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UDC 624 (083.

75)

SABS 1200 NB-1981

SOUTH AFRICAN BUREAU OF STANDARDS

STANDARDIZED SPECIFICATION

for

C I V I L ENGINEERING CONSTRUCTION

NB : RAILWAY SIDINGS (TRACKWORK)

Approved by t h e COUNCIL OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN BUREAU OF STANDARDS o n 4 November 1951

O b t a i n a b l e from the S A BUREAU OF STANDARDS P r i v a t e Rag X191 Pretoria 0001 R e p u b l i c oE S o u t h A f r i c a

Telegrams : Comparator, P r e t o r i a P u b l i s h e d and p r i n t e d i n the R e p u b l i c of S o u t h A f r i c a by the S o u t h A f r i c a n Bureau oE S t a n d a r d s

ISBN 0-626-06060-5

Gr 8

3
CONTENTS
Cla11se

SARS 1200 NB-1031 Railway s i d i n g s ( t r a c k w o r k )

Page Kurnher

.2.1 .3.1
3.2 3.2.1 3.2.2 3.2.3 3.2.4 3.2.5 3.2.6 3.2.7 3.2.8 3.2.9 3.2.10 3.2.11 3.2.12 3.2.13 3.2.14 3.2.15 3.3 3.4 2.2 2.3 2.4

SCOPE INTEKPKl?TATIONS Supporting S p e c i f i c a t i o n s Application Definitions Abhrrviations MATERIALS General Railway Trackwork General Rails Junction rails Junction fishplates F i s h b o l t s n u t s . and w a s h e r s S l e e p e r s and c r o s s i n g t i m b e r s and b e a r e r s Fishplates Rail-to-sleeper f a s t e n i n g s Turnouts. s l i p s . and crossing Stopblocks Derall d e v i c e s Clearance markers I n s u l a t e d r a i l joints ( b l o c k j o i n t s ) and r a i l bonds

.4.1 5. 5.1

6 7

. .7.1

5.1.1 5.1.2 5.1.3 5.2 5.2.1 5.2.2 5.2.3 5.2.4 5.2.5 5.2.6 5.2.7 5.2.8 5.2.9 5.2.10 5.2.11 5.2.12 5.2.13 5.2.14 5.2.15 5.3

.a .

7.2 7.3
1

8.2 8.3

....................................................................... ......................................................................... ............................................................... ......................................................................... ........................................................................... ................................................... .............. ................................................... ......... ................................................... . ....................................... ................................................... .................. .. ................................................... .................................................. ................................................... .................. .............. ................................................... ........... ................................................... ............................. B a l l a s t ......................................................................... S i g n b o a r d s ...................................................................... S t a c k i n g and H a n d l i n g of P W M .................................................... T r a n s p o r t ....................................................................... PLANT ........................................................................... G e n e r a l ......................................................................... CONSTKUCTION .................................................................... P r e c a u t i o n s ..................................................................... S a f e t y .......................................................................... C l e a r a n c e s ...................................................................... P r i v a t e s i d i n g agreement ........................................................ Methods and P r o c e d u r e s .......................................................... Permanent way c o n s t r u c t i o n s t a n d a r d s ............................................ S e t t i n g o u t ...................................................................... S u p e r v i s i o n ..................................................................... Laying of s l e e p e r s .............................................................. S t r a i g h t e n i n g and b e n d i n g of r a i l s .............................................. Laying of rails ................................................................. Gauging and a s t e n l n g of r a i l s to s l e e p e r s ...................................... S u p e r e l e v a t i o n .................................................................. L i f t i n g . tamping . and boxing i n ................................................. T u r n o u t s . s l i p s . a n d c r o s s i n g s .................................................. S t o p b l o c k s ...................................................................... C l e a r a n c e m a r k e r s ............................................................... F i l l i n g between t r a c k s .......................................................... Derail d e v i c e s .................................................................. S i g n b o a r d s ...................................................................... ............... C l e a r a n c e of on Completion ................................. ............... TOLERANCIlS ...................................................... TESTING ......................................................... ............... ............... G e n e r a l ......................................................... I n s p e c t i o n and Checking of t h e S i d i n g by SAR .................... ............... C e r t i f i c a t e of Compliance and IJndertaking by Owner .............. ............... ............... MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT ......................................... ............... Basic P r i n c i p l e s ................................................ Computation of Q u a n t i t i e s ....................................... ............... ............... Scheduled Items .................................................
Site

........................................................................... ................................................................. ....................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ...................................................................

5
5

5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
7

7 7 7 7 7

a a a a 8 a 8 a a
9 9

10
10 10 10 10 10 10
10 10

11 11 11 11 11
11 11

12 12

DRAVINGS Drawing Drawing Drawing Drawing


NE-1

S t r u c t u r e Gauges ( S t r a i g h t T r a c k ) NB-3 S t r u c t u r e Gauges (Curves) Gauge 1 065 mm NB-4 . Sleeper Spacing

NB-2

APPENDIX A

..................................................... ....................................... ................................ ................................................................. . APPLICABLE STANDARDS ............................................................


. Method of S t a c k i n g S l e e p e r s

. Minimum . Minimum

15 16
17

18

19

4 November 1981 Approved by t h e


COUNCIL OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN BUREAU OF STANDARDS

SABS 1200 NB-1981 Railway s i d i n g s (trackwork)

sourii

AFRICAN BUREAU OF STANDARDS

STANDARDIZED SPI.:CIFICATION

for
C I V I L ENGINEERING CONSTRUCTION

NB : RAILWAY SIDINGS (TRACKWORK)

1.
1.1 T h i s s p e c i f i c a t i o n c o v e r s t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n of r a i l w a y p r i v a t e s i d i n g s i n c l u d i n g crackwork. c r a c k r e n e w a l , r e r a l l i n g , r e s l e e p e r i n g . r e l a y i n g of cracks. and t h e upgrading and maintenance of r a i l w a y p r i v a t e s i d i n g s ( w i t h t h e u s e , i n each c a s e . of new o r second-hand material), a l l i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s of the p r i v a t e s i d i n g s p u b l i c a t i o n 1 ) of the SAR. The s p e c i f i c a t i o n c o v e r s c o ~ t r u c t i o nfrom t h e end of the cake-off t u r n o u t where t h i s h a s been Strpplied and i n s t a l l e d by t h e SAR i n c r a c k owned by the SAR. o r from t h e b e g i n n i n g of t h e take-off t u r n o u t where t h i s is CO be i n s t a l l e d i n c r a c k owned by a p a r t y o t h e r than t h e SAR. The s p e c i f i c a t i o n also c o v e r s r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r o t h e r works i n v o l v i n g r u n n i n g r a i l s such as c r a n e c r a c k s , r a i l s i n quay walls, s l i p w a y s , etc. NOTE: 2.. 2.1 The s t a n d a r d s r e f e r r e d t o i n t h e s p e c i f i c a t i o n are l i s t e d i n Appendix A.

INTERPRETATIONS SUPPORTING SPECIFICATIONS. Where t h i s s p e c i f i c a t i o n is r e q u i r e d f o r a p r o j e c t , t h e f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c a t i o n s s h a l l , i n t e r a l i a , form p a r t of t h e c o n t r a c t document: a) P r o j e c t s p e c i f i c a t i o n ; b) SABS 1200 A or SABS 1200 AA, a s a p p l i c a b l e ; c) SABS 1200 D o r SABS 1200 DA, as a p p l i c a b l e ; d ) SABS 1200 DN. Where t h e p r o j e c t i n c l u d e s c o n c r e t e work, SABS 1200 G or SARS 1200 CA, as a p p l i c a b l e , s h a l l a l s o form p a r t of t h e c o n t r a c t document. APPLICATION. T h i s s p e c i f i c a t i o n c o n t a i n s clauses t h a t a r e g e n e r a l l y a p p l i c a b l e CO r a i l w a y s i d i n g c o n s c r u c t i o n . I n t e r p r e t a t i o n s of and v a r i a t i o n s t o t h e s p e c i f i c a t i o n are s e t o u t i n P o r t i o n 2 of the p r o j e c t s p e c i f i c a t i o n . which p r e c e d e s this s p e c i f i c a t i o n i n a c o n t r a c t document. DEFINITIONS. For t h e purposes of t h i s s p e c i f i c a t i o n che d e f i n i t i o n s g i v e n i n t h e a p p l i c a b l e OE che s p e c i f i c a t i o n s l i s t e d i n 2.1 and che f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s s h a l l a p p l y : A p p l i c a n t . The p r o s p e c t i v e owner of a p r i v a t e s i d i n g . B a l l a s t t r a i n . A t r a i n w i t h t r u c k s f o r l o a d i n g or u n l o a d i n g i n s e c t i o n , b a l l a s t , permanent way m a t e r i a l , o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l r e q u i r e d f o r c a r r y i n g out t h e c o n t r a c t . B a l l a s c i n g . The o p e r a t i o n of s u p p l y i n g b a l l a s t and of p l a c i n g i c CO s u p p o r t and complete a t r a c k . Beginning of a t u r n o u t . The s t o c k r a i l j o i n t . D e s c r e s s i n g . The p r o c e d u r e whereby temperacure stresses i n long welded and c o n t i n u o u s r a i l s are brought within acceptable l i m i t s . Diamond c r o s s i n g . An arrangement of c r o s s i n g s t h a c e n a b l e s a t r a i n CO cross a c r a c k w i t h o u t b e i n g d i v e r t e d from one t r a c k t o a n o t h e r . Gauge. The s h o r t e s t d i s t a n c e between t h e r u n n i n g e d g e s of t h e t w o rails of a crack. m a t i n g j o i n t (Block j o i n t ) . A r a i l j o i n t where t h e a d j a c e n t r a i l s are e l e c t r i c a l l y i n s u l a t e d from each o t h e r . Rails chac have been welded i n c o l e n g t h s l o n g e r than 36 m, and chac may be Long welded r a i l s (LWR). welded s u b s e q u e n t l y i n t h e t r a c k i n c o c o n t i n u o u s l e n g t h s w i t h o u t f i s h p l a t e d j o i n t s . Mach h e Heavy-weight machine. A machine t h a t may b e u s e d on a t r a c k u n d e r o c c u p a t i o n o n l y , and t h a t r e q u i r e s t h e u s e of m e c h a n i c a l means f o r o f f - t r a c k i n g . L i g h t - w e i g h t machine. A machine t h a t may b e used on a t r a c k n o t n e c e s s a r i l y under o c c u p a t i o n and t h a t c a n be removed e x p e d i t i o u s l y by o p e r a t o r s w i t h o u t t h e u s e o f m e c h a n i c a l means or s p e c i a l a s s i s t a n c e Occupation. A r i g h t g r a n t e d by che owner f o r work to be c a r r i e d o u t on a n open l i n e o r a s e r v i c e l i n e u n d e r s p e c i f i e d c o n d i t i o n s i n c l u d i n g s p e c i f i e d times. Open l i n e . A r u n n i n g l i n e of any l e n g t h o u t s i d e s t a t i o n yard l i m i t s o r , i n t h e case of a s i d i n g e x t e n s i o n . t h e s e r v i c e l i n e ( o r running l i n e of any l e n g t h ) beyond t h e s i g n a l l i n g l i m i t s . permanent way. The rails. s l e e p e r s . f a s c e n i n g s , a n d b a l l a s t l a i d and f i x e d i n p r o p e r p o s i t i o n f o r t h e p a s s a g e of t r a i n s . Permanent way material (PWM). The r a i l s , s l e e p e r s , f a s c e n i n g s , and o t h e r material e x c e p t b a l l a s t . used i n a crack. P r i v a c e s i d i n g . A l e n g t h of r a i l w a y c r a c k owned by a p e r s o n o r a n o r g a n i z a t i o n o t h e r t h a n t h e SAR t h a t i s connected t o an SAR crack. Recamp. Any camping c y c l e r e q u i r e d a f t e r t h e work h a s heen taken o v e r . Running l i n e . A l i n e t h a t i s r e q u i r e d f o r t h e purpose of r u n n i n g t r a i n s from o n e p o i n t CO a n o t h e r . and where t h e p o i n t t o p o i n t d i s t a n c e is more than 1 kin. S e r v i c e l i n e . The p o r t i o n of a p r i v a t e s i d i n g chac l i e s between t h e SAR c r a c k and t h e b e g i n n i n g of the exchange yard o r f i r s t s h u n t i n g l i n e o r s t a g i n g l i n e of a p r i v a t e s i d i n g . Shuncing l i n e s . L i n e s chat are provided f o r t h e s h u n c i n g of t r a i n s and on which f r e q u e n t s t o p s w i l l be made. (Such l i n e s are s h u n t i n g l e g s to y a r d s ; a l l l i n e s w i t h i n i n d u s t r i a l townships; f a c t o r y , mine, and o t h e r l a y o u t s from which s h o r t s p u r s o r i n d i v i d u a l s i d i n g s cake o f f ; and t h e g a t h e r i n g r o a d s of yards.) The p r o v i s i o n and c o n s t r u c t i o n of p r i v a t e s i d i n g s , p u b l i s h e d by t h e O f f i c e of t h e Chief C i v i l E n g i n e e r . SAR, Johannesburg.

