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Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

SINGAPORE to HONG KONG

P1 REV 01 SEQ 001

Full flight approximately 3 hours 45 minutes Optional diversion to Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam approximately 2 hours

This tutorial covers: Flying the PSS 340-300, from cold and dark cockpit through to final shutdown Obtaining and interpreting METAR weather information for added realism Amending the flight plan enroute, using direct to and selected navigation modes Jettisoning excess fuel to remain under Maximum Landing Weight Converting FS2004 ATIS altimeter readings from Inches of Mercury to Hectopascals (QNH)

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

SINGAPORE to HONG KONG

P2 REV 01 SEQ 001

SINGAPORE (WSSS) TO HONG KONG (VHHH)

*
Tutorial Flight for the Phoenix Simulation Software Airbus A340-300 This tutorial replicates the weekly Cathay Pacific A340-300 flight number CX734 from Singapore (Changi International) to Hong Kong (Chek Lap Kok International). The flight leaves Singapore each Wednesday evening. In reality the flight departs at 6:15 p.m. local time, but so that we can enjoy the sunset enroute well depart before dusk, by bringing the departure time forward to 4:15 p.m. Well make a night arrival at Hong Kongabout 3 hours 45 minutes laterat approximately 8:00 p.m. local time. By all means, fly the real flight timings if you prefer. The tutorial assumes you have had some practice at the basics of operating the PSS Airbus family of aircraft for FS2002 and FS2004. If not, it is recommended that you complete the Toronto Pearson (CYYZ) to Chicago O'Hare (KORD) A330 tutorial available at the PSS website. You might also like to try my PSS A330-200 tutorial Sydney to Melbourne, Australia. Download from: www.avsim.com/pss/manuals/a330_qantas_tutorial_v2.zip. Unlike the above tutorial, this flight starts with a Cold and Dark Cockpit with no engines or aircraft systems running. If you have the panel configuration set up with Start with a Cold and Dark Cockpit unchecked, open the Panel Configuration Utility and check this option to go through the whole startup procedure. Alternatively, if you prefer you can begin the flight with the engines and other systems fired upjust skip over the sections dealing with the startup procedure. Prefer a shorter flight? For those of you who would prefer a shorter tutorial flight, I have included an optional enroute diversion to Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon) in Vietnam. If you wish to take this option (which might be due to, say, a medical emergency with a passenger) the diverted flight will take about 2 hours in total. It will also provide practice at modifying the flight plan enroute, jettisoning fuel to adjust our landing weight, and using selected vertical and horizontal navigation modes to comply with ATC directions, in the absence of a Standard Arrival Route (STAR) for the diversion airport. Whichever option you choose (or both), enjoy the flight! John Cantwell Canberra, Australia john@fsadventures.net
* The image at the top of this page is from the Cathay Pacific Airways website. The use of this image does not imply any form of endorsement or support for this flight simulation tutorial by Cathay Pacific Airways.

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

LOAD EDIT UTILITY FUEL PLANNER UTILITY

P3 REV 01 SEQ 001

Start the A330/A340 Load Editor Utility Set Imperial (lbs) Click on A340-300 tab, airline livery of your choice Passengers 3 classes First 8 Business 30 Economy 205 Cargo 0 (zero) Baggage 28000

Note: This is the real cabin configuration Cathay Pacific use on this aircraft, on this route.

This gives: ZFW of 332957 lbs (332.9 k/lbs) Max Fuel of 250446 lbs (250.4 k/lbs) Start the A340 Fuel Planner Utility Set units to pounds (lbs) Route distance = 1400 Alternate distance = 450 APU time = 30 Taxi time = 30 Holding time = 30 Route contingency = 60 Additional reserves = 10000 Altitude = 370 Prevailing winds = 0 Enter ZFW of 332957 Confirm the A334-300 button is checked Press Calculate Required Fuel This gives: Taxi weight = 419856 Takeoff weight = 414614 (414.6 k/lbs) Landing weight = 351275 (351.2 k/lbs) Total fuel load = 86900 (86.9 k/lbs) which will be our BLOCK value Check against A340-300 max takeoff weight of 597500 lbs (597.5 k/lbs) OK Check against A340-300 max landing weight of 418900 lbs (418.9 k/lbs) OK

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

FS2004 SETUP

P4 REV 01 SEQ 001

Start FS2004 Select the PSS A340-300, with the livery of your choice (I flew the Cathay Pacific livery) Make these selections: Location Changi Singapore (WSSS) GATE F 40 Heavy Time of day Day (Wednesday) 3:50 p.m. local time (0950 UTC) to allow time for start-up, taxi, etc, prior to a 4:15 departure Weather Set any weather you like. The Building Storms theme would work well in this tropical location, although a Clear Skies or Fair Weather theme will allow you to see the sights a little better. I downloaded real-world weather on-line through FS2004. I also obtained real-world weather for both Singapore and Hong Kong from the global weather service at http://weather.noaa.gov/weather/metar.shtml before takeoff. Here are the METAR reports for both locations: METAR for Singapore 1550 (local)
22nd day 0950 UTC Visibility greater than 10 kms Temp 29C / Dew point 26C 29/26 Q1009 NOSIG QNH 1009 Equals 84F / 78F No significant weather expected in the next 2 hours

WSSS 220950Z 24008KT 9999 FEW030 Wind 240 degrees at 8 knots

Clouds Few at 3000 ft

Equals 29.80 inches Hg

METAR for Hong Kong 1550 (local)


VHHH 220950Z 250003KT 7000 SKC 26/18 Q1013 NOSIG

You can replicate the Singapore weather in FS2004 if you wish. Regardless of the weather you set, well assume that ATC assigns us to 20L even if there is some crosswind. Fuel Settings set Display fuel as weight then set: Left tank 38% Centre tank 31% Right tank 38% Click FLY NOW!

