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Section A Framework for Comprehensive Development Part 2 Development Strategies

CHAPTER 3
Physical Development Strategies

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1 hectares (2. the South Johor Economic Region (SJER) is defined as a geographic area in the southern part of Johor that will benefit from the economic opportunities that will be promoted within the region. South Johor Urbanisation. Natural and Green Environment. equitable and sustainable national spatial framework. SJER covers the entire district of Johor Bahru (including the islands within the district). Mukim Sungai Karang. In particular it covers the planning area of SJER. The SJER will be planned and developed as Southern Peninsular Malaysia’s most developed region. This will be in line with the national aspiration to promote balanced regional development for national unity and to create an efficient. km) of land area within the southern most part of Johor.1 : SJER in the Johor context TH AI LA N Perlis Langkawi PULAU PINANG KEDAH D So h ut From a physical planning perspective. all within the district of Pontian. the Coastal Zone and the Johor Bahru City Centre respectively.2 Planning Area The CDP has been prepared for the SJER area that covers 221. a brief review of current land use and development patterns and proceeds to outline ten specific physical development strategies including a proposed Special Economic Corridor and five Flagship Zones. environmental and economic growth of the area. in Ch a Se a KELANTAN PERAK TRENGGANU PAHANG 0km 25 Source : SJER CDP 2025 3. chapters 9 to 13 covering the Physical Development Plan.3 sq.1 Introduction This chapter outlines the framework and strategies with regard to physical and spatial planning. Mukim Jeram Batu. ra St North 50 its M of 100km SELANGOR NEGERI SEMBILAN el a ak MELAKA JOHOR SINGAPORE 3-1 .216.Physical Development Strategies chapter chapter 3 3. Mukim Serkat and Pulau Kukup in Mukim Ayer Masin. This chapter is also related to the specific Physical Planning Initiatives covered in Part 3 of Section B.634. This would include spatial allocation of resources (such as human. Figure 3. man-made or natural resources). which will enhance (directly or indirectly) the social.

Built in 1855 by the late Sultan Abu Bakar.4 Urbanisation and Current Employment Centres Johor Bahru urbanisation rate is 69. a regional growth conurbation identified in the National Physical Plan.3 Planning Jurisdiction The Planning Area falls under the jurisdiction of five local planning authorities. which is higher than the average national urbanisation rate of 65.4% (National Physical Plan. Its major industries include electronics. Pasir Gudang. Johor Bahru City.1%.SECTION A FRAMEWORK FOR COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT Figure 3. the local chief who signed the initial treaty with the British when they sought permission to lease Singapore island in 1819. namely: ■ Majlis Bandaraya Johor Bahru (Johor Bahru City Council) ■ Majlis Perbandaran Johor Bahru Tengah (Johor Bahru Tengah Municipal Council) ■ Pihak Berkuasa Tempatan Pasir Gudang (Pasir Gudang Local Authority) ■ Majlis Perbandaran Kulai (Kulai Municipal Council) ■ Majlis Daerah Pontian (Pontian District Council) 3-2 . Johor Bahru city occupies extensive coastal land consisting of ecologically rich swamplands and important river systems such as Sungai Johor. Sultan Abu Bakar took a great interest in planning and laying out his royal city of Johor Bahru and today. This urbanisation rate can be related to the economic development of the SJER as the area of concentration for investment and employment. The South Johor area is also an important industrial. Johor Bahru was officially granted city status. 2005. 3. Sungai Pulai and Sungai Tebrau. The state capital Johor Bahru. especially for services and manufacturing activities. Tanjung Langsat as well the Senai-Kulai areas are the main centres of employment. the city is the southern gateway to Peninsular Malaysia. Sultan Abu Bakar was descended from Temenggong Abdul Rahman. SJER is also where 70% of Johor’s manufacturing establishments (4. which separates Malaysia and Singapore. Much of the prosperity Johor enjoys today can be traced directly to Sultan Abu Bakar’s success in persuading British and Chinese entrepreneurs to invest in agricultural estates in the area. resource and petrochemical refinery and ship building. On 1 January 1994. which is 60% of Johor’s GDP. is the nucleus for this southern growth conurbation.2 : Five Local Planning Authorities The Planning Area is located in the most developed region of the south of Peninsular Malaysia or also known as the Johor Bahru Conurbation. Johor Bahru is the second largest city in the country after Kuala Lumpur. South Johor is situated on the Straits of Johor (also known as the Straits of Tebrau).266 establishments) are located. This is reflected by SJER’s estimated GDP of USD20 billion. KOTA TINGGI PONTIAN MAJLIS DAERAH KULAI MAJLIS PERBANDARAN JOHOR BAHRU TENGAH MAJLIS DAERAH PONTIAN MAJLIS BANDARAYA JOHOR BAHRU PIHAK BERKUASA TEMPATAN PASIR GUDANG Source : SJER CDP 2025 3. logistical and commercial centre. 2005).

