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Underground Ring Design in Surpac 6.

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July 2007

www.gemcomsoftware.com

Copyright © 2007 Gemcom Software International Inc. (Gemcom).

This software and documentation is proprietary to Gemcom and, except where expressly provided otherwise, does not form part of any contract. Changes may be made in products or services at any time without notice.

Gemcom publishes this documentation for the sole use of Gemcom licensees. Without written permission you may not sell, reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit any part of the documentation. For such permission, or to obtain extra copies please contact your local Gemcom office or visit www.gemcomsoftware.com.

While every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this manual, we assume no responsibility for errors or omissions. Neither is any liability assumed for damage resulting from the use of the information contained herein.

Gemcom Software International Inc. Gemcom, the Gemcom logo, combinations thereof, and Whittle, Surpac, GEMS, Minex, Gemcom InSite and PCBC are trademarks of Gemcom Software International Inc. or its wholly-owned subsidiaries.

Contributors Rowdy Bristol Phil Jackson Kiran Kumar Product Gemcom Surpac 6.0

Table of Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................... 4 Workflow .................................................................................................................... 5 Ring Design Concepts .............................................................................................. 6 Setting the Work Directory ....................................................................................... 7 Creating a Centreline ................................................................................................ 8 Slicing Objects ........................................................................................................ 13 Setup ........................................................................................................................ 19 Moving the Mast ...................................................................................................... 26 Creating and Reporting Holes ............................................................................... 32 Plotting ..................................................................................................................... 44

Introduction
Ring design is the term given to drilling a fan of holes from an underground drive for the purposes of blasting ore. Although there are numerous requirements for each design, Surpac can assist you to create and report practically any type of underground ring design.

Requirements
Prior to proceeding with this tutorial, you will need: • • • Surpac 6.0 installed. The data set accompanying this tutorial. A basic knowledge of Surpac string files and editing tools as covered in the Introduction to Surpac manual.

Objectives
The objective of this tutorial is to allow you to understand the process of creating, editing, saving, reporting and plotting underground ring designs.

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although there are many variations in the design of any one ring. or “fan” of holes.Workflow The process of performing underground ring design with Surpac in this tutorial is typical. Page 5 of 49 .

Terminology • • Centreline – a single string segment used in the function Centre line slice to create slices from solid models. you will need only a 3D model of the drives and the centreline string. you will need three things to perform ring design: • • • 3D solid models of surveyed underground drives 3D solid models of designed stopes A string segment to be used as a centreline for slicing solid objects For stopeless design. • • • Section Coordinates – a concept where the information in a string file does not represent a plan view. In other words. the coordinates represent the mine grid northing. Real World Coordinates – a concept where the information in a string file is stored with the coordinates representing a plan view of the data. you may append any other string files (in real world coordinates) to the string files created from slicing. Underground Drive – a tunnel. easting. you may also slice it at the same time you slice the 3D solid models of drives and stopes. Slices of solid objects to be used for ring design must be saved in real world coordinates. such as fault surfaces to the drives and stope designs prior to slicing. and elevation.Ring Design Concepts Overview This section will cover some terms used in this manual. some experience in ring design is helpful but is not required. After slicing. Data created using the ring design function Save for plot are saved in section coordinates. such as for cable bolt holes and "sludge" (or sample) holes. If you have a Surpac block model. You may also append DTMs representing other features. or opening in rock where the drill rig will be positioned. some basic concepts of ring design and the files you will use during ring design. Stope – a 3-dimensional area (usually ore) which is to be mined out by blasting a series of long holes or ring design holes. Requirements Prior to performing the exercises in this tutorial. Ring Design Concepts and Files In the most common cases. The purpose of this tutorial is to expose you to one way of using most of the tools within Surpac to create a ring design. and prior to enabling ring design. Page 6 of 49 .

select Set as work directory. Page 7 of 49 .Setting the Work Directory A work directory is the default directory for saving Surpac files. From the popup menu. The name of the work directory is displayed in the title bar of the Surpac window. 2. Task: Setting the Work Directory 1. right-click the underground_ring_design folder. Files used in this tutorial are stored in the folder: <installation directory>\demo_data\tutorials\underground_ring_design where <installation directory> is the directory in which Surpac was installed. In the Surpac Navigator.

