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# CALCULO DE COLUMNA

NIVEL
6
5
4
3
2
1

C-1

AREA TRIB. AREA TRIB. ACUM.
16.77
16.77
16.77
33.54
16.77
50.31
16.77
67.08
16.77
83.85
16.77
100.62

R1(%)
13.416
26.832
40.248
53.664
67.08
80.496

CM
1.88
2.065
2.065
2.065
2.065
2.065

CV
0.55
1.278
1.278
1.278
1.278
1.278

R1= 0.8Ata (%) paara Ata > 15 m2
R1, R2 = Porcentajes de reduccion
R2 = 100(D+L)/4.33v < 60%
R =
Porcentaje de reduccion final (el menor de R1 y R2)
CARGA VIVA REDUCIDA
Nº PISOS
6
5
4
3
2
1

CASO DE CARGAS CARGA AXIAL
CM
CV
S
1,4CM+1,7CV
1,25(CM+CV+S)
0,9CM+1,25S

60.84
19.29
117.959
100.154
56.004

f=
1
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.4

CV
2.52
3.35
3.35
3.35
3.35
3.35

CV Acum.
2.52
5.87
9.22
12.58
15.93
19.29

CVA xf
2.52
4.29
5.51
5.83
6.37
7.71

MOMENTO FLECTOR
INFERIOR
SUPERIOR
0.8
0.69
0.25
0.11
-14.5
-15.44
1.46
1.12
22.45
24.3
21.8
22.8

Δ=
0.063668252
Q=
0.097190276
COLUMNA CORTA CON CARGA EXCENTRICA

Q<0,05 indesplazable

Eje "Y" :

Y=P/ Ag =

0.07372

Eje "X" :

X=M/(Ag*d) =

0.00041

ρ= 0.01

0.92

As=

14.8 cm2

ACERO
1/2" Ф # 4
5/8" Ф # 5
3/4" Ф # 6
3/8" Ф # 3

DIAMETRO
1.27
1.59
1.91
0.95

73 Deformacion unitaaria que provoca flueancia del acero Es = 2100000 εs =Fs/Es Si F'c = Fy = C= 40 PUNTO 1 P#0 210 Kg/cm2 4200 Kg/cm2 M=0 0.16 S= 2.002 .46 NUMERO DE ACERO ESPACIAMIENTO 7.73 7.48 3.98 15.PARA Ф 3/4" n= 5.5 4 Ф 3/4" = 2 Ф 5/8" = As TOTAL 11.

a. C = 0.Fs 32466.Luego Fs1.85.c 285600.P 17 -17 3 ΣM = .00 17 P2=As2.003x(40-3)/40 ζ2 =0. ζc = 0.00 ΣM = Momento M 0 551922 -551922 0 Punto 2 = Calculo de las deformaciones unitarias ζc = 0.a.73 7.003x(40-37)/40 Esfuerzo en el acero Fs1 = Fy = Fs2 = Es.002 0.002 4200 472.002775 > 0.f`c .00 -17 Pn = ΣP = 350532.000225 < 0.c 0.00 3652.85.Fs 32466.003 c = 40 a = β1c = 34 ζ1 =0.43 Punto 3 El eje neutro es paralelo al eje X y esta a 10 cm de borde inferior de la seccion transversal de la columna.003 B. Fs3 = Fy = 4200 Kg/cm2 Calculo de fuerzas de compraesiñon en el concreto Kg brazo de pal.73 ΣP = P =As.00 278878. Fs2.f`c .43 242760.Fs 32466.5 As 7.ζs2 C = 0.00 0 P1=As1.

70 1735100.002 0.63 551922.25 17 -17 ΣM = Punto 4 ζc = 0.003x(10-3)/30 0.33 .0027 > 0.003(22.85.00 -11363.5 ζ1 =0.002 M= 990005.50 32466.2= 37 22.003(17.002 As = C = 0.10= 30 a = β1c = 25.00 7.002594595 > 0.003 d= c = 3d/5 a = 0.002352941 >0.Fs 136552.73 ΣP = P =As.87 17.8 ζ1=0.c Fs1 = Fy = Fs2 = Es.c= 40 .10 157655.2-3)/22.85c 60-34.ζ2= 4200 1470.2 0.003x(30-3)/30 ζ2 =0.a.00 193172.40 brazo de Pal 7.002 0.2 18.2 ζ2=0.0007 < 0.8-3)/22.73 7.f`c .

