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Analysing the UMTS Network with 3G
3 MONTE CARLO REPORTS STATISTIC REPORTS FLAG SETTINGS 2 2 3 5 11 14 19 19 20 20 [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 1 .1 7.2 7.CONTENTS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 HISTORY INTRODUCTION ADDITION/RECONFIGURATION OF UMTS SITES EVALUATION OF PILOT COVERAGE EVALUATION OF CLUSTER PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF LOADED CLUSTER SITE/CLUSTER ACCEPTANCE 7.
All steps have been used throughout the phase 1 nominal planning and the overall process is considered the fastest possible while maintaining the necessary analysis methods. The process aims to guide engineers through the steps needed to ensure a reliable network performance.1 H ISTORY Date Version Author Summary of Changes 2 I NTRODUCTION The aim of this document is to outline the process of adding and evaluating new UMTS sites and configurations. The diagram below illustrates the steps followed: Ensure site is covering target area (Pilot Coverage) Addition/ Reconfiguration of UMTS Sites Set UMTS parameters Evaluation of Pilot Coverage Evaluation of Cluster Performance Site/Cluster Acceptance (flag settings) Ensure site/area performance at service level (Monte Carlo Simulation) Evaluation of cluster under loaded condition Ensure site/area interference is acceptable (Static Analysis) [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 2 .
Sites can then be added through the 2D view or the site database. Adding Sites From Site Database Adding Sites From Site Database [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 3 . 2˚ Rural etc) /Azimuths (0˚. MHAs etc) • UMTS propagation models Site Templates When adding sites the user can select the template that suits the needs of the environment by selecting the appropriate ‘tick box’ in the site templates window.3 A DDITION /R ECONFIGURATION OF UMTS S ITES New sites can be added according to the set templates.e 6˚ for City. If the coordinates of the new site are known it is preferable to add the site from the site database. These templates will define the basic characteristics of the sites including: • UMTS parameters • Antenna heights (average height for clutter environment) • Antennas/Downtilts (i. Site co-ordinates are stored on the property the site is located on and thus changing them requires the user to display them the site database. The setup of templates to suit all coverage/traffic environments is recommended.240˚) • UMTS Equipment (feeders.120˚.
Propagation model and height details are defined at the NodeB level whereas feeder. Note that: Antenna. UMTS Site Database [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 4 .Adding Sites From 2D View Already added sites can be modified through the site database. MHA and diversity details on the cell level.
Cell Coverage Selector Cell Coverage Display Site Coverage Selector Site Coverage Display [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 5 . Once selected the user can select the sector/site/carrier he is interested in displaying the coverage for. It is expected that various configurations (heights. The pilot coverage of a single site or sector can be done using the ‘Display Coverage for a Cell/Site’ functionalities in the 2D View. The pilot coverage is a quick method of evaluating a single site and also the effect it has on its neighbours serving areas. The aim of evaluating the single cell/site coverage is to identify the possible coverage range the cell can provide. This can be done by evaluating the sites pilot coverage. antennas.4 E VALUATION OF P ILOT C OVERAGE The first step in the acceptance of new sites is to ensure that the site covers the target area at a sufficient level according to the defined link budget. This can then be balanced with the expected traffic/area the cell/site needs to serve. downtilts etc) may be evaluated at this stage.
These can be accessed separately from the 2D view and the array manager. It is recommended that they are cleared frequently to free up memory.Note that: All cell/site arrays are archived during a session of enterprise. [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 6 .
• Once run the first time the tool will keep in memory the Carrier and Filter selected. The user needs to define the filter that contains the sites he needs to evaluate and the carrier layer to run the prediction on. Note that: • The tool will only predict the sites of the filter that are displayed in the selected 2D view.Once the individual site coverage is evaluated the user can then use the pilot coverage wizard to observe the coverage of the new added site with relation to its neighbour coverage. The user can then use the buttons on the 2D view to run the pilot coverage for the sites displayed in the 2D view (that are also part of the filter) 2D View Pilot coverage wizard selector Pilot coverage wizard menu 2 Pilot coverage wizard menu 1 Pilot coverage wizard menu 4 Pilot coverage wizard menu 4 [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 7 .
2D View Pilot Coverage Shortcuts 2D View Select Output selector The aim of evaluating the site/cell coverage with its neighbours is to observe the possible service area definitions resulting from the chosen site configuration. • Cell Service Area Definitions This array can help users identify areas of non-dominance and oversized cell areas.Note that: • Using the pilot coverage buttons on the 2D view automatically displays the preferred coverage array of the user. Oversized cells would result in possible capacity issues when observing loaded conditions. It is necessary to balance the service areas of neighbouring cells in accordance to the environment they serve and the expected traffic they will handle. It is necessary to maintain the required service level Ec but at the same time suppressing it as much as possible. From the resulting array it is beneficial to observe the following • Area Coverage Requirement Observation of the signal levels in the area. outdoor) on the various clutter types can reveal any remaining coverage holes. Overlaying this array at the various design levels (city. Nondominance areas are potential areas of very high interference and pilot pollution. residential. It is necessary to minimise these areas by making sure that cells are well defined. The preferred array can be selected in the array setting. In conjunction with the [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 8 .
Pilot Strength Array Setting Pilot Strength and Clutter Plot Best Server and Clutter Plot [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 9 .array settings set and individual environment coverage criteria will only display service areas within the defined range.
