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Antisocial Personality Disorder most people have probably heard that term in passing. Usually we tie it with those people within our society that show a correlation to violent crime. However, this disorder is not just the domain of those who fit the Hannibal Lecter persona. Instead it can be found in the business world as well as all other areas of society. According to Weiten (2007), "antisocial personality disorder is marked by impulsive, callous, manipulative, aggressive, and irresponsible behavior that reflects a failure to accept social norms" (p. 581).1 These are essentially the sharks of the human world. They are predatory in nature and often times shrouded in mystery. However, that predatory nature often manifests itself early in childhood. The maladaptive behavior is rooted in conduct adverse to social functionality. Imagine if you will a child that begins to find itself in trouble due to outbursts of often time dishonest or violent behavior. According to Weiten (2007), "The antisocial personality disorder occurs much more frequently among males than females. Studies suggest that it is a moderately common disorder, seen in roughly 3%-6% of males and about 1% of females" (p. 581). As you can see this behavioral disorder manifests itself in a much higher rate in males. It may be higher in males because many of the symptoms displayed in antisocial behaviors are often stereotypically assigned male behaviors. Often enough society tends to look the other way when males are violent or disruptive in their day to day functioning within society. So it would not be that shocking to find that antisocial personality disorder is probably a great deal more prevalent within males in society and just underreported. According to the

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Weiten, W. (2007). Psychological Disorders. Psychology: themes and variations (7th ed., p. 581). Australia: Thomson/Wadsworth.

If you can't function within society then it is no shock that prisons become a catchall for those suffering from mental illnesses. Retrieved July 8. (n. (2012. It is effectively what makes the individual very predatory. Because without a feeling of remorse there is no restraint of action. National Center for Biotechnology Information.PubMed Health. from http://www. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information. The highlight of antisocial personality disorder centers around the lack of remorse or lack of conscience. repeatedly lie.nih. "Genetic factors and environmental factors. NIMH · Home. such as child abuse.d.shtml 3 Antisocial personality disorder . are believed to contribute to the development of this condition.nih.ncbi.nimh.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001919/ . Far more men than women are affected. 2013. from http://www. 2013. However. place others at risk for their own benefit. U. 2 NIMH · Statistics · Antisocial Personality Disorder .nlm.gov/Statistics/1Antisocial. no conclusive root has been found for this maladaptive behavior. Retrieved July 8.).S.2 National Institute of Mental Health that behavior manifests as a "…disregard social norms and laws. and demonstrate a profound lack of remorse" (National Institute of Mental Health 2013)2.National Library of Medicine . The condition is common among people who are in prison" (National Center for Biotechnology Information 2013)3. People with an antisocial or alcoholic parent are at increased risk. November 10). National Library of Medicine. Some signs point towards to both a social and inherited origin for this behavioral disorder.

Presniak. due to the ambigioutiy of this mental illness it is also harder to treat.1. Antisocial. T. They strongly fear their true selfstate of feeling worthless or devalued.5 Yet.. Some research has shown that antisocial personality disorder sufferers tend to project another image entirely which they do not accept. and Olson p. According to Perry. M. Presniak.Psychiatry: Interpersonal & Biological Processes. doi:10. what are the biological roots for this mental illness? According to NYU Langone Medical Center. such as abnormal chemistry in the nervous system and impairment in the parts of the brain that affect judgment. decision-making.4 Abnormal brain chemistry can cause a cornicopia of behaviorial issues. 2013.3 However. 47-48). and impulsive and aggressive behavior" (NYU Langone Medical Center 2012). & Olson. (2012). planning. 47-48.1521/psyc. and Narcissistic Personality Disorders. Presniak..32 . "…ASP and/or psychopathy. J. 4 NYU Langone Medical Center. Defense Mechanisms in Schizotypal. R. "Researchers believe that biological factors may contribute.med.nyu.76.edu/content?ChunkIID=96473 5 Perry.2013. Retrieved July 8. (2013). and the use of denial and omnipotence/grandiosity helps keep this experience of the self from awareness. have a splitoff selfimage…wherein the negative image is denied. from http://www. They tend to disavow any negative experiece by denying the effects of their behaviors…" (Perry. Home Page | NYU Langone Medical Center. Borderline. D. and Olson (2013). 76(1).

even when treatment has been forced upon the individual usually do to being involuntarily committed the treatments tend to be a mix bag of therapy and medications. Many times those who suffer from antisocial personality disorder learn to adapt so that their level of functionality is more standardized with the rest of society. However. So as with many behavioral disorders there is no pharmaceutical magic bullt treatment. Many individuals ultimately find themselves back in the judicial system when faced with living with this mental illness. In general. So they do not acitvely seek out a means of treatment unless pushed to do so by outside judicial forces. "Medications are used to deal with specific symptoms. Instead most the high rates of poverty and lack of access to mental health treatments often enough incarceration is the only course of awaiting these individuals. They find themselves quite at home in areas of business where motivations are often less driven by coinciense. . According to NYU Langone Medical Center ( 2012). such as aggressiveness and irritability…Mood stabilizers such as lithium or carbamazepine may also be useful to improve impulsivity. these individuals do not always end up there. medications that are likely to be abused are usually avoided because people with this disorder also often have substance abuse problems" (NYU Langone Medical Center 2012).4 Treatment for antisocial personality disorder is very difficult for a very obvious reasons. Yet. So they are adaptive at surviving their maladaptive behaviors. Rarely do they realize that their behaviors are maladaptive.

However. Sometimes that improvement never comes. So sometimes a slight improvement is noticed by the time an individual suffering from antisocial personality disorder reaches middleage. that treatment can only work if the individual themselves seeks treatment. The treatment is often a mix method of counseling and pharmacological However. and violent outbursts.5 Yet. Negative in the sense that without continued treatment or therapy the individual will ultimately relapse into a the maladaptive behaviors that caused the problems in the first place. Even if forced into involuntary treatment the outcomes are rather negative. those maladaptive behaviors still often land them behind bars. Or the individual ultimately finds themselves incarcerated for violent outbursts. Antisocial personality disorder ultimately remains as mystery epidmeologically. " Symptoms tend to peak during the late teenage years and early 20s. the prognosis is not entirely bleak. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information (2012). Therapy is the only thing that can force someone suffering from antisocial personality disorder to see the underlying causual factors that manifest into grandiosity. . They sometimes improve on their own by a person's 40s" (National Center for Biotechnology Information 2012). unethical behaviors.

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