Page 8 of 49 . Task: Setting the Profile and Viewing the Data 1. and then ringdesign as shown. Right-click in the empty space at the top of the Surpac interface.Creating a Centreline Task: Setting the Profile and Viewing the Data Creating a Centreline Overview The function Centre line slice will be used to create slices through one or more solids. In this chapter you will prepare a string file to act as a centreline. 2. Select Profiles. The top of the Surpac window appears similar to the following image. The interface now contains a new set of menus and toolbars that cover the functionality for processing data from a ring design. maintaining a pivot point a given distance above the surveyed floor. A centreline string is required to slice the solids.

str. You will now look at the data in section view. The origin (0N. Choose Display > Point > Markers to display markers.str. 0E) of each section is set at the pivot point of the drill rig. To do this you will need a centreline for slicing which is 2 meters above the floor for the entire length of the centreline. Enter the information as shown. 7. which is defined in Surpac as looking north at the XZ plane. Open cl1. 4. 5. and then click Apply. The floor and centreline strings are displayed as shown. Page 9 of 49 . Open floor1055. Click the icon. at a height of 2 meters above the floor. 6. You will create a set of sections perpendicular to the centreline through several solids.Creating a Centreline Task: Setting the Profile and Viewing the Data 3.

3. and then click Apply. and then click Apply. Open floor1055. Choose File > Save > string/DTM. 5.str. Click the Reset graphics icon . 7. Enter the information as shown.Creating a Centreline Task: Creating a DTM of a Floor String Task: Creating a DTM of a Floor String 1. 2. 4. Page 10 of 49 . 6. Choose Surfaces > Create DTM from layer. Enter the information as shown below. Click Yes on the following form.

and to have the string follow the contour of the floor.str. we would get an output file with only two points. To set these two points to the elevation of the DTM. 7. Page 11 of 49 . . 4. 5. 8.Creating a Centreline Task: Draping a Centreline String over the DTM of the Floor Task: Draping a Centreline String over the DTM of the Floor In this example. Save cl1. 2. Open cl1. 6. and then click Apply. You will see the string draped to match the DTM surface. Choose Surfaces > Drape string over DTM. 3. If Interpolate New points was not ticked.dtm. Follow the prompt at the bottom of the screen and click the centreline string. Enter the information as shown. Click the icon to view the data in section view. Click the Reset graphics icon Open floor1055. you will drape the centreline string over the DTM of the floor. 1.str. the input centreline string is a straight line and has only two points. Note: The option to Interpolate New points must be ticked in order to create new points on the centreline wherever it crosses a triangle edge.

Enter the information as shown below. 4. Click the string. Spin the data around to see that the centreline string is now 2 meters above the floor DTM. 6.dtm. You will use string maths to set the centreline to this elevation.str. Page 12 of 49 . The centreline has been raised 2 meters vertically. it is assumed that the pivot point of the rig will remain a constant two meters above the floor.str to cl1. 7. run 01_create_centreline. 8. and then click Apply. 3. Open floor1055. 2.tcl Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented. 9.str the active layer. Click the Reset graphics icon Open cl1. Choose Edit > String > Maths. Save cl1. 1. Use the layer chooser to make cl1. If you want to run manually through the task again. If you want to see all of the steps performed in this chapter.str. you will need to copy cl1_original. Press ESC to terminate the function.Creating a Centreline Task: Raising the Centreline String Above the Floor Task: Raising the Centreline String Above the Floor In this example. .str. 5.

