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THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
Simple Present is also called “Present Simple.” The Simple Present expresses an action in the present taking place once, never or several times. It is also used for actions that take place one after another and for actions that are set by a timetable or schedule. The Simple Present also expresses facts in the present. EXAMPLES: • • • I never go out for lunch when it’s weekend and I have some money. My neighbor Mary loves going to the beach in the summer. It snows a lot in Alaska when it is winter.
Subject I You She/He/It We/You/They Affirmative study knit jumps sing Negative don’t study don’t knit doesn’t jump don’t sing Yes/No Questions Do I study? Do you knit? Does she jump? Do we sing? Information Questions What do I study? How do you knit? Who jumps? What time do we sing?
• Use Simple Present with the Verb “to be” too:
Valerie and Joseph are really good friends since they were little kids. PRACTICING GRAMMAR
A) Which answers are correct? Check. Example: He works on the computer. - He does not work on the computer. 1) Which sentences/questions are in the Simple Present? Do you speak Spanish? He's 15. I'm in room 201. She didn't help her mother. She doesn't like milk. She drives a car. We are reading a book. 3) Mr. Smith teaches French. 2) I run to school. 1) Anne and Sue carry a box.
2) Which of the following words are used with the Simple Present? always at the moment every day now often sometimes yesterday
Example: where / they / to have / breakfast
Where do they have breakfast?
1) Marie and Joe / to like / homework
2) Frank / to read / comics
3) what / they / to eat / for breakfast 3) Which verb forms go with the Simple Present? Infinitive Infinitive + -ed Infinitive + -ing Infinitive + s have + Infinitive + -ed 1) She summer. (to fly) to Menorca every Example: He never writes a letter.
Fill in the verbs in brackets into the gaps.
Negate the sentences. 2) Jill two children. (to have)
He will read a book. 7) His friend __________ to school. E) Which sentences/questions are correct? a) does 1) Which negative sentence is in the Simple Present? He do not reads a book.a) watch 3) The boys games. a) am 1) Mandy and Susan _________ films every weekend. He not read a book. (not/to play) computer b) watches 2) The girls __________ the shopping. He reads a book. He is reading a book. He read a book. 4) ______ I correct? a) am b) is c)are 3) Which question is in the Simple Present? Do she work in an office? Do she works in an office? Does she work in an office? Work she in an office? Works she in an office? 5) Every morning my mother __________ at 6 o'clock. He does not read a book. F) Fill in the correct verb forms. b) is c)are a) go b) goes . a) likes b) like 3) Do you___________ milk in your tea? b) do 2) Which sentence is in the Simple Present? He has read a book. He is not reading a book. a) get up b) gets up 6) It _________ a beautiful day today.
J) Make questions. 1. → She writes a letter. 2. → Danny phones his father on Sundays. 3. 4. 1. Janet never (to wear) __________ jeans. 3. Black ____________ e-mails in a) washes b) wash the evenings. → I speak Italian. Which is not a signal word for simple present? never already usually 5.. 5. I (to like) __________ lemonade very much. 2. a) write 9) John often ____________ handball. You (to do) ____________ your homework after school. → 2. b) writes 3 H) Put the verbs into the correct form. you / to speak / English → 1. where / she / to ride / her bike → We (to wash) once a day. when / he / to go / home → I (to listen) every day. 4.. to music 2. they / to clean / the bathroom → Simon (to collect) stamps. The girls always (to listen) __________ to pop music. 3. They are eleven. 1.. 5. I) Make negative sentences. My father makes breakfast.. b) play 10) Mr. 4. the dishes 4. 5. → 4. Which is a signal word for simple present? now last Monday often Which is a signal word for simple present? sometimes yesterday at the moment 3. 3. Which is not a signal word for simple present? Listen! seldom first . . Billy / to work / in the supermarket → K) Find the signal words for simple present. 2. then . Mr Smith (to teach) ___________ Spanish and French. My mother always (to make) breakfast. L) Put the verbs into the correct form.a) plays 8) Andy ____________ the family car. Which is a signal word for simple present? last Friday next Friday every Friday 1.
Danny goes to school from Monday to Friday. The referee usually (to stop) the game after 90 minutes. 4.she say . → 1. → O) Write the third person singular. This isn't my cup of tea. b) every week c) yesterday a) now We don't use a computer. can . 1. 8. → a)usually 4. 3. _________________ we spend our holidays in Ireland. Hungary. We play volleyball ______________________. Jamie cycles to work __________________. 5. They always (to throw) their litter in the bin. 4. Andrew's new mountain bike costs $1000.he go . Jenny is never late. → a)on fridays b) now c) next year They are from Budapest. 250 N) Rewrite the sentences in the short form (where the long form is given) or in the long form (where the short form is given). → 5. b) in a week c) right now I speak English ______________________. 3. 3. This car can (to do) km/h. → 2. b) next month c) twice a week a)this week . → The children like cats because they are nice.she kiss . The kids (to hurry) open their presents. Mr Williams often (to teach) the dogs new tricks. 5. She has a nice mobile. → 3.5. Note 4 to that sometimes there are exceptions in spelling. 4. 2. 9. 7. b) at the moment c) last night a)now 6. My rabbit has a cage in the garden. → M) Put the verbs into the correct form. 2. → 2. Sarah usually (to meet) Maria at the tennis club.he cry . 5. 1. I go to the cinema _________________. 10. 1.he P) Choose the correct signal word. Johnny does not swim in the lake.
Elizabeth is buying new clothes next month when she gets paid. EXAMPLES: • • • I am reading this sentence right now. The Present Continuous puts emphasis on the course or duration of an action.Top Notch Fundamentals “Tenses Review” Material developed by Gabriela Feeney 5 THE PRESENT CONTINOUOS TENSE INTRODUCTION: It is also called “The Present Progressive Tense”. It is used for actions going on in the moment of speaking and for actions taking place only for a short period of time. . The BNA08 class is studying English from Monday to Friday at 9:40. It is also used to express development and actions that are arranged for the near future.
STRUCTURES: Subject Affirmative Negative Yes/No Questions Information Questions .
4) She is sitting on the chair. He is reading a book. I reading a comic now.I You She/He/It We/You/They am playing are sewing is eating are cooking am not playing are not sewing is not eating are not cooking Am I playing? Are you sewing? Is he eating? Are they cooking? Where am I playing? What are you sewing? Who is eating? When are they cooking? PRACTICING GRAMMAR A) Fill in the correct verb forms. 1) I ____________ sending a text message. He is going to read a book. 5) We are playing a game. I' m reading a comic now. 3) Which question is in the Present Progressive? Does he sing in the bathroom? Is he singing in the bathroom? Singing he in the bathroom? 4) Which sentence is in the Present Progressive? He has read a book. 3) The teacher ___________ checking the homework. 1) The baby is crying. 1 C) Form short forms/contracted forms. 1) she is wearing B) Which sentences/questions are correct? 1) In which sentence is the Present Progressive used correctly? Andrew am washing the dishes. 2) Which sentence is in the Present Progressive? I am reading a comic now. .He is not playing on the computer. 2) We ____________ making sandwiches. I'm reading a comic now. Andrew are washing the dishes. 7) He is making pizza right now. Andrew is washing the dishes. 4) George ______________ wearing a pullover today. Example: he is writing . 2) I am washing my hair. He read a book. D) Negate the sentences. .he's writing 3) You are listening to music. 2) he is repairing 3) we are playing 4) it is raining He reads a book. 6) I'm drawing a picture. Example: He is playing on the computer.
H) He is eating. (to G) Rewrite the sentences using the short forms (where long forms are given) or the long forms (where short forms are given).8) Susan and her brother are taking photos. 2. 2. She's not hurrying. 5) Look! Andy ______________________ in the garden. Matthew is making a mistake. - 1. 5. 3. We are not riding. - 10) My sister (to clean) bathroom. 18) They (to choose) airline. 12) I (to wait) in the car now. 9) Dad is working in the kitchen. 4. F) Write questions in present progressive. - 19) Listen! Tom (to make) call. (to watch) 7) We _________________________ a book. - . a bath right now. I am driving. (to go) the picnic basket. (to read) 8) She __________________________ the piano. 11) We are travelling in an old van. 12) I'm getting ready for school. 16) I (to draw) a picture. a cheap 14) My father is smoking a cigarette. 13) Mrs Miller (to listen) to CDs. (to Robin / to ride / his bike where / she / to go what / your mother / to do / now - 2. 1) Listen! Pete and Joe scream) 2) I 3) I 4) Timmy pack) . Example: He is writing a letter now. (sing) 1. - 15) The dog (to attack) the cat. English at the 10) She's selling fruit. Linda is knocking at the door. 6. a phone E) Fill in the verbs in brackets into the gaps. the Ask for the information given in bold print. 14) We (to speak) moment. (to work) 6) I ______________________ TV at the moment. (to have) to the pet shop. - 17) My mother (to wave) at me. (play) 9) Listen! Sue and John_____________________ . 1. 13) The thieves are robbing the bank. You're telling great jokes. 11) Look! They (to go) inside. 3.
