fine tuning part shape > Fitting 1. Click the Create fitting icon. The Fitting tool will trim the end of the beam on a plane perpendicular to the view plane. 2. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections 13 . which is defined by picking 2 points on a line. Pick the points on the end plate corners to set the cut line for the fitting. Tekla Structures displays the fitting in the model using a blue fitting symbol.

Create Plate for the Column We will now use the Create contour plate command to create a plate for the column. Help: Modeling > Parts > Steel parts commands > Contour plate 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . We will use the Component end view for ease of picking points to place the plate. We will then move the plate to the correct depth.

Start the Create contour plate command. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections 15 . Hold down the Ctrl key and pick the top left corner of the column to set the “From” location coordinates. 2. 4.Create column plate 1. Apply the properties for the plate as shown below: In the Component end view: 3. Let the cursor snap to the top left corner of the end plate and type Z to lock the Z coordinate.

6.5. Let the cursor snap to the inner side of the flange shown. Hold down the Ctrl key and pick the top right corner of the column to set the “From” location coordinates. 16 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . type 5 and press Enter. The first point for the plate is now picked.

7. Repeat steps 2 and 3 to pick the last position for the plate. 12. 9. 10. Press Z to release the coordinate lock. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections 17 . Let the cursor snap to the bottom right corner of the end plate and type Z to lock the Z coordinate. 8. 11. The second point is now picked. Repeat steps 4 and 5 to pick the third point for the plate. Let the cursor snap to the inner side of the flange. type 5 and press Enter.

14.13. The plate is created in the view plane of the Component end view. right-click and select Move > Translate. 18 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Press Z to release the coordinate. Move the plate in the X direction (and only X) so that it is next to the end plate. Press the middle button to create the plate. Move the plate 1... 2. Select the column connection plate.

it would be hard to select correct chamfers to modify.Fitting the Column The column connection plate is now in the correct position but it collides with the column flanges. Since the column connection plate and the part cut are now in exactly the same space. Pick the column as the part to be cut. We will next enlarge the antimatter cut. The column is now cut exactly along the edges of the connection plate. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections 19 . 3. 2. Help: Modeling > Detailing > Detailing commands > Part cut Create part cut for the column 1. We will use the Create part cut command to cut the column with the plate. Click the Create part cut icon. Pick plate as cutting part. We will then enlarge the antimatter cut to add some clearance between the plate and the column flanges.

Select the column connection plate (only the plate using select switches shown below). Move the cut chamfers 1. right-click and select Hide. Select both of the upper chamfers (using Ctrl).That's why we will temporarily hide the column connection plate and then move the cut chamfers. move 20 mm left. Select lower chamfers and move them 5 mm downwards. 2. 3. 20 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Move the chamfers 20 mm upwards. Select the left side chamfers. 5. 4. Select the right side chamfers and move them 20 mm right. 6.

Double-click the Create weld icon. 2. This will also add the plates to the beam and column assemblies. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections 21 .Create Welds Next we will weld the end plate to the beam and the column connection plate to the column. Edit the Weld properties dialog as shown below and click OK. Help: Modeling > Detailing > Detailing commands > Weld Weld column plate to the beam 1.

The main part of the assembly will appear red and other parts will appear yellow. Inquire assembly You can check assemblies using command Inquire Assembly. This effects the position of the parts in the drawings. 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Right-click and select Inquire > Assembly. Select the beam as the part to weld to (the primary part for workshop welds).3. 2. To select the entire assembly: press the Alt key while clicking a part in the assembly. 4. 1. It is very important to enter the welding order correctly. Select the end plate as the part to be welded (the secondary part for workshop welds). Pick the beam (or any part of the assembly). Tekla Structures uses the welding order to determine the primary and secondary parts of the assembly.

Weld connection plate to the column By using the applied weld properties.In case welds are not automatically placed to desired places. Double-click the Create bolts icon. Create Bolt Group Next we will create a bolt group to connect the beam to the column. 2. you can manually affect on weld location by setting the desired position for weld in the Weld properties dialog box. For information on bolt group dimensions see: Help: Modeling > Detailing > Bolts > Creating a bolt group Create bolts 1. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections 23 . We will use the bolts to bolt the beam’s end plate to the column’s connection plate. weld the connection plate to the column. Define bolt group properties as shown in picture below and Apply.

4. 6. Pick the end plate as the part to be bolted. 5. Pick the end plate bottom point as the second point (this will indicate the bolt group x direction). Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts.3. Pick the end plate top point as the first point (this will be the bolt group origin). 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Pick the column connection plate as the part to bolt to. 7.

3 Create Cuts Interactively You can cut parts by various methods in Tekla Structures. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections 25 .The bolt group has now been created and the final connection looks like the figures below. Create Part Cuts for Silos Create part cut 1. 3. We will use these cutting tools to cut the concrete slabs with the Silos (part cut) and then create a penetration for a column (polygon cut) through a hollowcore slab. and the shape of the parts needs to be modified with the cutting tools. The available cuts are: • • • Line cut Polygon cut Part cut There are numerous places in our model in which the parts are still colliding with each other. Click the Create part cut icon.

26 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Change part cut profile In order to have clearance between the concrete slab and the silo we will now modify the size of the profile used to make the part cut. The Column properties dialog box appears. A blue antimatter part cut the same size as the silo appears. Disable all of the selection switches except for the Select cuts switch. Pick one of the slabs as part to be cut. 3. Double-click the part cut.2. To make it easier to select the part cut. 1. Uncheck all of the modify check boxes and change profile as shown in the dialog below: 5. Pick the related silo as the cutting part. Press Modify. 4. 2. The slab is now cut. This creates a 150 mm gap all the way around between the slab and the silo. 3. 4.

Copy it 9000 mm in the x direction to the other silo. Sometimes it is more convenient to work with shorter part cuts. Change the bottom level to 13000 and top level to 13800. Copy the part cut to other silo 1. right-click. Click Modify.The part cut height is still equal to the height of cutting part (= the silo). 2. which is enough. You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges of the part and the edges of the cut. Now the part cut is just a little thicker than the slab. We will create a 20 mm clearance between the penetrating column and the slab simply by picking positions to outline the polygon cut. The antimatter part will automatically adjust to the new situation and cut the other slab. Change part cut height Double-click the blue part cut to open the Column properties dialog box and on the Position tab page: 1. By inquiring the slab (select object. Create Slab Penetration (Polygon Cut) We will now create a penetration through a contour plate using a polygon cut. Help: Modeling > Detailing > Detailing commands > Polygon cut Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections 27 . If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away. select Inquire > Part) you can see that the slab bottom level is +13400 and top level +13575.

Click the Create polygon cut icon. 7. the cursor picks the point. In the view +3850 zoom close to the column on grid line A-4. Type –20.-20. Select the hollowcore slab as the part to be cut. 5.Create polygon cut 1. 6. Hold down the Ctrl key and pick the bottom left corner of the column to set the “From” location coordinates. Move the cursor to the right to track along the ortho line. Press O (to snap to positions in orthogonal directions). 2. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Press Enter. 3. 4.

8. 10. 9. type 340 and press Enter. Enter 340 to specify the distance from the last point picked. 11. Click the middle button to create the polygon cut. Move the cursor to the left. type 330 and press Enter. Move the cursor upwards. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Creating Interactive Connections 29 . Press Enter.

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.3 Create User_end_plate Custom Component..................................2 4............4 4.....................................................................................8 Define User_Hole_Creation Custom Detail ......3 4..........................................3 4................1 4..........................................17 Parameterize User_Hole_Creation Custom Detail ............................................................................6 Parameterize User_end_plate Custom Connection..................20 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Contents i ..................5 Define User_end_plate Custom Component ...................................................................Contents 4 Custom Components....................................................

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main part. for example.4 Custom Components In this lesson This lesson introduces custom components and details. which was interactively created in Lesson 3. or points they need to pick. or by creating the component objects individually as we did in Lesson 2. You can then apply the custom component to similar framing conditions in the model. By changing the connection to a Custom component you can use it in other parts of the model and in other models.1 Define User_end_plate Custom Component You can build custom components either by exploding and modifying an existing component. and specifying the information the user needs to input. secondary parts. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components 3 . You then define a custom component by picking the objects to include in the custom component. We will now create a Custom component from the column-beam connection. You will learn how to: • • • Define custom components Use custom components Edit custom components to make them adaptive and parametric 4.

fittings. set Type to Connection. Make sure that all of the object types are visible in the view (welds. etc). cuts. On the Position tab set the Position type to Box plane and click Next>. or along the length of. Define Custom component 1. Help: Detailing > Custom components > Custom components reference > Position type 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . which was interactively created between a column and a beam in Lesson 3. enter a name and description (description is not mandatory) for the custom component as shown. a main part Part: A Part is a component in the model such as a ladder or cell form beam 3.Zoom in close to the component. The Custom component types available: • • Component: A Component is 2 or more items connected together and is defined as having a main part and 1 or more secondary parts Detail: A Detail connects one or more items at the end of. Select Detailing > Define custom component… to open the Custom component wizard dialog box. On the Type/Notes tab. bolts. 2.

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components 5 .g. Tekla Structures displays a connection symbol for the new Custom component. bolts. welds or cuts) not belonging to this component.4. Be careful that you do not select objects (e. Select the beam as the secondary part and click Finish on wizard page 4/4. Tekla Structures ignores the main part. Select the column as the main part and click Next> on wizard page 3/4. Otherwise when you use the custom component those objects will also be created. grids and component symbols when you are selecting objects to include in the Custom component. click Next> on the wizard page 2/4. parts. 6. Use area select to select all the objects belonging to the component. 5. secondary parts.

The new custom component that you have defined is added to Custom components dialog box list. 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 2. 3.2 Create User_end_plate Custom Component We will now use the Custom component that you just defined. Click the Find component icon. 4. to create a connection at the other end of the beam. Select the User_end_plate component from the list. Create Custom component 1. Delete the End plate 144 connection from the other end of the beam.

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components 7 . 5.. The custom component is created. Right-click and select Properties. 1. Change the beam size We will now check how the Custom component reacts when the situation changes. Review the properties and click Apply. Change the beam size from IPE600 to IPE750*137.. Pick the column as the main part and the beam as the secondary part.4. Help: Detailing > Custom components > Defining Custom components > Custom components basic properties 6. Modify.

In order to add these capabilities we have to edit the custom component. 4. We will not create a complete parametric custom component in this lesson. You can either create separate custom components for each different case needed in the model or you can parameterize the custom component (see the next section). 2. but will give you an idea how to build some simple dependencies between the component objects and the model. In practice you can apply the custom component only in similar framing conditions to that which it was originally created. Click the Undo icon to change the beam back to IPE600.3 Parameterize User_end_plate Custom Connection The User_end_plate connection is defined as a custom component but as yet has no intelligence or input values.Once the custom component is created it has no intelligence or input values. We will create variables that will automatically adjust to suit a change in the beam profile and we will also input them in the finished connection interface: • • The end plate top and bottom position (which also defines the plate length) The distance from the 1st bolt to beam top flange 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

We will then create the following variables to automatically adjust to suit a change in the beam profile: • • Column plate top position Part cut top position Open Custom Component Editor Since we have a custom component in the model we can open the Custom component editor. The Custom component editor opens along with the Custom component editor toolbar. Right-click and select Edit custom component. the Model browser and four views of the custom component. 2. Edit custom component 1. Select User_end_plate component symbol. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components 9 .

you can create your own components and details and define their properties.In the Custom component editor. The length is defined by the start and end points picked for the "beam"(plate). This means the thickness (20) and the width (230) of the plate are defined by the profile. You can build in dependencies between objects to make custom components parametric and have them adapt to changes in the model. 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Define End Plate Top and Bottom Positions Our end plate is modeled with the beam command using plate profile PL20*230. To change the thickness or the width of the plate we will need to parameterize the profile. We will now create dependencies between the end points and secondary beam top and bottom flanges.

Select the end plate. 4. Right-click and select Bind to plane. Highlight the plane on the secondary beam top flange.Tie end plate top to secondary beam top 1. 2. and select it by clicking the mouse. By moving the cursor around you can now highlight the available planes. Select the upper handle of the end plate. 3. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components 11 .

Select the upper handle of the bolt group. 2. This way the value added in the dialog will be the distance from the top of the beam to the first bolt.The appropriate dimension in the model will appear on the screen. Define Distance from Beam Top Flange to the First Bolt We will now add a variable to control the distance from the top of the beam to the first bolt. Select the lower handle of the end plate. Double-click the bolt group to open the Bolt properties dialog box. we will first remove the original offset from the bolt. 1. Change the Start point offset Dx to 0. 1. Remove the bolt offset To make it simpler to use the new variable. The appropriate dimension in the model should then appear on the screen. Right-click and select Bind to plane. 2. and select it by clicking the mouse. 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Tie 1st bolt to secondary beam top 1. 3. 3. Select the bolt group. 2. Right-click and select Bind to plane. Highlight the plane on the secondary beam bottom flange. click Modify. 4. Select the end plate. Tie end plate bottom to secondary beam bottom By following the same procedure tie the end plate lower handle to secondary beam bottom plane.

Change the field names in the custom component dialog box by naming the variable labels as shown below.4. Highlight the plane on the secondary beam top flange. Click the Display variables icon to see all distance and parameter variables in a component. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components 13 . The Variables dialog box appears: Help: Detailing > Custom components > Custom components reference > Variables 2. Display and test the variables 1. Change the value of the lowest variable (the bolt distance). 4. from 10 to 60 and press Enter. Set the variable labels in dialog 3. To show the variables in the custom component dialog box set the variable visibility to Show. The appropriate dimension in the model appears on the screen. and select it by clicking the mouse.

Click the Create user-defined plane icon. 5. Click middle button and the plane is created. Instead we can create distance variables from the contour plate chamfers to a plane. Help: Detailing > Custom components > Custom components reference > User defined planes Create user defined planes 1. Pick three corner points of the top of the column plate. a contour plate does not have handles that we can bind. 3. Instead of binding the chamfers one by one to a plane we will create a magnetic custom plane on the top face of the contour plate. Click the middle button and the plane is created. 2.Tie Column Plate and Cut Part Top to Beam Top Flange Next we will tie the top of the column connection plate and the top of the part cut to the top flange of the beam. Pick three corners points at the top of the plate part cut. While still in the command: 4. The top face of the contour plate will then move with the magnetic plane. We will then bind this magnetic plane to the beam top flange. Unlike beam. 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . The column end plate (as well as the part cut) was modeled as a contour plate.

Select the magnetic custom plane. 2. Repeat for the other plane. 5. 6.Edit custom planes to be magnetic 1. Pick the highlighted plane on the top of the secondary beam. 4. Right-click and select Bind to plane. 3. Double-click one of the user planes that you just created to open the Plane properties dialog. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components 15 . Bind magnetic planes to beam top Tick the Magnetic switch on and click Modify.

In a case where we would like to keep the existing Custom component in our model we could choose to save the custom component with a new name. 16 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .7. Modify. Close the editor by clicking the icon. Change the beam size Change the beam size from IPE600 to IPE750*137.

Create cutting part 1. Create a Part Cut through a Hollow-Core Slab First we will create a part cut through a hollow-core slab by using a column to define the shape of the cut. which will cut a hole through a hollow-core slab.Test the variables In the custom component dialog change each of the variables and Modify to test their function. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components 17 . Select a hollow-core slab on level +3800 between grid lines 7 and B and create a part basic view of it by right-clicking and from the pop up menu select: Create view > Part basic view.4 Define User_Hole_Creation Custom Detail We will now create a Custom detail. 4.

and type r to open Enter numeric location dialog. Pick the Create part cut icon. To create square part cut of size 380*380 mms: • • Double-click the Create concrete column icon and define column size and position. • If necessary.0. Release the Ctrl button. Type @-1000. • • Cut part Cut the hollowcore slab using part cut: 1. Close the dialog with OK.2. restart the column command and then pick the middle point at the outer end of the hollow-core slab while holding Ctrl button down (this is a reference point for column position).0 and press Enter to create the column 1000 mms from the edge. 18 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

3.2. enter a Name and a Description (description is not mandatory) for the custom component as shown below. 3. 2. 5. 4. On the Position tab. To end the command right-click and select Interrupt. set the Type to Detail. Remove the cutting part by picking the column and pressing the Delete button. Pick the column. Define a Custom Detail Next we will create a detail type custom component. Pick the hollowcore slab. set the Position type: to Box plane and click Next > Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components 19 . On the Type/Notes tab. Select Detailing > Define custom component… to open the Custom component wizard dialog box. Define Custom Component 1.

3. Right-click and select Edit custom component. Press Finish. Define the Value type as Profile. Set the Formula to 380*380. A new toolbar named Custom component editor opens along with the Model browser and 4 basic views of the custom component. 6. In order to add these capabilities we have to edit the custom component. 20 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Define Parameters Hole size and shape 1.5 Parameterize User_Hole_Creation Custom Detail The User_Hole_Creation custom detail is defined as a custom component but as yet has no intelligence or input values. Add new variable by pressing the Add button.Help: Detailing > Custom components > Custom components reference > Position type 4. We will create the following variables to automatically adjust to suit a change in the hole position. 2. Select the User_Hole_Creation custom detail symbol. 4. Select the objects (cut + hollowcore slab using the Ctrl key) and press Next >. 4. 2. We will not create a complete parametric custom component in here. Open variables dialog by pushing the Display variables icon. Select middle point at the outer end of the hollow-core slab to set the position. In the Label in dialog box field enter Hole shape. 5. 5. but will give you an idea how to build some simple dependencies between component objects and the model. size and shape and we will also input them in the finished connection interface: • • • The hole position in X-direction The hole position in Y-direction The hole size and shape Open Custom Component Editor Edit custom component 1. 7. Pick the main part (hollowcore slab) and press Next >.

1. Select the part cut in any of the views. 9. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components 21 . Type Profile=P1 (variable name). Bind hole definition points We will define the hole position by binding the part cut's reference points. 7. 8. Right-click and select Bind to plane command. 2. Select Part cut from the Model browser. 3.6. Select Profile of the part cut. Right-click Profile and select Add equation to edit the name. Select the upper reference point.

Pick the YZ plane. Pick the top plane. Select Boundary planes from Custom component editor toolbar's drop down menu. 9. 12. 6. 8. 10. Zoom out and rotate to highlight the top boundary plane of the slab. Select Component planes from Custom component editor toolbar's drop down menu. 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 11. Zoom in to the detail symbol. 7. 5. Rotate to highlight the XY plane. Rotate to highlight the YZ plane. Pick the detail's XY plane.4.

Edit D1 variable: Label: Distance from middle. Visibility: Hide. 6. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components 23 . 4. Edit D2 variable: Label: Distance from definition point. Edit hole definition variables We will next edit the hole position variables and define visibility on detail's dialog. Visibility: Hide. 5. 7. save changes. 8. Repeat steps 3 . The distances are now visible in Variables dialog. Edit D4 variable: Formula: =D1. 3. Visibility: Hide.You have now bound the upper reference point in three directions.12 to the part cut's lower reference point by binding it to XY and YZ directions in the Component plane and to slab bottom plane using Boundary plane. Edit D6 variable: Formula: 100. Close editor. Edit D3 variable: Formula: 100. 1. Open the Variables dialog. Edit D5 variable: Formula: =D2. Visibility: Hide. 2.

press Modify. 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 2.Check the Results We will now check that the dialog custom detail dialog has needed fields and that they function correctly. Change cut size and location. Double-click the User_Hole_Creation custom detail symbol. A dialog opens. Modify custom detail 1.

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Custom Components 25 .

0 April 30.Tekla Structures Basic Training Tekla Structures 10. 2004 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

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......................................................................................34 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Contents i ...................................................................3 5.............................................................................................................1 5...............................................6 Start a New Model ..............4 5....................................................30 Define Your Own Select Filters...................................................4 Setting Up Job Specific Information.5 5................................BasicModel2 ..................................15 Combine Models 1&2 .............................................6 Create Concrete Members ...2 5........................................10 Create Steel Members..........Contents 5 Basic Modeling 2...........................................3 5.................................................................................

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skewed) Use phases Combine separate models Create your own select filters Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 3 .1 Basic Modeling 2 In this lesson In this lesson we will cover some preliminary tasks that you need to do before starting to model in a real project. We will create a new model and recap the basic functions introduced in Lesson 1. You will learn how to: • • • • • • Set up project.information Define part properties and numbering series Work in true planes (sloped. you will learn some more about the basic functions. After that.

in the field at the bottom of the dialog box and type \BasicModel2. 3.1 Start a New Model . Edit the grid. in the Grid properties dialog box.BasicModel2 Start a new model and name it BasicModel2. Double-click the grid line. 2. 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 3.1. Pick the New icon. Modify the existing grid 1. Create Grid To create the appropriate grid for BasicModel2 modify the existing default grid. 2. Click after the path C:\TeklaStructuresModels. according the grids shown above (coordinates and text). Create New Model Start a new model 1. Press the OK button and the model will be created. Edit the grid origin Y0 value to 13900.

4. 2. and the new grid values will be applied. Left-click anywhere in the view. The view should now look like the one below. Enter GRID2 in the save as field and click the Save as button to save the grid values. 5. Right-click and select Fit work area. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 5 . 1. Fit work area Click Modify.

set the view properties the way you want and click OK. Click Create in the Creation of views along grid lines dialog box. 2. Press OK.Create Plane Views along Grid Lines We will now create Elevation and Plan views along the grid lines. Open the Project properties dialog box by selecting Properties-> Project… Fill in the information as shown in the dialog box below. Right-click and select Create view > Grid views from the pop-up menu. 4. 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 3. Click the Show… button on each view plane to open the View properties dialog box.2 Setting Up Job Specific Information Prior to adding any parts we will setup the model with the necessary job specific information: • • • Project properties Preferences Part properties and numbering series Project Properties Project properties are common to all drawings and can be used to fill in typical information in the title blocks. Create grid views 1. Set up project properties 1. 1. Select the grid. 2. 3.

Connections you created prior to changing the preferences are not affected. you can allocate separate numbering series to different phases or part types. For example. click OK. Check preferences 1. assemblies (steel detailing) and cast units (concrete detailing) into groups.Check Preferences Before starting the modeling we will check that preferences are set up correctly. Tekla Structures only applies the new settings to connections you subsequently create. Part Properties and Numbering Series You use a numbering series (numbering prefixes and start numbers) to divide parts. Help: System > Using Xsteel effectively > General > Preferences Check that your preferences are set up correctly before you start modeling. 2. If you change settings on the Preferences tab. Open Setup > Options… On the Preferences tab check the values are as below. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 7 .

You can name the numbering series to which a part. numbering settings etc. Part name Material Class CB CH 1 1 BEAM HCSLAB K40-1 K40-1 4 1 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 . etc. If you already know in the beginning of the project how the members should be numbered it is a good idea to create the parts right from the start with the correct numbering series. Help: Modeling > Parts > Numbering parts > Defining numbers to be used for parts In Lesson 9 Numbering and reports.) and set them up with the information shown in the tables below and save each of them with a specific name. Part name Material Class Concrete Members Parts/ command Concrete beam command Beams Hollowcore slabs Concrete column command Columns CC 1 COLUMN K40-1 3 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation Cast unit prefix Cast unit start no. Set the part properties Go through each of the part properties dialog box (Beam properties. Assembly prefix Assembly start no. The numbering series name consists of a prefix and a starting number. by using the part properties dialog box. Column properties. you will learn the basics of numbering parts in Tekla Structures. assembly or cast unit belongs. Steel Members Parts/ command Beam command Beams Vertical braces Horizontal braces Rafters Purlins Column command Columns Silos Contour plate command Plates 1001 A 1 PLATE S355JR 99 PC PX 1 1 AC AX 1 1 COLUMN SILO S355JR S355JR 7 1 PB PV PH PR PP 1 1 1 1 1 AB AV AH AR AP 1 1 1 1 1 BEAM BRACING_V BRACING_H RAFTER PURLIN S355JR S355JR S355JR S355JR S355JR 6 3 3 9 8 Part prefix Part start no. Contour plate properties. how numbering series result in different part / assembly /cast unit numbers. See the Adjust Beam properties example below the tables.

setup and load the properties before using the Save defaults command. 2.Pad footing command Pad footings Concrete slab command Slabs Example: Adjust beam properties CS 1 SLAB K40-1 4 CP 1 FOOTING K40-1 2 1. Save Defaults After you have setup the properties. you must save the Project properties and Preferences for this model with the Save defaults command. Help: System > Files and Folders > Customizing Xsteel > Save defaults Save Defaults Click Setup > Save defaults. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 9 . These standard properties are loaded when you open the model. Open the Beam properties dialog. when you want specific properties to be loaded by default when you open a model. Match the highlighted fields in the dialog box below. In other words. The Save defaults command creates a set of standard files which also include the part properties files. Type the part name BEAM in the save as field and click the Save as button.

Click Apply. 4. Pick grid intersections D-1 and E-1. and beams on grid line 1 and then copy them all at once to the other grid lines. columns. Click Apply. 2700*2700 footing 1. 5. 2. Pre Cast Footings We will now create foundations on grid line 1. While still in the command: 6. 8. Double-click the Create pad footing icon.3 Create Concrete Members First we will create pad footings. Bottom level to –650 and Top level to 0). Enter the Pad footing information in the dialog box for a 2700*2700 footing as shown in the drawing (set the profile to 2700*2700.1. 2100*2100 footing Load the saved FOOTING properties. Enter the Pad footing information in the dialog box for a 2100*2100 footing (set the profile to 2700*2700. Bottom level to –650 and Top level to 0). Pick grid intersections C-1 and F-1. 3. 7. The footings should now look like those shown below: 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . We will then create a slab on top of the columns/beams at level 7175.

According to the drawing shown above. 4. and click Apply. Double-click on the Create Concrete column icon.Pre Cast Columns Now we will create the columns on grid line 1. 900*600 Columns 1. 3. 2. enter the information in the Concrete column properties dialog box for a 900*600 column. Pick the intersections of grids C-1 and then F-1. 600*600 Columns Load the COLUMN properties that you saved earlier.While still in the command: Complete the dialog for 600*600 columns and create them on grid intersections D-1 and E-1. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 11 .

5. Enter the information in the Concrete beam properties dialog according the drawing above. click Apply. End the command by clicking the middle button. 3. 4. Double-click the Create concrete beam icon. 2. In the GRID 1 view pick the intersection of gridlines C-7175 and then D-7175.Pre Cast Beams We will now create the beams on grid line 1 at level +7175. Create beams 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 12 Load the BEAM properties that you’ve saved.

Select the footings. While on grid line 1. 4. 2. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 13 . Copy the Members We will now copy the footings. columns and beams. create the other two beams the same way.6. Pick two points to show the translation vector (6000 in X direction). 3. Right-click and select Copy > Translate… from the pop-up menu. Type in the number of copies (6). 5. Click Copy. Copy the members 1. column and beams that we created to grid lines 2-7.

14 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Create the slab 1.Insitu Slab We will now create a 350 mm slab on top of the framework by using the outermost corners of the columns. 3. 4. In the PLAN +7175 view pick the outermost corners of the four columns as shown. Double-click the Create concrete slab icon. Complete the Concrete slab properties dialogue box as shown and Apply this. Load the SLAB properties that you saved earlier. 2.

We will copy translate the completed portal frame and points.5. Click middle button to create the slab. 1.4 Create Steel Members First. we will create two columns on grid line 1 and then a rafter between them. By taking advantage of sloping work plane and view planes we will model the horizontal bracing and purlins. Steel Columns We first create two columns on grid line 1. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 15 . Finally we will create vertical bracing on grid lines C and F. After that we will create the construction points needed to create the horizontal bracing and purlins.

4. Complete the Column properties for the column at grid intersection F-1. Double-click the Create column icon. Pick the grid intersection F-1 to create the second column. 16 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 6. Complete the Column properties (profile and the levels) for the column at the grid intersection C-1 as shown in the figure above and click Apply. 3. 5. Load the COLUMN properties. 2. Pick the grid intersection C-1 to create the column. Since the profile depth of the concrete and steel columns are different (900*600 => h=900 while HEA 800 => h=790) middle positioning results a gap in the outer face. Use the Measure tool to measure the distance from the edge of the column to the edge of the slab. and click Apply.Create columns 1.

Measure the gap 1. 3. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 17 . In the grid 1 view pick the point in the slab corner then the point in the column corner. 2. Modify the column on grid line C using a vertical offset of -55. 3. Modify the column on grid line F using a vertical offset of 55. 1. Open Column properties dialog box. 2. Click the Create x measure icon. Pick a position to place the dimension. Adjust the vertical position Adjust the column edge to the slab (and concrete column) by using the vertical position offset in the Column properties dialog.

Create rafter 1. Load the RAFTER properties. 3. 4. Work Points for Horizontal Bracing and Purlins After inputting the two columns and the rafter. Double-click the Create beam icon. we will layout points for modeling the purlins. 18 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 2. Enter the rafter information in the dialog according the drawing above (Profile: IPE750*160) and click Apply. vertical and horizontal braces. In the GRID 1 view pick the intersection of grids C-20200 and then F-18200.Steel Rafter Now we will create a rafter between the 2 columns that we just created.

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 19 . To create a point at the intersection (shown with red arrow) of grid C and rafter centerline: Intersection of grid and rafter centerline 1. click Copy. Double-click Create divided line points command. 2. 1. First and last brace work points 1. 2. Select the point just created.Bracing Work Points We need first to create points at the intersection of grid C and rafter centerline and intersection of grid F and rafter centerline. Copy the point to the other side To create the point in the intersection of grid F and rafter centerline on the other end of the rafter we simply copy the first point. We will now create the work points for first and last brace. Then using the points we will create work points for the braces. right-click and select Copy – Translate… Pick the start point of the rafter then the end point of the rafter. Double-click Create extension point icon. Type in 1 (1points) and pick the positions shown below.

Repeat. Type in –600. Type in –800. 2. 3.2. 20 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Purlins Work Points We can now use the grid intersections C-20200 and F-18200 to create the work points for first and last purlins. click OK. Pick from one of the work points that you just created and then the other. click OK. 4. click OK. Pick the grid intersections C-20200 and then F-18200. 4. picking the points in the reverse order. 3. Double-click the Create divided line points icon. 3. First and last purlins work points 1. Double-click Create extension point icon. Repeat. Divide the working points in ten segments 1. Pick from one of the points just created then the other. picking the points in the reverse order Using the Create divided line points command divide the space between the work points that you just created into ten equal spaces (9 points). 2. Enter 9 as the number of dividing points.

Click Copy. 4. 2. rafter and the points to grid lines 2-7. 5. 3.Divide the working points in 12 segments Using the Create divided line points command divide the space between the work points that you just created into 12 equal spaces (11 points). rafter and points. Copy the members 1. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 21 . Copy > Translate… Pick two points to show the translation vector (6000 in X direction). Select the columns. Set Sloping Work Plane for Bracing and Purlins The next step is to model the horizontal bracing and purlins at the sloped roof. To place the parts in the correct plane we will first change the work plane (which currently is the local coordinate system of the model) to the roof slope. Type in the number of copies (6). Copy the Portal Frame and the Points We will now copy the columns.

22 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 2. The part positioning. Work plane > With one point. copying etc however always comply with the work plane coordinate system no matter in which view you perform the commands. Pick the Set Work plane to part top icon. bottom) on the center line of the part. sloped objects since the grids are also shown in the true plan and points in the view plane are represented as yellow crosses.g. but moves it to a new position using a single picked point. The Set work plane to part plane command sets the work plane parallel to the part plane (front top.Help: Modeling > Getting Started > Basics > Defining the work area and shifting the work plane Help: Modeling > Getting Started > View reference > View > Work plane > To part plane Set work plane to the roof slope To set the work plane to the roof slope: 1. You can use the command. Pick the rafter on grid line 1. The work plane is now positioned in a plane parallel to the top plane of rafter. Working in a true plan view makes it easier to model E. back. This command keeps the work plane parallel to the current work plane. True Plan View To make it easier to add the roof bracing we will now make a true plan view on the roof bracing by creating a view perpendicular to the work plane. We can also use the true plan view in drawings. to set the work plane exactly to the desired position.