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

COCKPIT PREPARATION

P5 REV 01 SEQ 001

Initial Cockpit Preparation (from a Cold and Dark cockpit) Open the pedestal (click on the brightness knobs or press Shift+5) Confirm PARKING BRAKE is SET Confirm THROTTLE at IDLE Close the pedestal Open the overhead panel (keypad 5) Select BAT 1 and 2 to ON Select APU BAT to ON Press EXT A for external power Press EXT B for second external power Check BAT levels (approx 27 volts) for BAT 1, 2 and APU BAT using battery selector Leave battery selector switch on BAT 1 Set all fuel tanks to ON click both L INR TANK, both CTR TANK, both R INR TANK Set NAVIGATION/LOGO lights to ON Set BEACON to OFF Set STROBES to OFF If necessary, set INT LT (interior lights, next to APU panel) to ON (or press Shift+L) Click APU MASTER SWITCH to ON Click APU START monitor lower ECAM on main panel, when APU AVAIL Click APU GEN to ON Click APU BLEED to ON confirm on lower ECAM APU page Set EXT A and B to AVAIL Turn SEATBELT SIGNS to ON Turn NO SMOKING to ON Confirm air conditioning PACK 1 and 2 are ON Close the overhead panel Check GEAR LEVER is DOWN (ECAM & main panel handle position and 4 green) Open the pedestal Check FLAPS are UP (confirm in ECAM) Check SPEED BRAKE at RET Set mode selector on the TRANSPONDER panel to STBY Press CLR on the transponder panel, enter a four digit code (assume assigned by ATC) Close the pedestal

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

MCDU

P6 REV 01 SEQ 001

MCDU Setup Open the MCDU (click on small MCDU screen on the main panel or Shift+4) MCDU will open on INIT page Enter WSSS/VHHH for FROM/TO LSK1R Enter RCTP (Chiang Kai Shek International, Taiwan) in ALTN LSK2R Enter CX734 for FLT NBR LSK3L Confirm COST INDEX is 50 LSK5L Enter 370 for CRZ FL LSK6L (well cruise at 37,000 feet) Press ALIGN IRS LSK3R

Note: This isnt the destination well use for the optional diversion to make the flight shorter. This is our planned alternate airfield.

Our route will be from Singapore via a Standard Instrument Departure (SID), then along a high altitude airway taking us past Malaysia, Vietnam and over the South China Sea, before joining a Standard Arrival Route (STAR) to land at Hong Kong on runway 25L. NOTE Well use the VMR3B SID procedure from Changi Intl Runway 20L. This involves an initial climb on the runway heading then a left climbing turn to the VTK (Tekong) VOR. From VTK we turn left to track northwest for about 24 nautical miles before turning due north to the VMR (Mersing) VOR, which is the completion of the SID. Here we join the high altitude airway to begin our first leg to Hong Kong.

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

MCDU

P7 REV 01 SEQ 001

WSSS Runway 20L VMR3B Standard Instrument Departure

Press F-PLAN Press FROM WSSS LSK1L Press DEPARTURE LSK1L Press the LSK next to 20L LSK1L (dont select 02L by mistake!) Under SIDS scroll to VMR3B Press the LSK next to VMR3B to select this SID Press INSERT

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

MCDU

P8 REV 01 SEQ 001

Scroll the flight plan so you can see the new VMR waypoint Press the LSK next to VMR to open the Lateral Revision page Enter L642/ENBOK (L642 is the high level airway well be using, as far as ENBOK) Click on VIA/GO TO LSK2R Press INSERT NOTE We will now setup a DUMOL 1B ARRIVAL to Runway 25L, for an ILS intercept from the south east via TD (Tung Lung) VOR, illustrated below.

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

MCDU

P9 REV 01 SEQ 001

Press DEST VHHH LSK6L Press ARRIVAL LSK1R Select 25L ILS LSK4L Select DUMO1B (short for DUMOL 1B) LSK5L Press INSERT Press CLR key and then use it to clear any DISCONTINUITIES in the flight plan NOTE As you scroll through the flight plan note that the MCDU has automatically set an ALT CSTR of FL260 at ACORN, and a further ALT CTSR of FL130 plus a speed restriction of 250 knots at MANGO, in accordance with the descent planning notes for this STAR (not included here). The completed plan should read: WSSS20L D203H 3000 VTK D338X VMR ROBMO EGOLO VEPLI ENREP ESPOB CS ELSAS PTH KARAN VEPAM EXOTO EGEMU EPKAL ENBOK DUMOL ACORN BAKER MANGO TD CF25L VHHH25L

