Christians are ready to proclaim the Gospel because they can’t hide the joy that comes from

knowing Christ.
Pope Francis

Tuesday, July 9, 13

What could he possibly mean? Why would we be joyful when we know Jesus Christ? What about Jesus brings joy?
EVALUATE.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Where do we begin?
Where do we start in our quest to know more about Jesus?

Tuesday, July 9, 13

5 BASIC PRINCIPLES
Tuesday, July 9, 13

To really know Jesus Christ is a life-long task. (CFC 470)
This is seen in all of his believers, as highlighted by the saints and martyrs. All throughout their lives, they deal with the reality of knowing Jesus and what he asks from those who follow him. Also, it is through Jesus that we come to know our true selves, our purpose and destiny.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Knowing Jesus is a living, changing, growing and deepening experience. (CFC 471)
This is not similar to learning a concept or idea, nor learning a skill. Knowing Jesus means entering into a personal relationship with him. Just like any other relationship, the more our friendship deepens, the more our own lives deepen, develop meaning.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

The Jesus we come to know is the historical earthly Jesus and the Risen Christ of faith. (CFC 472)
The person we try to know existed in human history. He is not a fictional nor mythological character. He is a person that can be known and that we can relate with. But, we cannot separate his historical existence to the reality of his resurrection.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

To know Jesus means to be committed to following him and be his disciple. (CFC 473)
The knowledge of Jesus naturally flows to a commitment to his teaching and his way of living. The more we know him, the more we are moved by him to follow. It usually translates to a loving service of others.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

We come to know who Jesus is from what he did. (CFC 474)
It is through his salvific acts that we come to know who he is, his ministry, his words and deeds, his loving sacrifice on the cross and his resurrection from the dead. We are able to know this through the Gospels, which reflect these salvific acts of Jesus Christ.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Where do we begin?
Where do we start in our quest to know more about Jesus?

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Why do we need to read the Bible, particularly the Gospels, if we want to know Jesus Christ?

Tuesday, July 9, 13

When we know Jesus, we come to know both the historical earthly Jesus and the Risen Christ of faith (CFC 472). We come to terms with the historical Jesus through the witnessing of the Christian community, interpreted with the help of the inspired Scriptures and in the living Tradition of the Church (cf. CFC 475).

Tuesday, July 9, 13

How, then, should we read the Bible, particularly the Gospels? How is a good reading of the Gospels a possible encounter with Jesus Christ?

Tuesday, July 9, 13

How, then, should we read the Bible, particularly the Gospels? How is a good reading of the Gospels a possible encounter with Jesus Christ?
We should read the Bible as Scripture. What could this mean?

Tuesday, July 9, 13

CASE ANALYSES.

Buzz session. Discuss in your own groups. You will be asked to share your answers to the class.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Case#1: The Book of Answers

“Will I find my true love?”, “What should I take in College?” or “Should I study here or abroad?” Gino tells his friends that all these difficult questions about life have answers that can be found in the Bible. He opens the Bible on a random page, closes his eyes and points to a random verse. He exclaims that God answers his question through that particular verse.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Case #2: Written by a Very Good Secretary

Lino shared with his friend. The Bible is a book written by people as God dictates them to do so, just like a boss narrates to his secretary what needs to be written. He wants every word that is written to be exactly the words that he mentioned to the people. Therefore, this book is indeed perfect. Everything therefore written in the Bible directly comes from God and we must follow it word per word.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

DIVINE INSPIRATION.

Word of God in words of men.

PARADOX

Tuesday, July 9, 13

DIVINE INSPIRATION.
Word of God in words of men.

PARADOX

Inspired the human authors through the Holy Spirit.

GOD THE AUTHOR HUMAN AUTHORS
Free to use their creativity, faculties, literary style.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

REVELATION

DIVINE INSPIRATION
the writers were human authors Holy Spirit guided not dictated

MAN

shares tells prays records

(discernment & prayer)

HOLY SPIRIT

OTHERS
Tuesday, July 9, 13

DIVINE INSPIRATION

2 TIMOTHY 3:16-17
(Because it is inspired, it can be used for...)

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Case #3: World History Textbook
Gino asked his Social Studies teacher, “Cher, can I use the Holy Bible in my research on the civilizations that flourished in the Middle East? I heard that there are a lot of political characters there. I think I will be able to get a good historical data of what really happened during that period in that region. Then, I can compare it to what is happening now in Israel and Palestine.”

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Case #4: Conflicting Stories

The stories in the Bible are conflicting for Lino. He is already having doubts in treating the the Bible because a lot of historical or scientific data do not match nor make sense. For instance, how can the world be created in six days and man to appear on the last day? Why does science say it took billions of years before man came into the picture of creation? Lino believes that the the Bible loses credibility because of these mistakes in data.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

BIBLICAL INERRANCY.
Scientific & Historical Facts vs. Truth Error-free in terms of teaching faith and morals
Tuesday, July 9, 13

Human authors make mistakes. Different literary devices. Authors do not belong to our present-day rational and logical culture not written nor translated by only 1 person
Tuesday, July 9, 13

For the Church, the Bible imparts saving truth that can be relied upon to bring us into deeper communion with God. (CFC 89)

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Case #5: Personal Self-help Book

Gino keeps his Bible by his bedside as a reading material before going to sleep. “This book really speaks to me as if it was really meant for me.” He recommends it for others to have and read. When asked by a friend if he read it correctly, he said, “Don’t worry. In whichever way you read it, as long as it helps you, inspires you and makes you feel good, it should be correct.”

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Case #6: Only Scripture

Lino was listening to the homily during the Mass. Then, he said to himself, “If everything we do and we pray on comes from the Bible, why don’t we just read it? Why do we have to listen to these priests all throughout the Mass?” He echoes the sentiments of some people that for the Catholic faith to be authentically Christian, it should just follow the Scriptures.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

CANONICITY.
The Bible is a historical work. The Bible is the work of the Church.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Tuesday, July 9, 13

NORMA NORMANS NON NORMATA
The Norm of norms which cannot be normed.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Guided by the Holy Spirit, the Church determined the inspired and normative New Testament books in terms of their apostolic origin, coherence with the essential Gospel message and constant use in Church’s liturgy. (CFC 88)

The Church is both canonizer and inspired reader.
Tuesday, July 9, 13

How, then, should we read the Bible, particularly the Gospels? How is a good reading of the Gospels a possible encounter with Jesus Christ? We should read the Bible as Scripture, which means...

Tuesday, July 9, 13

[

PITSTOP

]

1. When was the last time I CON used the Bible and read it as TEM INSPIRED Word of God? PLA 2. When did the Bible last have TE an effect on me personally? 3. How can this discussion affect the way I pray with the Bible in class?

CON VE RSE
Tuesday, July 9, 13

Bring all your thoughts and reflections to prayer. What would you want to tell Jesus after what we have tackled today?

One new thing I learned about the Bible is… One thing that changed about my under-standing of the Bible is… One thing that was confirmed about my understanding of the Bible is…

Tuesday, July 9, 13

How, then, should we read the Bible, particularly the Gospels? How is a good reading of the Gospels a possible encounter with Jesus Christ? We should also read the Bible (including the Gospels) as literature, which means...

Tuesday, July 9, 13

MEANINGS

GENRE

CONTEXT

Tuesday, July 9, 13

GENRE

How is it similar from reading the Bible?
Tuesday, July 9, 13

TRUTH or FACT
Tuesday, July 9, 13

What about them is factual? What about them is truthful? Can it be truthful without being factual?
Tuesday, July 9, 13

What about them is factual? What about them is truthful?
Tuesday, July 9, 13

Can it be truthful without being factual?

Tuesday, July 9, 13

What about them is factual? What about them is truthful?
Can it be truthful without being factual?
Tuesday, July 9, 13

ANIMATED MOVIES
Tuesday, July 9, 13

TRUTH
always about FACTs ?

Is

Tuesday, July 9, 13

TRUTH

We suspend our disbelief or we will misunderstand the text.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

TRUTH

We suspend our disbelief or we will misunderstand the text.

The impossible becomes possible The unimaginable becomes real

Tuesday, July 9, 13

TRUTH
IS THE FOCUS OVER FACTS

Tuesday, July 9, 13

The Bible (the Gospels in particular) is comprised of different literary genres.

GENRE

Tuesday, July 9, 13

• Variety - There are many

GENRE

BIBLICAL

different genres used • Age - The writings and conventions are very ancient • Authors - The human authors are either unknown or unknowable
Tuesday, July 9, 13

[

PITSTOP

]

CON TEM PLA TE

How does my reading of the Gospels deepened by this discussion on GENRE?

Tuesday, July 9, 13

MEANINGS

GENRE

CONTEXT

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Look into the intention of LINKIN PARK in writing the song.

What struck you with the song?
Tuesday, July 9, 13

HOW DID THE INTENTION AFFECT YOUR VIEW OF THE SONG? What does this have to do with reading the Bible?
Tuesday, July 9, 13

PERSONAL
TEXT MEANING AUTHOR MEANING LITERAL MEANING

MEANING
Tuesday, July 9, 13

LAYERS OF

LITERAL MEANING

the words of the text

Tuesday, July 9, 13

author’s intentions/ commentary from authority
AUTHOR MEANING
Tuesday, July 9, 13

authority? Church Fathers Magisterium
Authority to teach in the Church (Pope, Cardinals, Bishops)

Bible Scholars
Exegesis, Hermeneutics

AUTHOR MEANING
Tuesday, July 9, 13

Context of the Author

basic idea of social, economic & religious conditions of authors in their particular historical situations.

AUTHOR MEANING
Tuesday, July 9, 13

ANNUNCIATION

Tuesday, July 9, 13

What can be a literal reading of this text?
A justification of teenage pregnancy?

ANNUNCIATION

Tuesday, July 9, 13

WHAT CAN

HELP ME UNDERSTAND AUTHOR & TEXT?
Tuesday, July 9, 13

Tuesday, July 9, 13

FORMATION of the GOSPELS

Stage1: JESUS & DISCIPLES The life and teaching of Jesus

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Stage2: DISCIPLES & CHURCH Oral Tradition - Building the Church

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Stage3: CHURCH & EVANGELISTS Written Tradition - Writing of the Bible

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Tuesday, July 9, 13

of the GOSPELS

CONTEXT

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Tuesday, July 9, 13

W
DW

Possibly a follower of Peter. AD 65-70 Suffering Servant, Son of Man, Son of God, Messiah, Lord. A Gentile Christian community in Rome undergoing persecution.
The Romans subdue armed Jewish rebellions. Christians experience persecutions in Rome.

J AC HS
Tuesday, July 9, 13

W
DW

A Jewish Christian; the apostle Matthew AD 75-80 Teacher and prophet like Moses, Son of God, Son of Man, Messiah, Lord A Jewish Christian community in Antioch, Syria
Written after Romans had destroyed all of Jerusalem, including the Temple of Herod

J AC HS
Tuesday, July 9, 13

W
DW

A Gentile Christian; Paul’s traveling companion AD 80-85 Great healer, merciful, compassion for the poor, Son of God, Son of Man, Messiah, Lord Written to Theophilus (“lover of God”) who possibly represents andy Gentile Christian
Written when the persecution of Jews and Christians was intensifying

J AC HS
Tuesday, July 9, 13

W
DW

The beloved disciple; the apostle John AD 90-110 Logos, Word of God, Son of God, Son of Man, Lamb of God, Redeemer, Messiah, Lord Community of Jews, Gentiles and Samaritans of Ephesus and Turkey
Emperor Domitian deified himself and mandated that all people worship him. Jewish leaders banned Christians from synagogues.

J AC HS
Tuesday, July 9, 13

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Tuesday, July 9, 13

JESUS

THE WORLD OF

THE WORLD OF

6 9

JESUS
7 4 5

1 2 3

10
Tuesday, July 9, 13

BASIC GEOGRAPHY OF PALESTINE (The Places that Matter)

8

THE WORLD OF

6 9

JESUS
7 4

1 2

10 Political Climate 5 in Israel 3 8 (“Current” Events & Key Figures)
Tuesday, July 9, 13

THE WORLD OF

Basic Religious Beliefs & Practices (Feasts, Liturgy and Worship)

6

JESUS
7 4 5

1

9

2 3

10
Tuesday, July 9, 13

8

THE WORLD OF

6 9

JESUS
7 4

1 2

Social Situation of the People 10 5 3 8 (Social Groups, Education & Language)
Tuesday, July 9, 13

THE WORLD OF

6 9

JESUS
7 4 5

1 2 3

Economic Situation of Israel (Socio-economic Status of People, Wealth & Monetary System)

10
Tuesday, July 9, 13

8

[

PITSTOP

]

CON TEM PLA TE

How does being aware of the other layers of meaning in the Bible affect the way I read?

Tuesday, July 9, 13

MEANINGS

GENRE

CONTEXT

Tuesday, July 9, 13

PERSONAL
TEXT MEANING AUTHOR MEANING LITERAL MEANING

CAN WE READ THE BIBLE WITHOUT THE OUTERMOST LAYER?
Tuesday, July 9, 13

PARABLE OF THE (Luke 15)

PRODIGAL SON

Tuesday, July 9, 13

WHICH AMONG

THE TWO
WILL HAVE A

READING?
Tuesday, July 9, 13

RICHER

Jay had an argument with his parents. He decided to leave home and stay with a friend. He was separated from his parents for quite a long while. Then, he found out that his father was rushed to the hospital. He felt very bad and planned to go home to his family. When he visited his dad, he was very afraid that they’re still mad at him for leaving. But to his surprise, his parents just showed great happiness that he returned and that started their reconciliation.
Tuesday, July 9, 13

Pete was always obedient to his parents. As much as possible he avoids doing things that will make them upset. But on the day of his graduation, Pete wanted to pursue his passion for music. His father wanted him to apply what he learned in Management to their family business and he did not want Pete to go into music because it has no stable income. For the first time in his life, he disobeyed his father and decided to pursue his love for music.

