RULE 138-A

Law Student Practice Rule
Section 1. Conditions for student practice. — A law student who has successfully completed his
3rd year of the regular four-year prescribed law curriculum and is enrolled in a recognized law
school's clinical legal education program approved by the Supreme Court, may appear without
compensation in any civil, criminal or administrative case before any trial court, tribunal, board or
officer, to represent indigent clients accepted by the legal clinic of the law school.
Section 2. Appearance. — The appearance of the law student authorized by this rule, shall be
under the direct supervision and control of a member of the Integrated Bar of the Philippines duly
accredited by the law school. Any and all pleadings, motions, briefs, memoranda or other papers to
be filed, must be signed by the supervising attorney for and in behalf of the legal clinic.
Section 3. Privileged communications. — The Rules safeguarding privileged communications
between attorney and client shall apply to similar communications made to or received by the law
student, acting for the legal clinic.
Section 4. Standards of conduct and supervision. — The law student shall comply with the
standards of professional conduct governing members of the Bar. Failure of an attorney to provide
adequate supervision of student practice may be a ground for disciplinary action. (Circular No. 19,
dated December 19, 1986).

RULE 139
Disbarment or Suspension of Attorneys
Section 1. Motion or complaint. — Proceedings for the removal or suspension of attorneys may be
taken by the Supreme Court on its own motion or upon the complaint under oath of another in
writing. The complaint shall set out distinctly, clearly, and concisely the facts complained of,
supported by affidavits, if any, of persons having personal knowledge of the facts therein alleged
and shall be accompanied with copies of such documents as may substantiate said facts.
Section 2. Service or dismissal. — If the complaint appears to merit action, a copy thereof shall be
served upon the respondent, requiring him to answer the same within ten (10) days from the date
of service. If the complaint does not merit action, or if the answer shows to the satisfaction of the
Supreme Court that the complaint is not meritorious, the same shall be dismissed.
Section 3. Investigation by Solicitor General. — Upon the issues raised by the complaint and
answer, or upon failure of the respondent to answer, the case shall be referred to the Solicitor
General for investigation to determine if there is sufficient ground to proceed with the prosecution
of the respondent. In the investigation conducted by the Solicitor General, the respondent shall be
given full opportunity to defend himself, to produce witnesses in his own behalf, and to be heard by
himself and counsel. However, if upon reasonable notice, the respondent fails to appear, the
investigation shall proceed ex parte.
Section 4. Report of the Solicitor General. — Based upon the evidence adduced at the hearing, if
the Solicitor General finds no sufficient ground to proceed against the respondent, he shall submit
a report to the Supreme Court containing his findings of fact and conclusion, whereupon the
respondent shall be exonerated unless the court orders differently.

he shall file the corresponding complaint. may be the clerk of the Supreme Court. The respondent shall be given full opportunity to defend himself. However. and the respondent shall be served by the clerk of the Supreme Court with a copy of the complaint with direction to answer the same within fifteen (15) days. Procedure in Court of Appeals or Courts of First Instance. The rules of evidence shall be applicable to proceedings of this nature. Section 8. and to be heard by himself and counsel. if the respondent had an opportunity to object and cross-examine. if upon reasonable notice the respondent fails to appear. or an attorney-at-law for investigation. upon the filing of such answer or upon the expiration of the time to file the same. Complaint of the Solicitor General. Commissioner to investigate and recommend. the procedure above outlined shall likewise govern the filing and investigation of complaints against attorneys in the Court of Appeals or in Courts of First Instance. Report of commissioner and hearing.Section 5. If in the respondent's answer no statement is made as to any intention of introducing additional evidence. report. the judge of the court of first instance or Justice of the Court of Appeals shall forthwith transmit to the Supreme Court a certified copy of the order of suspension and a full statement of the facts upon which same is based. Section 6. following which the case shall be considered submitted to the court for its final determination. Rules of evidence. — The evidence produced before the Solicitor General in his investigation may be considered by the Supreme Court in the final decision of the case. and recommendation. the case shall be set down for hearing before the court. The Solicitor General or his representative shall appear before the commissioner to conduct the prosecution. In case of suspension of the respondent. in the discretion of the court. accompanied with all the evidence introduced in his investigation. the case shall be set down for hearing. except that the final order of the court shall be made public as in other cases coming before the court. — If the Solicitor General finds sufficient ground to proceed against the respondent. — Proceedings against attorneys shall be private and confidential. — Upon receipt of the report of the commissioner. — As far as may be applicable. — Upon receipt of the respondent's answer. Evidence produced before Solicitor General available. Section 10. to produce additional evidence in his own behalf. copies of which shall be furnished the Solicitor General and the respondent. . Section 9. a judge of first instance. with the Supreme Court. the investigation shall proceed ex parte. wherein a statement is made as to his desire to introduce additional evidence. the case shall be referred to a commissioner who. Confidential. Section 7. Answer of respondent.

Masbate. (e) Pasay City. to wit: (a) Northern Luzon. Zamboanga del Norte. (e) Bicolandia. — The Philippines is hereby divided into nine Regions of the Integrated Bar. (b) Each congressional district of the City of Manila. and Surigao del Sur. Lanao del Norte. Cebu. Purposes. Ilocos Sur. Oriental Mindoro. (g) Western Visayas. Antique. — There is hereby organized an official national body to be known as the "Integrated Bar of the Philippines. Marinduque. Chapters. Lanao del Sur. Camiguin. — The fundamental purposes of the Integrated Bar shall be to elevate the standards of the legal profession. and Southern Leyte. Nueva Ecija. (h) Eastern Mindanao. Camarines Sur. Makati. Iloilo. and Zambales. Davao del Sur. Malabon and Navotas. Batanes. A separate Chapter shall be organized in each of the following political subdivisions or areas. and the provinces of Cotabato. Organization. Northern Samar. Ifugao. and (i) Western Mindanao. Pampanga. Isabela. Eastern Samar. consisting of the provinces of Agusan del Norte. . consisting of the provinces of Bataan. every city shall be considered part of the province within which it is geographically situated. Cavite. consisting of the provinces of Bohol. Quezon. In the event of the creation of any new province. Occidental Mindoro. Negros Oriental. (d) Caloocan City. Benguet. improve the administration of justice. Misamis Oriental. Davao del Norte. consisting of the provinces of Batangas. with the approval of the Supreme Court. Section 2. and Siquijor. Misamis Occidental. — A Chapter of the Integrated Bar shall be organized in every province. Negros Occidental. (c) Quezon City. Camarines Norte. Surigao del Norte. Catanduanes. South Cotabato. Laguna. Sulu. Mandaluyong and San Juan del Monte. Leyte. Capiz. Kalinga-Apayao. (d) Southern Luzon. Except as hereinbelow provided. Romblon. (f) Eastern Visayas. Cagayan. determine the Region to which the said province shall belong. the Board of Governors shall. Bukidnon. and Sorsogon. and Zamboanga del Sur. Regions. and Rizal. Agusan Del Sur. consisting of the provinces of Aklan. Mountain Province." composed of all persons whose names now appear or may hereafter be included in the Roll of Attorneys of the Supreme Court. Davao Oriental. (a) The sub-province of Aurora. Ilocos Norte. consisting of the City of Manila and Quezon City. (b) Central Luzon. Nueva Vizcaya. Section 3. (f) Cebu City. Tarlac. and Quirino. consisting of the provinces of Albay. Samar. consisting of the provinces of Abra. and (g) Zamboanga City and Basilan City. La Union. (c) Greater Manila. Pangasinan. Section 4.RULE 139-A Integrated Bar of the Philippines Section 1. and enable the Bar to discharge its public responsibility more effectively. consisting of the cities of Basilan and Zamboanga. Bulacan. Palawan.