003(32.( la posicion fue obtenida por tanteo hasta alcasar flexion pura ) ζc = 0.f`c .31 4200.003(7.00 74776.34-3)/7.002 As= C = 0.00 4200.000598719 < 0.f`c .a.003 c= 40 .ζ1= Fs2 = Fy = 1 2 3 4 1257.252= 3.15 b.85.85.75 a = β1c = 3.78 1735100.Fs 74776.22 17 -17 ΣM= 1000 1000 1000 1000 .00 0.15 100000 100000 100000 100000 b.54 P 350532.66-3)/7.026141942 >0.61 9719.73 ΣP= P =As.73 7.34 ζ2=0.c Fs1 = Es.34 0.36.15 32466.66 cm de borde inferior de la seccion transversal de la columna.As= C = 0.a.002 0.33 2058361.765 17 -17 ΣM= M≠0 El eje neutro es paralelo al eje X y esta a 32.00 Punto 5 Punto en que P = 0 7.73 ΣP= P =As.19 ζ1=0.01 -32466.73 7.c Fs1 = Fy = Fs2 = Fy = 4200.43 157655.P 12.P 4.00 M 0 1218110.00 7.40 74776.Fs 22746.00 278878.00 -32466.

88 0 100000 1000 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 0 5 10 CALCULO DE ESTRIBOS EN COLUMNA 15 20 25 .5 813135.

000711111 4.12 25.5 1.5 S2= 0.977539063 1 Apoyo en la zapata 0.96 β = CM/(CM+CV) 5 1 0.00078125 G1 G2 = K= L= 2.2 COLUMNA CONSIDERANDO ESBELTEZ determinamos si es necesario considerar los efectos de esbeltez Usando un factor de longitud efectiva K = 1 ACI 10.30x0.30x0.5 M2 = B 2.1 0.12 r= 0.45 Tn.7 5.50 0.60x0.6+0.m 2 0.000625 0.2 cant d stribos S 1 5 RESTO @ @ @ 0.1 S1= 0.4 Pu 117.4(M1/M2) ≥ 0.60 0.7 Eje "Y" : Eje "X" : As= .98< 30.98 KL/r = (KL/r )< 34-12(M1/M2) COLUMNA CORTA (KL/r )>34-12(M1/M2) COLUMNA LARGA 25.15 Se considera la esbeltez de la columna Entonces el momento de diseño se va ha calcular con Mc = δM2 donde Cm=0.05 0.estribos de 1/4" Ф L= 0.50 0.83 3 22.

.

45 CM Acum 8.4 f=1-R At = Area tributaria Ata = Area tributaria acumulada CM 8.45 10.27 1.4112228 60.5 0.71 37 40 .99 2.154 Vu = 24.59 10.4112228 60.45 10.R2 (%) 1 60.4112228 R(%) 60 60 60 60 60 26.248 53.45 10.03 b= 0.4 0.59 19.3 d= 0.87 0.39 60.4 L= 3 AREA 1.94 50.664 60 60 f 1 0.37 t= 0.4112228 60.7 0.84 E = 15000*(F'c)^1/2 I = L^4/12 Pu = 100.45 10.6 0.04 29.49 39.832 40.4112228 60.

5 a= c= 40 cm 40 cm .4 Ф 3/4" 2 Ф 5/8" s=2.

00 1218110.00 -62091.225 728280.78 .M 551922.

.

00 2058361.66 74.53 278.88 157.18 551922.00 551922.00 813135.70 165223.54 M= 95990.78 .35 20.54 551922.M= 954517.18 17.58 P= 350.88 M 0 12.

13 25 0 .8.

77 βd = CM/(CM+CV) 0.515757 Pu = Eg = I= 0.98076 1.1200 menores valores 0.97 117.021 0.12 M1 = M2 ∆ = ML²/6EI 25.07372 X=Mc/(Ag*d) 0.01 Tn 1.460 Se ha tomado los 1.01 OK .00040 = 14.m 0.0.8 cm2 ρ= 0.055 >1 Mc =δM2 Y=P/ Ag = 23.96 2173707 0.742 1948.002133 1223.68 Tn.