MAHARAJA AGRASEN MODEL SCHOOL Subject: Chemistry Time: 1 hour Maximum marks: 25

1. Give one property of matter waves and also give the expression of Wavelength for it. 2. State Hund’s rule of Maximum multiplicity . Give one example. 3. Given below is the Schrondinger wave equation. ψ = Eψ (1) Which symbol represent Hamiltonian operator in the above equation? (2) Which symbol represent wave function? 4. What are isobars? Give one example. 5. Calculate the energy of a mole of photons of radiations whose Frequency is 5 x 1014 Hz? ( h=6.626x10-34 Js ) 6. Two particles A and B are in motion. If the wavelength associated with Particle A is 5x10-8m . Calculate the wavelength associated with particle B if its momentum is half of A. 7. Define photoelectric effect. What is work function?


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8. The threshold frequency v for a metal is 7.0x1014 5-1 . Calculate the kinetic (2) Energy of an electron emitted when radiation of frequency v = 1.0x1015 s-1 Hits the metal ? 9. State any 4 limitations of bohr’s model of atom ? 10. State Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. If an electron is moving with a velocity 600 m s-1 which is accurate upto (2) (3)

(a) 2d (b) 3p (c) 4s (3) (5) Write electronic configuration of: (d) Cu2+ (Z = 29) (e) Cr (Z = 24) .0.005%.1 x 10-31 kg) 11. Write n. l and m values for the orbitals. 12. (Mass of electron =9. Differentiate between orbit and orbital. then calculate the uncertainty in its position.

(1) Ĥ. i. For example: 40 Ar18 .ANSWER KEY (Question paper) Ans1. Electron pairing in p.e they are not emitted by the particle. (3)They are not associated with electric and magnetic fields. 40 K19 . (Any one of the above) Wavelength is given by Where h.Hamiltonian operator (2) ψ – wave function Ans 4. they cannot pass Through vacuum.e. Atoms of different elements having same atomic number but have different Mass numbers are called isobars.d and f orbital’s cannot occur until each orbital of a given Subshell contains one electron each or is singly occupied. 40 Ca20 . (1) Matter waves require medium for their propagation. (2)They do not leave the moving particle.Velocity of the particle Is the momentum of the particle Ans 2. i. Example: element nitrogen has electronic configuration – 1s2 2s2 2p3 So it can be written ↑↓ 1s ↑↓ 2s ↑ ↑ ↑ 2px 2py 2pz Ans 3.plank’s constant m.Mass of the particle v.

313 x10-34Js) x (6. The electrons emitted are called photoelectrons. The minimum energy required to eject the electrons ( hv ) is called Work unction ( ). Energy of one photon E = hv = ( 6.313 x 10-19 J Therefore energy of one mole of photons = (3. Ans8. When radiations with a certain minimum frequency ( v ) strike the surface of a Metal.E of photoelectrons emitted (1/2 mv2) = h (v – v ) = ( 6.022 x1023mol-1) = 19951 J mol-1 = 19.This phenomenon Is called photoelectric effect.Ans 5. K.951 KJ mol-1 Ans6.626 x 10-34 Js ) ( 5 x 1014 s-1) = 3.0 x 1014 s-1 ) . the electrons are ejected from the surface of the metal .0 x 1015 s-1 – 7. By De brogile equation ʎA = h/pA ʎA/ʎB = pB/pA pB = ½ pA (Given) and ʎB = h/pB ʎA/ʎB = ½ pA/pA =1/2 or ʎB = 2 x ʎA = 2 x 5 x 10-8 m = 10 x 10-8 = 10-7 m Ans7.626 x 10-34 J s ) (1.

e. therefore = 6. It is impossible to measure simultaneously the position and momentum of a Small particle with absolute accuracy or certainty i. (3) Inability to explain the three dimensional model of atom.03 m s-1 = 3 x 10-2 m s-1 Now.626 x 10-34 J s ) ( 3 x 1014 s-1 ) = 19.88 x 10-20 J or = 1.988 x 10-19 J Ans9. (4) Inability to explain the shapes of molecules. (Any four of the above) Ans10. (5) Inability to explain De brogile concept of dual nature of matter and Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle.005/100 x 600 m s-1 = 0.63 x 10-34 Kg m2 s-1/ 4 x 3.= ( 6. (2) Inability to explain splitting of lines in the magnetic field (Zeeman effect) and In the electric field (Stark effect).14 x 9. (1) Inability to explain line spectra of multielectron atoms. . ( .1 x 10-31 Kg x 3 x 10-2 m s-1 = 1. Velocity of an electron = 600 m s-1 Uncertainty in velocity = 0.93 x 10-3 m.

(2) It represents the three dimensional motion of an electron around the nucleus.n=4. . (3) The concept of orbit is not in accordance with the wave character of electrons and uncertainty principle.Ans11. (6) The maximum number of electrons in any orbit is given by 2n where n is the number of the orbit.e. Orbital (1) An orbital is the three dimensional space around the nucleus within which the probability of finding an electron is maximum (upto 90%). Orbit and Orbital Orbit (1) An orbit is a well defined circular path around the nucleus in which the electrons revolve. l=2. l=1. 2 (5) All orbital’s except s-orbital’s have directional characteristics.etc. (3) The concept of an orbital is in accordance with the wave character of electrons and uncertainty principle. (2) It represents the planar motion of an electron around the nucleus. 0. (a) 2d. m= -1. 0. 1. (6) The maximum number of electrons present in any orbital is two.-1. m=0 . (5) Orbits do not have any directional characteristics. Ans12. 1 (c) 4s. 2 (b) 3p.n=2. (4) Different orbital’s have different shapes. (4) All orbits are circular and disk like.s-orbital’s are spherical and symmetrical. i. m= -2. l=0.n=3.

(d) Cu2+ = 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d9 (e) Cr = 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d5 4s1 .

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