Using Board Effectively

The reason I chose the subject "using board effectively" is because: Since the blackboard is invented it is not only inseparable part of the class or the school, but its using has a major role in the development of our knowledge and it is an important part of our school life period.

What is the blackboard? The blackboard is one of the main tools used by almost all instructors. Since the blackboard is invented it has not lost from its essence. The blackboard, as the most important tool of education and science, is produced in many parts of the world. The blackboards mainly are used at schools, in the classrooms and universities. But, with increasing the level of education in our country, today blackboard is used in many places, including homes and businesses. Using such tools effectively helps in enhancing the students’ understanding and focusing their attention. Many instructors believe that they are using the board effectively, however, from the students’ perspective this may not be true. Evolution Chalkboards can now be made with any impermeable surface---like plastic or wood---that will adhere to a coat of paint. The highest quality chalkboards are made with a sheet of steel, coated with porcelain enamel. Newer chalkboards are most commonly green, because green is considered easier on the eyes than black. Some paint manufacturers now make paints specifically for turning surfaces into chalkboards. Uses Today Chalkboards have largely been replaced in modern classrooms by dry erase boards and electronic audio-visual aids. However, chalkboards remain in some elementary school settings for the children to use, because many educators believe that chalk is an easier medium for small children to work with than pencil and paper. Chalkboards are also still commonly used in restaurants and other places where daily announcements---like menu specials or upcoming events--can be displayed and changed.

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So who deserves credit for the invention of the blackboard? James Pillans. however not every school was able to afford one. the blackboard had a lasting impact on the way instructors taught. Headmaster of the Old High School in Edinburgh. 2012 In a world of laptops. Not only did blackboards become very popular very quickly. He was the first American Instructor to use a blackboard. and even environmentally-friendly. we have many more options. In the 1960s. But in 1801. By the mid-1800s blackboards were in nearly every classroom in the U. This is when the green “blackboard” emerged. lighter. which allow your room or office to remain cleaner.com/2012/01/history-of-the-blackboard/ by Team Clarus on January 25. teachers had no way of visually presenting spelling. as technology continues to change and advance. grammar and mathematics to their students as a whole. This was also around the time the boards became known as chalkboards since they were now either green or black. they required fewer writing materials for schools and students who could not always afford paper and pencils. including the new clear dry erase board. but still offered no community of thoughts. This helped cut down on the cost and need of the sometimes unavailable paper and pencil supplies. Classes were taught directly from books and individual instruction making it difficult to overview and discuss important and sometimes overlooked events. manufacturers got creative with the blackboards. These slates were usually just a wood board painted over with black grit. Before the invention of the blackboard. an instructor at West Point Military Academy incorporated a large black chalk board into his math presentation. Once the blackboard was invented Corkboards came later in 1891. students did have access to individual slates. which they could write their assignments and answers on. Some of the more high-end slates were porcelain. The glassboard has revamped the idea of blackboards and whiteboards and creates a modern and edgy look for the 21st century teacher. Scotland has been credited with the invention.. He first used the boards to teach his geography lessons to his students. Now.clarusglassboards.S. Finally in 1801. How to use board effectively The chalkboard is the most common teaching aid used by the teacher for writing . It wasn’t long before the blackboard became one of the popular and widely used teaching materials across the U. George Baron. Prior to the ingenious invention. creating a steel board coated in porcelain.S.History of the Blackboard http://www. tablets and smartphones it’s difficult to see how an invention like the blackboard had such a huge effect on education.

1. 3.org.uk/articles/using-board Whatever type of board you have in your classroom it is important to be organised and to put yourself in your students' shoes for a moment. For proper writing on chalk board the chalk stick is broken into two pieces and the broken end of the piece be used to start writing. Board basics . 12. 9. 11. alteration etc. To emphasize some points or parts of a sketch or a diagram coloured chalks be used. Write in a clear and legible handwriting the important points on the chalk board but avoid overcrowding of information on the chalk board. For this the teacher should frequently inspect his own chalk board writing from the view point of the back-bench on a corner seat. Using the board Submitted by TE Editor on 17 March. Rub off the information already discussed in the class and noted down by the students. solving problems etc. 2010 . 5.important points. Students may be allowed to express their ideas on chalk board. What do they see when they look at your board? In this article we will consider ways of getting the best use out of your board and perhaps give suggestions for exploiting your board in a different way. 2. The teacher should keep the following points in mind to use the chalkboard effectively. 10.15:12 http://www. 6. Make use of a pointer for drawing attention to the written material on the chalk board. drawing illustrations. The letters should not be less than one inch in height.teachingenglish. 4. The recommended height of letters on a chalk board is between 6 cm to 8 cm. For maintenance of proper discipline in the class the teacher should always keep an eye on his class while writing on the black board. 8. While writing on a chalk board keeps your fingers and wrist stiff and move your arm freely. Draw a difficult illustration before hand to save the class time. Sometimes teacher may intentionally draw some incorrect diagram and ask the students to make necessary correction. There should be proper arrangement of light in the class room so that the chalk board remains glare free. 7. or to make alterations or corrections. Stand on one side of the chalk board while explaining some points to the students. The size of the words written on black board should be such that they can be seen even by the back-benchers.

especially if we intend students to copy it down in their notebooks to learn. Use another part for important information which can stay there for the whole lesson. Ask them to make a personalised example or start the warm-up for the next exercise orally. Have one part for use during the lesson which can be cleaned off and re-used. Especially with classes of Young Learners you need to develop the ability to write on the board with eyes in the back of your head. For example. uninterrupted view of the board. Tick items off as they are achieved during the class. At the end you can review the lesson aims for students to evaluate what they have learnt. you could write up a list of the basic aims/activities for the lesson so that your students know what is coming. In some languages letters may look slightly different or handwriting styles may be different. Many students have visual memories so we must be careful about accuracy of spelling and grammar. Organising your board If your board is messy and untidy then what your students write in their notebooks will be messy too. Check what you write as you write. Good teachers have the ability to write on the board while still keeping a sharp eye on their students! Write clearly on the board and make sure that you have written words/text big enough for everyone to see from the back of the class. Check with your students that they are ready for you to clean the board. Point out the differences to your students and make sure they can read clearly what you have written. Be careful that you don't block learners sitting at the sides of the room. Don't turn your back on the class for too long.Organising your board What we can do with the board Displaying Playing games Using visuals Final tips Board basics Your students should have a clear. Practise writing in straight lines across the board. particularly if you have students who are not used to Roman script. If you are waiting for some students to finish copying or doing an exercise don't leave the others twiddling their thumbs. It is a good idea to divide your board into sections. . When you write something on the board move away quickly so that students can see what you have written. With chalk and blackboard make sure that you wash the board often so that the writing stays clear. With a whiteboard make sure that the pen you are using is in a colour that everyone can read .black or blue are best.

e. particularly if they are not large enough for the whole class to see at the front.g. You can write up messages. structures. With more advanced classes you can provide a record of a class discussion.For older learners you could write up other important information . for exam tasks. What we can do with the board We can use the board in many ways in the classroom. Magazine pictures can be used for a variety of oral activities. adverts.key grammar points or vocabulary needed for the lesson. or give help with planning for writing e. Try to encourage students to come out to the board to choose. how a word is used. Remember they probably won't be able to reach the top half of the board. reinforcing oral instructions. Coloured chalks or pens are very useful for writing up dialogue parts. maps. Ask your students to move around and look at the materials. just writing up the page number and the exercise on the board in a large class saves a lot of repetition! When doing group work or project work use the board to organise your class . short texts or items for correction from oral activities. Use your board to provide records of new words. order or describe pictures.g. select. Remember that you don't have to stick to the board. exercises. Flashcards can be used for many games apart from simple matching activities. Use large pictures for class oral work but have students come out to the board to point to or talk about various items. Playing games . Displaying You can use the large surface of your board to display all sorts of items . as well as learners' own work. You can use your board for giving instructions. You could display items around the room. Or brainstorm new vocabulary with the class in a spidergram. photos. not just for writing up new vocabulary. You can display other items such as authentic materials . With Very Young Learners it is better to write this kind of information at the top of the board. All of these will make your classroom more interactive and avoid too much teacher talking time. For example. or test dates etc. Leave the lower part empty for you and the students to write on.write up a list of who is doing what in each group. pictures and flashcards.posters.

settle a noisy class for example by giving a quick copying exercise or word game. a plan of a house/school/new building etc. Word games are an excellent way of settling classes and revising vocabulary. Remember the more organised you are on your board. Write a child's name up on the board if they are talking too much instead of just telling them off. Final tips Try to make your board as interactive as possible. Ask students to come out to draw. With younger learners spelling races are very popular. Practise story-telling with basic pictures on the board. write. You can create picture stories with your students and use these for further oral or written work. Teachers need a repertoire of board games as warmers.. In fact. the more fun! Try to master basic stick men and faces with expressions. and noughts and crosses (answering questions for O or X) you can play many others. fillers or lesson-ending activities which require no preparation. present or even work.this is a fun activity at whatever level. You can use board activities as an aid to discipline . the more organised your students will be too. Drawing pictures is an essential skill for explaining texts and stories to our students. Remember you can ask your students out to the board to draw too . Other visuals which are useful to draw are large-scale pictures such as maps. You could allow one group to work at the board when doing a group task. a plan of a town. Use it as a memory store for things to do or keep you on track with a lesson. Use your board as support for your voice .to give instructions. ‘Pictogram' can be played with all levels (Draw a picture and guess the word). Your board is an organisational tool too. especially if your students are young learners. the worse the drawings are . Use anagrams or jumbled sentences or for Very Young Learners words with missing vowels. Using visuals You don't have to be a genius at drawing to use pictures and drawings with your students.We can play many different games using just the board. examples and feedback. Apart from the traditional games of hangman. . These could be used with stick on cut outs to provide a wealth of language practice.

Writing 5. What it needs is "big. However. where to end. Division and decoration a) keeping it as it is b) dividing it into two parts c) dividing it into three parts 3. is supposed to be clear enough. So everything. where to put. Erasure 7. This is why teachers sometimes need to divide the board into parts. Suggestion 8. Introduction 2. ________________________________________________________________ ____________________ Example : . it is theoretically not necessary to divide the board maybe lesson does not need that. Classroom interaction 6. Introduction How can teachers use the board to help their students in learning process? Generally. Preparation and morality 4. Checlist 1. etc". as long as you keep your writing clear and tidy and you know where to start. the divisions vary according to kinds of lessons as the following: a) keeping it as it is Sometimes. methodologist view board as a very effective study tool as it plays important roles in helping students achieve their learning. Division and decoration Board is sad to be used as an effective facilitator in the classroom for putting the language items on. 2. clear writing. what to do.Content 1. straight lines.

..09. Then so that you can arrange things neatly on the board by starting from the left or the right. you may begin to write something in a good order as they appear in the lesson........ I am a She is a girl... you erase thing side by side or from part.. a table. .........04...g.. Example: _______________________________________________________ ____ 04.. To keep students clear what you are writing.. It .03.. He They ....2012 Unit 1 Verb To Be I __________________ am To Be e..2013 Elementary Student's Book Element Unit 9 Food You Like Grammar Count and uncount nouns Book: Headway Page: 66 apple juice apples tea biscuits pizza tomatoes cheese fish chocolate pasta ________________________________________________________________ ___________________ b) dividing it into two parts Sometimes you need to divide your board into two parts as needed.

........... and erased consequently......................... ...................................... etc............09....................... ... It goes like this.students She _________________ is It ............. Example: ________________________________________________________________ _________________________ New words 24............................................... ............... on the board there are three columns ................... the bigger one is used for the main title or the steps of the lesson.........two small on the side and a big one in the middle.. We You _________________ are They ________________________________________________________________ __________ c) dividing it into three parts If your objectives very. We may use the left hand-side one to store new words and not erased until the end of lesson........ drawing etc................... .......................... So.......2012 Unexpected words Present Simple Positive e........ you can still divide your board into three parts and put things in a good order and right places.......g................. and the right-hand side to put some unexpected words asked by students.... ..

assign students an activity to do at their desks so that they have something more to do than simply watch and do nothing. you will naturally increase your voice. you will not want to turn your back to them for long period of time. teachers may have to prepare things in or on time. Respectively and/or carefully. Stand with your body at a right ankle to the board as much as possible. If you are speaking to your class while you are writing or drawing. 4. If you need to concentrate on what you are doing at the board. 5. Erasure When you complete a board activity and start a new one. Classroom interaction No matter how attentive your students are. you can also keep your mistakes from being seen. if your class is shared by another tacher. Writing The letters should be big and clear enough for the back sitters to see. 6. erase the . Preparation and morality To use the board more effectively and advantageously. then they can come to the class earlier and prepare things they want to teach before students come so that they do not waste the students' time. Being like this. you keep the board clean before you leave the class. That is._____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 3. if teachers have something which will take long time to put on the board.

In order to achieve this. To involve the class even more. what is the next word?. Don't use colors which don't show up well on the board. Stand in away that do not hide the board haft facing the board and haft facing the class. How do you spell that?) Board drawing should be as simple as possible.entire board. not just enough for your immediate. Suggestion Using a board well is skill which can be developed and all teacher should consider whether their board work can be improved. Checlist You can eveluate yourselves by reflecting on your work on the board. Teacher say aloud what they are writing. showing only the important details. Board leftovers can be very confusing to students. It also helps teachers to talk as they draw. you can ask yourselves such questions as the following: 1. If you ask the students to copy something you have written . so as to keep the interest of the class. phrase by phrase. with the arm fully extended. Can you write reasonably quickly on the board? . they could sometimes as studens to suggest what to write (e. Is your board work well organized? (or Is your board a mess by the end of your lesson?) 2.g. 8. Tal as you are writing. Here are a few suggestions on how to make your use of the board as effective as possible. 7. needs. It is important to draw quickly. stand or sit well away from the board wait quickly for them to do so. Write clearly and in large enough letters for everyone to see from all parts of the class. It is not necessary to be a good artist to draw succesfully on the board-stick figures is commonly used. Write in straight lines. Don't jot words or phrases down at random all over the board Generally avoid speaking at length while you are writing on the board with your back to the class. Is your writing readable? 3.

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