Choose Display > Surface or Solid. 2. 4. Choose Display > Hide everything.Slicing Objects Overview The function centre line slice will be used to create sections of a DTM file comprised of several threedimensional solid objects.dtm. Task: Viewing the Data 1. 6. and then click Apply. 7. 8. The function uses the centreline created during the previous exercise. Choose Display > Hide everything. 3. Object 3 represents the ore zone. Page 13 of 49 . Notice that it contains holes where the drives pass through it. Choose Display > Surface or Solid. Open ringex1. Enter the information as shown. Now you will display objects 1 and 2 individually. Spin the data around to get a feel for the solids models. 5. Click the Reset graphics icon .

and then click Apply. 11.Slicing Objects Task: Viewing the Data 9. since the toe (or end) of the hole will be located at the point where the hole intersects the stope. Choose Display > Hide everything. Objects 1 and 2 are the drives. Objects 1 and 2 Object 3 (outersected by objects 1 and 2) It is generally a good idea to use outersected solids for creating ring design slices. you may not achieve the desired result. Choose Display > Surface or Solid. if the 3D solid of the stope were not outersected by the drives. Object 3 was created by outersecting the solid of the ore zone by the solid of the drives. 12. and then click Apply. Enter the information as shown. 10. As shown below. Enter the information as shown. created from survey data. Page 14 of 49 .

Also. you must supply the string numbers representing the drives and the stope. when starting ring design.Slicing Objects Task: Viewing the Data Hole drilled in stope outersected by drives Hole drilled in stope NOT outersected by drives The object numbers are important because the string numbers created in the resultant slices will be equal to the object numbers in the DTM file. Page 15 of 49 .

Click the other endpoint of the centreline by positioning the cursor northeast of the northeast endpoint of the line. 6. 4. numbering the rings 1. Click the Reset graphics icon . etc. the rig will start from the southwest end of the stope and work toward the northeast.2. Surpac will choose the nearest location on the line.3. 8. Choose Solids > Solids tools > Section using centreline. 2. Use the layer chooser to select ringex1. Page 16 of 49 . 3.dtm as the active layer. You will use the southwest endpoint of cl1. Click a point below and to the left of the southwest end of the centreline. In this example.dtm. Click the Zoom all icon .4.str as the point from which the first ring will be created. as shown below. Choose View > Surface view options > Hide triangle faces. 7. Open cl1. 5. 9. Open ringex1.str.Slicing Objects Task: Slicing the Solid Task: Slicing the Solid 1.

the output files will be created as follows: 1055sec1.str (slice 6m from first point selected) .str (slice 98m from first point selected) The string files created can be in either section or real world coordinates. Sections used for ring design must be created in real world coordinates. Enter the information as shown. In this example we are setting the ID numbers to be sequence numbers.str (slice 2m from first point selected) 1055sec3. Enter the information as shown...str (slice 4m from first point selected) 1055sec4. Page 17 of 49 .. With this option. and then click Apply.... 11. 1055sec50.Slicing Objects Task: Slicing the Solid 10. and then click Apply.str (slice at first point selected) 1055sec2..

13.str. you will now display one of the 1055sec string files created. To verify that the sections have been created in real world coordinates.dtm. 14. Open 1055sec25. Spin the data around to verify that the section has been created correctly. It should match the solids exactly as shown.Slicing Objects Task: Slicing the Solid The sections will be created as individual string files in the work directory. as well as the original solid objects. Select the icon to change to a section view.tcl Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented Page 18 of 49 . 12. Click the Reset graphics icon . The sections are as shown. 15. Sections will also appear in the ring slices layer. run 02_slice_objects. Open ringex1. If you want to see all of the steps performed in this chapter. 16.

you will store the data in a file named rings. Page 19 of 49 . Choose Setup > New rig. If you are using ring design for the first time. These are stored in the text file SSI_ETC:rings. 1.Setup Overview There are several default rig and drilling parameters that are used each time you use ring design. .ssi in the local data directory. You are prompted to enter the shape. At the bottom of the Surpac frame. Task: Performing Rig Setup You will first set up parameters for a new drilling rig. Click the Reset graphics icon Choose Ring design > Start ring design. Surpac asks you to define the mast of your drill rig.ssi.ssi would read values from a file in the ssi_etc: directory. size. and then click Apply. 3. the name of the default rig will be displayed. movement limits and angle definition method of the mast. In this example. 2. Note: The default value of ssi_etc:rings. 4. Enter the information as shown. it will display OLD DEFAULT RIG: Rather than compiling and continuously updating a database containing all the specifications on the numerous manufacturers and models of drill rigs.

