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REPUBLIC OF KENYA MINISTRY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION Medium Term Plan for 2008 – 2012

FINAL DRAFT

March 2008

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E X E C U T I V E S U M M A RY
It is globally recognized that science, technology and innovation is essential for the economic growth and competitiveness of all nations. Science, technology and innovation is also a key component of social integration, sustainable development and poverty eradication based on equity, freedom, justice, governance, peace and prosperity. At the international level, Science, technology and innovation acts as a tool of international co-operation and solidarity. It is useful for knowledge and information and facilitating globalization with human development while concomitantly strengthening national governance and acting as a vector of common heritage and international cooperation and solidarity. In the context of the overall national planning horizon, there is a very strong relationship between the social, economic and political pillars of the Kenya Vision 2030. As the foundation upon which the pillars spring the implementation of the relevant ST&I, it must be successfully delivered in order to achieve the goals of the Vision. Economically, developments in ST&I, especially biotechnology, value – addition, manufacturing, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) will result in industrial and entrepreneurial development with new products and services, and areas of economic growth. In terms of human welfare that underpins the social pillar, increased ST&I capabilities will help in addressing the challenges associated with poverty reduction and hunger by raising agricultural productivity and contribution to economic development. They will determine the ability to provide clean water, good health, adequate infrastructure, and safe food and also support the creation of high quality and better paying jobs, produce generics and help to dramatically cut the cost of healthcare to the poor. Generally ST&I will help achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). ST&I capabilities will also be critical in ensuring sustainable development associated with natural resource management and disasters. ICT will increase access to education by facilitating virtual learning. ST&I capabilities will also promote sustainable development, especially: • Social integration by stopping exclusion and marginalization, through

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equality of scientific, educational and cultural opportunities • • • Development, conservation and sustainable management of biodiversity Sharing the opportunities and benefits of the knowledge society and economy Development and strengthening of local and indigenous knowledge and culture • Empowerment of women

The contribution of ST&I to political stability and to domestic and international security are many. Over time, economic growth fuelled by ST&I will increase social cohesion, stability, and democratization and eradicate conflicts in communities arising from wants. The capabilities will increase the ability of citizens to participate in democratic processes such as elections as related to economic advances and provide tools for checking not only government performance, but also the ability of anti-social groups that thrive. This Science, Technology and Innovation Sector Medium Term Plan has been prepared as part of the implementation of Vision 2030. The plan covers the 2007 – 2012 period and aims to: • Integrate science, technology and innovation (ST&I) policy into the broader framework of major economic strategies and policies, linking ST&I to national economic, social objectives and political goals; • • Reform ST&I institutions and the environment in which they operate Develop sound creative and innovative human capital with entrepreneurial skills; • Translate ST&I policy into improved production capacity, increased productivity and competitiveness • Maximize the reach and impact of scientific and technological knowledge and information as tools for participatory development • • Promote the ethical dimension of scientific and technological development Contribute to and promote international scientific and technological cooperation. The plan recognizes that there exists great research and development potential in the

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knowledge. processes and services. institutional and legal frameworks that address government aspirations. measures aimed at creating jobs.areas of agriculture. Globally. engineering. health. Specific areas of focus include the development of innovative ideas into products. existing training institutions for the mid-level technical personnel will enable Kenya to re-inventing itself in order to focus more and more on the role of Science. This makes it to incur higher costs in re-training staff for effective service delivery. Mid-level technical personnel do not have effective coordination and often lack critical resources and infrastructure to enable them effectively develop and integrate ST&I. ST&I Challenges Kenya faces a myriad number of challenges including enhancing the role of ST&I in the national development agenda. Technology and Innovation (ST&I) in socio-economic development. In addition. and the regional and international counterparts. and technological innovation. Inadequate entrepreneurship skills mean that this cadre of expertise faces a barrier in the creation of ST&I technology-based enterprises within the economy. Purveyors or developers of knowledge which constitute research institutions and universities have strong familiarity with the processes of new knowledge generation and offer expertise in governing interactive learning. The productive sector does not have commensurate expertise that constitutes graduates from respective institutions. Kenya has to overcome globalization of trade that has made it harder particularly for third world nations to use tangible or intangible trade barriers to protect domestic industry. knowledge intensive jobs and thus harness their potential fully. Currently. They have weak linkages with the productive sector. more than 60% of the Kenyan population is aged between 18 and 35 years. basic sciences. It is this group that efforts must be focused on in order to create high quality. However. The institutions are also unable to acquire. This plan prioritizes the social and regional equity in the development of technological infrastructure. safeguarding the environment against disasters and mitigating the effects of climate change. technical and entrepreneurial skills as well as define and supportive policies. forestry and environmental sciences. Lack of an integrative policy framework to facilitate effective integration of ST&I into the economy is an issue that needs urgent action. they are heavily inclined iv . maintain and retain modern equipment as well as personnel.

v . especially professionals. there will be equitable sharing of resources and development opportunities between gender with a move towards more investments in attracting and sustaining females. Various challenges in capacity building will need to be addressed at the stages of pre-employment and during employment: To competently develop skilled and knowledgeable workforce various components will be considered. middle-level skilled personnel and entrepreneurs. Human Resource To adequately deal with the issue of human resource. This will include creation of a core mass of a human resource base that supports ST&I development and sustainability. basic requirements at pre-employment. knowledge broker’s especially professional organizations are not actively contributing to new knowledge creation. and legislative environment. improve the work environment to make it more conducive for Kenyans to be employed and enhance flexibility in entry levels to allow for appropriate remuneration. This will be necessary to complement indigenous talents. In addition. the country will ensure adequate. As far as expatriates are concerned. nor interested. for example. performance-based compensation system. Affirmative action will be taken to provide greater opportunities for the utilization of the ST&I capabilities and the talents of the persons with disabilities. They have not succeeded in creating an overall system of learning and problem solving within which the capacity for knowledge flow and the creation of new knowledge is improved. Foreign workers are employed in lower-skilled and lower value-added jobs. as well as the services sector. The challenge is to reduce dependence on foreign workers over time. the challenge will be to attract foreign talents into the country. There is a need to promote automation. in R&D required by high technology industries. While pursuing issues of women and persons with disabilities vis avis ST&I. They include.towards public service particularly in agriculture and health. where Kenyans are not available. high quality and relevant graduates. planning for human resources. review of human capital. stakeholders’ expectations.

including health and eco-tourism. Facilitation is needed to ensure that knowledge between the industry and the academia is shared in order to contribute towards more market-driven R&D. petrochemicals. problem-solving and decision-making. Establishing networks between institutions of higher learning. for benefiting from globalization and for implementing large-scale research projects. In addition workforce in the 1723 age group will be considered with a view to making them adequately endowed with skills in targeted industries like ICT. This has impacted negatively on the demand for adequate human resources. Halal industry. education. creativity. As a result. Engineering and Technology. the ST&I activities of intermediate organizations are not aligned to national priorities. Engineering and Technology (SET) Skills There has been a recent decline in the supply of SET graduates. International co-operation in science and technology is important for meeting a broad range of global challenges. There is also waning interest for SET by potential trainees who constitute the youth. innovation. the long-term growth prospects of the country will be hampered. biotechnology. This will be boosted by reviewing all curricula to incorporate enabling skills. and promotion of the effectiveness of skills training programmes to enhance the employability and productivity of the labour force. Unless something drastic is done. Strategic Thrusts In order to give enough impetus to the role of ST&I. training and strengthening the internship programme for students at the tertiary level is of paramount importance. five strategic thrusts were vi . Collaboration The linkages between knowledge purveyors with the business system are generally weak. There is need to deliberately train Kenyans in Science. alumni and industry to enhance career development. A spirited attempt must be made to identify factors contributing to the mismatch in supply and demand of skilled and competent human resources.Science. and instituting benchmarking processes at all levels of the education system to standardize best practices in the education curricula. Knowledge generation in the Kenyan context is heavily supported by development partners who influence priorities of these organizations. tourism. particularly critical thinking.

Under these thrusts are identified programmes. Of major importance will be the reorganization of the exiting strictures governing the ST&I sector to realize the Kenya National Innovation System (KNIS). Enhancing ST&I Awareness and Strengthening the ST&I Performance Management Framework. industry and manufacturing products and services while ICT will the necessary stimulation and support needed for simplifying information search and registration procedures. Technology and Technology Skills and intensify innovativeness for competitiveness.developed. Industry and Manufacturing. It is noted that great room exists for improvement. and Information Communication Technology. Human Resource development. Public awareness is necessary to create the required support for ST&I investments which many times require large outlays with long payback periods. enabling sectors will include Infrastructure. Strengthening the Technical Capacities and Capabilities. Enabling Sectors Facilitation of ST&I will be undertaken to strengthen capabilities and capacities. communities to gain access to scientific and technological Innovation Kenya does not have a National Innovation System that would adequately address issues of appropriate and responsive intellectual property rights regimes. projects and their respective activities. increase transition to Science. Essentially enabling sectors will be exploited to avail a sound Technological foundation and innovation as well as the technological learning processes in order to enhance proper design and management of all facets of infrastructure. Intensification of Innovation in Priority Sector. Global competitiveness and innovativeness are needed for leapfrogging trade. The existing system does not effectively serve critical national needs. The extent to which IPR enables harnessing of indigenous knowledge and resources must be spelt out. The KNIS will provide an opportunity to articulate means for the promotion of coherence and vii . Towards this end. Developing and Retaining Highly Skilled Human Resources. They include. Trade. narrowing the digital divide and enabling and empowering opportunities. Challenges range from accessibility to the IPR regimes and benefits that accrue from innovators work. Supply of adequate and competent human resource necessary for rapid ST& I development will be emphasized. avail adequate human resource skills.

Implementation of the Medium Term Plan This MTP will be implemented through identified programmes and projects as well as within a framework of identified line Ministries. lead agencies and Stakeholders. development and implementation of various legal. In order to realize a KNIS there will be review. Autonomous bodies. viii . It will also be aimed at establishing and sustaining Kenya’s pride of place in the generation and management of science. SAGAs.integration among national activities targeted at enhancing the role of ST&I in the proposed Kenya Vision 2030 goals. technology and innovation. SAGAs and independent bodies as appropriate. institutional and regulatory frameworks with the aim of creating various management organs and offices. starting at Ministerial level.

1 Strategy One: Increase ST&I personnel and Improve ST&I skills _______________ 41 2.2.1 INTRODUCTION __________________________________________________________________ 64 ix .4.1 IMPORTANCE OF SCIENCE.2. AN OVERVIEW OF THE OVERALL KENYAN ST&I SECTOR CHALLENGE _____________________________ 2 1.4.1 Strategy One: Increase funding for ST&I ____________________________________ 49 2.4.1. Technology and Innovation Awareness ___________________ 18 1.TABLE OF CONTENTS E X E C U T I V E S U M M A R Y ___________________________________________________________ II TABLE OF CONTENTS ____________________________________________________________________IX LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS _________________________________________________________________XI GLOSSARY OF TERMS __________________________________________________________________ XIII LIST OF FIGURES _______________________________________________________________________ XVI 1 SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS _____________________________________________________________ 1 1.4.4. TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION TO ACHIEVEMENT OF KENYA VISION 20301 1.4 Strategy FOUR: Map and protect indigenous knowledge and technology ___ 53 2. Intensification of Innovation in Priority Sectors __________________________________ 17 1.1 INTRODUCTION __________________________________________________________________ 20 2.3.3 Strategy THREE: Improve knowledge transformation and strengthen the IPR regime 52 2.3.5.4.3.4.6 Strategy SIX: Quality Assurance and Standards _____________________________ 55 2.4.5.4 Strategy Four: Developing Capacity and Capabilities for New And Emerging Technologies _____________________________________________________________________ 36 2.1 Strategy One: Enhancing the Level and Depth of Public Awareness of ST&I To Facilitate Support For The Sector and Utilization of its Outputs ________________________ 57 2.5 STRATEGIC THRUST FOUR: SCIENCE.2 Strategy Two: Improve capacities and capabilities of ST&I Institutions ________ 32 2.3 Strategy Three: Improve ST&I Infrastructure and equipment _________________ 35 2.1 Strategy One: Improve production processes ______________________________ 21 2.2. STRATEGIC PRIORITIES AND PROSPECTS FOR 2008 – 2012 ____________________________________ 14 1.2. Strengthening Technical Capacities and Capabilities __________________________ 14 1.7 COORDINATION WITH ONGOING ST&I PROJECTS _______________________________________ 61 3 4 OTHER PROGRAMMES______________________________________________________________ 62 KEY ENABLING SECTORS FOR SCIENCE.4 STRATEGIC THRUST THREE: INTENSIFICATION OF INNOVATION IN PRIORITY AREAS _________________ 49 2.2 Strategy Two: Enhance technopreneurial skills and support services _________ 47 2.4. TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION AWARENESS ______________ 56 2.6 STRATEGIC THRUST FIVE: STRENGTHENING THE SCIENCE.4.4.2 Strategy Two: Improve collaborations and linkages in ST&I __________________ 51 2. TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION ______________ 64 4.__________________________________________ 20 2.3.5 Strategy FIVE: National ST&I Reward and Recognition System _______________ 54 2. TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK ______________________________________________________________ 59 2.1 Strategy One: Facilitate Targeted Performance for Effective Implementation Of ST&I Interventions__________________________________________________________________ 59 2. Enhancing Science. SECTORAL ST&I CHALLENGES IN KENYA ___________________________________________________ 5 1. Developing a Highly Skilled Human Resource Base_____________________________ 17 1.4.3 STRATEGIC THRUST TWO: DEVELOPMENT OF HIGHLY SKILLED HUMAN RESOURCES _______________ 41 2.4.2 STRATEGIC THRUST ONE: STRENGTHENING TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES ____________ 21 2.6.4.2. Strengthening the STI Performance Management Framework __________________ 19 2 FLAGSHIP PROGRAMMES FOR VISION 2030.

2.2 Strategies to Implement Policy ____________________________________________ 5.2.2 REGULATORY INSTITUTIONS _______________________________________________________ 5.2.2 SCIENCE.1 INFRASTRUCTURE SECTOR _________________________________________________ 4. PROPOSED POLICY.4 FUNDING ST&I ________________________________________________________________ 6. REGULATORY AND INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS __________________________ 5.10 WHOLESALE & RETAIL SECTOR _____________________________________________ 4.2.2.2.1 POLICY INSTITUTIONS ____________________________________________________________ 5.2.2.12 FINANCIAL SERVICES SECTOR ______________________________________________ 4.4.2.4. SECURITY AND RULE OF LAW SECTOR _______________________ 4.14 Health SECTOR ___________________________________________________________ 4.1 INTRODUCTION __________________________________________________________________ 5.2.2.4.1 Strategic Policy Objective 1 _______________________________________________ 5.2.2 EDUCATION SECTOR ______________________________________________________ 4.2. Youth and Vulnerable Groups SECTOR ____________________________ 64 64 65 65 66 66 66 67 67 68 68 68 69 69 69 70 70 5.4 INSTITUTIONS ____________________________________________________________________ 5. 2 0 0 8 .15 Environment.2. Water and Sanitation SECTOR ________________________________ 4.2.16 Gender.2.2.1 MEDIUM TERM PLAIN IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX.0.2 0 1 2 ________________________________________________________________________ 71 5.3 IMPLEMENTING INSTITUTIONS ______________________________________________________ 5.3 Strategic Policy Objective 2 _______________________________________________ 5. TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION KEY ENABLING SECTORS ROLE _____________________ 4.3 LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT SECTOR _______________________________________ 4.8 MANUFACTURING SECTOR SECTOR ________________________________________ 4.6 Strategies to Implement Policy ____________________________________________ 5.7 Strategic Policy Objective 4 _______________________________________________ 5.2.5 Strategic Policy Objective 3 _______________________________________________ 5.2.2.8 Strategies to Implement Policy ____________________________________________ 5.2.9 GOVERNANCE. I M P L E M E N T A T I O N F R A M E W O R K O F T H E M E D I U M T E R M P L A N _ 6.2.4.2.7 MACRO-ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK SECTOR ________________________________ 4.4 Strategies to Implement Policy ____________________________________________ 5. 2008-2012 ______________________________ 71 72 72 72 72 72 73 73 73 73 73 74 75 75 76 78 81 x .2.13 POPULATION AND URBANIZATION SECTOR__________________________________ 4.2. LEGAL.5 AGRICULTURE SECTOR ____________________________________________________ 4.6 SOCIAL EQUITY AND POVERTY REDUCTION SECTOR _________________________ 4.11 INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) SECTOR ______________ 4. STRENGTHENING THE KENYA NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM.4.4 TOURISM SECTOR _________________________________________________________ 4.

Human Resources Human Resources Management Information and Communication Technology Information. Education and Communication Intellectual Property Rights Indigenous ST&I Resources and Traditional knowledge Kenya Association of Manufacturers Kenya Agricultural Research Institute Kenya Medical Research Institute Kenya Private Sector Alliance Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Services Kenya Industrial Property Institutes Kenya Industrial Property Organization Kenya Industrial Research and Development Institute Kenya Shillings xi .LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AG ASAL CBOs ERS ERSWEC FDI GIS HES HIV/AIDS Attorney General Arid and Semi-Arid Lands Community Based Organizations Economic Recovery Strategy Economic Recovery Strategy for Wealth and Employment Creation Foreign Direct Investment Geographic Information System Higher Education Sector Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome HR HRM ICT IEC IPR IRTK KAM KARI KEMRI KEPSA KEPHIS KIPI KIPO KIRDI KSH/Ksh.

Income-Country Ministry of Science and Technology National Commission for Science. Technology and Innovation xii .KIPPRA LA M&E MDG MIC MoST NACSTI NCST NMK NMK-IPR NESC NGO PAC-ST&I PPP RSEs R&D SMEs S&T SAGA ST&I Kenya Institute of Public Policy and Research Analysis Lead Agency Monitoring and Evaluation Millennium Development Goals Middle. Scientists and Engineers Research and Development Small and Medium Enterprises Science and Technology Semi-Autonomous Governmental Agency Science. Technology and Innovation National Council for Science and Technology National Museums of Kenya National Museums of Kenya – Institute of Primate Research National Economic and Social Council Non-Governmental Organization Presidential Advisory Committee on ST&I Public – Private Sector Partnership Researchers.

benchmarking should be applied at least annually Biosensors .ʺ Climate Change . and certain other intellectual works.“Total Quality Tool” used to measure and compare your work processes with those of other organizations. coaching. These changes can be caused by dynamic process on Earth. musical. The goal of benchmarking is to increase your organizations performance by the best practices of your organization benchmarking partners. and networking connections. on long-term projects that are locally relevant and internationally competitive in order to enhance the pursuit of research and teaching excellence and capacity development. common services. and more recently by human activities Commercialization . and transmit information regarding a physiological change or process. artistic. external forces including variations in sunlight intensity. It involves changes in the variability or average state of the atmosphere over durations ranging from decades to millions of years. Business Incubator .The variation in the Earthʹs global climate or in regional climates over time. capital.The exploitation of knowledge or other thing for financial gain .A physical or virtual centres of research or learning which concentrate existing capacity and resources to enable researchers and academic staff to collaborate across disciplines and institutions. Centre of Excellence .GLOSSARY OF TERMS Benchmarking . Since best practice is always evolving. dramatic.” Copyright – A form of protection provided by the law to the authors of “original works of authorship. record. Competitiveness . Data base .The realization of a set of institutions and economic policies supportive of high rates of economic growth in the medium term.Devices that that use biological materials to detect.” including literary.Collection of information organized in such a way that a computer xiii .An economic development organization designed to accelerate the growth and success of entrepreneurial companies through an array of business support resources and services that could include physical space.

Materials Science . business methods. such as metals.Process of a systematic investigation or or experimentation. aimed at developing or contributing to generalizable knowledge. appellations of origin.The process of making improvements by introducing something substantially different. processes or services. examination gathering information. and the succession of many innovations grows the whole economy. including copyrighted property such as literary or artistic works. plasmids. It involves a studious inquiry or 3: the collecting of xiv .Research materials (such as cell lines. or producer value. the discovery and interpretation of facts. Research . and noncoding DNA segments.program can quickly select desired pieces of data. including structural genes. and plastics that are employed in science and technology Patents . to advances made in a technical field. in the genetic constitution of an organism Innovation . ceramics. You can think of a database as an electronic filing system. revision of accepted theories or laws in the light of new facts. regulatory sequences. testing. proteins. customer value.The study of all of the nucleotide sequences. and other materials) are often exchanged between OSU and other non-profit research institutions and commercial entities.The study of the characteristics and uses of the various materials. such as patents. Genomics . and ideational property. Since innovation is also considered a major driver of the economy.An intellectual property right relating to inventions. and evaluation. Innovations are intended to make someone better off. The term innovation may refer to both radical and incremental changes to products. transgenic animals.A product of the intellect that has commercial value. and industrial processes. Material Transfer Agreements (MTAs) define the legal rights of the entity donating the material as well as those of the recipient with respect to the material and any derivatives. that is. or practical application of such new or revised theories or laws. introducing a change that increases value. the factors that lead to innovation are also considered to be critical to policy makers Intellectual Property . Material Transfer Agreement . The often unspoken goal of innovation is to solve a problem.

or a combination of words.information about a particular subject Science – In the broadest sense. as well as to the organized body of knowledge gained through such research Science and Technology Park . science. science refers to a system of acquiring knowledge based on the scientific method. science refers to any systematic knowledge or practice.A property development designed for a concentration of high tech. and assumes the risk for a high technology business venture. xv . It is organized and managed by specialised professionals. and pure science. whose main aim is to increase the wealth of its community by promoting the culture of innovation and the competitiveness of its associated businesses and knowledge-based institutions. applied science. society. phrases. process and service applications (that is. a manner of accomplishing a task especially using technical processes.A word. phrase. drawing upon such subjects as industrial arts.A person who organizes. that identifies and distinguishes the source of the goods of one party from those of others. symbol or design. the capability given by the practical application of knowledge.A group of technologies that can be collectively applied to a diverse range of product. or research related businesses. Trademark . operates. Technology – The Practical application of knowledge especially in a particular area. Technology Platform . engineering. methods. In a more restricted sense. This branch of knowledge also deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life. symbols or designs. applications are not limited to a single vertical product or industry sector) Technopreneur . and the environment. or knowledge or the specialized aspects of a particular field of endeavor.

LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1: Figure 2: ST&I Strategic Priorities and Thrusts for Kenya Vision 2030 Proposed Kenya National Innovation System xvi .

science and technology into goods and services. ST&I also plays an important role in industrial and entrepreneurial development. harnessing ST&I can provide the necessary interventions required to address challenges facing a country. institutional and legal framework that effectively addresses citizen needs and aspirations. processes and services is highly dependent on a well defined and supportive policy. 1 . Rapid developments in ST&I. This is particularly important within the context of demands of global economic competitiveness. Therefore. climate change and other human induced disasters. Application of ST&I results in new sources of growth and provides high quality and better paying jobs.1 SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS Importance of Science. poverty reduction. safeguarding our natural environment against natural disasters. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have resulted in new products and services. new ways of learning and doing things. including meeting Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). International co-operation in science and technology is important for meeting a broad range of global challenges. sustainable development and equity concerns. Technology and Innovation to Achievement of Kenya Vision 2030 Globally. Development of the necessary scientific and technological infrastructure as well as the technical and entrepreneurial skills is an essential prerequisite to the transformation Kenya into a knowledge-based society. for benefiting from globalization and for implementing large-scale research projects. especially biotechnology.1 1. manufacturing. Development of innovative ideas into products. it is recognized that social and economic growth of any country is largely a result of the transformation of knowledge. This includes measures aimed at creating jobs. Integration of ST&I in national production processes is central to the success of Government’s policy priorities and programmes as outlined under Kenya Vision 2030. as well as promoting regional and gender equity.

Also the accelerated emergence of an information society and breakthroughs in the life sciences are having tremendous impacts on the activities of businesses and government and on the way people live. maintain and retain modern equipment as well as personnel. These are challenges that must be resolved through the development and application ST&I in Kenya.1. the relative contribution made by the private and public sectors. focused efforts are required to create high quality. engineering. the challenges to which the ST&I sector must respond include developing a stronger national innovation systems. Given that more than 60% of Kenya’s population is aged between 18 and 35 years. basic sciences. Recognizing the critical role of ST&I in national development. Kenya has over the years established many S&T institutions and has made significant strides in Research and Development (R&D). For Kenya to benefit. economy is an issue needing urgent action. and efficiently and sustainably harnessing our available natural resources for the benefit of all Kenyans. There exists research and development in the areas of agriculture. They have weak linkages with the productive sector.3. and regional and international counterparts. knowledge intensive jobs to harness the potential of this age group. However. and technological innovation. Other challenges include enhancing the role of ST&I in national development in general and productive sectors of the economy in particular. knowledge. the globalization of trade has made it harder particularly for third world nations to use tangible or intangible trade barriers to protect domestic industry. An Overview of the Overall Kenyan ST&I Sector Challenge In Kenya. The institutions are also unable to acquire. It has also put in place technical training institutions for the mid-level technical personnel. most of the ST&I institutions are not effectively coordinated and often lack critical resources and infrastructures to enable them effectively develop and integrate ST&I. it must enhance the global competitiveness of its exports using ST&I. study. addressing the changing role of intellectual property rights and global-scale issues that call for enhanced international co operation in science and technology. ensuring sustained development of human resources in science and technology. and work. health. More recently. forestry and environmental sciences. Skills acquired from Kenyan training institutions do not often match the Lack of an integrative policy framework to facilitate effective integration of ST&I into the 2 .

in particular in SMEs will be removed. encouraging individual creativity and broadening opportunities and support for students to pursue ST&I studies. market disincentives to research careers. including interdisciplinary knowledge and managerial/entrepreneurial skills. This acts as a barrier in creation of ST&I technology-based enterprises within the economy. to help renew the research workforce. This imposes high costs on investors who have to retrain new staff. the rapid ageing of the workforce in the public research sector.requirements of the productive sector. and developing partnerships with industry. Of equally great concern is the apparent lack of alignment of skills with national priority areas. they are geared to looking for jobs instead of creating them. the recent decline in the number of science and engineering graduates is of great concern and could hamper the long-term growth prospects of the country. Further. • • adapting curricula to changing skill demands. Thus. and the globalization of higher education and research systems In addition measures will be taken to pursue reforms in the human resource management policies of public research organizations to improve their responsiveness to changes in research priorities and funding. especially among youth. improving the quality of scientific and technological learning. and to encourage mobility between the public and private research sectors that limit the contribution of S&T personnel to innovation in industry. Greater efforts are needed to ensure an adequate supply of scientific and technological skills by: • • • acquiring and retaining highly skilled staff. The challenge of meeting demand for S&T talent is made all the more difficult by waning interest in science among youth. strengthening policies to enhance awareness and public understanding of science. Incentives for business R&D in small firms and educational training partnerships are among the measures that will be taken to stimulate business demand for S&T graduates and enhance their capacity 3 . the gender gap among S&T graduates (notably at the doctorate level). the products of human resource development institutions are often not imbued enough with entrepreneurship skills. Against a background of growing demand for human resources in ST&I.

It is also important in facilitating increased public utilization of ST&I in their daily activities.to innovate. lack of an adequate knowledge base on what programmes are being implemented in the ST&I sector. These are important in facilitating innovation. 4 . as well as provide young graduates with the right skills to work as researchers in industry. Public awareness is necessary to create the required support for ST&I investments which many times require large outlays with long payback periods. Another emerging challenge is that of appropriate and responsive intellectual property rights regimes. Although some work has been done in this regard. However. Given the scarcity of resources. Some of the key issues include the accessibility of the regime as well as the extent to which it enables harnessing of indigenous knowledge and resources. their outputs and beneficiaries is a clear disincentive in arguing for more resources to the sector. It also is a major challenge in effective benchmarking with peer and aspirational countries aimed at effective and efficient utilization of resources. in the Kenyan context there are challenges that constrain local innovators from benefiting from their work. there is great room for improvement. The level of public awareness of ST&I benefits and how they could benefit from it needs enhancement.

Creating technopreneurship and industry-led clusters.1.based economy.” They build upon an array of underpinning scientific knowledge and skills (such as those being developed in universities and through investment). 5 . involving small and large firms. applications are not limited to a single vertical product or industry sector). from which the science. Attracting targeted Foreign Direct Investment. and focusing activities of government agencies in creating knowledge. Simulating research in industry. These programmes. projects and initiatives implemented in the twenty (20) sectors identified and shown in Table 1. The strategic technology platforms are defined as “a group of technologies that can be collectively applied to a diverse range of product. significant and durable competitive advantages in Kenyan industry and society in general. or funded by industry. they are sufficiently narrow to define a set of competencies that will be built up within Kenya. The Strategic Technology Platforms selected for Kenya are sufficiently broad in scope that they are realistically expected to feed into a variety of products. Setting technopreneurship-focused applied research agenda.1 shall be mechanisms for: • • • • • Selecting areas of research for funding. At the same time. enhance investment efficiency as well as increase citizen participation in the said sector. In this regard. both indigenous and foreign-owned. processes and services. so that they will establish and defend competitive positions. Sectoral ST&I Challenges in Kenya Achievement of the overall Kenya Vision 2030 goals and the Medium Term Plan 2008 – 2012 goals will be through programmes. The ST&I Strategic Intervention Platforms articulated in Table 1.1. or commissioned by industry with State support.4. technology and innovation interventions are derived. we will create distinctive. process and service applications (that is. ST&I will be integrated into the sectors identified by ensuring that they have access to the necessary technology platforms to promote productivity growth. and uniquely within Kenya. projects and initiatives will be targeted at sector challenges. By identifying and developing platforms that leverage Kenya’s unique strengths.

institutional. 6 . each of the said sectors will require access to the necessary technology platforms as well as the policy. regulatory and funding support to optimize its utilization of technology for enhanced national output and improved social welfare for Kenya’s citizens.As illustrated in Table 1. legal.1.

research. Kenya • Assess the impact of tourism facilities on biodiversity • Provision of high quality skills for the industry • Support the development of national training and testing standards STRATEGIC TECHNOLOGY PLATFORMS • Eco-tourism technologies • Medical tourism technologies • Security surveillance systems • ICT technologies • Marketting technologies • Communications technologies • Database technologies • Packaging technologies Agriculture • Value addition to agricultural products through processing and preservation • Enhancing productivity and safety • Quality of agricultural inputs.Table 1. Genetics and breeding technologies • Environmental impact assessments • Market intelligence of consumer behaviour . • Enhance productivity of the value chain • Technologies for converting farm waste into commercial products • Assess and advice on the capabilities and capacities of meteorological services vis a vis the demands in the agricultural sector • Develop simple on-farm technologies for preserving agricultural products • Support generation and dissemination of marketing information and technologies • Skills development and upgrading for workers in agriculture • Agriculture technology-based enterprises.1: SECTOR Tourism Sectoral ST&I Challenges and Supportive Strategic Technology Platforms ST&I CHALLENGE • Matching the range and quality of products and services to tastes and preferences (matching supply with demand) to enhance competitiveness • Development of targeted new products and services • Preservation of biodiversity for tourism • Matching skills development with tourism industry demand ST&I INTERVENTIONS • Generate information and data for improved processess • Identify technologies for improving service delivery and value addition • Develop and implement quality standards and benchmarking norms for tourism industry • Development of training facilities and centres of excellence for the tourism industry. review and facilitate mainstreaming of technologies in support of agroprocessing and agribusiness. • Promotion of innovations in products. • Ingredient technology • Food microstructure • Flavour and quality • Post Harvest technologies • Pathogen control systems including risk analyses methodologies • High pressure technologies • Food irradiation • Robotics and information Technology • Reduced input farming systems • Waste reduction and management technologies • Environmental modelling technologies • Diagnostics. extention services and production technologies • Integrity of agricultural industry players • Value addition to farm waste • How to improve the prediction of weather for farming • Reduce supply side inefficiencies and improve market access • Development of skills in agro-processing • Agricultural R&D for improved products and production processes • Identify. • Promotion of technology based businesses in tourism • Development acquisition and transfer of technologies to support development of niche tourist products • Support accreditation of selected strategic medical facilities to target the growing medical tourism industry to support promotion of medical tourism in the country • Identify and develop indigenous resources and knowledge targetting the tourism industry • Design and development of integrated visitor information system (IVIS) • Support design and development of a one stop tourism adventure at the Nairobi Game Park for international travellers on transit via Jomo-Kenyatta International Airport • Generate and disseminate information and data on natural resource management and climate change specific to the drying of lakes in the Rift Valley and melting of ice on Mt. processes and services in tourism.

etc) and design and development capacities and capabilities • Strengthen linkages for knowledge generation and use within industry.of – the . acquision and application of production. acquisition and deployment of robust anti-fraud technology • Skills development in banking expertise. joint venture. source and support application of efficient state . telematics and logistics technologies • Packaging technologies Manufacturing • Development of technical capacities and capabilities in manufacturing • Support R&D. universities. acquisition and application of comprehensive financial information management system technologies • R&D support in banking technology to promote efficiency in provision of banking services • Support the broadening of the technology base for modernization and upgrading of existing banking networks • Identification.SECTOR ST&I CHALLENGE ST&I INTERVENTIONS STRATEGIC TECHNOLOGY PLATFORMS • Meteorological and technologies • Instrumentation and metrology technology • Packaging technologies Wholesale & Retail Trade • ST&I application for enhanced efficiency in wholesale and Retail supply chain • Improve process efficiency for MSMEs • Skills development in technology based business for MSMEs • Facilitate development. • Curriculum development and delivery technologies • Quality control and standardization technologies Education • Develop SET skills for global competitiveness • Mainstream Science. development. • Cost-saving production processes • Develop and support technology-based enterprises • Support skills development and upgrading in manufacturing • Advice. technology and innovation communication and advocacy • Increase ST&I co-curriculla activities in basic education • Review the national TIVET qualification framework to increase TIVET education pathways . new and advanced materials • Instrumentation and metrology • Integration and miniaturization technologies • ICT. processing and market access technologies and skills • Provide technology based business incubation support services • Facilitate development acquision and application of one stop shop technologies and unified taxation system to reduce cost of doing business • Market intelligence • Information technology • Management Information Systems • Supply-demand chain tracking technologies • Instrumentation and metrology technology • Packaging technologies • Design technologies • Processing/ fabrication of existing. regulatory oversight and efficiency in allocating and managing banking assets • Specialized banking infrastructure • Advanced banking software technology development • Management Information Systems • Bank networking technologies • ICT • Risk assessment and management technology • Instrumentation and metrology technology • Information and communication technology • Virtual learning technologies. technology transfer (through licensing. Engineering and Technical basic education • Policy review in the education sector • Curriculum development and review to ensure quality and relevance • Science. research institutions and other knowledge intermediaries.art technology and environmentally friendly techniques • Integrate cleaner production techniques • Provide technology based business incubation support services • Assessment and characterization of materials requirements for various manufacturing subsectors Financial Services • ST&I application for institutional efficiency and commercial justice. macro economic performance and competitiveness • Assessment.

biomaterials • Bioinformatics • Proteomics • Gene chip technology • Knock-outs and transgenics • Robotics • Biosensor • Bio-remediation • Instrumentation and metrology technology • Drug design.SECTOR ST&I CHALLENGE ST&I INTERVENTIONS STRATEGIC TECHNOLOGY PLATFORMS • Laboratory and workshop technologies • Instrumentation and metrology technology Health • ST&I for improving the cost effectiveness and efficiency of the health care delivery system • Determination of the quantity. quality and spatial distribution of herbal and traditional medicines • Promote efficiency in delivery of health services • Demonstrating the efficacy of herbal and traditional medicine • Mainstreaming herbal and traditional medicine into the national health care system • Improve capacities and capabilities for curative and preventive health • Facilitate brain gain in the medical profession • Development of a comprehensive health service delivery management information system • Support development and implementation of electronic multi-purpose cards to support realization of health care objectives and link the sector to other service sectors • Facilitate international certification of strategic health facilities to support international collaborative R&D and the development of medical tourism • Mapping and documentation of herbs with medicinal value • R&D in the efficacy of herbal medicine and traditional medical practices • Skills development and upgrading for indegenous knowledge • Develop curricular in herbal medicine and traditional knowledge • Communication and advocacy on the science and art of traditional knowledge • Facilitating an efficient and high quality health care system of International standards • Create web enabled data base applications for monitoring drug delivery and other medical supplies countrywide • Support development. acquisition. Water and Sanitation • ST&I for Environmental management and Biodiversity conservation • Support R&D in environmental management • Support policy development in Environmental management • Sensor technology • Instrumentation and metrology technology • Environmental management technologies • Maritime technologies • Biotechnology • Information and communication technology • Marketing technologies • Production and processing technologies and systems for environmental products • Nuclear technology • Geological exploration technologies • Geographic Information Systems (GIS) • Packaging technologies • ST&I for provision of early warning systems and knowledge based mitigation for natural and technological emergencies • Irrigation infrastructure • Support development of early warning systems and knowledge based mitigation for natural and technological emergencies • Energy and water efficient irrigation technologies • Forecasting technologies • Irrigation technologies . development and delivery • Diagnostics and therapeutic • Telemedicine • Marketing • Packaging technologies Environment. adaptation and diffusion of state of the art medical technology • Skills development and upgrading • ST&I personnel recognition awards • Benchmark and harmonize the Kenyan health system with international standards • Genomics • DNA chips.

youth and disadvantaged groups in ST&I • Increasing access to and relevance and quality of SET skills Governance. transparency and accountability electoral processess. acquire and transfer relevant ICTs that increase the efficiency and ensure the integrity of the electoral process • Develop and update ICTs based database of citizens. food and ecological sanitation • Water security assessment • Modern and efficient technologies in water management and use • Skills development and upgrading in water research and management • Support policy formulation for harmonizing ST&I issues in sectors dealing with the water resource • Research in ocean water desalination • Develop. Security and Rule of law • Using ST&I to enhance the integrity. mineral processing and related technologies • Assessment for mineral quantities and value • Acquisition of technology for mining and value addition in mineral processing • Mining and mining safety technologies • Mineral processing technologies • Packaging technologies • Remediation technologies • Provision of targeted and relevant SET skills • Support technology based business incubation • Business support services for technology based enterprises • ICT • Laboratory and workshop technologies • Design technologies • Biotechnology • Packaging technologies • Develop.SECTOR ST&I CHALLENGE • ST&I for enhanced water security and basic . registered voters and information on the electoral process • Technical skills training in the electoral process • Mapping technologies • Instrumentation and metrology technology • ICT • Sensor technologies . food and ecological sanitation ST&I INTERVENTIONS • Development. women. Youth and Vulnerable Groups • Increasing interest in SET among the youth and vulnerable groups • Increase effective participation of men. transfer and diffusion of technologies in solid and liquid waste management STRATEGIC TECHNOLOGY PLATFORMS • Instrumentation and metrology technology • Natural resource management • Biodiversity conservation • Support research in forest. acquire. acquisition and transfer of technologies for basic. natural resource management and biodiversity conservation • Support multi-disciplinary scientific research and development in marine and coastal management • Support policy development in Natural Resource management • Remote Sensing • GIS • GPS • Seismology • Infrasound Technology • Meteorology • Instrumentation and metrology technology • Packaging technologies • Capacity and capabilities for mineral resource exploration and exploitation • Resource based human conflict in the mining zones • Determination of the national mineral resource base • Value addition to mineral processing Gender. • Skills development and upgrading • Knowledge based mining.

public participation in governance. • Develop ICT capacity that sustainably supports ICT industry. ethical and results-oriented government Institutions ST&I INTERVENTIONS • Develop. • Development of value added services and creation of local content. • Technical skills training in the electoral process STRATEGIC TECHNOLOGY PLATFORMS • Security and barrier construction technology • Crowd management technologies • Provision of information to policy makers for decision making • Evidence based decision making by policy makers • Internal.SECTOR ST&I CHALLENGE • Using ST&I to forster democracy. • Deployment of e-government for improvement of public service delivery to citizens. • Leverage ICTs in operations of Small and medium Enterprises. acquire and transfer technologies for crime prevention and detection • Increase the technical skill for crime prevention and detection among law enforcement personnel • Creation of ICT legal and regulatory framework that facilitate ST&I • Development of a supporting ICT infrastructure. • Public. accountability. acquire and transfer relevant ICTs that increase the efficiency and ensure the integrity of the public information process • Develop and update ICTs based database of taxes and public resource utilization and services to citizens. external and transnational security threats • Support development of legal and regulatory framework that facilitate service delivery • Skills development and upgrading for improved public administration and service delivery • Promote the establishment of security related programmes in TIVET and university institutions with special emphasis on technologies and space science initiative to address the question of security in the country • Develop technology-based security surveilance systems • Non intrusive crime prevention and detection • ST&I application in addressing and enforcing the Rule of law • Using ST&I to increase efficiency and effectiveness in enforcing the rule of law Information & Communicatio n Technologies • Provision of technologies • Capacity and capability in ICT • Develop. private organization and businesses. transparency. Private Partnership in development of national ICT infrastructure • Communication Networks technologies • Electronics and hardware technologies • Software development technologies • Bioinformatics and simulation technologies • Packaging technologies • Mechatronics • Supporting development of BPO raw infrastructure and software through ST&I products and services • Providing technological capacity and capabilities for business process offshoring • Assessment of the national skills for BPO • Skills development and upgrading • Technology based business offshoring infrastructure • Support the development of computerbased business processes • Mainstream ST&I in BPO policy review .

conservation and use • Development. use and conservation • Facilitate research in waste management and utilization of the same for energy production • Support research in exploration and exploitation of alternative energy sources • Develop and upgrade skills in energy production. effectiveness and safety of the transport system • Increase energy production • Diversify energy sources • Reduce high fuel and energy cost • Improvement of efficiency in energy use and conservation • Support of Research and development for efficient energy production.SECTOR Housing and Infrastructure ST&I CHALLENGE • Provision of planning and construction technologies • Capacity and capability building for high-tech infrastructure design and development ST&I INTERVENTIONS • Support the acquisition of building technologies • Develop technologies for building construction and works of civil engineering • Capacity building in Design and development • Technologies for exploitation of locally available building materials • Assessment of availability of building materials • Develop technologies for utilization of in-situ building materials • Develop technology-based security surveilance systems • Use GIS technologies planning and management • Develop information and data application system • Skills development and certification for experts and contractors in the building and construction industry STRATEGIC TECHNOLOGY PLATFORMS • Materials Science technologies • Nanotechnology • ICT • Construction technologies • Acoustic technologies • Design and maintenance technologies • Intermodality of transport technologies • Telematics for transport technologies • Land-use development technologies • Mechatronics • New and renewable energy technologies • Intelligent systems technologies • Instrumentation and metrology technologies • Provision of the transport infrastructure • Capacity and capability in transport infrastructre • Develop intelligent transport information systems • Support mitigation against deterioration of infrastructure • Improvement in the efficiency. acquisition or transfer of technologies of alternative energy sources Labour and employment Sector • Aligning skills development with labour market requirements • Technological learning within local enterprises • Fostering innovative workforce • Promote development of technological learning schemes • Carry out national skills audit that includes TIVET • Technological learning • Support development of large scale domestic contractors • Occupational safety and health • ICT • Productiovity measurement technologies • Intrumentation and metrology technologies • Quality assurance and standardisation technologies • Safety and health technologies • Virtual learning technologies Population and Urbanization • ST&I support for the understanding of population dynamics • Functioning national land management system • • Support implementation of integrated population registration and management system • Support development and implementation of nation land information management system • Support formulation and implementation of strategic development and investment plans for six metropolitan regions • ICT • Modelling technologies • Forecasting technologies • GIS • Integrated population management technologies • Environmental management technologies • Disaster and emergency management technologies .

analysis and computiong methodologies for macroeconomic variables • Reduction in information Assymmetry • Targeted acquisition of skills and technology through contracting of foreign firms STRATEGIC TECHNOLOGY PLATFORMS • ICT • Economic crime prevention and detection technologies • Analytical technologies • Database technologies • GIS • Asset management technologies Social Equity and Poverty Reduction • Access to better/appropriate technologies that enhance equity and poverty reduction • Access to SET skills for innovation and employment creation • ST&I for poverty profiling • Technologies for mapping poverty and its various dimensions • Technology based enterprises that exploit regional resource endowments • Develop technoprenueships based on regional resource availability to increase household incomes and gender parity • Develop.SECTOR Macroeconomic framework for MTP ST&I CHALLENGE • Increase domestic component of national investment • Determination of ST&I contribution to economic growth ST&I INTERVENTIONS • Establish the ST&I contribution to GDP • Identify and support development of new economic growth areas • Integrated information and data management on macroeconomic variables • Support the development and implementation of credit referencing • Improve the design of macroeconomic variables computing system • Support the development of data collection. acquire and transfer cheap but effective household level technologies that save on time and costs particularly to women • Provide skills training facilities for youth and lifelong learning at local and regional level • Support development of NSDI infrastructure for improved access to public services profile and information • Carry out ST&I Community outreach programmes to support application of science and technology • ICT • Mapping technologgies • Packaging technologies • Instrumentation and metrology • Processing and fabrication technologies • Targeted last step manufacturing (Assembling) technologies • Recycling technologies .