Complete the properties as shown below.. Create Horizontal Bracing Working in the true plan view we will next create the horizontal bracing members using the Create beam tool.Create true plan view 1. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 23 . Select View > Create view > To workplane. Create horizontal bracing 1.. 2. 3. 2. Load the BRACING_H properties. Pick Properties > View. click OK. Double-click the Create beam icon. The work points created for braces appear in yellow since they are now on the view plane. The grid is also shown in the true plan view plane. The new view is created.

In the true plan view create the braces shown in the drawing by snapping to the yellow points. 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . it is easy to pick the points for the mirror line. We will now copy mirror the braces to the other end of the building (between gridlines 4 and 5). The Copy > Mirror command copies and mirrors objects through a plane that is perpendicular to the work plane and passes through a line you specify. Check the positioning Check the position of the braces in the 3d view and elevation view on grid 1. Since the work plane is now at the same slope with the TRUE PLAN view.Complete the dialog box according to the information shown in the drawing above and change the Position at depth to: Middle and Apply. 3.

The point that you pick for the purlin is red since it is not on the view plane. 5. Select the braces. 2. 2.Mirror the braces 1. Load the PURLIN properties. Create Purlins While still working in the true plan view we will create the purlins by using the Create beam tool. In the True plan view pick two points on gridline 4 to set the mirror line and click Copy. Copy > Mirror. 6. At the command: Pick second point. Pick the purlin work point near grid intersection F-1 at the command Pick first position. 3.0 profile for the purlin. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 25 . pick the work point near grid intersection F-2. Change the Position / At depth to: Front and Apply. Select a Z300/3. 3. 4. Double-click the Create beam icon. Create purlins 1.

8. Pick View > Work plane > Work plane… Select Plane: XY set the depth coordinate to 0 and click Change. 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .L etc) the picking order of first and second position determines the orientation. Set the work plane back to global origin Create the rest of the purlins by using the Copy > Translate command. 2. With asymmetric profiles (Z. Now we must switch the work plane back to global origin to carry on modeling outside of the roof plane. 1. It is not possible to change the orientation using the beam properties.7. Check the elevation view on grid 1 to ensure that the purlin is orientated and positioned correctly.

Vertical Bracing Working in the elevation on grid C view we will create vertical bracing using the Create beam tool. Change the Position / At depth to: Front and add a 5 mm offset. Load the BRACING_V properties. 5. click Apply. 4. Double-click the Create beam icon. 3. Move the brace 1300 mm downwards and to the middle of the column. 6. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 27 . 2.The work plane is now set back to the global origin. Create one brace using the column top positions at C-1 and C-2. Create brace 1. Enter RHS200*120*8 as the profile.

Pick the inner corner of the column on grid line F as the second position. Select all the braces on grid line C and select Copy > Translate… In the grid 1 view. click Copy. 3. 4.Copy the brace along grid C Copy the braces to grid line F 1. 2. pick the outer corner of the column on grid line C as the first position. Select the brace and use Copy > Translate… to copy the brace five times at 6000 mm along grid line C. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

Create girder 1. Copy the girder that you created to other columns on grid line C. Load the BEAM properties. 5. Enter IPE450 for the profile size. 2. 2. With the keyboard type 930 for the numeric location and press Enter. Use the Copy – mirror command to copy the girders from grid line C to gridline F. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 29 . 3. In the GRID 1 view pick the grid intersection C-15500. Copy girders 1. Double-click the Create beam icon. Use the cursor to snap (Do not pick!!) in the Y direction. 4. 6.Crane Girders Next we will add crane girders to the framing.

Click Objects by phases. Press the OK button. 1. Help: Modeling > Settings and tools > Settings > Phases Change the Phase of BasicModel2 Members. 2. Click File > Save as… Click after the path C:\TeklaStructuresModels.The BasicModel2 model is now complete.. Click Properties > Phase number. 1. in the field at the bottom of the dialog box and type \BasicModelCombined. to open the Phase manager dialog box. To be able to manage the objects from the two models after we have combined them we will first transfer the model 2 parts a different phase. By default only Phase 1 appears in the dialog box. The model has now been saved with the new name. This command copies objects from specified phase(s) from another model. To copy the objects from another model we will use the command. Select Phase 1. 3. Save the model Save the model with a new name Save the model.5 Combine Models 1&2 Next we will combine BasicModel1 and BasicModelCombined by copying the objects in phase 1 from BasicModel1. 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .. Copy from model. 2. Preparation Check objects by phases 1. 3.

After combining the models the footings on gridline C will no longer be needed and you can delete them. 3. In the BasicModel1 the column footings on gridline B were dimensioned both for steel columns on gridline B and concrete columns on gridline C. Click Modify phase. Now all of the parts in the model have changed to Phase number 2. 4. Click Add button to add a new phase.. Also edit the name of the Phase 1 to Model 1. Edit > Copy from Model Since we did not edit the phases in BasicModel1 they all belong to phase number 1. indicating they belong to Phase 1. 7. Select the BasicModel1 as the model to copy from in the Model directories list.All the parts in the model will become highlighted. Add a new phase – Model2 4. Edit the name of the new phase to Model 2. 6.. 9. 5. 2. Enter 1 as the phase number from which to copy the objects. Click Edit > Copy > From model. Remove the pad footing Delete the pad footings from grid line C. Click Copy. See that all of the parts are still highlighted in the Model 2 phase. 8. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 31 . Copy from model 1.

The model 1 parts will now in the combined model. and material). Change the Model 1 Part Properties and Numbering Series The Model 1 parts were created without paying attention to part properties and they are not consistent with the Model 2 parts (color. With the Copy > From model command you are not able to import drawings with the model. numbering series. name. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

Class and Numbering series switches. To achieve this we will need to modify the Model 1 part properties so that they are consistent with the Model 2 parts.The different numbering series and material would result otherwise equal parts getting different numbers when numbering. Select the Model 1 pad footings. In this combined model we want all of the parts to be numbered according to the numbering series shown in the table in the beginning of the lesson. 3. 2. The properties of the connection parts to be created in the new model will be consistent with the existing ones since we used same default Preferences in both models. Change Pad footing properties 1. Material. You can try the available select filters for selecting the footings. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 33 . Remove the modify switches and check only Name. Load the FOOTING properties.

You can now choose the new filter from the drop down list.4. Help: Modeling > Settings and tools > Filter > Select filter Define select filter for footing 1. For steel/concrete beams and columns we will add also the material as the filtering criteria to be able to filter them separately. By following the procedure above change the properties for: • • • • • • • • • Beams Concrete beams Columns Concrete columns Slabs Hollowcore slabs Horizontal bracing Vertical Bracing Silos 1. 4. 2. Change other parts properties Click Modify. We will use the name of the part as the filtering criteria. Enter name FOOTING in the Name field of Parts tab. 3. Enter name FOOTING in the Save as field and click Save as. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Click the Display select filter dialog icon to open the Select filter dialog box.6 Define Your Own Select Filters To make the selecting of parts easier in the future we will now define select filters for each part type. Load the standard filter to turn out all the possible filtering.

By following the procedure above define select filters for: Concrete beams Steel columns Concrete columns Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 35 .By following the procedure above define select filters for: • • • • • • • Define Select filter for plates Slabs Hollowcore slabs Horizontal bracing Vertical Bracing Silos Rafters Purlins To define select filters for plates created both manually and by the connections: 1. Enter name PLATE in the Save as field and click Save as Define Select filter for steel beams To define select filters for Steel Beams: 3. Enter name *PLATE* in the Name field of Parts tab. (S* matches all materials with a material name that begins with the characters S) 5. (*PLATE* matches all parts of which name includes word PLATE) 2. Enter the name BEAM in the Name field of Parts tab. 4. • • • Enter name BEAM_STEEL in the Save as field and click Save as. Enter S* in the Material field of Parts tab.

Create your own select filters to use both when modeling and using wizards to automate drawing creation.g. Save the model Finally save the model. attributes from the model folder). Browse to BasicModelCombined > Attributes. 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Basic Modeling 2 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Copy from model command only copies the objects from another model (not e. 5. Paste. Tools > Open model folder. 3. Bring the BasicModel1 attributes 1. 4. 2. Browse to model BasicModel1 > Attributes. Copy the files. We will now bring the attributes created in Basicmodel 1 to BasicModelCombined.

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..............15 Modify Material Catalog – Add a New Material........3 6.......................3 Use the New Library Profile – Add Footing Beams to Model.........................................................................1 6......................................................2 6..............Contents 6 Catalog ........................................................................................20 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Contents i .....................................................3 Modify Profile Catalog – Add a New Profile.

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You will also learn how to add a parametric profile to the profile catalog and how to add user-defined information in existing catalogs. Introduction Catalogs are databases containing detailed information about profiles. See more for profile import and export in Tekla Structures Help: System > Catalogs > The profile catalog > Merging profile catalogs. Catalogs can also be imported and exported. which are available for use in your project. We will first create a contour plate to define the shape of the new cross section. 6. The macro adds the profile and the cross section to profile catalog. For example.1 Modify Profile Catalog – Add a New Profile In this exercise we will define a new cross section and profile using Tekla Structures Profile cross section from plate (S10) macro. You will learn how to create a new profile cross section and how to define a rule group for it. we will just pick the points which describe the outline of the profile. In this lesson you will also learn how to add a new material type and a new grade to the material catalog. See more about views in Tekla Structures Help: Modeling > Getting started > Views > View properties. For now. Catalogs can also contain project or company-specific information. and then we will use the new profile in our model. First we will create a polygon by picking corner points according to the dimensions shown below. the bolt catalog contains a library of standard bolts and bolt assemblies used in structural steelwork. later we will modify those corners which need to have a radius. Define the Cross Section Shape Create a contour plate You can create the contour plate in any Plane angle view. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog 3 . See more about material catalogs in Tekla Structures Help: System > Catalogs > The material catalog. After the profile catalog has been updated.6 Catalog In this lesson This lesson explains how to view and modify the catalogs. materials and bolts. which provides you with the ability to create user defined cross sections and user-defined profiles automatically from a contour plate. the new profile will then be used for modeling. See more in Tekla Structures Help: System > Catalogs > Things you should know about catalogs.

in Snap settings toolbar. Also set ortho to on by pressing the letter O.Before starting to create the polygon. 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . check that you have Snap to any position on. 1. 4. Pick any starting point for the polygon. Tekla Structures will automatically open the Enter a numeric location dialog. 6. On the keyboard. Pick the Create contour plate icon. 7. Press Enter. Move the cursor in the desired direction for a second point. Close the polygon by clicking the middle button. 3. Repeat for each corner point for the whole polygon outline. Tekla Structures creates a new point at the given location. 2. enter a distance. 5.

It is important that your work plane is parallel to the plate. Create the Profile Add a new profile to catalog When the contour plate shape has been completed. 4. 1.Add rounding to the contour plate corners We will next complete the cross section shape by modifying the contour plate inner corners.. which need to be rounded and press Modify. E. 3. They are transferred to the cross section and further to the profile using Tekla Structures Profile cross section from plate (S10) macro.e. 2.g. Open Profile cross-section from plate (10) dialog box by double-clicking the icon on connections toolbar. if you create the plate in the x-y plane (i. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog 5 .. The contour plate can have rounded chamfers. See more about chamfers in Tekla Structures Help: Modeling > Detailing > Detailing commands > Chamfer. holes. See more about work plane in Tekla Structures Help: Modeling > Getting started > View reference >View > Workplane > Work plane. Tekla Structures rounds the selected chamfer. 1.e. which require a radius. Double-click the chamfer to open the dialog and then select the round chamfer type from pull-down list. Enter a value for the radius and press Modify. Leave the dialog open and select the other chamfers. you are ready to add your own cross section and profile to profile catalog using Tekla Structures Profile cross section from plate (S10) macro. part adds or cuts. First zoom in to one of the contour plate corners. on the ground) then ensure that your work plane is in the same plane (i. Pick the contour plate chamfer. which need a radius. in the 3d view).

Define profile attributes Select the directory. where the profile catalog will be saved. Enter Profile name (note that section and profile can have same name). Select the Profile attributes tab page. See more about folders in Tekla Structures System > Files and folders > Folders. Enter the profile's weight / m³. 4.Define profile parameters On the Parameters tab page we will enter a name for the profile cross section and the profile (blank spaces are NOT allowed in name). 3. We must also decide where the new profile will be saved. Enter Section name (be sure that the name is not already in use. 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Next we will define the profile's type and main dimensions. 2. Tekla Structures will overwrite the existing name). 5. See more in Tekla Structures System > Catalogs > The profile catalog. 6.

9. you can add the profile to the profile catalog. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog 7 . pick the contour plate.7. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick the object. 8. Create profile Select the profile type from the pull-down list. Enter the profile's main dimensions. Press Apply. After you have entered all of the necessary information in the dialog. After you have picked the plate. Tekla Structures generates a new profile cross section and adds the profile to the profile catalog. Tekla Structures also creates a sample profile on top of the contour plate.

8 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .Check the Results Once the profile has been created. Then we'll check the profile catalog. the next step is to see that the result is correct. Check profile properties 1. Tekla Structures opens a Beam properties dialog. Double-click the new profile. We will first open the profile properties dialog and check its content.

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog 9 .2. 3. See more information about profile catalog in Tekla Structures Help: System > Catalogs > The profile catalog. 1. Check profile catalog Check that Profile field has the correct profile name. Close the Beam properties dialog. Select Catalog > Profiles > Modify… from the File pull-down menu to access the Tekla Structures Profile catalog.

which was defined in the Type field in the macro dialog. is correct. 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Check the profile dimensions and general information on the General tab page. See that the cross section name in the Profile subtype field is the same as you defined in the macro dialog. fixed rule group. Check that they are correct. Use the Profile in Model Define beam settings Once the profile has been created we can immediately use it in our model. Tekla Structures places user defined profiles automatically under this rule. Tekla Structures has automatically calculated the cross section area and unit weight for the new profile. 5. Pick the Analysis tab page. Find the new profile under User defined. Press the OK button to save the profile and close the dialog. 3. Also check that the Equivalent type. Complete the settings in beam properties dialog and start creating the crane beams. 4.2.

Select the crane beam and copy it between the grid lines 4 and 7. end at the middle of the supporting beam on line 4. Create one crane beam between lines 1 and 4. 3. 1. 4. When the beam settings are ready we can begin to create the crane beams. Double-click the Create beam icon and complete the beam properties as described below. Create the cranes Press OK on both dialogs. Select MY_I_PROFILE from Select profile list dialog under Library profile category > User defined. 3. fixed rule set.1. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog 11 . 2. 2. Zoom in to intersection of grid lines F and 1 on top of the IPE450 supporting beam. First we will create one beam and check that the shape and position are correct. Start at the outer edge of the supporting beam on line 1. Select both crane beams and copy them to the other side of the building on grid line C.

g. Type in the Rule name My properties. Profiles are grouped according to rules such as profile type (e. Choose the Profile type to which the rule will be applied.g. to group all MY_PROFILES enter *MY* in the name filter field. Enter the Name filter string that will define the new rule. Add a Rule to Profile Catalog Next we will add a rule for the new profile in the profile catalog. 2. See more about rules in Tekla Structures Help: System > Catalogs > The profile catalog > Working with rules. Right-click on the profile tree dialog (File -> Catalog -> Profiles -> Modify…). HEA). click Add rule to display the Profile manager rules dialog box. See more about filters in Tekla Structures System > Catalogs > Things you should know > The filter. 3.We now have crane beams on both sides of the building. 4. Tekla Structures groups the catalog entries that satisfy your criteria under a new rule. Add a rule 1. I profiles) and profile sub-type (e. In this case. 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

8. 4. 3. MANUFACTURER) for the new attribute..g. 1. enclose * or ? in square brackets. For that you need to re-open the profile catalog. Enter value for the attribute Press Update. Tekla Structures updates the attribute values. Create a new user attribute Select the User attributes tab page in the Modify profile catalog dialog. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog 13 . Press the Definitions… button. Select User defined. enter P100[*]10 in the filter field. My workshop) into Value field on the User attributes tab. 1. fixed profile type from pull-down list.g. Insert a manufacturer name (e. Enter a name (e. Select MY_I_PROFILE from profile catalog. 6. Manufacturer) for the attribute under Label. enter *100*. 7. 5. Tekla Structures opens a Modify profile properties dialog box. Under Property name enter a unique name (e. When re-opening the Modify profile properties dialog. Press OK to save the rule and close the dialog. Press OK to save the information. If the object name you want to filter contains * or ?.g. Check that Quantity type is set to String. to find the profile P100*10. This text will be displayed in the dialog. Press Add. meaning "all entries". Add User-Defined Information to Profile We will next add the profile manufacturer information into the profile catalog by way of user-defined attributes. See more in Tekla Structures System > Catalogs > The profile catalog > Adding user defined attributes to a profile. E. Tekla Structures creates a new user defined attribute.g. The characters * and ? can also be used in object names. the new attribute appears under User defined.As a default the wildcard symbol (*) is entered. 2. To group all catalog entries with names containing 100. Blank spaces are NOT allowed in the name. To group all catalog entries with names beginning with A. enter A* as the Name filter string. 5. 2. fixed -type profiles.

with no spaces. Add a Library Profile – Parametric Profiles We will next add a standard (fixed) profile to the profile catalog using a pre-defined parametric profile. 2. Add profile 1. Tekla Structures will automatically convert lowercase text to uppercase in this field. The profile name must be uppercase. otherwise we would have to define the dimensions for the parametric profile in the beam properties dialog. This makes it faster and easier to select the necessary profile when adding it to the model. Change the profile name to MY_FOOTING_BEAM1. Right. Press Update to enter the information to selected profile. A new profile will be created with the name PROFILE (number).in the tree structure and click Add profile. 3. Press OK to save the information and close the dialog. 4. 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Set profile properties Select Catalog > Profiles > Modify… from the File pull-down menu.3. See more information about profile catalog in Tekla Structures System > Catalogs > The profile catalog.

Define Beam Properties We will first set the beam properties. Choose the Profile type. 6.SK. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog 15 . Press OK to save the values. These dimensions will be fixed on the part properties dialogs. Select the profile 1. Press Update to insert the values to the profile. Enter dimensions for the profile.4. and can be changed only in the Modify profile catalog dialog. parametric from pull-down list and the Profile subtype StdLib. Double-click Create concrete beam icon to open the properties dialog. User defined. 6.2 Use the New Library Profile – Add Footing Beams to Model We will next use the new library profile to model footing beams. 5. find the correct profile and set the correct position. 7.

4. 5. Select MY_FOOTING_BEAM1. 3.2. 6. Tekla Structures opens the Select profile dialog. MY_FOOTING_BEAM1 appears in Shape field in the Concrete beam properties dialog. Select Library profile for profile category. Select the Position tab page and set the position as shown below. Set the position Press OK to accept the profile and to close the dialog. Select the new profile by pushing … (Browse) button. 16 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . The dimensions are fixed and can only be changed in the Modify profile catalog dialog.

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog 17 . Create Footing Beams When the beam settings have been completed you can start creating the footing beams. Pick the starting point for footing beam on plane view +0. Create first one beam and check that the shape and position are correct.00 at the intersection of the grid line and the column outer plane.7. Press OK in Concrete beam properties dialog to accept the beam settings and to close the dialog. Create footing beams 1. Pick the end point for the footing beam on plane view +0.00 at the outer corner of column. 2.

Skip the corner and continue creating footing beams between grid lines 6 and 4. See more about polybeams in Tekla Structures Help: Modeling> Parts > Steel part commands > Polybeam. Check the position by creating part views. Make the start point at the end point of previous beam and the end point at the next grid line. Repeat for the next beam. Complete by clicking the middle button. right-click and select. 4. 6. You should now have 3 footing beams at grid line 7. Create view > Part basic views… Select the Create concrete beam icon again and create the next footing beam. Create Polybeam We will now create a footing beam to wrap around the corner using the polybeam function. 5.3. 18 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Pick the footing beam.

Continue by creating the footing beams on grid line 3. Select Create concrete beam icon again and pick the starting point at the end point of beam between grid lines E and F. Create the last two footing beams between grid lines E and C. Then pick to the column outer corner.Third point First point Second point Create footing polybeam 1. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog 19 . 3. 3. Make the third pick at grid line 6. 2. 2. Complete Footing Beams Create the remaining footing beams 1. 4. Complete the polybeam by clicking the middle button. Create another footing polybeam at the corner.

20 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Right-click on a material branch in the tree and select Add miscellaneous branch. Open the material catalog Select File > Catalog > Materials > Modify… from File pull-down menu to open the Modify material catalog dialog. Create a new material type If the material type you need is missing from the tree. 1.6.3 Modify Material Catalog – Add a New Material We will next add a new material called Neoprene to the catalog. you can create a new one. Add a New Material Type We will first create a new material type under which the new material will be created. Neoprene will be used later on concrete consoles. See more about material catalog in Tekla Structures System > Catalogs > The material catalog.

3.Add a New Material We will next add a zero-weight material under the miscellaneous branch and use it for silos in the model. Type Zero_weight for the material name in the tree. Create a new material grade 2. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog 21 . Right-click on Miscellaneous branch in the tree and select Add grade.

Push Modify button in the Column properties dialog to change the material of the silos. 1.00 for profiles and plates. 3.4. Close Select material dialog by clicking OK. We will next use the new zero-weight material for the silos in order to exclude the silos out from the total weight of the model. Change material of the silos Select the two silos in the model and double-click on one of them while holding the Shift button down to open the properties dialog. Save the new material type and grade by pressing OK. 2. 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Catalog Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Add the material's density 0. 5. Select Zero_weight material from Select material list.

0 April 26. 2004 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .Tekla Structures Basic Training Tekla Structures 10.

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....................1 11............................Contents 11 Assembly and Single Part Drawings ...............................................2 11........................................................................................................................36 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings i ....28 Edit Drawings Manually ....................7 11...................................................32 Cloning Drawings .......4 Edit Drawing Properties ... 3 11...................3 11........................................3 Create Drawings Using Drawing Wizards...............................................................................................................................................................................21 Create Drawings Manually.............8 Integration between Drawings and the Model.............................................................................................................................29 Updating Assembly and Single-part Drawings.................5 11...........11 Create New Drawing Wizard ..............................................4 11...........................................................................................6 11........

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Then we will show how the same drawings can be created manually.1 Integration between Drawings and the Model Assembly and Single-Part Drawings Single-part drawings are workshop drawings of each of the individual steel parts in the model. We will then edit the drawing properties and create a new drawing wizard. 11. Tekla Structures will then automatically assign the original drawing to another member with the original position mark. the drawing is a view of one of these members. contains information about the quantity of all of the identical members. The Drawing Wizard will use the edited drawing properties and the select filters that we defined in an earlier lesson. We will also demonstrate how updating effects the drawings. We will first create single-part and assembly drawings by using predefined drawing wizards (drawing wizards are an automatic way of creating single. in which details of an assembly consisting of the steel parts are presented for fabrication. it will get a new position mark at the next numbering. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 3 . All of the views in single-part or assembly drawings are current views of the members as they are in the model. When the model contains any identical members. Assembly drawings are workshop drawings. The drawing.11 Assembly and Single Part Drawings In this lesson We will introduce the creation of assembly and single-part drawings in Tekla Structures. If the "host" member of the drawing is modified or deleted. assembly and multi-drawings). Revision control of all drawing types is presented in Lesson 10 Principles of working with drawings. however.

assembly.Tekla Structures integrates the drawings and reports with the model. You can use the predefined wizard files. For more information. or create your own drawing wizards.2 Create Drawings Using Drawing Wizards Once you have numbered the model. Because the information in the drawings and reports comes directly from the model. You can create drawings and reports at any stage of the project. If you change the model. edit them. For more information on drawing wizards. you can create assembly and single-part drawings from the model. or make them invisible. The Wizard dialog box lists the available wizard files. 11. for example. see: Help: Drawing > Getting started with drawings > Using drawing wizards Help: Drawing > Getting started with drawings > Drawings reference > File > Wizard… Drawing wizards cannot be used to create cast unit (CU) drawings of concrete structures. columns. Wizards automatically produce different types of drawings of different parts. see Help: Drawing > Introduction to drawings > Basics. you cannot delete any of the parts or bolts from the drawings. such as beams. dimensions and marks in the drawings are always correct. and braces. You can use wizards to create single-part. This means that. or multi-drawings using the settings defined in the wizard files. You are able to filter out parts and bolts in the drawings. Tekla Structures updates the related drawings when you next carry out numbering. 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Drawing wizards are the most effective way to create drawings in Tekla Structures.

Create single-part drawings of steel beams 1. With the given select filter. Define the drawing properties to be used. 3. To view the creation of the drawings. Model members which will be selected by the select filter must exist. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 5 . The appropriate wizard file must exist. Preconditions of using a drawing wizard: • • • • Numbering of the model must be up to date. 4. Define the drawing type to be created (single. By creating wizards that match the select filters and drawing properties in the project you can automatically create all single and assembly drawings of the parts using the correct predefined properties. Create Single-Part Drawings of Selected Parts We will now use a drawing wizard to create single-part drawings of selected steel beams and plates. assembly or multi). select the parts from which to create drawings. The saved select filters listed in the wizard file must exist. you can choose whether the wizard creates drawings from all parts of the model. or just from the selected parts. open the drawing list by clicking the Open drawing list icon. The saved drawing properties listed in the wizard file must exist. 2. Create drawings. Open the BasicModelCombined. Select the whole model with an area selection. 2. drawing wizards automatically perform the following steps: 1. 4. Select the BEAM_STEEL from the drop down list of available Select filters. When you apply a wizard. 3.Functionality of Drawing Wizards For each member type in the model.

In the drawing list check that the single-part drawings with the title BEAM were created. Open a few single-part drawings for viewing. 8. 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 9. 6. Select File > Wizard… from the menu or click the Wizard icon on the Standard toolbar to open the Wizard dialog box. Select Single Drawings on the Wizards tab. Click the Create from selected button. 7.5.

Select Single Drawings on the Wizards tab in the wizard dialog box. you could create single-part drawings from any other selected steel parts in the model (columns. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 7 . Select the PLATE select filter. 5. In the drawings list check that the single-part drawings with the title PLATE were created. angles. Click the Create from selected button. Using the procedure outlined above. etc. now create the single part drawings of the plates. 4. 6.Create single-part drawings from plates Following the procedure above. Open a few single-part drawings for viewing. 1. 3. braces.). 2. Select the whole model with an area selection.

To create single-part drawings from all of the steel parts at once you can use the option Create from all. 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Note that Tekla Structures will not create single-part drawings or assembly drawings from concrete parts.It is advisable to create all the single and assembly drawings with the wizard. Click the Wizard icon to open the Wizard dialog box. Use the Create from all button to create drawings from the whole model at once. Create Assembly Drawings of All Parts Next we will create assembly drawings of all of the parts by using another drawing wizard. 3. To create all of the assembly drawings: Create assembly drawings 1. In the drawings list check that the assembly drawings were created correctly (sort the drawing list by Title). Select Assembly Drawings on the Wizards tab. even for a single part. Click OK in the dialog box to stop creating the drawings. Tekla Structures displayes a Cancel dialog box during the creation drawings. 2. Click the Create from all button. 4.

Open a few assembly drawings (which are not named STANDARD) for viewing. Click the Filter .Select parts button. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 9 . Select drawings with the title STANDARD in the drawing list.5. the predefine wizards creates drawings using STANDARD properties. For parts that don't match with the drawing properties or filters listed in the wizard file. 2. Select parts with drawing title STANDARD 1.

The drawing list shows now only the assembly drawing created from the brace selected in the model. e. Click the Display . 3. a single-part or assembly drawing.By parts button. 2. A drawing wizard will not create a duplicate drawing for any member already having. that objects like braces are highlighted in the model (the default wizard does not have a request for bracing). Click the Filter . 4. 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .All button to ensure that all drawings are shown in the list. Open the drawing The brace drawing was created with standard properties and not properties defined for bracing. Select one vertical brace on gridline A.g. Open brace drawing 1.The parts associated with the selected drawing are now highlighted in the model. You will find that e.g.

11. we will first remove the existing dimensions from the drawing. The drawing now appears without any dimensions and only the main view is visible. The editing we will do are just examples of using the drawing properties. Study the Online help for information on each of the separate fields available in the drawing properties. you should modify drawings by changing the drawing properties. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 11 . Right-click on the drawing and select Properties… to open the Assembly drawing properties. These modifications remain when the drawing is recreated due to a model change. Click Modify. Using this drawing we will save the properties for the horizontal bracing. To illustrate the effect of single fields. 3. As an example we will open one vertical brace drawing for editing. Load properties no_dimension 1. You can also use saved drawing properties in wizards. The final drawing you get depends on the environment you are using and may not be identical to this example.3 Edit Drawing Properties We will now define specific drawing properties for both horizontal and vertical bracing and save the properties to be used later in the drawing wizard. We will edit dimensioning protection and part mark properties. We will then edit some more properties and save them for the vertical bracing. Load the predefined properties no_dimensions. 2. Help: Drawing > Dimensioning Help: Drawing > Drawing Properties Whenever possible.

In the Assembly drawing properties dialog box click Dimensioning… > Part dimensions.By default. Main part overall dimension 1. Click Apply and then Modify. The first dimension we will add is the main part overall dimension. Select Once for Main part overall dimensions. 3. However. 3. 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 2. In the Assembly drawing properties dialog box click the View… button Choose the option on for the Front and Top views Click Apply and then Modify Now both the front and top views are displayed. Display both front and top views 1. Tekla Structures creates the additional views only if it is necessary in order to show the dimensions in the drawing. we want to have both the front and top views in the brace drawings regardless of the dimensions that may be needed. for our purposes. 2.

On the Bolt dimensions tab select Assembly for Extreme bolts. We will next add the dimension between the extreme bolts. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 13 . 2.The main part overall dimension appears. Click Apply and Modify. Extreme bolts 1.

2. On the Part dimensions tab turn Main part shape: to On. We then continue by dimensioning the main part cuts Main part shape To dimension the cuts in the main part: 1. Click Apply and then Modify.The distance between the extreme bolts appears. Help: Drawing > Dimensioning > Dimension planes 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 15 . Click Apply and then Modify. Change dimension type from absolute to relative 1. We will change the dimension type to relative. 3. This is due to the dimension type defined in the Assembly – Dimension properties tab. In the Assembly drawing properties dialog box click Dimension… Change the Dimension types / In X direction to relative (see fig below). 2.The dimensions of the cuts appear in absolute dimensions.

16 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . XS_NO_RELATIVE_SHAPE_DIMENSIONS.The dimensions of main part cuts now appear as relative dimensions. out the shape dimensions would always be relative despite the option chosen in the Dimension properties dialog box. By commenting environment variable.

In cases where Tekla Structures can not find a free place for an object the objects will overlap with each others despite the switches in the protection dialog box. 1. These options define that dimension lines may not overlap parts. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 17 .Protection You can protect areas in drawings to prevent text or dimensions being placed there. Select the checkboxes shown below.g. In the Assembly drawing properties dialog box click Protection. This way you can e. above) overlapping with the dimension line. 3. prevent the part mark (1012 in the fig. These options define that Part marks may not overlap dimension lines. 2. Select the checkboxes shown below.

We will then continue to edit the drawing little and save the properties for vertical bracing. Save as properties for bracing_H 1. click the Save as button 18 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Type bracing_H in the Name: field of Assembly drawing properties dialog box. 2.4. Click Apply and then Modify We will now save the properties that we have applied so far for horizontal bracing. For vertical bracing we want to see the secondary part bolt internal dimensions and change the part mark frame little. Type bracing_H_TR in the Save as field.