Enter the information as shown. you are inferring that the bottom of the mast can be below the floor. Page 20 of 49 .Setup Task: Performing Rig Setup 5. If you set a minimum height to a number that is less than the feed-pivot distance. The rig parameters are shown below: Note: 6. The minimum height of the pivot point cannot be less than the feed-pivot distance. and then click Apply. Choose Setup > Select rig.

Click the tutorial rig radio button and then click the Default button. 8. Click Apply. Page 21 of 49 . The tutorial rig is set as the default rig the next time you invoke ring design.Setup Task: Performing Rig Setup 7. The rig name tutorial is displayed in the status bar at the bottom of the Surpac frame.

To do this. 3. you need to first load at least one section for drilling. Click the next section icon until you get to section 9. 1. you will enter default parameters to be used when creating holes. Choose Ring design > Open section files of stopes and openings. and then click Apply. Notice that the information on the status bar at the bottom of the screen changes each time next section is clicked. The first section is displayed. Note: When using the next section and previous section icons be perpendicular to each section. Page 22 of 49 . the view presented in graphics will always . Enter the information as shown.Setup Task: Setting up Drilling Parameters Task: Setting up Drilling Parameters Next. 2.

Choose Setup > Rig position. when you are selecting a drive. The string numbers which you have nominated as stope outlines are not selectable. only those strings which you have nominated as survey opening strings above are selectable. In this case. the survey opening strings are not selectable. The first click will select the drive.Setup Task: Setting up Drilling Parameters 4. and the second click will select the stope. then near the stope. you could double-click anywhere near the lower drive. Enter the information as shown. When you are selecting a drive to drill from. Also. Page 23 of 49 . but only near the segment. 6. When you are selecting a stope string. Choose Setup > Drilling parameters. when you select the new rig position. The rig is positioned in the lower drive as shown. it is not necessary to click precisely on the drive segment. 5. Click near the lower drive. and then click Apply. 7.

Setup Task: Setting up Drilling Parameters Toe spacing algorithms are displayed below. the toe spacing is in defined in degrees. The toe spacing is a unit of measure (meters or feet) for all algorithms except for angular. Page 24 of 49 . When the angular toe spacing algorithm is selected.

When Surpac attempts to fit additional holes with a given toe spacing. If the hole is to be drilled to the edge of a surveyed drive.5 units (meters or feet) past the stope outline. Note: Nearly all functions and concepts in Surpac are unitless – that is. you are asked to select two holes that have been drilled from the same pivot point. holes will pierce through drives. click the Help button to display the online reference manual. The hole diameter is the diameter of the hole in units of measure (0. The direction of the ring is used when drilling normal holes. and you create two normal holes from a vertical hole.Between two holes. varying the toe spacing up to the specified tolerance. The tolerance value is used to allow the toe spacing of holes fitted between the two holes to change by up to this amount. until an acceptable toe spacing is found to allow the new holes to fit between two holes. Surpac iterates a given number of times.Setup Task: Setting up Drilling Parameters The tolerance is used with the function Create holes . they will be rotated clockwise from the vertical hole. if you set overdrill to 0. For more information on the fields. 8. 9. you would normally use the default file of ssi_etc:rings. it does not matter if you are using units of feet or units of meters. If set to zero. and then click Apply. For example. as well as storing the information in the ring design defaults file. Overdrill allows you to create holes that are drilled past or short of the stope outline. You have now completed setting up a drill rig and its drilling parameters.5. such as 0. If you set overdrill to –1.001. When fitting holes with this function. 1 meter or 1 foot) before the hole would intersect the stope outline.ssi. The view-only hole colour is assigned to holes drilled from other rings. invariably the last hole to be fitted will be too close to the second hole chosen. The break-through tolerance is used to control the length of holes which have the potential to be drilled into surveyed drives. and/or review the field and form help. Enter the information as shown below. The minimum collar distance does not allow holes to be drilled where the distance between the centres of the holes is less than this distance. Choose Ring design > Save ring design settings. the holes would stop 1 unit of measure (ie. with the assumption that additional holes will fit between the two selected holes. You are saving rings. the holes would be drilled 0. Page 25 of 49 . For example. It is sometimes convenient to view the holes from a previous ring so that holes in the current ring can be staggered.75 meters before they break through a drive. In our case. we want holes to be stopped 0.05 meters in this example). The diameter can be used for reporting and for blast powder factor calculations. set the break-through tolerance to a very small number.ssi in the local directory for training purposes only. In practice. if the direction of the ring is set to clockwise.

Open cl1. Often the distance left or right of a single pivot point of the rig or the distance of collar positions from a centreline are required in a report. To do this. Click and drag the mouse on the screen to view the data as shown: Page 26 of 49 . 6. Choose Setup > Select reference line for offsets. If you attempt to position the mast so that the pivot point is outside the dotted line. Although you can move the mast around. or any part of the mast is outside the drive. 4. Click the centreline string. 8. none of the holes drilled from these new positions will be referenced to the centreline until we explicitly select the centreline. From the Ring Design menu bar choose View > Zoom to extent of current section.str. Practice moving the mast by clicking and dragging it around. 9. 2. you will get an error message. 7. and the mast will be moved back to its original position.Moving the Mast Overview The drill mast may be moved and rotated inside a surveyed opening to position it for drilling holes. Task: Using a Centreline String as a Reference Line 1. Press ESC to terminate the function. Choose Move mast > By graphics. 5. we need to open the centreline file in a new layer and let Surpac know that we want all holes drilled to be reported relative to this centreline. Zoom in on the drive where the rig is positioned. 3.

In this case. 11. A reference distance and direction will now be stored for every hole drilled on this section. Enter the information as shown. Page 27 of 49 . If the centreline you are using is a straight line perpendicular to the section. 10. it may be preferable to rotate the view in order to clearly select the reference line. Choose Display > Hide strings > In a layer. From the Ring Design menu bar choose View > Zoom to extent of current section to return to a view perpendicular to this section. the line will appear as a single pixel and may be difficult to select. the reference point for that section will automatically be recalculated at the point where the centreline intersects the section plane. and then click Apply. Once the reference line has been selected. It does not matter if you are viewing th45e data perpendicular to the section or are in an oblique view when you select the reference line. the point where the centreline intersects the plane of the section will be marked with a small red triangle. 12.Moving the Mast Task: Using a Centreline String as a Reference Line After selecting the reference centreline. it is not necessary to keep it displayed. when you are zoomed to the extent of the current section. When we are finished creating holes on this section and continue to the next section.

to angle is a value from 0 to 360. The value "angle" in the function Rotate mast . Page 28 of 49 . The mast is rotated to an angle of 300 degrees as shown. 2. 1. This coordinate system is only used for positioning the rig. 5. 3. Choose Move mast > By coordinates. These functions are presented to demonstrate various options and are not in a specific order. Choose Rotate mast > To angle. Enter the information as shown. and then click Apply. and then click Apply. 4. Choose Rotate mast > By angle. The mast is moved so that its pivot point is on the centreline. By selecting a reference line. Enter the information as shown.Moving the Mast Task: Moving and Rotating the Mast Task: Moving and Rotating the Mast You will now examine several functions that allow you to move and rotate the mast. we have set up a coordinate system within the plane of the section whose origin is at the point where the centreline pierces the section. and for reporting the rig pivot point position relative to the centreline. with the origin being vertically up the section.