In this regard various programmes to upgrade the skills and technical competencies of both workers and owners of MSMEs aimed at 14 . ICT. In view of this. with strong emphasis on technological learning focusing on technologies and processes enhancing national competitiveness and enable creation of quality jobs.1. improved infrastructure. to identify and assimilate new and existing knowledge to increase regional and global competitiveness will be enhanced. biotechnology. To this end. namely: • • • • • Strengthening the Technical Capacities and Capabilities Developing Highly Skilled Human Resources Intensification of Innovation in Priority Sectors Enhancing ST&I Awareness Strengthening the ST&I Performance Management Framework Note//explain in relationship with the 1st thrust 1. Strategic Priorities and Prospects for 2008 – 2012 The Government of Kenya recognizing the importance of ST&I and the challenges facing the sector proposes to undertake a number of measures to leverage it for the benefit of the Kenyan people. and through strengthening linkages with actors in the productive sectors. the country will focus on creation of better production processes. particularly micro. a need exists for it to strengthen its overall ST&I sector. Capacities of ST&I institutions will be enhanced through advanced training of personnel. A programme targeting provision of ST&I infrastructure will be implemented over a period of three years to the tune of Kshs________________. STRENGTHENING TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES Kenya’s overall STI capacity and capability is currently weak in comparison with competitor and aspirational countries. It is expected that the capacity of local firms. laser and material sciences will be implemented. In order to support Kenya’s entry into frontier research a programme supporting cutting edge research in agro-processing.1.4.4. equipment. small and medium scale enterprises (MSMEs). These measures covering the 2008 – 2012 period are articulated under five key strategic thrust areas.

Development of targeted comprehensive infrastructure via industrial and science parks will be prioritized. These will focus on establishing niches for Kenya and also increasing the volume of high technology manufactured exports emanating from Kenya.increasing their productivity and level of technology utilization will be implemented. Measures to enhance capacity to effectively leverage indigenous resources and knowledge will be aggressively put in place. 15 .

1: ST&I Strategic Priorities and Thrusts for Kenya Vision 2030 .Figure 1.

In this regard. Compared to their peers. particularly in science and technology. to intensify innovation. will be transformed into technologies and protected as intellectual property rights.4. Kenyan firms have lower levels of productivity which must be enhanced. It is expected that the level of numeracy and literacy at all levels of the education system will be substantially increased by 2012. avoid duplication and focus on national priority sectors as well as new and emerging technology areas.4. DEVELOPING A HIGHLY SKILLED HUMAN RESOURCE BASE Skilled human resource requirements relate to sufficiency and skills competence. The current transition rate from secondary level education to university will be increased and the postgraduate training strengthened. INTENSIFICATION OF INNOVATION IN PRIORITY SECTORS The Kenyan economy exhibits limited levels on innovation required to foster increased output and productivity improvements necessary for employment and wealth creation. 1. proven technical knowledge produced in industries and tertiary institutions. In this regard a biannual National Innovation Survey will be implemented to determine the incidence of innovation in the national priority areas as well as determining the impediments to increased innovation in the those sectors. While Kenya has a pool of talented human resource. To develop a highly skilled human resource base. there exists a shortage of skilled workforce in many ST&I fields that support the national priority sectors. scientists and engineers will be increased focusing on national priority sectors. In this regard high technology exports as a 17 . Furthermore. a National Critical Skills Development Strategy will be formulated for implementation by 2009. measures to improve the national pool of skills and talent relevant to the needs of national priority areas will be put in place. To this end a National Skills Inventory and Audit Survey will be implemented to form a basis for targeted long term development of a human resource base supportive of the ST&I sector in accordance to UNESCO’s ST&I standards. measures will be taken to coordinate research activities to ensure synergy.______________________ 37 billion in 2012.2. Further. funding for basic and applied research at higher institutions of learning and for research and development in collaboration with industries will be increased to Kshs. including universities. The number of researchers. On the basis of this.1.3.

remains unmapped and has exposed our national heritage to misuse by external interest groups. technology and innovation in Kenya and its implication in everyday life. including the ethical and moral. primary and secondary schools to universities and technical institutes. Indigenous knowledge and technology. Multisectoral initiatives to develop STI solutions to address current and future development problems will be publicized and showcased. efforts must be made to promote awareness of new ideas and discoveries to the general public. In order to promote greater efficiency in various national priority sectors. and its universal importance is needed to make the breakthroughs or commercialize applications that will ensure the prosperity of the country. legal. From professional associations to community science networks. Under this plan.4. Appreciation and awareness. the programme will create and nurture a passion for learning. In view of the importance of STI in society. A key goal of activities under this thrust will be to imbue a culture of creativity.proportion of manufactured exports in Kenyan economy will be targeted to increase from 3. Measures will be taken to identify and protect this heritage. and from ECD. technology and innovation. social and economic aspects is low. In order to encourage innovation and other scientific endeavors. 18 .1% in 2005 to 25% in 2012. 1. measures create and deepen STI awareness amongst policy makers and implementers and particularly in the social sphere will be put in place. from non-profits to big business. TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION AWARENESS A strong foundation and basic understanding of ST&I. which is part of our national heritage. promote international competitiveness and assure consumer acceptance. a system of national recognition will be established to honor innovators.4. innovativeness and continuous learning in Kenya supportive of ST&I uptake and utilization. among policymakers and the general public on the importance of science. creativity. a programme to promote standardization and quality assurance in the various sectors will be implemented to strengthen existing system and bring them up to par with international best practice. ENHANCING SCIENCE.

1. an understanding of the utilization of resources in the ST&I sector to contribute to national development is critical. Furthermore. Therefore. A framework to collate and disseminate information on the resources employed by the sector and their effectiveness will be put in place. It will focus on timely tracking of the implementation of various programmes/initiatives under this plan aimed at realizing its overall objectives. 19 . under this plan. there is lack of adequate information to facilitate regional and international benchmarking and track the implementation of ST&I activities.5. leading to inefficient resource utilization. STRENGTHENING THE STI PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK There is general ineffectiveness in the coordination of the national ST&I system.4. The coordination of ST&I activities will also seek to leverage the activities of international organizations working in the country for the furtherance of national ST&I objectives.

science technology and innovation have become important enabling tools. Science. utilization and retention of highly skilled human resources Intensification of innovation in priority sectors Increasing ST&I awareness and public participation Strengthening the ST&I Performance Management Framework 20 . technology and innovation as spelt out in the Vision 2030. In this respect. including Kenya. Technology and Innovation policy and Strategy developed by the stakeholders in the ST&I sector. Introduction The global economy.2 2. The programmes will also implement the Science. leading to changes in the comparative advantage and competitiveness of economies worldwide. The programmes will be implemented in the five year period of this Medium Term Plan. technology and innovation in all aspect of its social and economic development in order to foster national prosperity and global competitiveness. These are: • • • • • Strengthening technical capacities and capabilities Development. This Chapter outlines the programmes and projects that will implement the proposed interventions to achieve the ST&I goals as given in the Vision 2030. Kenya harnesses science. The programmes are organized under five main strategic thrusts that address the strategies for promoting science. productivity and competitiveness. is undergoing rapid development into a knowledge-based economy. technology and innovation will be mainstreamed in all the sectors of the economy through carefully-targeted investment programmes. The Situation Analysis has identified strategic issues that impact on the effective development and utilization of ST&I. will be among the key determinants to enhance efficiency. where technology.1 FLAGSHIP PROGRAMMES FOR VISION 2030. driven by skills and innovation.

1 STRATEGY ONE: IMPROVE PRODUCTION PROCESSES ST&I FOR EFFICIENT PRODUCTION PROGRAMME Technology Assessment Project There is a wide disparit y in technological capacity and capability between Kenya and the industrialized nations making competitive production and participation by Kenyan companies difficult. The overall purpose of the programme is to furnish enhanced information for decisions to assist tourists and residents in pre-planning visits.2 Strategic Thrust One: Strengthening Technical Capacities and Capabilities The goal of this strategic thrust is to strengthen Kenya’s overall ST&I capacity and capability and increase the capacity of local firms to identify and assimilate existing knowledge in order to increase competitiveness. accurate and up to date information to improve the Kent tourism industry’s competitiveness in the national and international marketplace as a long-term. Ministry of Trade and Industry (MoTI). The objective of this project is therefore to make an assessment of Kenya’s technological competitiveness and apply technologies that will support the production processes in national growth priority areas. KEPSA. This will focus on creation of better production processes. KIPI and Universities. equipment. KENYA TOURISM RESEARCH PROGRAMME The Kenya Tourism Research Programme is aimed providing the industry with relevant. Tertiary Institutions. 2. with strong emphasis on technological learning. Research Institutes. aid tourism business in gaining and maintaining a competitive edge and allow tourism professionals to adopt a more long-term and sustainable 21 . KIRDI. and through strengthening linkages with actors in the productive sectors.2. improved infrastructure. The capacities of STI institutions will be enhanced through advanced training of personnel. KAM. This is as a result of lack of inadequate assessment of the potential technological areas that Kenya can competitively participate in and develop a market niche for her products. The main players in implementing the technologies assessment project will be the Ministry of Science and Technology.2. high quality and sustainable tourism destination.

approach to tourism development in the Country. creating interactive maps for both tourism professionals and visitors. Ministry of Information and Communication. Kenya Tourism Research Audit Project This project will collect. a full audit and evaluation of existing technological capability of tourism operators. exchange. Ministry of Tourism. Ministry of Tourism. establishing and updating databases on tourism aspects such as accommodation. passenger visits and spending statistics. Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Research Institutes. user friendly reference points for tourism research and information The programme will be implemented under the following projects. The main players in implementing this project will be the Ministry of Science and Technology. The project will support consultancy and advisory services to the tourism and hospitality industry. Research Institutes. KEPSA. improving the efficiency and effectiveness in the utilization of Kenya’s Tourism resources. attractions. analyze and communicate existing tourism studies and research programmes in Kenya The main players in implementing this project will be the Ministry of Science and Technology. It will also examine databases for the networking requirements of tourism operators and identify key stakeholder mapping needs (via survey and focus group work with visitors and tourism industry professionals) 22 . Tertiary institutions and Universities Develop Internet Technology Project This project will cover the development of a Kenya tourism research website to facilitate wider industry access to Kenya tourism research studies complete with a Search Engine to ensure visits to the site are maximized. KEPSA. Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Ministry of Information and Communication. and visitor profiles together with sources of survey information and provide for accessible. visitor safety and numbers. Tertiary institutions and Universities Internet Geographic Information Project This project will establish detailed specifications for the development of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) on the Internet.

Research Institutes. promotion and communication to effectively targeted at this market. KEPSA. an annual trends analysis of the visitor market and a national Tourism Performance Review for distribution to public and private sector industry partners. information. Ministry of Information and Communication. Ministry of Tourism. Ministry of Information and Communication. Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The overall aim of this project is to investigate the potential for the future actions in terms of product development and marketing programmes. Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Tertiary institutions and Universities Kenya Tourism Niche Markets Development Project A number of niche markets have been identified.The main players in implementing this project will be the Ministry of Science and Technology. It will also measure the evolution of the market and explore the new research areas identified with partners and establish an operational character for local tourism operators to allow them to adjust their action programmes on new product development. The project will cover Cultural Tourism component to investigate the tourism impact 23 . Ministry of Tourism. The project will be implemented under the following components: The project will cover the publication of regular research reports and publicize widely to tourism stakeholders via industry extranets. KEPSA. The main players in implementing this project will be the Ministry of Science and Technology. Research Institutes. Tertiary institutions and Universities Kenya Tourism Activity and Trends Monitoring Project The objective of this project is to establish a shared tourism activity and trends monitoring service to measure over time tourism industry performance in Kenya. Trends monitoring will provide reasons for downturn or growth to enable the industry can intervene with tactical measures when appropriate.

Clean energy production component will focus on research and development of technical and commercial feasibility of the production of electricity and various new products. safety aspects and economic importance among other parameters. Ministry of Information and Communication. nuclear energy. The alternative and renewable energy component will be implemented with the aim of advancing and adapting technology for alternative energy sources like water. The component on improved energy use efficiency will focus on developing key energy use efficiency technologies to achieve production and save energy for both conventional and unconventional resources while minimizing environmental impacts. alternative and renewable energy. improved energy use efficiency and. The main players in implementing this project will be the Ministry of Science and Technology. the range and character of rural tourism products in Kenya. including how to extend some elements of the sports/activities offer to transit tourists. The fossil fuels and nuclear energy options will be weighed up with the results of the fact that Kenya has come up with national energy data for the application of the Model 24 . the market potential of rural tourism in Kenya. Research Institutes. geothermal. domestic waste and biomass so they account for a larger portion of the energy mix. coal. Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Sports and Activity Tourism component to investigate the potential of developing coherent and complementary offers. the factors (both supply and demand related) limiting tourism growth in this area. energy supply. Tertiary institutions and Universities Energy Technologies Project The energy programme will cover research and advisory framework for energy sources for electricity generation. Rural Tourism component to address a range of questions including how tourism and recreation impact on the rural economy. ecological assessment.of museums and heritage sites across Kenya. oil. KEPSA. The comparisons will be in engineering process. sun. wind. thereby increasing the economic contribution of the latter. demand for energy sources. Ministry of Tourism. the contribution of rural tourism to conservation. gas. the physical development needed to increase the economic impact of the tourism market.

advanced materials which are also recognized as key technology areas in strengthening the technological development capability and generating new sources of growth for the country. The main players in implementing the energy technologies project include Ministry of Science and Technology. IPP and Cleaner Production Centre. automation. develop and promote niche areas in advanced manufacturing technology. Kenya Association of Manufacturers. the medium term is to have the necessary infrastructure in place and identify possible sites for building the nuclear power plants and biofuel systems for energy generation. economic climate of increasing prices for fossil fuels that are highly polluting and contribute to greenhouse warming leave Kenya with two options. One is geothermal potential of 2000 MW being realized yesterday and the nuclear energy option being seriously taken into account in the context of the national energy plan. identify. In the short term the aim will be to increase the human resource base. Ministry of Trade and Industry. Universities. Manufacturing sector. clean and sustainable energy sources to meet the energy requirements of the Vision 2030. The project will ensure availability of low cost. Ministry of Energy. NEMA. Kenya Private Sector Alliance. Manufacturing sector. Niche Areas of the Manufacturing Sector Project The aim of this project is to develop technical capacities and capabilities in manufacturing as well as. Of immediate interest is setting up the necessary organs to realize the nuclear and biofuel options. namely. Ministry of Trade and Industry. Universities. KIRDI. Fluctuating supply from hydroelectric sources.for Analysis of Energy Demand. KENGEN. Niche areas in manufacturing technology will ensure a competitive advantage over other players in technology development in the world and will attract public-private partnership arrangements Main players in implementing the niche areas of the manufacturing sector will be the Ministry of Science and Technology. and aerospace-related technology. Tertiary Institutions. KPLC. Office of the President. computer-aided design/computer-aided industrial manufacturing/computeraided engineering (CAD/CAM/CAE). and machinery and equipment. Ministry of Roads and Public Works. 25 . robotics. building and construction industry. Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources.

Manufacturing design will be aimed at furthering the development of competitive products and systems while manufacturing development will entail cost and quality for manufacturing competitiveness. The commercial application of biosensors is in the areas of healthcare. ceramics and composites. The objective of this initiative will. such as stabilizers. 93 per cent is imported. The main players in implementing the initiative include. Ministry of education. only 7 per cent of its manufacturing technologies are sourced within the country. training and building of capacity for engineering design and development. as well as vaccines for tropical diseases. MOST. The initiative will also ensure research. Biopolymers. The 26 . gallants. Institution of Engineers of Kenya IEK and Universities Biotechnology Initiative The objective of this project is to develop and promote biotechnology for efficient and rapid industrial. which represent a powerful new evolutionary field in analytical measurement technology. which are biologically produced polymers with unique functional uses. dispersants. pharmaceuticals. for use in the efficient treatment and management of diseases with growth potential in bio-generics and molecular diagnostics for diseases. metals. Other industries which will benefit include cosmetics. thickeners. development and production of machineries. Ministry of trade and industry. packaging. including polymers. lubricants. be to develop and promote capacity in design. which are produced synthetically or biologically. defense and environmental pollution monitoring. equipment and tools required by industry for manufacturing.Engineering Design and Development Initiative Kenya’s manufacturing sub-sector use relatively old technologies. agricultural and health transformation. industrial process control. Moreover. paper and textiles. binders. The project will also ensure the development of biosensors. veterinary medicine. The main beneficiary of biopolymers is the food processing industry. adhesives and drug delivery agents. Therefore. therefore. The biotechnology project will ensure the development of biomaterials. for the manufacturing sector to become competitive there is an urgent need for manufacturing engineering design and development. Advances in plant genetics and fermentation and purification technologies can eventually influence a shift towards the application of more biopolymers than synthetic petroleum-based polymers. The rest. agriculture. KIRDI.

chemicals and pharmaceuticals. KIRDI. Ministry of Trade and Industry. ERC.project will lead to growth in industrial biotechnology. Universities. the application of plant biotechnology will be aimed at increasing crop yields. producing pest and drought resistant strains. Ministry of Health. Food Security and Agriculture Project Kenya will continue to face challenges that will require focused research into new genotypes to cater for areas like the Arid and Semi Arid of the country. Challenges in adopting biotechnology include the high costs of development. lack of availability of funds to finance more sophisticated and expensive health care. including the development of biocatalysts for foods. Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries. Kenyan biotechnology in the Global market. In addition. KARI. with nutra-ceutical and cosme-ceutical products as a potential area. biodiesel. biotechnology in the economy. ensuring effective regulation. KEPHIS. Ministry of Agriculture. In this regard. the fear of litigation and lack of a national biotechnology strategy to address six key themes that emerged from the national biotechnology policy which are biotechnology in the community. a National Biosafety Authority and associated legislation for the enhancement of the implementation and coordination of the national biosafety framework and strategy will be established during the plan period to ensure that the potential risks and opportunities from the introduction of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are accurately assessed and managed effectively. resources for biotechnology and finally maintaining momentum and coordination. KAM. The project offers opportunities to partner with industry and establish PPPs as well as promote essential foreign investment to add value to Kenyan biotechnology and in developing key regional and international markets. KEMRI. The rise in crude oil prices will provide opportunities for the country to develop alternative sources of fuel. We need to develop appropriate technologies for irrigation to cover dry or marginalized areas which could guarantee sustainable food security 27 . Agriculture biotechnology. KEFRI. and bio-generic manufacturing. The main players in implementing the biotechnology project include Ministry of Science and Technology. Ministry of Energy. for example. NMK-IPR.

vaccines and diagnostics requires the application of new cutting edge technologies and state-of-art laboratory facilities. high productivity and quality of agricultural produce and products as well as encourage growth of rural nonfarm enterprises. Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries. KEFRI. Ministry of Health. KIRDI. Kenya Association of Manufacturers. • Ensure low cost production and processing. Ensure value addition to farm waste as well as assess and advice on the capabilities and capacities of meteorological services vis a vis the demands in the agricultural sector • • Reduce supply side inefficiencies and improve market access Develop skills in agro-processing The main players in implementing the Value addition and Agro-processing Project include Ministry of Science and Technology. Ministry of Agriculture. The aim of this initiative is therefore to develop the Kenyan health system to international standards through ST&I. Such technologies include Molecular biology. Universities. KIRDI. Ministry of Energy. Ministry of Agriculture. KARI. Value Addition Initiative The aim of the project is to develop and promote value addition and agro-processing technologies to ensure high value exports through efficient and effective production. The project will. Universities. NMK. Genomics. Proteomics. nanobiotechnology and Bioinformatic sciences. • • Ensure the exploitation of indigenous foods for consumption and commercialization and will attract public-private partnership arrangements. Kenya Private Sector Alliance. KEPHIS. The main players in implementing this project include Ministry of Science and Technology. NMKIPR. Ministry of Trade and Industry. KEMRI.The main objective of this project is to develop new cultivars technologies and practice appropriate technology for maximum crop yield and food security. Health Initiative The need to create new medicines. KAM. Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries. It will ensure standards improvement and research in multi-sectoral health issues 28 . KARI. ERC.