Jay had an argument with his parents. He decided to leave home and stay with a friend. He was separated from his parents for quite a long while. Then, he found out that his father was rushed to the hospital. He felt very bad and planned to go home to his family. When he visited his dad, he was very afraid that they’re still mad at him for leaving. But to his surprise, his parents just showed great happiness that he returned and that started their reconciliation.
Tuesday, July 9, 13

Pete was always obedient to his parents. As much as possible he avoids doing things that will make them upset. But on the day of his graduation, Pete wanted to pursue his passion for music. His WHO WILL father wanted himHAVE to apply what he learned in Management to their family business and he did not want Pete to go into music because it has no stable income. For the first time in his life, he disobeyed his father and decided to pursue his love for music.

IS JAY THE ONLY ONE

READING?

RICHER

Jay had an argument with his parents. He decided to leave home and stay with a friend. He was separated from his parents for quite a long while. Then, he found out that his father was rushed to the hospital. He felt very bad and planned to go home to his family. When he visited his dad, he was very afraid that they’re still mad at him for leaving. But to his surprise, his parents just showed great happiness that he returned and that started their reconciliation.

HAVE A
READING?

CAN’T PETE

RICHER

Pete was always obedient to his parents. As much as possible he avoids doing things that will make them upset. But on the day of his graduation, Pete wanted to pursue his passion for music. His father wanted him to apply what he learned in Management to their family business and he did not want Pete to go into music because it has no stable income. For the first time in his life, he disobeyed his father and decided to pursue his love for music.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

Jay had an argument with his parents. He decided to leave home and stay with a friend. He was separated from his parents for quite a long while. Then, he found out that his father was rushed to the hospital. He felt very bad and planned to go home to his family. When he visited his dad, he was very afraid that they’re still mad at him for leaving. But to his surprise, his parents just showed great happiness that he returned and that started their reconciliation.
Tuesday, July 9, 13

C O N T E X T

Pete was always obedient to his parents. As much as possible he avoids doing things that will make them upset. But on the day of his graduation, Pete wanted to pursue his passion for music. His father wanted him to apply what he learned in Management to their family business and he did not want Pete to go into music because it has no stable income. For the first time in his life, he disobeyed his father and decided to pursue his love for music.

C O N T E w/o it, our reading will be X impoverished and will remain T artificial.
Tuesday, July 9, 13

GENRE READ MEANINGS
HOW DO WE
AS LITERATURE?

THE BIBLE

CONTEXT

Tuesday, July 9, 13

[

PITSTOP

]

CON 1. How does my reading of the Gospels deepened by TEM this discussion on GENRE? PLA 2. How does being aware of TE the other layers of meaning
in the Bible affect the way I read? 3. Do I read the Bible using my own context? OR, do I just read the Bible simply for study?

Tuesday, July 9, 13

PERSONAL

TEXT MEANING AUTHOR MEANING LITERAL MEANING
Tuesday, July 9, 13

of JESUS
PERSONAL

THE WORLD
TEXT MEANING AUTHOR MEANING LITERAL MEANING

Tuesday, July 9, 13

HOW WILL A

READING of theBIBLE?
Tuesday, July 9, 13

AFFECT MY

KNOWLEDGE of HIS WORLD

[
SYN THE SIS

FINAL PITSTOP

]

Such was the world of Jesus. There is much that we do not know. The historical records that give us a glimpse into this past are fragmentary. But what we do know is helpful. The world of Jesus was a cosmopolitan world, in touch with both Greek and Roman cultures. An educated man might even be tri-lingual, fluent not only in his native Aramaic but able to carry on business in Greek and Latin.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

[
SYN THE SIS

FINAL PITSTOP

]

It was also a world of deep religious conviction, where dissent and individual persuasion were generally tolerated. But it was also a world of ominous political tension, a world that seemed to be moving toward an inevitable holocaust, a world in which the birthright of God’s people had been diminished by oppression and despair.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

[
SYN THE SIS

FINAL PITSTOP

]

This was the world that Jesus of Nazareth ministered to. The later world in which the Gospels were written experienced profound changes separating it from the time and conditions that Jesus faced. Judaism was profoundly transformed and the Christian mission was moving across the face of the empire.

Tuesday, July 9, 13

[
SYN THE SIS

FINAL PITSTOP

]

But the Gospel tradition and the words and works of Jesus it portrays still find roots in this past world. To know of it is to know something more about Jesus.”

- Fr. Donald Senior C.P. (Jesus: A Gospel Portrait)

How does Jesus’ world affect my reading of the Gospel -- His story?

Tuesday, July 9, 13

By reading the Bible as literature, it becomes the text that I interpret using the context of my life. By reading the Bible as Scripture, it becomes the context that I need to interpret the text of my life.
J. Go, S.J. Lecture to the IB CLE 2013
Tuesday, July 9, 13

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