The Board shall meet regularly once every three months. city. a lawyer shall be considered a member of the Chapter of the province. House of Delegates. The members of the Board shall hold office for a term of one year from the date of their election and until their successors shall have been duly elected and qualified. Each Chapter shall have its own local government as provided for by uniform rules to be prescribed by the Board of Governors and approved by the Supreme Court. No person may be a Delegate for more than two terms. On or before December 31. the reading and discussion of reports including the annual report of the Board of Governors. provided that not more than one nominee shall come from any Chapter. The Board shall prescribe such other rules and regulations as may be necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the Integrated Bar as well as the provisions of this Rule. Special conventions of the House may be called by the Board of Governors to consider only such matters as the Board shall indicate. shall constitute a quorum to do business. The House shall hold an annual convention at the call of the Board of Governors at any time during the month of April of each year for the election of Governor. The President and the Executive Vice President.Unless he otherwise registers his preference for a particular Chapter. and the consideration of such additional matters as may be requested in writing by at least twenty Delegates. political subdivision or area where his office. Special meetings may be called by the President or by five members of the Board. No person may be a Governor for more than two terms. but each Chapter shall have at least one Delegate. and every four years thereafter. Nine Governors shall be elected by the House of Delegates from the nine Regions on the representation basis of one Governor from each Region. — The Integrated Bar shall be governed by a Board of Governors. — The Integrated Bar shall have a House of Delegates of not more than one hundred twenty members who shall be apportioned among all the Chapters as nearly as may be according to the number of their respective members. the provisions of Section 19 of this Rule notwithstanding. the Board shall adopt By-Laws and promulgate Canons of Professional Responsibility for all members of the Integrated Bar. A majority of the Delegates who have registered for a convention. Chapters belonging to the same Region may hold regional conventions on matters and problems of common concern. . The By-Laws and the Canons may be amended by the Supreme Court motu propio or upon the recommendation of the Board of Governors. A majority of all the members of the Board shall constitute a quorum to do business. The term of the office of Delegate shall begin on the date of the opening of the annual convention of the House and shall end on the day immediately preceding the date of the opening of the next succeeding annual convention. 1974. the transaction of such other business as may be referred to it by the Board. in the absence thereof. the Board of Governors shall make an apportionment of Delegates. Board of Governors. In no case shall any lawyer be a member of more than one Chapter. if chosen by the Governors from outside of themselves as provided in Section 7 of this Rule. Section 6. Each Governor shall be chosen from a list of nominees submitted by the Delegates from the Region. on such date and such time and place as it shall designate. Subject to the approval of the Supreme Court. Section 5. shall ipso facto become members of the Board. whether annual or special. or. his residence is located.

and such other officers and employees as may be required by the Board of Governors. Reinstatement may be made by the Court in accordance with rules and regulations prescribed by the Board of Governors and approved by the Court. In the event of the death. Whenever the term of an office or position is for a fixed period. Officers. Non-political Bar. The filling of vacancies in the House of Delegates. — In the event the President is absent or unable to act. — A member may terminate his membership by filing a written notice to that effect with the Secretary of the Integrated Bar. The Integrated Bar shall have a Secretary. quasi-judicial. resignation. the Executive Vice President shall serve as Acting President during the remainder of the term of the office thus vacated. by the vote of at least five Governors. or removal of the President. judicial. No lawyer holding an elective. his duties shall be performed by the Executive Vice President. re-instatement. Section 11. The President and the Executive Vice President shall hold office for a term of one year from the date of their election and until their successors shall have duly qualified. a Treasurer. to be appointed by the President with the consent of the Board. The Executive Vice President shall automatically become the President for the next succeeding full term. — Every member of the Integrated Bar shall pay such annual dues as the Board of Governors shall determine with the approval of the Supreme Court. Section 12. and default in such payment for one year shall be a ground for the removal of the name of the delinquent member from the Roll of Attorneys. Grievance procedures. Board of Governors. Each of the regional members of the Board shall be ex officio Vice President for the Region which he represents. Section 9. default in the payment of annual dues for six months shall warrant suspension of membership in the Integrated Bar. Effect of non-payment of dues. Said officers and employees need not be members of the Integrated Bar. but no action involving the suspension or disbarment of a member or the removal of his name from the Roll of Attorneys shall be effective without the final approval of the Supreme Court. Section 13. and every activity tending to impair this basic feature is strictly prohibited and shall be penalized accordingly. Voluntary termination of membership. — Subject to the provisions of Section 12 of this Rule. — The Integrated Bar shall be strictly non-political. or disability of both the President and the Executive Vice President. either from among themselves or from other members of the Integrated Bar. who shall immediately bring the matter to the attention of the Supreme Court. removal. Section 10. A fixed sum equivalent to ten percent (10%) of the collection from each Chapter shall be set aside as a Welfare Fund for disabled members of the Chapter and the compulsory heirs of deceased members thereof. Section 8. The Presidency shall rotate from year to year among all the nine Regions in such order or rotation as the Board of Governors shall prescribe. No person shall be President or Executive Vice President of the Integrated Bar for more than one term.Section 7. Forthwith he shall cease to be a member and his name shall be stricken by the Court from the Roll of Attorneys. and to hold office at the pleasure of the Board or for such terms as it may fix. the person chosen to fill a vacancy therein shall serve only for the unexpired term. the Board of Governors shall elect an Acting President to hold office until the next succeeding election or during the period of disability. and all other positions of Officers of the Integrated Bar shall be as provided in the By-Laws. Membership dues. — The Board of Governors shall provide in the By-Laws for grievance procedures for the enforcement and maintenance of discipline among all the members of the Integrated Bar. — The Integrated Bar shall have a President and an Executive Vice President who shall be chosen by the Governors immediately after the latter's election. resignation. or prosecutory office in the Government or any political . and in the event of the death. Vacancies.

