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Design calculation sheet

Project no: Subject: Date: Sheet no.:

of

Computed by: Checked by: Approved by:

ACC Stairwell Pressurisation with some doors opened. Summer

Conditions :

Fire Escape on : Stair Doors: Escape Door : Building Height : 25 Pa

4 Floors 4 1 15.6 m

Pressure Level :

1- Air volume required when all doors are closed : Q = Volume of Air Required (m3)

Q1= 0.827 x AE x P

1/n

AE = Leakage Area from the space (m2) = 0.030 (m2) for Double Leaf Doors with or without Central Rebate = 0.120 (m2) for 4 Stair Doors P = Pressure Differential = Q1 = 0.827 x 0.12 x 25 Pa 25
1/2

n = Leakage Factor = 2 : Q1 = 0.50 m3 / sec

Although the effective leakage area is known, there are other leaks we are not aware of. To account for these leaks, Q is increased by 50%, hence: Q1 = 0.50 +50% Q1 = 0.74 m3 / s

2- Air volume required when doors are opened : Door Area = 2.1 Air Velocity Across Door x = 0.9
2

= m/s

2 1.89 m = 394 fpm

Minimum Number of Opened Doors = main escape doors + 10% of remaining straiwell doors =CALCULATION 1 + 1 DESIGN Open door area = Area of escape doors + 50% of the area of the other doors = 1.89 + 0.945 2 = 2.84 m Q2 = A x V => 5.67 m3 / s Q2 = 3- Total Air Supplied by the fan : QT = Q1 + Q2 => QT = 6.4 m3 / s = 13562 cfm
3391 cfm per floor

Design calculation sheet


Project no: Subject: Date: Sheet no.:

of

Computed by: Checked by:

Stairwell Pressurisation with some doors opened. Summer

Approved by:

QT =

6.4 m3 / sec

13562 cfm

6400 l/s

at

2500 fpm 120 m

=>

f=

0.5 "/100 ft

Duct Length =

Friction Loss through duct: Friction Loss =

(Duct Length x 1.25 x 3.28 x f)

2.46 "

Total Static Pressure

= = = = = = =

(PD at Register + Friction Loss + Volume Damper)*30% 0.20 2.46 + 0.2 + 3.80 " 9.7 mm 946 Pa 946 971 Pa + = 25 3.9 " = 99.0 mm

Total Static Pressure on Fan Total Fan Static Pressure

Relief Damper Sizing : Air to be releived = Q2 = Area of Pressure Relief A= 1.37 m 5.7 m3/sec A= 0.827
2

5.7 x

25

Since we are using two fans: Air flow per Fan = @ 2500 fpm Total Static Pressure on Fan = 633 = 6781 cfm = = 600 mm + 658 25 Pa = 2.6 " 3200 lps

Total Static Pressure on Fan

Design calculation sheet


Project no: Subject: Date: Sheet no.:

of

Computed by: Checked by: Approved by:

LAB Stairwell Pressurisation with some doors opened. Summer

Conditions :

Fire Escape on : Stair Doors: Escape Door : Building Height : 25 Pa

3 Floors 3 1 11.4 m

Pressure Level :

1- Air volume required when all doors are closed : Q = Volume of Air Required (m3)

Q1= 0.827 x AE x P

1/n

AE = Leakage Area from the space (m2) = 0.030 (m2) for Double Leaf Doors with or without Central Rebate = 0.090 (m2) for 3 Stair Doors P = Pressure Differential = Q1 = 0.827 x 0.09 x 25 Pa 25
1/2

n = Leakage Factor = 2 : Q1 = 0.37 m3 / sec

Although the effective leakage area is known, there are other leaks we are not aware of. To account for these leaks, Q is increased by 50%, hence: Q1 = 0.37 +50% Q1 = 0.56 m3 / s

2- Air volume required when doors are opened : Door Area = 2.1 Air Velocity Across Door x = 0.9
2

= m/s

2 1.89 m = 394 fpm

Minimum Number of Opened Doors = main escape doors + 10% of remaining straiwell doors =CALCULATION 1 + 1 DESIGN Open door area = Area of escape doors + 50% of the area of the other doors = 1.89 + 0.945 2 = 2.84 m Q2 = A x V => 5.67 m3 / s Q2 = 3- Total Air Supplied by the fan : QT = Q1 + Q2 => QT = 6.2 m3 / s = 13138 cfm
4380 cfm per floor

Design calculation sheet


Project no: Subject: Date: Sheet no.:

of

Computed by: Checked by:

Stairwell Pressurisation with some doors opened. Summer

Approved by:

QT =

6.2 m3 / sec

13138 cfm

6200 l/s

at

2500 fpm 120 m

=>

f=

0.5 "/100 ft

Duct Length =

Friction Loss through duct: Friction Loss =

(Duct Length x 1.25 x 3.28 x f)

2.46 "

Total Static Pressure

= = = = = = =

(PD at Register + Friction Loss + Volume Damper)*30% 0.20 2.46 + 0.2 + 3.80 " 9.7 mm 946 Pa 946 971 Pa + = 25 3.9 " = 99.0 mm

Total Static Pressure on Fan Total Fan Static Pressure

Relief Damper Sizing : Air to be releived = Q2 = Area of Pressure Relief A= 1.37 m 5.7 m3/sec A= 0.827
2

5.7 x

25

Since we are using two fans: Air flow per Fan = @ 2500 fpm Total Static Pressure on Fan = 633 = 6569 cfm = = 600 mm + 658 25 Pa = 2.6 " 3100 lps

