You are on page 1of 6

Plumeria rubra (Common Name Temple Tree

Characteristics: Plumeria rubra is a deciduous plant species belonging to the genus Plumeria. Originally native to Mexico, Central America, Colombia and Venezuela, it has been widely cultivated in subtropical and tropical climates worldwide and is a popular garden and park plant, as well as being used in temples and cemeteries. It grows as a spreading tree to 7–8 m (20–25 ft) high and wide, and is flushed with fragrant flowers of shades of pink, white and yellow over the summer and autumn. It has a thick succulent trunk and sausage-like blunt branches covered with a thin grey bark. The branches are somewhat brittle and when broken, ooze a white latex that can be irritating to the skin and mucous membranes. The large green leaves can reach 30 to 50 cm (12–20 in) long and are arranged alternately and clustered at the end of the branches. They are deciduous, falling in the cooler months of the year. Uses: In Cambodia, as with other Plumeria species, P. rubra flowers is used to necklaces as offerings to deities or as decoration for coffins. The leaves of this species are used in the care of sores and made into soothing infusions. Widely available in nurseries, frangipanis are readily propagated by cuttings of branches taken in cooler months and left to dry for a week or more. As well as gardens and street- and park planting, frangipanis are planted in temples and cemeteries.

window boxes and hanging baskets. either as seeds or young plants. Houseplant. are widely available commercially.Impatiens walleriana (Common Name Busy Lizzie) Characteristics: It is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant growing to 15–60 cm tall. The flowers are profusely borne. typically grown in containers but also in bedding schemes. with broad lanceolate leaves 3–12 cm long and 2– 5 cm broad. with five petals and a 1 cm spur. The upperside of the leaves are glossy. petioles are 1–3 cm. . while the underside is greyish. The seedpod explodes when ripe in the same manner as other Impatiens species. an evolutionary adaptation for seed dispersal. The bark is greyish. Edging along walks or paths. Also used in gardening as : Mass in shady beds. borders and woodland gardens. Leaves are mostly alternate. branchlets are copiously lenticellate. Leaves occur in whorls of 3-10. Ground cover. Uses: It is commonly cultivated in parks and gardens. 2–5 cm diameter. Alstonia scholaris (Common Name Indian Devil Tree or Saptaparni) Characteristics: Alstonia scholaris is a small tree that grows up to 40 m tall and is glabrous. Containers. Numerous cultivars in a range of colours from white to purple. although they may be opposite near the top of the plant.

It is also used along driveways and pathways as demarcation. The active compounds include alkaloids. with ciliated margins. The morphology of the flowers varies depending on their position in the capitulum. Uses: Alstonia or devil tree or Saptaparni is genus of evergreen trees or shrubs with white funnel-shaped flowers and milky sap. which has the appearance of a single flower. The bark is almost odourless and very bitter. with abundant bitter and milky sap. In landscape it is used as a shade plant and also as accents. The flower heads can be as small as 7 cm (Gerbera mini 'Harley') in diameter or up to 12 cm (Gerbera ‘Golden Serena’). orange. These are present in all parts of the plant. Seeds of A. Gerebera jamesoni (Common Name Gerebera Daisy) Characteristics: Gerbera species bear a large capitulum with striking. two-lipped ray florets in yellow. is actually composed of hundreds of individual flowers. . There will be more than ten leaves in a plant. In India the bark of Alstonia scholaris is used solely for medicinal purposes. The Gerbera daisy is perennial and reproduces asexually. and ends with tufts of hairs 1.Flowers bloom in the month October. Extracts prepared from the plant has been reported to possess cytotoxic activity. The capitulum. Gerbera are plants with a height up to 18 to 24 inch. white.5–2 cm. ranging from Malaria and epilepsy to skin conditions and asthma. pink or red colours. scholaris are oblong. The flowers are very fragrant similar to the flower of Cestrum nocturnum. medium green in colour spread out in a circle parallel to the ground. flavonoids etc.

Gerbera is also important commercially. milii is a variable species. It is also used as a model organism in studying flower formation. slender spines up to 3 cm long. Euphorbia milii seem to be indifferent to humidity levels but extremely dry conditions are best avoided if possible. The centre of the flower is sometimes black. . Euphorbia milii (Common Name Christ plant) Characteristics: It is a succulent climbing shrub growing to 1. The leaves are found mainly on new growth. subtended by a pair of conspicuous petal-like bracts. up to 3. variably red. It is the fifth most used cut flower in the world (after rose. with densely spiny stems.5 cm broad. and pink. pink or white. and are obovate. red. The flowers are small. and several varieties have been described. Wat Phrik in Thailand claims to be the home of the world's tallest Christ plant. Often the same flower can have petals of several different colours. which help it scramble over other plants. Colours include white. The sap is moderately poisonous. chrysanthemum. up to 12 mm broad. orange. some of these are treated as distinct species by some authors.5 cm long and 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in) tall. the straight. and tulip). yellow. Uses: Euphorbia milii are amongst the toughest plants in cultivation and can take extreme conditions and still look good. carnation. E.Uses: Gerbera is very popular and widely used as a decorative garden plant or as cut flowers. On the whole.

On the whole. formaldehyde. The Peace Lily is not a true lily from the Liliaceae family. Spathiphyllum cochlearispathum (Common Name Peace Lily) Characteristics: They are evergreen herbaceous perennial plants with large leaves 12–65 cm long and 3–25 cm broad. with the upper spathe smaller) Leaves are basal. The flowers are produced in a spadix. including benzene. It is a herbaceous perennial which produces flowers in the typical aroid structure: a densely crowded inflorescence called a spadix is subtended by one large bract called a spathe (occasionally two spathes are produced. Spathiphyllum cleans indoor air of many environmental contaminants. white. ovate and acuminate. surrounded by a 10–30 cm long. The petioles are long and the leaves arch gracefully. and nausea. It cleans best at one plant per 10 m3. glossy and somewhat deeply veined. . The plant produces offsets at the base and in time becomes a dense clump. The Peace Lily contains calcium oxalate crystals which can cause skin irritation. Spathiphyllum is mildly toxic to humans and animals when ingested. Euphorbia is mainly used as a garden plant and is planted in pots and as decorative plants. Euphorbia milii seem to be indifferent to humidity levels but extremely dry conditions are best avoided if possible. Uses: Several species are popular indoor houseplants. as well as onions and garlic. difficulty swallowing. and other pollutants. or greenish spathe. yellowish. True lilies. burning sensation in the mouth. The plant does not need large amounts of light or water to survive. are much more toxic to cats and dogs.

Cotinus coggygria (Common Name smoke tree) Characteristics: It is a multiple-branching shrub growing to 5–7 m (16–23 ft) tall with an open. irregular habit. .9–12 in) long. with several cultivars available. The species and its cultivars 'Royal Purple' and 'Flame' have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. hence the common name) which surround the small (23 mm) drupaceous fruit that do develop. Most of the flowers in each inflorescence abort. each flower 5-10 mm diameter. produced in large inflorescences 15–30 cm (5. spreading.In landscape it is used as a border plant along pathways and walkways. Many of these have been selected for purple foliage and flowers. The flowers are numerous. green with a waxy glaucous sheen. elongating into yellowish-pink to pinkish-purple feathery plumes (when viewed en masse these have a wispy 'smoke-like' appearance. The autumn colour can be strikingly varied. Uses: It is commonly grown as an ornamental plant. with five pale yellow petals. The wood was formerly used to make the yellow dye called young fustic. only rarely forming a small tree. from peach and yellow to scarlet. The leaves are 3-8 cm long rounded ovals. It is also planted along pools of water and other water bodies.