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

MCDU

P10 REV 01 SEQ 001

Select EFIS display control to PLAN Set display range to 160 Press F-PLAN on MCDU Scroll through the flight plan using the scroll arrows Monitor the route on the PLAN display Select EFIS display control back to ARC Set display range to 20 Press DATA Press SAVE ROUTE LSK1R Enter WSSS-VHHH Press LSK1L Press LSK2L STORE ACTIVE F_PLAN Check route is saved (confirmation message at bottom of MCDU screen) Press CLR to clear the scratchpad Press RAD NAV Confirm that VOR1/FREQ at LSK1L has auto-tuned (in small font) to VTK/116.50 If not, enter 116.50 and press LSK1L to hard tune the frequency (probably not needed) Press INIT Press NEXT PAGE Enter 332.9 Press ZFWCG/ZFW LSK1R Enter 86.9 Press BLOCK LSK2R Confirm TOW shows approx 419.0 which is less than MTOW 507 k/lbs Confirm LW shows approx 371.0 which is less than MLW 396 k/lbs Press PERF Right click on V1, V2 and VR to calculate values (153, 160 and 160 knots respectively) Confirm TRANS ALT as 11000 Confirm RWY 20L at LSK1R Leave FLEX TO TEMP as 42 Press F-PLAN Exit the MCDU

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

PUSHBACK

P11 REV 01 SEQ 001

Pushback ATC has cleared us to pushback and start engines Open the overhead panel Set BEACON to ON Close the overhead panel Confirm DOORS closed in the lower ECAM door page (all green, press Shift+E to close doors if necessary) Press Shift+S to jump to spot view, adjust your view as required Press Shift+8 to display the upper ECAM Press . (period) to release the parking brake, confirm in ECAM display Press Shift+P to pushback (FS2004 pushback steering doesnt work in 3rd party aircraft) Note N. WHEEL STRG DISC in ECAM display as ground crew connect the tow bar When you have sufficient room to turn, press Shift+P to stop pushback Note N. WHEEL STRG DISC removed ECAM display Press CTRL+ . (CTRL+period) to set the parking brake, confirm in ECAM display Press Shift+8 to close the upper ECAM display Press S to jump back to the cockpit

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

ENGINE START

P12 REV 01 SEQ 001

NOTE We will use a cross-bleed automatic engine start using bleed air from the APU to start engine 1, then use bleed air from engine 1 to start engine 2. For a bit of variety, well then do a manual start on engines 3 and 4. Open the overhead panel Confirm all FUEL pumps are ON Confirm APU BLEED is ON Set PACKS 1 and 2 to OFF Close the overhead panel Automatic Engine Start Engines 1 and 2 Open the pedestal Set ENG mode selector to IGN/START Set ENG MASTER switch 1 to ON Close the pedestal

TIP If you dont wish to carry out the engine start drill, you can use the FS2004 auto-start feature. With the ENG mode set to IGN/START, just press CRTL+E and all four engines will start in turn. Once all four have started, go to After Start on the next page.

Monitor the N2 reading in upper ECAM for engine 1, at N2 of 20% the engine will start Monitor N1, EGT and FF as the engine stabilizes Open the overhead panel Set X-BLEED selector knob to OPEN (the white knob marked CLOSE-AUTO-OPEN) Set APU BLEED to OFF Close the overhead panel Open the pedestal Set ENG MASTER switch 2 to ON Close the pedestal Monitor the N2 reading in upper ECAM for engine 2, at N2 of 20% the engine will start Monitor N1, EGT and FF as the engine stabilizes Manual Engine Start Engines 3 and 4 Open the overhead panel Click ENG MAN START for engine 3 to open the switch cover Press start button (slightly obscured by the open cover) confirm blue START indication Close the overhead panel

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

ENGINE START

P13 REV 01 SEQ 001

Monitor the N2 reading in upper ECAM for engine 3, at N2 of 15% Open the pedestal Set ENG MASTER switch 3 to ON Close the pedestal Engine 3 will start Monitor N1, EGT and FF as the engine stabilizes Repeat for engine 4: Open the switch cover ENG MAN START for engine 4 and press start button Monitor the N2 reading in upper ECAM for engine 4 At N2 of 15% set ENG MASTER switch 4 to ON Monitor N1, EGT and FF as engine 4 stabilizes After Start Open the pedestal Set ENG mode selector to NORM Set FLAPS 3 press F7 three times or use flap handle Monitor flap deployment in upper ECAM Close the pedestal Open the overhead panel Set X-BLEED selector knob to AUTO Set PACKS 1 and 2 to ON Confirm APU BLEED to OFF (but leave the APU running) Close the overhead panel

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

BEFORE TAXI

P14 REV 01 SEQ 001

ATC has cleared us to taxi and hold short of runway 20L On the main panel, set AUTO/BRK to MAX braking Pedestal: Select TCAS to TA Set GND SPLRS ARMED by pressing Shift+/ Note SPLRS ARM in upper ECAM Note: In FS2004 the spoilers deploy rather than arm; they will close when you add power to start the taxi. EFIS Panel: Confirm BARO set for hPa by clicking the hPa label on the panel (Hectapascals) Set QNH to 1009 by clicking on the left or right side of the BARO knob as required TIP The PSS A330/A340 configuration uses the B key to switch between local and Standard pressure (inHg or hPa) but this doesnt reset the barometric pressure if FS2004 detects that it has changed. To get around this, you might find it useful to make a new keyboard assignment in FS2004. Go to main menu Options > Controls > Assignments On the Buttons/Key page, scroll down a little to the Altimeter (reset) entry Left click on this entry, then click on Change Assignment In the dialogue box, press your new key combination: - try CTRL+B (by default Autopilot Backcourse Hold ) - or SHIFT+B (by default Rotor Brake) Click OK, OK Press your new Altimeter (reset) key I chose to use CTRL+B Note the altitude reading in the PFD resets to the correct airfield elevation of about 30 ft Confirm FD is ON Set both VOR/ADF 1 and 2 selectors to VOR (fully right) FCU: Left click on SPD knob for managed mode; it will show --Left click on HDG knob for managed mode; it will show --Set ALT to 10000

