u06d2 Gender Differences

What does the research suggest about gender differences in aggression? How could you apply this information in your current or future professional setting to help reduce aggression?

Resources
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Attributes and Evaluation of Discussion Contributions. Professional Communications and Writing Guide.

From a genetic and sociological point of view, male aggression has been traditionally a means of achieving and maintaining status in society (Kassin, Fein, & Markus, 2008). Some researchers postulate that male aggression is sometimes motivated by sexual jealousy of other threatening males in relationship to women. Others indicate that males strive for social status and power and are thus psycho sociologically predisposed to aggressive tendencies (Kassin, Fein, & Markus, 2008). I would add that basic hormonal and physiological differences in males and females also contribute to the tendency for males to demonstrate aggression and violence. Conversely, females have the instinctual tendency to express aggressive behavior to defend or protect their offspring. But overall, the style of aggression in females tends to be more covert and less direct than in males (Kassin, Fein, & Markus, 2008) . The struggle today for practitioners to devise treatment strategies to help clients in abating and controlling aggression is monumental. A variety of stimuli in American society, such as media sources and affirmations of violent acts in sporting events for example, all contribute to the growing escalation of aggression and violence. Youth aggression and violence has increased as a result of factors such as the media influences, the cycle of poverty, family disintegration, drug and alcohol abuse and racial discrimination. Normative aggressive behavior in society also stems from an inherent belief in an American culture of honor which supports and often condones honor-based violence. Practitioners must apply several parameters of psychosocial analysis to properly intervene and treat aggression in clients. A few general guidelines are: 1) Give attention to contributing and contextual sociological factors not only psychological elements of male predisposition to aggression and dysfunction, 2) Consider aggressive behavior as a means to an end by formulating a treatment plan that helps male clients understand the root causes, and 3) construct healthy and attractive social and educational alternatives to meet male and female developmental needs.

Anthony Rhodes References Kassin, S. Fein, S. & Markus, H. (2008). Social psychology (7th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN: 9780618989966.

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