On the Assembly . Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 19 . 2. Click Apply and then Modify.We will now add bolt dimensions to the vertical bracing.Dimensioning properties > Bolt dimensions tab select Internal for Secondary part bolt internal dimensions. Secondary part bolt internal 1.

part mark properties / General tab: 1. Change the frame of part marks We will next change the part mark frame to be rectangular. On the Assembly .The bolt distance dimensions of the gusset plates appear. 20 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Change the Frame around mark to rectangular.

click the Save as button 11. Click Apply and then Modify The frames of part mark change to rectangular. Type bracing_V_TR in the Save as field. Save as properties for bracing_V 1. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 21 .4 Create New Drawing Wizard We will next create a new drawing wizard that matches the select filters created earlier and the available drawing properties. Type bracing_V in the Name: field of Assembly drawing properties dialog box.2. We will also save the properties for those parts that don't match our wizard to be shown as INCOMPLETE in the drawing list. We will add two new drawing requests to create horizontal and vertical braces and use the new properties defined for them. 2.

Help: System > Files and folders > Customizing Tekla Structures > Creating wizard files Help: System > Files and folders > Log files > Wizard log To create the new wizard file: Open existing wizard file 1. Save as the properties with name INCOMPLETE. Open an existing wizard file. To create a new drawing wizard. 2. 2. we will perform the following steps: 1. 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Click Edit to open the wizard file in a text editor. 3. Modify the new file. We will now use an existing wizard as the basis for constructing our own wizard. Click the Wizard icon to open the Wizard dialog box. Save it with another name. Test the functionality of the new wizard. Select Assembly Drawings on the Wizards tab. The following links present more information on customizing the wizard settings and the contents of a wizard file. 2. Load standard drawing properties.Create properties INCOMPLETE 1. Edit the Name: field to INCOMPLETE. 4. 3. 3.

Check that the ASSEMBLY_TR.Save wizard file with another name 1.dproc as the file name and click Save.. In the system folder the wizard files are available for use in all models. Modified and saved wizard files are saved in the same folder. unless you define another destination folder (such as the model folder). 2. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 23 .dproc. Browse to the attributes folder under your model folder. you need to close and reopen the model. Select Save as… from the File menu of the text editor to save the wizard file with another name.\countries\*environment*\system folder.dproc file was created in the attributes subfolder by selecting Open model folder from the Tools menu. Note that the file extension has to be . enter ASSEMBLY_TR. 3. To have the new wizard file shown in the Wizard dialog box. The predefined wizard files are located in the .

3. 2. Open the Wizard dialog box. Select an existing drawing request for purlins (shown highlighted below) and copy it two times under the original request. Select ASSEMBLY_TR on the Wizards tab and click Edit.Modify wizard file 1. 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

to match the criteria for vertical and horizontal bracing shown highlighted in yellow below. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 25 . Edit the requests that you copied.4.

Delete requests 5. • • Delete the requests that don't match our select filters: trusses ladders 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

The order of these requests is important. select the ASSEMBLY_TR wizard and click Create from all. for this project. since Tekla Structures creates only one drawing for each selected object. 2. Apply own wizard file 1. • • • • Change the select filters defined for steel parts in this project: column_filter to COLUMN_STEEL beam_filter to BEAM_STEEL purlin_filter to PURLIN etc. Edit the last request to be as shown: /* Create rest of assembly drawings */ set_drawing_type(assembly) set_drawing_attributes(INCOMPLETE) set_filter(standard) create_drawings() Save the wizard file 8. Request for the rest of the assembly drawings 7. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 27 . Delete all of the assembly drawings in the drawing list. A wizard file is comprised of several sets of drawing requests. Open the Wizard dialog box. The first request that matches the criteria of select filters is applied.Next we will change all the requests to use the select filters that we defined earlier. Now we want to ensure that the new wizard file functions correctly. Change the select filters 6. Click Save to save the changes and to close the text editor.

5 Create Drawings Manually In Tekla Structures. This process is called the manual creation of drawings. Select Properties > Assembly drawing… in the menu to open the Assembly drawing properties dialog box. Select the model objects. • • • Check the drawing list to see that correct drawing properties were used: The titles of the created assembly drawings INCOMPLETE bracing_V. for selected parts. 2. The steps for the manual creation of drawings are basically the same as the steps used by the drawing wizard: 1. in contrast to the drawing creation with wizards. marks. Select column properties in the drop-down box next to the Load button. To manually create assembly drawings from all columns: Delete column assembly Create assembly drawings drawings from columns Open the drawing list and delete all assembly drawings with the title COLUMN. dimensions. bracing_H 11. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . you can create single-part and assembly drawings by loading and applying predefined drawing properties for layout. Click Drawing > Assembly drawing to create assembly drawings or Drawing > Singlepart drawing to create single-part drawings. Create Assembly Drawings As example.3. we will create assembly drawings from the columns. 1. 3. etc. Select the column_filter on the Select switches toolbar and select the whole model. 2. 3. Load the predefined drawing properties.

5. Select Drawing > Assembly drawing in the menu to create the assembly drawings. For example. 6.6 Edit Drawings Manually It is possible to manually add and edit additional drawing objects (i. if you use the drawing properties to modify the drawing. You can also use the view filters in the View filter dialog box (opened from the View properties dialog box) to help selecting members in the model for drawing creation. dimensions. Open the first bracing_H drawing in the drawing list. Click Create Y dimension icon. Whenever possible. 2.4. you should modify drawings by editing only the drawing properties. Add bolt distance dimensions 1. lines. 11. graphics and marks) in Tekla Structures drawings. We will now edit a brace_H drawing manually to include same editing that we defined for vertical brace_V drawing properties (the bolt distance dimensions and the rectangular part mark frame). Click Load and OK. Open the drawing list and check that the correct drawings were created. text. symbols.e. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 29 . the modifications remain if the drawing must be recreated due to a model change.

To move the dimension: Select it and drag it to the desired position. Move the cursor to where you want the dimension to appear and click the middle button. 2.3. Double-click one of the part marks to open Part mark properties dialog box. Change the frame of part marks 1. 4. Pick the center points of bolts to be dimensioned. On General tab change the Frame around mark to rectangular and tick only this check box. 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Add the bolt dimension to the other end the same way.

4. Close the drawing. Modify. 5. Select all the part marks in the drawing. Now all the part marks in the drawing have rectangular frames. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 31 .3. click Save in the confirmation dialog box.

2. texts etc. 4. From the page 4 connection toolbar. Change the frame of part marks to rectangular. This indicates that the picture (the parts and bolts) and the marks of the member have been updated but not the dimensions. Changes in the model will result in some of the drawings will no longer be up-to-date. Tubebolts2 and Tubebolts3 tab pages edit the vertical bolt spacing to 80 as shown below. The difference is that part of the horizontal brace editing was done manually. Open the second bracing_H drawing. 2. Switch the P flag on a frozen drawing to an *.). Update the quantities on a drawing with an N flag. Add the bolt distance dimensions. Updating will: • • • Regenerate any drawings with a P flag that are unfrozen. the updating deletes all the manual editing (added dimensions. We will study how updating effects the edited drawings. 4. 11.Edit the other bracing_H drawing 1. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . click Save and Freeze in the confirmation dialog box An F appears in the drawing list to show this drawing is frozen. In the Tubebolts1. Changes in the Model Change gusset plate bolt spacing 1. Close the drawing.7 Updating Assembly and Single-part Drawings We will now modify our model by changing the bolt spacing of all of the gusset plate connections. Now the drawings of the horizontal bracing have the same editing as the vertical bracing. Check that the Ignore other types is selected in the connection dialog box. To be able to open the drawings you will need to run numbering and update them. double-click the Tube gusset (20) icon. 3. 3. Select all the connections in the model.

To be able to open the drawings you need to run numbering and update them. 3. Once the numbering is carried out the flags in the Drawings list shows all of the affected drawings that need to be updated. Select the bracing_V drawings from the list. Click Modify. Click Update. Now the model has changed and some of the drawings are no longer up to date. They will be complete right after updating. since they are simply recreated using their own attributes. 2. Run numbering Select Tools > Numbering > Modified.5. To update drawings: 1. Help: Drawing > Getting started with drawings > Drawing status flags Update vertical brace drawings The vertical brace drawings were created with only the predefined drawing attributes. Open the drawings to see that they are ok. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 33 .

1. 2. Select the bracing_H drawing that is not frozen.Update not frozen horizontal brace drawing Since the drawing is not frozen the updating regenerates the drawing but deletes all the manual editing (in this case the added bolt dimensions and part mark frame change). There is no Undo for the updating the drawings command. Click Update. 3. Open the drawing You can see the manually added dimension has disappeared and the part mark frame is back to rounded. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

The dimension is now correct. Select the frozen bracing_H drawing from the list. If major modifications in the model create problems with a drawing you can always recreate the drawing with the automatic settings. Select the dimension line and click the Add / remove dimension point icon.Updating a frozen drawing updates the picture of the member and the marks. 3. Updating a frozen drawing can lead to a situation of incomplete or erroneous dimensioning. Use Shift and pick the wrong dimension points to remove them. Pick the correct points (the center points of bolts) to dimension. We will need to fix up any dimensions that need updating. The fact that a lot of time can be spent editing drawings. You must manually complete or edit the dimensioning. but not the dimensions or manual editing. Open drawing with an *. 2. Update frozen horizontal braze drawing To update frozen drawings: 1. Click Update. 6. 7. it is advisable to always freeze manually edited drawings. 8. You can see that the bolt dimension still appears but is not correct. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 35 . 4. 5. The P gets replaced by an *. Click Add / remove dimension point icon.

Due to the integration between drawings and the model a drawing that is not up-to-date cannot be opened.8 Cloning Drawings For more information.9. It is not possible to open earlier revisions of the drawings. see Help: Drawing > Getting started with drawings > Working with drawings > Cloning drawings. Save the drawing and the * flag will be removed. 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . You can filter up-to-date drawings with Filter > Up to date button. To get non up to date drawings listed press Display > Invert button after Filter > Up to date. 11.

Tekla Structures Basic Training Tekla Structures 10. 2004 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .0 April 23.

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..............................12 Run AutoConnection ...........8 Create a New AutoConnection Rule Group..........................5 Study the Connections Created.....5 AutoConnections ..........2 7.......................................................1 7...Contents 7 Steel Detailing .............................................................................................................25 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Contents i ............3 General about the Criteria the Connections Are Created with ...............................................................................................................................3 7..............4 7........................................................................................................................................................3 7.................

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2. As creating AutoConnections you can also choose which connection properties you want to use (AutoDefaults). We then investigate little the logic how certain connections are created to certain positions according the AutoConnection rules. We will then create new AutoConnection rules for this project. remove the existing connections and replace them using new AutoConnection rules group. We will also investigate how AutoConnections react to changes in the model. With AutoConnection. Tekla Structures automatically creates similar connections for similar framing conditions. Select all the connections and delete them. or rule group.1 AutoConnections You can create connections either manually (as we did in Lesson 2) or by using AutoConnections. Create or open pre-defined view where only steel members are visible. 7.7 Steel Detailing In this lesson In this chapter we will first create connections by using default AutoConnection / AutoDefault rules. Help: Creating connections Help: Using Autoconnections AutoConnections is recommendable way to create connections. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing 3 . Use AutoConnection to have Tekla Structures automatically create connections using a predefined set of rules. Run Default AutoConnections Delete connections 1.

Click Detailing > AutoConnection. 3. Select all the visible parts in the model.Create autoconnections 1. The connections are created. 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .. 5. 4. Click the Create connections button. to display the AutoConnection dialog box.. Select a default rule group Basic for AutoConnection. 2. Select a default rule group Factory defaults for AutoDefaults.

the conditions within the model have to match all the rules in the branch containing the connection. To apply a particular connection. a user defined group of rules for different standards. You can create connections using predefined rule group in AutoConnection dialog box (as we did above).2 General about the Criteria the Connections Are Created with The AutoConnection setup is a tree structure containing rules. Tekla Structures uses the first rule that matches the conditions within the model. Framing Conditions The 2nd level shows the six different predefined framing conditions in AutoConnection setup which you cannot change. projects. Rule Group The 1st level in the tree is the rule group. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing 5 . manufacturers or models.7. The order of the rules in the tree is important.

6 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .Rule Sets Under each framing condition you can create rule sets to specify which connection to use for specific conditions within the model. Each rule set can include several single rules to filter the cases.

The order of the rules in the tree is important. and the most generic.The name of the rule set is just descriptive name that is displayed in the tree structure. Connections Under each rule set you can select the connection to apply if the rule set criteria is met. so you should place the most limiting rule highest in the tree. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing 7 . Tekla Structures uses the first rule that matches the conditions within the model. The actual filtering is done according to criteria set in the rules. lowest. It is also possible to select that in this case no connection is created.

RHS. 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . It appears to be End plate (144). End Plate Check rule set used 1. Bracing) seems to match with the conditions in the model but the Default.3 Study the Connections Created We will now study two beam to beam web connections created by default rule group Basic. From the Beam to beam web framing condition in the AutoConnection setup check the names of the rule sets. 2. 7. CHS.You can change the priority of a rule set by right-clicking the rule set and selecting Move Up or Move Down. Double-click one of the straight beam to beam web connections around the silos. No other rule set name (Round tube.

.. Double-click one of the horizontal brazing connections in the grid line 1. Tube Gusset Check rule set used 1. Since the Default rule set does not have any rules defined all the Beam to beam web framing conditions that don't match with any other rule sets will match with the Default rule set. This is also the case with our example.3. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing 9 . to open the AutoConnection Rules dialog box. Right-click the Default rule set and select Edit rule set. You can see there are no rules defined in the right pane under Rules in rule set.

From the tree we can see the first rule set name that could match with our example condition is RHS. Right-click the RHS rule set and Select Edit rule set. 2. 3. 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . From the Beam to beam web framing condition in the AutoConnection setup check the names of the rule sets.It appears to be Tube gusset (20) connection...

Close the AutoConnection Rules dialog box..The only rule it includes is the Secondary 1 profile type = 8 (square pipe. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing 11 .. see the table below). So the rules match and the connection Tube gusset (20) is created. 5. 4. We will also study the next rule set that could have matched with the condition. Right-click the Bracing rule set and select Edit rule set.

However since the RHS rule set is before Bracing rule set it is used and connection 20 created instead of connection 11. Study some connection more Delete the connections Study some more connections from the model. Finally delete all the connections from the model.4 Create a New AutoConnection Rule Group We will now create a new AutoConnection rule group for this project.We can see the only rule is Secondary 1 Part name = BRAC*. TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 12 . 7. So also the Bracing rule set matches with the condition in our example.

We will create a rule group that automatically creates the connections created manually in Lesson 2 added with some connections needed for the Model2. page 1 Bracing Default Beam to column flange Crane support Default Tube gusset (20). Right-click the Basic rule group and select New rule group. page 1 Welded Column with stiffeners (128). page 4 Shear plate simple (146). page 4 End plate (144). 2. In this exercise we will create following rules for framing conditions: Framing condition Beam to beam web Rule set name Purlin Bracing Default Beam to column web Two sided Rules in rule set Secondary1 part name = PURLIN Secondary1 profile type = 8 No rule Number of secondaries = 2 Secondary1 part name = BEAM Secondary2 part name = BEAM Secondary1 profile type = 8 No rule Secondary1 profile = IPE450 No rule Connection Cold rolled overlap. page 1 We will define rule sets for framing conditions • • • Beam to beam flange Beam splices Column splices since we do not have those connections in our model. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing 13 . page 1 Two sided end plate (142). Create Rule Group Industrial Building Connections Create new rule group 1. Click Setup >AutoConnection… to open AutoConnection setup dialog box. page13 Tube gusset (20). page 3 End plate (144).

Right-click a connection No connection in the AutoConnection setup tree. Select connection type. to open the Connection Browser dialog box. By default the framing conditions do not have any rule sets defined. 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 2. press F2 key and edit the name to Industrial building connections. Beam to Beam Web We will start creating rule sets for Beam to beam web framing condition. 3.. Select the New rule group.A new rule group named New appears. Create Default connection 1.. only connection type No connection.

The tree is updated. Select Shear plate simple (146) connection and click OK to update the tree.3. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing 15 .

Right-click the rule set New and select Edit rule set.. 1. 2. 16 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . New and Default appear. Two rule sets.Rule for purlin connections We will now create additional rule sets to Beam to beam web framing. Right-click Beam to beam web framing condition and select Create additional rule sets. The connection we chose appears now under both rule sets New and Default..

Edit PURLIN as the Exact value for the rule. Edit Purlin as the name for the rule set. Select Cold rolled overlap connection for the Purlin rule set. Click OK and the tree is updated. 5. 6. 3. 4. 8. Click the right arrow button to move the selected rule into the list of Rules in rule set. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing 17 .The AutoConnection Rules dialog box opens. Select a rule Secondary 1 part name from the Available rules list. 7.

18 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . click OK.Rule for Bracing connections 1. 3. 2. Create an additional rule set to Beam to beam web framing. Right-click the New rule set created and select Edit rule set… Add the rule for Secondary 1 profile type to be 8 and name the rule as Bracing.

Test the rules We will now do a simple test to make sure our new rule group works. Select connection Tube gusset (20) for Bracing rule. 5. Click Apply in the AutoConnection setup dialog box to save the editing so far.4. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing 19 .

Click Detailing > AutoConnection… Select the Industrial building connections rule group. Select the parts of each conditions we have defined rules for (by using Ctrl). 4.1. 2. 20 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 5. 3. Click Create connections. Select Industrial building rules for connection parameters (the AutoDefaults file we created in lesson 2).

Beam to Column Web Default connection Set End plate (144) as the default connection for Beam to column web framing condition. Right-click the New Rule set and select Edit rule set.6. Two sided End plate 1. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing 21 . Right-click Beam to column web framing condition and select Create additional rule sets.. Check that a correct connection was created to each condition.. 2.

7. 6. 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 4. 5. Edit the rule set to have the following rules: Number of secondaries: 2 Secondary 1 part name: BEAM Secondary 2 part name: BEAM Name the rule set to Two-sided and click OK. Select Two sided end plate (142) as the connection for rule two sided. 8.3.

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing 23 .Bracing Instead of creating a new rule for Bracing we will now copy the existing Bracing rule from Beam to beam web framing condition. Right-click the first rule (Two sided) in Beam to column web framing condition and select Paste rule set. 2. 1. Copy the rule Bracing from Beam to beam web framing.

2. Select Welded column with stiffener (128) from as the connection for rule Crane girder. Right-click the New rule set and select Edit rule set. Edit the rule set to have the rules Secondary 1 profile = IPE450. Create additional rule sets. Crane support 1. 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .Beam to Column Flange Default connection Set End plate (144) as the default connection for Beam to column flange framing condition. 4. 3.

Click OK in the AutoConnection setup dialog box. 5.5 Run AutoConnection Create connections 1. 4. 2. Select the whole model. Click Detailing > AutoConnection… Select the Industrial building connections rule group. Click Create connections. 7.5. Select Industrial building rules for connection parameters (the AutoDefaults file we created in lesson 2). 3. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing 25 .

6. Check that a correct connection was created to each condition. 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Steel Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

2004 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .0 April 26.Tekla Structures Basic Training Tekla Structures 10.

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......................................................Contents 8 Concrete Detailing........11 Add Components to Concrete Members...........3 Connecting Concrete Members Using Connections and Macros............................................27 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing i .....................................................................................2 Add Reinforcement to Concrete Members.......1 8............................ 2 8.......................2 8.......................................................

e. See more about connections in Tekla Structures Help: Detailing > Getting Started > Basics > Connection consepts and about AutoConnections in Help: Detailing > Getting Started > AutoConnection > Using AutoConnection. You can create connection macros either by using AutoConnections or manually. Reinforcement created in the latter way is updated automatically if the dimensions of the reinforced concrete part change. AutoConnections is the recommended way to create connections. you can use AutoConnection functionality to select and apply connections with predefined properties to selected parts. You can create reinforcement interactively. manually bar by bar or in rebar groups. Introduction 8. i. Concrete detailing can be done manually or by using system connections. Use AutoConnection to have Tekla Structures automatically create similar connections for similar framing conditions. You can also use reinforcing macros for automatic and parametric reinforcement creation. See more about AutoConnections in Tekla Structures Help: Detailing > Getting Started > AutoConnection > Using AutoConnection. For fully automatic connection creation. See more about reinforcements in Tekla Structures Help: Detailing > Getting started with reinforcement. Use AutoConnections to automatically select and apply connections with predefined properties to selected parts. which help you to automate the detailing. See more about concrete detailing in Tekla Structures Help: Detailing > Reinforcement > Concrete detailing and about connections in Help: Detailing > Getting Started > Basics > Connection concepts.8 Concrete Detailing In this lesson This lesson explains how to modify and finalize concrete members and build cast units. in Tekla Structures. Rebar group consists of several identical reinforcing bars. Create Corbels Using AutoConnections and AutoDefaults Define conditions for AutoConnections There are six basic cases for AutoConnections: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . You will also learn how to put in reinforcements both interactively and with the help of macros.1 Connecting Concrete Members Using Connections and Macros In this exercise we will use system connections to connect the concrete beams and columns and to fit the hollow core slabs to steel beams.

2. Now pick Select connection type…. Change the Rule set name to describe the use (Concrete Column). 3. Open the Beam to column web rule group and right click on New rule set and select Edit rule set… from popup list. which will create corbels and connect beams to columns if only one beam is to be connected. For two beams we will use Two sided seating with dowel (76) connection. Set the Exact value to 1. 1. 6. which opens Connection Browser. Press OK to close the dialog and save the rule settings. Open the AutoConnection setup dialog by selecting AutoConnection… from Setup pull down menu. Right click on Beam to column web rule group and select Create additional rule sets. 8. 9. 5. Tekla Structures creates a New rule set under Beam to column web rule group. Write K* to Exact value field for both rules. Open the Concrete Column rule set and right click on the No connection icon to select the Corbel connection (14). Add a new rule Number of secondaries by selecting it from the Available rules list and clicking the arrow. We will now define conditions to use the Corbel connection (14). Select Primary material name and Secondary 1 material name from Available rules list and move them to the right by clicking the arrow in the middle of the dialog. 7. 10.For each of these it's possible to define several framing conditions. 4. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing 3 .

You have now defined beam to column connection for concrete members to be always Corbel connection (14) if number of secondaries is 1. Press OK to close the dialog and save the rule settings. Write K* to Exact value field. 20. 13. Add a new rule Secondary 2 material name by selecting it from the Available rules list and clicking the arrow. 14. Open the Beam to column flange rule group and right click on any rule set and select Paste rule set from popup menu. Next create another rule set for Two sided seating with dowel (76) connection in case there are two beams to be connected to column. Close the browser by clicking OK. 17. 12. You have now completed one rule definition. Repeat steps 2 – 8. 19. which opens Connection Browser. Rule name is: Concrete column (2 sec) 15.11. 18. In Connection Browser select Corbel connection (14). 16. Next copy the rule set to apply also in Beam to column flange condition by right clicking on Concrete Column rule set and selecting Copy rule set from popup menu. Set the Exact value to 2. Move the rule set above the Concrete column rule set using right button command Move up. Open the Concrete column (2 sec) rule set and right click on the No connection icon to select the Two sided seating with dowel (76). Now pick Select connection type…. 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing 5 . In Connection Browser select Two sided seating with dowel (76). Browse to Two sided seating with dowel (76) under Industrial building rules group. Open AutoDefaults setup dialog from Setup > AutoDefaults… pulldown menu. 2. Next copy the rule set to apply also in Beam to column flange condition by right clicking on Concrete column (2 sec) rule set and selecting Copy rule set from popup menu.21. 22. Define AutoDefaults With AutoDefaults you can create rules defining when to use different pre-defined connection properties. We will now add an AutoDefault rule for Two sided seating with dowel (76) and use it in Industrial building rule group. which we created in Lesson 2. 23. 1. Open the Beam to column flange rule group and right click on any rule set and select Paste rule set from popup menu. See more in Help: System > AutoConnection > AutoDefaults setup > AutoDefaults setup. Tekla Structures automatically redefines the connection properties using AutoDefaults rules defined by you. Close the browser by clicking OK. When the connections need to be modified (for example changing the beam size).

values and dimensions on all tab pages as below. Select the new connection parameters and right click > Edit connection parameters. Right click to create an additional rule set. 8. Select connection parameters Standard. Set all needed options..3. Select Primary depth from Available rules list and move it to the right using arrow button in the middle of the dialog. 13. select the Industrial building rules group. 12.j30000076 under the Corbels400-800 rule set and right click > Additional connection parameters. 9. 10. 4. 6. 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Press OK to save the settings and close the dialog. 7.. On all the tabs. it can also be None. Write new name for the rule set: Corbels400-800. On the General tab. 5. set the fields that you want AutoDefaults to override to Default by selecting the options marked with the arrow symbol. Set Minimum value to 400 and Maximum value to 800. The connection properties dialog opens. Select the New rule set under Two sided seating with dowel (76) and select Edit rule set… from right click popup menu. 11.

Close the dialog with OK.14. Save the settings using Save as field. put name Corbels400-800. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing 7 . 16.j30000076 from Attribute File List. 15. Select Corbels400-800. Right click on the connection parameters and pick Select connection parameters… 17.

2. which we just defined. which will create corbels and connect beams to columns if only one beam is to be connected. 19. Close the Attribute File List with OK. TeklaStructures creates connectons between concrete beams and columns using Corbel connection (14). From Detailing pull down menu select AutoConnection… Select Industrial building rules group for connection parameters. Create connections We will now use the AutoConnections and apply the AutoDefault rules. 4.18. For two beams Two sided seating with dowel (76) connection is used. Select all concrete beams and columns between grid lines C and F. 1. 3. Press Create connections button. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing . Close the AutoDefault setup dialog with OK.

Create Cuts to Hollowcore Slab Corners Define cut size We will next fit the hollowcore slab corners to the steel columns. 3. Next zoom in to any hollowcore slab corner. which collides to I-profile column and create the cutting. Set Penetration type to Rectangular and clearance around I-profile to 20 mms. For this we'll use connection Grating penetration (92). Create the cuts Close the dialog with OK. Double click the Grating penetration (92) icon to open the properties dialog. Pick the Grating penetration (92) icon. 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 9 . 1. 2.

Create In-situ Slabs Before we add reinforcements to concrete members we need to create additional 600 mms wide in-situ slabs beside the hollowcore slab area in first and second floors. 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Tekla Structures creates a cut to hollowcore slab at 20 mm distance around the I-profile column. For this. zoom in to first floor in grid lines A and 5 – 6. Pick the hollowcore slab. 1. 3. Pick the I-profile column.2. Set the profile height to 175 mm. Repeat steps 2 and 3 for all other hollowcore slab corners. 2. which collide to I-profile columns. 4. Double click the Create concrete slab icon.

See more in Tekla Structures Help: Detailing > Reinforcement > Reinforcement reference > Pad footing (77) Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing 11 . Start picking the polygon shape at the middle of the hollowcore slab in grid line 5. Reinforcing macros create the entire reinforcement of a part in one go. you may need to reinforce the parts. to the Enter a numeric location dialog and press OK.2 Add Reinforcement to Concrete Members Create Rebars Using System Rebar Macros Once you have created and detailed a model of concrete parts. 5. 8. 6. Press OK to close the dialog. See more about reinforcements in Tekla Structures Help: Detailing > Getting started with reinforcement and in Help: Detailing > Basic reinforcement properties. to the Enter a numeric location dialog and press OK. Reinforcement created using macro is updated automatically if the dimensions of the reinforced concrete part change. Write: R then add 0. -600. Write: R then add 0. 8. 7. 4. Write: R then add 6050. Close the polygon with middle button. For this we use the Pad footing (77) reinforcing macro.00 mms in z-direction using Copy > Translate… right button command. The reinforcement is created according to the macro attributes. which are 650 mms height.3. Pad Footings We will first put reinforcements into 1800*1800 pad footings. 600. Now select the slab and copy it 3500. to the Enter a numeric location dialog and press OK.

Set cover thicknesses on Picture tab page. Next define primary bars as described below. which opens when you push button in size field. Then you need to set the lacer bars as described below. 5.1. Double click the Pad footing (77) reinforcing macro icon to define the properties to be used. 2. 4. Use the same settings for secondary bars and put 12 mm reinforcement in 200 mm intervals. 3. Select the grade and size from Select reinforcing bar dialog. Exit the dialog with OK. 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

now using 12 mm bars in 150 mm intervals both for primary and secondary bars. which creates reinforcement also to top of the footing. Repeat steps 1 to 8. Save the values in Save as field with name 1800*1800-650. which are located in grid lines D and E. See more in Tekla Structures Help: Detailing > Reinforcement > Reinforcement reference > Pilecap reinforcement (76) 1. The macro generates the reinforcement inside the pad footings. Save the connection settings with name 2100*2100-650. Still using the macro Pad footing (77). Now pick the pad footings sized 1800*1800*650.6. Pilecap reinforcement (76). Save the connection settings with name 2700*2700-650. This time use 16 mm bars in 150 mm intervals for primary and secondary bars. 2. Next we will put reinforcement to 2100*2100*650 pad footings. reinforcing macro icon to define the properties to be used. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing 13 . Set cover thicknesses on Picture tab page. 8. 7. For pad footings on grid line C we will use a different macro. put reinforcements to pad footings sized 2700*2700*650 on grid line F. Close the dialog with OK. 9. Double click the Pilecap reinforcement (76). 10.

8. which opens when you push button in size field. Select the grade and size from Select reinforcing bar dialog. End with middle button. 6. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 5. With these settings top bars will be created only under columns 150% of column size in both directions. Next define top primary and secondary bars as described below. Close the dialog with OK. Now define bottom primary and secondary bars using 16 mm bars in 150 mms intervals.3. 4. Exit the dialog with OK. 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing . then the columns on top of the footing. 7. Bottom bars don't need to suite column. bond length in both sides is 700 mms. so you can use default in that field and leave % fields empty. The macro generates the reinforcement inside the pad footings putting top bars under the columns. Save the values in Save as field with name 2700*2700-850. Now pick first the pad footing sized 2700*2700*850. Then set 10 mm diameter lacer bars at 200 mm intervals starting at 100 and ending to 700 mms.

We will next put reinforcements into columns using Beam reinforcement (63) reinforcing macro. 2.9. Double click the Beam reinforcement (63) reinforcing macro icon to define the properties to be used. Pick one by one all the columns in grid lines D and E. Load predefined column settings by selecting column option from pulldown list and pressing Load button in front of the list. 5. The macro generates reinforcements inside the columns. 4. Save the values in Save as field with name column600*600-corbel. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing 15 . See more in Tekla Structures Help: Detailing > Reinforcement > Reinforcement reference > Beam reinforcement (63) 1. 3. Columns Repeat step 8 for all pad footings on grid line C. 6. Open Stirrup spacing tab page and empty the zone 3 field settings. Press OK to close the dialog.

The macro generates reinforcements inside the columns. 3. Beams We will next put reinforcements into beams using the same Beam reinforcement (63) reinforcing macro. 10. which we used for columns. The macro generates reinforcements inside the beams cutting the bottom bars at the corbels. 9. Press OK to close the dialog. Load predefined settings by selecting standard option from pulldown list and pressing Load button in front of the list. 2. Double click the Beam reinforcement (63) reinforcing macro icon to define the properties to be used. Next we will put reinforcement to 900*600 columns. Press OK to close the dialog. See more in Tekla Structures Help: Detailing > Reinforcement > Reinforcement reference > Beam reinforcement (63) 1. Save the values in Save as field with name column900*600-corbel. 8. which are located in grid lines C and F. Pick one by one all the concrete beams between grid lines C and F. Pick one by one all the columns in grid lines C and F. 4.7. Reopen the Beam reinforcement (63) reinforcing macro dialog and use the settings described below. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 16 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing .

Open Bottom bars tab page and set the bar diameter to 10 mm. See more in Tekla Structures Help: Detailing > Reinforcement > Reinforcement reference > Slab reinforcement (18) 1. 3. 2. Define cover thickness to be used. spacing in both directions to 200 mms. Double click the Slab bars (18) reinforcing macro icon to define the properties to be used. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing 17 .Slabs We will next put reinforcements into cast in-situ slabs using Slab bars (18) reinforcing macro. And set the bars to be created to both sides using slab x direction.

Select anchor size and grade. 3. Close the dialog with OK. 4. Define anchor dimensions. The macro generates reinforcements inside the slabs. Double click the Lifting anchor (80) macro icon to define the properties to be used. 1. Pick the cast in-situ slabs one by one. See more in Tekla Structures Help: Detailing > Reinforcement > Reinforcement reference > Lifting anchor (80). Save the values in Save as field with name column600*600. The macro generates lifting anchors according to center of gravity. 2. Save the values in Save as field with name Slab175. Lifting hooks We will next put lifting anchors into beams and columns using Lifting anchor (80) macro. 5. Select anchor shape to be used. 6. 7. 6. Use the same settings for top bars. Press OK to close the dialog. 5. 18 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .4.

7. put anchors to columns sized 900*600 on grid lines C and F. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing 19 . This time use 2 times 9 mm bars in 50 mm intervals and dimension them to be 700 mms inside the column. 8. The macro generates lifting anchors inside the columns. Pick one by one all the columns in grid lines D and E. Save the connection settings with name column900*600. Using the Lifting anchor (80) macro.

9.The macro generates lifting anchors in pairs inside the columns. Still using the Lifting anchor (80) macro. change the anchor shape as well. put anchors to concrete beams between grid lines C and F. 20 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Save the connection settings with name beam800*600. This time use one 11 mm bar and dimension them to be at 400 mms depth inside the beam.

The macro generates lifting anchors inside the beams.

Create Rebars Interactively
Once you have created reinforcements to concrete parts with the help of macros, you may need to complete reinforcing interactively, i.e. manually bar by bar or in rebar groups. Rebar group consists of several identical reinforcing bars. Every reinforcing bar has basic attributes such as grade, diameter, and bending radius. If a group of bars is to be created, the number of bars and creation method definition are also needed. See more about reinforcements in Tekla Structures Help: Detailing > Reinforcement > Reinforcement reference > Reinforcing bar and Help: Detailing > Reinforcement > Reinforcement reference > Reinforcing bar group
Create single rebars

We will start interactive reinforcing modeling with single rebars and we will put side reinforcement to the in-situ slabs, which we modeled earlier in this lesson. For this, zoom in to first floor in grid lines A and 5 – 6 so that you can see the slab. Create part basic views (select part and right click, select command Create view > Part basic views) to help you in modeling. 1. To create a single reinforcing bar, double-click the Create reinforcing bar icon.

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2. 3. 4.

Select the needed rebar from dialog, which opens by pressing Select… button. Size, grade and bending radius are all defined together. Close the dialog with OK. Use No hook option for both ends. Set start segment and end segment to be defined by Leg length. Now give first and last segment length.

5. 6. 7.

Close the dialog with OK. Pick the lower slab. Next define the rebar shape by picking a U-shaped polyline. You can start at any position at the short side of the slab, because the first segment will be 1000 mms.

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8.

Second and third positions are at the corners of the slab.

9.

You can make the fourth pick the same way as the first one, at any position at the opposite short side of the slab, because the last segment will be 1000 mms.

10. End the polyline pick with middle button. A single reinforcing bar is created. 11. Next select the new reinforcing bar and Copy > Translate… it 175.00 mms in zdirection. 12. Double click the copied reinforcing bar and change the From plane cover thickness to – 35 mms, then press Modify.

Create rebar group

We will continue reinforcing the same in-situ slab and put a reinforcing group interactively to the outer side of it. 1. To create a rebar group, double-click the Create reinforcing bar group icon. The Rebar attributes dialog box appears. It is similar to the single bar case but there is the additional Group tab.

2.

Define settings for 10 mms diameter stirrup in General tab page using standard 135degree hook and 500mms leg length at both ends, with 25 mms cover thickness in on plane direction and 100 mms in from plane direction. Open Group tab page. Set the group creation method to exact spacing with 200 intervals using normal group type.
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3. 4.

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5. 6. 7.

Close the dialog by pressing OK. Pick the in-situ slab. Now define the rebar shape by picking a polyline, same way as with single rebar. Again, start and end at any position at the short side of the slab, because the first and last segments will be 500 mms. End the polyline pick with middle button.

8.

Next define the group location by picking start and end positions at long side corners. A rebar group is created.

Copy rebars

We will next copy the in-situ slab reinforcements to upper floor slab. 1. 2. 3. Select the single rebars and the rebar group, which we created in previous exercise. Right click and select Copy > Translate… command. Insert 3500 in z-direction.

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4. 5.
Mesh reinforcements

Press Copy in the dialog. The selected rebars are copied and automatically attached to the upper floor slab. Check the cast unit content by selecting the slab with Alt button down.

Now we will use a standard size mesh to reinforce the large cast in-situ slab, which is located in grid lines C to F and 1 to 7. See more about mesh in Tekla Structures Help: Detailing > Reinforcement > Reinforcement reference > Reinforcement mesh. 1. To create a rebar mesh, double-click the Create reinforcement mesh icon. The Reinforcement mesh properties dialog box appears.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Define the mesh type to be rectangle. Set size and spacing to be 8 mm diameter, with 200 mms spacings in both directions. Define dimensions to 2350 * 5000 mms. Define 50 mm cover thickness around the mesh. Save the values using Save as function with name: 8-200,5000_2350.

7. 8. 9.

Close the dialog with OK. Pick the slab. Show position and creation direction by picking two points along grid F.

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Copy Mesh Reinforcement

Now we will copy the standard mesh reinforcement to cover the whole slab area. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Select the mesh and right click > select Copy > Translate… command. Put –2000 in dY direction and 16 in dZ direction and copy one time by pressing Copy. Next select the both mesh reinforcements and repeat the copy, this time only in dY direction using value –4000, 5 copies. Double click the last mesh near grid line C and change the width to 1800, then press
Modify.

Now select all the mesh reinforcements and right click > select Copy > Translate…, this time one copy -4600.00 in dX direction and 16 in dZ direction. Again select all the mesh reinforcements and copy 3 times -9200.00 in dX direction. Double click one of the last mesh reinforcements near grid line 1 and change the length to 4350, then select all the mesh reinforcements near grid line 1 press Modify.

We have now completed the standard mesh reinforcements for the whole slab.

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8.3 Add Components to Concrete Members
Column Shoe Connection
Next we will use components to connect the concrete columns to footings interactively. You can use ready-made components in Tekla Structures by importing them to the model folder. We will make a user defined connection, which has components inside of it. First we need to acquire the needed components.
Import Component

1.

To import custom components, open the Component catalog by pressing Ctrl + F or clicking the icon.

2.

Right click -> Import… to open Import components dialog.

3.

Select the components.uel file to be imported and press OK in the browser. New components AnchorBolt and ColumnShoe appear in the list and they are saved in the model folder.

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Insert the ColumnShoe

Now we will insert the ColumnShoe component to concrete column. 1. 2. 3. 4. Select ColumnShoe component from the list. Close ColumnShoe dialog with OK. Zoom in to bottom of column on grid lines C-1 intersection. Pick first column corner to define the column shoe position.

5.
Create part cut

Next show direction of the column shoe by picking at any position at column shorter side. ColumnShoe component is created to the column corner.

Next create a part cut to column corner. For this create first part basic views of the column shoe base plate. Check that select switch Select objects in components is pressed down. Then we will create the cutting part and cut the column corner with it. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Select the column shoe base plate and right click > Create view > Part basic views. Double click the Create concrete slab icon. Define part height to be 101 mms. Close the dialog with OK. On Part top view pick the polygon position with 4 points. First point is in the column corner, second point in the column shoe plate's outer corner, third point is given numerically: show direction at plate's side and type 90, then press OK on Enter numeric
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location dialog. Fourth point is in the column shoe plate's outer corner at opposite side,

close polygon with middle button.

6.

Now double click the chamfer at inner corner of the concrete slab you just created and set the type rounded with x-value 40 mms, then press Modify.

7. Select the slab and move it to correct position –8 mms in z-direction with right click
command Move > Translate…

8.

Now we are ready to make the part cut. Pick the Create part cut icon.

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9.

Select part to be cut, meaning the column.

10. Select cutting part, meaning the slab. The column corner is cut and the reinforcing macro reacts to the cut by shortening the corner bar and lifting up the lower stirups.

11. The cutting part is no longer needed and can now be deleted. Column corner is now completed.
Insert Anchorbar

Next step is to add the anchor bolt to the footing. 1. First we need to create a point to the center of the hole in the column shoe. For this pick the Create divided line points icon.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Zoom in to the hole in Part top view window. Pick at the middle of upper and lower segments of the hole, center point is created. Next press Ctrl + F to open the Component catalog dialog. Double click AnchorBolt from the list. Pick the center point you just created. Pick any position at the hole segments. Anchor bolt is created.

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9. Select the inner sharp corner and press Modify in the Chamfer properties dialog. 1. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing 31 . but the shape needs modification. Copy the objects When one corner has been completed we will copy the components and the cut to the remaining corners of the column. 10. The first column footing corner is now completed. set Total length value to 750 mms and press Modify. 2.02 in dZ-direction and press Move.8. Select again the first rounded corner and change the chamfer type to sharp and press Modify. We need to do the copying in two steps. Set 61. Set 510. The column corner is cut. 3. Right click > Copy > Translate.. first the cut and then the components. Select the cut in the column corner. The anchor bolt is too long and goes 409 mms below the footing bottom.00 in dX direction and press Copy. In AnchorBolt dialog. Select the anchor bolt and move it to correct position using right button command Move > Translate. double click the anchor bolt having select switch Select component pressed down. 4.. 5. The cut has now correct form. Double click the rounded chamfer of the cut to open the Chamfer properties dialog. To modify the bolt length.

Pick center point of rotation. 6. then the intersection of grid line at shorter side of the column. 3. pick first the corner. 4. Double click Create parallel point icon and set distances to 300 mms and press OK. Select the components AnchorBolt and ColumnShoe with select switch Select parent pressed down. On Part top view. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . We now have completed two corners. Right click > Copy > Rotate… Set rotation angle to 90 degrees around Z.We will next copy the components to the same corner. 2. 7. 5. Press Copy. Note that pick mode must be set to View plane. 1. Create part basic views of the footing to help modeling. For the copying we need to insert a center point of rotation.

2. See more about cast units in Tekla Structures Help: Modeling > Parts > Cast units and assemblies. Copy first both of the corner cuts to the opposite side with Copy > Translate… using 810 mms in dY-direction and then modify the cut shapes as in described in previous part cut copy.We will now complete the opposite side of the column. We will first define cast unit of the footer. 1. 1. Check that no parts. meaning that the steel parts will be attached to correct concrete member. are included. Select all parts of Anchor bolt components having select switch Objects in components pressed down. Select the AnchorBolt and ColumnShoe components and right click > Copy > Rotate. Define Cast Units After all needed parts have been completed we will define cast units. pick first corner. We now have components and cuts around the column. which belong to column shoe. pick the new origin and set angle to –180 in Z-direction. 3. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing 33 . Insert new center of rotation point using Create parallel point tool and set distances to 450 mms. Press Copy. and then the intersection of grid line at shorter side of the column.

2. 6. New connection with name Column. Select the Column-Footer connection and press OK. 3. 3. then press Next>. Cast unit for footer is now complete. 1. In editor windows. Pick the footing to be the main part. 4. In Custom element editor toolbar. then the column. Continue by pressing Next>. Repeat step 3 to all footers in grid line C. Then press Next>. Then add the footer to the selection and right click > Cast unit > Create cast unit. Open Custom element Wizard from Detailing > Define custom element. 1. Select type to be Connection and give a name for it. double click the Create custom element icon. but use it as it is. An editor opens. Pick first the footer. For different size than 900*600 columns. Right click > Cast unit > Create cast unit. which has all the components and cuts in it. 3. Pick the column to be the secondary part and press Finish. at both side of the column. When corners have been completed we will create a user define connection. 2. Column shoes will be now automatically become attached to the concrete column when we in next chapter create a connection of them. Use first the connection to columns in grid lines C and F. On a connections toolbar. 1. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Add description text. Use the connection We will now use the Column-Footer connection to all concrete columns. Anchor bolts will be now automatically become attached to the footer when we in next chapter create a connection of them. select the components and cuts and Move > Translate them to correct position 150 mms in dY direction. The components and cuts appear in wrong position and the connection needs modifications. 5. select Copy element to library with new name and give a name Column-Footer-600 to it. 2. Select the connection and right click > Edit custom element. 7. Create connection Check the cast unit contents by selecting footing or column and right click > Inquire > Assembly. 5. 3. footing and all the components (Note that you have select switch Select parent pressed down) and cuts. which belong to column shoes and add the concrete column to the selection. 4. Footing is created and the name appears in Custom elements dialog. Now create the connection to one 600*600 column. We will not parameterize it in this exercise. Now select the parts. Select the column. some adjustments are needed. Next select the anchor bolts under the steel column and right click > Cast unit > Add to. 2. Then pick the footer.

Close the editor and save it. which can be used for 600*600 columns. Use the Column-Footer-600 connection to columns in grid lines D and E. We have now new connection. then the column.4. 5. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Concrete Detailing 35 . Pick first the footer.

0 April 26. 2004 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .Tekla Structures Basic Training Tekla Structures 10.

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..............................................................................................................................................................................................2 9..................................3 Number the Model ....Contents 9 Numbering and Reports.....15 Create the Reports and Check Part Marks ..................3 9.......................................4 Check the Numbering.....1 9..............................................................................7 Numbering Basics ..........11 Example: Change Numbering Series........................................................................................................................... Create Reports........................................17 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Numbering and Reports i ...........................................................4 9..5 9...................................................................................................... 3 9.13 Start Numbering from Scratch ...................................6 9.......5 Example: Change Numbering Settings.................

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The numbering series name consists of a prefix and a starting number. and the starting number is 1 and they have Cast Unit Position number instead of Assembly Position number. Tekla Structures assigns marks to parts. assembly and cast unit numbers into groups. Concrete members have part prefix "Concrete". BRACING. 2nd floor. assembly or cast unit belongs.9 Numbering and Reports In this lesson This lesson introduces the principles of numbering the model in Tekla Structures. For example. using the part properties dialog box. Running the Numbering When you initiate the numbering process. Part Position and Assembly Position numbers are material specific and apply only to steel by default. You will learn: • • • • The options available for numbering your model How the marks are assigned in numbering How to check part marks To use report templates 9. You can name the numbering series to which a part. etc. assemblies and cast units. COLUMN. you can allocate separate numbering series to different part types (BEAM. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Numbering and Reports 3 . etc…) or according the floor the part is located in (1st floor.).1 Numbering Basics Defining Numbers to Be Used for Parts You use numbering series to divide part. See more in Help: Modeling > Parts > Numbering parts > Defining numbers to be used for parts.

The Inquire object dialog box opens. Select Inquire > Object… Select any steel column. All identical parts within such a group will be given the same number. PC2. The prefix and start number together define what numbers the part will be given. if prefix is PC and starting number 1 (steel columns in our model). The Full option will check all parts in the model even if they have not been modified. The Part position and Assembly position marks are shown as PC/0 and AC/0 so the numbers shown are 1 less than the starting numbers defined for the column (PC/1 and AC/1). Help: Modeling > Parts > Numbering parts > What affects numbering Numbering Settings Numbering is carried out according to the settings in the Numbering setup dialog box. does a profile name affect the part number.g. Help: Modeling > Settings and tools > Settings and tools reference > Tools > Numbering > Modified Help: Modeling > Settings and tools > Settings and tools reference > Tools > Numbering > Full How the Marks Are Assigned in Numbering In numbering. 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Numbering and Reports Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . the numbering result will be PC1. etc. PC3. If we try to create a report or a drawing there will be a warning that the numbering is not up to date.You run the numbering by clicking Tools > Numbering > Modified or Tools > Numbering > Full. We will use Inquire object to see the current state of numbering of parts and then we will number the model. parts with the same Part prefix and Start number will be compared with each other. etc. Help: Modeling > Settings and tools > Numbering > Numbering settings 9. The Modified option only checks the new and modified parts and is much faster. what is the degree of tolerance in comparing the parts in numbering. E. 2. This indicates that the part and assembly have not been numbered yet.2 Number the Model In lesson 5 Basic modeling 2 we defined the numbering series for our model members. So the members already have the numbering series information but not the actual marks. Inquire a part 1. In the Numbering setup dialog you can define how new or modified parts are handled in numbering.

Select any column The Inquire object dialog box opens. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Numbering and Reports 5 . Now all the parts. assemblies and cast units. Inquire part 1. You must have Tekla Structures number the model parts before you can create drawings or reports. assemblies and cast units when producing drawings and reports. Create Reports We will now check the marks assigned to parts. assemblies and cast units in our model have up to date position numbers.3 Check the Numbering. Now the steel columns have Part position and Assembly position numbers and concrete columns cast unit numbers (the position numbers may differ in your model). 9. Run numbering full Select Tools > Numbering > Full from the pull-down menu. Select Inquire > Object… 2.Tekla Structures uses numbers to identify parts.

The numbering is now up to date and we can create reports. Create assembly part list and cast unit list 1. weld lists etc. Help: Drawing > Printing > Printing reports > Producing reports on entire model You can create reports from the early stage of the project to check the model and get pre-bill of material lists at quotation stage. We will next create assembly part list and cast unit list of the whole model. bolt lists. Click the Report icon to display the Report dialog box. 2. Select Assembly_part_list report template from the list. cut lists. 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Numbering and Reports Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

3. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Numbering and Reports 7 . On the Options tab check the options as shown below.

Also the text file is created in the model folder. Click Create from all to run a report on the entire model.4. The report is now automatically displayed in a dialog. 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Numbering and Reports Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

6. Repeat the procedure above to create a cast unit list of the entire model We will next create a cast unit list of all the concrete columns in our model.5. (Next time you create the cast unit list of columns just change the date) Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Numbering and Reports 9 . 2. Create cast unit list of concrete columns 1. To keep the report files you have created give them a specific name. Use select filter COLUMN_CONCRETE to select all the concrete columns.xsr. Tekla Structures asks before it overwrites the existing report. 3. In the Report dialog box edit report file name to read: cast_unit_list_COLUMN_02_02_04. Check the numbering range of the assemblies and parts. We will name the report with a specific name in order to keep the information on the stage of the project. If you try to create a report with the existing name.

4. 2. Tekla Structures stores a full numbering history in the file: numbering. 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Numbering and Reports Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . From the menu select: Tools > Display log file > Numbering history log… This displays the numbering history in a dialog box.history. assemblies and cast units numbered Help: System > Files and folders > Log files > Numbering history log Study the numbering history log 1. The file contains the following model numbering details: • • • • • User who carried out the numbering and the date Numbering Full / Modified Numbering settings used A list of defined numbering series Information on the parts. Select Tools > Open model folder to check that the actual text file appears in the model folder. Click Create from selected. The report is now displayed in a dialog box. For addition information on the log file refer to the Tekla Structures Online help. 5. 6.

we create some new parts to demonstrate the new numbering setup. We will now choose the numbering setup option Take new number for new parts. Tekla Structures highlights them in the model. 9.When you select a list entry that contains the ID numbers of the parts or assembly. For example. Copy them two times 6000 mm in the X direction Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Numbering and Reports 11 . Changing the numbering settings in the middle of the project can be dangerous. Select the Model 1 beams and columns on grid line 7.4 Example: Change Numbering Settings You may come across a situation in the middle of the project when you may need to change the numbering settings. As an example. if some parts have already been ordered from the workshop you may need to have different part marks for additional parts even if they are the same as existing ones. In the case where you absolutely need to change the settings in the middle of the project make sure you understand how the changes will affect the part marks. Copy beams and columns 1. 2.

From the menu select: Setup > Numbering… In the New: field choose the option. 2.Change numbering settings 3. Study the changes in the numbering history log (the position numbers in your model may differ from the example below). 4. 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Numbering and Reports Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . click Apply Number the model From the menu select: Tools > Numbering > Full. Inquire the result 1. Use the Inquire object command to compare the marks of corresponding old and new parts. Always carry out a full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. Take new number.

Change the numbering series 1. Select the columns on the outermost frame. 4. We will then change the numbering series of the end plates in the frame to 2001.9. Modify the numbering series of the beams as shown Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Numbering and Reports 13 . by using the connection dialog box (which will overwrite the position number defined in the preferences dialog box). 2. We will now change the numbering series of the outermost frame that we copied by changing the start numbers from 1 to 1000.5 Example: Change Numbering Series By defining the numbering series (numbering prefixes and start numbers) we can group the parts. 3. This way we can allocate parts in an area of a building to a particular numbering series. Modify the numbering series (only numbering series) of the columns as shown. Select the beams on the outermost frame. assemblies and cast units the way we want.

Modify all the end plate connections of the frame with only the Pos.When planning numbering. Number the model From the menu select Tools > Numbering > Full. Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed numbering series. 3. Change numbering series of the connection members 1. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap. No field checked. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. Use the Inquire object command to compare the marks of corresponding old and new parts 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Numbering and Reports Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Open the End plate 144 dialog box. 2. Inquire the numbers 1. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. On the Plates tab edit the End plate position number to 2001. Tekla Structures will warn you about series overlaps. If one series overflows into another.

6 Start Numbering from Scratch After trying different numbering options (changing numbering settings and numbering series) there is a possibility that some earlier unwanted position numbers will remain. From the menu select: Tools > Numbering > Clear selected. Select all the parts in the model. Clear Numbers of all parts Renumber all 1.2. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Numbering and Reports 15 . This method will ensure that each part in the model will really get the position numbers according the updated numbering series defined for them and no previous. Delete the frames Delete the two frames created in this lesson. 9. Check mark the option Renumber all in the Numbering setup dialog box. unwanted numbers will be left. Study the changes in the numbering history log We will now delete the parts created in this lesson. 2. 3. There may also be gaps in position numbers. Before you start creating drawings to issue it is reasonable to start the numbering from scratch.

6. Set the numbering settings for the project 5. 16 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Numbering and Reports Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Click OK. 7.4. These settings can be safely used only at the beginning of a project. Select: Tools > Numbering > Full. By using the Unnumber selected command or Renumber all setting you will loose all information about previous numbers. Finally set the numbering setup the way you want numbering to be carried out in the project. You must save the Numbering setup for the model with command Setup > Save Defaults to restore the options by default when you open the model. From the menu select: Setup > Save defaults.

Here are a few cases in which Full numbering should be run instead of Modified numbering: • • • When performing the first numbering after the numbering settings have been changed.7 Create the Reports and Check Part Marks Tekla Structures can produce many different reports from the information contained in the model.Use Setup > Load Defaults command to see the saved Numbering setup options. You can also print the report with the Print option. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Numbering and Reports 17 . When Standard part option is used When Pop marks are used in DSTV files 9. Study the available reports. It is recommended that you normally use Modified numbering.

Check the Reports Create the following reports and check the model: • • • • • • • • • • Part_list .Check the main item profile Material_list – Check the grades used are correct Rebar_schedule_FIN .Check the numbering range Cast_list .Check the plate thicknesses for abnormalities Part_list .Check zero lengths of material Part_list . columns are called COLUMN etc.Check the steel grades Assembly_list .Check the numbering range Part_list .Check the number and types of rebars Other Checks Below are listed some other ways to check your model: • • • • • Clash Check the entire model Check the erect ability of precast members Use the view or select filter to ensure that. beams are called BEAM. Check the existence of marks on a marking plan and check that the updating of marks is done Check that the Title block information on each drawing is correct 18 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Numbering and Reports Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .Check the numbering range for steel assemblies Assembly_part_list .Check the main item profile (plates or flats may indicate incorrect welding) Cast_Sequence_list .

0 April 26.Tekla Structures Basic Training Tekla Structures 10. 2004 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

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...................................................................................................................7 10......................................................................................................................................Contents 10 Principles of Working with Drawings ...............................................................................21 Drawing Layouts.................................6 10................................................................................................26 Plotting Drawings....1 10...............4 10............................................2 10............... 3 10.............................................................41 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings i ..................................4 Creating Drawings ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................8 Integration between Drawings and the Model.38 Controlling Drawing Revisions.......3 10...............................................5 Drawing List............................5 10..14 Drawing Objects ................10 Drawing Levels ..........................

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Then we will introduce general arrangement (GA) drawings and create an example drawing from the Basic Model 1 model (see the picture below presenting the steel frame). GA drawings will be used as examples throughout this lesson.10 Principles of Working with Drawings In this lesson This chapter introduces the principles of working with drawings in Tekla Structures. We will also: • • • • • • Introduce other drawing types available in Tekla Structures Introduce the drawing list Introduce the various levels of editing the drawings Study the drawing objects and layout Plot drawings Introduce revision control Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings 3 . We will first explain the integration between drawings and the model.

1 Integration between Drawings and the Model Tekla Structures stores all the important project information in one place. the model. Tekla Structures Model The model contains all the important project information: • • • • • Part's geometrical and structural information Part marking Bolts Bolt marking etc. Drawings The drawings are current views of the members contained in the model with added definitions for: • • • • • The sheet size to be used How titles and tables are placed on the sheets What is dimensioned and how Which marks are displayed etc. Drawings and other printouts such as reports.e. The Tekla Structures Model Editor is used for modifying the model. i. All the modifications must be done directly in the model. 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . are output produced directly from the model.10. nc data files etc.

You will find all the commands for creating and managing drawings in the Model Editor. Some of the drawing commands are located in the Model Editor and some are in the Drawing Editor. To view and edit drawings. For example. which can include the whole model or any part of it. GA drawings can contain several views. 10. Therefore. You can create general arrangement drawings from one or several named model view(s) with the following options: • • • Create one drawing for each selected view Add all selected views to one drawing Create an empty drawing You can create an empty drawing and add named model views to the drawing in the Drawing Editor. check that the plan views are really 2D views. Help: Drawing > Introduction to Drawings Changes in the model Members Changes in the model members can result in the drawings no longer being up-todate. foundation and other plans. such as the viewing angle. you will use the Drawing Editor. You cannot modify the appearance. and rotate the rendered 3D views the way you want them to be shown in the drawing. The views must exist but they do not necessarily have to be open. of model views in the Drawing Editor. check and modify the appearance of model views in the Model Editor before creating GA drawings. General Arrangement (GA) Drawings The Tekla Structures can be used to create general arrangement (GA) drawings.You can create drawings at any stage of the project. The following are examples of changes that affect the drawings: • • • A part's profile or geometry changes Parts have been added or deleted The number of identical parts has changed Tekla Structures updates the related drawings the next time you number the model. Numbering does not have to be up-to-date to create or open general arrangement drawings. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings 5 . as well as details from views in the model.2 Creating Drawings We will now introduce general arrangement (GA) drawings and create an example drawing of the Basic model 1 model. With the GA drawings you can create erection.

. 2. from the menu. Open Basic Model 1. 6 Click the Drawing properties. Select Drawing > General arrangement drawing. You can select multiple views (or toggle the selection) in the dialog box above by holding down the Ctrl key and picking each view separately. TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . we will create a general arrangement drawing from Basic by including several named model views in the drawing.g. 3D. GA drawing views are automatically labeled with the current view name. Start GA drawing creation To create a GA drawing that contains selected views. Define drawing properties To define the properties of the GA drawing: 1. Model 1 In the example below.. and create separate drawings with predefined drawing properties all at once. You do not need to number the model. GRID 3 and GRID A views in the Create general arrangement drawing dialog box. Select the 3d. e.See Lesson 13 for more information about creating GA drawings. 2. button to open the General arrangement drawing properties dialog box. from Basic Model 1: 1. or update numbering to create or open general arrangement drawings. Then select the option All selected views to one drawing.. With the One drawing per view option you can select all the plan views in the dialog box. 3.. Select A1-BLANK settings from the option menu and click Load. GRID 3 and GRID A.

3. 4.

Give the drawing a distinctive name in the Name field, e.g. STEEL FRAME. Click the View... button to open the General - view properties dialog box.

5.

On the Attributes tab, change the drawing scale to 100 and click OK to apply the scale and close the dialog box.

6. 7.

Click the Weld… button to open the General - welding properties dialog box. On the Content tab, set the Visibility of site and workshop welds to None and click OK.

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8. 9.

Click the Filter... button to open the General - filter properties dialog box. On the Parts tab, use the Filter by Material field to filter drawing objects so that no concrete parts are shown. Enter K* as the filter string, tick the Not option on and click OK.

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10. In the General arrangement drawing properties dialog box, save the selected drawing properties with a unique file name, e.g. steelframe, by typing the file name and then clicking the Save as button. Drawing property files steelframe.gd and steelframe.gd.more are created in the ..\Basic Model 1\attributes folder.

11. Click OK to apply the selected GA drawing settings and to close the General arrangement drawing properties dialog box.

For more information on drawing properties, see Help: Drawing > Drawing
properties.
Create and open the GA drawing

To create and open the GA drawing:
1. Select the Open drawing checkbox in the Create general arrangement drawing dialog box to have Tekla Structures automatically open the drawing.

2. 3.

Click Create. Check that the created GA drawing is as shown below.

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All of the views in the GA drawing will be created according to the same GA drawing properties you applied. If some views need different properties, you have to modify the view properties afterwards in the Drawing Editor.

You can first define the GA drawing properties by selecting Properties > General arrangement drawing... from the menu, and then load and apply the desired properties. After that open the Create general arrangement drawing dialog box to create the GA drawing with the selected views.

Other Drawing Types
In addition to general arrangement drawings, four other types of drawings can be created in Tekla Structures. These will be presented in greater detail in Lessons 11, 12 and 14.
Single-part drawings

are workshop drawings of individual steel parts. Drawings can be produced for any steel part in the model. The single-part drawings can contain holes but welded parts cannot be included. This drawing type is available in Steel Detailing module.

Assembly drawings are typically workshop drawings where details of an assembly consisting of steel parts are presented for fabrication. In most cases, an assembly consists of single steel parts that are either bolted or welded to the main steel part. This drawing type is available in Steel Detailing module. Cast unit (CU) drawings

are formwork or reinforcement drawings of reinforced concrete structures such as foundations. This drawing type is available in Concrete Detailing module. are workshop drawings which gather together several single-part or assembly drawings on one sheet. This drawing type is available in Steel Detailing module.

Multi-drawings

Lesson 11 Assembly and single-part drawings Lesson 12 Cast unit drawing Lesson 14 Multi-drawing and multinumbering

10.3 Drawing List
We will briefly cover the Tekla Structures drawing list. You can use the drawing list to:
• • • • Select and open your drawings for viewing and editing in the Drawing Editor Update, clone and delete drawings Update GA drawing marks Display and filter drawings shown in the list

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TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings

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• • •

Choose drawings to select parts in the model, or show only the drawings of the selected parts in the list (not available for GA drawings) Lock, freeze and issue drawings Add revisions to drawings

The drawing list also displays the creation and modification dates of the drawings, drawing size and type, etc. See Lesson 13 for updating GA drawings.

Opening and Closing Drawings
You can only have one drawing open at a time. If you already have a drawing open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that drawing before opening the next one.
Open drawing list and a GA drawing

To open the drawing list and a drawing in Tekla Structures:
1. Select Drawing > List… from the menu or click the Open drawing list icon on the Standard toolbar.