10. 8.Moving the Mast Task: Moving and Rotating the Mast 6. Notice how the mast follows the cursor around the screen. Enter the information as shown. with zero defined vertically up the section view. Click and drag the mast around. 7. Press ESC to end the function. 9. Rotate mast – By angle rotates the mast clockwise from the current orientation by the specified amount. This can be useful when you want a drillhole to pass through a specific point. then release the mouse. Choose Rotate mast > By graphics. 11. The mast is now set at an orientation of 345 degrees. using a convention of 0 to 360 degrees. Page 29 of 49 . Note the differences in the two functions: • • Rotate mast – To angle sets the orientation of the mast to the value specified. The mast is positioned towards the point where you clicked. Choose Rotate mast > To point Click once with the mouse. and then click Apply.

Enter the information as shown and then click Apply. 16. Choose Move mast > By distance. Enter the information as shown. and then click Apply. Choose Move mast > From wall. we will move the mast a specified distance from this point. Enter the information as shown. 15. Although this is close to the right edge of the stope and drive. you will position the mast to drill a vertical hole near the right edge of the stope. Next. Page 30 of 49 . Choose Rotate mast > To angle. and then click Apply. Enter the information as shown. This is the horizontal distance in the plane of the section from the pivot point to the point on the wall. 13. and then click Apply. Note that the distance shown will change when you select the left or right radio button. 17. 19. Choose Move mast > By coordinates. The mast is oriented vertically up the section. 14. we will use another function to get it closer. 18. 12.Moving the Mast Task: Moving and Rotating the Mast In preparation for the next chapter. The pivot point of the mast is now located on the centreline.

run 04_move_mast.Moving the Mast Task: Moving and Rotating the Mast The mast is now in the following orientation: Leave the mast in this position for use in the next chapter. Creating and Reporting Holes. If you want to see all of the steps performed in this chapter.tcl Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented Page 31 of 49 .

0. This option toggles the hole id as a number. as shown below: 1. Page 32 of 49 . In the Define Rig Parameters form. An overdrill of – 0. Choose Create holes > Parallel to an existing hole. you specified an overdrill distance of zero.25 meters short of the stope outline.25 would have stopped the hole 0.5. From the Ring Design Menu choose View > Hole IDs four times (until you see the number "1" for the second time).Creating and Reporting Holes Overview Holes may be created. moved and rotated inside a stope. This will create one hole at the current mast orientation. the rig named tutorial was positioned in the lower drive of section 9. Choose Create holes > At current mast orientation.str. 3. you will create and edit holes inside a stope. Had you specified an overdrill of 0. from the file 1055sec9.6m from the right wall. the hole you just created would extend 0. 2. or without a stope. Notice that the toe or end of the hole is positioned exactly at the stope outline.5 meters past the stope outline. or no id. In this chapter. Task: Creating and Editing Holes In the last chapter. a letter.

A positive spacing would mean that holes are created to the right of the selected hole. we decide that we would rather drill hole number 3 and all remaining holes with the rig at the centreline point. Page 33 of 49 . Click hole number 1. 5. We will first delete hole number 3 and then re-create it with the pivot at the centreline and a toe spacing of 1. You will now see three holes. 7. you will move the mast back to the pivot point. Hole number 3 is removed.5 meters from hole number 2. Note: A negative horizontal spacing indicates that the holes are drilled to the left of the selected hole. From the Ring design menu choose Edit > Delete one hole Click hole number 3.Creating and Reporting Holes Task: Creating and Editing Holes 4. and then click Apply. 6. Assume that after looking at this result. Next. Two holes are drilled parallel to hole number 1. as shown. Enter the information as shown.

Click hole number 2. and then click Apply. To do this. 11. 13. 14. Enter the following information and then click Apply. Choose Move mast > By coordinates. 10.Creating and Reporting Holes Task: Creating and Editing Holes 8. and then click Apply. Page 34 of 49 . you need to check the drilling parameters and ensure that the ring direction is anti-clockwise. Enter the information as shown. 9. 12. Choose Create holes > Offset from existing hole. You will create one hole to the left of hole number 2. Choose Setup > Drilling Parameters Enter the information as shown.

and then a fan of holes between these last two holes.5. you will drill another hole along the footwall contact. Choose Create holes > At selected location. using the AECI algorithm. 15. Page 35 of 49 . You will now rotate this hole to the lower stope limit. Click a location on the left stope wall to create a hole similar to that shown. and a toe spacing distance of 1. 16.Creating and Reporting Holes Task: Creating and Editing Holes Hole number 3 will be created to the left of hole number 2. or footwall. Note: See the online help for more information on toe spacing algorithms Next.

Page 36 of 49 . 19. 18. It is not necessary that the holes fall entirely within the stope design. or footwall as shown. or end of the hole to the new position. Click hole number 4. From the Ring design menu choose Edit > Edit hole length graphically.Creating and Reporting Holes Task: Creating and Editing Holes 17. In this case the hole extends beyond the stope. 21. When you release the mouse. click and drag the toe. At the prompt. The decision to drill this hole slightly outside of the stope is purely a judgement call. then release to select hole number 4. 20. This function is not an exact means of setting a hole length. From the Ring design menu choose Edit > Rotate hole. Click hole number 4 again and drag it to the lower stope limit. the length of the hole will be reset to that position. and you will now adjust the length of the hole.

When Surpac attempts to fit additional holes with a given toe spacing. As a result. 25. invariably the last hole to be fitted will be too close to the second hole chosen. As described previously in Setup. the value entered for tolerance on the Drilling Parameters form is used with the function Create holes. You will now drill a fan of holes between holes 3 and 4. with the assumption that additional holes will fit between the two selected holes. and then hole 4.Creating and Reporting Holes Task: Creating and Editing Holes Following is an exact method of setting a hole length. you are asked to select two holes which have been drilled from the same pivot point. 22. If we selected hole 4 first and then hole 3. Click hole 3. When the tolerance is used to fit holes between two holes. given that the toe spacing does not vary by more than the tolerance given here. it must make several attempts with different toe spacing distances. until an acceptable toe spacing is found. with slightly varying toe spacings. you must select hole 3 first. it attempts to keep the toe spacing as close as possible to the original. Remember that you previously set the direction of the holes to be created as anti-clockwise. From the Ring design menu choose Edit > Set length of one hole. Surpac iterates a given number of times. Choose Create holes > Between two holes. 27. To do this. Surpac would attempt to create holes anti-clockwise from hole 4 to hole 3. and then hole 4. and then click Apply. Page 37 of 49 . Enter the information as shown. The tolerance is used to allow the toe spacing of holes fitted between the two holes to move by up to this amount. Click hole number 4. 24. 26. 23. When fitting holes with this function. Press ESC to terminate the function.

we assume that all holes need to be numbered in a clockwise manner. When holes would normally terminate at a surveyed opening. 28. 31. Click hole number 4. were shortened. or would have intersected the upper drive. From the Ring design menu choose Edit > Renumber holes. and then click Apply. the longer it may take to fit holes between the two selected holes. this was set to 0. 5 iterations are acceptable. In our case. 30. Notice that several holes which came near. 29. Page 38 of 49 .75m on the Drilling Parameters form. However. The hole numbers reflect the order in which they were created.Creating and Reporting Holes Task: Creating and Editing Holes The number of attempts or iterations it makes to fit the holes is set on the next form. The greater the number of iterations. Enter the information as shown. Enter the information as shown. and then click Apply. starting on the footwall. For most cases. The holes will be created between holes 3 and 4. they are shortened by the break-through tolerance value.

Task: Saving Holes You have now completed the ring design. the holes would be stored in the database. If you were attached to a ring design database. Choose Ring design > Save holes.Creating and Reporting Holes Task: Saving Holes The holes are renumbered clockwise from 1 upwards. However. starting at the footwall. 2. for this example you will store the holes in a string file. and will save the holes. Page 39 of 49 . 3. and then click Apply. Enter the information as shown. Enter the information as shown. 1. and then click Apply.

Page 40 of 49 . and then click Apply. Enter the information as shown.str will be created in the work directory.Creating and Reporting Holes Task: Saving Holes 4. The string file 1055_4nw_holes9.

