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FINAL EXAMINATION SEMESTER I SESSION 2009/2010

SUBJECT NAME SUBJECT CODE COURSE DATE OF EXAM DURATION INSTRUCTION

APPLIED ELECTROMAGNETICS BEE 3223 3 BEE NOVEMBER 2009 3 HOURS ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS IN PART A. ANSWER THREE (3) QUESTIONS ONLY IN PART B.

THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF EIGHT PAGES

Discuss briefly with the help of a proper figure. Use calculation method. b = 4. (4 marks) Analyze briefly the voltage and current distribution along a half-wave dipole supported with an appropriate figure. Calculate phase velocity.BEE 3223 PART A Q1 (a) One technique for impedance matching is stub matching. (4 marks) (b) Q4 (a) Explain the difference between 'attenuation' and 'absorption' in radio wave propagation. (4 marks) A standard air filled rectangular waveguide with dimensions a = 8. explain the condition that it must fulfill.6 0 ° and X = 24 cm.318 cm is fed by a 4 GHz carrier from a coaxial cable. (4 marks) For a semi-rough surface to act like a smooth/specular surface. find the locations of the voltage maximum and minimum nearest to the load.26. (i) (ii) Determine if a TEio mode will be propagated. (2 marks) Differentiate between Line-of-Sight and Non-Line-of-Sight.90. (3 marks) (b) Q2 (a) Design a rectangular waveguide with an aspect ratio of 3 to 1 for use in the Riband (18 .5 GHz).636 c m . Justify your answer. Up^ (4 marks) (b) Q3 (a) Calculate the power gain both in absolute and dB for a half-wave dipole with efficiency of 0. Assume that the waveguide is air filled. (2 marks) (b) (c) 2 . 5 Z . (5 marks) If r = 0 .

(5 marks) J .BEE 3223 Q5 (a) Identify THREE (3) criteria electromagnetically compatible. coupling path and receptor. for the system to be considered as (3 marks) (b) Distinguish the interference between mobile phone and digital computer signal transmission situations to a source. Explain briefly the situation.

Z l the length of an alternative stub and its location from the load.25. S (15 marks) 50 Q lossless transmission line uses an insulating material with (b) A e r = 2. is used to match a 60 Q lossless line to a load.8 GHz . When terminated in an open circuit. (4 marks) (b) (c) In air filled rectangular waveguide. If the shorted-stub is located at 0. how long should the line be for its input impedance. (4 marks) Calculate the number of modes that the waveguide supports if the operating used is 7.BEE 3223 PART B Q6 (a) A stub length of 0. whereas that TEm mode is 7. explain why single mode propagation in the waveguide is highly desirable in microwave system. the cutoff frequency of a TEl0 mode is 5 GHz. (2 marks) Suggest TWO (2) steps that can be taken in such a way that the waveguide support single mode only. Zm to be equivalent to a 10 pF capacitor at 50 MHz? (5 marks) Q7 (a) With the aid of diagram.3X from the load.12A. the standing wave ratio between the stub and the load. (4 marks) Over what frequency range will the guide support the propagation of a single dominant mode? (2 marks) (iii) (iv) 4 . (i) (ii) Determine the dimensions of the waveguide. (4 marks) Distinguish between TE mode and TM mode.5 GHz. calculate: (i) (ii) (iii) the load impedance.

Calculate (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) The power gain The EIRP of the parabolic antenna. (7 marks) If both the transmitting and receiving tower is only 15 metres in height from sea level. a knife edge hill with height of 40 metres from sea level is found located at the middle of the proposed communication path.BEE 3223 Q8 (a) Describe the major lobe. Illustrate your design by indicating the length and spacing for driven and parasitic elements. Assume the same transmitter and receiver height. calculate the loss due to the obstacle. 5 (b) (c) . (4 marks) Design a five-element Yagi-Uda array from the basic dipole for a frequency of 200 MHz. (10 marks) (b) (c) Q9 A communication link between the headquarters in city A to a subsidiary outlet in city B which is 60 kilometres away is going to be set up. (5 marks) Calculate the free space loss in between the communication link. Pin The distance of the probe if an isotropic antenna is used for the same amount of field strength. Praci and input power. back lobes and nulls for an antenna. (6 marks) A probe measured 2pV/m of field strength 100 km away from a parabolic antenna with directive gain of 1000 and efficiency of 0. The radiated power. (2 marks) (d) Find the effective isotropic radiated power (EIRP) of the transmitter in dBW and Watt.85. During the site survey. side lobes. (a) Find the height of the proposed transmitter and receiver tower so that the diffraction loss can be negligible. The communication link will utilize the newly acquired 4 GHz spectrum for transmission and a 20 dBW transmitter and 15 dBi gain antennas for both transmitter and receiver station.

at the receiver in dBW and Watt.BEE 3223 (3 marks) (e) Find the received power. (10 marks) Draw the block diagrams to illustrate FOUR (4) basic of EMC subproblems. Assume there are no other losses in the system. Recommend the control techniques of electromagnetic interference while designing the system. (3 marks) Q10 (a) One of the reasons to consider electromagnetic compatibility is to achieve the desired functional performance of a digital circuitry system. Draw the appropriate figures to explain the techniques. P R . (4 marks) (b) (c) Propose radiated emission measurement setup using ONE (1) of the following measurement facilities below: (i) (ii) (iii) Open Area Test Site GTEM Cell Anechoic Chamber (6 marks) 6 .

rtc t V b + —V 2 a f 1 2 1 y a c Itm=bT] 2R s 1- (b/a)3m2+n2 2 (b/a)2m2+n2 r fc ri L J 7 ']l L* J . l .jP T mrt E 0 cos — . f mmO f nrcy E n sm cos I a J I b b) -yz T E Modes / mux \ nity -yz sin lHo c o s v~b~y Exs = ^ ^ „ „ . ( mry Exs = . . (nmx rnty E 0 sin cos V a . (nrcy^ -yz Ezs = E n sin1 sin a J {b jcos n7t „ .sm — .-yz V a J [b ) i^rr Eys = — . mjtx Hys = jP — |H 0 cos sm b ' f yz Hzs = H 0 cos c vfy T V I f mux ^ cos rn.BEE 3223 FINAL EXAMINATION SEMESTER/SESSION SUBJECT NAME : SEMESTER I SESSION 2009/2010 : APPLIED ELECTROMAGNETICS COURSE: 3 BEE CODE : BEE 3223 FORMULAS I M P O R T A N T E Q U A T I O N S F O R T M AND T E M O D E S T M Modes (mux ) .y z b r n = ri\ t- c^ a c for TEjnjQ modes where n ^ 0 : 2 I a c i Ite = 2Rs l >1'fa c for T E i o a m c f jc f bf b 2 2 . (mux M ^ J o S i n u nicy COS -yz jcos f nrn rmtx niiy Hys = .-mz+nz aU . b~ a~ f i^ 1 2 2 a c for TM modes: °de: / — c lTEio = bT] 2R s 2 'l i 1. mitx'i .i — E 0 cos sm 2 a h V Hzs = 0 rc r \2 -yz rnzy nre . -yz Ezs = 0 Hxs = j(3 rT H x s = f muV r .

B) .B) + cos(A .cos(A + B)] cos A cos B = ^ [cos(A . Z?nc=-jZ0cotp£ 8 .BEE 3223 a j for both TE and TM modes: a OT| d 2J1- Trigonometric Identities sin A sin B = ^ [cos(A .B)] For any plane triangle ABC: c 7 9 ? = a ~ + b -2ab(cosC) (Cosine Law) sin A sinB sinC (Sine Law) For open circuit line.

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