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LW2

LEARNER WORKBOOK 2

CHARGING BL AS TH OL ES SITES OTHER THAN UNDERGRO

UND COAL MINES

COPYRIGHT All rights reserved. This work is copyright and available only from the SkillsOnline website under license to NSW DET. Permission is given to trainers and teachers to make copies by photocopying or other duplicating processes for use within their own training organisations, or in a workplace where training is being conducted. The onus rests on you as user to ensure compliance with licensing arrangements. The Licensing Agreement stipulates the extent to which you can copy this material. If you use any portion of the material, you must acknowledge NSW DET as the copyright owner. If you develop enhancements of the material, you must ensure that NSW DET is appropriately acknowledged as the original copyright owner. You may not make it available for hire or re-sale with financial gain other than at a cost recovery fee for distribution and within the extent allowed by your Licensing Agreement. Outside these guidelines, all material is subject to copyright under the Copyright Act 1968 (Commonwealth) and permission must be obtained in writing from the NSW DET. Acknowledgement This work has been produced initially with the assistance of funding provided by the NSW Department of Education and Training, Industry Programs, through the Industry and Enterprise Skills Program with advice from the Project Steering Committee. These resources have been developed by SkillsDMC in conjunction with industry stakeholders. SkillsDMC wish to thank Graham Terrey and TAFE NSW for their work on this project. Disclaimer The views expressed in this work do not necessarily represent the views of the NSW Department of Education and Training. The NSW Department of Education and Training do not give warranty or accept any liability in relation to the content of this work.

PROJECT TEAM NSW DET would like to acknowledge the valuable contribution of the many people who generously gave of their time and ideas and contributed to the development of these resources by providing information, an industry perspective and review of the project materials. Name Allan Shoesmith Bill Brooks Bruce McGeachie Cherie Chen Claire Cappe Craig Parker David Barker Graham Cowan Graham Hogg Lawrence Buswell Leanne Parker Lorenzo Laguna Mihai Leonte Michael Creese Developed By: Graham Terrey Developer Team: Danny Duke David Chapman Dorothy Rao Giselle Mawer Robin Bishop Organisation Centennial Coal WorkCover NSW Xstrata Coal DET NSW DET NSW Pybar WorkCover NSW DPI Downer EDI Barrick Gold Hanson Rio Tinto, Northparkes NSW DPI Newcrest, Cadia Valley Operations Mine Resilience Australia Duke Consulting 2nd Project Coordinator TAFE NSW SkillsDMC Giselle Mawer & Associates Robin Bishop & Associates 1st Project Coordinator

Further copies of this resource are available from Website: www.skillsonline.net.au For further information contact: Email: skillsonline@det.nsw.edu.au Or visit SkillsDMC on: http://www.skillsdmc.com.au/

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V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.skillsonline.net.au

Candidate’s Details
Name: Employer: Position: Course: Start Date: Location: Signature: Date:

Manager / Supervisor Endorsement
Name: Signature: Date: Comments:

Coach, Trainer Details
Name: Contact details:

Assessor Details
Name: Contact details

Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes - Sites other than Underground Coal Mines

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PRIMING BLASTHOLES 40 42 2.1A – CHARGING PROCEDURE LEARNING & ASSESSMENT TASK 2.1 REVIEW QUESTIONS: PREPARE FOR CHARGING LEARNING & ASSESSMENT TASK 2.MIXING ANFO LEARNING & ASSESSMENT TASK 2.2 REVIEW QUESTIONS: MIX / MANUFACTURE EXPLOSIVES LEARNING & ASSESSMENT TASK 2.4 – LOADING & DIPPING THE MAIN CHARGE 46 50 4 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.4 REVIEW QUESTIONS: LOAD THE MAIN CHARGE LEARNING & ASSESSMENT TASK 2.2B – CHECKING EQUIPMENT 32 34 36 2.3 REVIEW QUESTIONS: PRIME BLASTHOLES LEARNING & ASSESSMENT TASK 2.skillsonline.2A .net.Contents WHAT IS THIS LEARNER WORKBOOK & RECORD BOOK FOR? WORKBOOK RECORD BOOK PEOPLE WHO CAN HELP Industry Trainer Workplace Assessor Fellow workers Other students/trainees 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 CHARGING BLASTHOLES WELCOME Topics covered in each of the modules ASSESSMENT Conduct of Assessment Successful completion of the unit RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING (RPL) 8 8 8 9 9 9 10 2.0 SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: CHARGING BLASTHOLES 2.1B –INSPECTING THE BLAST AREA 11 18 25 28 2.au .3 .

2.5 – REPORTING / RECORDING 52 54 RECORD OF LEARNING EVIDENCE GATHERED DURING OFF-THE-JOB TRAINING.5 REVIEW QUESTIONS: CLEAN-UP.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 5 . REPORT SITE & LEGISLATIVE REQUIREMENTS LEARNING & ASSESSMENT TASK 2. EVIDENCE GATHERED DURING ON-THE-JOB TRAINING. HANDLING AND TRANSPORT OF EXPLOSIVES FOR ITEMS IN THE TABLE BELOW? 57 57 57 58 THIRD PARTY PRACTICAL VERIFICATION REPORT: MODULE 2 CHARGING BLASTHOLES 67 Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . WHAT HAVE YOU DONE REGARDING STORAGE.

but the precautions are stricter for underground coal mines so the practices differ and are constrained in some areas. 6 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.au . The Learner Resources are slightly slimmer as a result.WHAT IS THIS LEARNER WORKBOOK & RECORD BOOK FOR? This workbook does not cover underground coal mines. WORKBOOK Throughout this Workbook there are Review Questions that will test your knowledge of the subject. This Workbook and Record Book helps a Trainer and an Assessor to develop and assess your required knowledge and skill. demonstrations and workplace practice. The two Workbooks – one for underground coal mines. However. though there are word and term changes. and will help you develop a learning approach to ensure you can apply your learning. for which a similar Workbook has been developed. Early on in this book you will find a self-assessment checklist to help you and your Trainer to determine the areas that you will need to develop further. It can also help you to: • plan your study • build your skill as a learner • plan ways to apply and practise what you learn (‘use it. and take advantage of the progress they have already made. or the other way around. Each Learner Workbook helps you to work through the Learner Resource and complete the assessment tasks.net. or lose it’). the Learner Resources and Workbooks are kept in parallel – so that a person can move from underground coal mines to other sites. The delivery of all four Modules in the Shotfiring course involves workshops. There are also some Learning and Assessment Tasks through the book that help develop your knowledge and skills. Your workplace trainer will guide you through the material and some of the activities. and subtle differences in focus. The principles involved are the same for all shotfiring. and the other for all other sites – are deliberately similar and have subtle differences. for key principle and for career progression reasons. The Workbooks are not much slimmer and will look the same.skillsonline.

Other students/trainees If you are studying this unit on-site or at an external training organisation you will have other students/ trainees to help you. Talk about what you are learning with others (colleagues. where and when you will be assessed • assessment tasks. Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . Fellow workers If you are studying this unit on-site you will be able to obtain assistance from those around you. Review each section as you go – how does the learning relate to your job 9. They can advise on a wide range of issues including: • current practices and procedures • where you can find information that will assist your studies • the meaning of words used in the unit. and • assessment standards. There are many people who can help you and also enhance the quality of your learning experience. PEOPLE WHO CAN HELP You should not feel that you are alone when you study. Here are some simple tips for saving time. The workplace assessor can give you advice about: • how. and making the most of your learning. Industry Trainer If you study this unit on-site you will have a Trainer who will either teach the unit in a face-to-face situation or guide you through the unit if you are doing it self-paced. Other student/trainees will have different work experiences and can help with many things including: • study groups where you can discuss the knowledge and skills required to achieve competency • one-to-one question and answer sessions to help with your mastery of the contents of the unit. Workplace Assessor If you study this unit through an external training organisation you may be required to be assessed on-site by a workplace assessor. Try using the checklist to assess yourself as an effective learner at different times during the course.RECORD BOOK At the back of this book there is a section for you to fulfil and record your on.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 7 . and • emotional support if you are having difficulties with your studies. How you study this unit will determine who will be able to assist you. You will also get feedback from the assessor about your performance. Clarify course requirements and training times at the beginning Set date targets to finish the assessment tasks Look through all the materials to get the big picture first Make it your course. Make sure you complete/participate in the activities 8. practical ways to use your learning beyond the course. not what someone is telling you to do (even if they are) 5. Look for specific. 4.and off-the-job experience. Use and build on the experience and skills you already have 6. getting the results you want. 3. Use what you learn in the workplace while it’s fresh 11. Your Trainer can answer any questions and give you advice about: • where you can find information • safety issues involved in performing activities • where to find equipment and any other materials required for performing activities. and • performance standards to be achieved when performing activities. 2. friends) 10. Learning Tips 1. Ask questions when you need to clarify any point 7. and • industry examples that will help you to understand basic principles.

Prime blastholes 4. Mix / manufacture explosives. Load explosives 5.au . Clean-up & Report 8 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www. Blast Planning and Reporting This structure allows flexibility in the delivery of the training to accommodate differing roles. Topics covered in each of the modules Module 1 Storing. The four modules are: 1. Handling. & Transporting Explosives 1. Identify explosives & associated hazards and comply with Acts. including safety requirements and checking blast area and blastholes 2. The Shotfiring Course has been structured as a series of four modules each with a Learner Resource and Learner Workbook.net. Storing. Regulations. Standards and Codes by implementing risk management & procedures 2.skillsonline. Transport explosives including defective explosives & emergency plans & response Module 2 Charging Blast Holes 1. Access & maintain storage and security of explosives 3. Handling. Firing Shots 4. Charging Blast Holes 3. responsibilities and requirements of personnel involved in shotfiring.WELCOME CHARGING BLASTHOLES Welcome to Module 2 Charging Blastholes of the Shotfiring Course. and checking of equipment 3. and Transporting Explosives 2. Prepare for charging.

MNC04 Coal Training Package 3. RIIBLA301 Conduct Surface Shotfiring Operations 3. MNQ03 Extractive Industries Training Package 2. Handle misfires Module 4 Blast Planning & Reporting 1. MNMG353A Fire Surface Shots 5. observation and third party reports.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 9 . Design / survey blasts 2. Dispose of explosives 7. RIIBLA201 Support Surface Shotfiring Operations 2. RII06 Civil Construction Training Package 5. Monitor environmental impacts 5. Calculate quantities of explosives required 3. Assessment tasks are provided in this Learner Workbook. MNM05 Metalliferous Mining Training Package 4. MNCU1048A Conduct Shotfiring 8. Fire the shot 4. RIIBLA304 Conduct Underground Production Shotfiring (Previously covering 1. Conduct post-blast checks 5. Return surplus explosives 7. MNMG321A Charge Production Blastholes) This is further detailed in another book called the Learner’s Guide. A range of evidence will be gathered for the assessment including written and/or verbal questions. Clear/isolate the area affected by the blast 3. MNCU1049A Support shotfiring operations 9. Identify the Maximum Instantaneous Charge 4.Module 3 Firing Shots 1. ASSESSMENT Assessment will be against the shotfiring units of competency in the following Training Packages: 1. Hook up and test 2. MNCO1040A Conduct Shotfiring Operations 6. Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . MNCO1041A Support Shotfiring Operations 2. MNMG352A Apply Blasting Activities 4. of you applying your knowledge. Report 6. such as from your supervisor. After successfully learning the Learner Resource and completing related activities in this Learner Workbook you should be able to complete the assessment tasks in charging blastholes with explosives and meet the requirements for the relevant units of competency. Conduct of Assessment Your trainer and/or assessor will confirm with you the assessment process and your readiness for assessment. They are: 1. MNQOPS413A Conduct Shotfiring 7. The assessment tasks for Charging Blastholes are designed to meet the outcomes of the following relevant units of competency. Reduce blast impacts 6. MNMG313A Charge Blastholes 3. DRT03 Drilling Training Package Successful completion of the unit When you have finished working through this module and the related activities you will need to demonstrate that you can perform the assessment tasks and meet the requirements of the units of competency. MNMG323A Charge Development Blastholes 10. Report The four modules follow a learning sequence to progressively gain the skills necessary for a shotfirer. RIIBLA303 Conduct Underground Development Shotfiring 4. Assessment of this module consists of a practical demonstration of the required skills and answers to written/oral knowledge questions.