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

TAXI

P15 REV 01 SEQ 001

Overhead panel: Set TAXI LIGHTS to ON Press Shift+S to jump to spot view, adjust your view as required Press Shift+8 to display the upper ECAM Press . (period) to release the parking brake, confirm in ECAM display Taxi to and HOLD SHORT of runway 20L. Taxi around the end of the terminal building to your front then go left onto taxiway EP (see diagram below). Apply approximately 35% power to start moving, then back to about 25% when rolling Singapore (Changi International) Airport

START POSITION

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

TAXI

P16 REV 01 SEQ 001

At the HOLDING POINT for runway 20L, stop and apply the parking brakes Press Shift+8 to close the upper ECAM display Press S to jump back to the cockpit Open overhead panel Set STROBES to AUTO Set TAXI LIGHTS to OFF Set LANDING LIGHTS to ON Set APU BLEED to ON Set PACK 1 and PACK 2 to OFF Close the overhead panel Open pedestal Check FLAPS are at CONFIG 3, confirm in upper ECAM Confirm TRANSPONDER to TA Confirm TRANSPONDER code is set Close the pedestal Press T.O. CONFIG on ECAM control panel Check upper ECAM displays T.O. CONFIG NORMAL (if not, correct any noted settings)

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

TAKEOFF

P17 REV 01 SEQ 001

Take Off We are cleared for takeoff, VRM3B departure, with an initial clearance to 10,000 feet. You can do the take off either in the cockpit or from the spot view (my preferred method). If you jump to the spot view, press Shift+6, Shift+7 and Shift+8 to open the ECAM panel so you can monitor the systems during takeoff. Press . (period) to release the parking brake, confirm in right hand ECAM display Well do a rolling runway entry and take off. Apply about 30% power to get moving, then back to 25% as you enter the runway and line up on the centerline keep it rolling. Lets go! Press keypad + twice to FLX power, confirm in right hand ECAM display Note T.O. INHIBIT in right hand ECAM display Rotate at VR of 170 knots as shown on the airspeed tape (Note: this might not agree with the VR calculated during MCDU setup a minor bug) Pitch up to 10-15 degrees until aircraft lifts off Once clear of the ground and climbing, pull back on the control to follow the commanded FD pitch indicator Press G to raise the gear as soon as the aircraft is positively climbing Keep following the FD pitch indicator Press F6 twice to select flaps CONFIG 1 as the airspeed passes the F marker on the airspeed tape of the Primary Flight Display (PFD). This will happen very quickly after takeoff. On passing 500 ft Press Z to activate the autopilot (or press AP1 on the FCU if you are inside the cockpit) The aircraft will climb straight ahead to 4,000 feet before making a climbing left turn in accordance with the VRM3B departure. As aircraft climbs through 1500 feet Monitor the PFD; when LVR CLB flashes press - (minus) on the keypad once for climb thrust mode Passing S on the airspeed tape set flaps to CONFIG 0

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

CLIMB / CRUISE

P18 REV 01 SEQ 001

After Takeoff Press Shift+6, Shift+7 and Shift+8 to close the ECAM panels Press S to jump back to the cockpit Check LANDING GEAR is up Check FLAPS UP Check SPOILERS are RET Check AUTO/BRK OFF The PFD will read
THR CLB | | CLB ALT | | NAV

Set EFIS range selector to 40 Passing 9,000 ft ATC MESSAGE Cathay 734, climb to FL310. We have an interim clearance to 31,000 feet Set the ALT to 31000 and pull (right click) the ALT knob for a selected climb Passing 11,000 ft Monitor the PFD for the STD indicator to flash Press B (or click on the BARO knob) to set standard pressure Open the overhead panel Turn LANDING LIGHTS to OFF Turn SEATBELT SIGNS to OFF Click APU GEN to OFF Click APU BLEED to OFF Click APU MASTER SWITCH to OFF Set air conditioning PACK 1 and 2 to ON Close the overhead panel

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

CLIMB / CRUISE

P19 REV 01 SEQ 001

Passing 25,000 ft ATC MESSAGE Cathay 734, climb to and maintain FL370. Set the ALT to 37000 and push (left click) the ALT knob for a managed climb, handing control of vertical navigation back to the flight management system Set EFIS range display to 160 The aircraft will climb towards our cruise altitude of 37,000 feet You can now either stay in the cockpit or jump to the spot view. Monitor the progress of the aircraft along the route by checking the MCDU. NOTE From the time we attain cruise altitude it will take about 45 minutes to reach a point where, if you prefer, we can simulate a diversion to make the tutorial shorter (around 2 hours in total). If you do wish to shorten the flight, at this point you can go to Appendix 1 starting on page 30, which simulates a diversion to Ho Chi City, Vietnam. If you want to fly the whole tutorial to Hong Honk, continue on to the next section called UPDATING DESTINATION WEATHER HONG KONG.