Enter the information as shown. and select Add. The fields can then be selected from a drop down list.Creating and Reporting Holes Task: Reporting Holes Task: Reporting Holes 1. Note: To add rows to the table. and then click Apply. and then click Apply. 4. 3. 2. and then click Apply. and then click Apply. right click in the blank area beneath the table. Enter the information as shown. Enter the information as shown. Page 41 of 49 . Enter the information as shown. Choose Reports > Drilling report. 5.

not.Creating and Reporting Holes Task: Reporting Holes The drilling report will be written to the file 1055_4nw9. which may then be displayed in a text editor. Page 42 of 49 .

If you want to see all of the steps performed in this chapter.Creating and Reporting Holes Task: Saving Default Values Task: Saving Default Values You have now set several values which need to be stored in the ring design defaults file. run 05a_create_holes. 1. Page 43 of 49 . you would normally want to use the default file of ssi_etc:rings.tcl Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented. Before continuing further. you will save these default values. Enter the information as shown. and then click Apply.tcl 05b_report_holes. as a simple modification to the format of the file could result in the loss of default parameter data. 2.ssi.ssi in the local directory for training purposes only. Choose Ring design > Save ring design settings. It is strongly recommended that you do NOT modify this file with a text editor. You are saving rings. Note: In practice.

Task: Saving Holes for Plotting The diagram below shows holes created after completing the chapter Creating and Reporting Holes. Ensure that the holes have been created as shown below. we will create and edit holes inside a stope.Plotting Overview Holes may be created. and then click Apply. Choose Ring design > Save holes and sections for plotting. or without a stope. In this example. 2. 3. Enter the information as shown. 1. and how to generate a plot of holes. In this section you will learn how to save holes for plotting. Enter the information as shown. Page 44 of 49 . and then click Apply. moved and rotated inside a stope.

str is saved to the work directory. 1002 Stopes 2003 Rig Pivot Points 32000 Page 45 of 49 . In this example.999 String Numbers Drives Drive string number + 1000 Stopes Stope string number + 2000 Rig Pivot Points 32000 The following string numbers will be used in plotting.str will contain: Data Drill Holes 1.17 String Numbers Drives 1001. String files saved with Save holes and sections for plotting will contain: Data Drill Holes 1.Plotting Task: Saving Holes for Plotting The file 1055_4nw9. 1055_4nw9.

The results of the function will again be written to the file map_entity_load. Close the log file. 4.txt and entity.Plotting Task: Creating a Plot Task: Creating a Plot See the Plotting section of the Introduction to Surpac manual or the Plotting in Surpac tutorial for a more detailed explanation of plotting concepts. Choose Plotting > Entity > Import. and then click Apply. 1. You should see the following: Entity load log =============== Loaded _RIG PIVOT Loaded _RING BLAST HOLE Loaded _RING HOLE Loaded _RING NOTE 3.log. You should see the following: Map load log =============== Loaded RING BLAST EX1 Loaded RING EX1 6. Page 46 of 49 . 5. Close the log file.log. Enter the information as shown. The results of the function will be written to the file map_entity_load. Choose Plotting > Map > Import. and then click Apply. 7.txt. which you will import. 2. Choose Plotting > Map > Edit. Some map and entity definitions have been set up and saved in the files map. Enter the information as shown.

11. View the contents of the entities _rig pivot. and then click Apply. Choose Plotting > Entity > Edit. _ring hole and _ring note. Enter the information as shown.Plotting Task: Creating a Plot 8. 9. 10. _ring blast hole. Enter the information as shown. View the contents of the map we will be processing (ring ex1). Page 47 of 49 . Choose Plotting > Process > Map. and then click Apply. and then click Apply.

and then click Apply. Enter the information as shown. Page 48 of 49 . and then click Apply. 13.Plotting Task: Creating a Plot 12. Enter the information as shown.

tcl Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented. You can also edit the entity and map definitions provided. This is only one manner of presenting ring design holes. If you want to see all of the steps performed in this chapter. The Plot Preview window opens. and then click Apply. Page 49 of 49 . and the plot is displayed. or create your own to customise your plots.Plotting Task: Creating a Plot 14. Enter the information as shown. run 06_plotting.