TB and emerging infections. Kenya Association of Manufacturers. Ministry Information and Communication. E-Government Secretariat. The main players in implementing the Information. integrate and popularize the use of ICT and establish data sharing and value addition through national spatial data infrastructure and will attract public-private partnership arrangements. improve delivery of service through e-government strategy. In addition. communication. 29 . warning systems. Ministry of Trade and Industry. HIV/AIDS. reverse engineering.. facilitate development and growth of a robust ICT infrastructure. KEMRI. The project will help integrate information management and communication and also drive production systems. The ICT sector will also support development of BPO raw infrastructure and software through ST&I products and services and provide technological capacity and capabilities for business process offshoring. affordable and globally competitive ICT infrastructure and technology that will ensure efficient service delivery in all sectors of the economy including supporting the Business Process Outsourcing. Ministry of Health. malaria. provide a stable umbrella for public private sector growth. and nutrition.including infectious diseases. weather and other alerts. Advancements in information and communication technology will provide an important infrastructure for information communication to farmers and other stakeholders in terms of current market prices. neglected diseases. herbal medicine practitioners and Kenya Private Sector Alliance (KEPSA). inputs. NMK-IPR. National Aids Control Council (NACC). mainstreaming of herbal and traditional medicine into the national health care system and demonstration of their efficacy. ICT sector will intensify training efforts to build capacity in ICT. Universities. technology project include Ministry of Science and Technology. Information and Communication Technology Initiative The aim of this project is to develop high tech vibrant. Federation of Kenya Employers (FKE). Central Organization for Trade Unions (COTU). it will ensure commercial production of traditional plants for medicinal use and streamlining of the intersectoral and public-private sector partnerships in hi-tech medical technologies and improvement of cost effectiveness and efficiency of the health care delivery system. Universities. The main players in implementing the Health Initiative project include Ministry of Science and Technology.

NEMA. there is a growing recognition that the knowledge base on which to make informed decisions is weak. KEPSA. nationally. Universities. A National Water Research Development Project The aim of the Project will be to intensify research. Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources. Ministry of Energy. development and promotion in Indigenous technology in the water sector. irrigation technologies and Wetlands management. In addition. and Universities. Research institutions.Ministry of Finance (GITS). The project will also support the water sector reforms to facilitate the mainstreaming of ST&I into the water sector. Kenya ICT Board. As policymakers create broad policy and specific programs in keeping with changing and often conflicting societal values and demands. Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries. regionally. Ministry of water and irrigation. and globally). Ecological sanitation. the Communications Commission of Kenya (CCK) and KAM. Ministry of Cooperative Development and KAM. more stakeholders and interests are calling for scientific scrutiny and 30 . Ministry of Agriculture. and diverse stakeholders have increasingly polarized perspectives. other government ministries. it will ensure efficiency in mining and value addition in mineral processing. agriculture and industry. Development of a National Mineral Industry Project The aim of this project is to build Capacity and capabilities for mineral resource exploration and exploitation. The main players in implementing the National Mineral Industry project include Ministry of Science and Technology. KEPSA. Water Information systems. Integrated Water Resource Management. The main players include Ministry of Science & Technology. Natural Resource Management Initiative Natural resource management is challenging. Kenya ICT Federation. establish and implement Resource based human conflict mechanisms in the mining zones and determine the national mineral resource base. The project will improve the quality and quantity of water using low cost and effective technologies and improve water use efficiency by households. With the high stakes surrounding resource decisions (locally.

Universities. assessment and possibly the adjustment of production processes. strengthening energy efficiency and clean production. KIRDI. COTU. relevant Government Ministries and other relevant Research Institutes. Ministry of Science and Technology. 31 . KAM. Kenya lags behind in enhanced productivity due to inadequate coordination. technology and innovation into land. and strengthen programme for appropriate technology transfer. transfer and adoption of appropriate product and process technology. Total factor productivity can be increased by the generation. The aim of this project is therefore to integrate science. MoL. restructuring of the Industrial Training Levy Scheme. articulating the interests of the private sector into the TIVET reform process. Productivity Centre of Kenya. Labour productivity gains will be achieved through continuous upgrading of labour force skills. The main players in implementing this include the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources. MoT&I. KEPSA.involvement in making important resource allocation and management decisions. The government will support initiatives aimed at integrating issues related to HRD and efficient production planning in the curriculum of management courses offered by various training institutions. Productivity and Competitiveness Project Labour productivity is hinged on increased education training within a framework of matching private sector and labour skills while capital productivity is based on increasing capital utilization and investment in appropriate capital technology by all types of investors. The project will be implemented through public-private partnership arrangements. The main players in implementing this MoST. The main objective of this project is to design and implement productivity improvement interventions. There is need to stimulate research and development and technology transfer in ST&I while at the same time improving productivity and competitiveness of Enterprises. facilitating private sector driven research and development. marine and aquatic resource management decisions and policymaking and will attract public-private partnership arrangements. Other initiatives will involve incorporation of HRD and productivity issues in management programmes.

It will also establish the TIVET Authority. Legal and Regulatory Framework for Science. It will harmonize the system of examinations. acquisition. This project also aims at reviewing and harmonizing existing policies and laws governing TIVET. Technology and Innovation will be established to oversee the implementation of the ST&I policy. and qualification within the TIVET system. technologies and practices for the benefit of Kenyan people. use and transfer of technology. This project will also focus on reviewing the legal. the National IP Policy will be reviewed to ensure judicious enforcement of IPR to maximize incentives for exploitation and generation of ST&I. In addition. Institutional and regulatory framework to facilitate institution of a regulatory regime that will allow positive and defensive protection and beneficial exploitation of indigenous knowledge. use. acquisition. sensitization of all the stakeholders on the Act. Other outputs of this project include: • The identification of new science and technology policy choices for sustainable development as well as benchmarking good practice activities in support of the creation of framework conditions for ST&I • A Presidential Advisory Commission on Science. The project will also ensure political good will to support ST&I. it will develop and implement a national TIVET qualifications framework. certification. transfer and management of technology. • The project will ensure a coordinated and efficient system for development. Technology and Innovation in Kenya The project will focus on developing and implementing policies and enabling legislation to support the generation and utilization of ST&I. training and development of TIVET trainers. 32 .2. The project will ensure a coordinated and efficient system for development. credits.2. Finally. and drafting a TIVET Bill and enacting the TIVET Act. qualification.2 STRATEGY TWO: IMPROVE CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES OF ST&I INSTITUTIONS STRENGTHENING AND RE-ENGINEERING ST&I INSTITUTIONS PROGRAMME Review of the Institutional. It will involve putting in place mechanisms to establish the PAC – ST&I as well as appointment of the Presidential Advisory Commission. The project will also involve revision of legal frameworks governing registration.

The main players in implementing the legal and regulatory framework project include Ministry of Science and Technology.• A National Commission on Science. NACSTI will ensure timely and relevant advice to government on matters of ST&I in addressing National priorities. for improved social and economic development • Establishment of Research Councils for identified national priority sectors to facilitate the set objectives. Government Ministries. Technology and Innovation to strengthen its national ST&I coordination role. develop the innovation infrastructure and establish a system that prepares specialists and consulting services that are useful for participants in 33 . KAM and KIRDI. The project will target participation in the global science system. The NCST will be elevated to a National Commission on Science. KEPSA. Technology and Innovation (NACSTI) will also be established to enhance co-ordination of national ST&I. The Agency will implement the policy supporting all types innovation funding. National Innovation System Development Project The objective of this project is to create an effective national innovation system and coordinating Agency Under this programme the Government will establish a National Innovation Agency and system as the basis of effective national innovation system that responds to distinctive characteristics for Kenya and its implementing agency and to create economic stimuli for the collaboration of science-industry activities and joint research work. Universities. Access to data will be facilitated to maximize the value derived from public investments in data collection efforts. A National Technology Acquisition office and National ST&I Approval and Surveillance Council will also be established alongside this institution. Attorney General Office. A TIVET Authority will also be established to guide and determine technical training in the country including a National Qualifications Framework • Establishment of Access Regimes for National and International Digital Research Data from Public Funding will be done to develop a data base based on commonly agreed principles to facilitate optimal cost-effective access to digital research data for decision making. information and knowledge which will contribute to the advancement of scientific research and innovation. This will ensure International exchange of data.

and management for innovation activities. the development of market relations (1) in use of intellectual resources. Development Partners. Security Operators. ethical and results-oriented government Institutions. and address internal. Ministry of Home 34 . (4) services supporting the innovation. The main players in implementing the Financial Services Project include Ministry of Science and Technology. The project will ensure comprehensive financial information management systems are put in place. efficiency in the provision of banking services. Affairs. Government Ministries. Governance. Financial Services Project The aim of this project is to improve financial institutional efficiency and ensure commercial justice. Universities. Security and Rule of Law Project The aim of this project will be to use ST&I in enhancing the integrity. Bankers Associations. Office of the President. Ministry of Justice and Constitutional affairs. the development of multiple forms of funding and government support for innovation activities and the development of advanced technology based innovation clusters The main players in implementing this project will include Ministry of Science and Technology. Attorney General Office. public participation in governance. fostering democracy. Central Bank of Kenya and KEPSA. external and transnational security threats. (3 ) innovation products. Ministry of Finance. it will provide information to policy makers for decision making and enforcing the Rule of law. Attorney General Office. transparency and accountability of electoral processes. legal environment. KEPSA. Universities. The expected outcomes of the project will be the establishment of an effective national infrastructure. Capital Markets Authority (CMA). In addition. The main players in implementing this project will include Ministry of Science and Technology. Attorney General Office. Government Ministries. Professional Associations. modernized and upgraded banking networks and a robust and anti-fraud system. Industry Associations. (2) innovation assets. improve macro economic performance and competitiveness.innovation activities and act as a depository for information and data on inventions and innovations. Universities and Government Ministries.

NMK and TIVET institutions. These centers will be facilitated to tap from Institutions of higher education to assist in research activities and provide employment opportunities for ST&I graduates. identify and strengthen existing ST&I infrastructure with high potential for national development. Under the Centers of Excellence Support Project.3 STRATEGY EQUIPMENT THREE: IMPROVE ST&I INFRASTRUCTURE AND ST&I INFRASTRUCTURE AND EQUIPMENT PROGRAMME Centers of Excellence Support Project The aim of this project is to prioritize. The parks also encourage innovation levels to go up and exploitation of the already identified innovations into products and services leads to more National development 35 . Resources for establishment of the centers of excellence as per the needs identified will be provided as well as benchmarking of the centres of excellence. It will involve carrying out a survey to identify institutions and requisite human resource for establishment of centers of excellence. Universities. the Ministry of Science and Technology proposes the development of International Centers of Excellence. These Kenyan International Centers of Excellence will be effectively integrated into global nodes and hubs of networks enhancing Kenya’s regional and global competitiveness in the national priority areas identified. The main players include Ministry of Science & Technology. Establishment of Science and Technology Parks and Industrial Incubators project The aim of the science and technology parks and Industrial incubators project will be to establish technology parks and industrial incubators in Kenya to enhance the transfer of knowledge into products and services.2.2. the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI). The project will enhance public – private partnerships in ST&I and encourage the growth of SMEs. This will be followed by a needs assessment that will identify requirements for the centers. Kenya Industrial Research and Development Institute (KIRDI).

Kenya Industrial Research and Development Institute (KIRDI). and establishment of new facilities especially in national priority areas of growth. KAM Research Institutes and Universities. Ministry of Education. Ministry of State for Youth Affairs. It will strive to attract private sector investment in the TIVET sector. Universities and NMK Targeted ST&I Infrastructure Provision Project The aim of the project will be to provide critical ST&I infrastructure in priority sectors. 2. The main players include Ministry of Science & Technology. The project will ensure the provision of new. adequate and quality facilities for effective delivery of TIVET.2. The project will ensure efficiency of technology development and transfer and increase the capacity and capabilities of the productive sectors to adjust to the demands of vision 2030. KIRDI. KEPSA. This will involve upgrading. National Urban and Metropolitan Region Development Board. KEPSA. the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI). Fast Tracking of TIVET Facilities Project The aim of this project is to upgrade and increase TIVET facilities through partnership with the private sector including integration of ICT infrastructure and capacity. Ministry of Labour and Human Resource Development. expansion. Ministry of Roads and Public Works. The objective of this project is to promote the competitiveness and sustainability of the 36 .The main players include Ministry of Science & Technology. Other government ministries.4 STRATEGY FOUR: DEVELOPING CAPACITY AND CAPABILITIES FOR NEW AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES NATIONAL MATERIAL SCIENCES PROGRAMME Materials science provides the technical foundation for many of the nationʹs most vital industries: A strong multidisciplinary knowledge base is a prerequisite for efficiency improvement and innovations in national priority growth sectors. The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology.

Ministry of Health. Research Institutes. The main players in implementing the materials project include Ministry of Science and Technology. it will result in devices and systems with new levels of performance. effective and efficient. Nanotechnology Project The aim of this project is to develop appropriate high strength materials which are low cost. laser technology. eco-efficient and cost-competitive products. cleaner environment or new manufacturing systems. Universities. Building and construction Materials Project The aim of this project is the provision of cost effective high quality materials for high-tech infrastructure and transport designs. 37 . lower production costs. Ministry of Transport. Ministry of Local Government. Nanotechnology allows the manipulation of properties of materials at the molecular or atomic level. Manufacturing sector. Nanoelectronics are expected to create an impact on the local Electrical &Electronics industry. An example is the production of nanoscale devices for semiconductors. Laser Technology Project The project’s objective is to develop and promote laser technology for efficient and rapid industrial transformation. processes and services. giving rise to products with enhanced properties. much smaller manufacturing equipment. Professional Associations. The advantage of nanotechnology is its ability to be applied in diverse industrial use like automobile industry. Ministry of Housing. microelectronics processing and materials processing technologies. Ministry of Trade and Industry. textile industry. Research Institutes. Universities. faster production processes. health services among others. The main players in implementing the nanotechnology project include Ministry of Science and Technology. KAM. Ministry of Trade and Industry. When these new methodologies are adopted in production.manufacturing sector by building multidisciplinary knowledge base that will enable development of innovative. KEPSA. Ministry of Roads and Public works. Other novel techniques include production of nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes. The project’s main outputs will be ST&I infrastructure and skills development in nanotechnology.

of which much is being exported. had the greatest contribution to the growth of their national wealth. Space Sciences and Technology Initiative The Space project will promote and manage research and development on space technologies and their implications for the nation and will focus on space 38 . are examples of end products of certain manufacturing processes. Industrialization has been the direct result of the need for readily available. industrial machinery. The main players in implementing the laser technology project include Ministry of Science and Technology. building and construction industry. data communication. This should enable more utilization of metals available in the country including scrap metal. TIVET institutions. textiles. Manufacturing sector. KAM. Ministry of Trade and Industry. The project will also expand capacity for training in metal casting including the development of training programmes at the Craft and Artisan levels. automobiles etc. medicine and the military among others. military. a great demand for ‘semi-processed materials’. Electronic consumer goods. telecommunications. affordable.Laser technology has a wide application in areas of manufacturing. adequate and high quality goods and services. defense machinery. nearly always. In other words. research institutes. surveying and construction. KEPSA. Universities. universities. Ministry of Trade and Industry. The aim of this project is to improve technologies for processing materials for the improvement of the appearance properties of the semi-processed material or to produce new materials and to provide the technologies required for expansion and diversification of the metal industry. TIVET institutions. Ministry of Health. The main players in implementing this initiative include MoST. Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources and Ministry of Roads and Public Works. consumer electronics. The great demand for these products all over the world is a statement of a large amount of the physical substances used as inputs in their production or manufacturing. research institutes. silverware. Metal Processing Technologies Project The histories of the developed and the newly developed economies of the world show that the establishment of material processing industries has.

Universities. space technology and disaster management. Ministry of State for Defense. agricultural and forestry sectors as well as water resources. Fisheries. Ministry of Energy. Some of the priority areas of research should include health. KEPSA. KEFRI. information and telecommunications technologies and regulation. satellite communications. Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources. Specific research areas addressing impact. KARI. basic space science and satellite navigation and international space law. and KAM. communications. Ministry of Special Programmes. Kenya Horticultural Council. Ministry of Agriculture. Under the Project. and to improve the use of space science and technology for the economic and social development of the nation in particular. search and rescue. Main players in implementing this initiative include Ministry of information and communication. The Project will specifically address: basic space science. NEMA. natural resources management & environmental monitoring. seminars and other activities on applications and capacity building in.KENSPACE Project The aim of this project will be to enhance the understanding and subsequent use of space technology for peaceful purposes in general. workshops. Space Technology and Disaster Management project The main aim of space technology and disaster management project will be to 39 . Ministry of Health. establishment of the Centre for Space Science and Technology Education and Satellite Communications . Climate Change Project The aim of this project will be to develop technologies and capacities to predict. remote sensing. monitor and mitigate impacts of climate change and the appropriate institutional and legal frameworks for implementation of the scientifically rationalized responses. Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries. ERC. Ministry of Water. the Government will support training courses. MoST.exploration. Universities. The main players in implementing the climate change project include Ministry of Science and Technology. satellite meteorology. The project will ensure reduced rate of desertification. geo mapping. research institutes and KEPSA. adaptation and vulnerability to global climate change as well as greenhouse gases mitigation require to be identified and pursued in order to strengthen the national basis to cope with climate change problems in Kenya.

research institutes. land use and environment. The technologies have a central role to play in providing early warning to communities that are at risk. Ministry of Agriculture. The main players in implementing the Space Technology and Disaster Management project include Ministry of Science and Technology. NEMA. agriculture and food security. and geographic information systems. mitigation and preparedness phases of disaster management as demonstrated by the recent tsunami disaster in the Indian Ocean. nuclear instrumentation. mineralogy. provide an unparallel view of the Earth for studies that require synoptic or periodic observations such as inventory. and KAM. increased awareness will be undertaken among Kenyans to build the national capacity in order to effectively apply space technology-based solutions to disaster management challenges. surveying. land cover. Meteorological Department. in particular. Remote sensing is a rapidly growing technology and is one of the important spin-offs of space applications and space science. Priority areas for applications of nuclear sciences span energy development and planning. Ministry of State for Defense. Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources. The use of space technologies has been proven useful in the risk assessment. infrastructure. geodetic reference systems. cartography. 40 . and monitoring in agriculture. cooperate with regional and international bodies and agencies and funding mechanisms to support initiatives under the project. isotope techniques in water management. Peaceful uses of Nuclear Science and Technology Project The objective of the project will be to facilitate effective utilization of nuclear science and technology in support of Kenya’s national development The project will ensure acquisition and development of the requisite human resources. hydrography. In addition. human health. global navigation satellite systems. Ministry of State for Special Programmes. geology. radiation safety and waste management. and manufacturing and industry. Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries. Universities. KEPSA.Support development of early warning systems and knowledge based mitigation for natural and technological emergencies. Remotely sensed data. having evolved into a discipline working side-by-side with other disciplines such as photogrammetry. The project will also address environmental monitoring and natural resources management issues on the platform of space-based solutions through the body KENSIGHT.

1 STRATEGY ONE: INCREASE ST&I PERSONNEL AND IMPROVE ST&I SKILLS ST&I HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME The programmes objectives will be aimed at identifying. human health both in therapeutic and diagnostic areas in particular radiotherapy. it will be aimed at developing key competencies 41 . Kenya’s pool of talent is small and inadequately trained for integration into the job market. The current transition rate from secondary level education to university will be increased and the postgraduate training strengthened. FAO and WHO. IRRI. Nuclear Commission will be established to spearhead this initiative. irradiation facilities. developing and retaining world class ST&I human resources in support of development and achievement of national priority targets and supporting overall national development efforts. particularly in science and technology. ICIPE.3 Strategic Thrust Two: Development of Highly Skilled Human Resources The goal is to improve and increase the national pool of skills and talent and integrate it to the job market.3. Kenyatta National Hospital. manufacturing and industry including isotope production. The main players include Ministry of Science & Technology. water resources especial in ASAL. Spin offs expected include accelerated use and application of nuclear technology in agriculture and food security. acquiring. Kenya will deposit the necessary instruments as regards the safeguards Agreement on nuclear proliferation. ILRI. In addition. nuclear instrumentation all ably regulated by radiation safety and radioactive waste management infrastructure. ICRISAT. other relevant government ministries. Measures will therefore be taken to improve the national pool of skills and talent through training that is relevant to the needs of the economy.Kenya is obtaining International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) assistance in assessing the country’s uranium and thorium resources for future development of nuclear technology for power energy generation. nuclear medicine and communicable diseases. A National 2. 2. Universities and Research Institutions and other UN organizations like ICRAF.

technology and innovation education and training 42 . FKE. Ministry of Science and Technology. CHE. and attracting talented workers and leading researchers to Kenya. technological and innovation initiatives. Engineering and Technology (SET) Skills Project This project will. Ministry of State for Public Service. the development of innovation capabilities and entrepreneurial skills necessary to turn scientific research into commercial products. planning and budgeting for the investment in the improvement of skills and increase the number of ST&I human resource. Ministry of Education. and their implications for policy. Training and Research project The project will assess trends in supply and demand for ST&I graduates and identifying successful policy measures for increasing participation. Universities. analyzing changes in the mobility of students in science and technology fields. expertise and connections of Kenyans living and working overseas. KAM.for innovation in identified strategic areas to meet national and industry needs as well as ensuring gender parity in scientific. tap the skills. Ministry of Planning and National Development. The project will be implemented in collaboration with the Ministry of Labor and Human Resource Development. nanotechnology and bioinformatics. industry labour requirements. It shall provide information to support the skills and human resource requirements of new and emerging industries. in particular of women. processes and services. in scientific and technological education and careers. Strengthening of linkage between industry and institutions of higher learning in areas of curriculum review. Education. • • • Assess the existing SET skills Determine the requirements of SET skills for the country Draw up a strategy for closing the gap It will include an assessment of new and emerging industries in advanced manufacturing. Review of Science. Kenya National Examination Council (KNEC). including incentives attracting and keeping SET skills in industry The project will provide the basis for policy. This project will focus on science. KEPSA.

Ministry of Science and Technology. Universities. and technology more appealing and attractive from the early stages of education. Ministry of State for Youth Affairs. Ministry of Planning and National Development. Ministry of State for Public Service. FKE. The project will be implemented in collaboration with the Ministry of Labor and Human Resource Development. KEPSA 43 .at all levels and ages. KAM. In particular it will use the existing data sources and new statistical approaches on the career paths at all levels of education to make science and technology more appealing and attractive from the early stages of education. Ministry of Education. CHE. It will also promote access and advancement in ST&I by focusing on measures to create an environment to make science.

Universities. Under this project. KEPSA ST&I Capacity Building Project This project aims at developing a scheme of service that attracts and retains qualified and competent ST&I personnel in the civil service. The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. The project will also aim at imparting relevant skills to managers of TIVET institutions to prepare resource needs and capacity plans. Ministry of Labour and Human Resource Development. It will facilitate the integration of indigenous knowledge issues into curriculum and related teaching methodologies. regular reviews of curricula.ST&I Curriculum Review Project In order to ensure that the education. Ministry of Science and Technology. and associated training/learning materials. there will be regular continuous training needs assessment in every sector. professional growth. and motivation. Universities. The reviews will aim at ensuring that national and industry requirements are met and that a culture of innovation and creativity are nurtured. Ministry of Education. This project will also aim at promoting education and research in African indigenous knowledge systems within the national education and training system. development of demand driven curricula. Ministry of Planning and National Development. Ministry of State for Public Service. Ministry of Education. The project will be implemented in collaboration with the Ministry of Labor and Human Resource Development. KAM TIVET Institutional Capacity for Research & Development Project This project will aim at developing institutional capacity for promotion of research 44 . KIE. Ministry of State for Youth Affairs. a project to support the continuous review of curricula in all levels of education will be implemented in collaboration with the Ministry of Education. Ministry of State for National Heritage. It will also facilitate preparation of resource requirements proposals for support and procurement based-plans. Ministry of State for Public Service. It will also involve the review of staff development policies to promote further training for better service delivery. Ministry of State for Youth Affairs. KEPSA. The project will ensure a pool of qualified personnel for efficient and effective service delivery. training and research is grounded in science and technology.

Research Institutions and KEPSA. Universities. Ministry of Education. It will provide institutions with research equipment in all areas of training and develop staff on research methodology. Specifically the project will support implementation of integrated population registration and management system. the project will provide requisite advisory service and infrastructure for research and development. Ministry of Gender.and development in TIVET. Central Bureau of Statistics. Research Institutions. Ministry of Planning and National Development. KEPSA. KAM. The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. Ministry of Local Government. Ministry of State for Public Service. Ministry of State for Public Service. National Coordinating Agency for Population and development. Ministry of Labour and Human Resource Development. In addition. KEPSA. government and TIVET institutions in areas of research and development by promoting the creation and activities of professional associations to stimulate professional advancement of institutional and industry personnel. The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. KAM. The project will develop and sustain strong collaborations between industry. Sports. The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. Ministry of Education. Ministry of Labour and Human Resource Development. Culture and Social Services. Ministry of Lands and Settlement. Universities. development and implementation of nation land information management system and formulation and implementation of strategic development and investment plans for six metropolitan regions. Ministry of State for Youth Affairs. Population and Urbanization Project The aim of this project is to support the establishment of an Integrated Population and a national land Management System using ST&I. Ministry of Labour and Human Resource Development. 45 . Universities. Gender. The project will Support technology based business incubation and related Business support services for technology based enterprises. Research Institutions. Youth and Vulnerable Groups Project The aim of this project is to increase interest in technology skills among the youth and vulnerable groups and their effective participation in ST&I.

46% of GDP) Kenyans in the Diaspora face a lot of constraints that inhibit their effective participation in socioeconomic development of the country. For example. the Diaspora’s economic contribution through remittances constitutes large sources of external capital for many countries. legislation and other measures encourage the participation and contribution of their Diaspora. a project that involves the development and maintenance of a database on individual competencies in S&T professions would help isolate those to involve on matters of S&T. Despite remitting close to KShs 70 Billion annually (or 0. The international migration and development debate has increasingly emphasized the important role played by citizens of various countries working in the Diaspora. there is need to put in place structures and mechanisms that enable the country to evaluate the scientific and technological potentials of her nationals in the Diaspora. The project will attract public-private partnership arrangements with the main players being the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Consequently some countries have put in place policies. This project will be initiated with the goal of developing and implementing policies for attracting effective participation and contribution of Kenyan S&T professionals in the Diaspora. With regard to S&T. Establish necessary mechanisms for ST&I institutions in Kenya to collaborate with those in the Diaspora on national issues of ST&I. The main objective is to develop comprehensive multi-dimensional ST&I strategies for harnessing the Diaspora resources and mainstreaming it to national development. In this regard. Ministry of Education.The Brain Gain Programme The role of the Diaspora in the development of countries of origin is getting more recognition. Ministry of Science and Technology. • • Identify and provide opportunities for participation in national ST&I activities to Kenyans in the Diaspora. Ministry of State for Public Service. Kenya lacks statutory provisions and institutional framework for attracting the resources of as well of addressing concerns of her nationals in the Diaspora. Kenyan Missions abroad. In addition there will be need to. organized groups of 46 . Ministry of Labour and Human Resource Development.

3. Skills of supervisors. Ministry of Labour and Human Resource Development. promote 47 . KAM. Research Institutes. TIVET institutions. Universities. KAM. Ministry of State for Youth Affairs. Business Support Project for ST&I Startups The main objective of this project is to identify and support pioneering technopreneurs with business startup capital for commercialization of viable ST&I initiatives. KEPSA and Research Institutes. processes and services. 2. KEPSA. TIVET institutions. The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. Ministry of Education. Ministry of Trade and Industry. Ministry of Finance. KIPI. technicians and production workers in handling advanced technologies will be enhanced under this project The project will attract public-private partnership arrangements with the main players being the Ministry of Science and Technology.Kenyans abroad. KIPI. This project will develop human resources along the innovation value chain relating to technopreneurs. ST&I in Wholesale & Retail Trade Project The aim of this project will be to improve efficiency in the supply chain.2 STRATEGY TWO: ENHANCE TECHNOPRENEURIAL SKILLS AND SUPPORT SERVICES TECHNOPRENEURSHIP PROGRAMME Commercialization and Technopreneur Skills Project The main aim of this project is to facilitate an increase the number of technologybased enterprises within the Kenyan economy. KEPSA. and technology business managers amongst others. The objective of this project is to impart commercialization and technopreneur skills to Kenyans to facilitate them in turning domestic and international scientific research into commercial products. Research Institutions. Ministry of Trade and Industry. Universities. Universities. technology evaluation and business management. It will be aimed at closing the human resource gap in terms of skills and competencies related to risk assessment. technology licensing officers.

The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. 48 . Universities. TIVET institutions. KEPSA. processing and market access technologies and skills. acquision and application of production. The project will ensure ST&I enhanced efficiency in wholesale and Retail supply chain through improved process efficiency for MSMEs. Ministry of Labour and Human Resource Development. it will ensure provision of technology based business incubation support services and facilitation of development acquision and application of one stop shop technologies and unified taxation system to reduce cost of doing business. Ministry of Trade and Industry.producer based groups and improve the business environment. KIPI. skills development in technology based business for MSMEs. KAM. Jua Kali Association of Kenya. In addition. facilitation of development. Ministry of Finance. Research Institutes.

2. 2. a system of national recognition will be established to honor innovators.4 Strategic Thrust Three: Intensification of Innovation in Priority Areas The goal is to intensify innovation in national priority sectors. It will involve establishment of the Institutional framework as well as development and implementation of resource mobilization strategies including community fundraising. Indigenous technology. including universities. there will be increased funding for basic and applied research at higher institutions of learning and for research and development in collaboration with industries. Furthermore.4. Plenary Comments: What are targets on each of these projects from the 50Billion budget…A levy/taxation for research/strategies for fundraising/VAT amount going to ST&I/Discuss possible sources of funding/funds for scholarships/be explicit ST&I Endowment Fund Project The aim of this project is to set up a revolving and sustainable source of income for financing ST&I programmes. measures will be taken to coordinate research activities among the various institutions to ensure synergy and to avoid duplication. Measures will be taken to identify and protect this heritage. and supporting venture capital funding.1 STRATEGY ONE: INCREASE FUNDING FOR ST&I ST&I FUNDING PROGRAMME This programme will provide for the development and constant review of guidelines for Government funded ST&I projects and will also focus on public/private funding as well as general financing of ST&I initiatives. The funding sought will be for basic and applied research in recognition of the fact that today’s basic research is tomorrows applied technologies. In order to encourage innovation and scientific endeavors. which is part of our national heritage. Proven technical knowledge produced in industries and tertiary institutions. will be transformed into technologies and protected as intellectual property rights. remains unmapped and has exposed our national heritage to misuse by external interest groups. technology transfer initiatives. enhancing the role of women and the disadvantaged. To intensify innovation. direct contribution by community 49 .

KEPSA and strategic partners The Science.members. constituency development fund. Universities. The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. Research Institutions. The primary source of monies for setting up the endowment fund would be treasury who would commit a one-off allocation of billion Kenya shillings. It will also focus on survey on resource requirement for ST&I research and undertake resource mobilization for the fund. AG. The project will ensure continuous availability of funds for ST&I infrastructure. Universities. bursary funds and other devolved funds. It will involve setting up of the Institutional framework and legal framework for establishing the fund. Ministry of Education. Ministry of Finance. Research Institutions. implemented. The project will ensure continuous and sustainable availability of research funds. Ministry of Finance. savings from income generating activities. AG. Ministry of Education. upgrading and maintenance. AG. KEPSA and strategic partners The Kenyan National Research Fund Project The project will focus on establishing legal and Institutional frameworks for establishment and operationalization of the Kenya National Research fund. this would then be invested by the Fund Trustees in various ST&I initiatives and will attract public-private partnership arrangements. KEPSA and strategic partners ST&I infrastructural requirements will be determined. Research Institutions. The project will ensure existence of a legal mandate to mobilize resources for research. Universities. Development Partners. Technology and Innovation Infrastructure Fund Project The project is aimed at securing adequate local and international funding in support of national ST&I infrastructure development. Ministry of Education. The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. Ministry of Finance. Programmes targeting both local and international support will be established and 50 .

KEPSA. The project will ensure continuous availability of venture capital funds for ST&I development and will attract public-private partnership arrangements. This programme will aim at enhancing strategic partnerships in support of ST&I. KEPSA. venture capitalists and strategic partners Tax Concessions for Research and Development Project The aim of the Tax Concession for Research and Development (R&D) is to improve the international competitiveness of Kenyan companies by increasing investment in R&D. venture capitalists and strategic partners 2. Ministry of Finance. Ministry of Education. Universities. Research Institutions.4. job creation and economic prosperity. AG.2 STRATEGY TWO: IMPROVE COLLABORATIONS AND LINKAGES IN ST&I COLLABORATION AND PARTNERSHIP PROGRAMME International cooperation in ST&I is increasing in intensity and complexity. It aims at securing adequate local and international funding in support of requirements for ST&I venture capital funding. Universities. Strategic ST&I Linkages and Collaboration Project The objective of this project is to enhance the effectiveness and harmonize international science and technology cooperation and collaborations. The requisite legal and Institutional frameworks for establishing the fund will be established. encouraging better use of existing research facilities and giving enterprises greater incentive to acquire and improve technology The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. Research Institutions. It will be the main engine for driving techno-entrepreneurial growth. The project is expected to increase involvement of Kenyan scientists and researchers in 51 . The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology.Kenya National Venture Capital Fund Project The aim of the Kenya National Venture Capital Fund is to increase the amount of private investment capital for Kenyan companies in early stage of business development. AG. Ministry of Finance.

AG. Ministry of Finance. The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. 2. funding. consequently and consequently increased opportunity to utilize and commercialize these results. 52 . Other relevant Government Ministries Research Institutions. act as a stimulus to attract Kenyan researchers and scientists – who study and work in developed countries – in the participation of domestic ST&I initiatives. This programme will establish an information database of government-financed R&D results. human resources) in implementing ST&I priorities. acquisition of appropriate foreign technologies and supporting SME utilization of technology and will propose supportive policy measures The expected outcomes of the programme will be the provision of an increased opportunity for research organizations and researchers to benefit from their academic work as the result of improved intellectual property utilization and protection. The objective of the programme is to support improvement of the system of protecting and utilizing the intellectual property rights.3 STRATEGY THREE: IMPROVE KNOWLEDGE TRANSFORMATION AND STRENGTHEN THE IPR REGIME KNOWLEDGE TRANSFORMATION AND IPR PROGRAMME This programme aims at providing an enabling environment for the management and commercialization of intellectual property. Universities.international ST&I programs and projects.4. It will also support and stimulate the activities related to commercialization and popularization of research results. enhance activities in the adoption of advanced foreign technologies and increased foreign aid and support (technology. The programme will protect and encourage patenting of new innovations and will attract public-private partnership arrangements. the establishment of information database on R&D results. This programme will also periodically investigate and assess the ability of IPR regimes to foster domestic innovation. To accelerate the adoption of technology innovations that enhances visitors’ experience or improves business efficiency in the tourism sector. KEPSA and strategic partners.

KEPSA. Research Institutions. employment creation. Ministry of Gender.and an increase in the number of property rights agreements of R&D results. notably as regards SMEs. Ministry of Trade and Industry. The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. Universities. AG.. The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology.4 STRATEGY FOUR: MAP AND PROTECT INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AND TECHNOLOGY INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AND RESOURCES PROGRAMME The objective of this programme will be to tap into the rich scientific and technological viability that indigenous resources hold. Universities.particularly its potential contribution to sustainable development. This will result in increased economic growth. Culture and Social Services. 53 . KAM and strategic partners 2. Other relevant Government Ministries. Ministry of Trade and Industry. KIPI. Research Institutions. Ministry of Home Affairs and National Heritage. Awareness of the value of indigenous knowledge . Other relevant Government Ministries. KIPI. KAM and strategic partners Assessment of the Impact of IPR n National Innovation System Project The aim of this project is to assess and investigate the ability of technology markets to disseminate patented inventions and identifying effective policy measures to strengthen innovation capabilities. Commercialization of Indigenous Resources and Knowledge Project This project aims at enhancing exploitation and commercialization of indigenous resources and knowledge. Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife. Examine exemptions for research use of patented inventions and assessing their effect on the conduct of scientific research. Sports. The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. AG. KEPSA. increased variety in terms of products and services and will attract public-private partnership arrangements.4. Ministry of Trade and Industry. is also growing at a time when such knowledge is being threatened as never before.

KAM. The outputs of this project include: Distinguished Women Scientists Award Project These awards are aimed at recognizing and enhancing the role of Kenyan women researchers and scientists. women play and continue to play significant. Technology and Innovation Milieu” are proposed. It will also be the main source of information on the various forms of knowledge and technologies held and used by traditional and/or local Kenyan communities. Indigenous Knowledge and Technologies Documentation project This project will aim at establishing a Kenyan Indigenous Knowledge and Technologies Databank. It will also establish an “Indigenous knowledge and technologies on-line” facility aimed at actively acquiring and disseminating Kenya’s tangible and intangible indigenous knowledge and technology It will allow citizens to have easier access to information. NMK. Research Institutions. Sports. KAM. but often unrecognized roles in the national development processes. technopreneurs and policy makers in the identified national priority areas. KEPSA.Research Institutions.4. The project will reward outstanding (eminent) Kenyan researchers. namely “Distinguished Women Scientists Awards” and “Women 54 . 2. KIPI. In this regard. Other relevant Government Ministries. various biannual awards to celebrate “Women in the Kenyan Science. recognize and award outstanding ST&I initiatives in order to create a culture of a country that appreciates and promotes its researchers. NMK. technopreneurs.5 STRATEGY FIVE: SYSTEM NATIONAL ST&I REWARD AND RECOGNITION NATIONAL INNOVATION RECOGNITION PROGRAMME ST&I Awards Project The project goal will be to identify. Universities. Culture and Social Services. engineers and innovators. In Kenya. Universities and Strategic partners. scientists. AG. The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. Ministry of Health. KIPI. Ministry of Gender. and strategic partners. Ministry of Trade and Industry. and innovators in ST&I. engineers.

2. Distinguished Technologist Award Project These awards are aimed at recognizing the role of technologists the award will also recognize contributions to innovation and scientific development by lower cadre individuals. technology and innovation. KEPSA and strategic partners. Technopreneurs’ Awards Project The award will recognize innovation and scientific development by entrepreneurs – individuals and firms . The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology.in the application of science.4. the youth constitute the largest and fastest growing component of the population. Other relevant Government Ministries. including the commercialization of Kenyan science. Universities. It will target strengthening the national metrology. Young Scientists and Students Awards are aimed at attracting and retaining the youth. technology and innovation. Ministry of Finance. This will encourage innovations and entrepreneurship in ST&I. both men and women. This will result in better products and services within the ST&I sector and increased competitiveness.Scientists Fellowships”. KIPI. The national innovation recognition programme will attract public-private partnership arrangements.6 STRATEGY SIX: QUALITY ASSURANCE AND STANDARDS QUALITY ASSURANCE AND STANDARDS PROGRAMME Quality Assurance and Standards Project The project aims at promoting quality assurance and standards in ST&I activities by ensuring high quality and relevance of products and services required for industrial transformation and growth. testing and quality system. Ministry of Trade and Industry. They are also the bedrock upon which the countries future success will be built and sustained. technology and innovation field. at all levels of education and training into the wide science. In addition it will ensure a reliable TIVET system for quality skills for social and economic growth of the nation. 55 . Young Scientists Awards and Prizes Project In Kenya. Research Institutions. standards.

KIPI. KeBS. 2. Universities. Universities. CHE. Ministry of Labour. Research Institutions. Ministry of Trade and Industry. KAM and strategic partners. Ministry of Labour. Technology and Innovation Awareness The goal is to create and promote a national culture on ST&I. 56 . KAM and strategic partners. Other relevant Government Ministries. KEPSA. Other relevant Government Ministries. Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems. TIVET Authority. Entrenchment of International Business Standards Project Greater global competition and growing awareness of social responsibility have led to the formulation of international business standards. professional associations. KIPI. occupational health and food safety management. adopting international business models in public service delivery. CHE. These standards represent international consensus on business practices on quality management. Research Institutions. which influence workplace practices. Examples are the application of ISO 9000 (Quality Management Systems). environmental management. TIVET Authority. Ministry of Trade and Industry. The aim of this project is to increase efficiency in the management of public affairs.5 Strategic Thrust Four: Science. The main players in implementing the project will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. efforts will be made to promote awareness of new ideas and discoveries to the general public.The main players in implementing the project will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. In view of the importance of STI in society. ISO 22000 (Food Safety Management Systems) among others. KEPSA. KeBS. ISO 14001 (Environment Management Systems).

researchers. Ministry of Information and Communication. KIPI. This project will also popularize ST&I and TIVET through advocacy for positive TIVET image. It enables promotion of closer interaction between the natural sciences and technology. schools. will be formulated and implemented. media. Public Awareness Project The project aim is to enhance public awareness of the importance of science. disseminate and popularize scientific knowledge. parliamentarians. Universities. Research Institutions. Guidelines for more attractive methods of training will be developed and implemented. Ministry of Trade and Industry. social sciences. KEPSA and strategic partners. technology and innovation. Information is a crucial component and a powerful means of achieving development goals. Admission on guidelines that recognize achievement in technology education will be developed. Other relevant Government Ministries. The project will establish and maintain partnerships with the media to market TIVET programmes. humanities.5. and promote a closer interaction between the natural sciences and technology. provincial administrators etc. policy makers. The project will help Kenyans to understand and appreciate ST&I issues. NGOs and CBOs 57 . Given the identified critical role for science. it will be important that ST&I matters receive due attention in communication and advocacy. Sensitization programmes for the public. social sciences. NMK. technology and innovation in everyday life.2. Media organizations. professional associations. The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. research Institutions as well as industry must be capable of communicating and engaging in debate on scientific issues in a comprehensive and professional manner.1 STRATEGY ONE: ENHANCING THE LEVEL AND DEPTH OF PUBLIC AWARENESS OF ST&I TO FACILITATE SUPPORT FOR THE SECTOR AND UTILIZATION OF ITS OUTPUTS ST&I PUBLIC COMMUNICATION AND ADVOCACY PROGRAMME Deliberate programme on ST&I advocacy/budgets for advocacy (communication) should be included in research undertakings. humanities.

technology communities enterprises and communities to compete in world markets provides tangible returns such as developing a skilled workforce. The project will ensure discussion on the present and future issues. Media organizations. private sector and international organizations. exchange information in science. Research Institutions. Universities. and help people see that Kenya is the place to make those ideas become reality. media and international organizations. Ministry of Information and Communication. The programme includes initiatives to raise awareness about the importance of ST&I literacy for increasing food security and household incomes The project will ensure up scaling community ST&I technological capacities and in 58 . Outreach efforts help them dream the big dreams. The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. KIPI. parliaments. inspire new ideas. KEPSA and strategic partners. The project aims at providing a wide range of ST & I services to Kenyans partnership with the NGO. accessible post-secondary learning opportunities in established and emerging fields of study. and make futureoriented recommendations to key stakeholders including governments.Round Table Series on. and helping Kenya’s small and medium-sized science. It will also strengthen the ST&I skills and to enhance the early numeracy and creativity of pre-school children. examine the process of decision-making on issues of science legislation and the role of various stakeholders. problems and challenges concerning science and technology legislation. Technology and Innovation Project This project will aim at a series of bi-annual roundtables bringing together participants from across the country. “Science. Other relevant Government Ministries. NGOs and CBOs ST & I and Community Outreach Project Encouraging students to recognize the possibilities in science and research. technology and innovation. Ministry of Trade and Industry. That is what makes ST&I outreach absolutely critical to our future prosperity. CBO and Industry sector. and to enhance community-based partnerships that support the development of ST&I skills of families. ensuring affordable. building prosperous companies in diverse sectors and creating vibrant communities. academia. region and internationally drawn from governments.

Universities. Under this project. Culture and Social services. The main players will include the Ministry of Science and Technology. KIPI. NGOs and CBOs and Research Institutions. Ministry of Trade and Industry. The Project will provide opportunities for adults to take part-time learning opportunities through Community Based organizations and volunteer tutors The main players in the project include Ministry of Science and Technology. NGOs and CBOs. AG.6. professional associations. Local Authorities and the Ministry of Gender. technology and innovation for national development. Technology and Innovation Performance Management Framework 2. Ministry of Health. 2. Universities. Research Institutions. an Office for Regulation of Ethics and Values in Science. Other relevant Government Ministries.1 STRATEGY ONE: FACILITATE TARGETED PERFORMANCE FOR EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF ST&I INTERVENTIONS ST&I PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT IMPACT ASSESSMENT PROGRAMME The goal is to develop quantifiable targets and tools to measure the implementation 59 . KEPSA and strategic partners.6 Strategic Thrust Five: Strengthening the Science.address community ST&I issues. under the general purview of the codes. National Research and Surveillance Council. Technology and Innovation (National Research and Surveillance Council) will be created. Ministry of Education. These codes will guide all research. science. Technology and Innovation Project This project will be aimed at promoting ethical code of conducts in ST&I and developing various national codes of ethics to govern and institutionalize ethical behavior in the application of science. engineering and technology Institutes and agencies establish procedures for investigating and judging infringement on defined codes of ethics and values. as well as other lifelong learning opportunities. Sports. ST&I ETHICS AND VALUES PROGRAMME National Code of Ethics & Values in Science.

and performance of this plan in achieving the Vision 2030 goals. Engineering and Technology Institutions project Kenya’s public science. and the Medium Term Plan This project will develop and support mechanisms for identifying and sharing good practice approaches to the development of improved methodologies for the assessment of economic and societal impacts of ST&I. Support Programmes. The project is intended to secure continued growth of centers of excellence in Science. Besides. engineering and technology Institutions are performing below par. technology and Innovation through the provision of adequate facilities. upgrading of technology and competent human resource. and enable employees to obtain a fair share of the gains arising from productivity growth and performance improvements. The project will provide data and information for improvement on future implementation of the medium term plan. Strengthening the Evaluation of Public Research Organizations. a Comprehensive Web Based Performance Management System will also be developed to provide a more robust mechanism for translating the overall strategic priorities for the science base into specific aims and objectives for the various implementing agencies of this policy. the government will increase the rate of knowledge transfer and level of interaction with business. It will also address the question of identifying best practices in S&T policies to respond to the challenges and opportunities of increased globalization. with explicit targets to grow their proportion of collaborative research. In this project. Investments required for effective science. 60 . The Government’s ambition is to foster a strong. technology and innovation policy demand a constant review of outputs and outcomes through a performance management framework. The main players will be ST&I Medium Term Plan sector team Performance Framework for Public Science. vibrant research base which attracts both talented individuals and corporate investment into the Kenya and supplies trained personnel and knowledge for the economy. It will enable development of a wider and systematic approach towards improving productivity and rationalizing the involvement and cooperation of their employees.

review of upgrading of national polytechnics to offer technology degrees. research and development: funds and technology linkages. establishment and operationalization of a national research database and dissemination of research results and findings. The main players will be ST&I Medium Term Plan sector team 2. It is expected to provide factual and policy neutral data. TIVET reforms that include establishment of National Training Strategy. operation of the National Advisory Committee on Biotechnology Advances and Applications. technology. industry. academic research and development. establishment of ST&I and TE centres of excellence. the Research Endowment Fund. integration of ICT into industrial and technical training programmes and development of a TIVET National Qualification Framework. Some of these projects include the Pilot NEPAD African ST&I Indicators Initiative. Kenya’s science and engineering labour force. Science and Engineering Indicators Almanac project This project is expected to provide data in respect of basic and secondary education. higher education in science and engineering. This project on Research. ST&I collaborations and linkages (national and international). 61 . science and technology: public attitudes and understanding as well as other indicators. science and engineering enterprise. Research. review and modularization of TEP curriculum. Other on-going projects to be build upon include review and rationalization of the National Industrial Attachment Policy.7 Coordination with Ongoing ST&I Projects There are a number of ST&I sector on-going projects that will be addressed and build upon in the implementation of the ST&I flagship programmes.The main players will be ST&I Medium Term Plan sector team and the various Research institutions. establishment of model Youth Polytechnics. and the global marketplace. Science and Engineering Indicators (RSEI) will be aimed at producing high quality quantitative data on the Kenya’s research.

3

OTHER PROGRAMMES

Matching Industry- Human Resources Requirements Project Competition arising out of globalization, together with technological advancements, intensifies the demand for a more highly skilled workforce. Education and knowledge will be a major determinant of competitiveness at the national, organizational and individual levels. There is a need for a high degree of coordination between industry, and educational and training institutions, to address the mismatch between the output from these institutions and industry requirements. This project will establish a more effective mechanism to monitor human resource trends and match industry requirements. Mainstreaming Gender in Science, Technology and Innovation Project Gender discrimination practices truly limit the ability of the country to grow and reduce poverty. Differences between girls and boys in performance at school are more linked to home and school environments than dependent on innate differences. This project aims at spurring action in national scientific and academic communities towards increasing women’s participation in S&T careers, collecting sexdisaggregated data, conducting rigorous research and building public awareness of gender issues in ST&I. It will ensure equitable sharing of resources and development opportunities between genders and integrate women into all sectors of development, in accordance with their capabilities and needs. The project will improve the percentage of women in ST&I, taking into consideration that there is a greater number of females, compared with males, enrolled in secondary and tertiary educational institutions. The project will work towards more investments in attracting and sustaining females in the ST&I field through creating a more conducive and flexible work environment for the employment, as well as reemployment, of competent and skilled women. Mainstreaming Physically Challenged Persons in ST&I There is a need to increase the participation of persons with disabilities in science, technology and innovation activities. It is estimated that about 1 per cent, of Kenya’s population comprises persons with disabilities. The project will establish affirmative action to provide greater opportunities for the utilization of the ST&I capabilities and

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the talents of the persons with disabilities and also create a conducive and supportive environment which can accommodate such individuals.

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4

KEY ENABLING SECTORS FOR SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION

4.1

Introduction

The role of key enabling sectors will be to facilitate the science, technology and innovation sector realize its objectives of; • Strengthened technical capabilities and capacities in assimilating ST&I knowledge to increase competitiveness, creating better production processes, with strong emphasis on technological learning and enhancing the capacities of STI institutions in training of personnel, provision of improved infrastructure, equipment and strengthening linkages with actors in the productive sectors. • Adequate availability of skilled ST&I human resource that is aligned to the job market and capable of driving the Kenyan economy into higher value-added activities. • • Intensified innovativeness for better globally competitive products and services in the national priority growth sectors identified in Vision 2030. Promotion of awareness on new ideas and discoveries to the general public and support to initiatives to develop ST&I solutions to address current and future development problems; and • Strengthening the ST&I Performance Management Framework

4.2

Science, Technology and Innovation Key Enabling Sectors Role

The ST&I sector has identified the following sectors as critical in the realization of the sector medium term plan 2008-2012 objectives

4.2.1 INFRASTRUCTURE SECTOR
Infrastructure is a necessary prerequisite for effective utilization of science, technology and innovation. Lessons from global experience suggest that infrastructure development provides an important lever through which a nation can

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4. creating and supply of a critical mass of human resource in technical. assist in ST&I human reources planning. continuous skills upgrading within employment. generation. technopreneurship training curriculum development. undertake and facilitate on-the-job training for ST&I personnel. The sector will also be important in reinforcing the national capability to make science and technology more appealing and attractive from the early stages of education and in implementation of specific ST&I human resource development initiatives such as science fellowships. In this regard. curriculum review to articulate ST&I needs. 4.2 EDUCATION SECTOR Education and training ensures the supply of adequate and competent human resource necessary for ST&I development.2. prioritize research and knowledge generation in higher education in ST&I. In this regard. the sector will be a key enabler in absorption of skilled ST&I personnel. and other policy and educational reforms critical to attainment of ST&I development. distribution and consumption in value chain. the sector will be a key enabler in supporting in establishing Centres of Excellence. 65 . development and management to enhance labour mobility and interaction and in other infrastructure policies and reforms critical to attainment of ST&I development by aligning the same with the ST&I strategy and policy. service and natural infrastructure planning. support to TIVET curriculum review and implementation as well as TIVET structure and qualifications framework. enabling access to and equitable education training opportunities in ST&I. research training at university level. support to co-curriculum ST&I related activities. In this regard. the infrastructure sector will be a key enabler in physical and service infrastructure development and management to support production. adequate supply of modern ST&I equipment and materials in all the sector’s teaching and training institutions.enhance its level of scientific and technological application and development.2. SET skills and numeracy skills. efficient and cost-effective physical. management and application of ST&I knowledge within and without industry.3 LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT SECTOR Labour and employment ensures absorption and utilization of human resource. provision of quality ST&I infrastructure at all levels of education institutions.

integration into the National Innovation System. diversify and accelerating adoption of technological application in niche areas. enhancing institutional capacities for HR management.4 TOURISM SECTOR The Tourism sector is a key enabler in the attainment of the ST&I MTP objectives. encouraging and supporting technoprenuership and commercialization of agricultural research.2. planning and development. establishing strategic partnerships and collaborations. public sector organizations and academia. integration into the NIS and pursuit of knowledge transformation and use of IPRs. prioritization and support research in niche areas. strengthen collaboration in ST&I HRD among industry. encouraging and pursuing knowledge transformation and IPRs.2. review human capital needs and enabling legislative environment. adoption of performance-based compensation system.2.promote technoprenuership training in firm settings. The agricultural sector will be key in enabling the ST&I sector in adoption of value addition productivity and competitiveness enhancing technologies. investing. diversify and accelerating adoption of technological application in niche areas. The sector will also enable the ST&I sector by aligning its policy with the ST&I national policy and strategy 4. create competitive employment environment to attract and retain skilled manpower and align the sector policy with the ST&I policy and strategy 4. establish strategic partnerships and collaborations. prioritization and support of research in niche areas. The sector will also enable the ST&I sector by aligning its policy with the ST&I national policy and strategy 4. adaptation and utilization of ST&I to foster Kenya’s global competitiveness and innovativeness in agricultural production and processing. encourage and support technoprenuership and commercialization of research in the sector.5 AGRICULTURE SECTOR The ST&I sector has prioritized a number of agricultural initiatives as requisite to attain accelerated adoption. The sector will enable the sector in investing.6 SOCIAL EQUITY AND POVERTY REDUCTION SECTOR The social sector will play a significant role in empowering communities access ST&I 66 .

diversify and accelerate adoption of technological application in niche areas. flexibility for industry practitioners-in-residence programmes. 67 . support higher education training in specialized ST&I fields. support in establishing ST&I parks and industrial incubators. collaborations and linkages in training of manpower. participate in ST&I and TIVET curriculum review. flexibility in accomodating and tapping from brain gain. encourage and support technoprenuership and commercialization of research findings.2. integration into the National Innovation System and encourage sector stakeholders to support and pursue knowledge transformation initiatives and IPRs. collaborative research with higher education training institutions. The sector will also enable the ST&I sector by aligning its policy with the ST&I national policy and strategy 4. diffusion and adoption of value addition productivity and competitiveness enhancing technologies. among other things encourage the outsourcing of non-core and labour-intensive activities to potentially productive groups. The sector will. investing. technological learning engagement.2. entrepreneural attachment opportunities. including persons with disabilities and the vulnerable and in prioritising and enabling investment of devolved funds in ST&I investments. adaptation and utilization of ST&I to foster Kenya’s global competitiveness and innovativeness. The sector will also enable the ST&I sector by aligning its policy with the ST&I national policy and strategy 4. The manufacturing sector will in this regard be a key enabler of the sector in participating effectively in collaboration in R&D in technology assessment and niche areas.. generation. prioritize and support research in niche areas. support in provision of targeted ST&I infrastructure.7 MACRO-ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK SECTOR The macro-economic framework will enable the ST&I sector in enabling fiscal and monetary incentives for the support of ST&I initiatives. providing fiscal and financial incentives for the support of technoprenuership and commercialization initiatives. technopreneurship engagements.8 MANUFACTURING SECTOR SECTOR The ST&I sector has prioritized a number manufacturing initiatives as requisite to attain accelerated adoption.

10 WHOLESALE & RETAIL SECTOR The wholesale and retail sector is also critical in enabling the ST&I sector realize its goals. formulate and adopt performance-based management .2. create and support an efficient public service. create competitive employment environment in public service to attract and retain skilled manpower. create and sustain open and transparent communication channels in the management of public affairs.2. SECURITY AND RULE OF LAW SECTOR The sector will enable the ST&I sector in enhancing institutional capacities for HR management. utilization of IPRs and standards and alignment of policies relating to wholesale and retail with the ST&I strategy and policy 4. The sector will also enable the ST&I sector by aligning its policy with the ST&I national policy and strategy. planning and development. 4.4. enhance institutional capacities and capabilities for ST&I management. review public sector human capital needs and enabling legislative environment.2.9 GOVERNANCE.11 INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) SECTOR The ICT sector will be key in realizing the programme goals of ST&I. Narrowing the digital divide and enable and empower communities gain access to scientific and technological 68 . increasing uptake of technologies. planning and development. facilitate involvement of Kenyans in national governance and public policy making. create a competitive employment environment in public service to attract and retain skilled manpower. review public sector human capital needs and enabling legislative environment. formulate and adopt performance-based compensation and reward system. The sector will play an important role in stimulating and supporting ST&I initiatives. fast track review. create and sustain conducive environment and democratic procedures for workers to realize their full potential. The sector will enable the ST&I sector realize it objectives by being predisposed to acquire and exploit technology. institutional and policy framework. enactment and enforcement of enabling ST&I legal. communicate effectively on public policy on ST&I. simplifying ST&I information search and registration procedures. create and sustain conducive environment for enterprenuership and IPR regimes as well as special security for critical ST&I infrastructure and installation.

14 HEALTH SECTOR Health is an enabler in determining labour productivity. The health sector will enable the ST&I sector realize its objectives by supporting research in niche and neglected areas. integration into the National Innovation System. encourage and pursue knowledge transformation and IPRs.2.13 POPULATION AND URBANIZATION SECTOR Population growth is an asset for a growth oriented nation.2. in supporting the sector in integrating herbal and indigenous health concerns and in formulating and implementing a codes of conduct in health research and technologies. and align financial services sector with the ST&I strategy and policy 4. encouraging and supporting technoprenuership and commercialization of research in finance. prioritization and support research in niche financial areas. 4. technological application in the health service delivery. in promotion and awareness creation of ST&I. establish strategic partnerships and collaborations. the sector will invest in ST&I infrastructure. Towards this end. enable and support virtual learning.12 FINANCIAL SERVICES SECTOR The financial sector will be a key enabler in ST&I sector in investing. The alignment of population and urbanization policies with the ST&I strategy and policy will also be key in enabling the sector. the ICT sector will assist the ST&I sector communicate and disseminate information on research. diversify and accelerating adoption of technological application in niche areas. In this regard. Population and urbanization are two key facilitators of integration of ST&I into growth and development. The sector will also contribute to enabling the ST&I sector through relevant national and international strategic ST&I partnerships and collaboration in the health sector as well as aligning heath policies with the ST&I strategy and policy. including provision of spatial considerations that will permit effective and costefficient mechanisms of mobility and land use that will enable ST&I applications and innovation to flourish. facilitate development and growth of a robust ICT and infrastructure to stimulate and support ST&I. The sector will also enable the ST&I sector by ST&I strategy and policy.opportunities.2. 4. 69 . provision and establishment of quality health infrastructure.

2. YOUTH AND VULNERABLE GROUPS SECTOR The sector will enable ST&I sector through creating employment and preparing young people in taking up technology-based enterprises.16 GENDER. secure and safe environment is critical for development of the ST&I sector. contributing to affirmative action for women in science and technology and encouraging pursuit of knowledge transformation and IPRs as well as aligning heath policies with the ST&I strategy and policy. WATER AND SANITATION SECTOR Provision of a clean. Water and sanitation plays a significant role in permitting establishment of ST&I infrastructure. 4. 70 . The sector will however mainly support the ST&I sector through aligning its policies with the ST&I national strategy and policy. diversify and accelerate adoption of technological application in training institutions run and managed by the gender and youth ministries. invest.4.2.15 ENVIRONMENT.

enforcing intellectual property rights.2 0 1 2 5. improving the system of education and research • Increasing the awareness of need for technology among stakeholders of economy.5. the business. This system (see fig 4) will ensure coherence and integration of national ST&I system components to support the achievement of the Kenya Vision 2030 goals by: • Facilitating the development and application of knowledge intensive technologies • Developing innovative and creative human resource and enhancing innovation activities through constant upgrade of technologies • Provide stimulus for investments in new knowledge and advanced technologies. Although Kenya has had successes in various fields of research. the framework conditions in which the subsystems interact dynamically and responds to national needs. these achievements have been based on isolated individual efforts leading to limited socioeconomic impact. • Increasing the public understanding and Government support for creating an enabling environment. is directly associated with the predominantly linear innovation system that does not effectively serve critical national needs. particularly in medical and agricultural research. 2 0 0 8 .1 Introduction The current slow progress in the transition of our economy into a knowledge-based economy. STRENGTHENING THE K E N YA N AT I O N A L I N N O VAT I O N S Y S T E M . ST&I infrastructure and. The national innovation will therefore be reorganized to ensure that its subsystems comprising education and research. knowledge intermediaries. 71 .

regulatory and institutional reforms According to the Science. Facilitate involvement of scientists and technologists in national governance and public policy making Review staffing and leadership of ST&I institutions with a view to promoting progressive gender parity in national ST&I initiatives Provide for the examination of and advice on ethical issues regarding research activities.3 STRATEGIC POLICY OBJECTIVE 2 To integrate ST&I into all sectors of the economy 5. Proposed policy.4 STRATEGIES TO IMPLEMENT POLICY Establish structures in the education system to promote the advancement and use of ST&I in all productive sectors of the economy. Promote institutional re-engineering geared towards providing a governance framework to support autonomy. coordination. legal. Strengthen the role of ST&I players in Policy formulation. 5. 5. planning and budgetary processes 72 .2.2 STRATEGIES TO IMPLEMENT POLICY Provide for continuous review of policies impacting on mainstreaming of ST&I in all sectors of the economy.1 STRATEGIC POLICY OBJECTIVE 1 To develop a coherent and focused legal.2. technology and innovation. institutional and regulatory framework to support the growth.2. the following reforms were identified as appropriate for the ST&I sector: 5.2. Technology and Innovation Policy and Strategy. partnership-based application of ST&I to address Kenya’s development challenges.5.2. development and utilization of science. Establish an enabling legal and regulatory framework to support the growth. application and utilization of ST&I.

5 STRATEGIC POLICY OBJECTIVE 3 To promote the empowerment. • offers a means of identifying what needs to be done without automatically tying necessary functions to any particular institution or organization. currently in place. Promote innovation in commercial and manufacturing enterprises 5.2. as illustrated in Figure 2 is important for the following reasons: • affords an opportunity for articulation of means of promoting coherence and integration among national activities.Establish ST&I units in ministries and departments to act as champions for advancement of ST&I initiatives. This new Kenya National Innovation System (KNIS) aims at ensuring that there is greater harmony in ST&I policy prioritization coupled with a coherent implementation of identified priority ST&I programmes and projects. equal and full participation of women. Technology and Innovation Policy Framework.8 STRATEGIES TO IMPLEMENT POLICY National Innovation System Reforms Adoption of the national system of innovation as the basic institutional framework for articulating Kenya’s Science. by using the latest advances in science. youth and disadvantaged persons in all ST&I activities 5. • focuses attention on innovation in doing new things in new ways rather than simply on the production of knowledge alone. technology and innovation. The 73 .2.6 STRATEGIES TO IMPLEMENT POLICY Develop and mainstream a policy framework to entrench and address gender parity in the ST&I sector 5. two factors that have been sorely neglected in the Kenyan STI system of the past.7 STRATEGIC POLICY OBJECTIVE 4 Facilitate acceleration of the accomplishment of national strategic and security related objectives.2.2. 5.

Technology and Innovation (POSTI) will be set 74 . FIGURE 2: PROPOSED INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MEDIUM TERM PLAN FOR Establishing and Strengthening of Policy Institutions The new KNIS Policy institutions will be focused around the ministry responsible for science. A Parliamentary Office for Science.institutions created are classified as policy. Technology and Innovation (PACSTI). regulatory and implementation institutions. These will include the Presidential Advisory Commission on Science. PACSTI will be drawn from members of the National Economic and Social Council (NESC). technology and innovation.

Establishing and Strengthening of Regulatory Institutions A number of regulatory agencies and mechanisms will be set-up or strengthened to ensure that ST&I activities in the country are carried out within acceptable ethical and social parameters. This will be pursued through active Interagency Councils. This will also ensure that there is better liaison between the legislative and executive arms of government to ensure that law making rapidly responds to ST&I policy needs in a rapidly changing environment. a Research Approval & Surveillance Council (RASC) will be set up under the MoST to ensure that research approvals are rapidly undertaken and that surveillance is strengthened. A key component of this effort will be to ensure that there is alignment between the country’s ST&I goals and the operational plans of the various ministries and agencies. 75 . In this regard. formulate and spearhead ST&I policy and strategy. it is expected that this office will spearhead the effort to ensure that lawmakers make laws that support Kenya’s national strategic interests. whose main agenda will be the development of Sectoral Science. NACSTI will be fully involved in policy development. Technology and Innovation (NACSTI). Further. The NACSTI will have a board comprising public and private sector to oversee its operations.up to ensure that the legislative arm of government is fully appraised of the need to prioritize ST&I Policy together with the accompanying legislation. Technology and Innovation Plans and see to their implementation. In this regard. The Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) will be reorganized to ensure it acquires the necessary capacity and capability to review. the National Council for Science and Technology (NCST) will be reorganized into a revamped and reinvigorated National Commission for Science. identification of priorities and mobilization of resources for ST&I. Establishing and Strengthening Implementing Institutions Sectoral policies and implementing institutions will be reviewed to focus on key growth areas as identified and also to facilitate them to operate within a national system while providing them with necessary autonomy to accomplish their sectoral mandates. They will be the main agent through which the MoST will implement the strengthened ST&I performance management framework.

In addition to this. Kenya’s R&D functions will continue to be performed by Public and Private Universities. These mechanisms and measures will be reviewed from time to time to ensure that they actually contribute to the achievement of national strategic targets. this policy and strategy document has signaled the Government’s commitment to increasing ST&I funding by adopting fiscal and other measures to mitigate the risks involved in strategic ST&I activity. monitoring and 76 . In addition to these. Technology and Innovation (POSTI) will also be set up to ensure that the legislative arm of government is fully appraised of the need to prioritize ST&I Policy together with the accompanying legislation. and designated Research Institutes. The functions of KENTAO will be to spearhead the country’s technology search and acquisition effort in support of all sectors of the economy. Kenya will actively build international centers of excellence in national strategic priority areas. an organized effort will be made to encourage Firms to invest in R&D through a variety of measures and mechanisms. Where this is not possible linkages and affiliations with regional and international centers will be pursued. policy institutions will be focused around the ministry responsible for science.A Kenya National Technology Acquisition Office (KENTAO) will be set up and will be domiciled within the MoST. a variety of measures have been incorporated in the proposed KNIS. technology and innovation. The institutions that will be involved in the implementation. Establishing Sustainable Funding ST&I In recognition of the funding challenge for ST&I activities. the Kenya National Research Foundation (KENREF) will be set up. In this regard. The new Kenya National Innovation System (KNIS) aims at ensuring that there is greater harmony in ST&I policy prioritization coupled with a coherent implementation of identified priority ST&I programmes and projects by disengaging policy issues with implementation. It will actively pursue establishment international research facilities to strengthen its ST&I capacity and capability. A Parliamentary Office for Science. PACSTI will be drawn from members of the National Economic and Social Council (NESC). These will include the establishment of a Presidential Advisory Commission on Science. KENREF will operate a National Innovation Fund as well as a Venture Capital Fund. First. Technology and Innovation (PACSTI).

activities and outputs to ensure that the strategic thrusts are delivered in accordance with the implementation plan.evaluation of ST&I activities will include a reorganized Ministry of Science and Technology and by extension the National Council for Science and Technology (NCST) whose role will be in monitoring and evaluation. expeditious. The Monitoring and Evaluation team will monitor and evaluate the inputs. An effective. Other institutions to implement the 2008-2012 ST&I sector medium term plan are regulatory Institutions and implementing institutions at sectoral level. 77 . transparent and performance management framework linking programme outcomes to long-term impacts of this plan be established as well as an effective M&E framework will be designed and applied.

defined by the plan. • to ensure the participation of domestic and international actors in the execution of the plan. The Government will assume the belowmentioned duties in undertaking the MTP: • • • to be consistent in implementing the objectives and tasks. The Ministry of Science and Technology will be the coordinating body in implementing the targeted programs. and leadership of the Government will be crucial in the implementation of the Medium Term Plan. from international resources within the framework of the national policy for coordinating support of Kenya’s implementation of policies on the ST&I reforms required for each specific sector. Monitoring and Evaluation The Kenya ST&I Sector Medium Term Plan 2008-2012 will be implemented through the action plan coordinated within the context of Vision 2030 economic. In the strategic framework of implementing 78 . related tasks and activities in particular: • • • enhance the ST&I and innovation capacity of the relevant sector Implement ST&I programs and projects within the sector Evaluate.0. IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK OF THE MEDIUM TERM PLAN 6. Implementation. To secure the funding to bridge the resource gaps required for the implementation of the Plan development partners • to ensure the coordination of the activities of Ministries in order to implement the plan and to create a unified management and organization arrangements at national and local levels. The role. ensuring the competitiveness of national industries in the international technology market. social and political pillars medium-term objectives. to create a favorable policy and legal environment needed for its performance and provide funding support. assess and review the performance of the programmes.1. responsibility.6. and based on the targeted programs of sectoral areas and the capacities of the national R&D and innovation system with the overall aim of responding to the needs of activating innovation. Implementing sectors will organize activities related to development.

2. Government Funding With regard to government funding. Resource Mobilization The implementation of the Science. spending. to inform the public. to coordinate and analyze the implementation.. 79 . results. The development partners will form a Joint Financing framework for funding the implementation of the projects and programmes.2. to develop in consultation with the AG’s office. and submit to the Government consolidated reports of the implementation progress and evaluation/monitoring every two years. The relationship between the Sector and the development partners will be strengthened by. Technology and Innovation Medium Term Plan will be done in a Sector Wide Approach methodology. 6. In this regard. and achievements 6. MoST will assume the duties mentioned below: • to provide standardized methodological administration of the Medium Term Plan implementation.the Medium Term Plan. The resources required for implementing the identified strategic thrusts have been aligned with the MTEF budget and are tabulated in the implementation matrix. Development Partners Development partners are already supporting the Government in some of the Initiatives outlined in this plan. developing strategic alliances based on the needs and policy direction of the Vision 2030.2.2. draft laws needed for the implementation of the Medium Term Plan.1. through the media. all the Sector members will be involved in the budget process to ensure that the annual Ministerial PERs and Sector Reports accommodate their respective needs. The Sector plans to engage their support to fill in the resource gap between the MTEF budget and Medium Term plan budget. 6. reflected in the Medium Term Plan. the Sector will prepare its annual Public Expenditure Review (PER) reports to form the basis for resource bidding under the overall MTEF budgetary process. This is necessitated by the cross cutting nature of the Sector. • • • to monitor and evaluate the activities of the parties implementing the tasks and actions. about the Medium Term Plan’s implementation progress. among others.

80 . The Kenyan National ST&I Fund The objective is aimed at securing adequate local and international funding in support of national Science. The programme will also focus on public – private ST&I funding as well as general financing of ST& initiatives. This is a Private Public Sectors Partnership arrangement where the Government and the private sector contribute to the levy which will be implemented under an agreed framework of partnership. applied research. 6. technology and innovation programmes financing. The fund will be formulated as general national fund with a framework that allows the creation of various specific funds to meet specific funding needs in the ST&I sectors like infrastructure development.2. Venture Capital The private sector will be targeted to provide capital to bridge the gaps in Science.4. A national ST&I levy will be targeted to support the financing of the implementation of the MTP. Technology and Innovation sector Medium Term Plan. 6.3.2. The macro economic environment for attraction and growth of venture capital will be created.2.5. The financial services sector will be strengthened and focused to support the growth of venture capital. Tax Concessions and ST&I Levy Fiscal policies to promote the resource mobilization have been proposed in this MTP. innovation support among others. Tax concessions on targeted sectors will be introduced to motivate the private sector to contribute in the funding of the MTP at the firm level and/or the national fund level.6.

KEPSA.000. Universities. MoT.000 Develop Internet Technology Project Tourism research website developed Website MoST.300. KIRDI MoST. Ministry of Trade and Industry. 2 0 0 8 .7 .000 . KEPSA. Tertiary institutions and Universities 20082009 4.2 0 1 2 STRATEGIC THRUST 1: STRATEGY ONE: STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES IMPROVE PRODUCTION PROCESSES Programme 1: ST&I for Efficient Production Goal: Indicators: Project/Initiative Technology Assessment To Strengthen Technical Capacities and Capabilities in Manufacturing Production Expansion of the Manufacturing Sector and increase in SMEs and R&D Activity Objective To take stock and bridge the technology gap in priority production areas To collect. Research institutions. MoI&C. MoT.000 Kenya Tourism Research Audit Project 20082010 5. exchange.000. Tertiary institutions and Universities Time Frame 20082010 Cost (in Kenya Shillings) 30. MoI&C. KAM. I M P L E M E N TAT I O N M AT R I X . analyze and communicate existing tourism studies and research programmes in Kenya To develop a Kenya tourism research website to facilitate wider industry access to Kenya tourism research studies complete with a Search Engine to ensure visits to the site are Output Technology gap bridged in priority production areas Comprehensive audit Communication fora Indicators Technology gap assessment report Audit report Lead Implementing Agencies MoST. Research institutions.

MoT. MoT. Research institutions. creating interactive maps for both tourism professionals and visitors. Tertiary institutions and Universities 20082012 4. Tertiary institutions and Universities 20082012 14. MoI&C. a full audit and evaluation of existing technological capability of tourism operators. Research institutions.000.000. KEPSA. Output Indicators Lead Implementing Agencies Time Frame Cost (in Kenya Shillings) Internet Geographic Information Project To establish detailed specifications for the development of GIS on the Internet. To establish a shared tourism activity and trends monitoring service to measure over time tourism industry performance in Kenya Established GIS on touristic mapping Web-enabled GIS MoST.000 .000 Kenya Tourism Activity and Trends Monitoring Project Tourism monitoring service Reports MoST. KEPSA.STRATEGIC THRUST 1: STRATEGY ONE: STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES IMPROVE PRODUCTION PROCESSES Programme 1: ST&I for Efficient Production Goal: Indicators: Project/Initiative To Strengthen Technical Capacities and Capabilities in Manufacturing Production Expansion of the Manufacturing Sector and increase in SMEs and R&D Activity Objective maximized. MoI&C.

000.000 .STRATEGIC THRUST 1: STRATEGY ONE: STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES IMPROVE PRODUCTION PROCESSES Programme 1: ST&I for Efficient Production Goal: Indicators: Project/Initiative Kenya Tourism Niche Markets Development Project To Strengthen Technical Capacities and Capabilities in Manufacturing Production Expansion of the Manufacturing Sector and increase in SMEs and R&D Activity Objective To investigate the potential for the future actions in terms of product development and marketing programmes To intensify. MoT&I.000 Energy Technologies Niche areas of the manufacturing sector Increase in the range of energy alternatives Advanced manufacturing technologies identified and developed Developed capacities for design and development The number of energy technologies Number of advanced manufacturing technologies New local designs and promoted industrial products MoST. Universities. develop niche areas in advanced manufacturing technology To develop and promote capacity in design. KEPSA 20082012 20082012 50. KIRDI.000.000. conduct research and advise on energy sources To identify.000 75. equipment and tools required by industry for Output Products and niche markets Indicators Report Lead Implementing Agencies MoST. Ministry of Trade Universities MoST. Ministry of Trade and Industry. MoI&C. Tertiary institutions and Universities Time Frame 20082012 Cost (in Kenya Shillings) 20. KEPSA. Industries. MoE.000. development and production of machineries. MoT. Research institutions. Ministry of Energy. KAM.000 Engineering Design and Development Initiative MoST. Institution of Engineers of Kenya IEK and Universities 20082012 50.

KIRDI.000 and practice appropriate maximum crop yield and food security. and establishment of NBA and associated legislation.STRATEGIC THRUST 1: STRATEGY ONE: STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES IMPROVE PRODUCTION PROCESSES Programme 1: ST&I for Efficient Production Goal: Indicators: Project/Initiative To Strengthen Technical Capacities and Capabilities in Manufacturing Production Expansion of the Manufacturing Sector and increase in SMEs and R&D Activity Objective manufacturing. MoA.000. To develop new Biotechnology developed and promoted. KAM. Ministry of Energy. Health. ERC. Output Indicators Lead Implementing Agencies Time Frame Cost (in Kenya Shillings) Biotechnology Initiative Develop and promote biotechnology for efficient and rapid industrial. NMK-IPR. NMK. MoH. The number of biotechnologies developed. promoted and applied as well as the level of genetically modified organisms (GMO) awareness. KARI. Ministry of Health. KARI. Ministry of and cultivars technology technologies for 2008 – 2012 55. KIRDI. KAM . KEMRI. Universities. KEPHIS. Ministry of KEFRI. KEFRI.000. Energy. agricultural and health transformation and establishment of National Biosafety Authority (NBA) and associated legislation. Ministry of Agriculture. Number of technologies MoST. Universities.000 Food Security and Agriculture Project Food security MoST. KEMRI. Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries. MoL&F. Ministry of Trade and Industry. MoT&I. 20082012 500.

KEMRI.STRATEGIC THRUST 1: STRATEGY ONE: STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES IMPROVE PRODUCTION PROCESSES Programme 1: ST&I for Efficient Production Goal: Indicators: Project/Initiative To Strengthen Technical Capacities and Capabilities in Manufacturing Production Expansion of the Manufacturing Sector and increase in SMEs and R&D Activity Objective Output Indicators Lead Implementing Agencies Time Frame Cost (in Kenya Shillings) Value Addition and Agro-processing To develop and promote value addition and agroprocessing technologies Value addition and agro-processing technologies developed and promoted Number of value added commodities and agroprocessing technologies in use Number of researches conducted Reduced mortality rates MoST. Universities. MI (GITS). 2008- 500. Develop and implement High tech ICT infrastructure and technology efficiency developed to support Business Process Outsourcing Mechanisms for Report on high tech ICT infrastructure and technology efficiency Report on MoST. 20082010 50. Ministry of Industry and Trade. Universities. NMK 2008 – 2012 150.000 Development of a MoST. and KAM. Ministry of Agriculture. KEPSA. ME&NR.000. Ag. KEPSA. MT&I. Universities.000. Universities. Ministry of Health.000. E-Government Secretariat. MI&C.000 . KAM. Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries. KARI. ML&F.000.000 Information and Communication Technology Initiative To develop high tech ICT infrastructure and technology efficiency for supporting the Business Process Outsourcing. 2008 – 2012 1.000. Min.000 Health Initiative To ensure research is conducted in priority areas for improving health standards Health standards improved MoST. KIRDI.

000. Increased forest cover Land management systems MENR.STRATEGIC THRUST 1: STRATEGY ONE: STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES IMPROVE PRODUCTION PROCESSES Programme 1: ST&I for Efficient Production Goal: Indicators: Project/Initiative National Mineral Industry Project To Strengthen Technical Capacities and Capabilities in Manufacturing Production Expansion of the Manufacturing Sector and increase in SMEs and R&D Activity Objective mechanisms for conflict resolution. relevant Government Ministries and other relevant Research Institutes.000. Ministry of Lands. Universities 20082012 50. mining efficiency and mineral value addition developed and implemented Indicators conflict resolution. mining efficiency and mineral value addition Output conflict resolution. KIRDI.000 To integrate ST&I into Natural resource management decision and policymaking. MoT&I. 20082012 50. MoL 20082012 2.000. KEPSA & KAM Time Frame 2011 Cost (in Kenya Shillings) A National Water Research Development Project Natural Resource Management To promote research in water exploitation and use Research promotion MoST. mining efficiency and mineral value addition Number of new researches in water exploitation and use % increase in forest cover Land use planning Lead Implementing Agencies NEMA. Universities. KEPSA. KWS. Ministry of Water & Irrigation. MoST.000 Productivity and Competitiveness Design and implement productivity improvement Productivity and Competitiveness Report Number of MoST. Ministry of Energy.000 .750. Research Institutions. NEMA.

357.000 Lead Implementing Agencies Time Frame Cost (in Kenya Shillings) Strengthened energy efficiency Facilitated R&D Strengthened Technology transfer Sub-Total Cost of Implementing ST&I Manufacturing Sector of Strategic Thrust 1 .STRATEGIC THRUST 1: STRATEGY ONE: STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES IMPROVE PRODUCTION PROCESSES Programme 1: ST&I for Efficient Production Goal: Indicators: Project/Initiative To Strengthen Technical Capacities and Capabilities in Manufacturing Production Expansion of the Manufacturing Sector and increase in SMEs and R&D Activity Objective interventions Output survey Productive resource human Indicators productive workers Number and type of strengthened energy resources Number of facilitated R&D Number of strengthened Technology transfers 5.300.

Universities. OoP. KAM Time Frame 2008 – 2012 Cost (in Kenya Shillings) 4. AG office. Technology and Innovation An Access Regimes for National and Indicators 4 ST&I institutions established ST&I regulatory framework Lead Implementing Agencies MoST.STRATEGIC THRUST 1: STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES STRATEGY TWO: IMPROVE CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES OF ST&I INSTITUTIONS Programme 2: Strengthening and Re-engineering ST&I Institutions Goal: Indicators: Project Review of the institutional. Government Ministries.000 . legal and regulatory framework for Science. Technology and Innovation in Kenya Strengthen Capacities and Capabilities of ST&I Institutions ST&I Institutions Strengthened Objective To develop and implement policies and enabling legislation to support the generation and utilization of ST&I Output A Presidential Advisory Commission on Science.000. Technology and Innovation A National Technology Acquisition Office A TIVET Authority A National ST&I Approval and Surveillance Council A National Commission on Science. KEPSA. NESC.000. Research Institutes.

000 Governance. 2008 – 2012 30. KEPSA. Attorney General Office. ethical and results-oriented government Institutions Good Governance Governance Frameworks MoST.000. transparency and accountability of electoral processes.STRATEGIC THRUST 1: STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES STRATEGY TWO: IMPROVE CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES OF ST&I INSTITUTIONS International Digital Research Data National Innovation System Development Project To create an effective national innovation system and coordinating Agency National Innovation System (NIS) NIS Agency Institutional framework for the NIS MoST. Central Bank of Kenya and KEPSA. Authority (CMA).000 Financial Services Project Improve financial institutional efficiency and ensure commercial justice. MoJ&CA. improve macro economic performance and competitiveness Stable macroeconomic conditions Financial management systems 20082012 10. Attorney General Office. Professional Associations. Universities. Development Partners. Universities and Government Ministries MoST. Markets Universities. MoHA. fostering democracy. Attorney General Office. Government Ministries. MoF.000 . Government Ministries. Industry Associations. 20092012 20. public participation in governance.000. Security and Rule of Law To use ST&I in enhancing the integrity.000. Capital Bankers Associations. Security Operators.