Retail trade. for example the second link highways and infrastructure available within its corridor. Biotech. commercial.461. Arts & Culture E&E. Commercial usage covers only 1. High-value Food processing and Agrobased processing. institution/ community facilities.5 Current Development Distribution and Existing Land Uses The development distribution in SJER currently is imbalanced with development focused in main urban centres and along major roads and highways.461.23 hectares (0. SJER 2006 3.046. Education CHAPTER 3 | PART 1 represents 84.56 hectares (1. As for developed land use. The undeveloped area 3-3 . Food processing Commerce. followed by institution/community facilities at 3. Developments are also focussed in areas with major industrial activities and these are mainly in the Pasir Gudang.302. industrial.213. ChemicalBiofuels. infrastructure and utilities.1: Current Major Economic Centres and Land Use Activities Employment Centre Johor Bahru City Economic Activity Services Activities Plastics. Finance. The developed areas within SJER are only 15.79 hectares (1. it covers an area of 31.77%) and industrial usage with an area of 4. Development must capitalise upon the existing infrastructure available within SJER. Prioritisation of development must also be undertaken and the opening of new frontiers must be limited to Urbanisation Promotion Areas to protect agriculture land that is categorised as Urbanisation Control Areas.2%.97%). OleoChemical.63 hectares of land. Research & Development. Hospitality & Entertainment. Aviation-related downstream industries. OleoChemical. Agricultural land constitutes the current main use in SJER covering an area of 119.35%) of which residential usage covers 9.74%).626.85 hectares (4. Chemical.65% of the total SJER landbank or 173. Plastics. Engineering-based industries Airport-related services.06 hectares or 58. Engineeringbased industries.35% of the total area or 31. Engineering-based industries E&E.63 hectares (15. One of the key issues in the development of SJER is balancing growth and in development with the protection of nature and the environment. Vacant land/shrubs account for the second largest land area of 17.85 hectares or 8. Meeting/Incentives /Conference/ Exhibition (MICE). The developed areas comprise of residential.57 hectares of land.59%) of the total SJER land area. Plentong and Mount Austin areas. Food Products Port-related services Chemical.PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES Table 3.48%.512.381. The encroachment into such areas needs to be controlled and managed in a more sustainable manner especially for developments within the water catchments areas. Manufacturing Pasir Gudang Manufacturing Services Tanjung Langsat Manufacturing Senai-Kulai Manufacturing Services Source: Economics and Social Aspect Report.724. Electrical and Electronics (E&E).

974.724.48 84.19 0.49 4.46 971.10 2.56 1.92 6.38 6.952.63 4.634.13 0.75 15.11 0.00 GUNUNG PULAI FR KULAI Planned Housing Area PLENTONG MASAI PASIR GUDANG TG.63 13.626.31 9.56 249.07 0.97 0.97 1.85 1.23 1.63 0.294.23 4.89 0.79 78.03 1.08 1.18 266.98 6.385.10 1.381.74 0.251.57 204.90 221.91 370.20 3.512.98 389.461.Promotion and Control Areas DEVELOPMENT AREA Residential Villages SENAI SKUDAI KANGKAR PULAI Hectares % URBANIZ AGRICULT FOREST DAM RIVER 2. LANGSAT Subtotal Commercial Subtotal Industrial Subtotal Institution/Public Amenities Public Amenities Government Use Religious Reserve Education Reserve MANGROV PEKAN NENAS JOHOR BAHRU NUSAJAYA RAMSAR TG.729.3 : Urbanisation .83 157. PELEPAS URBANISATION CONTROL AREA AGRICULTURE PROTECTION ZONE MANGROVE FOREST DAM RIVER URBANISATION PROMOTION AREA INFILL DEVELOPMENT SECONDARY PROMOTION AREA PRIMARY PROMOTION ZONE Security & Emergency Facilities Health Facilities Cemeteries Subtotal Special Use Airport Army Camp Palace Port Subtotal Infrastructure & Utility Subtotal Road/Transport Highway/Road/Rail Reserves Parking Subtotal TOTAL NON DEVELOPMENT AREA Agriculture Forest Mangrove Open Space/Recreation Pond/River/Drain Vacant Land Total GRAND TOTAL AREA Sea GRAND TOTAL IN SJER AREA Source : SJER CDP 2025 Source : Johor Bahru District Draft Local Plan.93 9.10 0.SECTION A FRAMEWORK FOR COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT Table 3.44 3.30 12.09 6.65 100.17 0.57 1.33 215.48 354.58 0.449.046.60 31.926.47 0.30 4.29 344.659.77 0.294. Pontian District Draft Local Plan 3-4 .63 119.21 17.213.35 58.302.20 16.771.046.826.2 : Existing Land Use in SJER Land Use BUKIT HANTU FR SEDENAK FR SEDENAK Figure 3.12 0.80 1.03 9.18 1.401.213.59 0.04 0.17 4.79 4.05 8.85 173.76 3.59 1.051.30 147.