2.2

2.3

1)

SABS 1200 NB-1981

Railway s i d i n g s ( t r a c k w o r k ) S i d i t s . A p o r t i o n oC a p r i v a t e sicling t h a t is on l a n d b e l o n g i n g t o t h e SAR. SldIrig e x t c n s i o n . A p o r t i o n of any p r i v a t e s i d i n g t h a t is on land not b e l o n g i n g t o tile SAR. S t a g i n g lines. L i n e s p r o v i d e d s p e c i f i c a l l y f o r t h e s t a g i n g of t r u c k s f o r t h e p u r p o s e s of s o r t i n g , l o a d i n g , or u n l o a d h e . (Such l i n e s are: t h e s t a g i n g p o r t i o n s of i n d i v i d u a l s i d i t l g s ; the l i n e s ahead of, a t , arid j u s t beyond loaditlg p o i n t s i n mines. f a c t o r i e s , etc.; and t h e l o o p s of a l l yards.) Supere1ev;atlon. The d i f f e r e n c e i n l e v e l between t h e o u t e r and i n n e r r a i l s of a c u r v e d t r a c k . Take-of f t u r n o u t . The t u r n o u t from which a s i d l n g commences. T r a n s i t i o n c u r v e . A c u r v e w i t h a uniform rate of change of c u r v a t u r e , c o n n e c t i n g a s t r a i g h t w i t h a c i r c u l a r curve. Turnout. An a r r a n g e m e n t of s w i t c h e s and c r o s s i n g s t h a t enahles a t r a i n t o be d i v e r t e d from one t r a c k t o a n o t h e r , and i n c l u d e s s i n g l e and d o u b l e s l i p s . Vertical c u r v e . A c u r v e connectin(: t w o g r a d e s and s u c h as t o g i v e a g r a d u a l change i n v e r t i c a l d i r e c t i o n from o n e g r a d e t o t h e o t h e r . Work p e r m i t . A u t h o r i t y g r a n t e d by t h e SAR f o r work t o be done n e a r an open l i n e , l o o p l i n e . s h u n t i n g l i n e , s t a t i o n y a r d , or o t h e r SAR t r a c k . 2.4 ABBREVIATIONS. For t h e p u r p o s e s of t h i s s p e c i f i c a t i o n t h e a b b r e v i a t i o n s g i v e n i n t h e a p p l i c a b l e of t h e s p e c i f i c a t i o n s l i s t e d i n 2.1 and t h e f o l l o w i n g a b b r e v i a t i o n s s h n l l apply: ACV : Aggregate c r u s h i n g v a l u e BC : Beglnning of c u r v e BC : End of c u r v e LWR : Long welded r a i l P1 : P o i n t of i n t e r s e c t i o n ( r a i l w a y s i d i n g s ) PWI : Permanent way i n s p e c t o r o f t h e SAR : Permanent way m a t e r i a l (see 2.3) P W M SAR : The S o u t h A f r i c a n Railways A d m i n i s t r a t i o n MATERIALS GENERAL. The C o n t r a c t o r s h a l l o b t a i n t h e E n g i n e e r ' s a p p r o v a l of a l l m a t e r i a l s b e f o r e t h e y are used (see 8.1.1).
RAILWAY TKACKWRK G e n e r a l . The P W M s u p p l i e d may. e x c e p t i n t h e c a s e of wood s l e e p e r s (see 3.2.6.1). be new or second hand and of t h e s i z e ( o r mass), class, o r t y p e s p e c i f i e d i n t h e p r o j e c t s p e c i f i c a t i o n o r scheduled. R a i l s . Rails s h a l l b e of Class B or b e t t e r and of s t a n d a r d s e c t i o n . They s h a l l be sound, f r e e from f l a w s , c r a c k s . s p l i t s , and c o r r o s i o n , and s h a l l have a t l e a s t one good r u n n i n g edge. R a i l s s h a l l be a t least 6 m i n l e n g t h and s h a l l p r e f e r a b l y b e ' o f nominal l e n g t h 12 m or 18 m. Welds s h a l l be a t l e a s t 3 m from f i s h p l a t e d or welded j o i n t s . Where second-hand rails are used a) r a i l ends s h a l l n o t be b a t t e r e d i n e x c e s s of 2 nim; b) a l e n g t h of a t l e a s t 300 mni s h a l l be cropped t o remove damaged r a i l ends; c) r a i l s s h a l l not have more t h a n t h e maximum wear g i v e n i n Column 5 of T a b l e 1 a p p r o p r i a t e t o t h e mass p e r metre of t h e rails; and d ) r a i l s s h a l l h a v e no h o l e s t h r o u g h t h e web o t h e r t h a n f i s h b o l t h o l e s , and f i s h b o l t h o l e s s h a l l n o t be flame c u t. TABLE 1 MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE WEAR OF RAILS

3. 3.1
3.2 3.2.1

3.2.2

3 Height of r a i l , mm. min.

Side wear.
kglm. max.

Nominal mass of r a i l , kg/m

Class
A

B
152.7 139.3 118.2 103.0

C
148.7 136.2 115,7 100.7

A l l classes 7.5 5.2 3,1 2.3 1.6

156.5 142.6 121.0 105.2

p
3.2.3

3.2.4 3.2.5

3.2.6 3.2.6.1 3.2.6.2 3.2.6.3

J u n c t i o n F i s h p l a t e s . J u n c t i o n f i s h p l a t e s s h a l l have been manufactured in an approved manner. (See also 5.2.6.5.) F i s h b o l t s , Nuts, and Washers. F i s h b o l t s and n u t s s h a l l match t h e t y p e of f i s h p l a t e s s u p p l i e d . Washers s h a l l be of t h e d o u b l e c o i l t y p e . Second-hand f i s h b o l t s and n u t s s h a l l , i n t h e o p i n i o n o f t h e Engineer. b e sound i n a l l r e s p e c t s , and s h a l l be used o n l y w i t h new s p r i n g w a s h e r s (of t h e correct s i z e ) . S l e e p e r s and C r o s s i n g Timbers and Bearers Wood s l e e p e r s and c r o s s i n g tirnhers. Wood s l e e p e r s and c r o s s i n g t i m b e r s and b e a r e r s s h a l l b e of new aooroved hardwood or a n a m r o v e d tvDe of l a m i n a t e d softwood. i n e a c h case f r e e from s p l i t s and o t h e r i m p e r f e c t i o n s such as d r y r o t , k n o t h o l e s . wormholes. b o r e r damage, and f u n g a l a t t a c k . S t e e l s l e e p e r s . S t e e l s l e e p e r s s h a l l b e t o a d e s i g n approved b y t h e SAR. They s h a l l be s u p p l i e d w i t h r a i l - t o - s l e e p e r f a s t e n i n g s t o s u i t t h e t y p e of s l e e p e r and t h e r a i l s e c t l o n b e i n g l a i d . C o n c r e t e s l e e p e r s . C o n c r e t e s l e e p e r s s h a l l be of t h e s i d i n g t y p e w i t h s l e e p e r f a s t e n i n g s , a l l as approved by t h e SAR (see 3.2.8.5).

..

..

_.