Total Static Pressure on Fan

Design calculation sheet


Project no: Subject: Date: Sheet no.:

of

Computed by: Checked by: Approved by:

ONC Stairwell Pressurisation with some doors opened. Summer

Conditions :

Fire Escape on : Stair Doors: Escape Door : Building Height : 25 Pa

3 Floors 3 1 11.4 m

Pressure Level :

1- Air volume required when all doors are closed : Q = Volume of Air Required (m3)

Q1= 0.827 x AE x P

1/n

AE = Leakage Area from the space (m2) = 0.030 (m2) for Double Leaf Doors with or without Central Rebate = 0.090 (m2) for 3 Stair Doors P = Pressure Differential = Q1 = 0.827 x 0.09 x 25 Pa 25
1/2

n = Leakage Factor = 2 : Q1 = 0.37 m3 / sec

Although the effective leakage area is known, there are other leaks we are not aware of. To account for these leaks, Q is increased by 50%, hence: Q1 = 0.37 +50% Q1 = 0.56 m3 / s

2- Air volume required when doors are opened : Door Area = 2.1 Air Velocity Across Door x = 0.9
2

= m/s

2 1.89 m = 394 fpm

Minimum Number of Opened Doors = main escape doors + 10% of remaining straiwell doors =CALCULATION 1 + 1 DESIGN Open door area = Area of escape doors + 50% of the area of the other doors = 1.89 + 0.945 2 = 2.84 m Q2 = A x V => 5.67 m3 / s Q2 = 3- Total Air Supplied by the fan : QT = Q1 + Q2 => QT = 6.2 m3 / s = 13138 cfm
4380 cfm per floor

Design calculation sheet


Project no: Subject: Date: Sheet no.:

of

Computed by: Checked by:

Stairwell Pressurisation with some doors opened. Summer

Approved by:

QT =

6.2 m3 / sec

13138 cfm

6200 l/s

at

2500 fpm 120 m

=>

f=

0.5 "/100 ft

Duct Length =

Friction Loss through duct: Friction Loss =

(Duct Length x 1.25 x 3.28 x f)

2.46 "

Total Static Pressure

= = = = = = =

(PD at Register + Friction Loss + Volume Damper)*30% 0.20 2.46 + 0.2 + 3.80 " 9.7 mm 946 Pa 946 971 Pa + = 25 3.9 " = 99.0 mm

Total Static Pressure on Fan Total Fan Static Pressure

Relief Damper Sizing : Air to be releived = Q2 = Area of Pressure Relief A= 1.37 m 5.7 m3/sec A= 0.827
2

5.7 x

25

Since we are using two fans: Air flow per Fan = @ 2500 fpm Total Static Pressure on Fan = 633 = 6569 cfm = = 600 mm + 658 25 Pa = 2.6 " 3100 lps

Total Static Pressure on Fan

Design calculation sheet


Project no: Subject: Date: Sheet no.:

of

Computed by: Checked by: Approved by:

6.4 m3/s

= 13562 cfm = 6400 lps 0.50 ''/100 ft.

Roof
At 2500 fpm : f = 700 x 400 6400 lps Grille Sizing based on 1000 fpm face velocity 10 grilles => 640 lps/grille 1356 cfm/grille 971 Pa

Eight
600 x 400 5760 lps

Seven
P.D = 550 x 400 5120 lps 3.8 '' = Fan Selected : Woods

Six Model : 50JM/20/2/6/22


500 x 400 4480 lps

380/3/50

3.3 kW

Five
450 x 400 3840 lps

Four
400 x 400 3200 lps

Three
400 x 350 2560CALCULATION lps DESIGN

NTV
350 x 350 1920 lps

NTV
350 x 250 1280 lps

Mezzanine
350 x 150 640 lps

Ground
SR 500x150 640 lps Typical

Data

Building Height (m) 0 5 25 50 100 150

Fire Pressure (Pa) 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5

Wind Stack Effect (Pa) 8 8 10.5 13 19.5 29.5

Design Pressure (Pa) 25 25 25 50 50 50

Size Single Leaf Doors in Frame Opening into Pressurized Space Single Leaf Doors in Frame Opening Outwards Double Leaf Doors with or without Central Rebate Lift Door

Crack Leakage Length (m) Area (m2) 5.6 5.6 9.2 8.0 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.06

2 m x 800 mm 3 m x 800 mm 2 m x 1.6 m 2 m High x 2 m Wide

Double Leaf Doors with or without Central Rebate


7.2.3.9 Stair Pressurization. 7.2.3.9.1 Smokeproof enclosures using stair pressurization shall use an approved engineered system with a design pressure difference across the barrier of not less than 0.05 in. water column (12.5 Pa) in sprinklered buildings, or 0.10 in. water column (25 Pa) in nonsprinklered buildings, and shall be capable of maintaining these pressure differences under likely conditions of stack effect or wind. The pressure difference across doors shall exceed that which allows the door to begin to be opened by a force of 30 lbf (133 N) in accordance with 7.2.1.4.5. 7.2.1.4.5 The forces required to fully open any door manually in a means of egress shall not exceed 15 lbf (67 N) to release the latch, 30 lbf (133 N) to set the door in motion, and 15 lbf (67 N) to open the door to the minimum required width. Opening forces for interior side-hinged or pivoted-swinging doors without closers shall not exceed 5 lbf (22 N). These forces shall be applied at the latch stile.

Page 8

Design calculation sheet


Project no: Subject: Date: Sheet no.:

of

Computed by: Checked by: Approved by: