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BASIC CONCEPTS IN CHEMISTRY

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1. Give one property of matter waves and also give the expression of Wavelength for it. 2. State Hund’s rule of Maximum multiplicity . Give one example. 3. Given below is the Schrondinger wave equation. ψ = Eψ (1) Which symbol represent Hamiltonian operator in the above equation? (2) Which symbol represent wave function? 4. What are isobars? Give one example. 5. Calculate the energy of a mole of photons of radiations whose Frequency is 5 x 1014 Hz? ( h=6.626x10-34 Js ) 6. Two particles A and B are in motion. If the wavelength associated with Particle A is 5x10-8m . Calculate the wavelength associated with particle B if its momentum is half of A. 7. Define photoelectric effect. What is work function?

(1)

(1) (1)

(1) (2)

(2)

(2)

8. The threshold frequency v for a metal is 7.0x1014 5-1 . Calculate the kinetic (2) Energy of an electron emitted when radiation of frequency v = 1.0x1015 s-1 Hits the metal ? 9. State any 4 limitations of bohr’s model of atom ? 10. State Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. If an electron is moving with a velocity 600 m s-1 which is accurate upto (2) (3)

0. l and m values for the orbitals.005%. then calculate the uncertainty in its position.1 x 10-31 kg) 11. (a) 2d (b) 3p (c) 4s (3) (5) Write electronic configuration of: (d) Cu2+ (Z = 29) (e) Cr (Z = 24) . (Mass of electron =9. Write n. Differentiate between orbit and orbital. 12.

For example: 40 Ar18 . they cannot pass Through vacuum.e they are not emitted by the particle.Mass of the particle v. (2)They do not leave the moving particle.e. Atoms of different elements having same atomic number but have different Mass numbers are called isobars. (3)They are not associated with electric and magnetic fields.plank’s constant m.d and f orbital’s cannot occur until each orbital of a given Subshell contains one electron each or is singly occupied. (1) Ĥ. (1) Matter waves require medium for their propagation. Example: element nitrogen has electronic configuration – 1s2 2s2 2p3 So it can be written ↑↓ 1s ↑↓ 2s ↑ ↑ ↑ 2px 2py 2pz Ans 3.ANSWER KEY (Question paper) Ans1.Hamiltonian operator (2) ψ – wave function Ans 4. 40 K19 .Velocity of the particle Is the momentum of the particle Ans 2. (Any one of the above) Wavelength is given by Where h. i. 40 Ca20 . i. Electron pairing in p.

0 x 1014 s-1 ) .313 x10-34Js) x (6.E of photoelectrons emitted (1/2 mv2) = h (v – v ) = ( 6. Ans8.Ans 5.0 x 1015 s-1 – 7. The electrons emitted are called photoelectrons.951 KJ mol-1 Ans6.313 x 10-19 J Therefore energy of one mole of photons = (3.626 x 10-34 Js ) ( 5 x 1014 s-1) = 3.022 x1023mol-1) = 19951 J mol-1 = 19.626 x 10-34 J s ) (1. By De brogile equation ʎA = h/pA ʎA/ʎB = pB/pA pB = ½ pA (Given) and ʎB = h/pB ʎA/ʎB = ½ pA/pA =1/2 or ʎB = 2 x ʎA = 2 x 5 x 10-8 m = 10 x 10-8 = 10-7 m Ans7. When radiations with a certain minimum frequency ( v ) strike the surface of a Metal. the electrons are ejected from the surface of the metal .This phenomenon Is called photoelectric effect. Energy of one photon E = hv = ( 6. K. The minimum energy required to eject the electrons ( hv ) is called Work unction ( ).

therefore = 6.93 x 10-3 m. ( . . (4) Inability to explain the shapes of molecules.988 x 10-19 J Ans9.e. (2) Inability to explain splitting of lines in the magnetic field (Zeeman effect) and In the electric field (Stark effect).005/100 x 600 m s-1 = 0. (5) Inability to explain De brogile concept of dual nature of matter and Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle.14 x 9.88 x 10-20 J or = 1. (1) Inability to explain line spectra of multielectron atoms.03 m s-1 = 3 x 10-2 m s-1 Now.1 x 10-31 Kg x 3 x 10-2 m s-1 = 1.= ( 6. (Any four of the above) Ans10. (3) Inability to explain the three dimensional model of atom. Velocity of an electron = 600 m s-1 Uncertainty in velocity = 0.63 x 10-34 Kg m2 s-1/ 4 x 3. It is impossible to measure simultaneously the position and momentum of a Small particle with absolute accuracy or certainty i.626 x 10-34 J s ) ( 3 x 1014 s-1 ) = 19.

n=3. m=0 . (6) The maximum number of electrons present in any orbital is two. m= -2. Ans12.s-orbital’s are spherical and symmetrical. m= -1.e. (5) Orbits do not have any directional characteristics. (2) It represents the three dimensional motion of an electron around the nucleus. l=2. (3) The concept of an orbital is in accordance with the wave character of electrons and uncertainty principle. 2 (b) 3p.etc. (3) The concept of orbit is not in accordance with the wave character of electrons and uncertainty principle. (6) The maximum number of electrons in any orbit is given by 2n where n is the number of the orbit. (a) 2d. 2 (5) All orbital’s except s-orbital’s have directional characteristics. Orbital (1) An orbital is the three dimensional space around the nucleus within which the probability of finding an electron is maximum (upto 90%).n=2. (4) All orbits are circular and disk like. 1 (c) 4s. i. . 0.n=4. 1. 0. (4) Different orbital’s have different shapes. l=0.Ans11. (2) It represents the planar motion of an electron around the nucleus. l=1.-1. Orbit and Orbital Orbit (1) An orbit is a well defined circular path around the nucleus in which the electrons revolve.

(d) Cu2+ = 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d9 (e) Cr = 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d5 4s1 .

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