I am going to move to London soon. I am living in London now. Choose the correct answer. - I am in London only for a limited period of time. 4. .Is the sentence correct even if I am not working at the moment of speaking? yes no 2. c) Listen. - 1. He is playing football. 1. The action is taking place now. I'm making the new tree house at the moment. . Which of the following words is a signal word for an action taking place in the moment of speaking? now next week often 3. Which of the following words cannot be a signal word for an arranged action taking place in the near future? tomorrow last night this evening 5.3. . b) Yesterday. 1.Which of the following situations is expressed by the present progressive? They are in the middle of the action. She is driving the Porsche carefully. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) K) bake swim say travel lie 2. 3. They will come back to this place one day. J) Write the ing form of the verbs. they are playing our song on the radio. 5. . 3 but only for a limited period of time. Which of the following words is a signal word for an action taking place in the moment of speaking? Look! two days ago every Friday 5. Which of the following words is not a signal word for an action taking place in the moment of speaking? at the moment Listen! never 4.Which situation cannot be expressed by present progressive? To express that the match is going on right now.What does this sentence mean? I have moved to London to stay there for ever. a) every month b) tonight c) next year My brother is moving to Australia ______________. To express that he does not play football regularly. L) Choose the correct signal word. Look! The Millers are moving house. a)right now b) every day c) yesterday We are going to the theatre ______________. The action might take place. every Monday Monday next Monday last We are meeting Tom tonight. They are flying to Rome. . . The girl is watering the plants ______________. a) Look. I) Choose the correct answer. I'm working hard at the moment. Which of the following words can be a signal word for an arranged action taking place in the near future.What does this sentence mean? The action is arranged for the near future. 4. To express that he plays football regularly. The action is going to take place next week. 2. a) probably b) every day c) in a week 4. 3.
my cell phone rang. EXAMPLES: • • • Mark fixed his car twice last month. I was watching a scary movie and suddenly. a every Friday b) this week c) often Top Notch Fundamentals “Tenses Review” Material developed by Gabriela Feeney 4 THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE INTRODUCTION: The Simple Past expresses an action in the past taking place once.5. Greg is walking to work ________________. I got home. SIMPLE PRESENT FUTURE SIMPLE PAST STRUCTURES: Subject Affirmative Negative Yes/No Questions Information . It can also be used for actions taking place one after another or in the middle of another action. took a shower and went to bed. Last night.
5) go → Example: when / he / to visit / his uncle When did he visit his uncle? 6) 7) 8) 9) come → 1) where / your father / to repair / the kite buy → have → do → leave → sell → bring → shut → spend → 2) how / they / to ride / their bikes 3) why / Julia / to ask / questions 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 4) to be / the boys / in the sun C) Which answers are correct? 1) Which verb forms are in the Simple Past? Infinitive + -s Infinitive + -d .you B) Form questions in the Simple Past.we 19) 4) You live .I You She/He/It We/You/They saw wrote practiced put didn’t see didn’t write didn’t practice didn’t put Did I see? Did you write ? Did he practice? Did we put? Questions What did I see? When did you write? Who practiced? Where did we put? REMEMBER: • Use Simple Past with the Verb “to be” too.we 3) We cycle .he 2) We arrive . 1 15) 16) 17) 18) feel → cost → drive → catch → feed → 1) He tries . PRACTICING GRAMMAR A) Use the verbs in the Simple Past. Those boys were my classmates when I was in ninth grade.
The candle does not burn. We move house. We open the door. He crosses the street. They catch the ball. They repeat the question. → 13. → . has Steven forgot his homework. She read a book. → 11. → 7. → 8. → E) What is the correct Verb “to be” Simple Past form? 1) she __________ 2) it ____________ 3) we ___________ 4) you __________ F) Put the sentences into simple past. played was were 3) Which verb forms are correct? lived liveed planed planned tried tryed 4) Which sentences/questions are in the Simple Past? He didn't learn for school.Infinitive + -ed was/were + Infinitive + -ing 2) Which verb forms are in the Simple Past? had They didn't sing a song. 4) In which sentence is the Simple Past used correctly? Steven forgetted his homework. You write poems. → 9. 5. Does she practice her English? → 4. Kerry does not speak English. plaied Steven forgots his homework. She was in Hamburg. Do you see the bird? → 6. I fell from the tree. They don't sang a song. → D) Which sentences/questions are correct? 1) Which sentence is in the Simple Past? She has read a book. 2) In which sentence is the Simple Past used correctly? The hotel room was very nice. 3) Which negative sentence is in the Simple Past? They didn’t sing a song. We were watching a film. The hotel room were very nice. Richard plays in the garden. She hugs her little brother. → 2. The snowman melts in the sun. 15. Do they chat in a forum? → 14. 1. I've found a pen. → 3. She reads a book. → 12. They do not sell furniture. → 10.