In order to grant RPL your assessor must be confident that you are currently competent against the endorsed competency standards. If you are unable to provide evidence that you can apply your learning in a workplace or in a simulated situation. you can ask your trainer for a statement regarding your learning that you can use later as evidencetowards achieving competency when you are assessed in the workplace or in a simulated situation for your Unit. When you are satisfied that you can achieve competency in this module you should ask to be assessed. You can use the Self Assessment Checklist at the beginning of the Learner Workbook to assess your knowledge and skill in charging blastholes with explosives.au . That is why you will need to ensure you can perform the activities in this Workbook satisfactorily.skillsonline.net. You must practice the activities until you feel satisfied that you can perform them to the required standard.The practical tasks will be similar to the activities that are included in this Learner Workbook. Successfully completing the assessment demonstrates that you have achieved the module of competency outcomes. If you are confident you can demonstrate competence discuss the opportunity for RPL with your trainer/assessor. RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING (RPL) Recognition of Prior Learning is the recognition of competencies you currently hold. The activities in this Learner Workbook prepare you for assessment. 10 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.

Please place a tick ( 3 ) or cross ( 5 ) in the boxes as applicable in the areas listed below.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 11 .2.0 SELFASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: CHARGING BLASTHOLES Write / Draw Before commencing your learning you might like to use this self-assessment checklist to review your knowledge and skills in critical items of evidence. You can also use the checklist to see if you: a. are ready for assessment at the completion of the module c. have the knowledge and skills to apply for RPL b. Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . wish to identify particular areas in which you’d like to concentrate in your further development.

au .2) 4(1.1) 12 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.3) 4(1. Identify potential hazards relating to • the charging plan • charging procedures • the working environment • charging equipment & materials • people c.1) 1(1. Prepare to respond to emergency situations 2(3.net. and i. Recognise hazardous situations and i. Conduct a preliminary site inspection as necessary iv. Receive blasthole charging briefings.1) 3(1. Access.(Your) Name The following are my views of my knowledge and experience against a compilation of elements & performance criteria from the following competencies: 1.1) 2(1. clarify and confirm charging requirements from the shotfirer for the charging work 1(1. Access and apply procedures iii.1) 2(1. Conduct a risk assessment of those hazards 1(1. 2.3) 2(1.3) 2(1. RIIBLA201 Support Surface Shotfiring Operations RIIBLA301 Conduct Surface Shotfiring Operations RIIBLA303 Conduct Underground Development Shotfiring RIIBLA304 Conduct Underground Production Shotfiring Note: these Units replace Competency Units: MNCO1041A Support Shotfiring Operations MNMG313A Charge Blastholes MNMG352A Apply Blasting Activities MNMG353A Fire Surface Shots MNCO1040A Conduct Shotfiring Operations MNQOPS413A Conduct Shotfiring MNCU1048A Conduct Shotfiring MNCU1049A Support shotfiring operations MNMG323A Charge Development Blastholes MNMG321A Charge Production Blastholes Yes / No I need further development and / or experience in Elements and Performance Criteria I can show that I have the required knowledge and can: 1 Prepare for charging Comp Unit Ref 1(1) 2(1) 3(1) 4(1) a.1) 4(1.5) 3(3.2) 1(1. 4. 3.5) 3(1.4) d. interpret and apply safety information ii. interpret.skillsonline.2) 3(1.3) 1(1. Obtain.1) 2(1.2) b.

5) 4(1. Clear blastholes 1(1.7) 2(1.4. Work in accordance with site procedures and ii.2) 3(1.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 13 . Follow manufacturers instructions f.1 – 2.5) Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes .6) 4(3. Check blastholes iii. 3. 1.1. Establish the blast area and i. 1. Site notification iii.5) 1(1.6) 1(2.5) h.3) 1(2.4) 2(3.2) 2(1. Mix / manufacture explosive supplies • and equipment checks ii.4) 2 (2. Access geological.7.8) 3(1. Erect signs / barricades as appropriate ii. 3.4) 3(3. Identify quantities and types of explosives and associated materials / equipment for different blasthole charging applications Comp Unit Ref Yes / No I need further development and / or experience in 1(1.2) 2(1.3. Establish a suitable exclusion zone k.1.2) 4(3. Recognise key issues of • geological structures • blasthole and blast area measurements • weather conditions that might cause a problem while charging g. Coordinate blasthole charging support requirements including i. Check the survey and measurements ii.5) 4(1. 3.4) 2(1.6) 1(1.2) 2(3.6) 1(1.1) 2(3.4. 3.3. Complete the check of the blast site i. Coordinate with others working in areas that might be affected by charging iv. Interpret these in relation to charging ii. blasthole survey and weather information and i. 3.Name of person being assessed Elements and Performance Criteria I can state that the person being assessed can: e. Comply with legal obligations v.3) 1(1.6) 3(1. Collect and transport explosives and accessories to the blast site in accordance with • Site procedures and • Legal obligations j. Resolve issues with coordination of activities affected by charging i. Access charging procedures and i.

2) a. Deliver or have delivered the explosives to the blast area and blastholes 1(2. Identify priming options and i.au . Implement procedures for mixing / manufacturing • for the range of products required ii.net. affected or at risk from the mixing / manufacturing b.Name of person being assessed Elements and Performance Criteria I can state that the person being assessed can: 2 Mix & manufacture explosives Comp Unit Ref Yes / No I need further development and / or experience in 1(2. Check people involved. Select the best option • for a range of blasthole charging situations 14 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www. Calibrate the mixed or manufactured product d. Check mixing / manufacturing vehicles or equipment iv. Mix or manufacture explosives as required i.skillsonline. Identify hazards and assessing risks in the mixing / manufacturing area iii. Maintain the mixing / manufacturing equipment e. Prepare the necessary reports of the mixed / manufactured products 3 Prime blastholes a.3) c.

Charge blastholes safely i. Place primers correctly into blastholes • for single primed blastholes • for double or multiple primed blastholes • secure the primer while loading the main charge 4 Load the main charge of explosives 2(4. After conducting pre-start checks on equipment and materials • Determine the equipment / material serviceability for the task.3) 2(3. • Secure the site from unauthorised entry • Implement safety procedures such as safety harnesses etc when working in places where falls could occur iv.5) Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes .2) 4(4.Name of person being assessed Elements and Performance Criteria I can state that the person being assessed can: b.5) a.2) 2(4. Establish stemming material stockpiles iii.5) 4(3.3) 3(3. Be a part of the shot team ii. Wait until the explosive column has settled v. Select correct stemming materials iv. After checks of the charging area.2) 3(4. Check that signs such as ‘charging in progress’ had been erected / installed in accordance with procedures iii. Make up primers in accordance with procedures Comp Unit Ref Yes / No I need further development and / or experience in 3(4.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 15 . Secure the line to the primer 2(4. Stem the blastholes as required by procedures i.4) 2(4. Stem properly vi. or • Report the equipment for repairs by an authorised repair person b.1) 4(4.1) c.2) 1(2.4) 4(4. Stem whenever necessary ii.

skillsonline. Firing lines d. Charging equipment and accessories ii.6) a.5) 3(4.6) 4(4.6) e. Test i. Carry out blast area clean-up c.net. Prepare shot for initiation b.Name of person being assessed Elements and Performance Criteria I can state that the person being assessed can: c.6) 3(4.7) 4(4. Detonators iii. Prepare reports as required by • site procedures • legislative requirements 2(4.7) 16 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.au . Carry out required maintenance of charging equipment and accessories Comp Unit Ref Yes / No I need further development and / or experience in 2(4. Notify relevant people that the shot is ready for connection 5 Clean up & report site and legislative requirements 1(2.

