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I. General questions: 1. What are the types of sentence structure? 2. What are the parts of speech? Give examples. 3. What is the difference between the closed-system items and open-class ones? II. Nouns and noun phrases 4. Discuss noun classes 5. What is the basis for classifying determiners? 6. Name the 6 groups of determiners. 7. Discuss the number classes in English 8. Clarify the double genitive in English 9. What are the components of a basic noun phrase? 10. What are the components of a complex noun phrase? 11. What is the main difference between a basic noun phrase and a complex noun phrase? 12. What is the difference between restrictive and nonrestrictive modification? 13. Discuss the difference in modification between” A timid man” and” A man who is afraid” 14. What is the difference between restrictive and nonrestrictive relative clauses? 15. Discuss multiple modification. 16. What is the relative sequence of premodifiers?
Verbs and verb phrases 17. State the uses of the modal auxiliaries 27. what ever you say” and “he ‘shall do it. 32. How are English verbs classified? 18.III. How is the future expressed in English? 23. What is the difference between “I think it’ll rain tonight” and “It is going to rain tonight” 26. What is meant in “He is always ringing me up when I am in the bathroom” 31. State the use of the perfect progressive in “He has been eating my chocolates” 29. What is the difference between” He ‘will do it. What are the verb forms and how are they used? 19. what ever you say”? 28. What is the relationship between tense and aspect? 21. What are the differences between a phrasal verbs and a prepositional verb? . What is the difference between “I will help her” and “ I will be helping her” 25. Explain the TIMELESS use of the present tense 30. Is it true that English has only two tenses: past and present? 22. What are the “marginal modal auxiliaries” and why are they so called? 20. What are the different types of multi-word verbs? Give examples. Discuss the distinction between dynamic and stative verbs 24.
IV.33. What is the difference between” I remembered to fill out the form” and” I remembered filling out the form”? 38. What are the clause patterns? 42. Discuss the complementation of ditransitive verbs. Simple sentences 40. 39. What is the difference in terms of semantic role between the underlined words in” I looked into her big . Some multi-word verbs consist of a verb followed by two particles: To put up with. In what way are clause elements obligatory to the clause structure? 43. What are the semantic roles of clause elements? 46. What are the clause elements and how are they realised? 41. What are they? 35. 37. A sentence like “He looked at the girl” can be analysed in two different ways. How are the seven clause types distinguished from one another? 44. What are the three classes of verbs in the main clause that involve a finite clause as direct object? Give examples. Discuss the complementation of intensive verbs 36. Discuss the complementation of complex transitive verbs. Can you find more verbs like that? 34. What are the syntactic features of clause elements 45.
Explain the use of the singular verb in “The hammer and the sickle was flying from a tall flag pole” 53. Explain the use of the underlined verbs in “Either your eyesight or your brakes were at fault” and “Either your brakes or eyesight was at fault” 52. True or false? 55. How are simple sentences classified according to their communicative purposes? V. What are they? 54. Complex sentences . What is negated (main verb or auxiliary verb) in the following sentences?” You may not smoke in here” and “ She may not come if it rains again this afternoon” 56. The sentence “Harry didn’t attack the Labour Government” can be interpreted in three different ways according to the different stress placement. The sentence” I don’t love you because you are rich” can be open to more than one interpretation. 51. What is the typical semantic role of the direct and indirect object? 48. What is the semantic role of the underlined words? “I paid her a visit” 49.round eyes but I saw nothing special in there” 47. What is the semantic role of the underlined word? “He’s having a bath” 50. Discuss NOTIONAL concord.
57. How are adverbial clauses classified? 66. What is the difference between the relative clause and the appositive clause? 70. Explain the ambiguity that might arise in the sentence” He loves the dog more than his wife” 67. What are the possible functions of THAT-clauses? 61. as I didn’t know whether you were going to say that you could come or you couldn’t. whose elements are realised . What is the difference between subordination and coordination? 58. What are the possible functions of Ing-participle clauses? 65. How many dependent clauses are there in the following sentence “ What I want to say was. we relaxed in the warm sunshine” simple or complex? 68. How is subordination indicated? 59. Is that true that to some extent a complex sentence is a simple sentence. Is the underlined part a nominal That-clause? “ Everyone that thinks so is not necessarily conceited” 62. could you make it the following Saturday?”? 69. What are the possible functions of the WHinterrogative clauses? 63. Is the sentence “ The long journey over. What are the possible functions of the nominal relative clauses? 64. How are dependent clauses classified? 60.