February 17. including the election of a President. Amendments. — All voluntary Bar associations now existing or which may hereafter be formed may co-exist with the Integrated Bar but shall not operate at cross-purposes therewith. — The Board of Governors shall cause to be published a quarterly Journal of the Integrated Bar. The President of each Chapter shall concurrently be its Delegate to the House of Delegates. time and place of the meeting called to organize a Chapter shall constitute a quorum for the purpose. Section 20. The House of Delegates shall convene in the City of Manila on Saturday. but each Chapter shall have at least one Delegate. — The Commission on Bar Integration shall organize the local Chapters and toward this end shall secure the assistance of the Department of Justice and of all Judges throughout the Philippines. or prosecutory office in the Government or any political subdivision or instrumentality thereof. free copies of which shall be distributed to every member of the Integrated Bar. Section 16. in which case the Vice President shall also be a Delegate. a Secretary. It shall cause proper Books of Accounts to be kept and Financial Statements to be rendered and shall see to it that the proper audit is made of all accounts of the Integrated Bar and all the Chapters thereof. — This Rule shall take effect on January 16. Section 19.subdivision or instrumentality thereof shall be eligible for election of appointment to any position in the Integrated Bar or any Chapter thereof shall be considered ipso facto resigned from his position as of the moment he files his certificate of candidacy for any elective public office or accepts appointment to any judicial. Journal. Fiscal matters. The Vice President shall be his alternate. the Commission shall cause proper notice of the date. allowance or emolument from the funds of the Integrated Bar for any service rendered therein or be entitled to reimbursement for any expense incurred in the discharge of his functions. no Delegate or Governor and no national or local Officer or committee member shall receive any compensation. — The Board of Governors shall administer the funds of the Integrated Bar and shall have the power to make appropriations and disbursements therefrom. Positions honorary. and five Directors. March 17. RULE 139-B . The Commission shall initially fix the number of Delegates and apportion the same among all the Chapters as nearly as may be in proportion to the number of their respective members. The Board of Directors of the Chapter shall in proper cases elect additional as well as alternate Delegates. — Except as may be specifically authorized or allowed by the Supreme Court. Section 14. The Officers so chosen shall immediately assume their respective positions. — This Rule may be amended by the Supreme Court motu propio or upon the recommendation of the Board of Governors or any Chapter of the Integrated Bar. quasi-judicial. a Treasurer. Section 18. In every case. Section 17. The Governors shall immediately assume office and forthwith meet to elect the Officers of the Integrated Bar. All Chapter organizational meetings shall be held on Saturday. Effectivity. Section 15. Organizational period. Voluntary Bar associations. except where the Chapter is entitled to have more than one Delegate. 1973. 1973 for the Purpose of electing a Board of Governors. 1973. a Vice President.

A copy of the resolution of dismissal shall be furnished the complainant and the Supreme Court which may review the case motu propio or upon timely appeal of the complainant filed within 15 days from notice of the dismissal of the complainant. Chapter assistance to complainant. Any Investigator may also be removed for cause. — The proper IBP Chapter may assist the complainant(s) in the preparation and filing of his complaint(s). motu propio or upon referral by the Supreme Court or by a Chapter Board of Officers. the Investigator shall direct that a copy thereof be served upon the respondent. or if the answer shows to the satisfaction of the Investigator that the complaint is not meritorious. No investigation shall be interrupted or terminated by reason of the desistance. by the vote of at least six (6) members of the IBP Board of Governors. pecuniary interest. — Proceedings for the disbarment. or by the Integrated Bar of the Philippines (IBP) upon the verified complaint of any person. after due hearing. may order his disqualification. suspension. An Investigator may be disqualified by reason of relationship within the fourth degree of consanguinity of affinity to any of the parties of their counsel. A. or his having acted as counsel to his acting as such Investigator. the same may be dismissed by the Board of Governors upon his recommendation. initiate and prosecute proper charges against erring attorneys including those in the government service. National Grievance Investigators. or failure of the complainant to prosecute the same. compromise. If the complaint does not merit action. restitution. personal bias. Service or dismissal. PROCEEDINGS IN THE INTEGRATED BAR OF THE PHILIPPINES Section 2. requiring him to answer the same within fifteen (15) days from the date of service. Duties of the National Grievance Investigator. The decision of the Board of Governors in all cases of disqualification or removal shall be final. Section 5. a party may appeal to the IBP Board of Governors. All Investigators shall take an oath of office in the form prescribed by the Board of Governors. How Instituted.Disbarment and Discipline of Attorneys Section 1. — The Board of Governors shall appoint from among IBP members an Investigator or. Section 3. The complaint shall state clearly and concisely the facts complained of and shall be supported by affidavits of persons having personal knowledge of the facts therein alleged and/or by such documents as may substantiate said facts. Where the Investigator does not disqualify himself. withdrawal of the charges. or discipline of attorneys may be taken by the Supreme Court motu propio. settlement. a panel of three (3) investigators to investigate the complaint. Section 4. when special circumstances so warrant. unless the Supreme Court motu propio or upon recommendation of the IBP Board of . or at the instance of any person. A copy of the Investigator's appointment and oath shall be transmitted to the Supreme Court. The IBP Board of Governors may. — The National Grievance Investigators shall investigate all complaints against members of the Integrated Bar referred to them by the IBP Board of Governors. — If the complaint appears to be meritorious. which by majority vote of the members present. there being a quorum. Six (6) copies of the verified complaint shall be filed with the Secretary of the IBP or the Secretary of any of its chapter who shall forthwith transmit the same to the IBP Board of Governors for assignment to an investigator.