It _________ the right thing to do. 10. not / we / our punishment / escape The boy read a book. 13. 2. G) Write sentences in simple past. Jim / his head / cover she / the chapter / copy not / the clouds / disappear 10. The children played in the 12. The shop ___________ open. Lisa and James __________ at home. He paid the bill. 3. 7. He ____________ in trouble. 6. 5. 8. 8. 13. 7.5. 15. 3. The house burnt down. My father and I ____________ in the car. 14. we / the game / lose They welcomed the new pupil I) “Was“ or “Were“? not / I / early / get up 1. 4. He hurt his leg because he was not careful. 9. The book _____________ on the table. 12. not / Jeff and Linda / home / cycle 2. 3 4. 11. 9. 13. 8. 11. The children respected their teacher. The teacher pointed to the board. The men __________ very strong. she / a friend / phone not / Andy / the ball / pass 9. Janet / the bus / miss she / her room / tidy not / Rupert / the number / dial 6. 4. He clicked the mouse button. 12. You ___________ very clever. You __________ in Australia last year. Billy ate an apple. H) Ask for the bold part of the sentence. 3. 2. garden. . he / to our question / refer Laura came home at six o'clock. I ________ hungry. 15. you / cards / play The girl wrote five letters. They felt good. Charly Chaplin _________ a famous actor. She ________ not there. Robby Robber robbed a bank. The weather __________ great. 14. 1. 1. 7. 10. 6. 11. 5. My friends swam in the lake. I / a car / want warmly.
“Will” future expresses a spontaneous decision.14. an assumption with regard to the future. It’s going to rain. 15. EXAMPLES: • • I’m going to study harder next year. The cars _____________ new. . Top Notch Fundamentals “Tenses Review” Material developed by Gabriela Feeney 4 THE FUTURE TENSE INTRODUCTION: “Going to” future expresses a conclusion regarding the immediate future or an action in the near future that has already been planned or prepared. The sky is absolutely dark. a promise or an action in the future that cannot be influenced. George Washington _____________ the first US president. It is used to talk about “possibilities”.
He will probably come back tonight. I promise you I won’t… It seems like it will rain tomorrow.EXAMPLES: • • • • Wait! I will help you to carry those bags. I will not drink this weekend. SIMPLE PRESENT SIMPLE PAST FUTURE STRUCTURES: 1 “GOING TO”: Subject I You She/He/It We/You/They Affirmative am going to dance are going to exercise is going to cut are going to clean Negative am not going to dance are not going to exercise is not going to cut are not going to clean Information Questions Am I going to Where am I dance? going to dance? Are you going to What time are exercise? you going to exercise? Is she going to cut? Who is going to cut? Are they going to When are they clean? going to clean? Yes/No Questions “WILL”: Subject I Affirmative will garden Negative will not garden Yes/No Questions Will I garden? Information Questions When will I garden? .
this is only used in spoken English. Sophie and Nick his friend. (to the bottle of water. Tomorrow it rain) TV. (to her boss next week. (to 1. (to go) 4. . Jane 6. Lots of accidents this job. Use the going to-future. (to visit) my homework after school. They 7. (to phone) a new computer game. He 2. (to have) to the office. Hey John! Wait a minute. (to arrive) this exercise. (to write) 8. I do) 10. 1. I with you. (to 3. (to contact) a word 12 next Monday. He 9. (to watch) 2. She to the bus stop this 5. I think you a letter to his uncle 6. PRACTICING GRAMMAR 2 A) Put in the verbs in brackets into the gaps and form sentences. We play) 3. My friend a picnic next Tuesday. His brother today. You have) 5. Use the will-future.You She/He/It We/You/They will drive will keep will speak will not drive will not keep will not speak Will you drive? Will she keep? Will you speak? Who will drive? What will she keep? What language will you speak? REMEMBER: You can also use “won’t” as a contraction of “will not”. (to get) at about 6 pm. (to walk) 7. My sister 4. But remember. She 9. B) Put in the verbs in brackets into the gaps and form sentences. The teacher explain) 8. (to be) in the north-west. (to drop) in that weather. They afternoon. (to (to meet) her aunt. (to her friends.
We 10. (they / drink / beer) ____________________________ 9. to Venice in June. Use will-future or going to-future. (they / study / hard)___________________________ a party next week. (to arrive) 6. They 3. (I / answer / the question) _______________________ 7. (to 10. (we / send / the postcard) _______________________ 10. (to buy) 8. (to (we / cook / dinner tonight)______________________ 5. 6. (they / eat / fish) ______________________________ 9. (the computer / crash) _________________________ a new computer. (to fly) soon. (to have) at about 4 in the 1. (to 4. 1.happen) 10. Marvin throw) 9. Just a moment. C) Put in the verbs in brackets into the gap. (to 7. They afternoon. (they / change / their clothes)___________________ 4. (James / open / the door) _______________________ F) Write questions in will future. my mother like) 4. (they / move / house) _________________________ 2. (she / give / him / the apple)_____________________ 1. 3 (Vanessa / catch / the ball)______________________ 6. (we / listen / to the radio)________________________ 8. (I / celebrate / my birthday this year) ______________ D) Write negative sentences in will future. (to E) Write negative sentences in going to future. Look at the clouds! It rain) 15 next Wednesday. I bags. (we / get up early / next Sunday)________________ 5. Philipp be) 2. (she / stay / with Amy)_________________________ 3. (I / sell / my car)______________________________ you with the 2. a baby. In 2020 people cars. (to help) 7. (you / ask / him)________________________ . She scream) if you show her the spider. (she / read / the book) __________________________ 8. I think. (he / help / us)_______________________________ more hybrid 3. Paul's sister 5. (to get) this CD. (she / clean / her room)______________________ 1.
(Jenny / lock / the door)__________________ 1. (the teacher / test / our English)____________ 3. I am sure he (stand) ____________________ on the platform when we take the station. 9. (it / rain)______________________________ 2. (when / she / be / back)__________________ 5. Beth (dance)_______________________ by herself. (who / drive / us / into town) ______________ (you / carry / that heavy box) _______________ 6. (what / you / do)_______________________ (he / play football / tomorrow)_______________ 9. this time they won't be doing the same things.2. (what / they / eat)_______________________ 4. (you / run / in the race)__________________ 4. (Lucy / call / a taxi)________________________ G) Write questions in going to future. 7. (you / sing / a song / for us)_________________ H) Complete these conversation with Will or Going to Future. . 10. (where / we / meet)_____________________ (Peter / fall in love)________________________ 4 7. (when / I / be / famous)_________________ (we / eat / fish / tonight)____________________ 8. 10. (they / climb / that mountain)_____________ 5. Sam (make)__________________ drinks. Sandra: And then what? Marcus: We (pick) ______________________ Michele up at work and go out for dinner. and Thad (complain) _______________________ about his day at work. Sandra: Where is Tim going to meet us? Marcus: He (wait) ___________________ for us when our train arrives. 8. (he / cook dinner / tonight)_______________ 3. Ted: When we get to the party. Jerry (watch) ______________________ TV. Robin: Maybe. (she / exercise / at the gym / in the afternoon) __________________________________ 6.
Darren: While you are luxuriating on the beach. Can't you take me with you? Samantha: No. Nancy: I (call)____________________ you if there are any problems. How are you going to enjoy yourself knowing that I am working so hard? Samantha: I’ll manage somehow. Doug: If you need to contact me next week. that (make) ___________________ me feel much better. I (stress) ___________________ out over this marketing project.Ted: I am absolutely sure they (do) ___________________ the same things. Florence: Oh. Florence: Thanks. Darren: Great. But I (send) ______________________ you a postcard of a beautiful. white sand beach. Doug: This is the first time that I will be away from the kids.. they always do the same things. look at that mountain of dirty dishes! Who (wash)____________________ all of those? Jack: I promise I (do)___________________ them when I get home from work. I (stay) ____________________ at the Hoffman Hotel. 5 . they (be) __________________ be fine. I (lie) ___________________ on a tropical beach in Maui drinking Mai Tais and eating pineapple. Nancy: Don't worry. Jack: When you get home this evening. that mountain won’t be there and nice stacks of sparkling clean dishes (be) ____________________ settled in the cabinets. next week at this time. Samantha: Just think. Darren: You're terrible.
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