SABS 1200 NB-1951 Railway s i d i n g s (trackwork)

3.2.7

3.2.8 3.2.8.1 3.2.8.2 3.2.8.3 3.2.8.4 3.2.8.5 3.2.9

3.2.10

3.2.11

3.2.12 3.2.13

3.2.14

--

3.2.15

F i s h p l a t e s . F i s h p l a t e s s h a l l be s u p p l i e d i n p a i r s and shall be of t h e c o r r e c t d e s i g n f o r t h e t y p e of r a i l b e i n g l a i d . F i s h p l a t e s s h a l l be sound i n a l l r e s p e c t s and second-hand f i s h p l a t e s s h a l l be i n s u c h c o n d i t i o n t h a t t h e remaining draw is a t l e a s t 5 mm when t h e f i s h b o l t s are p u l l e d up t o a F i s h b o l t h o l e s s h a l l n o t be worn o r deformed. t o r q u e or 340 N.m. Ra il-t o-Sleepe r F a s t e n i n g s S o l e p l a t e s s h a l l be of a t y p e t o s u i t t h e r a i l s e c t i o n s s p e c t f i e d . and t h e r a i l s h a l l have a n inward c a n t of 1 i n 20. Second-hand s o l e p l a t e s s h a l l be in sound c o n d i t i o n w i t h no n o t i c e a b l e r i d g e s on t h e r a i l f l a n g e seat. R a i l c h a i r s and c h e c k - r a i l c h a i r s s h a l l be s u i t a b l e f o r use w i t h t h e r a i l s e c t i o n s s p e c i f i e d , and s h a l l be s u p p l i e d c o m p l e t e w i t h r a i l - t o - c h a i r f a s t e n i n g s . Second-hand r a i l c h a i r s and c h e c k - r a i l c h a i r s s h a l l be i n sound c o n d i t i o n . Coach screws o r hardwood s l e e p e r s s h a l l be of s i z e M22 Type B g a l v a n i z e d . provided t h a t Type A s h a l l be used where t h e nominal t h i c k n e s s of t h e b a s e p l a t e is 30 mm. Type U g a l v a n i z e d coach screws s h a l l be used w i t h softwood and l a m i n a t e d softwood s l e e p e r s . F a s t e n i n g s used w i t h c o n c r e t e s l e e p e r s s h a l l b e of a t y p e a c c e p t a b l e t o t h e SAR. T u r n o u t s , S l i p s , and C r o s s i n g s . T u r n o u t s , s l i p s , and c r o s s i n g s s h a l l b e s u p p l i e d complete w i t h c r o s s i n g b e a r e r s of steel or wood and t h e a p p r o p r i a t e r a i l - t o - b e a r e r f a s t e n i n g s . The s u p p l y of t u r n o u t s . s l i p s , and c r o s s i n g s s h a l l a l s o i n c l u d e s t o c k s and g u a r d s . s t o c k s and s w i t c h e s , s o l e p l a t e s , c l o s u r e rails. l e a d r a i l s , i n t e r n a l f i s h p l a t e s , f i s h b o l t s and n u t s , connect i n g r o d s , p u l l r o d s . s t e e l p l a t e f o o t g u a r d s . s w i t c h boxes, and a l l o t h e r f i t t i n g s . f a s t e n i n g s . and accessories and, where a p p l i c a b l e . notched s o l e p l a t e s and g a u g e p l a t e s . (See 5.2.10.) S t o p b l o c k s . S t o p b l o c k s , of t h e f i x e d t y p e or s l i d i n g t y p e , s h a l l be c o n s t r u c t e d of Class B o r b e t t e r second-hand r a i l s of t h e same mass p e r metre as t h a t of t h e r a i l s t o which they are connecte d , and s h a l l i n c l u d e b u f f e r beams, hardwood bumping b l o c k s , r u n n i n g r a i l s and f a s t e n i n g s . a c c e s s o r i e s , and b e a r e r s . D e r a i l Devices. Derail d e v i c e s s h a l l b e of t h e t y p e ( s ) s c h e d u l e d o r g i v e n on t h e drawings. They may c o n s i s t of a s t a n d a r d tlayes t y p e . o r a s t o c k and s w i t c h t y p e compounded w i t h t h e t a k e o f f set o f p o i n t s , o r a s t a n d a r d s c o t c h b l o c k manufactured from 30 kg/m r a i l or from any s u i t a b l e r o l l e d s t e e l s e c t i o n t h a t 1s not t o o heavy t o h a n d l e . Each s c o t c h b l o c k s h a l l b e s u p p l i e d w i t h the a d d i t i o n a l s l e e p e r s and f a s t e n i n g s r e q u i r e d and f i t t e d w i t h a s t o u t c h a i n and e y e b o l t t o e n s u r e l o c k i n g i n e i t h e r t h e on o r t h e o f f p o s i t i o n . C l e a r a n c e Markers. C l e a r a n c e markers s h a l l c o n s i s t of l e n g t h s of r a i l o r o t h e r approved material o f nominal l e n g t h 1.7 m. I n s u l a t e d Rail J o i n t s (Block J o l n t s ) and R a i l Bonds. I n s u l a t e d r a i l j o i n t s s h a l l c o n s i s t of l a m i n a t e d wood f i s h p l a t e s . approved i n s u l a t l o n , and i n s u l a t i n g shims of t h i c k n e s s a t least 5 mm between rails. I R a i l bonds s h a l l c o n s i s t of a) i n t h e case of a s i g n a l bond, a t least two s t r a n d s o f , c o p p e r w i r e of d i a m e t e r a t least 4 mm and, b) i n t h e case of a t r a c t i o n bond, b r a i d e d c o p p e r wire of c r o s s - s e c t i o n a l area a t least 20 mm*. bonded t o t h e r a i l s i n a n a c c e p t a b l e manner. B a l l a s t . Ballast s h a l l c o n s i s t of approved h a r d broken h o r n f e l s . d o l e r i t e , t i l l i t e . q u a r t z i t e , o r similar c r u s h e d s t o n e t h a t c o m p l i e s w i t h r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r s i n g l e - s i z e d c r u s h e d s t o n e f o r r o a d s of nominal s i z e 53.0 mm g i v e n i n SABS 1083, e x c e p t t h a t the nominal a p e r t u r e s i z e of t h e l a r g e s t s i e v e used f o r t h e g r a d i n g s h a l l be 63.0 nun ( i n s t e a d of 75.0 mm) a n d , i n s t e a d of t h e a p p l i c a b l e ACV s p e c i f i e d i n SABS 1083. t h e s t o n e s l a a l l have a n a b r a s i o n r e s i s t a n c e of 34 as d e t e r m i n e d by t h e Los Angeles a b r a s i o n test. Samples and a g r a d i n g a n a l y s i s of s t o n e t h a t t h e C o n t r a c t o r p r o p o s e s t o u s e a s b a l l a s t s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d t o t h e E n g i n e e r f o r e x a m i n a t i o n and a p p r o v a l . Whistle b o a r d s , s i d i n g number boards. and o t h e r r a i l w a y s i g n b o a r d s r e q u i r e d s h a l l be Signboards. o f s t a n d a r d SAR p a t t e r n , s h a l l b e p a i n t e d i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h s t a n d a r d SAK p r a c t i c e , and s h a l l comply w i t h t h e r e g u l a t i o n s of the SAR. I n t h e case of l e v e l c r o s s i n g s . road s i g n s s h a l l conform t o t h e r e q u t r e m e n t s of t h e a p p l i c a b l e Road T r a f f i c Ordinance.

3.3

STACKING AND HANDLING OF PWM. M a t e r i a l s h a l l b e p l a c e d clear of t h e s p a c e d e f i n e d by t h e f i x e d s t r u c t u r e gauge, and s h a l l be s t a c k e d a t least 3 m from t h e c e n t r e l i n e of any t r a c k . With t h e e x c e p t i o n of wood s l e e p e r s , P W M s h a l l n o t be s t a c k e d on a s h . R a i l s s h a l l be s t a c k e d on a n even bed and so s u p p o r t e d as t o p r e v e n t bending and t w i s t i n g . S t e e l s l e e p e r s s h a l l b e s t a c k e d clear of t h e ground w i t h a l t e r n a t e l a y e r s a t r i g h t a n g l e s t o e a c h o t h e r , bottoms f a c i n g down. and i n l o t s of n o t more t h a n 100. Wood s l e e p e r s s h a l l b e s t a c k e d as shown on Drawing NB-1 i n l o t s of a b o u t 50. The ground w i t h i n 6 m of each s t a c k of wood s l e e p e r s s h a l l be c l e a r e d of a l l g r a s s and weeds. C o n c r e t e s l e e p e r s s h a l l be s t a c k e d t o a h e i g h t n o t g r e a t e r t h a n 2.5 m. Bags w i t h r a i l and s l e e p e r f a s t e n i n g s s h a l l b e s t a c k e d clear OC t h e ground. B o l t s and n u t s s h a l t be o i l e d and s t a c k e d under c o v e r t o p r e v e n t r u s t i n g . TRANSPORT. Railway t r u c k s l o a d e d w i t h Pw?l s h a l l be unloaded w i t h i n 36 h of t h e t r u c k s b e i n g p l a c e d . The C o n t r a c t o r s h a l l b e a r t h e c o s t of any demurrage c h a r g e s d i r e c t l y a t t r i b u t a b l e t o h i s negligence. PLANT GENERAL A l l tools and equipment f o r t h e h a n d l i n g of material and t h e b e p r o v i d e d by t h e C o n t r a c t o r . Power o r hand-operated equipment s h a l l b e of a t y p e approved o r o p e r a tio n being c a r r i e d o u t. The u s e of b a l l a s t i n g machinery w i l l be p e r m i t t e d s u b j e c t t o Heavy-weight and l i g h t - w e i g h t machines i n t e n d e d f o r u s e on a s h u n t i n g s h a l l b e s u b j e c t t o a p p r o v a l by t h e E n g i n e e r .

3.4

4. 4.1 4.1.1 4.1.2 4.1.3 4.1.4

p r o p e r c o m p l e t i o n of t h e work s h a l l f o r t h e t y p e of f i t t i n g b e i n g f a s t e n e d t h e p r o v i s i o n s of 4.1.4. t r a c k on which t h e SAR u n d e r t a k e s

SABS 1200 xB-1981

Kailway s i d i n g s (trackwork)