to present witnesses on his behalf. Any suitable member of the Integrated Bar in the place where a deposition shall be taken may be designated by the Investigator to assist the complainant or the respondent in taking a deposition. The corresponding charge shall be filed by the Investigator before the IBP Board of Governors which shall require the alleged contemnor to show cause within ten (10) days from notice. (Amendment pursuant to Supreme Court Resolution dated May 27. However. Willful failure or refusal to obey a subpoena or any other lawful order issued by the Investigator shall be dealt with as for indirect contempt of court. or any officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Depositions may be taken outside the Philippines before diplomatic or consular representative of the Philippine Government or before any person agreed upon by the parties or designated by the Board of Governors. Such hearing shall as far as practicable be terminated within fifteen (15) days from its commencement. proceed with the investigation of the case. Section 6. — Upon joinder of issues or upon failure of the respondent to answer. together with the stenographic notes and the transcript thereof. — Not later than thirty (30) days from the termination of the investigation. which shall forthwith be transmitted to the Supreme Court for final action and if warranted. Section 7. Report of Investigator. the IBP Board of Governors shall within a like period of fifteen (15) days issue a resolution setting forth its findings and recommendations. Administrative counsel. — The IBP Board of Governors shall appoint a suitable member of the Integrated Bar as counsel to assist the complainant of the respondent during the investigation in case of need for such assistance. Thereafter. unless extended for good cause by the Board of Governors upon prior application. the Investigator shall submit a report containing his findings of fact and recommendations to the IBP Board of Governors. The original and five (5) legible copies of the answer shall be filed with the Investigator. it being sufficient that the report reproduce substantially from the Investigator's personal notes any relevant and pertinent testimonies. Depositions. the President of any Chapter. Section 10. The submission of the report need not await the transcription of the stenographic notes. determines that there is no compelling reason to continue with the disbarment or suspension proceedings against the respondent. Within the Philippines. The respondent shall be given full opportunity to defend himself. Section 8. and be heard by himself and counsel. depositions may be taken before any member of the Board of Governors. The Investigator shall terminate the investigation within three (3) months from the date of its commencement. the Investigator shall. He shall have the power to issue subpoenas and administer oaths. . 1993 re Bar Matter 356). if necessary. Verification and service of answer. Investigation. — Depositions may be taken in accordance with the Rules of Court with leave of the investigator(s). with deliberate speed. The IBP Board of Governors may thereafter conduct hearings. with proof of service of a copy thereof on the complainant or his counsel. the investigation shall proceed ex parte. and all the evidence presented during the investigation.Governors. if upon reasonable notice. Section 9. — The answer shall be verified. the respondent fails to appear. the imposition of penalty. in accordance with the procedure set forth in this Rule for hearings before the Investigator.