2. 3.

In the drawing list select the previously created G [1] drawing. Click Open, or double-click the drawing to open it in the Drawing Editor.

See also Help: Drawing > Getting started with drawings > Opening drawings. When selecting GA drawings in the drawing list, the activated buttons at the bottom of the Drawings dialog box are Open, Update marks, Delete and Cancel. The table below describes their functionality.

Button Open

Description

Opens the selected drawing in the Drawing Editor. You can only select and open one drawing from the list at a time. If the Open button is grayed, you have selected more than one drawing for opening. You can also double-click a drawing in the list to open it.

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Button Update marks Delete

Description

Updates the marks in selected general arrangement drawings. Deletes the selected drawings. Note that you cannot delete locked drawings. Closes the dialog box.

Cancel

Close a drawing

To close the drawing in the Drawing Editor:
1. 2. 3. Select File > Close drawing from the menu or click the cross in the upper right corner of the drawing window. Tekla Structures asks: Do you want to save the current drawing? Select Save or Save and Freeze to keep the changes that you have made to the drawing, or close the drawing without saving by clicking No.

Drawing List Contents
All of your existing drawings are shown in the drawing list. The example below shows the header line information that is available in the drawing list.

See also Help: Drawings > Getting started with drawings > Drawing list. The table below explains the header line items of the drawing list that affect GA drawings.
Item Issue, Lock Created Modified Revision Size Explanation

I and L flags can be added to the selected drawings to indicate the drawing's status. Creation date, which is shown automatically. Modification date, which is shown automatically. Revision mark or number, which can be added to the selected drawings. Paper size, which is shown automatically.

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Item Type Name

Explanation

G= General arrangement drawing The number of the general arrangement drawing. You cannot change the drawing name. Defined by the Name field in the General arrangement drawing properties dialog box.

Title

You can sort the order of the drawings by clicking the desired header line button in the drawing list. You can adjust the column widths of the drawing list and Tekla Structures will keep the changes.

Drawing Status Flags
The status of drawings is represented by flags, which are shown on the left hand side of the drawing list. For more information about drawing status flags, see Help: Drawing > Getting
started with drawings > Drawing status flags.

The table below explains the meaning of the drawing flags. Lock and Issue flags can be manually added to the selected drawings. The M flag appears automatically on issued GA drawings that have been modified.
Flag L Explanation

The drawing is locked. Locking prevents GA drawings from being opened, deleted or modified. The drawing has been issued. The issue flag can be displayed for selected drawings that have been sent to the workshop. The issued drawing has been edited or otherwise changed.

I

M

Lock GA and other drawings from being accidentially deleted or changed.

Use the buttons on the right hand side of the drawing list to change the status of a drawing. Alternatively, select the drawing in the list, right-click to open the pop-up menu and change the drawing status.

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Lock a GA drawing

To lock and unlock a GA drawing:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Select the G [1] drawing in the drawing list. Click the Lock - On button and the L flag will appear. Try to delete the drawing by clicking Delete. Try to open the drawing by clicking Open. Click the Lock - Off button to reset the lock. Click Open. The drawing opens in the Drawing Editor.

You cannot open or delete a locked drawing without unlocking it.
Issue a GA drawing

To issue a GA drawing:
1. 2. 3. 4. Select the G [1] drawing in the drawing list. Click the Issue - On button and the I flag will appear. Open the drawing to view the GA drawing title. Check that the issue date is shown correctly in the drawing title.

10.4 Drawing Levels
You can edit drawings in the Drawing Editor on three levels:
• • • Drawing properties View properties Object properties

For more information about the drawing properties and different drawing levels, see the following links:
Help: Drawing > Introduction to drawings > Three levels of editing drawings Help: Drawing > Drawing properties Lesson 13 GA drawing

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Modify Drawing Properties
On the highest level you can change the drawing properties, which affect all of the objects in the drawing.
Modify part's color on drawing level

To change the GA drawing properties, e.g. part's color, in the Drawing Editor:
1. 2. 3. 4. Select Properties > Drawing... from the menu or double-click the drawing to open the General arrangement drawing properties dialog box. Click the Part... button to open the General - part properties dialog box. Select the Appearance tab. Change the Color of Visible lines, e.g. to green. Check and see that the checkbox is marked with a tick.

5.

Click Modify and OK.

Create another GA drawing by following the steps described in Chapter 10.2 Creating drawings. Select different views, e.g. the PLAN +0 and PLAN +13400 views, to be included in the drawing.
Change grid visibility of many GA drawings

To simultaneously change the drawing properties, e.g. grid visibility, of more than one GA drawing:
1. 2. 3. 4. Open the drawing list in the Model Editor. Select two GA drawings in the drawing list by holding down the Ctrl key. Right-click to open the pop-up menu. Select Properties... or press Alt+Enter as shortcut to open the General arrangement drawing properties dialog box.

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5. 6. 7.

Click the Grid... button to open the General - grid properties dialog box. Click the On/Off button to clear the checkboxes. Change the grid visibility to Not visible.

8.
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Click Modify and OK.
TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation

10. Change part mark content Click Modify and OK. Check that the checkbox is marked with a tick. Select the Content tab. Whenever possible. where you modify the selected drawing's view. Click the Part… button to open the View part properties dialog box. Click OK to close the General arrangement drawing properties dialog box. 4. 17 . 8. Modify properties of selected view To present hidden lines of adjacent parts and to add part marks to the GRID A view of the G [1] drawing: 1.9. Double-click the border around the GRID A drawing view to open the View properties dialog box. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings 7. These modifications also remain when the drawing is recreated due to a model change. Show hidden lines of parts 2. Click the On/Off button to clear the checkboxes. 3. On the Content tab. remove the <<Assembly position>> from the Elements in mark list for the main parts. 6. 5. and add Profile to the list. Click the Part mark… button to open the View part mark properties dialog box. Turn the Hidden lines option on. you should modify drawings by changing the drawing properties. Modify View Properties The second level is to edit the view level. Open the modified drawings one at a time to check that changes were carried out correctly.

18 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . On the General tab.9. change the Visibility in view to always and click Modify and OK.

Dashed line type in part mark frames and leader lines indicate that the object is behind another object in the drawing. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings 19 .The GRID A view should now show the hidden lines of adjacent parts and part marks representing the main part profiles.

20 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . The part mark should now look like the following. Modify frame and leader line of a single part mark To change the properties of a single part mark: 1.Modify Object Properties The third and lowest level is to edit at the object level. On the General tab. change the frame and leader line types as shown below. Click Modify and OK. where you change individual objects in the drawing. 3. 2. double-click the part mark of the RHS profile (diagonal brace) to open the Part mark properties dialog box. In the GRID A view.

symbols. In addition. polygons. clouds. clouds and text. General arrangement drawings are not automatically dimensioned in Tekla Structures. Move the cursor to the left side of the GRID 3 to select the location of the dimension line. Set the snap settings on the Drawings: Snap settings toolbar as shown below. and then at the intersection of GRID 3 and GRID +0. Therefore you need to dimension GA drawings manually. see Help: Drawing > Editing drawings. which helps with the selecting of points. Snap first to the center point of the connection created between the four diagonal braces.5 Drawing Objects In Tekla Structures. Click the Create y dimension icon on the Drawings: Dimension toolbar. To enable the tentative snap. 2. we will manually dimension the location of the diagonal bracing connection and add a cloud and note text to the connection. For more information. e. the term drawing object refers to lines. you may want to include additional drawing objects for temporary and/or revisionrelated information. DWG/DXF files. polylines. rectangles. arcs. marks and dimensions. Create manual dimensions To add manual Y-dimensions to the diagonal bracing connection (on grid line 3) in the GRID A view: 1. Create Drawing Objects In the G [1] drawing. check that the Xsnap is set on in the Setup menu.g. text. circles. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings 21 . 4.10. End the command with middle mouse button. 3.

Select both dimensions (by holding down the Ctrl key).5. 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . right-click and select Combine dimension lines from the pop-up menu. select the dimension line location and click the middle mouse button. Snap again to the center point of the connection and then at the intersection of GRID 3 and GRID +13400. You should now have the vertical location of the diagonal brace connection shown in the GRID A view (see the figure below). Select the dimension line and move it to the correct location by dragging with the mouse. The separate dimension lines are now combined to one dimension line. 6.

Create a cloud To add a cloud and note text to the GRID A view: 1. 2. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings 23 . Click the Draw cloud icon on the Drawings: Drawing toolbar. 3. End the selection with middle mouse button. Pick points for the cloud position around the diagonal bracing connection on grid line 3. Click the Snap to any position icon on the Drawings: Snap settings toolbar.

Select Properties > Text… to open the Text properties dialog box.Create a note text for the cloud 1. Select the standard settings from the option menu and click Load. 2. 3. Change the text properties and frame as shown below and click Apply and OK. 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

The GRID A view should now look like the figure shown below: Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings 25 . Click the Create text with leader line icon in the Drawings: Drawing toolbar. 5.4. First. pick an edge of the cloud as the origin of the leader line and then another point to place the text.

Select File > Close drawing and click Save in the Question dialog box. See the following links for more information about drawing layouts: Lesson 13 GA drawing Help: Drawing > Drawing layout 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 10. side views.6 Drawing Layouts Now we will have a brief introduction on how the Tekla Structures drawing layouts function. Before you create a drawing. plans. A drawing consists of the layout and drawing views. and the elements of table layout are red. you must select a layout. e.6. The drawing views are blue. The example below illustrates the relationship between the table layout and drawing views.g. and section views. A layout connects a set of table layouts and a set of drawing sizes.

Select Properties > Layout… from the menu to open the Layout dialog box. Revision table: Drawing title for GA drawings: View GA drawing table layout To view the contents of the GA drawing table layout in the Model Editor: 1. The drawing title and revision table included in this layout are also shown separately and enlarged.View Contents of a Drawing Layout An example of a GA drawing layout for the A3 drawing sheet size is shown below. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings 27 . 2. Select ga in the list of Layouts and click the Table layout… button to open the Table layouts dialog box.

Select ga in the list of Table layouts and click the Tables… button to open the Tables dialog box.3. 4. The content of the ga table layout is presented in the Chosen tables list. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

for example. is bound by its lower right corner to the lower right corner of the drawing frame (that is the reference object). Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings 29 . The former.5. Select the drawing_title_ga and revision table one at a time to view their location in the table layout.

6. Create a New Layout We will use the existing ga layout as basis for creating a new layout for GA drawings. 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 2. Open the Layout dialog box from the Properties menu. Click Cancel to close the dialog box. Select ga from the list of Layouts and type a name for the new layout (as shown below) and click Add. Create a new GA drawing layout To create a new layout: 1.

4. 5.3. Select drawing_title_ga. 6. Select the newly created ga_new layout in the list and click Table layout… to open the Table layouts dialog box. revision and tender_document one at a time in the Available tables list and add them (using the arrow button) to the Chosen tables list. Select the newly created ga_new table layout in the list and click Tables… to open the Tables dialog box. Select ga in the list of Table layouts and type a name for the new table layout (as shown below) and click Add. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings 31 .

7. Set the location and click Update for each table separately (as shown below). 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

tables in it. In Tekla Structures.\Basic Model 1\attributes folder. and the drawing view scales).8. Click OK to apply and close the Tables dialog box. we need to define drawing size where it will be used. type name ga_new_A3 for new size. 9. and press Add. Select ga_new from the list of Layouts and press Fixed sizes… 3. Let Tekla Structures find appropriate drawing sizes (according to the layout. 2.lay to the . Define drawing sizes for the new layout Before using the new layout. Click Update in the Table layouts dialog box to update the ga_new table layout and click OK to close the dialog box. In Fixed sizes dialog. To define fixed drawing sizes: 1. you have two options how to set the drawing size. You can either: • • Specify exact sizes for drawings. 10.. Reopen the Layout dialog box from the Properties menu. The new layout settings were saved with the file name ga_new. define width and height for A3 size drawing (410 x 287). Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings 33 . Click OK to close the Layout dialog box.

Reopen the Layout dialog box from the Properties menu. 6. drawing size A4 (287x200). 7. 5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 for ga_new_A4. Click OK to close the Layout dialog box. 2. Select ga_new from the list of Layouts and press Calculated sizes… 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Select ga_new from Table layout pull-down menu and press Update. You have now defined ga_new_A3 size to use ga_new layout. To define calculated drawing sizes: 1. Click OK to close the Fixed sizes dialog box.4.

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings 35 . To use the newly created GA drawing layout: 1. In the General – layout properties dialog box. Open the General arrangement drawing properties dialog box and click the Layout… button.3. click the On/Off button to clear the checkboxes. 2. Select the ga_new in the Layout and Table layout fields and click Modify. 3. Connect all sizes to ga_new layout by selecting ga_new from pull-down menu. Click OK to close the Layout dialog box. 5. Open the drawing list and double-click the G [1] drawing to open it. Use the new GA drawing layout Click OK to close the Calculated sizes dialog box. 4. 4.

36 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . We will now rearrange them manually.5. When the drawing is modified so that the whole drawing needs to be recreated. the revision table and the note TENDER DOCUMENT is as shown below. As a result the views are placed differently thane they were before (see picture below). the drawing views are rearranged. Check that the drawing layout is changed correctly. The drawing title should be present in lower right corner of the drawing.

2. Move the GRID A view correspondingly Your G [1] drawing should now look like the one shown below. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings 37 .Move drawing views To move drawing views: 1. Select the view frame of GRID 3. Hold down the Shift key and drag the view with the mouse to the right side of the 3D view. 3.

Plotting Plot a single GA drawing To plot a single GA drawing from the Drawing Editor: 1. or click the Plot icon on the Drawings: Standard toolbar.7 Plotting Drawings Tekla Structures plots drawings both to selected print devices and to file. Select the print device (plotter) to be used and click Print. see Help: Drawing > Editing drawings > Working with drawing views > Aligning drawing views. 2. Select File > Plot current… to open the Plot dialog box. Single drawings can be plotted from the Drawing Editor. which have been selected in the drawing list.You can place drawing views more accurately by aligning them horizontally or vertically. 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . and single or multiple drawings. 10. Open the G [1] drawing in the Drawing Editor. 3. can be plotted from the Model Editor. For instructions.

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings 39 . For more information about printing to print device. on which the drawing will fit. 2. 3.For more information about available plot options. Open the drawing list in the Model Editor. Select the G [1] drawing in the list. 4. If you select several print devices. 2. Select DWG as the plotting format in the Plotter list. Plotting to a File Plot a GA drawing as a dwg file To plot the G [1] drawing to a file: 1. Click the Plot icon to open the Plot dialog box. Tekla Structures sends each drawing to the device with the smallest paper size. Select at least two GA drawings in the drawing list. Click the Plot icon on the Standard toolbar. Select the print device to be used and click Print. Plot multiple GA drawings To plot multiple GA drawings from the Model Editor: 1. Check that the Plot to file option is marked with a tick. 3. see Help: Drawing > Printing > Printing drawings. see Help: Drawing > Printing > Plot options. Open the drawing list. 4.

Open the selected drawing and follow the above steps..g . You can also print a drawing to DWG using the Drawing Editor. If you do not enter a folder name. To give a particular plot file name type. Type .. If you do not enter a file name for the destination plot file.5. This folder should contain the saved *. Check that the drawings were successfully plotted to the .dwg in the plot file name field. Tekla Structures uses the drawing name(s) as file name(s). 8. 6. or you have chosen several drawings.\Basic Model 1\drawings folder.dwg drawings. e. This will define the . 7.\Basic Model 1\drawings folder as the destination folder of plot files. Tekla Structures creates the file(s) in the current model folder. Tekla Structures does not distinguish between upper and 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . starting at step 3. Click Print to plot the drawing to DWG.\drawings\SteelFrame.. and click Print.\drawings in the plot file name field below the Plot to file option.

3 > Drawing > Drawing plot file Help: Drawing > Printing > Printing drawings to file > Switches for naming plotfiles 10. see: Help: Drawing > Printing > Printing drawings > Printing to DWG/DXF Help: Drawing > Printing > Printing drawings to file For more information about defining drawing plot file names and plot directories. Modify the model by changing the profile of the columns on grid line 1 from HEA300 to HEA320. The revision table also shows the revision date. When the model changes: • • You have to update or revise drawings Attach revision information to the drawings Tekla Structures displays the revision information alongside the revision number or mark in the drawing list and in the revision table within the drawings. Select the drawing to revise.lower case letters. For example. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings 41 .8 Controlling Drawing Revisions Now we will cover the revision handling features of Tekla Structures. see: Help: Release Notes > Xsteel 8. a drawing named A.1. For more information about drawing revisions and creating reports.1 overwrites a drawing named a. see the following links: Help: Drawing > Getting started with drawings > Defining drawing revisions Lesson 9 Numbering and reports Create. right-click and select Revision… to open the Revision handling dialog box. 2. You can create a list of revisions in a report. For more information about plotting to file. 3. Modify and Delete Revision Marks Create revision mark To add a revision mark to the G [1] drawing: 1. Open the drawing list in the Model Editor.

Enter the revision mark. revision date and description text of the revision in the dialog box as shown below. a revision number is automatically assigned to the drawing. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Once the revision is created.4. The revision number is shown in the dialog box. and click Create.

2. Click Delete.5. Change the revision mark to C. By default. Change the model Use B as the revision mark Type revision date and description Click Create Leave the Revision handling dialog box open Select the revision number 2 in the drop-down box next to the Mark field. The corresponding revision information is shown in the dialog box. Open the drawing to check that the modification is shown correctly in the revision table. Select the revision number 2 in the Revision handling dialog box. modify the description text. Delete revision mark To delete a revision mark: 1. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings 43 . Open the drawing to check that the drawing title and revision table display the revision information correctly. and information. see the following links: Help: Drawing > Getting started with drawings > Defining drawing revisions Help: System > Files and folders > Startup batch file. Check that the revision number is shown in the drawing list. 4. Several drawings can share the same revision mark. date. select multiple drawings from the drawing list. Modify revision information To modify the revision information of an existing revision mark: 1. 6. To attach the same revision information to several drawings simultaneously. First create a new revision to the G [1] drawing by following steps 2-5 presented above: • • • • • 2. 3. For more information. You can choose whether Tekla Structures shows the revision numbers or the revision marks in the drawing list. revision numbers are shown. and click Modify.

Open the drawing to check that the revision table is also updated. Show Revision Information in a Report The report drawing_issue_rev shows the revision dates and revision information of drawings. 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Show Revision Mark in Plot File Names When you plot drawings to files such as DWG. Select the drawing_issue_rev from the report list and click the Create from all button. Show revision information in report To create a report containing the revision information: 1. DXF or PDF. you can include the latest revision number or mark in the plot file name. When you delete a revision. 2. Check that the revision number is shown correctly in the drawing list. Click the Report icon on the Standard toolbar to open the Report dialog box. The updated revision number of the drawing is now 1. Tekla Structures automatically adjusts the remaining revision numbers for that drawing. For more information about reports see Lesson 9 Numbering and Reports.3. select the checkbox of the Include revision mark to file name option as shown below. In the Plot dialog box.

3. 4.

Click the Show button to open the report. Check that the revisions are shown correctly in the report drawing_issue_rev.xsr (Tekla Structures creates the report in the model folder).

See the picture below as an example of the drawing_issue_rev report. Revisions made to the G [3] drawing are marked with a red rectangle.

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Create Revision marks in Drawings
We will create revision marks in the drawings to help locate the changes made to the model.

For more information about creating revision marks in drawings, see Help: Drawing > Editing drawings > Editing drawings reference > Create > Revision mark.
Define revision mark appearance

To create a revision mark in the G [1] drawing:
1. 2. Select the G [1] drawing in the drawing list and click the Update marks button to update all marks. Open the selected drawing and check that the part mark of the column on grid line 1 in the GRID A view has changed.

3. 4.

Select Properties > Revision mark… from the menu to open the Revision mark properties dialog box. Select the revision number 1 in the drop-down box next to the Mark field to obtain the corresponding revision information.
TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation

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5.

On the Appearance tab, select the Arrow type as shown below, change the Frame color of the revision mark to red and click OK.

Create revision mark in GA drawing

1.

Select Create > Revision mark > Arrow on right from the menu and pick a point to place the mark. For example, pick close to the column and its part mark on grid line 1 in the GRID A view. Double-click the revision mark to obtain its properties. Check that the contents of the revision mark is correct, and its appearance corresponds to the properties set in step5.

2.

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TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Principles of Working with Drawings

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation

Tekla Structures Basic Training

Tekla Structures 10.0 April 26, 2004
Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation

Contents

11

Assembly and Single Part Drawings ......................................................................... 3
11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 Integration between Drawings and the Model............................................................................3 Create Drawings Using Drawing Wizards..................................................................................4 Edit Drawing Properties ...........................................................................................................11 Create New Drawing Wizard ...................................................................................................21 Create Drawings Manually.......................................................................................................28 Edit Drawings Manually ...........................................................................................................29 Updating Assembly and Single-part Drawings.........................................................................32 Cloning Drawings ....................................................................................................................36

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation

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11

Assembly and Single Part Drawings

In this lesson

We will introduce the creation of assembly and single-part drawings in Tekla Structures. We will first create single-part and assembly drawings by using predefined drawing wizards (drawing wizards are an automatic way of creating single, assembly and multi-drawings). We will then edit the drawing properties and create a new drawing wizard. The Drawing Wizard will use the edited drawing properties and the select filters that we defined in an earlier lesson. Then we will show how the same drawings can be created manually. We will also demonstrate how updating effects the drawings. Revision control of all drawing types is presented in Lesson 10 Principles of working with drawings.

11.1 Integration between Drawings and the Model
Assembly and Single-Part Drawings
Single-part drawings are workshop drawings of each of the individual steel parts in the model. Assembly drawings are workshop drawings, in which details of an assembly consisting of the steel parts are presented for fabrication. All of the views in single-part or assembly drawings are current views of the members as they are in the model. When the model contains any identical members, the drawing is a view of one of these members. The drawing, however, contains information about the quantity of all of the identical members. If the "host" member of the drawing is modified or deleted, it will get a new position mark at the next numbering. Tekla Structures will then automatically assign the original drawing to another member with the original position mark.

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Tekla Structures integrates the drawings and reports with the model. This means that, for example, dimensions and marks in the drawings are always correct. Because the information in the drawings and reports comes directly from the model, you cannot delete any of the parts or bolts from the drawings. You are able to filter out parts and bolts in the drawings, or make them invisible. You can create drawings and reports at any stage of the project. If you change the model, Tekla Structures updates the related drawings when you next carry out numbering. For more information, see Help: Drawing > Introduction to drawings > Basics.

11.2 Create Drawings Using Drawing Wizards
Once you have numbered the model, you can create assembly and single-part drawings from the model. Drawing wizards are the most effective way to create drawings in Tekla Structures. Wizards automatically produce different types of drawings of different parts, such as beams, columns, and braces. You can use wizards to create single-part, assembly, or multi-drawings using the settings defined in the wizard files. You can use the predefined wizard files, edit them, or create your own drawing wizards. The Wizard dialog box lists the available wizard files.

For more information on drawing wizards, see:
Help: Drawing > Getting started with drawings > Using drawing wizards Help: Drawing > Getting started with drawings > Drawings reference > File > Wizard…

Drawing wizards cannot be used to create cast unit (CU) drawings of concrete structures.

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TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation

3. Create Single-Part Drawings of Selected Parts We will now use a drawing wizard to create single-part drawings of selected steel beams and plates. Select the whole model with an area selection. Open the BasicModelCombined. Model members which will be selected by the select filter must exist. By creating wizards that match the select filters and drawing properties in the project you can automatically create all single and assembly drawings of the parts using the correct predefined properties. Create single-part drawings of steel beams 1. The appropriate wizard file must exist. or just from the selected parts. Define the drawing properties to be used. Select the BEAM_STEEL from the drop down list of available Select filters. Preconditions of using a drawing wizard: • • • • Numbering of the model must be up to date. The saved drawing properties listed in the wizard file must exist. select the parts from which to create drawings. you can choose whether the wizard creates drawings from all parts of the model. 4. assembly or multi). Create drawings. To view the creation of the drawings. 2. With the given select filter. When you apply a wizard. The saved select filters listed in the wizard file must exist. open the drawing list by clicking the Open drawing list icon. drawing wizards automatically perform the following steps: 1. Define the drawing type to be created (single. 3. 4. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 5 . 2.Functionality of Drawing Wizards For each member type in the model.

6 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 6.5. Select File > Wizard… from the menu or click the Wizard icon on the Standard toolbar to open the Wizard dialog box. 8. 9. In the drawing list check that the single-part drawings with the title BEAM were created. 7. Click the Create from selected button. Open a few single-part drawings for viewing. Select Single Drawings on the Wizards tab.

). you could create single-part drawings from any other selected steel parts in the model (columns. 5. etc. Select Single Drawings on the Wizards tab in the wizard dialog box. Select the PLATE select filter. Open a few single-part drawings for viewing. 6. 2. 4. angles. In the drawings list check that the single-part drawings with the title PLATE were created. 1. Using the procedure outlined above.Create single-part drawings from plates Following the procedure above. now create the single part drawings of the plates. braces. 3. Select the whole model with an area selection. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 7 . Click the Create from selected button.

Select Assembly Drawings on the Wizards tab. Click the Wizard icon to open the Wizard dialog box. 4. Use the Create from all button to create drawings from the whole model at once. Click the Create from all button. To create single-part drawings from all of the steel parts at once you can use the option Create from all. Create Assembly Drawings of All Parts Next we will create assembly drawings of all of the parts by using another drawing wizard. Tekla Structures displayes a Cancel dialog box during the creation drawings. To create all of the assembly drawings: Create assembly drawings 1. 3. Click OK in the dialog box to stop creating the drawings. Note that Tekla Structures will not create single-part drawings or assembly drawings from concrete parts.It is advisable to create all the single and assembly drawings with the wizard. even for a single part. 2. 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . In the drawings list check that the assembly drawings were created correctly (sort the drawing list by Title).

Click the Filter . Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 9 . 2. the predefine wizards creates drawings using STANDARD properties.5. Select parts with drawing title STANDARD 1. Open a few assembly drawings (which are not named STANDARD) for viewing.Select parts button. Select drawings with the title STANDARD in the drawing list. For parts that don't match with the drawing properties or filters listed in the wizard file.

e.The parts associated with the selected drawing are now highlighted in the model. Select one vertical brace on gridline A. 3. a single-part or assembly drawing.g.All button to ensure that all drawings are shown in the list. You will find that e.By parts button. Open brace drawing 1. Click the Display . 2. A drawing wizard will not create a duplicate drawing for any member already having. Click the Filter . that objects like braces are highlighted in the model (the default wizard does not have a request for bracing). The drawing list shows now only the assembly drawing created from the brace selected in the model. 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Open the drawing The brace drawing was created with standard properties and not properties defined for bracing.g. 4.

2. The editing we will do are just examples of using the drawing properties. we will first remove the existing dimensions from the drawing. 3. You can also use saved drawing properties in wizards. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 11 . Help: Drawing > Dimensioning Help: Drawing > Drawing Properties Whenever possible. Using this drawing we will save the properties for the horizontal bracing.11. Study the Online help for information on each of the separate fields available in the drawing properties. As an example we will open one vertical brace drawing for editing. To illustrate the effect of single fields.3 Edit Drawing Properties We will now define specific drawing properties for both horizontal and vertical bracing and save the properties to be used later in the drawing wizard. you should modify drawings by changing the drawing properties. We will then edit some more properties and save them for the vertical bracing. Right-click on the drawing and select Properties… to open the Assembly drawing properties. These modifications remain when the drawing is recreated due to a model change. The drawing now appears without any dimensions and only the main view is visible. The final drawing you get depends on the environment you are using and may not be identical to this example. Click Modify. We will edit dimensioning protection and part mark properties. Load the predefined properties no_dimensions. Load properties no_dimension 1.

3. Display both front and top views 1. Main part overall dimension 1. Click Apply and then Modify. The first dimension we will add is the main part overall dimension. Tekla Structures creates the additional views only if it is necessary in order to show the dimensions in the drawing. Select Once for Main part overall dimensions. 2. However. we want to have both the front and top views in the brace drawings regardless of the dimensions that may be needed. for our purposes. In the Assembly drawing properties dialog box click Dimensioning… > Part dimensions. In the Assembly drawing properties dialog box click the View… button Choose the option on for the Front and Top views Click Apply and then Modify Now both the front and top views are displayed. 3. 2. 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .By default.

On the Bolt dimensions tab select Assembly for Extreme bolts. Click Apply and Modify.The main part overall dimension appears. 2. Extreme bolts 1. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 13 . We will next add the dimension between the extreme bolts.

Help: Drawing > Dimensioning > Dimension planes 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Click Apply and then Modify. We then continue by dimensioning the main part cuts Main part shape To dimension the cuts in the main part: 1.The distance between the extreme bolts appears. On the Part dimensions tab turn Main part shape: to On. 2.

This is due to the dimension type defined in the Assembly – Dimension properties tab. 3. Change dimension type from absolute to relative 1.The dimensions of the cuts appear in absolute dimensions. In the Assembly drawing properties dialog box click Dimension… Change the Dimension types / In X direction to relative (see fig below). Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 15 . 2. We will change the dimension type to relative. Click Apply and then Modify.

16 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . XS_NO_RELATIVE_SHAPE_DIMENSIONS. By commenting environment variable. out the shape dimensions would always be relative despite the option chosen in the Dimension properties dialog box.The dimensions of main part cuts now appear as relative dimensions.

These options define that Part marks may not overlap dimension lines. This way you can e.g. Select the checkboxes shown below. 3. above) overlapping with the dimension line. 2. In the Assembly drawing properties dialog box click Protection. These options define that dimension lines may not overlap parts.Protection You can protect areas in drawings to prevent text or dimensions being placed there. In cases where Tekla Structures can not find a free place for an object the objects will overlap with each others despite the switches in the protection dialog box. prevent the part mark (1012 in the fig. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 17 . Select the checkboxes shown below. 1.

For vertical bracing we want to see the secondary part bolt internal dimensions and change the part mark frame little. Save as properties for bracing_H 1. Type bracing_H_TR in the Save as field.4. Click Apply and then Modify We will now save the properties that we have applied so far for horizontal bracing. Type bracing_H in the Name: field of Assembly drawing properties dialog box. click the Save as button 18 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . We will then continue to edit the drawing little and save the properties for vertical bracing. 2.

Dimensioning properties > Bolt dimensions tab select Internal for Secondary part bolt internal dimensions. Click Apply and then Modify. 2. Secondary part bolt internal 1.We will now add bolt dimensions to the vertical bracing. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 19 . On the Assembly .

The bolt distance dimensions of the gusset plates appear.part mark properties / General tab: 1. Change the Frame around mark to rectangular. On the Assembly . 20 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Change the frame of part marks We will next change the part mark frame to be rectangular.

We will add two new drawing requests to create horizontal and vertical braces and use the new properties defined for them.4 Create New Drawing Wizard We will next create a new drawing wizard that matches the select filters created earlier and the available drawing properties. Click Apply and then Modify The frames of part mark change to rectangular. Type bracing_V_TR in the Save as field. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 21 . 2. Save as properties for bracing_V 1. click the Save as button 11. Type bracing_V in the Name: field of Assembly drawing properties dialog box. We will also save the properties for those parts that don't match our wizard to be shown as INCOMPLETE in the drawing list.2.