THE USE OF ICONS The icons used throughout the Learner Workbook are: Write / Draw Write or draw answers in the spaces provided in this Learner’s Workbook. Technical Information Refer to technical information. Video / Multimedia Watch a video or other multimedia resource Activity These activities require you to locate and use training resources. Safety You must follow safety procedures or wear protective equipment Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . but may also include relevant standards and site information.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 17 . For the most part this will be an accompanying Learner Resource. Read Read as directed. Danger The activities are potentially dangerous.

2.1 REVIEW QUESTIONS: PREPARE FOR CHARGING Write / Draw The following questions will provide you with an opportunity to see how much you know about the contents of this section.au .skillsonline. 18 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.net.

What are key hazards you face when charging blastholes with explosives at your site? (List at least six key hazards under each the four headings below) Procedural hazards Working environment hazards Equipment & materials hazards Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes .Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 19 .1.

People hazards b.net.au . List at least ten steps in charging blastholes. 20 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.skillsonline.

converts rapidly to gases)? Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . when ignited. What sorts of things are included in a blast design / plan (outline at least four of those things especially relating to charging of blastholes)? d. and because it has its own in-built source of oxygen.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 21 .c. What safety considerations are there in mixing explosives (remembering that an explosive is a chemical compound that.

List at least ten things that might cause an emergency to arise.e.net.au .skillsonline. What steps do you take to coordinate charging activities with others who may be in the area or who may wander innocently into the charging area? 22 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www. f.

g. List (at least eight) actions in checking the blast area and blastholes. Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . h.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 23 . Describe at least four key precautions that you take when you store explosives on the job.

How do you prevent a premature initiation with signal tube initiators? 24 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.i.net.au .skillsonline.

the information in Learner Resource 2 Charging Blastholes and the sample procedure contained below. fumes or smoke. responsibilities.3 Verification and Auditing Guidelines The verification that requirements of this procedure have been carried out will be evidenced by: (insert the name of a person or the position of that person who will check that the procedure is being followed. SAFE CHARGING PROCEDURE FOR (Scope . and how improvements are made.you may need to specify what type of charging this procedure applies to eg normal production. avoiding serious injury or death or health issue relating to dust. Discuss your procedure or the sample with your shotfirer. As part of this Task you will have to adapt the sample to your site / scope. Trainer or manager so that you understand the aim of the procedure. Write / Draw Revise your site’s procedure or the sample procedure. by whom and when. damage to site equipment. efficient and effective manner. and discuss your review with the shotfirer before discussing your review with your supervisor. Make notes on the copy of your site procedure or on the sample procedure. as well as the information in Learner Resource 2 Charging Blastholes. Safety The activities will require you to move around the mine/ quarry site and you must follow safety procedures and wear personal protective equipment.1 Aim / Intent / Policy / Purpose of the SWP / SOP To allow charging of blastholes in a safe. eg the shotfirer’s supervisor or a person qualified in blasting) Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . This task gets you to access your site procedures. or the sample below. supervisor. SWP / SOP # . secondary breaking etc) 1.LEARNING & ASSESSMENT TASK 2. pre-splitting.1A – CHARGING PROCEDURE Assessment Obtain a copy of your site’s charging procedures.2 Definitions (add any specific terminology required for the scope or for your site – see for example the Glossary in your Learners Resource) 1. why each precaution must be taken. 1. Technical Information You will need to look at your site procedures for charging. loss of production. environmental damage.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 25 . look at one for charging holes and think about any differences between yours. or review the sample procedure below.SAMPLE CHARGING PROCEDURE (adapt to your site/scope) 1.

Review likely environmental impacts such as airblast overpressure and ground vibration limits 7.) Workplace inspection checklists. In the event that there are two changes. instruction and supervision by shotfirer. the shotfirer will undertake a formal risk assessment involving the shot crew and others involved in the changes. 1. back-break. including any security requirements.7 Procedure 1. and express concerns in the appropriate manner in support of the aim/intent/policy/purpose. incidents. etc. and controls firing.) Audit / verification forms. Notify others of the charging and firing activities and set exclusion zones 3. Supports the shotfirer with additional information as required. 1. Safety Manager: reviews the procedure in light of reviews. Reviews the procedure whenever there is a significant change in location or task. or expressions of concerns by anyone. procedures and implement risk controls.au . Shot crew & Employees: stay alert to hazards. Provides adequate resources.4 Responsibilities Site Manager (or delegate): approves the procedure and ensures/checks that it is being followed. Check equipment. safety alerts. the shotfirer will conduct an informal risk assessment/JSA with the shot crew. in the event of one change. blastholes and other work in the vicinity – this check covers many things such as geological features in the face. firing position. Shotfirer: supervises shot crew.skillsonline. checking also the weather conditions during charging and at the time of the blast 2. (Note: informal risk assessments may have a particular name such as Take 5. Information.5 Employee Information and Training Access at any time to SWP / SOP.1. Review emergency procedures 6. follow instructions.6 Forms / Supporting Documents / Related Documents Risk assessment / JSA forms – informal and formal. (does you site have other forms relating to charging activities?) 1. take part in risk assessments / JSAs. as well as protecting other holes not being charged 4. Organise explosives. investigation findings. Hands over control to shotfirer at time of firing. equipment. Training in blasting / charging procedures and involvement in their review. Involvement in risk assessments. Conduct an inspection of the face. Verify blast plan for the shot and proposed time of firing. people and coordinate activities 5. blast area. information from manufacturers/suppliers. Supervises blast plan. blasting accessories and calibration of mixes where appropriate (mainly for mobile mixing units) 26 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www. (Note: these may also include pre-start checks for equipment. muckpile profile and fragmentation.net. communication processes & facilities.