The decision of the Board upon such review shall be in writing and shall clearly and distinctly state the facts and the reasons on which it is based. Section 27. Section 27 2. a) Every case heard by an investigator shall be reviewed by the IBP Board of Governors upon the record and evidence transmitted to it by the Investigator with his report. b) If the Board. 1 — The Court of Appeals or Regional Trial Court may suspend an attorney from practice for any of the causes named in Rule 138. — No defect in a complaint. . Supreme Court Investigation. C.Section 11. finds that such defect has resulted or may result in a miscarriage of justice. upon considering the whole record. including invalidation of the entire proceedings. the Solicitor General or other Investigator designated by the Supreme Court shall submit to the Supreme Court a report containing his findings of fact and recommendations for the final action of the Supreme Court. PROCEEDINGS IN THE SUPREME COURT Section 13. — In proceedings initiated motu propio by the Supreme Court or in other proceedings when the interest of justice so requires. determines that the respondent should be suspended from the practice of law or disbarred. until further action of the Supreme Court in the case. it shall issue a resolution setting forth its findings and recommendations which. shall forthwith be transmitted to the Supreme Court for final action. the Supreme Court. by the vote of a majority of its total membership. c) If the respondent is exonerated by the Board or the disciplinary sanction imposed by it is less than suspension or disbarment (such as admonition. Section 12. or in the proceeding or the Investigator's Report shall be considered as substantial unless the Board of Governors. Section 16. — After receipt of respondent's answer or lapse of the period therefor. Suspension of attorney by Supreme Court. together with the whole record of the case. Section 14. notice. — Based upon the evidence adduced at the investigation. B. The case shall be deemed terminated unless upon petition of the complainant or other interested party filed with the Supreme Court within fifteen (15) days from notice of the Board's resolution. or fine) it shall issue a decision exonerating respondent or imposing such sanction. Review and decision by the Board of Governors. Defects. motu propio. answer. Suspension of attorney by the Court of Appeals or a Regional Trial Court. during the pendency of the investigation until such suspension is lifted by the Supreme Court. the Supreme Court orders otherwise. d) Notice of the resolution or decision of the Board shall be given to all parties through their counsel. save that the review of the report of investigation shall be conducted directly by the Supreme Court. in which case the investigation shall proceed in the same manner provided in sections 6 to 11 hereof. the Supreme Court may refer the case for investigation to the Solicitor-General or to any officer of the Supreme Court or judge of a lower court. It shall be promulgated within a period not exceeding thirty (30) days from the next meeting of the Board following the submittal of the Investigator's Report. COMMON PROVISIONS Section 15. Report of the Solicitor General of other Court-designated Investigator. may suspend an attorney from the practice of his profession for any of the causes specified in Rule 138. or at the instance of the IBP Board of Governors upon the recommendation of the Investigator. reprimand. A copy of the same shall be transmitted to the Supreme Court. in which event the Board shall take such remedial action as the circumstances may warrant.

the Court of Appeals or a Regional Trial Court shall forthwith transmit to the Supreme Court a certified copy of the order of suspension and a full statement of the facts upon which the same was based.Section 17. — Upon such suspension. — All reasonable and necessary expenses incurred in relation to disciplinary and disbarment proceedings are lawfull charges for which the parties may be taxed as costs. Expenses. — Proceedings against attorneys shall be private and confidential. Upon receipt of such certified copy and statement. — A member of the bar may be removed or suspended form his office as attorney by the Supreme Court for any deceit. The practice of soliciting cases at law for the purpose of gain. or by reason of his conviction of a crime involving moral turpitude. constitutes malpractice. or for a willful disobedience of any lawful order of a superior court. either personally or through paid agents or brokers. Section 19. grossly immoral conduct. Effectivity and Transitory Provision. However. Attorneys removed or suspended by the Supreme Court on what grounds. Section 18. . Confidentiality. Section 27 reads: "SEC. or for any violation of the oath which he is required to take before admission to practice. the Supreme Court shall make a full investigation of the case and may revoke. All cases pending investigation by the Office of the Solicitor General shall be transferred to the Integrated Bar of the Philippines Board of Governors for investigation and disposition as provided in this Rule except those cases where the investigation has been substantially completed. or for corruptly or willfully appearing as an attorney for a party to a case without authority so to do. shorten or extend the suspension. 2 The text of Rule 138. the final order of the Supreme Court shall be published like its decisions in other cases. or disbar the attorney as the facts may warrant. Footnotes 1 This section and the following Section 17 sepersede Section 9 of Rule 139. malpractice or other gross misconduct in such office. Upon suspension by Court of Appeals or Regional Trial Court. — This Rule shall take effect June 1. 27. 1988 and shall supersede the present Rule 139 entitled "DISBARMENT OR SUSPENSION OF ATTORNEYS". further proceedings in Supreme Court. Section 20.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful