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MODULE C (INDEPENDENT WORK) – collocations and fixed expressions DIRECTIONS

Using the online dictionaries suggested by your teacher, look up the 100 key nouns in the first table column and add your notes / examples in the second table column. Highlight common collocations and expressions. Many of these will be tested in your final exam (see your course programme for details).

• • • • • • • • • Start working early in the semester. Leaving a large amount of work for the last few days before the final exam could seriously reduce your chances of success in getting a high mark. Attend as many seminars as possible – you will see how such language items will be used in the actual final exam (question formats, exam strategies etc.) and also how they are used in real-life situations. Ask your teacher whenever you encounter problems. You can do so in person or by email. Your teacher is there to guide and advise you towards your best performance! Use the online dictionaries mentioned in this order of importance: LONGMAN > OXFORD > MACMILLAN > CAMBRIDGE – your teacher will be using these dictionaries in the same order of importance when constructing your test questions. You can use only one dictionary if you want (e.g. LONGMAN, the most recommended one), but remember that by using the other dictionaries as well, you will be able to find one and the same expression in many more contexts, which will greatly contribute to your better understanding and acquisition of these expressions. Remember that it’s not enough to know what a word means – this is useless if you don’t know how to use it in real-life contexts, that is, in combination with other words. So, ALWAYS focus on word combinations and NEVER on single words! This is the only way to fluency up to a high level of language competence! Remember that learning a language is like learning computer skills – the more you practise, the better you get (i.e. by trial and error). This can NEVER happen overnight! Work systematically and constantly! Doing a lot of work during one week and none or very little during another week will not help! Do a small amount of work constantly, based on a plan / schedule. Always come back to previous work done, from time to time! This kind of revision will enable you to start recognizing (and using) what you’ve already studied.

Working with this task sheet will also help you if you take any of the following exams: • LINGUA • BEC HIGHER • CPE 1

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KEY NOUN acknowledgement acquaintance action alternative appointment area asset assignment attitude base basis caution command concern conference confidence consequence contract contribution conversation currency custom customer debate decrease difference difficulty disfavour disposal doubt ease economy



efficiency employment example exchange expression factor favour function gain gesture grasp habit hazard idea increase information inquiry intention introduction leadership loss manner meaning meeting message misunderstanding morale negotiation note notice object objective occasion onset opportunity 4

opinion outset possibility preference presentation principle problem process product public quality quantity rapport regulation relation relationship report request requirement resolution responsibility review safety satisfaction scheme security shape solution speech strategy token unemployment word