4: Existing Land Use Distribution Plan CHAPTER 3 | PART 1 Villages Planned House Commercial Industry Community Hall Government Use Religious Reserve Education Reserve Security & Emergency Facilities Health Facilities Cemeteries Airport Army Camp Palace Port Infrastructure & Utility Highway/Road/Rail Reserved Parking Sea Port Infrastructure & Utility Mangrove Forest RAMSAR Zone River/Pond Agriculture Source : Johor Bahru District Draft Local Plan. Pontian District Draft Local Plan 3-5 .PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES Figure 3.

private sector and the community. • Safety and Comfort – SJER must emphasise on a quality built environment where developments are build to human scale and are of high aesthetic standards to increase the standard of living. • Quality of Life – SJER’s definition of the Quality of Life for the community is that the community must be economically healthy and has a broad mix of employment opportunities. efficient mobility. parks and neighbourhoods. It also commits to creating a liveable and attractive environment for residents. • Culture and Diversity . taking into considerations the diverse arts. environmental quality. 3. streets. comfort and quality of life. adequate housing. environmental protection. public health and recreation.SJER should build on the strong cultural environment.’ With this clearly defined purpose. • Partnership . in which they can carry out daily activities with pleasure. sustainable conurbation of international standing’ is read as a commitment ‘To create a sustainable conurbation which has taken into consideration the needs of all its stakeholders and subsequently enhance the quality of its community’s life without compromising the ecology of the environment. Figure 3. SJER’s primary vision and thrusts towards providing a better living standard for its population can be achieved. A number of principles have been defined for SJER. A physical development interpretation of the SJER vision of a ‘strong. priorities must be given to safety. development strategies. The CDP provides a strategic framework of visions. city planners. and they are: • Equity – SJER is committed in providing equal opportunity to all its local population and stakeholders to share in its liveability from such aspects as the economic growth. businesses and visitors. the CDP is a developmental road map for the next 20 years that is aimed at guiding decision makers. thus providing a sustainable pattern of development and positive quality of life for SJER residents. • Protect and Manage Natural Environment . designers and builders in making decisions consistent with the overall plan. goals and key directions for a region that is liveable for its people. and harmony. The CDP will balance these needs against the economic growth. nongovernment organisations.SJER must manage its natural environment and be highly sensitive in protecting the Economic Development Environmental Protection Community & Social Development Source: SJER CDP 2025 The CDP is also prepared in the anticipation of changes. social and community development that will develop SJER into a world-class conurbation.SECTION A FRAMEWORK FOR COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT natural resources that provides the foundation of high living standards.7 Core Physical Development Design Principles Liveability and Sustainability is the core essence of the framework and thrust of the plan.8 SJER Physical Development Strategies The CDP will be guided by physical development strategies to ensure outcomes that reflects the vision and core principles outlined. clean air and protected natural resources must be its abiding goals.SJER must be developed with clear collaborative effort and partnership between local government. humanities and culture of its communities. 3. Clean water. principles. This means that in the design of its built environment such as buildings. public safety. These Physical Development Strategies (PDS) will be based on the potential of the area as well as the challenges faced by SJER in becoming a 3-6 . pride.6 Designing the Physical Development Plan From a physical planning standpoint. to ensure manageable growth.5: Sustainable Development Integrating Three Main Elements 3.

