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LTE World Summit 2013

RAN Evolution Beyond Release 12
Takehiro Nakamura
NTT DOCOMO, INC.

NTT DOCOMO, INC., Copyright 2013, All rights reserved.

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All rights reserved. Copyright 2013. Battery saving Massive device connectivity Reduced control signaling.FRA concept Support for traffic explosion Beyond 500x in 10 years QoE for various applications Future Radio Access Gbps-experience data rate. 2 . More simultaneous pipes Intelligent network with low cost & high robustness Support of diverse environments (small cells & higher frequency bands). INC.. Energy saving Future Radio Access (FRA) will provide a total solution to satisfy the requirements by future drivers NTT DOCOMO. Reduced latency.

2243 (IMT. . Copyright 2013.6 times per year (2004 – 2009) • Approx.Capacity • Higher system capacity: – Report ITU-R M. 2 times per year (2010 – 2011) • Approx. 12 times traffic growth is envisioned between 2011 and 2015 Traffic volume Traffic growth forecast • The main drivers are smartphones. INC.UPDATE): 15~30 times traffic growth is envisioned between 2010 and 2015 – Mobile data traffic is continuously growing over DOCOMO network • Approx.. 1. All rights reserved. video services and high-speed data access ~ 12x ~ 2x Mobile data traffic is expected to grow to x500~x1000 in 10 years (2010 – 2020) 2010 2011 2015 Fiscal Year 3 NTT DOCOMO.

INC. Advanced receiver Study for new interference scenarios Current capacity Network densification Hotspot Dense urban Shopping mall Cellular network assists local area radio access Tx-Rx cooperative access technologies Spectrum extension Existing cellular bands Very wide Higher/wider frequency bands Super wide New cellular concept for cost/energyefficient dense deployments Frequency Efficient use of higher spectrum bands NTT DOCOMO. Copyright 2013.. 4 . All rights reserved.Directions of evolution: “The Cube” A set of radio access technologies is required to satisfy future requirements Required performance Spectrum efficiency Traffic offloading TRx TRx TRx TRx TRx TRx TRx TRx WiFi Non-orthogonal multiple access Controller 3D/Massive MIMO.

… Further LTE enhancements Rel-12/13 Rel-10/11 CA/eICIC/CoMP for HetNet WRC-15 ~2020 NTT DOCOMO. Copyright 2013. INC.Evolution paths for FRA • Further LTE enhancements – Macro-assisted small cell enhancement (Phantom cell) – Further general LTE enhancements – Should prioritize the achievement of more big gains over backward compatibility – Consider new spectrum allocations of WRC-15 and beyond – Some technical components may be applied to further LTE enhancements Future Radio Access • Potential new RAT Potential New RAT Big gain LTE-C Performance LTE-B LTE-Advanced LTE Rel-8/9 Pico/Femto Macro-assisted small cell enhancement (Phantom cell) Rel-14/15. All rights reserved. ~2015 Year 5 ..

> 10GHz) Frequency  No coverage issue any more  Can provide very high throughput using wider bandwidth  Big offloading gain from existing cellular bands FRA technical concept Future cellular enhancements New RAT for higher frequencies NTT DOCOMO.g.. INC. 6 . All rights reserved. > 3GHz) Super wide (e.g.FRA technical concept Combined usage of lower and higher frequency bands  Higher frequency bands become useful and beneficial! Existing cellular bands (high power density for coverage) Higher frequency bands (wider bandwidth for high data rate) Very wide (e. Copyright 2013.

Copyright 2013.Phantom cell concept • Proposed macro-assisted small cell – “Phantom cell” – Split of C-plane and U-plane between macro & small cells in different bands Macro cell Existing cellular bands Phantom cell Higher frequency bands C-plane: Macro cell maintains good connectivity and mobility using lower frequency bands (RRC: Radio Resource Control) NTT DOCOMO.. All rights reserved. INC. U-plane: Small cell provides higher throughput and more flexible/costenergy efficient operations using higher/wider frequency bands 7 .

.Massive MIMO – BF gain Beamforming (BF) gain with massive antenna elements 2GHz λ/2 Increasing number of antenna elements by X 4GHz 1) Increase of BF gain by X 2) Decrease of BF width by 1/X L Φmin G Distance between antenna elements (λ/2) reduced by half doubles the number of antenna elements (λ/2)/2 L Φmin /2 2G Massive MIMO in higher frequency bands  Compensation of increased path loss & Improved spectrum efficiency Improved coverage and spectrum Massive MIMO efficiency for super dense small cells in higher freqeuncy bands NTT DOCOMO. 8 . INC. All rights reserved. Copyright 2013.

frequency-domain signal processing becomes possible – Exploitation of path loss difference among users • Multi-path fading was exploited by OFDMA. INC. FRA Orthogonal (OFDMA) + Superposition/Cancellation (NOMA) Link adaptation Multiple access image Fast TPC (TPC: Transmission Power Control) AMC (AMC: Adaptive Modulation & Coding) MUPA/AMC (MUPA: Multi-User Power Allocation) Non-orthogonal assisted by power control Orthogonal between users Superposition & interference cancellation f • f f Why NOMA? – Multiple access using interference cancellation itself is very old technology (for uplink in particular) – Evolution of device processing capabilities for interference cancellation • Moore’s law: 100x processing power after 10 years • In OFDMA.. All rights reserved. Copyright 2013. but path loss still needs to be further exploited NOMA utilizes path loss difference for efficient user multiplexing 9 NTT DOCOMO. .Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) • More efficient multiple access scheme – Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) W-CDMA Radio resource allocation Non-orthogonal (CDMA) LTE Orthogonal (OFDMA) ※More details on NOMA concept and initial results are presented in this WS.

Copyright 2013. All rights reserved. 10 ..FRA real-time simulator  The potential perfomance gains of applying key FRA technologies are demonstrated using FRA real-time simulator. INC.  Demo Scenario  Spectrum extension x NW densification • Efficient exploitation of higher frequency bands using small cells  Key technology for small cells • Massive MIMO  Key technology for macro cells • Non-orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) NTT DOCOMO.

11 . INC. Copyright 2013. 100 MHz BW@3.FRA real-time simulator Macro Cell Only  Macro + 12 small Cells. All rights reserved..5 GHz NTT DOCOMO.

INC. All rights reserved. Copyright 2013.FRA real-time simulator 100 MHz BW@3.5 GHz  200 MHz BW@5 GHz  400 MHz BW@10 GHz NTT DOCOMO.. 12 .

INC. 13 . Copyright 2013.FRA real-time simulator 400 MHz BW@10 GHz  600 MHz BW@20 GHz  With Massive MIMO NTT DOCOMO.. All rights reserved.

14 .e... All rights reserved. Phantom cell.Summary • We presented our views on requirements and potential key techologies for Future Radio Access (FRA): – Macro-assisted small cell. i. INC. Copyright 2013. and Massive MIMO are promising approaches for higher/wider frequency bands towards the long-term future – Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) is a promising technology for future cellular enhancements FRA technical concept Future cellular enhancements New RAT for higher frequencies NTT DOCOMO.

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