Edit the Name: field to INCOMPLETE. Load standard drawing properties. Select Assembly Drawings on the Wizards tab. The following links present more information on customizing the wizard settings and the contents of a wizard file. we will perform the following steps: 1. Modify the new file. Save as the properties with name INCOMPLETE.Create properties INCOMPLETE 1. We will now use an existing wizard as the basis for constructing our own wizard. 3. 3. Open an existing wizard file. 2. Test the functionality of the new wizard. Click the Wizard icon to open the Wizard dialog box. 2. 2. Help: System > Files and folders > Customizing Tekla Structures > Creating wizard files Help: System > Files and folders > Log files > Wizard log To create the new wizard file: Open existing wizard file 1. Click Edit to open the wizard file in a text editor. 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Save it with another name. 3. To create a new drawing wizard. 4.

\countries\*environment*\system folder. Select Save as… from the File menu of the text editor to save the wizard file with another name. Modified and saved wizard files are saved in the same folder. 2. Browse to the attributes folder under your model folder. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 23 .dproc as the file name and click Save.dproc. Check that the ASSEMBLY_TR.dproc file was created in the attributes subfolder by selecting Open model folder from the Tools menu. unless you define another destination folder (such as the model folder). enter ASSEMBLY_TR. Note that the file extension has to be .. The predefined wizard files are located in the .Save wizard file with another name 1. To have the new wizard file shown in the Wizard dialog box. 3. In the system folder the wizard files are available for use in all models. you need to close and reopen the model.

Modify wizard file 1. Select an existing drawing request for purlins (shown highlighted below) and copy it two times under the original request. 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 3. 2. Select ASSEMBLY_TR on the Wizards tab and click Edit. Open the Wizard dialog box.

to match the criteria for vertical and horizontal bracing shown highlighted in yellow below. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 25 . Edit the requests that you copied.4.

Delete requests 5. • • Delete the requests that don't match our select filters: trusses ladders 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

for this project. A wizard file is comprised of several sets of drawing requests. Click Save to save the changes and to close the text editor. Delete all of the assembly drawings in the drawing list. since Tekla Structures creates only one drawing for each selected object. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 27 . • • • • Change the select filters defined for steel parts in this project: column_filter to COLUMN_STEEL beam_filter to BEAM_STEEL purlin_filter to PURLIN etc. 2. The first request that matches the criteria of select filters is applied. Edit the last request to be as shown: /* Create rest of assembly drawings */ set_drawing_type(assembly) set_drawing_attributes(INCOMPLETE) set_filter(standard) create_drawings() Save the wizard file 8. Request for the rest of the assembly drawings 7. Open the Wizard dialog box. Change the select filters 6. select the ASSEMBLY_TR wizard and click Create from all.Next we will change all the requests to use the select filters that we defined earlier. Apply own wizard file 1. The order of these requests is important. Now we want to ensure that the new wizard file functions correctly.

2. Click Drawing > Assembly drawing to create assembly drawings or Drawing > Singlepart drawing to create single-part drawings. for selected parts. To manually create assembly drawings from all columns: Delete column assembly Create assembly drawings drawings from columns Open the drawing list and delete all assembly drawings with the title COLUMN. • • • Check the drawing list to see that correct drawing properties were used: The titles of the created assembly drawings INCOMPLETE bracing_V. Select column properties in the drop-down box next to the Load button.5 Create Drawings Manually In Tekla Structures. in contrast to the drawing creation with wizards. 3.3. etc. you can create single-part and assembly drawings by loading and applying predefined drawing properties for layout. Create Assembly Drawings As example. bracing_H 11. Select the model objects. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . we will create assembly drawings from the columns. 1. Load the predefined drawing properties. This process is called the manual creation of drawings. Select Properties > Assembly drawing… in the menu to open the Assembly drawing properties dialog box. dimensions. marks. The steps for the manual creation of drawings are basically the same as the steps used by the drawing wizard: 1. 3. 2. Select the column_filter on the Select switches toolbar and select the whole model.

text. Click Load and OK. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 29 . 11.4. if you use the drawing properties to modify the drawing. lines. Click Create Y dimension icon.6 Edit Drawings Manually It is possible to manually add and edit additional drawing objects (i. 5. the modifications remain if the drawing must be recreated due to a model change. 2. Open the drawing list and check that the correct drawings were created. you should modify drawings by editing only the drawing properties. Add bolt distance dimensions 1. symbols.e. 6. Whenever possible. graphics and marks) in Tekla Structures drawings. We will now edit a brace_H drawing manually to include same editing that we defined for vertical brace_V drawing properties (the bolt distance dimensions and the rectangular part mark frame). dimensions. Select Drawing > Assembly drawing in the menu to create the assembly drawings. For example. You can also use the view filters in the View filter dialog box (opened from the View properties dialog box) to help selecting members in the model for drawing creation. Open the first bracing_H drawing in the drawing list.

2. Double-click one of the part marks to open Part mark properties dialog box. Move the cursor to where you want the dimension to appear and click the middle button. Change the frame of part marks 1. On General tab change the Frame around mark to rectangular and tick only this check box. 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Add the bolt dimension to the other end the same way. 4. To move the dimension: Select it and drag it to the desired position. Pick the center points of bolts to be dimensioned.3.

Select all the part marks in the drawing.3. Now all the part marks in the drawing have rectangular frames. click Save in the confirmation dialog box. Close the drawing. 5. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 31 . 4. Modify.

From the page 4 connection toolbar. Now the drawings of the horizontal bracing have the same editing as the vertical bracing. the updating deletes all the manual editing (added dimensions.). 11. This indicates that the picture (the parts and bolts) and the marks of the member have been updated but not the dimensions. 2. Close the drawing. To be able to open the drawings you will need to run numbering and update them. Change the frame of part marks to rectangular. 3. 3.Edit the other bracing_H drawing 1. Changes in the model will result in some of the drawings will no longer be up-to-date. Switch the P flag on a frozen drawing to an *. Tubebolts2 and Tubebolts3 tab pages edit the vertical bolt spacing to 80 as shown below. texts etc. Add the bolt distance dimensions. The difference is that part of the horizontal brace editing was done manually. Update the quantities on a drawing with an N flag. In the Tubebolts1. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Check that the Ignore other types is selected in the connection dialog box. 2. click Save and Freeze in the confirmation dialog box An F appears in the drawing list to show this drawing is frozen.7 Updating Assembly and Single-part Drawings We will now modify our model by changing the bolt spacing of all of the gusset plate connections. We will study how updating effects the edited drawings. Changes in the Model Change gusset plate bolt spacing 1. double-click the Tube gusset (20) icon. 4. 4. Open the second bracing_H drawing. Updating will: • • • Regenerate any drawings with a P flag that are unfrozen. Select all the connections in the model.

To be able to open the drawings you need to run numbering and update them. Click Update. To update drawings: 1. Run numbering Select Tools > Numbering > Modified. They will be complete right after updating. Open the drawings to see that they are ok.5. Select the bracing_V drawings from the list. 2. Click Modify. 3. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 33 . since they are simply recreated using their own attributes. Once the numbering is carried out the flags in the Drawings list shows all of the affected drawings that need to be updated. Help: Drawing > Getting started with drawings > Drawing status flags Update vertical brace drawings The vertical brace drawings were created with only the predefined drawing attributes. Now the model has changed and some of the drawings are no longer up to date.

Click Update. Select the bracing_H drawing that is not frozen. 1. 3.Update not frozen horizontal brace drawing Since the drawing is not frozen the updating regenerates the drawing but deletes all the manual editing (in this case the added bolt dimensions and part mark frame change). There is no Undo for the updating the drawings command. Open the drawing You can see the manually added dimension has disappeared and the part mark frame is back to rounded. 2. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

6. it is advisable to always freeze manually edited drawings.Updating a frozen drawing updates the picture of the member and the marks. but not the dimensions or manual editing. If major modifications in the model create problems with a drawing you can always recreate the drawing with the automatic settings. Click Update. Click Add / remove dimension point icon. You can see that the bolt dimension still appears but is not correct. Updating a frozen drawing can lead to a situation of incomplete or erroneous dimensioning. The fact that a lot of time can be spent editing drawings. Pick the correct points (the center points of bolts) to dimension. 7. 5. Select the dimension line and click the Add / remove dimension point icon. The dimension is now correct. Update frozen horizontal braze drawing To update frozen drawings: 1. Select the frozen bracing_H drawing from the list. You must manually complete or edit the dimensioning. 4. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings 35 . 2. 3. We will need to fix up any dimensions that need updating. 8. Use Shift and pick the wrong dimension points to remove them. Open drawing with an *. The P gets replaced by an *.

It is not possible to open earlier revisions of the drawings. 11.9. Due to the integration between drawings and the model a drawing that is not up-to-date cannot be opened.8 Cloning Drawings For more information. see Help: Drawing > Getting started with drawings > Working with drawings > Cloning drawings. You can filter up-to-date drawings with Filter > Up to date button. 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Assembly and Single Part Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . To get non up to date drawings listed press Display > Invert button after Filter > Up to date. Save the drawing and the * flag will be removed.

Tekla Structures Basic Training Tekla Structures 10.0 April 26. 2004 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

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....................................................................3 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings i ......Contents 12 Cast Unit Drawings........................................................1 Create Cast Unit Drawings ................................................................ 3 12..............

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If the "host" member of the drawing is modified or deleted. Tekla Structures will then automatically assign the original drawing to another member with the original position mark. You can create drawings and reports at any stage of the project. This means that. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings 3 . in which details of a cast unit. However. When the model contains any identical members. for example. Tekla Structures updates the related drawings when you next carry out numbering. dimensions and marks in the drawings are always correct. however. All of the views in the drawings are current views of the members as they are in the model. Tekla Structures integrates the drawings and reports with the model. Because the information in the drawings and reports comes directly from the model. it will get a new position mark at the next numbering. you cannot delete any of the parts or bolts from the drawings. to get the drawings appear as complete as possible. Selecting Cast Unit drawings from the Drawing pull-down menu will generate drawings of the selected parts. or make them invisible. it is a good idea to create drawings of certain cast units with suitable properties predefined for them.1 Create Cast Unit Drawings Cast unit drawings are workshop (or in-situ) drawings. You will learn how to: • • • • • • • Use your own Select filters Define cast unit drawing properties Define Drawing Classifier settings Use the Drawing Classifier Use different drawings of the same cast unit Use cloning Use the drawing list 12. We will then modify the drawings and use the finished drawings for cloning.12 Cast Unit Drawings In this lesson In this lesson we will learn how to create cast unit drawings of the concrete members of the model. are presented for fabrication. You are able to filter out parts and other objects in the drawings. contains information about the quantity of all of the identical members. consisting of the concrete parts. Once the model is numbered it is possible to create cast unit drawings of selected parts in the model. The drawing. If you change the model. reinforcement and components. the drawing is a view of one of these members.

Select Calculated/fixed sizes in Autosize > Use option menu. Set the layout properties Select By cast unit position as the cast unit definition method. 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . We will next define drawings size.There are two options for cast unit drawing specification. The possible options to select are By cast unit position or By cast unit ID. From the pull-down menu select Properties > Cast unit drawing. This text will appear in the drawing list. 7. Look also at lesson 10 for layouts. Select the Other tab page. 11. Type BEAM REINFORCEMENT into the Name field. 4. Define Cast Unit Drawing Properties for Beams We will now define cast unit drawing properties for a beam. Press Layout… button.. which has reinforcements included. 2. 10. Select Projection type to be First angle (also referred to as European projection). Set the common drawing properties 1. Set Yes to Side views beside main. 9. See more in Tekla Structures Help: Drawing > Drawing layout > Drawing size and Drawing > Drawing layout > Scale and location of drawing views > Location of views in drawings. 5. Select Size definition mode to be Autosize. 8. See more in Tekla Structures Help: Drawing > Getting started with drawings > Creating cast unit drawings. Set Autoscale to No. Select the Scale tab page. 6.. layout and view projection. 3.

4. See more in Tekla Structures Help: Drawing > Drawing properties > Drawing view properties. Next we will define how the parts will be represented in the drawing. 5. then click Save as to save the settings. Set Coordinate system to local.Set Scale to 1:20. which is weighted 0. Enter the name Beam in the text box next to the Save as button.3 mms. Enter the name Beam in the text box next to the Save as button. Set the view properties Next we will define which views will be created to the drawing. then click Save as to save the settings. 2. Set Hidden lines on and Center line and Reference lines off. 6. 1. select line weight 0.1 mm. Set rotation to 0 in all directions. Set Part representation to Exact. See more in Tekla Structures Help: Drawing > Drawing properties > Drawing view properties. Set the part properties Turn back and bottom views off. Select the Appearance tab.12. 3. 1. Press View… button. all other views to on or auto. Close the dialog by pressing OK. Press Part… button. All views of a view type share the same scale. 7. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings 5 . select color. For Visible lines. For all other lines. Close the dialog by pressing OK. Select theAttributes tab. 2. 8. 13. 3. 5.

7. Close the dialog by pressing OK. Press Dimensioning… button. 2. 1.. See more in Tekla Structures Help: Printing > The plotter catalog > Color.Color weight is defined in plotter catalog: File > Catalog > Plotters > Modify… > Color table. Set the dimensioning properties Enter the name Beam in the text box next to the Save as button. See more in Tekla Structures Help: Drawing > Dimensioning. 6. 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . then click Save as to save the settings. Set Number of views > Minimize and Combine dimensions > Options to No. Next we will define how the parts will be dimensioned in the drawing..

Select the Position dimensions tab page. then click Save as to save the settings. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings 7 . 7. 8. 4. Set Position to Main part. 6. Enter the name Beam in the text box next to the Save as button. Set part dimensions as below: 5. Select the Part dimensions tab page. Close the dialog by pressing OK.3.

6. Now save these settings.. Apply all setting and close the dialog by pressing OK. See more in Tekla Structures Help: Printing > The plotter catalog > Color. 7. Set the Representation to single line. Set the Visibility of all reinforcing bars to Visible. 5. then click Save as to save the settings. Close the dialog by pressing OK. All other object can use standard settings. Select color.3 mms. Enter the name Beam-Reinforcement in the text box next to the Save as button. 9. then click Save as to save the settings. Set the Visibility of reinforcing bars in group to all.. We will first represent all reinforcements with same color and modify it later. 8. 4. Press Reinforcement… button. 3. See more in Tekla Structures Help: Drawing > Drawing properties > Reinforcement in drawings. which is weighted 0. 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Color weight is defined in plotter catalog: File > Catalog > Plotters >Modify…> Color table. Select the Bar appearance tab page.Set the reinforcing properties Next we will define how the reinforcements will be represented in the drawing. Enter the name Beam in the text box next to the Save as button. 1. 2.

Create a cast unit drawing 1. Then we will edit the settings and use them in new drawings for other beams with the help of Drawing Classifier. using the predefined attribute values. TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 9 . which can be opened from Drawing > List… See more about drawing list in Tekla Structures Help: Drawings > Getting started with drawings > Drawing list and Lesson 10. Select Drawing > Cast unit drawing from drop-down menu. which has reinforcements included.Create a Cast Unit Drawings for a Beam We will first create one cast unit drawing for a beam. between lines E and F. Select a beam on grid line 1. A cast unit drawing is created of the selected beam using the predefined attribute values and it appears in the drawing list. 2.

You can edit drawings in the Drawing Editor on three levels: • • • Drawing properties View properties Object properties For more information about the drawing properties and different drawing levels.Open the cast unit drawing for editing Select the drawing from the list and press Open button. you should modify drawings by editing only the drawing properties. Write BOTTOM_BAR TOP_BAR to the Reinforcing bar Name field. 1. 4.. see Tekla Structures help: Help: Drawing > Introduction to drawings > Three levels of editing drawings Help: Drawing > Drawing properties and Lesson 10. Double click any view border to open the View properties dialog. See more in Tekla Structures Help: Drawing > Drawing Properties > The drawing classifier > Using the classifier. Tekla Structures uses filters for selecting objects in drawing views with certain criteria. Once the properties have been set up and saved they can be applied during automatic drawing creation in the normal ways. The Classifier makes use of the Drawing and View Filter. Whenever possible. Drawing Classifier in Beam Cast Unit Drawings Define Drawing Classifier Settings We will use Drawing Classifier to represent the different reinforcements with different line settings. As a default all reinforcements use the same line settings and for clearer representation it is good to show different reinforcement with different line styles and weights. Then the modifications remain if the drawing must be recreated due to a model change. 2. 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Note that there is an empty space between the names to separate them. the Drawing and View Properties and Property Attribute sub dialogs.. Tekla Structures opens the Beam reinforcement drawing for editing. Click the Filter. Select the Reinforcing bars tab page. 3. edit and save View properties rather than Drawing properties. To change properties on a single view of a multiple view drawing. Create view filters We will first define the filter settings for different reinforcements. button to open the View filter properties dialog box.

5. We have now defined three different filters for different kind of reinforcements. which is weighted 0.5. last section is the name of the filter attribute file – in this case "Main_Bars".. 1. 9. Write then PNL to the Reinforcing bar Name field. First there must be text "filter". Define reinforcement appearance Next we will define the appearance settings for the reinforcements. Save the filter settings with name Main_Bars in the Save as field. Select color. 8. The name consists of three sections. then click Save as to save the property file for main bars. 3. Enter the name filter_Beam-Reinforcement_Lifting_Hooks in the text box next to the Save as button. then the drawing or view attribute file name – in this case "BeamReinforcement" – (the saved settings of drawing or view main dialog). Select the Bar appearance tab page. 2. 8. Click the Reinforcement. Select filled line as the Representation type. Enter the name Stirrups in the text box next to the Save as button. Enter the name Lifting_Hooks in the text box next to the Save as button. Enter the name filter_Beam-Reinforcement_Main_Bars in the text box next to the Save as button. 6. Next write STIRRUP to the Reinforcing bar Name field. Click Cancel to close the dialog box. 4. 10. Select straight line as symbol at reinforcement ends. then click Save as to save the settings. 6.. as this will apply the current filter to the entire drawing and the Classifier will not work. then click Save as to save the settings. 7. Do not click Apply or OK. 7. The sections are combined with "_" mark.5 mms. TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 11 . Next select the Bar content tab page. then click Save as to save the property file for main bars. button to open the View reinforcing bar properties dialog box.

5. stirrups can use Beam-Reinforcement settings. Select Name from Available elements list and press Add> button. Select the Pullout picture from Available elements list on Single mark tab page. we will add drawing classifier settings for pullout pictures of stirrup reinforcement marks. We have now drawing classifier settings for main reinforcements and lifting hooks. 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 6. Press the Add> button. Tick the Dimensions and Bending angle. Select then Group above the Elements in mark list. Before modifying the drawing. 7. Then remove all elements from Elements in mark list. Repeat steps 2 – 4 to add the Pullout picture for reinforcement group mark. then click Save as to save the property file for stirrup reinforcements. Define reinforcement mark content Click Cancel to close the dialog box. 2. 8. Pullout picture dialog opens. 10. 3. 9. 4. 1. Select Diameter from Available elements list and press Add> button. then press OK.9. Click the Reinforcement marks… button to open the View reinforcing bar mark properties dialog box. Enter the name filter_Beam-Reinforcement_Stirrups in the text box next to the Save as button.

TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 13 . Use the Drawing Classifier to Create New Drawings Next we will create new drawings of rest of the concrete beams with the same Drawing Classifier settings. Main reinforcement bars are now represented with line weighted 0.5 mms. Select BEAM_CONCRETE select filter. We will first modify the drawing. 1. Select Properties > Cast unit drawing… to open the Cast unit drawing properties dialog. 2. Tekla Structures edits the picture using drawing classifier settings. then click Save as to save the property file for lifting hooks. 4. 2. 3. which is already open. 3. Double click at any empty space to open the Cast unit drawing properties dialog. 12.11. 5. and stirrups have a pullout picture in the mark. Press Modify. Click Cancel to close the dialog box. Press Load button. Select Beam_Reinforcement drawing settings from pull-down menu list. 4. Use Drawing Classifier to Edit the Drawing Now all drawing classifier settings are ready for use. Press OK to apply the settings and to close the dialog. Now close the drawing saving it. Enter the name filter_Beam-Reinforcement_Lifting_Hooks in the text box next to the Save as button. Modify the drawing 1. lifting hooks with filled line having name + diameter in the mark. Close all view dialogs by clicking Cancel.

then click Save as to save the settings. Define Cast Unit Drawing Properties for Columns Using the settings for beam cast unit drawing as basis. 5. Open the Reinforcement properties dialog by pressing Reinforcement… Select filter_Beam-Reinforcement_Main_Bars from pull-down list and press the Load button. 3. 2. 4. Apply all setting and close the dialog by pressing OK. Select the Beam-Reinforcement from saved attributes list and press Load. Select Drawing > Cast unit drawing from drop-down menu. Now save these settings by pressing Save as in the main dialog. Tekla Structures generates cast unit drawings of the selected beams using drawing classifier settings for reinforced beams and they appear in the drawing list with title BEAM REINFORCEMENT. 3. 2. 1. 2. Select the Position dimensions tab page. 4. All concrete beams will be selected. Enter the name Column-Reinforcement in the text box next to the Save as button. Open the column cast unit drawing.6. 6. Enter the name filter_Column-Reinforcement_Main_Bars in the text box next to the Save as button. 5. All other object can use standard or Beam-reinforcement settings. 7. 3. 1. Press Dimensioning… button. then click Save as to save the settings. 4. 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . See more in Tekla Structures Help: Drawing > Dimensioning. Modify the Drawing Classifier settings We will next modify the Drawing Classifier settings for columns: 1. Set the Elevation dimensions to On. Select a column on grid lines 1 and C intersection. Create Cast Unit Drawings for Columns 1. Make an area select of the whole model. 7. Then we will modify the settings and use them in new drawings for other beams with the help of drawing classifier. Double click at any view border to open the View properties dialog box. 2. Enter the name Column-Reinforcement in the text box next to the Save as button. A cast unit drawing is created of the selected column. which has reinforcements included. Change the name field to COLUMN REINFORCEMENT. Close the dialog by pressing OK. We will first create one cast unit drawing for a column. using the predefined attribute values. Set the dimensioning attributes Select Properties > Cast unit drawing… from drop-down menu to open the Cast unit drawing properties dialog. Next we add elevation dimensioning to dimensioning settings. Select Drawing > Cast unit drawing. 3. we will next define drawing settings for columns and generate cast unit drawings of them. then click Save as to save the settings. Select the Beam from saved attributes list and press Load.

Click Cancel to close the dialog box. 11. Select COLUMN_CONCRETE select filter. In View properties dialog. Next we will define part mark settings for Drawing Classifier. 6. both for main part and secondary part.6. Enter the name component in the text box next to the Save as button. Enter the name filter_Column-Reinforcement_ Lifting_Hooks in the text box next to the Save as button. Click Cancel to close the dialog box. press Part mark… Remove all elements from Elements in mark list. 3. 1. 4. Click Cancel to close the dialog box. Close the drawing and save it. 7. Use Drawing Classifier to create new drawings We will now create cast unit drawings for all concrete columns with the drawing classifier settings. Enter 100 into Class field on Parts tab page. Double click at any empty space to open the Cast unit drawing properties dialog. 8. Then load the settings of filter_Beam-Reinforcement_Lifting_Hooks. First we need to define the filter for components. In View properties dialog. 5. TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 15 . 8. We will next add part mark settings for column shoes. Enter the name filter_Column-Reinforcement_component in the text box next to the Save as button. then click Save as to save the settings. 1. press Filter… As all parts inside the components have class number 100. 2. Tekla Structures edits the picture using drawing classifier settings. 12. Press Modify. using the component filter. 7. we can use that for filtering. 9. 10. then click Save as to save the settings. then click Save as to save the settings.

Set the visibility of reinforcing bars to Not visible. Drawing might be produced as three separate smaller size drawings i. 10. 9. Apply all setting and close the dialog by pressing OK. 8.e. Select Drawing > Cast unit drawing. you can add several new views from the same cast unit to an existing drawing using Create > View > Basic > Front. Press Reinforcement… button. then click Save as to save the settings. one having Reinforcement. Select Properties > Cast unit drawing… from drop-down menu to open the Cast unit drawing properties dialog. Up. 2. Every additional cast unit drawing of the same cast unit must have a different sheet number. 6. 3. Change the name field to COLUMN DIMENSIONS. 3. Now save these settings by pressing Save as in the main dialog. 4. Make an area select of the whole model.2. Alternatively. Enter number 2 to the Sheet number field. Enter the name Column-Dimensions in the text box next to the Save as button. Tekla Structures generates cast unit drawings of the selected beams using drawing classifier settings for reinforced beams and they appear in the drawing list with title COLUMN REINFORCEMENT. another Surface finishing (tiles etc. 5. then click Save as to save the settings. 7. All concrete columns will be selected. Select the Column-Reinforcement from saved attributes list and press Load. One including main geometry + embeddings + dimension lines. 16 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Create Additional Cast Unit Drawings You can create two or more cast unit drawings from the same cast unit. 1. Close the dialog by pressing OK.). Enter the name Column-Dimensions in the text box next to the Save as button. Back or Down commands. Set the drawing attributes First we need to define the drawing settings.

Press OK. On Appearance tab select arrow shape to be filled arrow. 3. For this create basic views of them by selecting part and right-click > Create view > Part basic views. Select a column on grid lines 1 and C intersection.Generate an additional cast unit drawing We will now create a dimensioning drawing of one column. 2. Open the cast unit drawing. We will first add running dimensions for corbel. which has running dimensions. 5. The drawing appears in the drawing list with title COLUMN DIMENSIONS. end with middle button. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings 17 . 4. Double click the Create x dimension icon to open the dialog. 6. Click the corner points of the column and the corbel. A cast unit drawing is created of the selected column. Select Drawing > Cast unit drawing from drop-down menu. Edit the additional cast unit drawing We will next edit the dimensioning drawing and add there also details for connecting parts. The drawing name has a new sheet number. 1. Select straight dimensioning to option. 2. 1.

18 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 14. Right-click > Part mark.7. 9. 12. Select the elements and press <Add frame. Add Name and Material to Elements in mark list. Next add part mark for bearing pad. 8. Remove all elements from Elements in mark list. 13. 10. Double click the part mark to open the Part mark properties dialog. 11. Select the bearing pad. Press Modify.

Double click the view border and select Part. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings 19 . Set hidden lines visible and press Modify. You need to produce several cast unit drawings of same cast unit.15. Right click at any empty space and select Place views command. 3. Close the drawing saving it. 19. In Create pulldown menu select View > From model > View. Add needed dimensions using dimensioning tools. 22. See more about cloning in Tekla Structures Help: Drawing > Getting started with drawings > Drawing reference > Drawing>Clone drawing. 2. 18. The drawings need a lot of manual editing. 20. save. The views are rearranged in the drawing. We will now add part basic views to the drawing to show the connecting structures. 21. You should consider cloning drawings when: 1. Tekla Structures generates a new view to the drawing. Steps to clone drawings: 1. 23. You can clone drawings to produce cast unit drawings of same or similar cast units. Remove unnecessary part marks from the view by selecting them and by pressing Delete button. Cloning Drawings We will next clone the additional cast unit drawing for columns on grid line F. Finalize. Select the Part end view of the pad footing. 16. 17. There are several almost similar parts or cast units in the model. and close the drawing you want to clone.

. You can have Tekla Structures to indicate the dimension points that need to be checked. 7. To remove all circles. In the Drawing cloning dialog box. you may have to adjust the drawing view size so that the dimension points are inside the view. Tekla Structures circles in red the dimensions for which it cannot find a reference point on a part.. click Edit > Remove dimension point circle > All. Create a new dimension point (Edit > Add dimension point) at the correct position and delete the existing dimension point (Edit > Remove dimension point). You can then recreate the dimensions. 20 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Cast Unit Drawings Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . in the Drawing Editor. select the drawing objects in the finalized drawing that you want to copy into the new drawing. 5. When you delete incorrect dimensions the red circles will also disappear. Always check dimensions and drawing view sizes in cloned drawings. Select the checkbox Indicate dimension points that need checking in the Drawing cloning dialog box. Click Clone selected. 3.. In order to add and remove dimension points and to remove dimension point circles. 6.2. select cast units to include in the drawing. If you want Tekla Structures to red circle the dimensions for which it cannot find a reference point on a part. To remove the red circles in cloned drawings.. select the Indicate dimension points that need checking checkbox. Select the finalized drawing on the drawing list. 4. Click Drawing > List. click Edit > Remove dimension point circle > Single circle and select the circle to remove. to open the drawing list. Click Clone. In the model. do one of the following: • • To remove one circle.

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.4 General about GA Drawings........................................................................................................................ 3 13...............................................................................................................................................................................................................21 Updating GA Drawings .......................................................3 Editing GA Drawings....................................25 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing i ....................2 13..................................1 13......................................Contents 13 GA Drawing ............3 Creating GA Drawings ..........3 13...................

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2.1 General about GA Drawings A general introduction to GA drawings and an example of creating GA drawings is presented in the Lesson 10 Principles of working with drawings. Double click in the view background and click the Filter… button in the View properties dialog.. 13.. We will also introduce tools for adding details and section views to the drawings. F.13 GA Drawing In this lesson We will look more closely at the features of general arrangement (GA) drawings in Tekla Structures. We will create GA drawings.2 Creating GA Drawings We will now create general arrangement drawings from the following Basic model 1-2 views: • • • • 3D view Elevation views from grids A. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing 3 . modify and update them. Open the 3D view. Also see the help file for more information Help: Drawing > Getting Started with Drawings > General arrangement drawings. 7 Foundation plan And add a few details to the GA drawing Adjust Model Views for GA Drawings Before we start linking model views to GA drawing we need to review the views and if necessary modify or create new model views: Modify 3d view 1. 1. 13. 4.

Filter out profiles D64*. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing . 5. Rotate the 3D view to you liking (Ctrl + middle mouse button). P18*. 175* -> click Modify.3. Rotate 3D views to your liking. 4. F. 6. 4. 7 and plan 0) are displaying the necessary information: • • • Filter unnecessary parts out. 1. Check that other model views (grid A. Restrict work area to show only the part of the model you want visible (fit work area / pick work area). Close the view. 3D view will come to GA drawing in same rotation angle as it is in the model view.

E.• Make sure that the plan and elevation views are in 2D mode. Foundation plane (view Plan 0). Highlight the connection symbols at grid intersection of A/4 at the +13400 elevation. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing 5 . We will now create detail views from two connections: 1. Elevation at grid line 4. E. Create Detail Model Views Create connection basic views We can add any existing view to a GA drawing.g.g.

Filter out concrete parts from the view.2. 3. 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Right click and select: Create view > Component Basic view. 4. Rotate the 3D view so that you get the best view of the connections.

6. You should also see this view in the Open named view list.5. 1. The view title bar is changed according to the name (Connection A/4 @ Roof level).g. 7. grid line location) Connection A/4 @ Roof level. See the online help files for more details. Setup GA Drawing Properties Set drawing properties Before we can start creating GA drawings we need to setup the drawing properties.. Select Drawing > General arrangement drawing… Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing 7 . Create a similar detail view from the connection at grid intersection B/4 at the Roof level.. Click Modify. Double click the background of the basic view and change the name of the view to (e. Help: Drawing > Getting started with Drawings > Drawing reference > General arrangement drawing.

2. Change the following attributes for the 3D GA drawing: • Change name to 3D (Name field) Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing . In the Create general arrangement drawing dialog box click Drawing properties… 3.

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing 9 . Create drawing out of 3D view 1. Click OK in each child dialog box to lock the settings.• • • • View scale to 1:100 (View… button) Turn off grid lines (Grid… button) Turn off center lines (Part… button) Turn off welds (Weld… button) 4. Select 3d view from the Create general arrangement drawing dialog. Create GA Drawing from One Model View We will create a general arrangement drawing from the 3D model view using the drawing properties set in a previous chapter. And then click OK to in the main GA drawing properties dialog to lock all the settings.

In few moments Tekla Structures opens a drawing created from the 3D view. 3. Check mark Open Drawing. Click Create. 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .2.

3. 2. In few moments Tekla Structures opens the GA drawing with the selected model views. Adjust drawing properties 1. Highlight views GRID 4 and Connection A/4 @ Roof level. Click the Drawing properties… button in the Create general arrangement drawing dialog.Create GA Drawing Using More Than One Model View Now we will create another GA drawing using more than one model view and automatically bring those views into the GA drawing. and change the following: • • Change the name to Elevation @ Grid 4 (Name field) Change drawing size to 830*287 (Layout… dialog) 2. Double click the blue border of the detail and change the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 11 . To create GA drawing using more than one model view: 1. Check mark Open drawing. In the View properties dialog box. Double click the blue border of the main view. 5. change the following: • • • Turn on the grid lines (Grid… button) Set the part marks visibility to distributed (Part mark… > General) Turn off the part marks out of the view plane (Part mark… -> General) 6. Create drawing out of Grid view and detail Click on OK for each of the dialogs to lock the settings. Select All selected views to one drawing. Click Create. 4.

2. 5. Move the view from bottom left hand corner to a better location. 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 3. Click OK. 4. Close the drawing. Open a model view at the connection at B/4 @ Roof level.• • Change the scale to 1:20 (Scale field) Change the bolt mark visibility to distributed (Bolt part… -> General) 7. 7. 6. If part or bolt mark visibility properties are set to something other than None and another view is added to drawing. Minimize the drawing. 8. Highlight the border of existing detail. all the deleted part marks will reappear. 12. Click Get on View properties dialog. Open GA drawing Elevation @ Grid 4. Maximize the drawing and the detail will have appeared at the bottom left hand corner of the drawing. Add Another Model View to Existing GA Drawing We will now create another detail for the Grid 4 drawing using the same view properties as the existing detail. Double click the Create view from model view icon to open the view properties. 9. 10. Pick the Connection B/4 @ Roof level view. Link another model view to GA drawing 1. Click Interrupt (right mouse click > Interrupt). Activate the Create view from model view command again by clicking the icon. 11.

so keep the drawing open. 3. Detail should now appear on the drawing.Create Detail from Drawing View Now we create one more detail for the Grid 4 drawing. 7. or place the view manually. 5. 1 and 4. 6. If existing drawing view is in a 3D view then picking of the area is difficult. Close the drawing. Create another detail 1. F. Change drawing properties 1. Click the Drawing properties… button in the Create general arrangement drawing dialog and change the following: • • Change the name to Elevation @ Grid (Name field) Turn on grid lines (Grid… button) Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing 13 . it is easier to create another view in the model and link that model view to a drawing as explained earlier. Select an area near the footing at grid line A as shown below. Usually. Click OK. Create Multiple GA Drawings Automatically Now we will create multiple general arrangement drawings automatically using grid views A. In View properties dialog change the scale to 1/20. Double click the Create view from view icon. Right click and select Place views. 2. 4.

3.2. Double click the background of the drawing to open drawing properties. GRID F. 3. 1. Change the name to e. Open the first drawing on the list.g. Elevation @ Grid F. 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 2. Check the view title to see which grid line it represents. Create GA drawings out of Grid views Click OK for each of the dialogs to lock the settings. 2. Highlight views GRID A. Click Create. You will get 4 GA drawings. GRID 1 and GRID 7. We still need to modify the GA drawing names. From the list box. select One drawing per view. To create multiple GA drawings out of multiple model views: 1. 4.

Click Modify and the name changes on the list. Click the Drawing properties… button on Create general arrangement drawing dialog. Repeat for the rest of the drawings. Change drawing properties 1.5. 6. Create Empty GA Drawing and Add Model Views Interactively In certain situations (multi-user for example) it is necessary to first create empty GA drawings and later link the model views interactively. By using this method each user can have GA drawings reserved for their use. and change the following: • • • • Change the name to Foundation (Name field) Change the drawing size to 830*584 (Layout… dialog) Set the part marks visibility to none (Part mark… -> General) Set the part marks out of view plane not visible(Part mark… -> General) 2. Create empty GA drawing Click the OK button for each of the dialogs to lock the settings. To create an empty GA drawing and add the model view interactively: Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing 15 .

16 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Minimize the drawing. Open the drawing. Check mark Open drawing. Double click the Create view from model view icon. Open the GA drawing creation dialog.1. 4. 3. 3. 2. Click Create. Click OK. Open the model view. 5. Link model view to drawing 1. 5. 2. Plan +0. 4. Drawing > Create general arrangement drawing. Change the scale to 1/100. Select Empty drawing from the drop down menu.

8. Right click and select Place views. TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 17 . 7. Create Detail Using Area Select We will now create detail from the footing at A/1. Pick the model view.6. Maximize the drawing and the model view has been placed on the drawing. Create detail 1. Minimize the drawing again.

6. 3. 5. 7. Double click the icon Create view from model by area. Change scale to 1/20. Maximize the drawing and the view will have been placed on the drawing. 3. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing . Right click and select Place views.2. Click OK. Pick area around the footing at grid intersection A/1. 2. Create section view 1. 18 Change scale to 1/20 in the view properties dialog. Click OK. Double click the icon Create section view. Create Section View Out of the Detail Now we will create section view from the footing detail that we created earlier. 4.

Then with points 3 and 4 you will show the depth and width of the section view. 2. Pick the section view area as shown below: • • With points 1 and 2 you will show the location and direction of the cut line. so a pick box which is big enough that all of the necessary parts fit inside. The section view height is same as model height.4. Change the height by changing the y max: value from 13400 to 500. 1. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing 19 . Double click the section view blue border. The section view and cut symbols will appear.

20 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .3. Click Modify. Left click the background of the drawing once and then right click and select Place views. 4.

Go to Create > Dimension > Grid. 9. You can pick and move dimension lines anywhere you want them. Interactive Dimensioning For more information about the different dimensioning tools. Grid dimensions will appear. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing 21 . 7. Automatic Grid Dimensions Grids can be dimensioned with just couple of clicks: Dimension grids 5. Pick the main drawing view. see: Help: Drawing > Dimensioning > Manual dimensioning.13. 6.3 Editing GA Drawings Next we will do some editing to the GA drawings. Open the Foundation GA drawing. Most of the editing is done exactly like it is done in other types of drawings see: Help: Drawing > Editing Drawings. 8.

Semi-automatic GA Dimensioning See the online help file for more information about setting up dimensioning properties Help: Drawings > Dimensioning > Dimension reference > Setup > GA dimensioning. Select the silos. 2. 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 4. From the menu select Setup > GA dimensioning… Set the properties as shown below: 3. Dimension Silos 1. Right click and select Dimension Parts XY.

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing 23 . Highlight the parts in anchor bolt detail. In same fashion we can also dimension the anchor bolts: Dimension anchor bolt detail 1. Dimension lines from the silos to grid lines should appear.5. Right click and select Dimension Parts XY. 2.

4. Right click and select Dimension Parts XY. Highlight just the anchor bolts and the footing. Creating a Level Mark Level mark can be inserted at any picked point in the drawings and it will automatically give you the elevation of that point. Close the drawing. 6. 5. 2. Click the Create level mark icon. Create level mark 1. check mark Hidden lines: to on and click Modify. Right click and use the Near snap override pick a point at the top of the foundation.And in the section view: Dimension anchor bolt cut view 3. Double click the blue border to open the view properties. 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 7. Click the Part… button.

You need to update these by pressing the Update marks button in the drawing list before opening the drawing. 13. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING GA Drawing 25 . 4. Free pick another point to set the direction of the level mark.4 Updating GA Drawings GA drawings are automatically updated when you make changes to the model. However. GA drawing marks are not automatically updated. The level mark will appear at the selected location.3.

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6 Updating and revisions ...........................Contents 14 Multi-drawing and Multinumbering.............................15 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering i ....................13 Multinumbering tutorial ...3 Creating Multi-drawings ..3 14.......................................................................2 14.4 Multi-drawings and Multinumbering in General...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3 14..................1 14...............................

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Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering 3 . and then each assembly can have its own Bill of Material. We will also touch on the updating of multi-drawings and revision control.14 Multi-drawing and Multinumbering In this chapter We will learn about the creation and use of multi-drawings and explain the principles of multinumbering. 14.1 Multi-drawings and Multinumbering in General Multi-drawings are used to gather assembly and/or single part drawings onto a single sheet. Some assemblies might need a larger (A1 or 24X36) sheet. but others might require less space (A3 or 17X11). • Assembly or single part drawings can be also linked to multi-drawing with layout. When using multi-drawings you can link as many assemblies as will fit on one larger sheet. below are some examples: • You want all the assemblies on same size drawing sheet.

you can use multinumbering. The only way to achieve this is to link the assembly and/or single part drawings to a multi-drawing.• You want all of the single part drawings of plates with the same thickness gathered onto one sheet. • If you need to have the sheet number included as part of the assembly and/or part mark. 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .

To get information on common drawing properties see: Help: Drawing properties > Common drawing properties Options for Creating Multi-Drawing You can link or copy assembly/single part drawing views with or without layout to the multidrawing. 2. Everything is done automatically but with specific settings for different types of parts. Just select all the drawings you want. This option is a little bit laborious but you can optimize the use of paper. Tekla Structures will link as many assembly/single part drawings to one sheet as will fit and then create another multidrawing and continue the linking procedure. where as with link the connection to original is kept. 1. For more information.g. Name: 101 -> Assembly mark 101B1. The drawing Wizard can be also be used. This is an easy way of creating gather sheets. This option isn't recommended because you can't use specific settings for different types of parts. The name field will be shown on the drawing list. Multinumbering Setup In a case where your fabricator wants multinumbers for assemblies and/or parts those drawings need to be linked to multi-drawings.Multi-drawing Properties Name: can be used to define the content of the drawing. It is also possible with one command to create assembly or single part drawings and then multi-drawings from these drawings. You can create empty multi-drawings and then link or copy assembly or single part drawings interactively. The difference between link and copy is that with copy the connection to original drawing is broken. For multinumbering the Name: field will correspond as the multi-drawing number and depending on the multinumber setup it will be added to assembly and/or part mark e. Multinumbers are assigned according to the batch file settings. the procedure is a mix of options 2 and 3. 3. see: Help: Drawings > Multi-drawings > Properties. The following lines in the batch file affect numbering: Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering 5 . 4. You can create multi-drawings automatically from selected assembly or single part drawings.

101BC. pb101. This will cause the loss of all drawings which have a multinumber assigned. 101b. 101CA. assemblies: A101. 14. … 101a1. … 101B1. 101pa. 101a2.g. ab101. aa101. 3a101. Help: System > Files and Folders > Startup batch file Don't change the numbering setup after linking assembly or single part drawings to multi-drawings. 101pb. … See end of the document for more details and setup instructions. Click the attached link for a Batch file tutorial. 1a101. 1B101. If you work for many fabricators and you need to define different numbering setups for each one you can create multiple batch files.g. 101p1. 101ac. 101B2. 101c. 101ab. You can review training lesson 11 for more information about creating assembly and single part drawings.rem rem rem rem rem rem rem rem rem rem rem rem rem rem set set set set set set set set set set set set set set XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR= XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_NUMBERS= XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_PART_MULTI_NUMBERS= XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_CHARACTERS= XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_PART_MULTI_CHARACTERS= XS_ALLOW_DRAWING_TO_MANY_MULTI_DRAWINGS= XS_SWITCH_POS_NUMBERS_FOR= XS_PART_MULTI_NUMBER_FORMAT_STRING= XS_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_NUMBER_FORMAT_STRING= Using these variables we can get following types of multinumbers: E. 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . If you need multinumbers you need to edit batch file and restart Tekla Structures. 2p101. … E. BC101. b101. you need to remember to include the single part views in the assembly drawings. … 101a. 2a101. 101C. Also if you want multinumbers applied to secondary parts. 101CB. We will use assembly and single part drawings created in lesson 11.2 Creating Multi-drawings We will create multi-drawings using methods 1 and 2 described under Options for creating multi-drawings. c101. AB101. 101aa. … … … CC101. 101BB. 1p101. 101C1. AC101. pa101. 101B3. 101B. 2C101. 3B101. 101BA. BB101. … … … pc101. 101C2. … 101A. CB101. 101a3. C101. parts: a101. 1C101. 2B101. ac101. B101. 101p2.

Highlight the first 5 beam assembly drawings. Create an empty multi-drawing (Drawing > Multi-drawing > Multi-drawing). 2. 3. The multidrawing is just intended for use as a gathering sheet. Link assembly drawings to multidrawings 1. [1]. Open the multi-drawing. Create Empty Multi-drawings and Link Assembly Drawings Manually Create empty multi drawing 1. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering 7 . Set multi-drawing properties (Properties > Multi-drawing…). Title 101. 3. 2. Hold the cursor over the highlighted drawings right-click and select Link drawing views. You should be able to see that there is new drawing on the list M. Load TEKLA_multi setting from the top of the dialog.All the necessary editing should be done in the assembly or single part drawings. Lock the setting and close dialog by clicking OK.

one on top of the other. right click and select Place views.In the multi-drawing. To arrange assemblies on the multidrawing. 101B2 etc. according to your numbering setup e. you will see the 5 drawings being linked to the multi-drawing. If you are using multinumbering you can see the assembly marks changing on the drawing list. • • • To arrange the assemblies interactively: Select outer blue border around an assembly Left pick the border Drag the assembly to the desired location Your multi-drawing should look something like the one shown below (obviously different assembly drawing settings affect the appearance).g.101B1. 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Place views on multi-drawing 1. 2.

Highlight the next assembly on the drawing list and repeat the linking procedure. multinumbering is undone at the same time. As long as the drawing has been open all the time you can unlink the assemblies by using undo. After linking arrange the assemblies on the sheet again. Click undo twice to undo the linking of one assembly. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering 9 . The Bill of Material (top right hand corner) will be expanded and interfere with the beam view when drawing is re-opened. We need to remove 1 assembly from the sheet. 2. 2. 1. Click the undo button until the automatic and interactive arranging has been undone.Add more assemblies to multi-drawing 1. Remove the extra assemblies from the multi-drawing It seems that we can't fit all 6 drawings on one sheet.

The bill of material is always updated when the drawing is opened. 2. The assembly view title e. The only way to get rid of the multinumber afterwards is to clear the numbering from selected parts (Tools -> Numbering).g. 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Highlight drawing on the drawing list and click Open. Once you close and save the drawing the undo log is cleared and the multinumber is set for those parts. 1.Re-open drawing After you have arranged a suitable number of assemblies on the sheet. you should close and then re-open the drawing. Click the Save button. 1 ~ BEAM ~Marked 101B1 can be changed in the batch file: set XS_ASSEMBLY_DRAWING_VIEW_TITLE= Take a look at the Tekla Structure help file for more information.

Arrange the assemblies. Close and re-open the drawing to update the Bill of Material. 1. If necessary load TEKLA_multi. 4. Right click at the top of the selected drawings and select: Drawing > Multi-drawing > Selected drawings. Highlight the Column drawings from the drawing list. Note that the drawing name is automatically changed e.Create multidrawing for the rest of the beam drawings Repeat the procedure for the rest of the beam assembly drawings. Link the assemblies to the multi-drawing. Automatic Multi-drawing Creation from Selected Drawings Create multidrawings out of the column drawings 1. 101 > 102. Create a new empty multi-drawing (Drawing > Multi-drawing > Multi-drawing). 2. 5. multi-drawing properties (Properties -> Multidrawing…). 6. 2. Once the first sheet is full. 3. 3.g. Select the rest of the beam assembly drawings. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering 11 . You should be able to see that Tekla Structures creates a new multi-drawing and then starts linking the assembly drawings to it. it creates a new multidrawing and starts the linking procedure again until all of the selected assemblies are linked to multi-drawings. Open the drawing.

103C1. The multinumber is assigned only once. so if you assigned the multinumber during the linking of assembly drawings then the number should not be changed again. Right click at the top of the selected drawings and select: Drawing > Multi-drawing > Selected drawings. Create multidrawings out of the single part plate drawings Highlight the Plate drawings in the drawing list. 1. 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .At the same time you can see the assembly marks changing on the drawing list according to your numbering setup e. 103C2… 104C1 etc. 1. The number of multi-drawings needed depends on size of the assembly drawings. Right click at the top of selected drawings and select: Drawing > Multi-drawing > Selected drawings.g. Create multidrawings out of the bracing drawings Highlight the Brace drawings in the drawing list. After the linking procedure is finished you can open the multi-drawings.

The assembly drawing must then be re-linked to the multi-drawing for the new clip angles to get multinumber. If multinumbering is used modifications that affect numbering might also require re-linking of the assembly drawing. then it will also require the multi-drawing to be updated. Updating Multi-drawing Changes to an assembly drawing are not automatically updated in the multi-drawing. In the case where an assembly or single part mark changes so that a new drawing is cloned or needs to be created. which requires an assembly drawing to be updated. Any saved modification to an assembly drawing requires the multi-drawing to be updated. the new drawing also needs to be linked to a multi-drawing. Modifying an assembly drawing Add a typical weld mark to an assembly drawing: Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering 13 .8 Principles of drawings But because of the linking procedure and multinumbers there are a few issues that need a closer look. For example. if clip angles change so that they get a completely new number the assembly drawing needs to be deleted from multi-drawing.3 Updating and revisions For the most part updating and revision control is similar to that done in other drawings.14. This also means that if something changes in the model. so for more information take a look: Help: Drawing > Getting started with drawings > Defining drawing revisions Lesson 10.

Add a revision mark. To add a revision mark: 1. Open the multi-drawing and you should now see the weld mark in the multi-drawing. You now need to update the multi-drawing. Highlight the drawing on the list. Click the Revision… button. 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 3. 2. date and text to the dialog.Close and save the drawing. You can see that drawing was marked on the list as having revision A. 4. Update multidrawing You should see that there is "D" flag in front of the multi-drawing. Click Create. Highlight the drawing and click Update. This means that assembly or single part drawing that has been linked to the multi-drawings has been changed. Revision Control Create revision If you are sending multi-drawings to your clients then obviously you will need to add a revision mark to the multi-drawing.

4 Multinumbering tutorial The numbering section of the batch file is shown below for reference. Several drawings can share the same revision mark. You should see that the revision has also been added to you revision block. date. By default. For more information. revision numbers are shown. To attach the same revision information to several drawings simultaneously. You can choose whether Tekla Structures shows the revision numbers or the revision marks in the drawing list. Numbering Section of Batch File rem *** Numbering ----------------------------------------------rem Use standard numbering prefix in multi numbering rem for NONE or ASSEMBLIES or PARTS or ASSEMBLIES_AND_PARTS rem WARNING!!! DO NOT CHANGE THIS SWITCH DURING A PROJECT!!! rem set XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=NONE rem rem rem rem rem rem rem rem rem rem rem rem set set set set XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=ASSEMBLIES_AND_PARTS XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR=NONE XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR=NONE XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR=MAIN_PART Use assembly position as part position for LOOSE_PART or MAIN_PART XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR=NONE XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_NUMBERS=ABCDFGHJKMNPRSTVWX XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_PART_MULTI_NUMBERS=abcdfghjkmnprstvwx XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_CHARACTERS=3 XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_PART_MULTI_CHARACTERS=3 XS_ALLOW_DRAWING_TO_MANY_MULTI_DRAWINGS=1 XS_SWITCH_POS_NUMBERS_FOR=PARTS set set set set set set set Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering 15 . 14. select multiple drawings from the drawing list. and information. see the following links: Help: Drawing > Getting started with drawings > Defining drawing revisions Help: System > Files and folders > Startup batch file. The following is an explanation of what each line in the batch file controls and following that is a group of settings that will give you the desired part marks.Open the drawing.

2C10. we can achieve an assembly mark of something like: 10B1 10B2 10B3 If we have it set also to PARTS. if it is set and equal to ASSEMBLIES. ASSEMBLIES. XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= The environment variable XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR can be set to NONE. a column with that main part having an Assembly prefix C. With this variable set to NONE. ASSEMBLIES. 3B10 16 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . PARTS or ASSEMBLIES_AND_PARTS. defining whether the multinumbering will affect assemblies. PARTS or ASSEMBLIES_AND_PARTS. For multinumbers to be assigned to parts. The four options are NONE. multinumbering is used. when attached to a multi-drawing would get a mark of A10 B10 C10 If this variable is set to ASSEMBLIES. CB10 1C10. we can achieve a part mark of something like: 10a1 10a2 10a3 Where 10 is the drawing number a is the Part prefix and 1 designates that it is the first part on the sheet.rem set XS_PART_MULTI_NUMBER_FORMAT_STRING= rem set XS_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_NUMBER_FORMAT_STRING= Description of Batch File Lines XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= When part and assembly numbering is based on drawing numbers. the single part views need to be turned on in the assembly drawing when the assembly drawing is linked to the multi-drawing. ASSEMBLIES. For example. this same column would get a mark of AC10 BC10 CC10 XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= Whether the part and assembly number prefixes influence the numbering of parts and assemblies in a multi-drawing can be defined with this environment variable. if this variable is set to none. For three parts on the same sheet. PARTS and ASSEMBLIES_AND_PARTS. defining whether the model prefix will affect the type of mark assemblies. BC10. For example. parts or both get. two having an Assembly prefix of C and another one having a prefix of B. we would get the following marks: AC10. The environment variable XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR can be set to NONE. parts or both.

ABC10. For example. ACC10… XS_ALLOW_DRAWING_TO_MANY_MULTI_DRAWINGS= Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering 17 . 1B10 XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= By setting the environment variable XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS to ASSEMBLIES. XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= The order of the multi-drawing number and part or assembly number in the multinumber can be set with the environment variable XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR. BC10. Options are MAIN_PART or LOOSE_PART. then numeric multinumbers are used for assemblies. Assembly marks will be made AC10. 2C10.With this variable set to ASSEMBLIES. then AC10. if the line is set equal to ASSEMBLIES. 10CB. By default this number is two. respectively. PARTS and ASSEMBLIES_AND_PARTS. 10BC. parts or assemblies and parts. A -> 1 B -> 2 C -> 3 XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR= Note that each piece of an assembly has its own individual mark as well as the assembly mark that it is attached to. BC10. this line specifies the minimum amount of characters to use when assigning an assembly mark. XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_NUMBERS= This line defines the valid characters available for use when designating assembly marks. 2C10. This essentially means that the Part Number series in the part dialog box will be ignored. ABC10… and so on. BC10… XC10 then AAC10. Main part and loose parts (secondary parts of the assembly) that make up an assembly can however take the assembly mark if this variable is set appropriately. If the line XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= is set equal to ASSEMBLIES. which would produce marks like those above. As seen above the marks AC10. CB10 would become: 10AC. AB10 1C10. The four options are: NONE. then this line is ignored. BC10. Make certain to exclude any characters you wish to not use. we would get the following marks: AC10. 3B10. If set to 2 then the same assemblies would receive marks like: AAC10. ASSEMBLIES. CB10 would become 1C10. XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_CHARACTERS= If not using numeric multinumbers. PARTS or ASSEMBLIES_AND_PARTS.

The options are NONE. B501 Care must be taken not to overlap numbers if this method is used (e. C2. The user can determine different prefixes for different parts if required – i. Settings for Assembly Numbers Standard marks for assemblies when not using multi-drawings and multinumbering. 1B(101). Changing the order of the multinumber content is easily done by switching order of elements with following batch file variables: rem set XS_PART_MULTI_NUMBER_FORMAT_STRING= %%PART_PREFIX%% %%PART_MULTI_DRAWING_POS%% %%PART_MULTI_DRAWING_NUMBER%% rem set XS_PART_MULTI_NUMBER_FORMAT_STRING= %%ASSEMBLY_PREFIX%% %%ASSEMBLY_MULTI_DRAWING_POS%% %%ASSEMBLY_MULTI_DRAWING_NUMBER%% Note that anything which is outside %% will always be output. C1… Set up the following Environment Variables: set XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=ASSEMBLIES TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 18 . a certain drawing can only be included in one multi-drawing. Using Prefixes and start numbers for a range of types: B1.g. By default. B2. ASSEMBLIES_AND_PARTS. C3. Set up the Prefix and Start number in part dialog box: Using Multi-Drawings and Enabling the Use of Multinumbers Assembly Marks – A1. This setting is only available for use with assembly drawings.e. so you can include for instance parentheses to the mark e. B3… C1. B2. 521 beams in the series B1 would overlap with beams in series B501! – Tekla Structure does warn the user if this happens).g. Different start numbers enable an alternative way of phasing – i. C for column. B1. Beams using prefix B and start number 1 will continue as B1. PARTS. XS_SWITCH_POS_NUMBERS_FOR= This variable swaps the prefix defined in the Tekla Structure assembly and/or part mark to become a suffix (A1 > 1A). B3 etc. If any value is defined for this environment variable it is possible to include the same drawings more than one multi-drawing.This environment variable is used for defining whether the drawings already included in a multi-drawing are also to be included in a new multi-drawing that is being created.e. ASSEMBLIES.

1C101. 1C… Set up the following Environment Variables: set set set set set rem rem set XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=ASSEMBLIES XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=NONE XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR=NONE XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR=NONE XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= ASSEMBLIES set XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_NUMBERS=ABCDFGHJKMNPRSTVWX set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_CHARACTERS=3 XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR=MAIN_PART Assembly Marks – 101B1. 101B2. 2B101. 101C2… Set up the following Environment Variables: set set set set set rem rem set XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=ASSEMBLIES XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= ASSEMBLIES set XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_NUMBERS=ABCDFGHJKMNPRSTVWX set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_CHARACTERS=3 XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR=MAIN_PART Assembly Marks – 1B101. 101B3.set set set set rem rem set XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=NONE XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR=NONE XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR=NONE XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR=NONE set XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_NUMBERS=ABCDFGHJKMNPRSTVWX set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_CHARACTERS=3 XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR=MAIN_PART Assembly Marks – 1A. 5C101… Set up the following Environment Variables: set set set set set rem rem set XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=ASSEMBLIES XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= NONE XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= NONE set XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_NUMBERS=ABCDFGHJKMNPRSTVWX set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_CHARACTERS=3 XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR=MAIN_PART Assembly Marks – 1B101. 101C1. 3B101. 101B3. 101B2. 101C4. 4C101. 3B101. 1B. 2B101. 101C5… Set up the following Environment Variables: set set set set set rem rem set XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=ASSEMBLIES XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=NONE XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= ASSEMBLIES set XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_NUMBERS=ABCDFGHJKMNPRSTVWX set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_CHARACTERS=3 XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR=MAIN_PART Assembly Marks – 101B1. 2C101… Set up the following Environment Variables set set set set set rem XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=ASSEMBLIES XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= NONE set XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_NUMBERS=ABCDFGHJKMNPRSTVWX TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 19 .

e. 101B2. p501 Care must be taken not to overlap numbers if this method is used (521 beams in the series p1 would overlap with beams in series p501! – Tekla Structure does warn the user if this happens). a for angle. FC101… Set up the following Environment Variables: set set set set set set rem set XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=ASSEMBLIES XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= NONE XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= NONE XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= NONE XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_NUMBERS=ABCDFGHJKMNPRSTVWX set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_CHARACTERS=2 XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR=MAIN_PART Settings for Secondary Part Numbers Standard marks on secondary parts when not using multi-drawings and multinumbering. DC101. 101BC. CB101. BC101… Set up the following Environment Variables: set set set set set set rem set XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=ASSEMBLIES XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= NONE XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= NONE XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_NUMBERS=ABCDFGHJKMNPRSTVWX set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_CHARACTERS=2 XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR=MAIN_PART Assembly Marks – AB101. will continue as p1. a2. BB101. AC101. p1.e. p2. Using Prefixes and start numbers for a range of types: a1. 101CB… Set up the following Environment Variables: set set set set set set rem set XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=ASSEMBLIES XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= NONE XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_NUMBERS=ABCDFGHJKMNPRSTVWX set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_CHARACTERS=2 XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR=MAIN_PART Assembly Marks – AB101. The user can determine different prefixes for different parts if required.rem set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_CHARACTERS=3 set XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR=MAIN_PART Assembly Marks – 101BA. Different start numbers enable an alternative way of phasing – i. Set up Prefix and Start numbers in the part properties dialog box: 20 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 101CD. i. a3…. BB101. p2. CB101. p3. 101CA. p3… Plates using prefix p and start number 1. 101B2. 101BC. 101CF… Set up the following Environment Variables: set set set set set set rem set XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=ASSEMBLIES XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=NONE XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= NONE XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= ASSEMBLIES XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_NUMBERS=ABCDFGHJKMNPRSTVWX set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_ASSEMBLY_MULTI_CHARACTERS=2 XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR=MAIN_PART Assembly Marks – 101BA. etc.

Those lines shown as set =NONE maybe likewise effected by the Assembly marks. the following batch file lines are shown as set =PARTS. Part Marks – a1. b1. Depending on the format of the Assembly marks these lines may need to be set to ASSEMBLIES_AND_PARTS (see above). for multinumbers to be assigned to parts. c1… Set up the following Environment Variables: set XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=PARTS set XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=NONE set XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR=NONE set XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR=NONE set XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR=NONE rem set XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_PART_MULTI_NUMBERS= abcdfghjkmnprstvwx rem set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_PART_MULTI_CHARACTERS=3 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering 21 . Remember. the single part views need to be turned on in the assembly drawing when the assembly drawing is linked to the multi-drawing.Set up the Prefix and Start number in a typical joint dialog box Parts page: The Prefix and Start number will be taken from the Options dialog when connection dialog fields are left empty (Setup > Options…). Because this part of this document is referring to secondary part marks.

101p2… Set up the following Environment Variables: set set set set set rem rem XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= PARTS XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= PARTS XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR=PARTS XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= PARTS XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= PARTS set XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_PART_MULTI_NUMBERS= abcdfghjkmnprstvwx set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_PART_MULTI_CHARACTERS=3 Part Marks – 1a101. 101pf… Set up the following Environment Variables: set set set set set set XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= PARTS XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=NONE XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= NONE XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= PARTS XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= PARTS XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_PART_MULTI_NUMBERS= abcdfghjkmnprstvwx 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 101pd. 101p5… Set up the following Environment Variables: set set set set set rem rem XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=PARTS XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=NONE XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR=PARTS XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= PARTS XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= PARTS set XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_PART_MULTI_NUMBERS= abcdfghjkmnprstvwx set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_PART_MULTI_CHARACTERS=3 Part Marks – 101a1. 101a3. 101p1. 4p101. 1b. 101a3. 101a2. 101ab. 1c… Set up the following Environment Variables: set set set set set rem rem XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=PARTS XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=NONE XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR=NONE XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR=NONE XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= PARTS set XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_PART_MULTI_NUMBERS= abcdfghjkmnprstvwx set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_PART_MULTI_CHARACTERS=3 Part Marks – 101a1. 101ac. 2p101… Set up the following Environment Variables: set set set set set rem rem XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= PARTS XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= PARTS XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= PARTS XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= PARTS XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= NONE set XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_PART_MULTI_NUMBERS= abcdfghjkmnprstvwx set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_PART_MULTI_CHARACTERS=3 Part Marks – 101aa. 3a101.Part Marks – 1a. 2a101. 101a2. 101p4. 2a101. 1p101. 5p101… Set up the following Environment Variables: set set set set set rem rem XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= PARTS XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= NONE XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= PARTS XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= PARTS XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= NONE set XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_PART_MULTI_NUMBERS= abcdfghjkmnprstvwx set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_PART_MULTI_CHARACTERS=3 Part Marks – 1a101. 3a101.