6: PDS 1 – Balanced Development within SJER Figure 3. Tanjung Pelepas and Pasir Gudang. In addition. to cater to the growing needs of the community. animal sanctuary and water catchment areas are protected and gazetted. in line with the upgrading of Senai Airport. PDS 2 – Protect and conserve natural. provides great advantages to this corridor. This development strategy will ensure that the natural forest reserve. The development corridor of Nusajaya-Johor Bahru-Pasir Gudang will be fully targeted. the Causeway and the Second Link. The corridor houses two established ports. identified in Chapter 4. this strategy will also serve to accentuate SJER’s natural endowment as a source of competitive advantage.PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES world class sustainable conurbation.7: PDS 2 – Protect and Conserve CHAPTER 3 | PART 1 Furthermore. not only enhances the quality of life but also the sustainability of SJER. mangrove. the Strategic Social Development Thrusts (SSDT) in Chapter 5 and the Regional Environmental Assessment prepared for the area. as well as a new state administrative centre. in the long term. There are ten key PDS identified and these strategies will complement the Strategic Economic Thrusts (SET). These strategies will ensure that the required flexibility. which is to become part of the integrated logistic hub for the southern region. Figure 3. and the established commercial and retail centre. Nusajaya. PDS 1 – Ensure a balanced development within the SJER by reaffirming distribution and enhancing efficiency through focused development in certain corridors and nodes This strategy focuses on creating balanced growth within SJER which includes redistributing development along established corridors and capitalise development in areas with established development infrastructure. This is further enhanced by the extension of the Senai Airport runway. Source: SJER CDP 2025 Source: SJER CDP 2025 3-7 . historic and open space resources to improve the quality of life This development strategy is critical to SJER as the need to establish a green network or system of open space is vital to its habitat protection and bio-diversity which. Johor Bahru. given the relative abundance of land resource. is not neglected. the two main links to Singapore.

build further enabling infrastructure Development should initially focus in areas where ready resources and infrastructure are available and adequate. it is important to review the planned growth areas in terms of the infrastructure and services that exist such as roads. Concurrently development will also look into building new enabling infrastructure. The regional linkage between the Kuala Lumpur conurbation and Johor Bahru conurbation and eventually Singapore will enhance mobility within the regions and spur economic growth for the area. Figure 3.9: PDS 5 – Enhance Regional and Local Access Source: SJER CDP 2025 SINGAPORE ������������������ ����������������� 3-8 Source: SJER CDP 2025 . Figure 3.SECTION A FRAMEWORK FOR COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT PDS 4 – Promote in-fill and redevelopment in existing communities. Managing these resources efficiently and establishing a sustainable future land use plan means that the development within existing urban areas must be encouraged and promoted especially within urban areas such as Johor Bahru. road and water based linkages is enhanced to provide greater access. Linkages between the east and west of the development corridor are also important with alternative modes of public transportation such as rail. this would cultivate the growth management strategy that will affect the development phasing and coordination of infrastructure investments. including key catalyst infrastructure development such as the Coastal Highway that has been identified under the Ninth Malaysia Plan. restoration of old buildings and in-fill development of vacant sites with good potential for development. Concurrently.8: PDS 3 – Focus on Existing Urban Areas This strategy is important to create sustainable economic growth in the southern region. power and water. including brownfield sites Establishing a targeted growth area will assist the cause of protecting undeveloped land resources and thus identifies existing areas for redevelopment. This development strategy will strengthen existing and emerging economic clusters identified in Chapter 4 of this plan and subsequently enhance the efficiency and productivity as well as the supply and knowledge chains. Incentives are proposed for brownfield development involving redevelopment of existing properties. Thus. PDS 5 – Enhance accessibility by improving Regional and East-West linkages as well as provide alternative modes of public transportation PDS 3 – Focus development in areas where existing and adequate infrastructure exists. sewers.

