SOALAN 2 (a) (Independent Sample T-Test) Menguji perbezaan min antara dua kumpulan.

Persoalan Kajian: Adakah terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan bagi skor kebimbangan terhadap kursus GB6023 pada awal semester antara pelajar lelaki dan perempuan? Hipotesis Kajian: Ho : Tidak terdapat perbezaan min yang signifikan bagi skor kebimbangan terhadap kursus GB6023 pada awal semester antara pelajar lelaki dan perempuan. ( µ1 = µ2 ) Ha : Terdapat perbezaan min yang signifikan bagi skor kebimbangan terhadap kursus GB6023 pada awal semester antara pelajar lelaki dan perempuan. ( µ1 ≠ µ2 )

Group Statistics Gender Male Perceived_Anxiety_class_Time1 Female 123 5.5305 1.42561 .12854 N 35 Mean 5.5643 Std. Deviation 1.53554 Std. Error Mean .25955

By observing the means it can be seen that male participant produced more errors on the perceived anxiety score in the early semester but this difference may not be significant. To ascertain if this result is significant or due to chance the Independent Samples Test table must be examined. The Std. Deviation shows that the male participant have a wider spread of scores than the female group.

58261 Upper t-test for Equality of Means Levene’s test has found that the two variances do not differ significantly where F= 0.505 assumed Perceived_Anxiety_class_Time1 Equal variances .122 156 . . therefore.122.27784 . Error Difference 95% Confidence Interval of the Difference Lower Equal variances . p>0.117 not assumed 51.54745 . (2tailed) Mean Difference Std. p> 0.03380 .61504 .908 .05 which we can accept our null hypothesis that there are not significantly mean differences between the male and female participant in the perceived anxiety score in the early semester. we can accept the equal variances assumption and use the top line values.903 .03380 .05.28964 .854 . as the variances are not significantly different. The result of two-tailed hypothesis shows that t(156) = 0.478 . t df Sig.505.Independent Samples Test Levene's Test for Equality of Variances F Sig.51501 .

50 2.029.20515 1.5380 1. The Std.7069 3. Cina dan India? Hipotesis Kajian: Ho : Tidak terdapat perbezaan min yang signifikan antara skor kebimbangan terhadap kursus GB6023 pada awal semester antara pelajar Melayu.44572 .40000 . As for Indian student have the lowest anxiety level in the early semester where their mean perceived anxiety is 4.00 9.25 9.7652 2.75 5. Cina dan India.00 Minimum Maximum The table above displays the mean perceived anxiety score in the early semester in the four races conditions.393.8214 4. Persoalan Kajian: Adakah terdapat perbezaan yang sinifikan antara skor kebimbangan terhadap kursus GB6023 pada awal semester antara pelajar berbangsa Melayu.02933 .38905 .89443 1.25 4.7394 5.3929 4. Deviation Std.11502 5. ( µ1 = µ2 = µ3 ) Ha : Terdapat perbezaan min yang sinifikan antara skor kebimbangan terhadap kursus GB6023 pada awal semester antara pelajar Melayu. Chinese students (4.6565 4.50 6.657). ( µ1 ≠ µ2 ≠ µ3 ) Descriptives Perceived_Anxiety_class_Time1 N Mean Std.45550 .4122 3.00 6.45658 1. Cina dan India.821) and others races student (4.9360 5.9606 5.3448 5. Deviation indicates the spread of score in the four races.45658) .00 2.9008 5. It can be seen that Malay student have higher anxiety level in the early semester (mean perceived anxiety = 5.50 3.3108 Upper Bound 5.12355 .4409 3. Error 95% Confidence Interval for Mean Lower Bound Malay Chinese Indian Others Total 139 7 7 5 158 5.8500 5.SOALAN 2 (b) (ANOVA 1 WAY) Menguji perbezaan min antara lebih daripada dua kumpulan. The largest spread of scores was found in Malay students (1.850) have similar concerns in scores where the mean difference in their perceived anxiety scores was 0.

. p < 0.821.041 From the Anova table. we can reject our null hypothesis. we see that the Sig. Value is 0. As p < 0.092 311. We can therefore assume thatthe variances are approximately equal. . this indicates that there is a significant differences between the four groups.056 328. .05. 154) = 2. However. we can see that F(3. which is greater than 0.05.515 df1 3 df2 154 Sig.697 2.213. As this result. ANOVA Perceived_Anxiety_class_Time1 Sum of Squares Between Groups Within Groups Total 17. it does not state where the significance lies.Test of Homogeneity of Variances Perceived_Anxiety_class_Time1 Levene Statistic 1.05.147 df 3 154 157 Mean Square 5.213 From this above table.821 Sig.020 F 2.

0721 1.973 .214 .64692 .4715 1. as is the difference between the Chinese and Malay group as the p values are small and less than 0. Error Sig.55053 .02857 . From this table we can see that the difference between Malay and Indian group is significant.9293 1.80647 -.26362 * Std.64692 .6154 -1.83218 .02857 -1.Multiple Comparisons Dependent Variable: Perceived_Anxiety_class_Time1 LSD (I) Race (J) Race Mean Difference (IJ) Chinese Malay Indian Others Malay Chinese Indian Others Malay Indian Chinese Others Malay Others Chinese Indian .573 . .584 . The mean difference is significant at the 0.131 .6725 -2.023 .973 .75967 .0721 -1.55053 .023 .3512 2.42857 -.83505 . The Multiple Comparisons table shows al the possible pairwise comparisons for our three groups of participants.9226 -1.83218 .131 .55053 .1868 .05 level.75967 .26362 * -.45714 -.42857 -.584 -.83218 .1011 -2.214 .9226 2.55053 .45714 *.80647 .6154 -.1868 .2525 1.0844 -1.2525 .1761 1. 95% Confidence Interval Lower Bound Upper Bound 1.9293 -2.3512 -1.83505 1.1761 -.573 .1011 .4715 -1.83218 .05.0844 .6725 2.