Fill the hole with correct type and amount of stemming 15. Connect the initiation 16. It should also be reviewed when a new shotfirer is appointed. Revisions Rev # Date Description By Checked Approved By Signed Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . Follow the post-blast procedure and report Procedure Review Process This procedure is to be reviewed whenever any incident. experience and understanding of the job. Measure height of explosive in the hole to ensure correct amount of stemming 14. Proceed with firing procedure and get clearances prior to firing 17. Review correct amounts and storage of explosives on-the-job 9. In any event this procedure should be reviewed no later than every three years.8.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 27 . Confirm site clearance. Fill each blasthole with correct amount of explosive 13. securing downline or lead wires at collar 12. Prepare all primers with appropriate delays and lower primers into holes. as well as any precautions especially no smoking 10. alert or other information suggests a review. Check crew knowledge. sentry arrangements and firing responsibilities 11.

Safety The activities will require you to move around the mine site and you must follow safety procedures and wear personal protective equipment. and locate any particular checklists for blasting.skillsonline. A workplace inspection is a structured look at work being done in a particular area and is a way of looking at what should be there. and would not be able to describe all the checks in any particular order. Your site procedures for Workplace Inspections. Suggested checklist as shown below.au . or the. 28 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www. the space provided indicates that you don’t have to write copious amounts of information. Technical Information You will need to look at: 1. not just what is there.1B –CHECKING THE BLAST AREA AND BLASTHOLES Activity Conduct a Workplace Inspection of a shot being charged. However. You might also discuss ‘workplace inspections’ with your Trainer Write / Draw Write your observation and comments in the spaces provided in the checklist.net. 2. A ‘workplace inspection’ is a bit like a pre-start check that looks a bit wider than just at a vehicle in the case of a vehicle pre-start. A check of the blast location. and anything that will be affected by the blast is needed. Ask ‘why’ if you see something (including anything in the sample below) that appears odd or wrong and add comments in the right-hand column.LEARNING & ASSESSMENT TASK 2. so look beyond the obvious and record positive items as well (make a note of good things being done that are not included in the checklist). Use a workplace inspection checklist from your site or use the sample below. Most shotfirers and operation managers do this automatically. so you may not be able to locate a Workplace Inspection Checklist for this activity (see the sample included in your Workbook). not a way to trap people. or about to be charged. It is a way to find out what might be improved. if there is insufficient space use an extra sheet of paper.

Stored on-the-job safely and separately. wires. Transported safely and separately. 1.WORKPLACE INSPECTION CHECKLIST FOR CHARGING BLASTHOLES Mine / Quarry / Site being Inspected: Persons inspecting: Legend – record in “RESULTS” column Date of Inspection 3 = Standard met 5 = action required Result Comments/Actions N/A = Not applicable to this site Item 1. Blasting initiators & accessories ready & checked • shock / signal tube.1 Observation PREPARING TO CHARGE BLASTHOLES SHOTFIRER Confirm person in charge. Sentries available to block access to exclusion area when firing.0 1.4 OTHER PEOPLE / WORK BEING DONE NEARBY Do these people know that holes are being charged? Unauthorised people and traffic controlled.depends on nature of site operations). and who knew what to collect and in the correct amounts.2 EXPLOSIVES Collected from storage by person with UHL. • exploder (Shotfirer has control of exploder during charging) 1. Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . showing • amounts of explosive required for each blasthole or for the average blasthole • delays for each blasthole or for the overall pattern 1. Able to supervise others handling explosives (from a security perspective). No hot work / fire potential within 10m and that work being done with suitable fire control at the ready.Sample . Sirens available when firing. In possession of blast plan. Procedure for checking site prior to firing.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 29 .3 BLASTING SIGNS Erected where necessary (only needed if someone could stray into the area . Clearing of equipment from area prior to hook-up.

6 BLASTHOLES Inspected prior to loading • checked for depth and obstructions • checked against drilling record • agrees with blast plan regarding angle of blasthole and direction • still suitable in relation to distance from face • collars cleared from fall-back.au . phones.7 CHARGING CREW No smoking implements. PPE. Rubbish & flammable material cleared from within 15m. Appointment of person who will clear the site prior to firing. radios.5 Observation CHARGING LOCATION Cleared of unnecessary items or potential projectiles. Blastholes not being charged are ‘plugged’.Mine / Quarry / Site being Inspected: Persons inspecting: Legend – record in “RESULTS” column Date of Inspection 3 = Standard met Result 5 = action required Comments/Actions N/A = Not applicable to this site Item 1.8 STEMMING MATERIAL Provided and of suitable size (less than 1/10th of diameter of blasthole). Firing location known / safe. 30 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www. 1. 1.net.skillsonline. 1.

Mine / Quarry / Site being Inspected: Persons inspecting: Legend – record in “RESULTS” column Date of Inspection 3 = Standard met Result 5 = action required Comments/Actions N/A = Not applicable to this site Item 2. Checked.3 LOADING MAIN CHARGE Mobile mixing unit checked.0 2.2 PRIMERS Made up and laid out next to each hole or lowered into blastholes progressively. Check of explosive product (if using a mobile mixing unit) COMMENTS Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . reviewed.1 Observation CHARGING BLASTHOLES SAFE WORK PROCEDURE / STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE Available.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 31 . 2. 2.

skillsonline.au .2 REVIEW QUESTIONS: MIXING / MANUFACTURING EXPLOSIVES Write / Draw The following questions will provide you with an opportunity to see how much you know about the contents of this section.2. 32 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.net.

1. How could you calibrate a truck that mixes AN and FO to manufacture an explosive? Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . What are the proportions of AN and FO in ANFO? 3. What are at least six advantages in bulk mixing of explosives such as emulsions? 4.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 33 . What are the main advantages and disadvantages of ANFO? 2.

1 What is the correct mixture by weight for AN and FO? 34 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www. Safety The activities will require you to move around the mine site and you must follow safety procedures and wear personal protective equipment.skillsonline. Technical Information You could use the Diagram below (from your Resource Manual) that compares weight of AN prill with the volume of distillate in litres.2A .8grams per cubic centimetre (g/cc) or 800kg per cubic metre.LEARNING & ASSESSMENT TASK 2. Alternatively you could convert the amount of AN to cubic metres (1cubic metre = 1000litres) and work out how many litres of diesel you need. but you may not need this measure) Discuss with anyone who is responsible for mixing ANFO or manufacturing emulsions the key safety precautions they take when mixing / manufacturing.au . (Note: AN has a density of 0. 2. by using the volume ratio for AN and FO. or you could calculate the weight by the correct formula for the mixture of AN and FO.2A. Write / Draw Write your answer in the space provided.MIXING ANFO Activity Work out how much FO (either in kg of FO or in litres) you will need to mix with 4 tonnes of AN. If there is insufficient space use an extra sheet of paper.net.