STRATEGIC THRUST 1: STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES STRATEGY TWO: IMPROVE CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES OF ST&I INSTITUTIONS
Sub-Total Cost of Implementing Strengthened and Re-engineered ST&I Institutions under Strategic Thrust 1 4,060,000,000

STRATEGIC THRUST 1: STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES STRATEGY THREE: IMPROVE ST&I INFRASTRUCTURE AND EQUIPMENT Programme 3: Infrastructure and Equipment Goal: Indicators:
Project Centers of Excellence Support

Provide Globally Competitive ST&I Infrastructure and Equipment Infrastructure and Equipment
Objective To identify and strengthen existing ST&I infrastructure with high potential for national development To establish ST&I parks and Industrial Incubators Output Excellent ST&I Infrastructure Indicators Number of laboratories, workshops, and institutions identified and equipped Number established Lead Implementing Agencies MoST, KIRDI, KEMRI, Research Institutes, KAM, Universities, NMK Time Frame 20082012 Cost (in Kenya Shillings) 2,000,000,000

Science, Technology and Innovation Parks and Industrial Incubators Targeted ST&I Infrastructure Provision Fast Tracking of TIVET Facilities

One Science and Technology Park and three industrial incubators established Technology development and transfer in priority sectors Improved access to TIVET

MoST, KIRDI, National Urban and Metropolitan Region development Board, KIRDI, Universities, Research Institutes, KAM, KEPSA, NMK MoST, Government ministries, KIRDI, KAM, KEPSA, Universities and research institutes MoST, MoE, MoLHRD, MoSYA, MoRPW, KEPSA

2008 2012

20,000,000,000

To provide critical ST&I infrastructure in priority sectors To upgrade and increase TIVET facilities

Number of technologies developed and adopted Number of facilities upgraded or added

2008 2012

60,000,000

2008 2012

6,000,000,000

Sub-Total Cost of Implementing ST&I Infrastructure and Equipment under Strategic Thrust 1

28,060,000,000

STRATEGIC THRUST 1: STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES STRATEGY FOUR: DEVELOPING CAPACITY AND CAPABILITIES FOR NEW AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES Programme 4: National Material Sciences Programme Goal: Indicators:
Project Building and construction Materials

Increase capacities and capabilities in material science Improved materials development infrastructure, materials and skills
Objective Provide cost effective high quality materials for high-tech infrastructure and transport designs To develop appropriate high strength materials which are low cost, effective and efficient. Output Building and construction material Indicators Appropriate building and construction materials Number of New, appropriate, low cost, effective and efficient materials developed No. of industries using laser technology Lead Implementing Agencies MoST, MoR&PW, MoH, MoLG, MoT, MoT&I, Universities, Research Institutes, KEPSA, KAM, Professional Associations Ministry of Science &Technology, Ministry of Trade and Industry, KAM, Universities, Research Institutions Time Frame 20082012 Cost (in Kenya Shillings) 48,000,000

Nanotechnology

New, appropriate, low cost, effective and efficient materials developed

20082012

100,000,000

Laser Technology

To develop and promote laser technology for efficient and rapid industrial transformation.

Laser technology developed and promoted

MoST, MoT&I ,KAM, Universities, Research Institutions

20082012

150,000,000

000 STRATEGIC THRUST 1: STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES STRATEGY FOUR: DEVELOPING CAPACITY AND CAPABILITIES FOR NEW AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES Programme 5: Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Science and Technology Goal: Indicators: Project Peaceful Uses of Increase capacities and capabilities in peaceful uses of atomic energy Improved atomic energy infrastructure and skills Objective To create awareness . TIVET institutions. Universities. MoR&PW. MoE&NR.000. KAM. Time Frame 2008Cost (in Kenya Shillings) 200.000 .STRATEGIC THRUST 1: STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES STRATEGY FOUR: DEVELOPING CAPACITY AND CAPABILITIES FOR NEW AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES Metal Processing Technologies Project To improve technologies for processing materials for the improvement of the appearance properties of the semiprocessed material or to produce new materials and to provide the technologies required for expansion and diversification of the metal industry.000 Total Cost of Implementing A National Materials Programme under Strategic Thrust 1 398.000. Better technologies Number of technologies MoST. Output Awareness created. Indicators Number of firms Lead Implementing Agencies MoST. Research institutes and KEPSA 20082012 100. MoE. MoT&I. KAM.000.

Research Institutions 2012 Total Cost of Implementing Nuclear S&T Programme under Strategic Thrust 1 200.000.000 STRATEGIC THRUST 1: STRATEGY FOUR: STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES DEVELOPING CAPACITY AND CAPABILITIES FOR NEW AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES Programme 6: Space Technology Goal: Indicators: Project Increase capacities and capabilities in space technologies Improved space technology infrastructure and skills Objective Output Indicators Lead Implementing Agencies Time Frame Cost (in Million Kenya Shillings) .STRATEGIC THRUST 1: STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES STRATEGY FOUR: DEVELOPING CAPACITY AND CAPABILITIES FOR NEW AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES Nuclear Science and Technology develop capabilities and integrate nuclear technology in the national production processes capabilities developed and nuclear technology integrated in national production processes using nuclear energy Universities.

monitor and mitigate impacts of climate change developed. Universities.STRATEGIC THRUST 1: STRATEGY FOUR: Climate Change STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL CAPACITIES AND CAPABILITIES DEVELOPING CAPACITY AND CAPABILITIES FOR NEW AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES To develop technologies and capacities to predict. Research Institutions 20082012 300.KAM. Institutional and legal framework for implementation of responses developed Number of technologies developed Institutional and legal framework report MoST.000 Sub-Total Cost of Implementing Space Technology Programme under Strategic Thrust 1 Total Cost of Implementing Programmes under Strategic Thrust 1 500. Universities. National capacity in space technology built Number of firms using space technology MoST.575.000.000.000 .000 38.000.300. Research Institutions 20082012 200. MENR. Mo Energy .000 Space Technology Initiative Awareness created. monitor and mitigate impacts of climate change and the appropriate institutional and legal frameworks for implementation of the scientifically rationalized responses To increase awareness among Kenyans and build the national capacity in this area in order to effectively apply space technologybased solutions to development challenges Technologies and capacities to predict.

Universities. Universities. . services and jobs Objective To assess the existing SET skills.000 ST&I Curriculum Review To integrate ST&I.000 Lead Implementing Agencies MoST. requirements of SET skills determined and gaps filled Indicators SET skills assessment and requirements report % of implementation of report An assessment report MoST. MoE. KEPSA Time Frame 20082012 Cost (in Kenya Shillings) 100. MoPND. MoPND. MoE. MoLHRD.000. determine the requirements of SET skills for the country.STRATEGIC THRUST 2: DEVELOP HIGHLY SKILLED HUMAN RESOURCES STRATEGY 1: INCREASE ST&I PERSONNEL AND IMPROVE ST&I SKILLS Programme 1: ST&I Human Resource Development Goal: Indicators: Project Review of SET Skills To develop creative and innovative human capital Employable persons with ability to create new products. Policy measures for increasing participation identified ST &I. MoLHRD. NMK 20082012 200. Training and Research To assess trends in supply and demand for ST&I graduates and identifying successful policy measures for increasing participation in ST&I. MoLHRD. KEPSA. and draw up a strategy for closing the gap Output Existing SET skills assessed.000. KEPSA 20082012 100.000 Education. creativity and indigenous knowledge systems integrated in education and Policy document on participation in ST&I No.000. Universities. of curricula developed MoST. MoE. Trends in demand and supply for ST&I graduates assessed. creativity and indigenous knowledge systems in the education and training .

Institutional capacity for promotion of research and development in TIVET developed. MoP&ND. Universities.000. MoLHRD. Central Bureau of Statistics 20082012 20. MoE. Indicators Lead Implementing Agencies Time Frame Cost (in Kenya Shillings) Capacity Building for ST&I To develop a pool of qualified personnel for efficient and effective service delivery in ST&I. MoL&HRD. . A pool of qualified ST&I personnel developed No. . KEPSA. MoE. NCAP&D. of qualified ST&I personnel MoST.000.STRATEGIC THRUST 2: DEVELOP HIGHLY SKILLED HUMAN RESOURCES STRATEGY 1: INCREASE ST&I PERSONNEL AND IMPROVE ST&I SKILLS Programme 1: ST&I Human Resource Development Goal: Indicators: Project To develop creative and innovative human capital Employable persons with ability to create new products. Universities. MoLHRD. MoLG. Number of TIVET researchers trained Number of research equipment and facilities provided Population and national land management MoST.000. MoL&S.000 Population and Urbanization Project To support the establishment of an Integrated Population Established population and national land MoST.000 . KEPSA 20082012 250.000 TIVET Institutional Capacity for Research and Development To develop institutional capacity for promotion of research and development in TIVET. Research Institutions 20082012 500. services and jobs Objective curriculum Output training curriculum.

KAM. Research Institutions and KEPSA. KAM. MoSPS. MoL&HRD.STRATEGIC THRUST 2: DEVELOP HIGHLY SKILLED HUMAN RESOURCES STRATEGY 1: INCREASE ST&I PERSONNEL AND IMPROVE ST&I SKILLS Programme 1: ST&I Human Resource Development Goal: Indicators: Project To develop creative and innovative human capital Employable persons with ability to create new products.000 Brain Gain Develop and implement comprehensive multidimensional ST&I strategies for harnessing the Diaspora resources and mainstreaming them to the national development Harnessed Diaspora resources Number of developed and implemented Strategies Number of Diaspora participants in MoST. MoE. Research Institutions. Universities. KEPSA. 2008 2012 100. . Ministry of Labour. MoGSC&SS.000 . Technology skills Number of Technology skills and participants MoST. services and jobs Objective and national land management System using ST&I. Research Institutions. 20082012 30. Output management systems Indicators system Lead Implementing Agencies Universities. Ministry of Foreign Affairs.000.000. Youth and Vulnerable Groups Project To increase interest in technology skills among the youth and vulnerable groups and their effective participation in ST&I. MoSYA. Ministry of Trade and Industry. Universities. KIRDI. Time Frame Cost (in Kenya Shillings) Gender.

STRATEGIC THRUST 2: DEVELOP HIGHLY SKILLED HUMAN RESOURCES STRATEGY 1: INCREASE ST&I PERSONNEL AND IMPROVE ST&I SKILLS Programme 1: ST&I Human Resource Development Goal: Indicators:
Project

To develop creative and innovative human capital Employable persons with ability to create new products, services and jobs
Objective Output Indicators ST&I activities Collaboration mechanism for Diaspora-Kenya Institutions Lead Implementing Agencies Time Frame Cost (in Kenya Shillings)

Total Cost of Implementing ST&I Human Resource Development Programme under Strategic Thrust 2

1,300,000,000

STRATEGIC THRUST 2: DEVELOP HIGHLY SKILLED HUMAN RESOURCES STRATEGY 2: ENHANCE TECHNOPRENUERIAL SKILLS AND SUPPORT SERVICES Programme 2: Technopreneur Development Goal: Indicators:
Project

Promote technology-based enterprise skills Increase in technoprenuers and technology- based enterprises
Objective Output Indicators Lead Implementing Agencies Time Frame 20082012 Cost (in Million Kenya Shillings) 150,000,000

Commercialization and Technopreneur Skills

To impart commercialization and technopreneur skills to Kenyans to facilitate them in turning domestic and international scientific research into commercial products, processes and services. To provide start-up capital for the commercialization of technopreneurship ideas To improve efficiency in the supply chain, promote producer based groups and improve the

Technology based enterprises increased

No. of technology based enterprises established

MoST, MoT&I, MoLHRD, Universities, KEPSA, Research Institutions

Business Support Project for Startups

Start-up capital for the commercialization of technopreneurship ideas provided Business supply chain

Number of technopreneursh ip ideas commercialized Increased profits and savings

MoST, MoT&I, MoLHRD, Universities, KEPSA, Research Institutions

20082012

300,000,000

ST&I in Wholesale & Retail Trade

MoST, MoF, MoT&I, MoL&HRD Research Institutes, Universities, TIVET institutions, KIPI and Jua Kali Association of Kenya

20082012

50,000,000

STRATEGIC THRUST 2: DEVELOP HIGHLY SKILLED HUMAN RESOURCES STRATEGY 2: ENHANCE TECHNOPRENUERIAL SKILLS AND SUPPORT SERVICES
business environment.

Sub-Total Cost of Implementing Technopreneur Programme under Strategic Thrust 2 Total Cost of Implementing Strategic Thrust 2

500,000,000 1,800,000,000

STRATEGIC THRUST 3: INTENSIFICATION OF INNOVATION IN PRIORITY SECTORS STRATEGY 1: INCREASE FUNDING FOR ST&I Programme 1: ST&I Funding Goal: Indicators:
Project ST&I Endowment Fund

To increase and sustain ST&I funding Increased sustainable funding from the private sector, development partners and Government budgetary allocation
Objective To set up a revolving and sustainable source of income for financing ST&I programmes. To establish legal & Institutional frameworks to establish and operationalize of Kenya National Research Fund. Output A ST&I Endowment Fund established Indicators Legal authority establishing endowment Fund Legal authority establishing KNR Fund Lead Implementing Agencies MoST, MoE, MoF, Universities, KEPSA, Research Institutions, AG, Strategic partners MoST, MoE, MoF, Universities, KEPSA, Research Institutions, AG, Strategic partners Time Frame 20082012 Cost (in Kenya Shillings) 2,000,000,000

Kenya National Research Fund

Establishment and operationalization of the Kenya National Research fund established.

20082012

500,000,000

KEPSA. AG. MoE. Universities. Research Institutions.000. upgrading and maintenance. MoE. Research Institutions.000. Universities. MoF. MoF. Technology and Innovation Infrastructure Fund Project To secure adequate local and international funding in support of national ST&I infrastructure development.STRATEGIC THRUST 3: INTENSIFICATION OF INNOVATION IN PRIORITY SECTORS STRATEGY 1: INCREASE FUNDING FOR ST&I The Science.000 . Secure adequate local and international funding for national ST&I infrastructure development.520.000 Sub-Total Cost of Implementing ST&I Funding Programme under Strategic Thrust 3 8.000 Kenya National Venture Capital Fund Tax Concessions for Research and Development The private investment expenditure A policy framework document MoST. AG. Research Institutions. MoF. KEPSA.000. developed Amount of funding secured MoST. KEPSA. Strategic partners 20082012 1. AG.000.000 20082012 20. MoE.000. Universities.000. upgrading & maintenance The amount of private investment capital for ST&I increased A framework for tax concessions for R&D. Strategic partners 20082012 5. Strategic partners MoST. To increase the amount of private investment capital for ST&I To develop a framework for tax concessions for R&D.

000 Sub-Total Cost of Implementing ST&I Collaborations and Partnerships under Strategic Thrust 3 220.000 .STRATEGIC THRUST 3: INTENSIFICATION OF INNOVATION IN PRIORITY SECTORS STRATEGY 2: IMPROVE COLLABORATIONS AND LINKAGES IN ST&I Programme 2: ST&I Collaborations and Partnerships Goal: Promote strategic scientific and technological linkages and collaborations Indicators: Increase in strategic ST&I collaborative agreements Project Strategic ST&I Linkages and Collaborations Objective To develop a policy framework for collaboration and partnerships in ST&I Output Policy framework Indicators Progress report Approved policy Lead Implementing Agencies MoST and Key ST&I sector stakeholders Time Frame 20082009 Cost (in Kenya Shillings) 20.000.000.000.000 To establish key strategic partnerships in ST&I priority areas Atleast 2 strategic partnerships in each identified area of thrust Number of partnerships established MoST 20082010 200.

000 Total Cost of Implementing Knowledge Transformation and IPR Programme under Strategic Thrust 1 STRATEGIC THRUST 3: INTENSIFICATION OF INNOVATION IN PRIORITY SECTORS STRATEGY 5: MAP AND PROTECT INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AND TECHNOLOGY .000.000. utility models and copyrights Objective To provide comprehensive information on IPR to Innovators and inventors Output Database on IPR and expired patents Indicators Records captured Lead Implementing Agencies MoST Time Frame 20082009 Cost (in Kenya Shillings) 10.000.STRATEGIC THRUST 3: INTENSIFICATION OF INNOVATION IN PRIORITY SECTORS STRATEGY 4: IMPROVE KNOWLEDGE TRANSFORMATION AND STRENGTHEN THE IPR REGIME Programme 4: Knowledge Transformation and IPR Goal: Indicators: Project Knowledge Transformation and IPR To strengthen IPR regimes Increased number of patents.000 10.000 To promote establishment of IPR offices in ST&I institutions 5 IPR offices per year Number of IPR offices MoST 20082012 20.

000 Sub-Total Cost of Implementing Indigenous Knowledge and Technology Programme under Strategic Thrust 1 110.000. NMK 20082009 10. Private sector/venture capitalists. NMK Time Frame 20082012 Cost (in Kenya Shillings) 100.000. Research institutes.000 . SMEs.Programme 5: Indigenous Knowledge and Technology Goal: Indicators: Project Commercialization of Indigenous Resources and Knowledge To identify.000 Indigenous Knowledge and Technologies Documentation IRTK Database Records MoST.000 STRATEGIC THRUST 3: INTENSIFICATION OF INNOVATION IN PRIORITY SECTORS STRATEGY 6: DEVELOP A NATIONAL ST&I REWARD AND RECOGNITION SYSTEM Programme 6: National Innovation Recognition Goal: Indicators: Project ST&I Awards To recognize and promote innovativeness Awards and Recognition Schemes Objective To develop and implement awards Output ST&I awards policy Indicators Number of Lead Implementing Agencies MoST Time Frame 2008Cost (in Kenya Shillings) 500.000. exploit and promote indigenous knowledge and technology for competitiveness Increased contribution of indigenous knowledge and technology in GDP Objective To develop and support ST&I programs for the exploitation and commercialization of indigenous resources and knowledge in priority sectors To develop a database on indigenous knowledge and technologies Output At least 1 program in each priority sector Indicators Number of programs Lead Implementing Agencies MoST.000.

000 .000.schemes for outstanding ST&I initiatives by Kenyans 5 awards schemes covering Women Scientists young Scientists and Technoprenuers schemes 2012 Total Cost of Implementing National Innovation Recognition Programme under Strategic Thrust 3 500.

000 Sub-Total Cost of Implementing Quality Assurance and Standards Programme under Strategic Thrust 3 Total Cost of Implementing Strategic Thrust 3 270.000. reports on ST&I system management Advice options and recommendations for the strategic management of the national innovation system new/improved ST&I management frameworks and guidelines Progress Reports MoST. KEPSA.000.000 .640.000.Based Remuneration System Quality assurance policy in the first year.STRATEGIC THRUST 3: INTENSIFICATION OF INNOVATION IN PRIORITY SECTORS STRATEGY 7: QUALITY ASSURANCE AND STANDARDS Programme 7: Goal: Indicators: Project Quality Assurance and Standards To attain acceptable international quality standards ISO Certification Objective Output Indicators Lead Implementing Agencies MoST Time Frame 20082011 Cost (in Kenya Shillings) 250.000 9. KAM 20082009 20. At least one standard annually for ST&I or TIVET Standards developed Entrench International Business Standards in the national innovation system Policy research.000.000 Quality assurance and standards To promote the establishment and implementation of quality assurance and standards in ST&I To review and develop performance management framework for the national innovation system including a Performance. KBS.

STRATEGIC THRUST 4: ENHANCING ST&I AWARENESS Programme 1: ST&I Public Communication and Advocacy Goal: Indicators: Project Public Awareness To realize a well informed society on ST&I issues Public participation and awareness in ST&I Objective To develop and implement programs to enhance public awareness on the role of ST&I and TIVET in national development To organize bi-annual round table series on ST&I To develop and implement ST&I programs as a cocurricula activity in ECD and BE To develop and implement programs to promote upscaling of technologies in communities Output One program in each priority area Indicators Number of programs Lead Implementing Agencies MoST Time Frame 200820012 Cost (in Kenya Shillings) 100.000.000.000.000 Round Table Series on ST&I ST&I Community Outreach Two round tables per year ST&I co-curricula programs Number of round tables Number of programs MoST 20082012 20082012 150.000 .000 Technology upscaling programs MoST Number of programs 20082012 200.000 MoST 50.000.000 Sub-Total Cost of Implementing ST&I Public Communication and Advocacy under Strategic Thrust 4 500.000.

000 .000 Sub-Total Cost of Implementing Ethics and Values Programme under Strategic Thrust 4 Total Cost of Implementing Strategic Thrust 4 20.000.000.STRATEGIC THRUST 4: ENHANCING ST&I AWARENESS Programme 2: Ethics and Values Programme Goal: Indicators: Project National Code of Ethics and Values in ST&I To realize an ethical ST&I fraternity and Kenyans at large Codes of Practice and Ethics Objective To develop and implement comprehensive national codes of ethics on application of ST&I Output National codes of ethics Indicators Number of codes of ethics Lead Implementing Agencies MoST and Stakeholders Time Frame 20082010 Cost (in Kenya Shillings) 20.000.000.000 STRATEGIC THRUST FIVE: STRENGTHENING THE ST&I PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK Programme 1: ST&I Performance Management Impact Assessment Goal: Indicators: Project Performance Framework for Public SET To monitor and evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of the ST&I Medium Term Plan Improved socio-economic status of Kenyans Objective To develop and implement a performance framework and tools for Output Performance framework Indicators % development and implementation Lead Implementing Agencies MoST Time Frame 20082012 Cost (in Kenya Shillings) 250.000 520.

000 50.000. science and engineering enterprise Data on Kenya’s research.000.000. figures.Institutions Research. science and engineering enterprise Records MoST 20082009 25.000 .300.000 275.290. charts and graphs on Kenya’s research.000 Sub-Total Cost of Implementing ST&I Performance Management Impact Assessment under Strategic Thrust 4 Total Cost of Implementing Strategic Thrust 5 Total Cost of Implementing MTP 275. Science and Engineering Indicators Almanac management of ST&I To develop and periodically review a compendium of facts.