TIP You can increase the simulation rate to speed through the cruise sections of either flight. Press ALT to access the FS2004 menu bar Select Options > Simulation Rate Select your preferred simulation rate Note: Rates up 8x works best. Because the Airbus FMS allows the aircraft to operate within an altitude band rather than an absolute altitude, higher simulation rates can cause unpleasant altitude fluctuations. Remember to go back to Normal rate when youve reached the desired point in the flight!

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

UPDATING DESTINATION WEATHER HONG KONG

P20 REV 01 SEQ 001

Passing EPKAL Open the pedestal so we can set a new radio frequency On the Radio Management Panel press VHF1 to confirm that the VHF1 radio is selected In the Standby window enter the VHHH ATIS frequency which is 128.20 Press the Swap button (the double headed arrow) to push the new freq into the Active NOTE We wont immediately be able to receive the Hong Kong ATIS at this distance but setting the frequency now means the ATIS will come in as soon as we are in range. Close the pedestal Open the MCDU Press PERF Press NEXT PHASE at LSK6R until the APPR page is displayed NOTE While we wait to get the ATIS well make use of the METAR we obtained for Hong Kong before leaving Singapore, and update the weather when we receive the ATIS.
VHHH 220850Z 25003KT 7000 SKC 26/18 Q1013 NOSIG

This tells us:


WND: VIZ: CLD: TMP: DEW: QNH: 250 at 3 knots 7 kilometres (a bit hazy) None (Sky Clear) 26 degrees 18 degrees 1013 hectopascals

Enter the QHN (1013) Press LSK1L to enter this altimeter setting for Hong Kong Enter the temperature (in the format 26) Press LSK2L to enter this temp setting

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

UPDATING DESTINATION WEATHER HONG KONG

P21 REV 01 SEQ 001

Enter the wind direction/speed (250/03) Press LSK3L to enter this wind setting Confirm 9000 for TRANS ALT at LSK4L Confirm FINAL 25L at LSK1R Close the MCDU

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

DESCENT HONG KONG

P22 REV 01 SEQ 001

Descent Passing DUMOL set ALT to 4500, which is the minimum crossing altitude for the Tung Lung (TD) VOR. DO NOT PUSH OR PULL THE ALT KNOB YET The Top of Descent (TOD) point is marked on the ND with a white down arrow On reaching the TOD arrow the word DECELERATE will appear at the top of the PFD Immediately push (left click) the ALT knob for a managed descent If MORE DRAG appears in the PFD press / to extend the speed brakes Monitor the speed until it is close to the = mark on the airspeed ribbon, then close the speed brakes (press / again). Use the brakes again if the airspeed creeps back up, then close the brakes. Set range display to 80 The ATIS should come in about 6 miles from BAKER. When it does, make a note of the current altimeter setting, temperature and wind direction/speed. Once youve got the necessary details, open the pedestal and push the Swap button again to move the ATIS out of the Active window (this stops the ATIS transmission). Because FS2004 ATC doesnt use hPa values for QNH youll need to convert the ATIS altimeter reading from inches to hectopascals, using the conversion table below.
INCHES TO HECTAPASCALS INCHES 28.00 28.10 28.20 28.30 28.40 28.50 28.60 28.70 28.80 28.90 29.00 29.10 29.20 29.30 29.40 29.50 29.60 29.70 29.80 29.90 30.00 30.10 30.20 30.30 30.40 30.50 30.60 30.70 30.80 30.90 .00 948 952 955 958 962 965 968 972 975 979 982 985 989 992 996 999 1002 1006 1009 1012 1016 1019 1023 1026 1029 1033 1036 1040 1043 1046 .02 949 952 956 959 962 966 969 973 976 979 983 986 9898 993 996 1000 1003 1006 1010 1013 1017 1020 1023 1027 1030 1033 1037 1040 1044 1047 .04 949 953 956 960 963 966 970 973 977 980 983 987 990 994 997 1000 1004 1007 1010 1014 1017 1021 1024 1027 1031 1034 1038 1041 1044 1048 .06 950 954 957 960 964 967 970 974 977 981 964 987 991 994 998 1001 1004 1008 1011 1015 1018 1021 1025 1028 1031 1035 1038 1042 1045 1048 .08 951 954 957 961 964 968 971 975 978 981 985 988 991 995 998 1002 1005 1008 1012 1015 1019 1022 1025 1029 1032 1035 1039 1042 1046 1049

Start with the Inch value closest to the one you have, than read across to the decimal value required. Example conversions Altimeter = 29.92 Start with 29.90 in left column, we need an additional .02 inches so read across to the .02 column. QNH = 1013 Altimeter = 29.83 Start with 29.80 in left column, we need an additional .03 inches so read across to .04 column (use the higher value). QNH = 1010

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

DESCENT HONG KONG

P23 REV 01 SEQ 001

Open the MCDU again Press PERF Press NEXT PHASE until the APPR page is displayed Enter the updated QHN, temperature and wind direction/speed Close the MCDU Passing 9,000 feet STD will flash in the PFD press B or click the BARO knob to set QNH The QNH reading will be the last value you set (probably 1009) Set the new QNH value (if necessary) by clicking either side of the BARO knob You might need to press CTRL+B to reset the altimeter (or Shift+B depending on your keyboard assignment see the notes on page 14) Open the overhead panel, turn on the Landing Lights and Seat Belt signs Set range display to 40

NOTE Warning! This approach to the new Hong Kong airport is not as difficult as the famously dangerous approach to the old Kai Tak airport that it replaced, but it still has some challenges. There are mountains very close to the approach and glide paths. You will almost certainly get at least one terrain warning from the Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS) during the approach. In particular, the track to the ILS intercept point takes you towards rising terrainthe turn onto the ILS comes quite late! In reality ATC provides very careful radar altitude instructions to incoming aircraft. In this simulation, just adhere to the suggested altitude settings and trust the FMS to guide you down the glide path. If you wish, you can disable the GPWS alarms by pressing the GPWS SYS button on the lower left of the overhead panel. If you prefer, you could reset the time to daylight so you can see the terrain or re-fly the tutorial with a morning start time so you have daylight throughout the flight.