5. 5. I 5.1.1

5.1.2 5.1.3

CONSTKUCTTON P KECAUTLONS S a f e t y . In a d d i t i o n t o complying w i t h t h e requirements of Subclause 5.7 of SABS 1200 A o r Subclause 5.4 of SABS 1200 AA, as a p p l i c a b l e , and i n order t o p r o t e c t l i f e and p r o p e r t y when working o r when handling equipment o r m a t e r i a l on o r n e a r running l i n e s , t h e Contractor s h a l l take a l l p r e c a u t i o n s necessary Lo keep personnel, p l a n t , and m a t e r i a l s o u t s i d e t h e space d e f i n e d by t h e f i x e d s t r u c t u r e gauge ( s e e Drawings NU-2 and NB-3), except t h a t , when work i s being c a r r i e d out under occupation c o n d i t i o n s ( s e e 2.3). personnel and p l a n t may be w i t h i n t h e s a i d space. When t r u c k s loaded w i t h PWM a r e handled, r a i l t r a n s p o r t e r s , whether moved manually o r mechanically, s h a l l be propelled n o t f a s t e r than 6 km/h on s i d i n g s o l e n g t h less than 600 m. Clearances. A railway s i d i n g s h a l l be so constructed as t o a i f o r d s t a n d a r d c l e a r a n c e between r o l l i n g s t o c k and a11 s t r u c t u r e s and o t h e r f i x e d o b j e c t s a d j a c e n t t o the s i d i n g i n accordance w i t h t h e r e l e v a n t requirenients of 5.2.1 and Drawings NB-2 and NB-3. P r i v a t e Siding Agreement. The Employer w i l l o b t a i n t h e SAK's approval of t h e s i d i n g plan and w i l l e n t e r i n t o a p r i v a t e s i d i n g agreement with t h e local System Nanager of t h e SAR p r i o r t o t h e commencement of c o n s t r u c t i o n . METHODS AND PK0CEI)UKES Permanent Way Construct ion Standards. The permanent way s h a l l be constructed i n accordance w i t l i t h e d e t a i l s shown on t h e s i d i n g p l a n approved i n t e r m s of 5.1.3, o t h e r a p p l i c a b l e requirements of t h e s p e c i f i c a t i o n , and t h e requirements of t h e SAR. The Contractor s h a l l ensure t h a t he and h i s workmen are f a m i l i a r w i t h t h e SAK'S Permanent way i n s t r u c k 2 ) ; standard permanent way drawings; and t h e SAR's S p e c i f i c a t i o n s E 73) and E 104). S e t t i n g Out. I n terms of Subclause 5.1.1 of SABS 1200 A o r SABS 1200 AA, a s a p p l i c a b l e , t h e Engineer w i l l place pegs on the c e n t r e l i n e of s t r a i g h t s and a t each P I . BC, and EC, and t h e Contractor s h a l l be r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e d e t a i l e d s e t t i n g o u t of t r a c k s and t h e p r o v i s i o n of lift. pegs. Supervision. The Contractor s h a l l appoint a competent and experienced s u p e r v i s o r who has adequate permanent way experience and is a q u a l i f i e d p l a t e l a y e r , and trackwork s h a l l be c a r r i e d o u t o n l y under t h e personal s u p e r v i s i o n of t h e supervisor. The Engineer nay s t o p t h e work a t any time i f such a s u p e r v i s o r has not been appointed by t h e Cont r a c t o r o r is n o t a v a i l a b l e on S i t e . Laying of S l e e p e r s General. S l e e p e r s s h a l l be l a i d square t o t h e r a i l s and p r o p e r l y bedded. The nominal spacing of Welded j o i n t s s h a l l be so located t h a t they do n o t s l e e p e r s s h a l l be as shown on Drawing NB-4. i n t e r f e r e w i t h s l e e p e r spacing. A 1 1 s l e e p e r f i t t i n g s s h a l l be kept c l e a n while p l a t e l a y i n g i s i n progress. Spring c l i p s , where used, s h a l l be f i t t e d i n an approved manner. Coach screw threads s h a l l be dipped i n c r e o s o t e before t h e coach screws a r e screwed down, and T-bolt t h r e a d s s h a l l be s u i t a b l y l u b r i c a t e d b e f o r e the b o l t s are tightened. Unless otherwise d i r e c t e d , t h e torque applied when s l e e p e r f a s t e n i n g s a r e tightened s h a l l be 3 4 0 +20 N.m. Wood sl e e p e r s . Hardwood s l e e p e r s s h a l l be l a i d with t h e h e a r t down on t h e prepared formation. Holes f o r coach screws, of diameter 13 mm f o r softwood and 17 mm f o r hardwood. s h a l l be bored through t h e s l e e p e r and square t o the upper s u r f a c e of t h e s l e e p e r . Durable wood Laper plugs o r dowels of length 2 5 mm s h a l l be i n s e r t e d and d r i v e n t o t h e bottom of t h e h o l e s which s h a l l be f i l l e d with c r e o s o t e before t h e coach screws a r e screwed home. I f a coach screw i s drawn from a s l e e p e r and t h e hole i s not t o be re-used, t h e hole s h a l l be plugged a t once w i t h a durable wood t a p e r plug dipped i n c r e o s o t e o r t a r . S t e e l sl e e p e r s . S t e e l s l e e p e r s t h a t show s i g n s of obvious damage s h a l l not be used. C l i p b o l t s s h a l l be l u b r i c a t e d w i t h an approved l u b r i c a n t b e f o r e they a r e t i g h t e n e d , b u t t h e c l i p and r a i l f l a n g e s h a l l be kept f r e e of a l l l u b r i c a n t . A l l c l i p b o l t s s h a l l be f i t L e d with s p r i n g washers u n l e s s o t h e r w i s e d i r e c t e d . The s l e e p e r / c l i p combination s h a l l be such t h a t t h e f i n i s h e d trackwork i s l a i d t o t h e gauge r e q u i r e d i n terms of 5.2.7. Concrete s l e e p e r s . No c o n c r e t e s l e e p e r s h a l l be used i f i t shows any d e f e c t o r s i g n of f a i l u r e of t h e concrete, o r i f t h e s e a t or shoulder t o r e c e i v e t h e r a i l o r s o l e p l a t e i s damaged f o r more than a q u a r t e r of i t s length i n any d i r e c t i o n . Surfaces of c o n c r e t e s l e e p e r s , s o l e p l a t e s , and c h a i r s , and t h e s u r f a c e s of r a i l s t h a t bed on rubber pads s h a l l be brushed and cleaned immediately before r a i l laying. Kubber pads s h a l l be thoroughly cleaned and, while t h e r a i l is being l a i d , they s h a l l be a c c u r a t e l y positioned. Pads t h a t show s i g n s of d i s t o r t i o n . e i t h e r d u r i n g o r a i t e r p l a t e l a y i n g , s h a l l be removed and r e f i t t e d c o r r e c t l y . Concrete s l e e p e r s t h a t are damaged because t h e f i t t i n g s were i n c o r r e c t l y assembled o r were not kept c l e a n , s h a l l be removed from t h e t r a c k and from t h e S i t e of t h e Works. S t r a i g h t e n i n g and Bending of R a i l s Before placing r a i l s on s l e e p e r s and b e f o r e bending them Tor use i n a curve, t h e Contractor s h a l l remove a l l k i n k s i n t h e r a i l s . During each bending o p e r a t i o n t h e r a i l s h a l l be so supported on r o l l e r s t h a t i t i s f r e e t o move. Bending may be done with a j i m crow o r by means of any o t h e r approved bending machine. R a i l bending s h a l l be c a r r i e d out only when t h e r a i l temperature is g r e a t e r than 5 OC. A r a i l of length 18 m o r less t h a t is bent f o r use i n a curve s h a l l be curved over t h e f u l l l e n g t h . A r a i l of l e n g t h g r e a t e r than 18 m s h a l l be curved over 6 ni a t both ends f o r a curve of r a d i u s g r e a t e r t h a n 5 0 0 m, and throughout i t s l e n g t h f o r a curve of r a d i u s 5 0 0 m and less. Subject t o t h e provisions of 5.2.5.2, curved t r a c k r a i l s s h a l l be uniformlv bent i n accordance w i t h t h e standard o f f s e t f o r t h e l e n g t h of r a i l used and t h e r a d i u s of t h e curve.

5.2 5.2. I

5.2.2 5.2.3

5.2.4 5.2.4.1

5.2.4.2

5.2.4.3

5.2.4.4

5.2.5 5.2.5. I

5.2.5.2 5.2.5.3

....................
2)

3) 4)

Permanent Way I n s t r u c t i o n s , published by t h e Chief C i v i l Engineer, SAR. Johannesburg. E 7 : S p e c i f i c a t i o n f o r works on, over, under o r a d j a c e n t t o a railway l i n e . E 10 : S p e c i f i c a t i o n f o r p l a t e l a y i n g and b a l l a s t i n g .

SABS 1200 NB-1931 Railway s i d i n g s (trackwork)

5.2.6 5.2.6.1

5.2.6.2

5.2.6.3

Laying of R a i l s G e n e r a l . Except where t h e C o n t r a c t o r is r e q u i r e d i n terms of t h e p r o j e c t s p e c i f i c a t i o n and the s c h e d u l e t o s u p p l y and i n s t a l l a take-off t u r n o u t , r a i l s s h a l t be l a i d from t h e end of a take-off t u r n o u t t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n i n s t a l l e d (by t h e SAR, i n the case of t r a c k owned by t h e SAR). PhN s u r f a c e s t h a t h e a r on p a d s s h a l l be brushed c l e a n b e f o r e i n s e r t i o n of t h e pads. Each second-hand r a i l s h a l l be l a i d w i t h t h e b e t t e r r u n n i n g edge on t h e gauge s i d e . Second-hand rails s h a l l be E more t h a n 1 mm a t j o i n t s s h a l l be made good by matched f o r h e i g h t . Mismatches o a) t h e u s e of set-up O K cranked and o f f s e t f i s h p l a t e s , o r b) so b u i l d i n g up t h e lower r a i l by welding o r so removing material from the h i g h e r r a i l by g r i n d i n g t h a t t h e d i f f e r e n c e i n h e i g h t t a i l s o f f a t a rate n o t e x c e e d i n g 1 mm p e r 200 mm i n l e n g t h . L o c a t i n g of j o i n t s . R a i l s s h a l l b e l a i d w i t h s q u a r e j o i n t s . On c u r v e s where s p e c i a l rails are 75 mm s h o r t e r t h a n r a i l s used on s t r a i g h t s . t h e l e a d a t j o i n t s s h a l l n o t exceed 40 mm and where s p e c i a l r a i l s 100 mm s h o r t e r t h a n s t r a i g h t r a i l s are u s e d , t h e l e a d s h a l l n o t exceed 50 mm. Where no s p e c i a l rails are s u p p l i e d . t h e l e a d of one r a i l on t h e o t h e r on c u r v e s s h a l l n o t exceed 60 mm. To e n s u r e . when n e c e s s a r y , t h a t t h e l e a d d o e s n o t exceed 6 0 mm t h e C o n t r a c t o r s h a l l c u t t h e end o f t h e r a i l so t h a t one f i s h b o l t h o l e is i n t h e correct p o s i t i o n and s h a l l d r i l l a n a d d i t i o n a l f ishbo1 t hole C l o s u r e r a i l s s h o u l d be p r e f e r a b l y a t l e a s t 6 m long b u t s h a l l , i n any e v e n t , b e a t least 3.5 m l o n g , and s h a l l be s e c u r e d t o a t least 5 s l e e p e r s . Expansion gaps. Expansion g a p s s h a l l be l e f t a t j o i n t s i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h t h e t e m p e r a t u r e o f t h e r a i l and t h e r e l e v a n t r e q u i r e m e n t s g i v e n i n T a b l e 2.

