# ECET 2310 Laboratory Exercise 2 (Revised 5/22/00) Amplifier Frequency Response and Bode Plots

In this exercise you will investigate the frequency response of two general voltage amplifiers. An input shunt capacitance and an output series capacitance dominate the frequency response of each amplifier. You will theoretically investigate the two amplifiers and summarize their predicted responses by creating gain versus frequency plots. You then will measure the actual frequency responses utilizing amplifier circuits constructed on your protoboard and compare the actual responses to the predicted responses. Table 1 - Amplifier Values Value Amplifier A Amplifier B Avo = vo/vin 4.29 7.92 10 4.7 rs (kΩ ) 56 56 rin (kΩ ) 470 470 ro (Ω ) 33 5.6 RL (kΩ ) Cin (nF) 1 10 Co (nF) 100 100

ro
+

Co

rs
+

Cin vin

rin

vo
-

RL

vL

vs
-

Figure 1
Procedure Part A. Preliminary Calculations 1. Preliminary calculations for amplifier A (a.) Use the amplifier circuit shown in Figure 1 and the component and gain values for amplifier A as given in Table 1 and determine the following: the lower cutoff frequency: f1 = ______________ the upper cutoff frequency: f2 = ______________ the midband gain: Avs(midband) = vL/vS (midband) = _____________

page 2/4 (b. Note that an asymptotic plot of the frequency response of a system is often referred to as a Bode plot. 1 (a.). sketch the asymptotic (straight-line) plot that will approximate the frequency response plot [magnitude of vL/vS (in dB) versus frequency (in Hz)] of amplifier A for 10 Hz ≤ f ≤ 100 kHz.) Use the amplifier circuit shown in Figure 1 and the component and gain values for amplifier B as given in Table 1 and determine the following: the lower cutoff frequency: f1 = ______________ the upper cutoff frequency: f2 = ______________ the midband gain: Avs(midband) = vL/vS (midband) = _____________ (b. 2. (Note: this is not an asymptotic or straight-line plot) .ECET 2310. draw a frequency response plot [magnitude of vL/vS (in dB) versus frequency (in Hz)] of amplifier B for 10 Hz ≤ f ≤ 100 kHz. Table 2 .) Complete Table 2.) Utilizing 4-cycle semilog graph paper and the appropriate data in Table 2.) Utilizing 4-cycle semilog graph paper and the data determined in Part A. Lab 2. Preliminary calculations for amplifier B (a.Predicted Frequency Response Results for Amplifier B Frequency Magnitude of Magnitude of (Hz) vL/vS vL/vS (dB) 10 25 50 100 250 500 1000 2500 5000 10000 25000 50000 100000 f1 f2 (c.

and measure and record the magnitude of vS and vL from 10 Hz to 100 kHz for amplifier B. 1 (a. R1 and RL to the following: rs = 4. it is suggested that you look at semilog graph paper and carefully consider at which frequencies data should be collected.) Construct the amplifier circuit shown in Figure 2.). This will create an amplifier that will have component and gain values similar to those specified for amplifier B in Table 1.) Adjust a sinusoidal signal source to 1 Vpp . R1 = 3. R1 R2 27 kΩ +15 V (2) (7) rs vs Cin rin 56 kΩ (3) LM741 (4) (6) ro 470 Ω Co 100 nF vL RL -15 V Figure 2 . Measure and record the magnitude of vS and vL from 10 Hz to 100 kHz. one to +15 V and one to −15 V as measured from a common ground. Set rs = 10 kΩ . Performance measurements for amplifier B (a. (b. Lab 2. (c.ECET 2310. (c.) Devise a procedure so that you can measure vL/vS of amplifier A over the frequency range of 10 Hz to 100 kHz. Performance measurements for amplifier A (a. Be sure that the polarity is correct and that both supplies share a common ground. page 3/4 Part B. Be sure to determine the actual cutoff frequencies and the associated phase shifts at the actual cutoff frequencies. 1 (d. This will create an amplifier that will have component and gain values similar to those specified for amplifier A in Table 1. pin #5 and pin #8 of the 741 op-amp are not connected in this circuit.) Modify the amplifier circuit that you constructed in Part B.) Verify that your actual data for amplifier B agrees favorably with the predicted response. Performance of the practical amplifiers 1. (d. Note that pin #1. Connect the two supply voltages to the appropriate power supply pins on the 741 op-amp. Cin.7 kΩ .9 kΩ and RL = 5. (e.) Verify that your actual data for amplifier A agrees favorably with the predicted response. R1 = 8.) Adapt your procedure from Part B. 1 kHz and connect it to the amplifier circuit as vS.6 kΩ . but be sure that you collect adequate data to accurately reproduce the amplifier's response in the critical regions near the cutoff frequencies.) by changing the values of rs. Cin = 1 nF.) Adjust two power supply voltages. Cin = 10 nF.2 kΩ and RL = 33 kΩ . Since you will use this data to make a frequency response plot. A few measurements are sufficient for most of the amplifier’s frequency response range. 2. (b. Be sure to determine the actual cutoff frequencies and the associated phase shifts at the actual cutoff frequencies.

Compare the predicted and the actual responses of amplifier A. Is it appropriate to utilize a 5 Vpp.WRH) . 7. sinusoidal value for vs in Procedure Part B. Utilizing the data obtained in Part B. 4. which shows both the predicted magnitude of vL/vS (in dB) versus frequency (in Hz) and the actual magnitude of vL/vS (in dB) versus frequency (in Hz) for amplifier A from 10 Hz to 100 kHz.ECET 2310. 3.) with amplifier A? Explain your answer. 1 (d. Describe how the close proximity of the cutoff frequencies affects the magnitude of the midband gain of amplifier B. Utilizing the data obtained in Part B. Lab 2. 2 (b. Approved by _______________________ date ___________ Results due _______________ Formal Report ? Yes No (revised 5/22/00 . Is it appropriate to utilize a 5 Vpp. and the actual magnitude of vL/vS (in dB) versus frequency (in Hz) for amplifier B. which shows both the predicted magnitude of vL/vS (in dB) versus frequency (in Hz) and the actual magnitude of vL/vS (in dB) versus frequency (in Hz) for amplifier B from 10 Hz to 100 kHz. Specifically compare the midband gains. the cutoff frequencies and the response curves. on one sheet of 4-cycle semilog graph paper. 5. page 4/4 Calculations and Results 1. prepare a table that lists the actual magnitude of vL/vS. 8. and the actual magnitude of vL/vS (in dB) versus frequency (in Hz) for amplifier A. Account for any differences. 2 (b. Specifically compare the midband gains. Compare the predicted and the actual responses of amplifier B. 6.) with amplifier B? Explain your answer. Prepare a graph. Prepare a graph. prepare a table that lists the actual magnitude of vL/vS. 1 (d. Account for any differences. sinusoidal value for vs in Procedure Part B. on one sheet of 4-cycle semilog graph paper.).). 2. the cutoff frequencies and the response curves.