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

APPROACH HONG KONG

P24 REV 01 SEQ 001

10 miles short of Tung Lung (TD) VOR Open the MCDU Press PERF Press ACTIVATE APPR PHASE Press CONFIRM APPR PHASE Enter 200 Press LSK3R to enter 200 as the DH Note the APPR speeds The aircraft will slow to O speed approx 217 knots

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

APPROACH HONG KONG

P25 REV 01 SEQ 001

Crossing Tung Lung (TD) VOR Set the ALT to 3000 and pull (right click) the ALT knob Press FUEL PRED confirm GW is less than MLW of 396.0 k/lbs Press RAD NAV confirm ILS/FREQ at LSK3L is reading 108.90 Close the MCDU Set EFI selector rang to 20 Arm spoilers (SHIFT + /), confirm on upper ECAM Set AUTOBRAKE to MED Press ILS on EFIS panel, confirm IFL 108.9 in PFD (lower left) Press LOC on FCU panel Set FLAPS to CONFIG 1 the aircraft will slow to S speed PFD will read
SPEED | ALT | | NAV | | AP1 | LOC | | 1FD2 | DH200 | A/THR TIP If you are a particularly daring type, you might find time to jump to Spot view to check out the spectacular Hong Kong skyline and the surrounding hills. The track to the ILS intercept goes over the old Kai Tak airport (now decommissioned).

Press APPR on FCU panel Press AP2 to engage both autopilots On intercepting LOC (or GS moving down whichever occurs first) Set FLAPS to CONFIG 2 the aircraft will slow to F speed On GS indicator moving down (or LOC intercept whichever occurs second) Set FLAPS to CONFIG 3 Lower the GEAR On intercepting GS Set FLAPS to CONFIG FULL (F8) the aircraft will slow to VAPP speed PFD will read
SPEED | G/S | LOC

Set ALT to missed approach altitude of 4500 ft Set HDG to the runway heading of 253 degree

Do not push or pull either knob, unless you need to execute a GO AROUND

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

LANDING HONG KONG

P26 REV 01 SEQ 001

Landing At this point you could press Shift+3 for partial panel view, so you can see the runway Once LOC and GS are captured the PFD will read
SPEED | G/S | LOC | CAT3 | AP1+2 | | | DUAL | 1FD2 | DH200 | A/THR

Confirm GS and LOC indicators are centered in the PFD Landing checks: AUTO/BRK MED NO SMOKING ON SEAT BELTS ON SPOILERS ARMED LANDING LIGHTS ON At 400 ft PFD will read
SPEED | LAND

Prepare to press the - key on the keypad (dont press it yet) Note 300 ft, 200 ft, 100 ft and 50 ft callouts On 50 ft callout PFD will read
THR IDLE | FLARE

Note 40 ft, 30 ft, and 20 ft callouts On RETARD callout press the - key on the keypad to set thrust to IDLE PFD will read
ROLLOUT

AUTOBRAKE and SPOILERS will activate On nose wheel lowering to the runway press the - key to set thrust to REV Confirm REV in center of N1 or EPR indicators in upper ECAM Steer to maintain the runway centerline At 60 knots press the + key on the keypad to set thrust to IDLE Press the . key or joystick trigger for manual braking as required Press AUTO/BRK MED to cancel autobraking Press Z to disconnect the Autopilot

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

AFTER LANDING HONG KONG

P27 REV 01 SEQ 001

After Landing Exit the runway when able, maintain taxi speed Note: You can press Shift+3 for the partial panel view to help see where you are going, or use Spot view (Shift+S) Set FLAPS to UP (press F5) Close spoilers (press /) Set FD and ILS to OFF Open pedestal Set TCAS to STBY Close pedestal Open overhead panel Set LANDING LIGHTS to OFF Set TAXI LIGHTS to ON Confirm STROBE LIGHTS on AUTO or OFF Press APU MASTER, check blue ON PRESS APU START, check blue ON Close overhead panel

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

AFTER LANDING HONG KONG

P28 REV 01 SEQ 001

Parking Taxi to the gate of your choice via taxiways H or J. The Hong Kong airport chart is shown below.

25R 25L

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

SHUTDOWN

P29 REV 01 SEQ 001

Open pedestal Set PARKING BRAKE to ON Set ENG MASTER switches 14 to OFF Close pedestal Open overhead panel Set TAXI LIGHTS to OFF Set BEACON to OFF Set SEATBELT signs to OFF Set APU BLEED to ON Set FUEL TANKS to OFF Close overhead panel Press DOORS button on ECAM control panel Press Shift+E to open doors, confirm on lower ECAM Shutdown Open overhead panel Set PACKS to OFF Set APU BLEED to OFF Set APU MASTER to OFF Set BAT/APU BAT to OFF Close overhead panel Welcome to Chek Lap Kok International Airport, Hong Kong!