2.2A.2A.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 35 .2A. list at least four of the key safety precautions they take when mixing / manufacturing.2 What is the correct mixture by volume for AN and FO? 2.4 How many litres of FO are required for 4 tonnes of AN prill. if 40 kg requires 3 litres of FO? 2.3 How many kilograms weight of AN are there in 4 tonnes of AN? 2.5 After discussions with anyone who is responsible for mixing ANFO or manufacturing emulsions.2A. Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes .

LEARNING & ASSESSMENT TASK 2.net. hazards or suggesting improvements. Write / Draw Write your answer in the space provided. Safety The activities will require you to move around the mine site and you must follow safety procedures and wear personal protective equipment.skillsonline. This task gets you to check your site’s pre-start requirements and approach to reporting defects. what is the process for reporting nonconformances or improvements that may be required? Do you have a hazard reporting system at your site? If so.au . If there is insufficient space use an extra sheet of paper. What does your site require in such a check – is there a pre-start checklist? Have you found any defects or non-conformances? If you have. right through to you getting feedback about what has happened as a consequence of your report.2B – CHECKING EQUIPMENT Activity Select a vehicle used in charging a shot or an item of equipment such as an ANFO loading kettle for loading blastholes and conduct a check. Technical Information You will probably find a checklist to help you check the vehicle or item of equipment.2B.1 Briefly describe the vehicle or item of equipment …and describe the main risks as far as explosives usage is concerned 36 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www. 2. list the steps involved in you making the report.

2.2B.2 List the checks required.

2.2B.3 Did you find any defects or non-conformances?

Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes - Sites other than Underground Coal Mines

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2.2B.4 If you found defects or non-conformances, what is the process for reporting them or improvements that may be required?

…and is this the same process for suggesting improvements? If not, briefly outline that process.

2.2B.5 Do you have a hazard reporting system at your site? If so, list the steps involved in you making the report, right through to you getting feedback about what has happened as a consequence of your report.

38 | LW2

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Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes - Sites other than Underground Coal Mines

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3 Write / Draw The following questions will provide you with an opportunity to see how much you know about the contents of this section.2.au .skillsonline. REVIEW QUESTIONS: PRIME BLASTHOLES 40 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.net.

When do you prepare primers? … and what precautions do you take when you do? (list at least eight precautions) Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes .Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 41 . What factors should be considered when selecting a primer? 2.1.

PRIMING BLASTHOLES Assessment Obtain a copy of a typical blast plan and describe the priming used for this blast. Technical Information You may need to draw a typical blasthole to illustrate key features of priming charges.3 .3. and what is the preferred option? LEARNING & ASSESSMENT TASK 2. Make an illustration of a typical hole and outline keys steps in priming blastholes. Safety The activities will require you to move around the mine site and you must follow safety procedures and wear personal protective equipment. Discuss this with the shotfirer before you discuss it with your supervisor. If there is insufficient space use an extra sheet of paper. 42 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.skillsonline. What are the choices when locating a primer in a blasthole.net. Use the diagrams on the following pages to help describe your priming arrangements. Write / Draw Write your answer in the space provided.au .

Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 43 .PRIMING ARRANGEMENTS Choose this diagram for surface shots and for major production shots underground – otherwise choose the next diagram for underground development shots KEY FEATURES OF THE PRIMING PROCEDURE (the first thing that is done is to…) (the next step is to…) (then we…) (then we…) (then we…) (then we…) (then we…) (then we…) VARIATIONS (do you do different things for example if the holes are longer. or wet?)… Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes .

au .METHOD OF INITIATING THE PRIMING CHARGE (draw a diagram of. or describe the way you attach the downline or detonator to the main priming initiating explosive) Choose this diagram for underground development shots KEY FEATURES OF THE PRIMING PROCEDURE (the first thing that is done is to…) (the next step is to…) (then we…) (then we…) (then we…) (then we…) (then we…) (then we…) VARIATIONS (do you do different things for example if the holes are longer. or wet?) 44 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.net.skillsonline.

Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 45 . or describe the way you attach the downline or detonator to the main priming initiating explosive) Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes .METHOD OF INITIATING THE PRIMING CHARGE (draw a diagram of.

4 Write / Draw The following questions will provide you with an opportunity to see how much you know about the contents of this section.au .net.skillsonline.2. REVIEW QUESTIONS: LOAD THE MAIN CHARGE 46 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.

When you have a blasthole that contains water. 2.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 47 . how would you charge it? Refer to typical blastholes that you most commonly charge. What is a good rule of thumb for the size of stemming material? Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes .1. What are (at least six) good reasons for stemming blastholes? 3.

au . 48 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www. What length of stemming in relation to the blast pattern or layout should you use? … and how do you check that the right length of blasthole has been left uncharged? 5. List some alternatives to crushed aggregate for stemming material.skillsonline.4. 6. List some safety rules for stemming practice.net.

7.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 49 . How could you load a blasthole that has cavities? Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes .

4. or does the shotfirer know how much explosive is expected to fill the blasthole to the required stemming height? 50 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www. It is an activity that relates to a production blast. Safety The activities will require you to move around the mine site and you must follow safety procedures and wear personal protective equipment. and into a stope. If there is insufficient space use an extra sheet of paper. tamping and stemming blastholes. 2.1 Does the blast plan show. In your comparison discuss any differences between the two contracts and what are the implications for any omissions. Write / Draw Write your answers in the spaces provided. 4 – LOADING & DIPPING THE MAIN CHARGE Please take into consideration any confidentiality requirements when reporting information from any blasting contractor. for every blasthole? 2. Technical Information The resource that accompanies this Learners’ Workbook contains information about methods of charging.4.skillsonline. Describe the process and the device that the shotfirer uses to test the height of explosive rising in the blasthole.au . Assessment This activity will take an underground development miner away from their normal workplace. The same activity applies to all surface shots. Find out how your site or a site makes sure that a major blasthole is not over-charged.2 Does the blast plan show. or does the shotfirer know what length of stemming is planned.LEARNING & ASSESSMENT TASK 2.net. either on the surface or underground.

5 What happens if the amount of explosive being poured down a blasthole doesn’t come up to the expected height in the blasthole? Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes .Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 51 .4.4.4.3 Do the people who are pouring the explosive down the blasthole monitor the amount going down? 2.4 Does the shotfirer or the person responsible for charging the blasthole have anything to help measure the explosive rising in the blasthole? 2.2.

REPORT SITE & LEGISLATIVE REQUIREMENTS Write / Draw The following questions will provide you with an opportunity to see how much you know about the contents of this section.skillsonline. 52 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.au .5 REVIEW QUESTIONS: CLEAN-UP .net.2.

Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 53 . What are two key ‘licences’ that a shotfirer will need to keep current? Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . List at least four of the key records that a shotfirer will maintain. 2.1.

5 – REPORTING / RECORDING Activity Find out what blast records are kept on your site and examine the sections that tell whether or not the charging procedure went according to expectations.skillsonline. Safety The activities will require you to move around the mine site and you must follow safety procedures and wear personal protective equipment. If your charging were not to go according to expectations. LEARNING & ASSESSMENT TASK 2. 54 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www. Technical Information You will need to discuss a blast plan with a senior blasting supervisor.net. who would need to know and what might they do following your report? Respond to the questions below. you will undertake some cleaning up in preparation for final connections and leaving the blast area while the shotfirer starts the hookup. Write / Draw Write your answer in the space provided.4. List at least four ways in which you will help prepare to evacuate the area. At the completion of charging blastholes. If there is insufficient space use an extra sheet of paper.au .

3 Are there diagrams (for example of individual holes) that go with any detail recorded? Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes .5.2 What items are recorded to show that the charging went to plan? 2.5.1 What blast plans are kept.5.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 55 .2. and what detail do they record? 2.

skillsonline.5.net.5.4 Does the shotfirer know if anyone has recorded difficulties (including non-conformances) on a plan? 2.2.au .6 Whose job is it to hear about difficulties with charging blastholes and what would they do to fix any problems? 56 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.

Work Journal/Log Book Work observation checklists Third party report On-site documentation/written work Oral questions Statutory declarations Other Other Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . Gather evidence for at least 6 blasts including 2 different types of blasts.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 57 .RECORD OF LEARNING EVIDENCE GATHERED DURING OFF-THE-JOB TRAINING. RPL Portfolio of evidence of previous training. work or experience in shotfiring RPL Challenge test Completion of Review Questions in Learner Workbook Oral questions Participation in training sessions Observation checklists for practical situations / simulation Completion of Learning & Assessment Tasks in Learner Workbook Assessment feedback Other Other EVIDENCE GATHERED DURING ON-THE-JOB TRAINING.

who was the prime contact.skillsonline. and any specific result.net. Checking weather & blast site for geology etc 58 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www. task. Prepare for charging a.WHAT HAVE YOU DONE REGARDING CHARGING BLASTHOLES FOR ITEMS IN THE TABLE BELOW? Charging Blastholes What have you done? (Provide a brief description of your work in each or any of the topics. Checking plans and procedures b. Attach a copy of documents where appropriate) 1.au . the date.

the date.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 59 . Isolating the area d. who was the prime contact. Preventing premature initiation Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes .Charging Blastholes What have you done? (Provide a brief description of your work in each or any of the topics. Attach a copy of documents where appropriate) c. and any specific result. Checking blastholes e. Storing explosives on the job properly f. task.

and their maintenance a.net. task.au . who was the prime contact. and any specific result.skillsonline. Checking vehicles. Check vehicles & equipment.Charging Blastholes What have you done? (Provide a brief description of your work in each or any of the topics. the date. Checking & maintaining charging & blasting equipment 60 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www. equipment & delivery b Mixing / manufacturing explosives c. Attach a copy of documents where appropriate) 2.

Prime blastholes a. the date. Understanding priming options b. Making up primers c. task. Placing primers into blastholes Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . who was the prime contact. and any specific result.Charging Blastholes What have you done? (Provide a brief description of your work in each or any of the topics.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 61 . Attach a copy of documents where appropriate) 3.

Load the main charge a.skillsonline.au .Charging Blastholes What have you done? (Provide a brief description of your work in each or any of the topics. task.net. the date. Attach a copy of documents where appropriate) 4. Dipping & tamping blastholes c. who was the prime contact. and any specific result. Loading deck-charges b. Stemming 62 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.

who was the prime contact. the date.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 63 . task. Cleaning-up b. and any specific result. record and report a. Clean-up. Attach a copy of documents where appropriate) 5. Maintaining statutory documentation Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes .Charging Blastholes What have you done? (Provide a brief description of your work in each or any of the topics. Keeping various records c.

net. task. toolbox talks. or used the journal below that shows that you have: Done any or all of the following practical work? Conducted risk assessments prior to blasting Yes / no Comments Reviewed charging procedures at least once Attended at least six precharging briefings. for example.skillsonline. Attach a copy of documents where appropriate) d. compiled a work journal. who was the prime contact. the date. and any specific result.Charging Blastholes What have you done? (Provide a brief description of your work in each or any of the topics.au . Recording blasthole drilling Have you. or coordination meetings 64 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.

Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 65 .Done any or all of the following practical work? Taken action to control the risks associated with charging shots on at least three occasions Yes / no Comments Checked vehicles or equipment associated with blasting prior to use. or on arrival on site or onthe-job. on at least six occasions Mixed or been involved in manufacturing explosives on at least six occasions (this could also include checking the product from a mobile manufacturing / processing unit) Checking and maintaining charging & blasting equipment on at least six occasions Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes .

net.Done any or all of the following practical work? Primed blastholes on at least twelve shots Yes / no Comments Loaded or involved with the loading of the main charge on at least twelve shots (this could be the same twelve shots as for the priming) Cleaned up after at least twelve shots Maintained various records of blasting of at least three different types of records 66 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.skillsonline.au .

peers and others to support the making of a judgement. Therefore third party evidence can be essential piece of evidence in the assessment process.Practical Observation Third party verification reports: MODULE 2 CHARGING BLASTHOLES Write / Draw Who should complete this document and why? Third party evidence is evidence gathered from workplace supervisors. Please place a tick ( 3 ) or cross ( 5 ) in the boxes as applicable to verify Learner’s competence in the areas listed below. Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . An assessor cannot always observe a learner for a long period of time and some competency standards are difficult to observe. The following checklist can be used by assessors and also adapted for use by third parties to verify their observations of the trainee applying their learning.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 67 .

clarify and confirm charging requirements from the shotfirer for the charging work 1(1.2) b.4) d.1) 68 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.1) 2(1. RIIBLA303 Conduct Underground Development Shotfiring 4.net. interpret. RIIBLA301 Conduct Surface Shotfiring Operations 3.skillsonline. Conduct a preliminary site inspection as necessary iv. interpret and apply safety information ii. Recognise hazardous situations and i.2) 1(1.1) 2(1. Prepare to respond to emergency situations 2(3.3) 1(1.Name of person being assessed The following are the views of third parties in assessing against a compilation of elements & performance criteria from the following competencies: 1.1) 2(1. and i. RIIBLA304 Conduct Underground Production Shotfiring Note: these Units replace Competency Units: MNCO1041A Support Shotfiring Operations MNMG313A Charge Blastholes MNMG352A Apply Blasting Activities MNMG353A Fire Surface Shots MNCO1040A Conduct Shotfiring Operations MNQOPS413A Conduct Shotfiring MNCU1048A Conduct Shotfiring MNCU1049A Support shotfiring operations MNMG323A Charge Development Blastholes MNMG321A Charge Production Blastholes Yes / No The person needs further development and / or experience in Elements and Performance Criteria I can state that the person being assessed can: 1 Prepare for charging Comp Unit Ref 1(1) 2(1) 3(1) 4(1) a.3) 2(1.3) 2(1. Conduct a risk assessment of those hazards 1(1. Receive blasthole charging briefings.au . Obtain. Access and apply procedures iii.1) 1(1. RIIBLA201 Support Surface Shotfiring Operations 2. Identify potential hazards relating to • the charging plan • charging procedures • the working environment • charging equipment & materials • people c. Access.2) 3(1.3) 4(1.5) 3(1.1) 3(1.5) 3(3.1) 4(1.2) 4(1.

6) 1(1. Check blastholes iii. 3.4) 2(3.2) 2(1. Interpret these in relation to charging ii.1. Collect and transport explosives and accessories to the blast site in accordance with • Site procedures and • Legal obligations j.1 – 2. Coordinate with others working in areas that might be affected by charging iv. 1.3) 1(2.2) 2(1.6) 4(3. Coordinate blasthole charging support requirements including i.5) 4(1. Recognise key issues of • geological structures • blasthole and blast area measurements • weather conditions that might cause a problem while charging g. 1.5) h. Work in accordance with site procedures and ii.8) 3(1. Resolve issues with coordination of activities affected by charging i.5) Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . Identify quantities and types of explosives and associated materials / equipment for different blasthole charging applications Comp Unit Ref Yes / No The person needs further development and / or experience in 1(1.3. Follow manufacturers instructions f. Clear blastholes 1(1. Access charging procedures and i. Establish the blast area and i.3) 1(1.7.1.4. 3.2) 2(3.4) 3(3.4. Access geological. Establish a suitable exclusion zone k.2) 3(1.6) 1(1.3.4) 2 (2.6) 1(2.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 69 .4) 2(1.1) 2(3.7) 2(1. 3.5) 1(1. Site notification iii. Check the survey and measurements ii.6) 3(1. Comply with legal obligations v.2) 4(3. 3.5) 4(1. Mix / manufacture explosive supplies • and equipment checks ii. 3. Complete the check of the blast site i.Name of person being assessed Elements and Performance Criteria I can state that the person being assessed can: e. blasthole survey and weather information and i. Erect signs / barricades as appropriate ii.

skillsonline. Calibrate the mixed or manufactured product d. Maintain the mixing / manufacturing equipment e. Select the best option • for a range of blasthole charging situations 70 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www. Deliver or have delivered the explosives to the blast area and blastholes 1(2. Check people involved. affected or at risk from the mixing / manufacturing b. Identify hazards and assessing risks in the mixing / manufacturing area iii. Implement procedures for mixing / manufacturing • for the range of products required ii. Identify priming options and i. Prepare the necessary reports of the mixed / manufactured products 3 Prime blastholes a.Name of person being assessed Elements and Performance Criteria I can state that the person being assessed can: 2 Mix & manufacture explosives Comp Unit Ref Yes / No The person needs further development and / or experience in 1(2.au .net.2) a. Check mixing / manufacturing vehicles or equipment iv.3) c. Mix or manufacture explosives as required i.

Wait until the explosive column has settled v.3) 3(3. After conducting pre-start checks on equipment and materials • Determine the equipment / material serviceability for the task. Check that signs such as ‘charging in progress’ had been erected / installed in accordance with procedures iii.Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 71 .4) 4(4. Secure the line to the primer 2(4.1) 4(4. • Secure the site from unauthorised entry • Implement safety procedures such as safety harnesses etc when working in places where falls could occur iv.5) a.2) 3(4. Stem whenever necessary ii.Name of person being assessed Elements and Performance Criteria I can state that the person being assessed can: b. Place primers correctly into blastholes • for single primed blastholes • for double or multiple primed blastholes • secure the primer while loading the main charge 4 Load the main charge of explosives 2(4. After checks of the charging area.1) c.2) 4(4.4) 2(4. Stem the blastholes as required by procedures i.2) 2(4. Select correct stemming materials iv.3) 2(3. Charge blastholes safely i. Make up primers in accordance with procedures Comp Unit Ref Yes / No The person needs further development and / or experience in 3(4. or • Report the equipment for repairs by an authorised repair person b.5) Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes . Be a part of the shot team ii. Stem properly vi. Establish stemming material stockpiles iii.5) 4(3.2) 1(2.

Prepare reports as required by • site procedures • legislative requirements 2(4. Charging equipment and accessories ii.6) 4(4. Notify relevant people that the shot is ready for connection 5 Clean up & report site and legislative requirements 1(2.net. Prepare shot for initiation b.6) e.7) 4(4. Carry out required maintenance of charging equipment and accessories Comp Unit Ref Yes / No The person needs further development and / or experience in 2(4.5) 3(4.Name of person being assessed Elements and Performance Criteria I can state that the person being assessed can: c. Test i. Firing lines d. Detonators iii.6) 3(4.au . Carry out blast area clean-up c.skillsonline.7) 72 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.6) a.

Signatures: Third Party Name: Role: Licence. or ‘ticket’ number: Signarture: Learner Name: Signarture: Assessor/Instructor Name: Signarture: Supervisor Name: Signarture: Comments Date: Date: Date: Date: Shotfiring Course | Learners Workbook 2: Charging Blastholes .Sites other than Underground Coal Mines LW2 | 73 .

au .Notes 74 | LW2 V1 2009 © Department of Education and Training | www.net.skillsonline.