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[Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 11 . • No traffic raster needs to be selected. Similarly to the pilot coverage wizard the static analysis will evaluate the area displayed in the 2D view and the sites within it (and the filter).5 E VALUATION OF C LUSTER P ERFORMANCE Once the planner is happy with the individual cell/site coverage a cluster can be evaluated in terms of interference. This can be done using the static analysis. Only the carrier arrays are necessary for the evaluation. The steps below show the necessary settings. Static Analysis wizard menu 1 Static Analysis wizard menu 2 Static Analysis wizard menu 3 Static Analysis wizard menu 4 Note that: • Selecting the same resolution as the prediction resolution is preferred so that the tool does not require to convert the predictions.
These are a measure of the interference experienced by a cell in relation to the interference generated from within the cell and outside the cell. [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 12 . It is necessary to balance service areas and to ensure that the cells are covering according to the link budget. This is an indication of the interference in the region and possible pilot pollution.The static analysis can be used in the following to evaluate the cluster performance: • Static Analysis – Nth Best Ec/Io & Static Analysis – Number of Pilot Polluters This array can help observe the performance of the 4th best server Ec/Io. Note that: Due to the unloaded network the results of the Ec/Io can be expected to be 2-3dB optimistic. It can be observed that this will be intensified in the handover regions. FRE Array Settings FRE Array Results • Best Server by Pilot – Pilot Coverage – Pilot Strength Similarly to the pilot coverage above can help evaluate the coverage areas of sites and the pilot signals. It is this preferable to set the threshold of the array to -12dB (15 is the theoretical service level requirement) Nth best Ec/Io Settings Number of Pilot Polluters Settings • Static Analysis – DL FRE & Static Analysis – DLi This array can help observe the DL frequency reuse efficiency and downlink interference ratio.
It points out all the cells that are serving a specific pixel showing the order of Ec/Io or Pilot Strength. All Servers with Ec/Io 4 best Server All servers Settings th • Pixel Analyser The pixel analyser details the server information of the selected pixel on the 2D view.• All servers Array The all servers provides detailed information about cells on a pixel by pixel basis. The way the information is displayed can be selected from the Array Settings Array Shot Array Setting Shot [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 13 . This in conjunction with the above arrays and the pixel analyser can be a powerful tool in debugging areas suspected of poor performance.
The steps are sown below: Array Manager Window Raster to Load Selectot Terminal Type to Associate Selected Raster Loaded Terminal Type on 2d View [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 14 . Traffic is stored on the X:\ Drive under X:\UMTS Nominal Plan\WorkingArea\TrafficRaster. To load the traffic the user must use the array manager.6 E VALUATION OF L OADED C LUSTER To evaluate the loaded network performance it is necessary to load the traffic and use the monte carlo simulator.
The reliability of the results depends on this. [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 15 .Once the traffic is loaded the Monte Carlo Simulator will analyse the network Performance Monte Carlo Simulator Area Selector Monte Carlo Simulator Selector Monte Carlo Simulator Settings Monte Carlo Simulator Filter Selector Monte Carlo Simulator Rater Selector Monte Carlo Simulator Scanning Selector Note that: • The passive scan needs to be disabled.
• It is also useful to set the simulator to save a backup of the simulaton every 60-120 minutes while running. It is recommended that monte carlo simulations are run over night performing over 100000 snapshots. • Coverage Probability Per Service This array can help observe the performance of each of the designed services. Coverage Probability Plot Coverage Probability Settings [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 16 . Similarly to the static analysis the monte carlo simulation arrays can be used to evaluate the network performance.Once the monte carlo simulator is loaded the control panel is visible. Here the user can define the number of snapshots required and also to review and change the simulation properties. It is necessary that the network performs within the design specifications. In addition to the useful arrays described in the static analysis section the monte carlo creates service arrays. Note that: • The larger number of snapshots run the better.
By defining the design threshold in the settings of the array the user can see the main reason for failure.• Reason For Failure Per Service This array can help observe the reasons why the service is failing. The array needs to be defined to run at the design threshold. Reason For Failure Settings Reason For Failure Plot • Path Balance Array Similarly with the reason for failure the array points out if the failure reason is due to UL or DL problems. Path Balance Settings Path Balance Settings [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 17 .
Probability of Failure Arrays • Handover Arrays These arrays are useful for the observation of the handover patterns. Once the main reasons for failure aer established these can be used for further analysis.• Probability of Failure Arrays These arrays are useful for the observation of each of the failure causes. Probability of Failure Arrays [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 18 .
• Cell Uplink Performance Very useful report for the identification of cells suffering from interference. Note that: Cells may be suffering low FRE due to their location and the relative level of traffic carried by their neighbours. The report details on a cell basis the loading and FRE.7 S ITE /C LUSTER A CCEPTANCE Various reports can help finalise the analysis of the network performance and move towards site/cluster acceptance. Monte Carlo Reports Monte Carlo Reports List • Composite Report Provides a summary of the simulation results including overall coverage probability and breakdown of all the reasons for failure. 7. [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 19 .1 Monte Carlo Reports The Monte Carlo simulator generates a set of reports defined below.
All available arrays in each of the analysis methods described above can be analysed to generate statistics based upon user defined thresholds.7.3 Flag Settings Once the site is accepted it is vital to set various flags.2 Statistic Reports Statistic reports are based on the results displayed in the 2D View. [Enter Doc Ref No] [Enter Any Security Classification] Page 20 . Statistical Reports Statistical Reports Area Selector Statistical Reports Array/Threshold Selector Statistical Reports Polygon 7. Additionally users can define polygons which the statistics need to be calculated for.
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