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

Appendix 1 DIVERSION TO VIETNAM

P30

This section creates a shorter tutorial flight a diversion to Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. From the time we attain cruise altitude it will take about 45 minutes to reach this point. 20 miles short of CS (Conson) CABIN CREW MESSAGE A member of the cabin crew has come forward to tell you that a passenger has suffered some sort of seizure and lapsed into unconsciousness. A doctor who is on board has reported that the passenger is now stable but is seriously ill. The doctor recommends that the Captain should land at the nearest major airport as soon as possible. You inspect your charts and decide that Tansonnhat International Airport (VVTS), Ho Chi Minh City, in Vietnam is the best option for a diversion. You advise ATC and your company of your intentions. ATC MESSAGE Cathay 734, proceed direct to Vung Tau VOR. Cross Vung Tau VOR at 8000 feet, descend at your discretion. Expect vectors for an ILS approach to runway 25 Right. Medical services have been alerted.

Open the MCDU The waypoint CS should be the next waypoint (shown in white) at LSK2L Press DIR Enter VTV (the Vung Tau VOR) Press LSK1L to enter this into the DIR TO field T-P (turning point) appears in the ND and the aircraft turns towards the new waypoint Note that ----- F-PLN DISCONTINUITY----- appears in the MCDU; you can ignore this because well be using ATC vectors and selected flight modes instead of the flight plan. Set the ALT to 8000 ft and pull (right click) the ALT knob for a selected descent Press the right LSK opposite the new VTV waypoint to open the Vertical Revision page Enter 8000 Enter this into the ALT CSTR field LSK3R Enter 250 Enter this into the SPD CSTR field LSK3L Press RETURN LSK6L Close the MCDU

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

Appendix 1 DIVERSION TO VIETNAM

P31

Open the pedestal so we can set a new radio frequency On the Radio Management Panel press VHF1 to confirm that the VHF1 radio is selected In the Standby window enter the Tansonnhat (VVTS) ATIS frequency which is 128.00 Press the Swap button (the double headed arrow) to make the new frequency active NOTE We wont immediately be able to receive the Tansonnhat ATIS at this distance but setting the frequency now means the ATIS will come in as soon as we are in range. Close the pedestal About 60 miles from VTV (Vung Tau) VOR Jettison Excess Fuel We need to check we dont exceed the Maximum Landing Weight (MLW) of 396.0 k/lbs Open the MCDU Press FUEL PRED Check the Gross Weight (GW) value at LSK3L it is probably higher (GW around 410 k/lbs) than the MLW so we will need to jettison some fuel to reduce our GW Enter 396.0 (the MLW for the A340-300) Press JET GW at LSK3R which tells the jettison system to stop dumping fuel when it gets down to this GW Close the MCDU Open the overhead panel The FUEL JETTISON sub-panel on the center left side has four red covered buttons Click on ARM to open the cover, click again on the ARM button (white ON light) Click on ACTIVE to open the cover, click again on the ACTIVE button (white ON light) Close the overhead panel On the main panel, press FUEL on the ECAM control panel

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

Appendix 1 DIVERSION TO VIETNAM

P32

Note the two arrows indicating that fuel jettisoning is in progress the jettison process will stop automatically when the JET GW limit (which we set to MLW) is reached. We are only slightly over weight so this wont take long. Open the MCDU Press FUEL PRED Confirm GW value at LSK3L is now equal to or less than the MLW of 396.0 Close the MCDU Open the overhead panel Click on ARM to open the cover, click again to turn off the ARM button Click on ACTIVE to open the cover, click again to turn off the ACTIVE button Close the overhead panel
TIP

Passing 15,000 feet Press RAD NAV

Enter 110.50 (the frequency for the 25R ILS) Press LSK3L ILS/FREQ to enter this as the ILS frequency Note the value changes to 110.50 at LSK3L (ILS) also at LSK1L (VOR) Close the MCDU NOTE

You can check any VOR or ILS frequency in the AIRAC database, for example: Press DATA Press RUNWAYS LSK3L Enter VVTS25R Press LSK1L note the ILS and other data Press F-PLAN to exit

The ATIS should come in about 33 miles from VTV (Vung Tau). When it does, make a note of the current altimeter setting, temperature and wind direction/speed. Once you got the necessary details, open the pedestal and push the Swap button again to move the ATIS out of the Active window (this stops the ATIS transmission).