It shall also encourage integrated water management as part of an integrated cycle. Figure 3. 3-9 .10: PDS 6 – Key Economic Initiatives as Focal Points for Growth CHAPTER 3 | PART 1 PDS 8 – Manage Regional Growth Especially in the Periphery Areas of SJER SJER shall manage the growth of its periphery areas as well as ensuring plans for areas outside SJER complements developments within SJER. Concentrating compact settlements in the periphery areas will assist in striving to achieve sustainability while protecting the agriculture-promoted areas. The need to reduce. Accessibility to these areas is important to the mobility of people and transportation of goods and also for future expansions of urban communities. Source: SJER CDP 2025 PDS 7 – Plan and develop SJER as one integrated global node consisting of Johor. in particular with the islands of Batam and Bintan. build quality and use of materials that promote safety and security. With this global node having a population of more than 8 million today and a projected population of more than 10 million in 2025. and valued environmental areas. Agriculture areas will set the urban limits for SJER.Promote key economic initiatives that will become focal points for growth within the region The need to create new development catalysts within the region is critical. PDS 10 – Promote Planned Communities that will produce quality neighbourhoods A key aspiration for SJER is to develop model neighbourhoods and planned communities that will produce high quality neighbourhoods with high liveability factors. New economic initiatives can spur the corridor into a quantum leap thus benefiting the region. PDS 9 – Plan for innovative and sustainable infrastructure and utilities SJER shall demonstrate the use of innovative and sustainable infrastructure and utilities in its area especially as pressures on energy and resource utilisation increases with the anticipated increase in economic activity. Such development catalysts should focus on new economic initiatives as well as enhancing existing initiatives. is important in strengthening SJER’s international linkages as well as attaining a critical mass for the region. SJER should position itself to support this growth. while an education and healthcare hub and the new state administrative centre in Nusajaya will further spur growth. Creative industry initiatives as well as an MSC Cyber city are among the new initiatives that could provide growth catalyst for the area. In this regard.PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES PDS 6 . SENAI-SKUDAI LOGISTICS HUB ����������� ���������������� �������� ��������������������� �������������� SINGAPORE PASIR GUDANG OLEOCHEMICAL INDUSTRY SJER encourages efficient use of energy and alternative energy that leads to substantial savings over the life-time of the development. reuse and recycle is among the key fundamentals to managing demand for infrastructure and utilities. social integration and community development will be consciously pursued. elements and features in design. a primary product of the periphery areas. Further developments within existing urban area will make it more compact and subsequently enhances established areas. Singapore and Indonesia Developing SJER as one integrated global node with Singapore and Indonesia.

petrochemical and oleo-chemical.10 . This includes: ■ Strenghten Existing Main Economic Drivers and Diversification – To further strengthen the current main economic drivers. Such clusters need to be encouraged and to include downstream activities. Figure 3. which is the Senai-Kulai area (in the vicinity of the Senai Airport). ■ Strengthen Supporting Industries (mainly SMI) and Basic Foundation – To ensure that the main industries are able to develop without undue constraints. ■ Adopt the Cluster Approach – To be adopted where industries of interrelated activities are geographically clustered together. logistics and related services. 3 . ■ Build on Existing Strength in Respect of Resource Endowment and Lever on Singapore’s Strength. producers of complementary products. New potential economic centres are to be identified while strong existing clusters will be enhanced and strengthened by encouraging value-added activities to be developed within these areas. The growth of SJER will be economically driven and thus generating employment and opportunities for new job creation. pond and agro processing.Planned Community Module These SETs are important influencing factors in the physical development Source: SJER CDP 2025 of SJER and will be translated into spatial strategies to accelerate development within the SJER area. The four additional drivers and pillars to economic growth are all servicebased. specialised infrastructure providers. Infrastructure development will be identified to cater for and link the expanded areas while new technological requirements are explored to cater for the new industries. the drivers are electrical and electronics. 3.11: PDS 10. such as health and educational services. ■ Provide the Right Types of Incentives and Support. International linkages will enhance market access thus benefiting SJER in terms of technology and innovations. institutions providing specialised training and technical support etc.9 SJER Strategic Economic Thrusts (SET) The physical development strategies identified above is in line with achieving the SETs that have been identified to accelerate the growth of SJER during the planning period of the CDP.SECTION A FRAMEWORK FOR COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT ■ Optimise Spatial Distribution of Economic Activities – To enhance efficiency and regional balance by focusing development on the SEC and the northern node. ■ Strengthen International Linkages – To create dynamism and value-added in the economy of SJER within the regional agglomeration Singapore-Johor-Riau (SIJORI). financial services. and creative industries.

Hospitality. Port & Logistics. Regional Procurement Centres Senai Area E&E . 3 . Multimedia & Technical Education Port of Tanjung Pelepas Area E&E. the Physical Plan of the CDP will adopt an optimum land use development-planning concept that will translate the ten development strategies from PDS 1 to PDS 10. Creative & Multimedia. The land use planning concept is illustrated in the plan shown in Figure 3. Other Chemical.10 The Physical Development Planning Concept In line with the desired vision.11 . Oleo Chemical. Biotechnology. Medicine & Health. Software Development. Other Industries. Urban tourism Nusajaya Area MSC-Based. rivers. Food. and mangrove and hill areas have been incorporated into the plan to become an important feature of the overall development. Food Products. Arts & Culture. Port Services. Petrochemical. AgroProducts.12: Economics Spatial Distribution by Major Growth Centres Area Pasir Gudang Area Economic Activities CHAPTER 3 | PART 1 E&E. Oleo Chemical. These strategies promote sustainability and economic growth that will balance between Source: SJER CDP 2025 environmental conservation and protection as well as meeting the needs and demand for social development. Warehousing. Commerce & Retail. Industry. Bio-Diesel. R&D. Chemicals. For example. Engineering Source: SJER CDP 2025 3. Regional HQs. R&D. Airport Services The Physical Plan is then further developed by taking cognisance of the opportunities accorded and constraints of the SJER planning area. Entreport Trade. Warehousing Tanjung Langsat Area Petrochemical.3 : Spatial Distribution of Economic Activities Area Johor Bahru Area Economic Activities Plastic. E&E. Logistic. Food Products. Table 3. Other Industries Engineering Warehousing. Financial Services. R&D.PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES Figure 3. Hi-tech Manufacturing. Engineering.15 which translates the aforementioned development strategies. natural elements such as forest.Food Products (High Value). Engineering & Emerging Technology. Logistic Centre.

11 SJER Flagship Zones Five Flagship Zones are proposed as key focal points for developments in the SJER.13: Development Planning Concept 3. Four of the focal points will be located in the NusajayaJohor Bahru-Pasir Gudang corridor also known as the Special Economic Corridor (SEC) The flagship zones listed below are envisaged to both strengthen further existing economic clusters as well as to diversify and develop targeted growth factors identified under SET 1: Flagship Zone A Flagship Zone B Flagship Zone C Flagship Zone D Flagship Zone E – – – – – Johor Bahru City Centre Nusajaya Western Gate Development Eastern Gate Development Senai-Skudai 3 .12 .SECTION A FRAMEWORK FOR COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT Figure 3.

PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES Figure 3.14: Flagship Zones in SJER CHAPTER 3 | PART 1 Flagship Zone A – Johor Bahru Key Functions and Activities Service and business district Free Access Zone Flagship Zone D – Eastern Gate Development Key Functions and Activities Pasir Gudang Port and industrial zone Tanjung Langsat Technopolis Kim-Kim Regional Park B – Nusajaya Johor State Administrative Centre New financial and business district MSC Cyber city and Nusajaya Cyber park Education hub E – Senai-Skudai Senai International Airport Integrated logistic hub Skudai Knowledge Centre Senai Multimodal Terminal Hub C – Western Gate Development Port of Tanjung Pelepas (PTP) RAMSAR SItes 2nd Link Free Access Zone Source: SJER CDP 2025 3 .13 .

food products and the service industry (mainly logistics and tourism). and a third oleo-chemical port at Tanjung Langsat. The main economic activities found here are manufacturing. Port of Tanjung Pelepas and Pasir Gudang. Located next to Port of Tanjung Pelepas and in the vicinity of the Second Link. chemicals and chemical products. multimedia and research. The corridor is an established area of development with two major ports. Nusajaya also houses the new state administrative centre and has been identified as an area to house several targeted new growth sectors including in education. 3.14 . The area also has two major links to Singapore. the Causeway and the Second Link in Nusajaya. Many of the new catalyst developments are expected to be in the relatively new and greenfield area of Nusajaya. Existing industrial clusters are found mainly within the existing growth nodes of this corridor. electrical and electronics. the Nusajaya-Johor Bahru-Pasir Gudang corridor will be the main and premier zone for development and investment. The SEC is envisaged to house most of the leading-edge developments in SJER including proposed Free Access Zones that will have a relatively large international component.SECTION A FRAMEWORK FOR COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT With many of the economic drivers already present.15: The Special Economic Corridor JB CITY CENTER NUSAJAYA ADMINISTRATIVE CENTRE MSC CYBER CITY JOHOR BAHRU CITY CENTRE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT PASIR GUDANG OLEOCHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOHOR BAHRU CITY CENTRE PASIR GUDANG NUSAJAYA Source: SJER CDP 2025 3 .12 The Special Economic Corridor (SEC) It is targeted that developments within SJER will initially focus on the medium term in the Nusajaya-Johor Bahru-Pasir Gudang corridor. Figure 3. among others. New initiatives that will also attract other economic drivers to this region such as ICT. education. financial services and creative industry will also be centred in this zone. health. The existing growth nodes will spearhead regional growth and will be enhanced to entice and attract both local and foreign investors. healthcare and tourism.