Also. f… Set up the following Environment Variables: set XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR=PARTS set XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_PART_MULTI_NUMBERS=abcdfghjkmnprstvwx => To achieve strictly alpha characters the following steps must be followed. Next. ca101. 101ab. 3… Create or load multi-drawing properties that specify an extremely large sheet so that it would be impossible to create enough single parts drawings to run out of room to place them on the multi-drawing. pf101… Set up the following Environment Variables: set set set set set set rem XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= PARTS XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= NONE XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= NONE XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= PARTS XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= NONE XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_PART_MULTI_NUMBERS= abcdfghjkmnprstvwx set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_PART_MULTI_CHARACTERS=2 Part Marks – aa. bp101… Set up the following Environment Variables: set set set set set set rem XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= PARTS XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= PARTS XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= NONE XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= PARTS XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= NONE XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_PART_MULTI_NUMBERS= abcdfghjkmnprstvwx set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_PART_MULTI_CHARACTERS=2 Part Marks – aa101. This will produce part marks that are strictly numeric. 2. i. 101pa. 1. The part prefix needs to be blank and the start number needs to be 1. This can only be accomplished by placing a space in the NAME field. This also applies when using the system joints.rem set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_PART_MULTI_CHARACTERS=2 Part Marks – 101aa. pb… Set up the following Environment Variables: set XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= PARTS set XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= PARTS Part Marks – a.e. pa. c. Make certain the field under the label Pos is blank and the field under No is 1. pd101. d. ap101. VERY IMPORTANT! The NAME of the drawing must be blank. ba101. ac. 101ac. When entering secondary parts into the model. ca101. ba101. select all of your secondary parts and create a multi-drawing of the selected parts with single part drawings. b. 101pb… Set up the following Environment Variables: set set set set set set rem XS_USE_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= PARTS XS_MODEL_PREFIX_INFLUENCES_MULTI_NUMBERING_FOR= PARTS XS_USE_NUMERIC_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= NONE XS_USE_MODEL_PREFIX_IN_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= PARTS XS_SWITCH_MULTI_NUMBERS_FOR= PARTS XS_VALID_CHARS_FOR_PART_MULTI_NUMBERS= abcdfghjkmnprstvwx set XS_MIN_NUMBER_OF_PART_MULTI_CHARACTERS=2 Part Marks – aa101. From the pull-down menu: Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering 23 . ab.

Note that if more than one multi-drawing is created (because there is not enough room on the multi-drawing to place any more parts) the next drawing will get 1 for a name and then the parts will have marks 1a. c. 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Multi-drawing and Multinumbering Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . 1c… If more secondary parts are added after the original multi-drawing is made single part drawings of those pieces need to be made and then they need to be linked to the original multi-drawing that has no name.As the single part drawings are linked to the multi-drawing the part marks change from 1. 1b. b. 2. 3 to a.

2004 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .Tekla Structures Basic Training Tekla Structures 10.0 April 26.

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...........................................1 15..6 Export Reference Model of Tekla Structures Model .......2 15.....................................11 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Collaboration i ..............................................6 15............................8 Publish Model as a Web Page...................................................................................................................................................... 3 15...........................7 Import of Reference Models ..........................................................3 Defining Visibility and User Attributes ............................................................................5 15............................................Contents 15 Collaboration ...........5 Handling Reference Models ...................................................4 Snapping and Picking to Reference Models .....................................................4 15...10 Multiuser Mode .............................................................................................................................3 15...........

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Reference models can be dxf. PDS. Double click the Create reference object icon.dwg) under ReferenceModels folder. 2. made by process industry systems. 3. Magicad. Then we train what kind of possibilities you have when working with reference models. 4. air-conditioning) and Process Industry (pipes. It is important to see those pipes and equipments to be able to model steel or concrete structure around them avoiding collisions.1 Import of Reference Models See Help: Reference models->using one model. ventilation. pipes. PDMS etc. TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Collaboration Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 3 . 15.g. programs. Reference models can be created by using e. Autocad. equipments etc. Reference models are usually models from other systems – e.g. Create DWG reference object 1. Pick position to global origin. dwg or dgn format.15 Collaboration In this chapter This chapter introduces the principles of working with reference models in Tekla Structures. Browse first reference file (HVAC_air_RefModel. Cadmatic. Click OK. We will first import some HVAC (heating. equipments) dwg files. Also Tekla Structures use in multiuser mode is explained.

Double click to HVAC_air_RefModel. 4.2 Defining Visibility and User Attributes It is possible to define visibility and user defined attributes in reference model dialog.It is good to have a separate view where to pick origin point and in other view you can see the appearing reference model. 2. 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Collaboration Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Start command File->Reference objects… Reference object dialog appears. It can be optimized e. Add info text Water pipes + equipments to description field of user attributes dialog (Reference (1) dialog). Press User defined attributes… button. Reference object properties dialog appears. 15. User attribute dialog appears. 3. Edit the description of reference file 1. Import also other reference models under folder ReferenceModels in the same way. It can take some CPU time when importing large reference models. by defining number of segments used in reference pipes.g.dwg reference file. See Help: Reference models->Handling large reference models.

Create a free measure to check available space Check the distance from edge of lavatory pipe to edge of I-beam. Note: Select objects in components has to be on. User attribute fields in dialog can be defined in objects. 1.inp file. Switch also Snap to perpendicular points to on.g. TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Collaboration Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation 5 . 3. You can rotate view to make picking correct point easier.5. Select HVAC reference file rows in reference object dialog while pressing Shift button. Start Create free measure command. Visibility can be defined for many reference models even at same time. 15. Description field will be filled in Reference object dialog.3 Snapping and Picking to Reference Models Tekla Structures recognizes reference models in snapping. construction line to reference model or checking distances of reference model. 2. 1. Change visibility option to Invisible. 3. You can notice this by creating e. Note that Snap to geometry lines / points has to be on. Pick first point to edge of pipe of toilet. 2. See Help: Reference models->Using several reference models. Select hollow core slab near to toilet and choose from pop up menu Hide command. Change the visibility of reference file Press Modify button. Change visibility option back to Visible.

5. Switching Xsnap off increases picking speed. Pick second point to edge of I-beam. For example defining work area correct you can get only reference models visible you need. 15. Change the phase number of HVAC reference models Phase numbers effect also to reference models and it is a good way in filtering. DGN-format reference models are also clipped if environment XS_REFERENCE_USE_RENDERED_CLIPPING is defined. Add comments HVAC water and HVAC air to new phase lines.4 Handling Reference Models Only reference models which are inside work area will be visible.4. 2. 1. Use perpendicular point. Press Add button 2 times to get 2 more phase number rows. Select command Properties->Phase number… to get Phase manager dialog visible. See Help: Reference models->Handling large reference models. 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Collaboration Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Result of distance can be seen on left bottom corner. Distance in x-coordinate direction is 289 mm which is ok. 3.

Select HVAC_water reference file and press Modify phase button. 6. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Collaboration 7 . 8.4. 5. Press Modify button and HVAC* reference files will be filtered out from view. Add new phase numbers to Phase number field and put Not option on. Double click to view to get View properties dialog and press Filter… button. In View setup dialog box (Properties -> View… -> Display…) you can define if you want to see reference models. Select HVAC_air reference file and press Modify phase button. 7.

8 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Collaboration Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .Cadmatic) by using 3D dgn. whole model).g. Export model in 3D dgn format 1.g. Select desired parts (e.dgn) will be created to model folder.g. 3D dxf or other formats.5 Export Reference Model of Tekla Structures Model Tekla Structures model can be exported to other systems (e. process model of pipes. Start command File->Export->3d DGN. 2.15. In this example you will create a 3D dgn reference model and still import it back to model. This is needed to ensure structural model fits to e. PDMS. Output file (Model. equipments etc. PDS.

Create a DGN reference model of existing structural model for checking purpose Work in the same way as earlier.dgn). Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Collaboration 9 . defining another view and displaying only reference models. Double click the Create reference object icon. Click OK. 4. 3.g. Browse the reference file (Model. 1. Pick position to global origin. 2. You can check situation e.

This is easy and effective way to show e. Start command File->Publish as Web page… Press Publish button. current status of model.6 Publish Model as a Web Page Tekla Structures model can be published as a web page. 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Collaboration Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation . Publish model as a web page 1.15. Then other persons can watch the model using Internet Explorer (so Tekla Structures is not needed). 2.g.

See Help: Tekla WebViewer.7 Multiuser Mode In multiuser mode several persons can work in a same model at same time. rotate model etc. In the Tekla Web Viewer model you can pan. Using multiuser mode is an easy and efficient way to handle projects but it needs some settings and it is recommendable to read Tekla Structures Online help pages. Example of multiuser modeling you can find in: Help: 2.Separate Tekla Web Viewer window appears. fly. In big models it is often necessary. See Help: Tekla WebViewer -> How to move and zoom ? 15.2. See Help: Multiuser mode. See also Help: Guidelines for multiuser drawings. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Collaboration 11 . Modeling in multiuser mode-> working with a master model.

2004 Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation .Tekla Structures Basic Training Tekla Structures 10.0 March 30.

...............................................................17 17.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 17.............3 Create Analysis Model............20 ...............................................................Contents 17 Analysis and Design ...............................1 Analysis Model ...............2 Restraints ................................ 1 17....

We will learn how to create and manage loads and load groups. how to make load combinations and create analysis model. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 1 . and view the analysis results in STAADpro2003 program and in Tekla Structures.17 Analysis and Design In this lesson This lesson describes the basic functions of Analysis and Design. We will also learn how to optimize the steel profiles using the analysis results.

but a load group may have only one load on it. See more in Tekla Structures help: Analysis > Analysis and design > Load combination After these steps.17. you can run the analysis. Loads in a load group can be of any load type (point. 1. Define Restraints for each member in the model by creating supports and defining member connectivity to intermediate nodes. You can group loads that are caused by the same action. etc. and you can include as many loads as you want in a load group. One load cannot be attached to several load groups. Push Add… button in the Load group properties dialog box to create a new load group… Define load groups Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 2 . select Loads > Load groups on the Properties pull-down menu. See more in Tekla Structures help: Analysis > Loads > Grouping loads 2. line and area loads to model. See more in Tekla Structures help: Analysis > Analysis and design > Following through structural analysis 5.). line. Define Load combinations. To define load groups. See more in Tekla Structures help: Analysis > Loads > Distributing loads 3. Apply point. area. Create Load Groups and Define Loads A load group is a set of loads that are treated alike in the load combination. modify and delete existing load groups. and define the load group type and direction. Analysis model build-up can be divided into 5 steps: 1. This implies that the loads in a group have the common partial safety factors and the same action direction. See more in Tekla Structures help: Modeling > Parts > Member end conditions 4. In the appearing Load group properties dialog box you can add new load groups. name load groups. They also act always at the same time and all together. Select members and create a new analysis model.1 Analysis Model In this exercise we will build an analysis model and run the analysis. Create load groups and define loads. Every load has to belong to a load group.

Change load group name to Snow. 5. Change load direction to X. Change load group type to Wind load 15. which can be used in filtering and for expressing 3. 8. Change load direction to X. 16. Push Add… to create another new load group. Every load group must have a unique name. 6. 17. 19. Change load group name to Live2. and thereby also load group types. Push Add… to create another new load group. Change load group name to Wind right. 4. Push Add… to create another new load group. Change load color by picking new color from pull-down list. 7. 2. 11. 14. Load group type can remain as Live load / housing and direction can remain as Z. 12. 9.…a new load group named "Group name1" appears. Push Add… to create another new load group. The direction of a load group is the global direction of the action that causes the loads. The type of a load group is the type of the action that causes the loads in the load group. Change load group type to Wind load 10. direction can remain as Z. 13. Change load color by picking new color from pull-down list. Change load group name to Wind left. Actions. Change load group type to Live load / housing. 18. Change load group name to Live1. Change load color by picking new color from pull-down list. are design code specific. Change load group type to Snow load Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 3 .

Use same incompatible number for both to set them incompatible. Point load properties dialog opens. Change Incompatible number of Wind left to 1.20. 1. area load with uniform or variable intensity and temperature load. You have now defined load groups and you have two different winds. Loads in a structure can be defined as point load. Change Incompatible number of Wind right to 1. 21. The wind loading from left is incompatible with the wind loading from right. 1. Therefore you need to modify them and set Incompatible number for wind loads. Modify load groups 2. Define point load properties Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 4 . Loads are modeled as objects and you can copy. Doubleclick Create point load icon. move. edit or delete them like any other object in the model. You can model loads to be independent of the structural parts. Tekla Structures also generates the self-weigh of the structure and use it as uniformly distributed member loads in analysis. Create Loads After modeling the physical structures by creating parts and defining load groups you can add loads to the model. line load. only one of the load groups within an incompatible grouping is taken into consideration at a time. In load combination. Change load direction to X. or they can be attached to parts. Change load color by picking new color from pull-down list. See more in Tekla Structures help: Analysis > Loads > Load types and properties > Load types Create Point load We will now create a suspension load using point load type. which cannot affect at the same time.

Open Magnitude tab on the Point load properties dialog. Define point load magnitude to –2 kN in Pz field. Set bounding box of the load to 1200 in each direction. 6. See more in Tekla Structures help: Analysis > Loads > Distributing loads > Applying loads to parts 8. Click OK. See more in Tekla Structures help: Analysis > Loads > Distributing loads > Attaching loads to parts or locations 7. In Part names select Include and write BEAM to the name field. 5.2. Select Snow from Group name list. Open Distribution tab on the Point load properties dialog. which you have created and defined. 4. The list has all the load groups. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 5 . Define load attachement. 3.

Select Interrupt from rightclick menu to end the command. Open the 3D view on level. Number of copies 5. 1. Rightclick and select Copy > Translate from the list 3. 2. Here the point load is representing suspension load. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 6 . 4. A point load object is created. Press Copy. Tekla Structures copies the point load 5 times to given direction. 1. Zoom in to a top corner on grid lines A' and 2' 3. Fill the Copy translate dialog fields: -500 in dY-direction. 4. 2. Copy point load We will next copy the point load. Select the point load you just created.Create point load Now create a point load and copy it to a beam on grid line B. between lines 2 and 3. Point position to the middle of the column top. 5. Pick Create point load icon.

number of copies is 11. 1. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 7 . 2. Open Magnitude tab on the Line load properties dialog. 6. Select uniformly distributed load as a load form. 3. Doubleclick Create line load icon. Create Line load We will now create additional snow loads using line load type. Now copy the load 1500 mms in x-direction Copy > Translate command. Select all point loads. Define line load properties 4. Select Snow from Group name list.5.

In Part names select Include and write BEAM to the name field. Open a view named GRID 1 2. 3. Set bounding box of the load to 1200 in each direction. 7. Zoom in to upper beams. Create line loads Now create line loads on top of the roof on grid line 1. Point start position to the intersection of column top and grid line A. 8. Select Interrupt from rightclick menu to end the command. Define load attachement. 4. Here the line load represents snow load. Pick Create line load icon. See more in Tekla Structures help: Analysis > Loads > Distributing loads > Applying loads to parts 11. 1. 9. Point end position to the intersection of column top and grid line C. Open Distribution tab on the Line load properties dialog. Set magnitude to -12 kN/m in P1z field. 6. 5. Repeat for another line load: point start position to the intersection of beam top and grid line B. Point end position to the intersection of column top and grid line B. 8.7. See more in Tekla Structures help: Analysis > Loads > Distributing loads > Attaching loads to parts or locations 10. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 8 . Click OK.

1. Define new line load properties We will next create wind loads using the line load. 2. 3. 2. Select load form. Number of copies 3. Select the line loads you just created. Doubleclick Create line load icon. Select Wind right from Group name list.Copy line load We will next copy the line loads. Fill the Copy translate dialog fields: 6000 in dY-direction. 4. Press Copy. Rightclick and select Copy > Translate from the list 3. which has different magnitudes at the ends of the loaded length. 1. Tekla Structures copies the line loads. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 9 .

8. 1. Write COLUMN into Part names field. zoom in to the concrete column on 1 and C grid lines' intersection. 5. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design Create new line loads 10 . Open Magnitude tab on the Line load properties dialog. Open Distribution tab page the Line load properties dialog. 4. Fill P1x -2. In 3D view. Pick Create line load icon.0 kN/m 6.5 kN/m and P2x -3. 7. 3. Set bounding box to be 1200 mms in each direction. Press OK to close the dialog.4. 2. 9. Set offset value 500 mms to the start (a filed) 10. Point end position to the intersection of column top. Point start position to the intersection of column bottom and grid line 1.

Tekla Structures copies the line loads. Number of copies 3. 2. 4. Then Create a line load to the steel column on 1 and C grid lines' intersection. 1. Fill the Copy translate dialog fields: 6000 in dY-direction.Tekla Structures creates a line load. Press Copy.0 kN/m and P2x to be -3.5 kN/m and remove the offset from starting point. Rightclick and select Copy > Translate from the list 3. Copy line load We will next copy the line loads. Select the wind line loads you just created. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 11 . but change P1x to be -3. which has different magnitudes at the ends and which starts 500 mms from the definition point. on top of the concrete column. Next define new values for a new line load: use same values as previously.

Create Area load We will now create live loads using area load type. P2z and P3z fields. 1.Next create Wind left line loads to the opposite side. Select quadrangular load as a load form. Open Magnitude tab on the Area load properties dialog. P1x 2. Define area load properties 2. and 500 mms offset in starting point. Select live1 from Group name list. 3.5 kN/m and P2x -3. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 12 . on grid line A steel columns using same load form.00 kN/m² in P1z. Doubleclick Create area load icon. 5.5 kN/m magnitude values. Set magnitude to -8. 4.

2. Set off set from sides to – 300 mms. Open the Plan +3500 view. Point end position again to grid line intersection. See more in Tekla Structures help: Analysis > Loads > Distributing loads > Applying loads to parts 8.6. Zoom in to the intersection of grid lines C and 4. 7. Create area load: Live load1 We will next define live 1 load by 3 points on top of slab in level +3500. 4. Check that you work on view plane. Set bounding box of the load to 1200 in each direction. 3. 1. Open Distribution tab on the Area load properties dialog. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 13 . 5. Point start position to grid line intersection. Click OK. Pick Create area load icon. Point second position to another grid line intersection 6.

Select Live2 from Group name list. 2. Pick Create area load icon. Open Distribution tab page. Set magnitude to -6 kN/m² in all Pz fields. 5. Set offset to -100 mms 9. Now create the area load Live2: 1. 4. Set bounding box of the load to 1200 in each direction.Create area load: Live load2 We will next define and create live2 load to level +7000. Click OK. 8. Define first the load parameters: 1. 7. Doubleclick Create area load icon. 3. 2. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 14 . Open view Plane +7000. Open Magnitude tab on the Area load properties dialog. 6. Select quadrangular load as a load form.

Set magnitude to –2. Point end position again to grid line intersection. 1. Point second position to another grid line intersection. 4. 5. Close the dialog by pressing OK. Set offset to -100 mms. 5. Open Distribution tab on the Uniform load properties dialog 6. Pick Create uniform load icon. 7. Point start position to the intersection of grid lines A and 1. which is a linearly distributed load/force that is inside a polygonal (distribution/loaded) area. 3. 4. Set bounding box to 1200 in each direction.3. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 15 . Select Live1 from Group name list. Create Uniform load We will next create a uniformly distributed load. 8. Define Uniform load properties 2. Open Magnitude tab on the Uniform load properties dialog.0 kN/m² in P1z field. We will also add an opening to the polygon.

1. 3.5) and close the outermost polygon to starting point (point 5) 2. Continue picking the points of the holes (points 6 . Tekla Structures creates an uniform load. Finish command with middle button.14) and close the inner polygon (point 14). You can do this clockwise or counterclockwise. Pick polygon shape (points 1 . Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 16 . which is cut around the silo.Create uniform load Add uniform load to level +7000 by picking polygon shape and opening shape. then executing command by middle mouse click.

17. Only support conditions are modified. Open Start releases tab page 3. Open End releases tab page 5. Open End releases tab page 5. 2. Select all the beams. Tick Support condition on Start and End releases tab pages 8. Open Start releases tab page 3. 2. we need to specify the supports and member end or edge releases. We will next define restraints to all columns. Untick all dialog fields by pushing On/off button (between Get and Cancel buttons) 7. See more in Tekla Structures help: Analysis > Analysis and Design > Member end connectivity Define Restraints for Members We will now define restraints first to beams having point and line loads. 1. To define the correct values in the analysis model the information should be stored in model. which have point. Double click any column and open Column properties dialog box. Set Support condition to "Supported" 4. Double click any beam and open Beam properties dialog box. Untick all dialog fields by pushing On/off button (between Get and Cancel buttons) 7. Set Support condition to "Connected" 6. Set Support condition to "Connected" 6. 9. line or area loads. Set Support condition to "Connected" 4. 1. Tick Support condition on Start and End releases tab pages Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 17 . Push Modify.2 Restraints To get a valid analysis model that can be solved with FEM analysis engine.

which allows rotation. Select all the columns. 9. 12. Area select all the bracings. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 18 . 1. We will next define restraints to bracings. Only support conditions are modified. Untick all dialog fields by pushing On/off button (between Get and Cancel buttons) 7. Set Support condition to "Connected". Close the Select filter dialog by pressing OK. Write BRACE to Name field on Part tab page. 10. Set Support condition to "Connected". Open End releases tab page 5. which allows rotation.8. Only support conditions are modified. 6. Open Select filter dialog 9. Push Modify. Open Start releases tab page 3. Double click any beam and open Beam properties dialog box. 11. 2. 4. Tick Support condition on Start and End releases tab pages 8. Press Modify on the Beam properties dialog box.

2. Open Analysis tab page 3. Close the dialog by pressing OK or Cancel. Select Triangular element type 5. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 19 . Then set the analysis conditions for the in situ slab. Select Standard from Select filter list to return to normal selection. Press Modify 6.13. Set member analysis type to "Normal" 4. 1. Double click the slab and open Slab properties dialog box.

support condition determination.3 Create Analysis Model The model Structures are analyzed by using the finite element method (FEM). and load division for the analysis members. This includes the splitting of physical parts into analysis members. In Analysis drop down menu select New model… 3. check that you have the correct load modeling code selected. Select all loads and members except pad footings and strip footings. Set member axis to "Reference axis" Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 20 . node generation for the members. Tekla Structures generates an analysis model of the corresponding physical and load models. The analysis model consists of nodes. elements/members. All the input data required and the results generated in the structural analysis constitutes an analysis model. Define analysis model attributes 1. select Analysis load modeling… Use the Analysis load modeling dialog box to determine the building code and safety factors Tekla Structures uses in load combination. Set creation method to "By selected parts and loads" 5. From Setup pull down menu. See more in Tekla Structures help: Analysis > Analysis and Design > Analysis model properties Create a New Analysis Model Before creating the analysis model. 2. load splitting. Give a name to the analysis model: Full model 4. constraints. and other related information. When starting the structural analysis. restraints. loads. additional analysis member generation.17.

Select the "EC2" code from Desing code 14.6. 12. Set design method to Check design. Select the "EC3" code from Desing code 11. 9. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 21 . Set analysis method to 1st order. Open Design-Steel tab page 10. Open the Analysis tab page 8. Set Node definition to "Use rigid links" 7. Set design method to Calculate reguired area. Open Design-Concrete tab page 13.

2. Press Generate… button to use automatic load combination generation. which will be used in analysis. Press Load combinations. Tekla Structures constructs the analysis model.15. 1. Define load combinations 3. Select the analysis model in Analysis & Design models dialog. Before running the analysis we need to define the load combination. Press OK. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 22 . Load combinations dialog opens...

which has modified partial safety factors by pressing New… button. Tekla Structures generates load combinations using code specific partial safety factors. 6.4. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 23 . Note that self weight can be included automatically. Tick all combination options. Select combination type to be "ULS-Ultimate limit state". Add a new combination. 5. 7. Press OK to insert the combinations to Load combinations list.

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 24 . Enter name "Extra snow" for the load combination 9. 1. 3.anl file. which will be saved in Model_folder \Analysis directory. Select the analysis model. Analysis Model Calculation and Result Viewing Run the calculation Analysis model is now ready to be analyzed using STAADpro2003. "Wind right" and "Self weight" from Loads available list to Combinations by selecting the loads an pressing the + button. Press Done to close the dialog. Press Run to start analysis. Move load groups "Snow". View results Press View results button.8.50 to 1.75 11. STAADpro2003 analyses the model and writes an . 2. Change the Partial safety factor of "Snow" from 1. 12. Press OK to accept the load combinations and to insert them into the analysis model. 10. Press OK to insert the load combinations to the Load combinations list. Analysis model has now been analyzed and the results can be seen in STAADpro2003.

Tekla Structures creates an Output file. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 25 . 2. For example.STAADpro2003 program opens in post prosessing mode. it will be reported in the output file. Push the Output file icon to open the file. if Tekla Structures encounters an instability problem during the analysis process. This file provides important information on whether the analysis was performed properly. Check the Output File During the analysis process. 1. Check if there are any warnings in list on the left side.

Check Results Both Graphically and Numerically in STAADpro2003 Steel members We can now check result windows in STAADpro2003. Find the node number in the Node displacements list. Check loads 1. 5. The node is highlighted in STAAD model and you can use zoom window to have a closer look. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 26 . Shift + N shows the node numbers in the view. Start by checking that the loads are correct. 4.model. Select the warning in the list. Open Beam > Graphs tab page on the left side of the result window. There is usually the node number. which you can locate in the STAAD. Find the cause of the warning from the text on the right.3.

2. Pick Load edit cursor icon from Selection toolbar. Doubleclick a load to see the properties 5. Repeat for remaining load groups. 4. 8. Select next load group from View toolbar to see the loads. 6. Check that load magnitude and direction are the same as you have set in Structures load model. 7. Select corresponding load group LG2 from View toolbar The loads in the selected group are displayed. Doubleclick line load using Load edit cursor to see the properties. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 27 . 3.

for example Bending Z and check visually the model if there are too big bending moments in different load combinations. Select member forces from Results toolbar. 3. Check Axial forces. Shear forces in Y and Z directions. Torsion and Bending moments in Y and Z directions. To view the forces. 2. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 28 . Select a single beam to see the forces in more detailed form in the list on the right. 1. open Beam > Forces tab page on the left side of the result window. The scale factor for plotting the diagram may be changed using the menu option Results > Scale > Scales tab.Check member forces You can view the member end forces in graphical and tabular forms.

3. 5. 1. The force values are displayed. Select a beam from the model. 4. STAADpro2003 shows the stresses graphically and in tabular forms. Move the handle in the Select section plane dialog to view stress values in wanted distance from the end of beam. 2. It is also possible to have more graphics of the forces.4. STAADpro2003 opens new graphical windows to view the Mz. Steel detailing tab shows the critical load combination for the selected beam. On Shear Bending tab. To view the stresses. select the critical load combination to see the details. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 29 . 2. Check member stresses Member stresses can be printed at specified intermediate sections as well as at the start and end joints. 1. open Beam > Stresses tab page on the left side of the result window. Fy and Fx forces. Select a beam from the model. Tick the Display Legend and Display Corner Stress options to view them in the window. To view detailed force graphics select Beam > Graphs tab page on the left side of the result window.

).5. Push Add Stress to Table button to save the stress values at given distance. the value of the ratio of the critical condition (overstressed for a value more than 1. and the location (distance from the start of the member) of forces in the member where the critical condition occurs. The colors and limits for safe and failed members for plotting the diagram may be changed using the menu option Results > Scale > Design Results tab. shear.0 or any other specified RATIO value). the governing load case. the program calculates and prints whether the members have passed the code or have failed. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 30 . The values can later be called into a report. Utility Check When code checking is selected. tension. the critical condition of the code (any of the compression. etc.

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 31 . Select the Reports tab page on the left side of the result window. open Beam > Utility Check tab page on the left side of the result window. Plotting Result Diagrams The Report menu options display various numerical results in tabular form. Select Failed members from the tabular data on the right. 4. To view the Utility check results. 2. 1. Creating Customized Reports. 3. The results may be sorted in ascending or descending order. Double click the failed member to see more detailed data in the Beam dialog.1. Each table appears as a separate window on screen and may be saved and included in a Custom Report . Select a row from the Failed members list to activate the member in the model.

5. 7. Select the Items tab page. To remove a load case from the selected list pick the row and push the arrow button.Report Setup dialog opens. Select the results you want in the report under Available section and move them to the Selected section using the arrow button. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 32 . By default all load cases are selected. Open the Load Cases tab page to select the load cases. 6. Select Output under Available section. which you want to display in the report. To save the report settings open the Load/Save tab page. 3. Then define if you want the results to be grouped by Load Case or by Node/Beam 8. 2. 4.

. 1.. 11. Push the Save as. 2. Select the nodes you want to the report in the model by using the Nodes cursor. Close the Save Report dialog by pressing OK.9. In Sorting tab page select Absolute Displacement to sort by it. 10. button and write the name of the report into the dialog. First we will create a joint displacement report. Close the Report Setup dialog by pressing OK You can create additional reports from Report pull down menu. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 33 . From Report pull down menu select Joint displacement… 3.

6. Write the name for your repot file. 7. All existing reports are put together in one file. Press OK button. You can display one or two pages of the file at a time by picking the corresponding option on the toolbar.4. To view the report file select the Print preview report command under File menu. To exit the viewer. push the Close button. Tick Save Report to save the report. The report file opens in tabular form. The report file can be save as text file or MS Word file using File > Export report functionality. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 34 . Select Report tab page 5.

Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 35 . Press OK to change the member colors in the model. Note that you must have the analysis model selected in the Analysis & Design models dialog. Utility Check You can visualize the utility check results in Tekla Structures. which opens the log in result window. Select Setup > Colors… 2.Check Results Both Graphically and Numerically in Tekla Structures The analysis log file can be viewed in Tekla Structures by clicking the Display analysis log icon. 3. 1. Select Analysis utility check from the list.

Tekla Structures generates a report of the selected members. 7. Right click and select User defined attributes… from the menu. Push the Create from selected button. 1. Select part_utility_ratio_ID report from the list. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 36 . 4. Push the Report icon 3. To select the members of the analysis model and to view the analysis model structure in Tekla Structures. To select a part from the model. 6.The utility check results can also be shown in reports. push Select objects button in the Analysis & Design models dialog. pick a line in the report. 2. Select End codes tab page to view forces of the selected part. 5. The analysis model frame is displayed as red bars inside the physical model.

3. 2. Double click a beam to view the results in the Beam properties dialog. 4. 1. Press Get results in the Analysis & Design models dialog. Select End codes tab page.You can also call the analysis results for single members from STAADpro2003 into Tekla Structures model. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 37 . Push User defined attributes… button.

Select the BEAM-IPE270 design group on the dialog.. unselect the members. 4. which you DON'T want to change. 1. Optimization results dialog opens. 2. The selected profiles are changed. 5.anl file 3. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 38 . On Optimization results dialog. To optimize part sizes. Tekla Structures uses design groups when it searches for the optimal profiles for parts. run the analysis and then click Analysis > Optimize. Using Ctrl – button.. Leave only beams on +7000 level selected. See more in Tekla Structures Help: Analysis > Analysis and Design > Optimizing part size Tekla Structures creates a design group of steel parts that have the same name and profile. It assigns the same profile to all parts in a design group. All members.Optimize the Profiles in the Model According to Analysis Results You can have Tekla Structures to check the profiles of the steel parts in the physical model and suggest the best profiles to use. Press the Done button on the dialog to close it. based on the analysis results. which have the same profile are selected in the model. press Accept selected for selected objects only button. 6. The STAADpro2003 runs the steel design and writes a Full model1_opt..

2. If you want to keep the old results select the analysis model on the Analysis & Design models dialog and click Analysis > Freeze results.When the optimization is done. 1. 3. Check the new results both in STAADpro2003 and in Tekla Structures. the analysis model needs to be updated. Copyright © 2004 Tekla Corporation TEKLA STRUCTURES BASIC TRAINING Analysis and Design 39 . On Analysis & Design models dialog press Update. Then re-run the analysis by pressing the Run button. Press View results button to open STAADpro2003 4.

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