SOALAN 2 (c) (PEARSON CORRELATION) Menguji hubungan (data parametrik) . ( µ1 = µ2 ) Ha : Terdapat hubungan antara skor persepsi kendiri pelajar dengan skor sikap pelajar terhadap aktiviti kursus GB6023 pada awal semester. ( µ1 ≠ µ2 ) .kolerasi Persoalan Kajian: Adakah terdapat hubungan antara skor persepsi kendiri pelajar dengan skor sikap pelajar terhadap aktiviti kursus GB6023 pada awal semester? Hipotesis Kajian: Ho : Tidak terdapat hubungan antara skor persepsi kendiri pelajar dengan skor sikap pelajar terhadap aktiviti kursus GB6023 pada awal semester.

05.194.194 * Self_Perception_Tim e1 1 .194* .From the graph above we can see that the student self perception score in the early semester have weak correlation. p < 0. N = 155.018 149 154 The Pearson Correlation test statistic = 0. SPSS indicates with * that it is significant at the 0.29 is considered as weak correlation.18 and we can conclude the result as r = 0. Correlation is significant at the 0.10 to .194 with the student attitude score in the early semester towards the GB6023 course activity. (2-tailed) N *.194. which is a positive correlation. Correlations Attitude_towards_cla ss_Time1 Pearson Correlation Attitude_towards_class_Time1 Sig. . we can state that we have a positive correlation between our two variables and our null hypothesis can be rejected. (2-tailed) N Pearson Correlation Self_Perception_Time1 Sig.018 149 1 . The actual p value is shown to be 0. This result agree with Cohen (1988) which state that r= . r=. As the r value reported is positive and p < 0. These result indicate that as the student attitude score in the early semester towards the GB6023 course activity increase.05 level (2-tailed).05. 155 . the student self perception score in the early semester also increases.05 level for a two-tailed prediction.

000 . ( µ1 ≠ µ2 ) Correlations Perceived_Anxiety_ class_Time1 Correlation Coefficient Perceived_Anxiety_class_Time1 Sig.05 indicate that there is no effect on the increase of the student perceived anxiety score in the early semester toward the expected grade for the GB6023 course. p > 0.120 158 1.124 .120 158 Expected_Grade By observing the Spearman correlation output matrix it can be seen that student perceived anxiety score in the early semester is not correlated with the expected grade for the GB6023 course. As the result is rs = 0. 160 . N = 160.000 . (2-tailed) N Spearman's rho Correlation Coefficient Expected_Grade Sig.124 . .SOALAN 2 (d) (SPEARMAN CORRELATION) Menguji hubungan (data bukan parametrik) Persoalan Kajian: Adakah terdapat hubungan antara skor kebimbangan pelajar pada awal semester dengan Jangkaan Gred bagi kursus GB6023? Hiptesis Kajian: Ho : Tidak terdapat hubungan antara skor kebimbangan pelajar pada awal semester dengan jangkaan Gred bagi kursus GB6023. (2-tailed) N .124. 158 1. (µ1 = µ2) Ha : Terdapat hubungan antara skor kebimbangan pelajar pada awal semester dengan jangkaan Gred bagi kursus GB6023.

.As the scatter plot diagram above shows that there a no correlation between the two variable.

(µ1 = µ2 ) Ha : Terdapat perbezaan min yang signifikan bagi pelajar yang masih bujang dengan yang sudah berkahwin antara pelajar lelaki dan perempuan yang mengambil kursus GB6023.012. Here we can conclude that there is a significant difference between the marital status and the gender of the participant and null hypothesis can be rejected.50. p=0.012 The test statistic generally reported is the Mann-Whitney U which is 1625.50 9128.SOALAN 2 (e) (Mann-Whitney U Test) Ujian statistik yang lain.82 Sum of Ranks 3274.50 Test Statisticsa Marital Status Mann-Whitney U Wilcoxon W Z Asymp. Sig (2-tailed). Persoalan Kajian: Adakah terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan bagi pelajar yang masih bujang dengan yang sudah berkahwin antara pelajar lelaki dan perempuan yang mengambil kursus GB6023? Hipotesis Kajian: Ho : Tidak terdapat perbezaan min yang signifikan bagi pelajar yang masih bujang dengan yang sudah berkahwin antara pelajar lelaki dan perempuan yang mengambil kursus GB6023.05 is considered to be indicative of significant differences. (2-tailed) a.05. . Our hypothesis is also supported by examining the mean ranks that shows male reports a higher mean ranking of the marital status than female.56 74. The probability value is ascertained by examining the Asymp.519 .500 -2. p < 0. (µ1 ≠ µ2 ) Ranks Gender Male Marital Status Female Total N 35 122 157 Mean Rank 93. Sig. Grouping Variable: Gender 1625. The result show that U = 1625. A figure of less than 0.500 in the above table.500 9128.

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