Passing 10,000 feet STD will flash in the PFD press B or click the BARO knob You might need to press CTRL+B to reset the altimeter (or Shift+B depending on your keyboard assignment see the notes on page 14) Open the overhead panel, turn on the Landing Lights and Seat Belt signs Set range display to 40

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

Appendix 1 DIVERSION TO VIETNAM

P33

We have been told to anticipate vectors for the ILS25R, so well get ready to use selected heading and altitude modes 5 miles short of VTV (Vung Tau) VOR check in upper right of ND Pull (right click) on the HDG knob to change to selected mode The current heading (approx 014) will appear in the HDG window 1 mile short of VTV (Vung Tau) VOR ATC MESSAGE Cathay 734, turn left heading 350, descend to 5000 feet. Set the HDG knob to 350 the aircraft will turn onto the new heading Set the ALT to 5000 ft and pull (right click) the ALT selector knob At 5000 feet Open the MCDU Press PERF Press ACTIVATE APPR PHASE Press CONFIRM APPR PHASE Enter 200 Press LSK3R to enter 200 as the DH Note the APPR speeds The aircraft will slow to O speed Press FUEL PRED, confirm GW is less than MLW of 396.0 k/lbs Press RAD NAV Enter 320 (a nearby NDB, called ANLOC) well use it later Press LSK5L to enter this value into ADF1/FREQ Set the VOR/ADF 2 selector on the EFIS panel to ADF (fully left) Select EFIS display control to NAV to display the ADF in ROSE mode in ND Monitor the ADF needle (the green arrow) as we will make a turn to intercept the ILS when the needle moves down to point to 050. Close the MCDU Arm spoilers (SHIFT + /), confirm on upper ECAM Set AUTOBRAKE to MED Press ILS on EFIS panel, confirm 110.50 in PFD (lower left)

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

Appendix 1 DIVERSION TO VIETNAM

P34

When ADF indicates 050 ATC MESSAGE Cathay 734, turn left heading 300 to intercept the ILS, descend to 3000 feet. Set the HDG knob to 300 the aircraft will turn to the new heading to intercept the ILS Set the ALT to 3000 ft and pull (right click) the ALT selector knob Set EFIS display control back to ARC mode Press LOC on FCU panel You should be able to see the TSN (VOR) and HCM (ILS) symbols in the upper left of the ND adjust the range setting as required Set FLAPS to CONFIG 1 the aircraft will slow to S speed PFD will read
SPEED | ALT | | NAV | | AP1 | LOC | | 1FD2 | DH200 | A/THR TIP If the LOC button doesnt light when you press it, it means that the aircraft isnt receiving an ILS signal. Check that you entered the correct frequency 110.50 at LSK3L in the RAD NAV page of the MCDU LSK3L ILS/FREQ should read HCM/110.50

On intercepting LOC Set FLAPS to CONFIG 2 the aircraft will slow to F speed Press APPR on FCU panel Press AP2 to engage both autopilots On GS indicator moving down Set FLAPS to CONFIG 3 Lower the GEAR press G

On intercepting GS Set FLAPS to CONFIG FULL (F8) the aircraft will slow to VAPP speed PFD will read
SPEED | G/S | LOC

Set ALT to missed approach altitude of 4000 ft Set HDG to the runway heading of 249 degrees

Do not push or pull either knob, unless you need to execute a GO AROUND

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

Appendix 1 DIVERSION TO VIETNAM

P35

Landing At this point you could press Shift+3 for partial panel view, so you can see the runway Once LOC and GS are captured the PFD will read
SPEED | G/S | LOC | CAT3 | AP1+2 | | | DUAL | 1FD2 | DH200 | A/THR

Confirm GS and LOC indicators are centered in the PFD Landing checks: AUTO/BRK MED NO SMOKING ON SEAT BELTS ON SPOILERS ARMED LANDING LIGHTS ON At 400 ft PFD will read
SPEED | LAND

Prepare to press - key on the keypad (dont press it yet) Note 300 ft, 200 ft, 100 ft and 50 ft callouts On 50 ft callout PFD will read
THR IDLE | FLARE

Note 40 ft, 30 ft, and 20 ft callouts On RETARD callout press the - key on the keypad to set thrust to IDLE PFD will read
ROLLOUT

AUTOBRAKE and SPOILERS will activate On nose wheel lowering to the runway press the - key to set thrust to REV Confirm REV in center of N1 or EPR indicators in upper ECAM Steer to maintain the runway centerline At 60 knots press the + key on the keypad to set thrust to IDLE Press the . key or joystick trigger for manual braking as required Press AUTO/BRK MED to cancel autobraking Press Z to disconnect the Autopilot

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

Appendix 1 DIVERSION TO VIETNAM

P36

After Landing Exit the runway when able, maintain taxi speed Note: You can press Shift+3 for the partial panel view to help see where you are going, or use Spot view (Shift+S) Set FLAPS to UP (press F5) Close spoilers (press /) Set FD and ILS to OFF Open pedestal Set TCAS to STBY Close pedestal Open overhead panel Set LANDING LIGHTS to OFF Set TAXI LIGHTS to ON Confirm STROBE LIGHTS on AUTO or OFF Press APU MASTER, check blue ON PRESS APU START, check blue ON Close overhead panel Taxi to the terminal an ambulance and medical staff are waiting for your ill passenger At the terminal Open pedestal Set PARKING BRAKE to ON Set ENG MASTER switches 14 to OFF Close pedestal Open overhead panel Set TAXI LIGHTS to OFF Set BEACON to OFF Set SEATBELT signs to OFF Set APU BLEED to ON Set FUEL TANKS to OFF Close overhead panel Press DOORS button on ECAM control panel Press Shift+E to open doors, confirm on lower ECAM

Phoenix Simulation Software

A340
Tutorial Flight WSSS-VHHH

Appendix 1 DIVERSION TO VIETNAM

P37

Shutdown Open overhead panel Set PACKS to OFF Set APU BLEED to OFF Set APU MASTER to OFF Set BAT/APU BAT to OFF Close overhead panel Congratulations on getting your ill passenger to Tansonnhat Airport, Vietnam!