TABLE 2
1

- EXPANSION GAPS FOR


4

DIFFERENT LENGTIIS OF RAIL 6 7

10

9 and 10 Temperature,
OC

12 rempera t u r e ,
OC

18 :ap, mm Temperature.
OC

36

In areas of h i g h
Gap, mm temperature Temp.,
OC

Gap. mm

In areas of modera te t e m p e r a t u r e
Temp.,
O C
Gap. mm

Gap, mm 15

-5 t o 10 10 t o 25 25 t o 40 40 t o 50 0 and h i g h e r

7 5
3

-5 t o 10 10 t o 20 20 t o 30 30 t o 4 0 40 t o 50 50 and h i g h e

8 7 5

-5 t o 5 5 t o 20 20 t o 30

12 9 6 3 0

10 t o 20 20 t o 30 30 t o 35
35 t o 4 5 45 t o 5 0 50 t o 60

12
9 6 3 0

5 t o 15 15 t o 20 20 t o 25 25 t o 35 35 t o 40 40 t o 50

15 12 9 6 3 0

3
1 0

30 t o 45 45 and h i g h e r

5.2.6.4

5.2.6.5

5.2.7 5.2.7.1

C u t t i n g and d r l l l i n g . R a i l s s h a l l b e c u t by means of a n approved r a i l s a w or c u t t i n g d i s c . C u t t t n g of ralls s h a l l n o t be done by means of flaine c u t t e r s o r c o l d sets. The c u t s u r f a c e s h a l l be p l a n a r and p e r p e n d i c u l a r t o t h e l o n g a x i s of t h e r a i l . I f p o s s i b l e , t h e c u t s h a l l b e so l o c a t e d t h a t any remaining f i s h b o l t h o l e i s se r v iceabl e. F i s h b o l t h o l e s s h a l l b e d r i l l e d w i t h t h e use of a n approved r a i l d r i l l . F i s h b o l t h o l e s s h a l l n o t b e The noinlnal d i a m e t e r s of f i s h b o l t h o l e s s h a l l be flame-cut. a) 35 mm f o r 57 kg/m r a i l s , b) 32 mm f o r 4 8 kg/m rails, and c ) 26 mm f o r 4 0 kg/m and 30 kg/m rails. A l l b u r r s and rough e d g e s s h a l l b e removed a f t e r d r i l l i n g . J o i n t i n E . In t h e case of e l e c t r i f i e d l i n e s w i t h bonded rails, f i s h p l a t e d j o i n t s s h a l l be assembled w i t h t h e n u t s on t h e gauge s i d e of t h e rails. The f i s h i n g s u r f a c e s o f f i s h p l a t e s and t h e t h r e a d s of f i s h b o l t s s h a l l be o i l e d or g r e a s e d immediately b e f o r e t h e j o i n t s a re assembled, and t h e f a s t e n i n g s s h a l l be t i g h t e n e d t o a t o r q u e of 340 22-20 N.m. S p r i n g washers s h a l l b e E i t t e d under a l l n u t s . J u n c t i o n f i s h p l a t e s may be used where r e q u i r e d as a temporary measure d u r i n g r e r a i l i n g o p e r a t i o n s , O K a t s t o p b l o c k s , or f o r j o i n t s a t t u r n o u t s i n v o l v i n g d i f f e r e n t r a i l s e c t i o n s . Gauging and F a s t e n i n g of Rails t o S l e e p e r s Gauging a) Except where o t h e r w i s e s p e c i f i e d (see (b) below), t h e gauee s h a l l be 1 065 mm f o r s t a n d a r d s t r a i g h t t r a c k . On c u r v e s t h e gauge s h a l l conform t o t h e a p p l i c a b l e of t h e v a l u e s g i v e n i n T a b l e 3. TABLE 3

- TRACK

GAUGES ON CURVES
3

4
Check-railed Specified gauge, mm

Not c h e c k - r a i l e d Radius, m Specified gauge, mm


1 085

Maximum permissible gauge, mm

Naximum permissible gauge, mm

L e s s t h a n 135

Equal t o 135 and up t o 150


Greater t h a n 150

I
I I

1 080

I
1 I

1 105

1 100

1 090

1 085

1 105

1 105

I I

075
070

and up t o 175

1 095
1 090

Greater t h a n 175 and up t o 200

Greater t h a n 200

1 065

1 085

I - I - I I -- l -- I

SABS 1200 NU-1981

10

Kailway s i d i n g s ( trackwork) b) A t Llie beginning arid end of unLransitioned c i r c u l a r curves t h e widening of t h e gauge s h a l l be c a r r i e d o u t by g r a d u a l l y i n c r e a s i n g t h e gauge on t h e straigliL iit the r a t e of 5 im p e r 12 m u n t i l the gauge f o r tlie curve i s a t t a i n e d a t t h e beginning of t h e c i r c u l a r curve. c ) A t t h e beginning and end of t r a n s i t i o n e d c i r c u l a r curves t h e widening of t h e gauge shall be c a r r i e d o u t by g r a d u a l l y i n c r e a s i n g t h e gauge on t h e t r a n s i t i o n curve from a p o i n t 6 m i n s i d e t h e beginning of tlie t r a n s i t i o n curve t o a p o i n t 6 m s h o r t of t h e beginning of t h e c i r c u l a r curve. The i n c r e a s e i n the gauge s h a l l be a t t h e r a t e of 5 mm p e r q u a r t e r of t h e l e n g t h of t h e t r a n s i t i o n curve. Fastening t o wood s l e e p e r s . Where s o l e p l a t e s a r e used on wood s l e e p e r s , coach screws s h a l l be screwed liome t i g h t l y w i t h a box spanner u n t i l t h e f u l l width of the o v e r l a p f i r m l y g r i p s t h e f l a n g e of t h c r a i l (see a l s o 5.2.4). For 22 mm diameter coach screws, t h e diameter of h o l e s i n wood sleepers s h a l l be 17 mm. The t h r e a d s of each coach screw s h a l l be dipped i n c r e o s o t e (see 5.2.4.1) b e f o r e t h e coach screw i s i n s e r t e d i n a s l e e n e r . Coach screws s h a l l n o t be hammered in. Fastening t o s t e e l s l e e p e r s . Gauge c l i p s and b o l t s f o r s t e e l s l e e p e r s s h a l l be so combined d u r i n g f a s t e n i ng t h a t the f i n i s h e d t r a c k has t h e s p e c i f i e d gauge. - Fastening t o c o n c r e t e s l e e p e r s . Clips f o r c o n c r e t e s l e e p e r s s h a l l be a p p l i e d o r removed o n l y by means of t h e recommended and approved p u l l e r o r l e v e r , as a p p l i c a b l e . A hammer s h a l l not be used t o d r i v e c l i p s t h a t a r e not designed t o be driven. Superelevation curves s h a l l be nrovided with t h e r e l e v a n t s u n e r e l e v a t i o n Riven Subiect - __. , - t o t h e o r o v i s i o n s of 5.2.8.2. on t h e drawings o r s p e c i f i e d i n t h e p r o j e c t s p e c i f i c a t i o n and f o r t h e o p e r a t i n g c o n d i t i o n s g i v e n i n t h e project specilication. Superelevation of curves i n yard t r a c k s s h a l l n o t exceed 10 mn. The r a t e of change of s u p e r e l e v a t i o n s h a l l be uniiorm and s h a l l n o t exceed I i n 500. L i f t i n g , Tamping, and Boxing In. B a l l a s t s h a l l be spread a t t h e r a t e s t a t e d i n t h e p r o j e c t s p e c i f i c a t i o n o r given on t h e drawings o r scheduled. AfLer p l a t e l a y i n g , t h e t r a c k s h a l l be l i f t e d uniformly and evenly, both r a i l s t o g e t h e r , c a r e being taken t o eiisure t h a t t h e t o p of t h e t r a c k is kept i n l i n e . The t r a c k s h a l l be brought to i t s proper h e i g h t by successive l i f t s . each not exceeding 100 mm. S l e e p c r s s h a l l be f i r m l y tamped underneath t h e r a i l s but only l i g h t l y tamped a t t h e c e n t r e . Each s l e e p e r s h a l l be tamped t o t h e same degree of firmness. J o i n t s l e e p e r s s h a l l be tamped l a s t . A f t e r tamping, b a l l a s t s h a l l be made up and boxed i n t o l i n e i n a neat and workmanlike manner. The f i n i s h e d b a l l a s t s h a l l have a top width of 2,4 m and a s l o p e of l:l,5 on t h e shoulders. The top of t h e b a l l a s t s h a l l be l e v e l with t h e t o p s of t h e s l e e p e r s except t h a t , i n t h e c a s e of c o n c r e t e s l e e p e r s , i t s h a l l be l e v e l w i t h t h e tops of t h e c e n t r e p o r t i o n s of t h e s l e e p e r s . On completion, t h e t r a c k s h a l l be t r u e t o l i n e , curvature, and grade, and t h e whole of' che work s h a l l p r e s e n t a n e a t and workmanlike appearance. Turnouts, s l i p s , and c r b s s i n g s s h a l l be c o n s t r u c t e d complete w i t h Turnouts, S l i p s , and C r o s . . c r o s s i n g b e a r e r s , standard switch boxes and f o o t g u a r d s , t o t h e standard gauges and c l e a r a n c e s r e q u i r e d by t h e SAK (see SAK S p e c i f i c a t i o n E 104j). Working p a r t s s h a l l s l i d e f r e e l y on t h e s l i d e c h a i r s . Switches s h a l l f i t t h e s t o c k r a i l c l o s e l y and a c c u r a t e l y w i t h a f u l l b e a r i n g a g a i n s t t h e head and s h a l l r e s t normally on t h e s l i d e c h a i r s . N o p a r t of a turnout s h a l l have wear i n excess of t h e maximum given i n Table 1 , except t h a t t h e minimum h e i g h t of s t o c k r a i l s of s t o c k s and guards and any c r o s s i n g s h a l l be a s follows: 57 kg r a i l : 155 mm 48 kg r a i l : 140 mm 4 0 kg r a i l : 117 nmi
~~

5.2.7.2

5.2.7.3 5.2.7.4 5.2.8 5.2.8. I 5.2.8.2 5.2.8.3 5.2.9

5.2.10

30 kg r a i l

: 105 imn.

5.2. I 1

5.2.12

5.2. I3

5.2.14

5.2. I5

Each s e t s h a l l c l o s e l y match t h e r a i l s i n t h e l i n e i n which i t i s i n s e r t e d . Tumbler weights of switch boxes s h a l l be painted with one c o a t of an approved primer and two c o a t s of an approved white p a i n t . Stopblocks. Stopblocks s h a l l be l a i d , j o i n t e d , l i f t e d . tamped, and boxed i n a s s p e c i f i e d i n 5.2.6, 5.2.7, and 5.2.9. Stopblocks s h a l l be painted with one c o a t of an approved primer and two c o a t s of an approved w h i t e paint. Clearance Markers. Clearance markers s h a l l be placed between converging t r a c k s a t p o i n t s where t h e d i s t a n c e between c e n t r e s is 3,45 m i n t h e case of I 065 mm gauge t r a c k , and 2.75 m i n t h e c a s e of 6 1 0 nun gauge t r a c k . The markers s h a l l c o n s i s t of second-hand r a i l s bedded with t h e f l a n g e uppermost ( o r o t h e r approved m a t e r i a l acceptably bedded) and l e v e l w i t h t h e a d j o i n i n g ground, o r b a l l a s t , o r cess f i l l , a s applicable. The exposed s u r f a c e of each clearance marker s h a l l be painted w i t h one c o a t of a n approved primer and two c o a t s of an approved white p a i n t . F i l l i n g Between Tracks. I n t h e spaces between t r a c k s where s h u n t e r s and o t h e r o p e r a t i n g s t a f f are r e q u i r e d t o walk, t h e b a l l a s t c e s s s h a l l be f i l l e d with a ) c l e a n washed power s t a t i o n ash having good drainage p r o p e r t i e s , o r b) approved f i l l m a t e r i a l t o w i t h i n 50 mm of the r e q u i r e d f i n i s h e d l e v e l . The upper 50 mm s h a l l be f i l l e d w i t h aggregate of nominal s i z e 6 , 7 nmi. D e r a i l Devices. D e r a i l d e v i c e s s h a l l be supplied and i n s t a l l e d by t h e Contractor i n t h e p o s i t i o n s given on t h e drawings or a s d i r e c t e d . Each d e r a i l d e v i c e s h a l l be painted w i t h one c o a t of a n approved primer and two c o a t s of a n approved white p a i n t . Signboards. Signboards s h a l l be i n s t a l l e d i n t h e p o s i t i o n s shown on t h e drawings. I n t h e c a s e of l e v e l c r o s s i n g s , road s i g n s s h a l l be e r e c t e d i n accordance w i t h t h e requirements of t h e a p p l i c a b l e Road T r a f f i c Ordinance and t o t h e c o r r e c t c l e a r a n c e s l a i d down i n t h e r e l e v a n t S A K regulations.
CLEARANCE O F SIT6 ON COMPLETION. On completion of c o n s t r u c t i o n of trackwork t h e Contractor s h a l l c l e a r away and remove from t h e S i t e a l l p l a n t , s u r p l u s PWM, rubbish. and temporary works of every kind and leave t h e whole of the S i t e and t h e Works c l e a n and i n a workmanlike c o n d i t i o n t o t h e s a t i s f a c t i o n of t h e Engineer.

5.3

11

SABS 1200 NB-1981 Railway s i d i n g s (trackwork)

6. 6.1

TOLERANCES U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e s t a t e d i n t h e p r o j e c t s p e c i f i c a t i o n . t h e p e r m i s s i b l e d e v i a t i o n s (PO) ( s e e C l a u s e 6 o f SABS 1200 A or SARS 1200 M, as a p p l i c a b l e ) s h a l l be w i t h i n t h e a p p r o p r i a t e of t h e f o l l o w i n g l i m i t s f o r Degree of Accuracy 1 1 1 i n t h e case of a p r i v a t e s i d i n g and Degree of Accuracy I1 f o r work d o n e on SAR t r a c k s : P e n n i s s i b 1e d e v i a t i o n Degree of Accuracy

111

mm
Track allgnmenl from t r u e s t a k e d c e n t r e l i n e from t r u e level of t r a c k T r a c k gauge ( s t r a i g h t s ) from gauges s p e c i f i e d i n 5.2.7 S t r a i g h t n e s s of t r a c k from a 5 m s t r a i g h t l i n e Superelevation a t any two p o i n t s 1 200 mm a p a r t Sleeper spacing from nominal s p a c i n g s p e c i f i e d i n Drawing W-4 at j o i n t sleepers f) C i r c u l a r curves P D from t h e s t a n d a r d o r f s e t f o r o f f s e t s measured on a 10 m chord g) S t r u c t u r e c l e a r a n c e PD of c l e a r a n c e f o r t r a c k l a i d a d j a c e n t t o f i x e d structures h) Platform l e v e l PD from s p e c i f i e d h e i g h t between r a i l l e v e l and p l a t f o r p level i) S l e e p e r dimensions P D from nominal l e n g t h PD from nomlnnl w i d t h PD from nominal d e p t h PD from p a r a l l e l ( t o p and bottom) P D from p a r a l l e l ( s i d e s )

a) P D P D b) P D c) P D d) P D e) P D PD

......................... ............................. ....................... ............................. .....................

.................................... ..............................................

.......

+ 20 + 3 + 5 + 5 + 25 + 10

+ 20 -

+ +

6 3

+ + + -

3
2

+ 10 + 5

+ 25 -

As
7. 7.1

.............................................. ................................................... .................................. ................................... ................................... ....................... ................................

-0 +10 + 20 -0 +75 -0 +25 -0 +25

4 +10

+ 25 -

+ 10 -

* * * * *
'acy 1 1 1 is : e q u i r e d .

s t a t e d i n t h e p r o j e c t s p e c i f i c a t i o n i f b e t t e r t h a n I g r e e of Acc

TESTING GENERAL. T e s t i n g of t h e s i d i n g w i l l t a k e t h e form of t h e c h e c k i n g of c o n s t r u c t i o n g e n e r a l l y and p a r t i c u l a r l y of g a u g e s . s u p e r e l e v a t i o n s . c l e a r a n c e s , etc. by t h e PWi (see 2.4) and o t h e r o E f i c i a l s o f t h e SAR. Such c h e c k i n g w i l l b e a d d i t i o n a l t o and w i l l t a k e p r e c e d e n c e o v e r any c h e c k s c a r r i e d o u t by t h e Engineer. INSPECTION AND CHECKING OF TILE SIDING BY SAR When c o n s t r u c t i o n is c o m p l e t e , t h e C o n t r a c t o r s h a l l a) a d v i s e t h e E n g i n e e r a c c o r d i n g l y , and b ) s u b m i t t o t h e E n g i n e e r a C e r t i f i c a t e of Compliance, i n t h e form r e q u i r e d by t h e SAR. The C o n t r a c t o r s h a l l a t t e n d upon t h e PWI or o t h e r SAR o f f i c i a l ( s ) d u r i n g t h e checking. a t t h e s o l e d i s c r e t i o n of t h e PWI or t h e s a i d o t h e r o E f i c i a l ( s ) . o f c l e a r a n c e s , g a u g e s , s u p e r e l e v a t i o n s , and o t h e r f e a t u r e s of trackwork. A t h i s own c o s t , t h e C o n t r a c t o r s h a l l r e c t i f y work t h a t d o e s n o t , i n t h e o p i n i o n of t h e PWI o r o t h e r SAR o f f i c i a l ( s ) , comply w i t h t h e SAR's r e q u i r e m e n t s (see 8.1.1). CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE AND UNDERTAKING BY UWNEK. The E n g i n e e r w i l l s u b m i t t h e C e r t i f i c a t e of Compliance and t h e U n d e r t a k i n g by t h e Owner t o t h e SAR. MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT BASIC PRINCIPLES The b a s i c p r i n c i p l e of measurement and payment f o r a l l t r a c k w o r k , b a l l a s t i n g , and s u n d r i e s is t h a t t h e rate, i n a d d i t i o n t o c o v e r i n g t h e i t e m s s p e c i f i e d i n 8.3. s h a l l c o v e r t h e c o s t of h a v i n g a l l m a t e r i a l s i n s p e c t e d by t h e PWI b e f o r e u s e and t h e c o s t of f e e s p a y a b l e t o t h e SAR for i n s p e c t i o n and t e s t i n g of t h e s i d i n g . Except where any i t e m of PWM is provided and d e l i v e r e d by o t h e r s . t o a p o i n t t h a t h a s n o t been d e s i g n a t e d a t t h e t e n d e r s t a g e . a l l h a u l w i l l be r e g a r d e d as f r e e h a u l . Overhaul w i l l be p a y a b l e o n l y where p r i o r w r i t t e n a u t h o r i t y h a s been o b t a i n e d from t h e Engineer. Where o v e r h a u l is p a y a b l e , t h e a d d i t i o n a l d i s t a n c e w i l l he measured by t h e s h o r t e s t p r a c t i c a b l e r o u t e i n one d i r e c t i o n o n l y , t o t h e n e a r e s t 0.1 km.

7.2 7.2.1 7.2.2

7 . 3

a.
8.1

8.1.1

8.1.2

SABS 1200 NB-1381 Kailway s i d i n g s ( t r a c k w o r k )

12

a. 2 . 1
8.2.2

8 ., 2

COMPUTATION OF (~UAwTITIES Measurement oC trackwork w i turnouts. s l i p s , crossings. Where measurcment s t a r t s a t Measurement oC b a l l a s t w i l l t h e measurement.

l l be c o n t i n u o u s , w i t h no d e d u c t i o n s made f o r t h e l e n g t h s occupied b y s t o p b l o c k s , etc. which are measured as e x t r a o v e r p l a i n trackwork. t u r n o u t s , s l i p s . o r c r o s s i n g s i t w i l l b e made from t h e s t o c k r a i l j o i n t . be t o t h e s p e c i f i e d p r o f i l e - a n d no e x c e s s b a l l a s t w i l l be i n c l u d e d i n

8.3
8.3.1

8.3.2

SQIF:I)ULED ITFM Supply, D e l i v e r , and S t o c k p i l e (or Take D e l i v e r y o t and S t o c k p i l e ) Trackwork a ) Rails (or check r a l l s ) Unit: t S e p a r a t e items w i l l be s c h e d u l e d f o r e a c h l e n g t h and class of r a i l . The rate s h a l l c o v e r t h e cost of p u r c h a s e of t h e materials and t h e i r d e l i v e r y . unload ng, and s t o c k p i l i n g on a s l t e or sites s e l e c t e d by t h e C o n t r a c t o r . b ) Slee[,ers unit: No. S e p a r a t e items w i l l be s c h e d u l e d f o r each t y p e of s l e e p c r . The rate s h a l l c o v e r t h e cost of p u r c h a s e of t h e materials mid t h e i r d e l i v e r y u n l o a d i n g , and s t o c k p i l i n g on a s i t e o r sites s e l e c t e d by t h e C o n t r a c t o r . c ) R a i l - t o - s l e e p e r f a s t e n i n g s f o r r a i l s o t h e r t h a n check and r u n n t n g r a i l s Unit: No. S e p a r a t e items w i l l be s c h e d u l e d f o r e a c h t y p e of f a s t e n i n g . The rate s h a l l c o v e r t h e cost of p u r c h a s e of t h e materials and t h e i r d e l i v e r y u n l o a d i n g , and s t o c k D i l i n n on a s i t e o r sites s e l e c t e d bv t h e C o n t r a c t o r . d ) R a i l - t o - s l e e p e r f a s t e n i n g s f o r c h e c k and r u n n i n g r a i l s Unit: set S e p a r a t e items w i l l be s c h e d u l e d f o r e a c h t y p e of f a s t e n i n g . The rate s h a l l c o v e r t h e cost of p u r c h a s e of t h e materials and t h e i r d e l i v e r y u n l o a d i n g , and s t o c k p i l i n g on a s i t e or sites s e l e c t e d by t h e C o n t r a c t o r . e) T u r n o u t s ( o r s p e c i a l s l i p s and c r o s s i n g s ) c o m p l e t e Unit: No. S e o a r a t e items w i l l be s c h e d u l e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a n g l e s of t u r n o u t s .. s l i o . s and c r o s s i n g s . NOTE: The t a k e - o f f t u r n o u t w i l l n o t n o r m a l l y b e measured under t h i s item. The r a t e s h a l l c o v e r t h e cost of p u r c h a s e of t h e materials and t h e i r d e l v e r y u n l o a d i n g , and s t o c k p i l i n g on a s i t e o r sites s e l e c t e d by t h e C o n t r a c t o r . f) Crossing timhers o r c r o s s i n g t i e s U n i t : No. S e p a r a t e items w i l l be s c h e d u l e d f o r e a c h l e n g t h and type. The rate s h a l l c o v e r t h e cost of p u r c h a s e of t h e m a t e r i a l s and t h e i r d e l v e r y u n l o a d i n g , and s t o c k p i l i n g on a s i t e o r sltes s e l e c t e d by t h e C o n t r a c t o r . g) Fishplates Unit: p r . S e p a r a t e items w i l l be s c h e d u l e d f o r each type. The r a t e s h a l l c o v e r t h e cost of p u r c h a s e of t h e materials and t h e i r d e l i v e r y , u n l o a d i n g , and s t o c k p i l i n g on a s i t e o r s i t e s s e l e c t e d by t h e C o n t r a c t o r . Unit: s e t h ) F i s h b o l t s , n u t s , and s p r i n g washers S e p a r a t e items w i l l be s c h e d u l e d f o r each type. The rate s h a l l c o v e r t h e cost of p u r c h a s e of t h e materials and t h e i r d e l i v e r y , u n l o a d i n g . and s t o c k piling - on a s i t e or s i t e s s e l e c t e d by t h e C o n t r a c t o r . i) S t o p b l o c k s c o m p l e t e , i n c l u d i n g h u f f e r Unit: No. S e p a r a t e items w i l l b e s c h e d u l e d f u r each type. The rate s h a l l c o v e r t h e cost of p u r c h a s e of t h e m a t e r i a l s and t h e i r d e l i v e r y , u n l o a d i n g , and s t o c k p i l i n g on a s i t e o r sites s e l e c t e d by t h e C o n t r a c t o r . j ) Overhaul on items ( a ) - ( i ) above ( P r o v i s i o n a l ) Unit: t.km Overhaul d i s t a n c e s w i l l be computed from t h e a d d i t i o n a l d i s t a n c e ( t o t h e n e a r e s t 0.1 km from t h e end of. t h e 0.5 km f r e e h a u l ) m u l t i p l i e d by t h e nominal c a p a c l t y of t h e v e h i c l e used i f i t is f u l l y l o a d e d o r , If n o t , p r o r a t a t o t h e f u l l y loaded c a p a c i t y . Lay or I n s t a l l Trackwork m or km Unit: a ) Lay p l a i n t r a c k Measured on c e n t r e l i n e of t r a c k . The r a t e s h a l l c o v e r t h e c o s t of t a k i n g d e l i v e r y of r a i l s , f i t t i n g s , and b a l l a s t from t h e v a r i o u s s t o c k p i l e s , i f any. t r a n s p o r t l n g , s o r t l n g . and s e l e c t i n g second-hand r a i l s (where s u p p l i e d ) , l a y i n g , liftinn . o l a c i n r . and p a c k i n g b a l l a s t , a l i m -. - i n p-, t h e complete t r a c k . and boxing i n . b ) Extra-over i;em ( a j abov; f o r l a y i n g on s h o r t r a d i u s c u r v e s Unit: m or km Range(s) of r a d i i w i l l he s c h e d u l e d s e p a r a t e l y . c ) Lay t u r n o u t s , s p e c i a l s l i p s , c r o s s i n g s , o r s t o p b l o c k s c o m p l e t e Unit: No. S e p a r a t e items w i l l b e s c h e d u l e d tor each type. NOTE: The take-off t u r n o u t w i l l n o t normally be measured u n d e r t h i s i t e m . The rate s h a l l c o v e r t h e c o s t of t a k i n g d e l i v e r y of rails, f i t t i n g s . and b a l l a s t from t h e v a r i o u s s t o c k p i l e s , i f a n y , t r a n s p o r t i n g , l a y i n g , l i f t i n g , p l a c i n g and p a c k i n g b a l l a s t , a l i g n i n g t h e t u r n o u t . s p e c i a l s l i p , c r o s s i n g . or s t o p b l o c k as a p p l i c a b l e , and b o x i n g i n . d ) Supply and i n s t a l l take-off t u r n o u t complete ( o n l y where r e q u i r e d i n terms of t h e p r o j e c t s p e c i f i c a t i o n and s c h e d u l e d ) Unit: Sum The sum s h a l l c o v e r t h e cost of t h e r e l e v a n t o p e r a t i o n s set o u t i n i t e m 8.3.l(e) and i t e m (c) a b o v e , and t h e c o s t of t a k i n g temporary o c c u p a t i o n , c u t t i n g r a i l s , removing and d i s p o s i n g (as s p e c i f i e d ) of a n a p p r o p r i a t e l e n g t h of t r a c k owned by o t h e r s . and of s l e w i n g i n ( o r i n s t a l l i n g by o t h e r means) and c o n n e c t i n g up t h e take-off t u r n o u t . e ) Weldine, of r a i l s i n t o l o n g l e n g t h s Unit: NO. Each welded j o i n t w i l l b e t a k e n as one u n i t .

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13

SABS 1200 NB-1981 Railway s i d i n g s (trackwork)

8.3.3

8.3.4

8.3.5

8.3.6

8.3.7

8.3.8

Ballasting a ) Provide and d i s t r i b u t e (or take d e l i v e r y of and s t o c k p i l e ) b a l l a s t 3 Uni~: m or t (Type and grading s t a t e d ) The rate s h a l l cover t h e c o s t of off-loading and d i s t r i b u t i o n of b a l l a s t . Unless some o t h e r b a s i s i s s p e c i f i e d i n t h e p r o j e c t s p e c i f i c a t i o n , tlie q u a n t i t y measured w i l l be computed from t h e s p e c i i e d q u a n t i t y per u n i t l e n g t h or t r a c k ( s e e 5.2.9). N o deduction w i l l be made f o r t h e volume of stone d i s p l a c e d by s l e e p e r s . Unit: m o r km b) L i f t and pack trackwork and box i n L i f t i n g and packing w i l l be measured on the c e n t r e l i n e of t h e t r a c k . The rate s h a l l cover t h e c o s t of a l l s u c c e s s i v e l i f t s to b r i n g t h e t r a c k t o t h e r e q u i r e d l e v e l . c ) Extra-over i t e m (b) above f o r t u r n o u t s , s p e c i a l s l i p s , c r o s s i n g s , o r stopblocks Unit: Nu. The r a t e s h a l l cover t h e a d d i t i o n a l c o s t s of l i f t i n g , packing. and boxing i n of t h e items scheduled. d ) F i l l between t r a c k s Unit: m3 The r a t e s h a l l cover t h e c o s t of providing, d i s t r i b u t i n g . p l a c i n g , and spreading s u i t a b l e m a t e r i a l as spec i f ied Provide R a i l s , S l e e p e r s , and a l l Fastenings and Lay Track only a ) Trackwork Unit: m o r km b) Turnouts (angle s t a t e d ) Unit: No. c ) Stopblocks Unit: No. The mass p e r metre of r a i l and number of s l e e p e r s p e r k i l o m e t r e w i l l be s t a t e d . The r a t e s h a l l cover t h e c o s t of t h e purchase of m a t e r i a l s , t h e i r d i s t r i b u t i o n , and t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n of t h e complete t r a c k , excluding b a l l a s t i n g . Provide and D i s t r i b u t e B a l l a s t , L i f t and Box i n Track a) Trackwork Unit: m o r km b) Turnouts (angle s t a t e d ) Unit: No. Unit: No. c ) Stopblocks The volume of b a l l a s t p e r kilometre w i l l be s t a t e d . The rate s h a l l cover t h e c o s t of providing t h e b a l l a s t , i t s d i s t r i b u t i o n , and t h e l i f t i n g and packing and boxing i n of t h e t r a c k complete. Provide a l l M a t e r i a l s and Construct Sidings Complete a ) Trackwork Unit: m o r k m Unit: No. b) Turnouts (angle s t a t e d ) Unit: No. c ) Stopblocks Unit: No. d) Derails Mass p e r metre of r a i l , and number of s l e e p e r s , and volume of b a l l a s t per kilometre w i l l be s t a t e d . The r a t e s h a l l cover t h e c o s t of t h e p r o v i s i o n of materials, t h e i r d i s t r i b u t i o n , and t h e complete c o n s t r u c t i o n of t h e r e l e v a n t p a r t of t h e s i d i n g . Unit: m Crane Track ( o r R a i l s i n Quay Walls, e t c . ) Crane t r a c k w i l l be measured as l e n g t h of s i n g l e r a i l . The r a t e s h a l l cover t h e c o s t of taking d e l i v e r y of r a i l s , f i t t i n g s . and b a l l a s t ( i f any) from t h e v a r i o u s s t o c k p i l e s , t r a n s p o r t i n g , laying. l i f t i n g , p l a c i n g and packing b a l l a s t ( i f any), and a l i g n i n g t h e complete t r a c k . Rerail and Resleeper a ) Remove ( o r i n s e r t ) s l e e p e r s (or c r o s s i n g b e a r e r s ) with r a i l s i n p o s i t i o n . d e t a i l s Unit: No. stated S e p a r a t e items w i l l be scheduled f o r s l e e p e r s and f o r c r o s s i n g b e a r e r s . The r a t e s h a l l cover t h e c o s t of whichever of the following a r e a p p l i c a b l e : Taking d e l i v e r y of s l e e p e r s ( o r c r o s s i n g b e a r e r s ) from t h e v a r i o u s s t o c k p i l e s , i f any; t r a n s p o r t i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g t u t h e v i c i n i t y of t h e r e s l e e p e r i n g ( o r r e p l a c i n g of c r o s s i n g b e a r e r s ) ; opening up t h e b a l l a s t ; r e l e a s i n g s l e e p e r f a s t e n i n g s (dog s p i k e s , coach screws, c h a i r s , s o l e p l a t e s , c l i p s , e t c . ) ; removing old s l e e p e r s ( o r c r o s s i n g b e a r e r s ) , as a p p l i c a b l e ; i n s e r t i n g new s l e e p e r s ( o r c r o s s i n g b e a r e r s ) ; cleaning f a s t e n i n g s and g e n e r a l l y f a s t e n i n g up t h e t r a c k a g a i n w i t h new o r e x i s t i n g f a s t e n i n g s , as scheduled; retamping t h e b a l l a s t , a l i g n i n g t h e t r a c k , and boxing in. Unit: t b) Remove ( o r i n s e r t ) r a i l s S e p a r a t e items w i l l be scheduled f o r each o p e r a t i o n and f o r r a i l s of each mass per metre. The r a t e s h a l l cover tlie c o s t of taking d e l i v e r y of r a i l s from t h e v a r i o u s s t o c k p i l e s , and t r a n s p o r t i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g them, removing e x i s t i n g r a i l f i t t i n g s ( f i s h p l a t e s , f i s h b o l t s , and washers). removing r a i l s , cleaning and o i l i n g r a i l f i t t i n g s ready f o r re-use, laying new r a i l s using new o r o r i g i n a l r a i l f i t t i n g s , as scheduled, r e a l i g n i n g t h e t r a c k , and l i f t i n g t h e r e l e a s e d r a i l s and t r a n s p o r t i n g them back t o designated s t o c k p i l e s . c ) D e s t r e s s e x i s t i n g LWK t r a c k Unit: m o r h Measured on c e n t r e l i n e of t r a c k . The r a t e s h a l l cover t h e c o s t of d e s t r e s s i n g the e x i s t i n g LWR t r a c k i n accordance with t h e requirements of t h e p r o j e c t s p e c i f i c a t i o n . d ) Construct turnouts, c r o s s i n g s , e t c . alongside t r a c k and slew i n t o p o s i t i o n Unit: NO. Separate items w i l l be scheduled f o r each type of t u r n o u t , c r o s s i n g , e t c . The r a t e s h a l l cover t h e c o s t of taking d e l i v e r y of t h e t u r n o u t , c r o s s i n g etc., as a p p l i c a b l e . complete with a l l f i t t i n g s and b e a r e r s , t r a n s p o r t i n g t o t h e designated take-off p o i n t , assembling, c u t t i n g t h e e x i s t i n g r a i l s t o c l o s u r e l e n g t h , opening up t h e b a l l a s t , removing the e x i s t i n g t r a c k , slewing i n t h e t u r n o u t , c r o s s i n g , e t c . , as r e l e v a n t , f i x i n g f i s h b o l t s and f i s h p l a t e s , r e b a l l a s t i n g and a l i g n l n g t h e t r a c k , and boxing - in. e ) D r i l l fishbolt holes o r cut r a i l s Unit: No. Each h o l e o r c u t w i l l be measured. The r a t e s h a l l cover t h e c o s t of d r i l l i n g a d d i t i o n a l f i s h b o l t h o l e s o r c u t t i n g r a i l s , as r e l e v a n t . Unit: No. f ) Remove o l d t r a c k signs The r a t e s h a l l cover t h e c o s t of e s s e n t i a l excavation, u p l i f t i n g of o l d t r a c k s i g n s , b a c k f i l l i n g t h e h o l e s from which t h e t r a c k s i g n s were removed, and t r a n s p o r t i n g t h e s i g n s t o t h e designated depot.

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SABS 1200 NB-1981


Railway s i d i n g s (crackwork)

14

8 . 3 . 9

Rehallasc

8.3.10

8.3.11

8.3.12

Unic: m o r k m Unic: m3 b) Remove a n d screen e x i s c l n g b a l l a s t Separace items w i l l b e scheduled f o r manual and mechanlcal mechods of r e b a l l a s t i n g . c ) Dispose of s p o i l r e s u l t i n g from r e b a l t a s c i n g Unic: m3 The race s h a l l cover the c o s t of loading, off-loading, and d i s p o s a l w i t h i n 0.5 km. 3 Unic: m /km d) Overhaul on i t e m ( c ) Overhaul will be measured as che product of the haul d i s t a n c e in excess of 0.5 km, and che volume hauled. Sundries. Provide, d e l i v e r , and s t o c k p i l e ( o r cake d e l i v e r y of and s c o c k p i l e ) and i n s t a l l Unic: No. a) Rail lubricators b) Clearance markers Unic: No. c ) Track s i g n s Unic: No. d ) Guardrails, c a c c l e guards and s i m i l a r a c c e s s o r i e s Unic: No. e) Insitlacing block j o i n t s (cype s t a t e d ) Unic: sec Each p a i r of r a i l j o i n c s w i l l be measured as a sec. f ) Track bonding Unic: No. Each r a i l j o i n c w i l l be measured. The r a t e f o r each of i t e m s (a)-(e), i n c l u s i v e . s h a l l cover the cost of providing, d e l i v e r i n g . and i n s c a l l i n g each of che icems scheduled. Load m a t e r i a l released from s t o c k p i l e s Unic: c o r No. Separace items w i l l be scheduled f o r each cype. The race s h a l l cover the c o s t of handling the released m a t e r i a l from designaced s c o c k p i l e s , l o a d i n g i c i n t o railway trucks placed on the nearesc non-running l i n e to the s t o c k p i l e . and making out d e s p a t c h notes in che form ordered. Daywork. See SABS 1200 A o r SARS 1200 AA, as a p p l i c a b l e .

a) Repack and hox i n exiscLng crackwork

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15

SABS 1200 NB-1981 Railway s i d i n g s (trackwork)

K W

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OF 4930mm TO ALLOW MINIMUM CLEARANCE FOR ELECTRlFlC TlOf FOR FUTURE IMPROVEMENTS IN TRACK STANDARDS. CLEARANCE FOR NEW STRUCTURES MUST BE NOT LESS THAN 5080mm ABOVE EXISTING RAIL LEVEL. STRUCTURES ADJACENT TO OR OVER CROSSOVER TRACKS MAY REQUIRE ADDITIONAL CLEARANCE, THE AMOUNT TO BE DECIDED ay THE C.C.E.

GAUGE 1065mm

REWIREMENTS

WORKSHOP AREAS AND TEMPORARY

ALL DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETRES NON - ELECTRIFIED LINES

ALL DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETRES ELECTRIFIED LINES

Drawing NB- 2- Minimum Structure Gauges (Straight Track)

'AD1US OF URVE A IN ETRES

-B

C D F G

CLEARANCE' FOR OVERHEAD STRU

0 1980 90 315 2730 3060 4450 I I 2 5 2 I 1 I I 2 5 2 I I 0 4 980 2700 3030 4450 100 285
125 230 2650 2950 4430 I I 6 5 2058 1980 150 190 2600 2900 4430 I I 6 5 2058 4980 175 165 2580 2880 4430 I I 6 5 2055 4970 200 145 2570 2860 4420 I 2 I0 I995 4970 250 115 2550 2800 4400 1210 1995 4970

300 96 2540 2780 4400 I250 I908 4970 400 70 2520 2700 4370 1290 1885 4960
500 60 2520 2700 4370 1290 I885 4960 600 50 2510 2660 4350 I335 I830 4953 800 40 2500 2620 4340 1335 1830 4 9 5 0

NON -ELECTRI FlED LINES NOTES


I ALLOWANCE FOR CURVATURE "A" I S BASED ON 15 IOOmm BOGIE CENTRES 2 ARE BASED ON MAXIMUM SUPERELEVATION FOR iNSlDE OF CURVE AND - CLEARANCES _-MINIMUM -SUPERELEVATION FOR OUTSIDE OF CURVE 3 FOR CURVES WITHOUT SUPERELEVATION USE GAUGE FOR STRAIGHT TRACK ADDING "A" TO BOTH INSIDE AND OUTSIE 4 8 FOR 2160mm CLEARANCE DEDUCT 300rnm 5 (> MINIMUM CLEARANCE FOR ELECTRIFICATION DIMENSION "H" TO ALLOW FOR F U M E IMPROVEMENTS INTRACK STANDARDS. CLEARANCES FOR NEW STRUCTURES MUST BE 150mm MORE THAN DIMENSION H " ABOVE EXISTING RAIL LEVEL 6 STRUCTURES ADJACENT TO OR OVER CROSSOVER TRACKS MAY REQUIRE ADDITIONAL CLEARANCE : THE AMOUNT TO BE DECIDED BY THE CHIEF CIVIL ENGINEER

1000 30 2490 2580 4330 1375 1770 4940 2000 15 2480 2540 4300 1460 166C 4940
3000 10 2475,2500,4290, I 500, I 600 49 30

ELECTRIFIED LINES

NOTE : Dimensions in rnillimeters

Drawing NB-3

- Minimum Structure Gauges (Curves),Gauge

I 065mm

END

OF RAIL AT JOINT LENGTH OF RAIL

1 -

/ END OF RAIL A T JOINT

325

5 MAX 250

GAUGE
NOTES

NOMINAL SPACING 0=700mrn


SLEEPERS SLEEPERS A PER PER mm RAIL km VARIABLE

NOMINAL SPACING

C= 800 rnrn
B
mm

SLEEPERS SLEEPERS A PER PER mm RAIL km VARIABLE

B
mm

I.MMENSlON FROM END OF RAIL To CENTRE L I N E OF FIRST SLEEPER MAY VARY TO SUIT JOINT REPUIREMENTS BUT MUST NOT EXCEED 3 2 5 m m 2.DIYENSION "B"FROM END OF R A I L TO SECOND SLEEPERS I S FIXED. 3.SLEEPER SPACING A)R SAFETY BARS To BE SAME AS FOR LOCK BARS. 4 . PROVIDED THAT STEEL SLEEPERS OF TYPES E.22 AND E.1053 ARE USED, THREE RAILS OF 1 2 m MAY BE WELDED TOGETHER. NO AMENDMENT TO THE SLEEPER SPACING IS NECESSARY.FOR A L L OTHER TYPES OF SLEEPERS ONLY TWO RAILS OF 12m MAY BE WELDED TOGETHER.

36 000
1065mm GAUGE
FOR 1065 mm GAUGE

52

I444

525

850

46

I 278

475

800

I429

I 250

610 mm GAUGE
255 255 635
735 14/813

1 8

1 333

550

BOO

SLEEPER SPACING To SUIT LINE

LOCK BAR STOCK RAIL JOINT SLEEPER SPACING

FOR

LOCK BARS ON WOODEN SLEEPERS

Drawing NB- 4

- Sleeper Spacing

19

SABS 1200 NB-1981 Railway sidings (trackwork)

APPENDIX A .

APPLICABLE STANDARLIS

Keference is made to the latest issues of the following standards: SABS SABS SABS SABS
1083 1200 A

200 AA 200 D SABS 200 DA SABS 200 DN SABS 200 C SABS 200 GA

Aggregates from natural sources Civil engineering construction : General Civil engineering construction : General (small works) Civil engineering construction : Earthworks Civil engineering construction : Earthworks (small works) Civil engineering construction : Earthworks (railway sidings) Civil engineering construction : Concrete (structural) Civil engineering construction : Concrete (small works)

ISBN 0.626-06060-5

sabs pta