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Ethanolamines

01/02S2

August 2002

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page I SUMMARY A. INTRODUCTION B. CONVENTIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1. Chemistry 2. Scientific Design Process 3. Davy (K vaerner) Process C. NIPPON SHOKUBAI CATALYTIC, ANHYDROUS PROCESS D. ECONOMICS E. END-USES F. SUPPLY AND DEMAND 1. United States 2. Western Europe 3. Japan INTRODUCTION CONVENTIONAL TECHNOLOGY A. SCIENTIFIC DESIGN PROCESS 1. Chemistry 2. Background 3. Process Description B. DAVY (KVAERNER) PROCESS 1. Chemistry 2. Background 3. Process Description C. SELECTED RECENT PATENTS CATALYTIC, ANHYDROUS PROCESS A. INTRODUCTION B. PROCESS DESCRIPTION 1 1 2 2 2 3 4 5 7 8 8 9 11 12 14 14 14 14 15 21 21 21 21 24 26 26 26

II III

IV

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TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued)


Page V ECONOMIC ANALYSIS A. BASIS 1. Pricing 2. Investment Basis 3. Cost of Production Basis B. CONVENTIONAL UNCATALYZED, AQUEOUS AMMONIA PROCESS C. CATALYZED, ANHYDROUS AMMONIA PROCESS D. SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS 1. Feedstock Prices 2. Investment Variation 3. Capacity Effect COMMERCIAL ANALYSIS A. APPLICATIONS 1. Introduction 2. Physical Properties 3. End-Uses (a) Gas Sweetening (b) Detergents, Specialty Cleaners, and Personal Care Products (c) Textiles (d) Metalworking (e) Intermediates for Agricultural Actives Production (f) Other 4. Health and Safety B. SUPPLY AND DEMAND 1. United States (a) Supply (b) Demand 2. Western Europe (a) Supply (b) Demand 29 29 29 30 30 31 38 42 42 45 46 47 47 47 47 49 49 51 52 52 52 53 53 55 55 55 56 56 56 57

VI

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TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued)


Page 3. Japan (a) Supply (b) Demand 4. Other Regions REFERENCES APPENDIX I APPENDIX II PERP TITLE INDEX 57 57 58 58 59 60 64 69

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TABLES
Page Table I.F.1 Table I.F.2 Table I.F.3 Table I.F.4 Table I.F.5 Table I.F.6 Table III.A.1 Table III.A.2 Table III.A.3 Table III.B.1 Table V.A.1 Table V.B.1 Table V.B.2 U.S. Ethanolamines Capacity by Producer, 2001 U.S. Ethanolamines Demand West European Ethanolamines Capacity by Producer, 2001 West European Ethanolamines Demand Japanese Ethanolamines Capacity by Producer, 2001 Japanese Ethanolamines Demand Typical Ethanolamines Feedstock Specifications for Scientific Design Process Typical Ethanolamines Product Specifications from Scientific Design Process Storage Considerations for Ethanolamines Typical Ethanolamine Qualities Davy Process Prices of Economic Inputs Cost of Production Estimate for: Ethanolamines Light Distribution Process: Aqueous Ammonia, Non-Catalytic Cost of Production Estimate for: Ethanolamines Medium Distribution Process: Aqueous Ammonia, Non-Catalytic Cost of Production Estimate for: Ethanolamines Heavy Distribution Process: Aqueous Ammonia, Non-Catalytic Summary of Costs by Product Distribution Cost of Production Estimate for: Ethanolamines Heavy Distribution Process: Anhydrous Ammonia, La-Exch. Zeolite Catalyst, 80 wt% Sel. to DEA Cost of Production Estimate for: Ethanolamines Heavy Distribution Process: Anhydrous Ammonia, La-Exch. Zeolite Catalyst, 90 wt% Sel. to DEA 8 9 10 10 11 11

17 19 20 23 29 32

33

Table V.B.3

Table V.B.4 Table V.C.1

34 35

39

Table V.C.2

40

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TABLES (Continued)
Page Table VI.A.1 Table VI.B.1 Table VI.B.2 Table VI.B.3 Table VI.B.4 Table VI.B.5 Table VI.B.6 Typical Properties of Dow Ethanolamines U.S. Ethanolamines Capacity by Producer, 2001 U.S. Ethanolamines Demand West European Ethanolamines Capacity by Producer, 2001 West European Ethanolamines Demand Japanese Ethanolamines Capacity by Producer, 2001 Japanese Ethanolamines Demand 48 55 56 56 57 57 58

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FIGURES
Page Figure I.D.1 Figure I.E.1 Figure III.A.1 Figure III.B.1 Figure IV.B.1 Figure V.B.1 Figure V.C.1 Figure V.D.1 Figure V.D.2 Figure V.D.3 Figure V.D.4 Figure V.D.5 Figure VI.A.1 Comparison of Ethanolamines Economics Ethanolamine End-Use Pattern, 2001 Ethanolamines via Scientific Design Process Davy Ethanolamines Schematic Flow Diagram Ethanolamines via Conceptual Nippon Shokubai Process Ethanolamines Technology Cost Comparison Comparison of Ethanolamines Economics Price Effects on Ethanolamines Cost: Uncatalyzed, Aqueous Light Distribution Price Effects on Ethanolamines Cost: Uncatalyzed, Aqueous Heavy Distribution Price Effects on Ethanolamines Cost: Catalyzed, Anhydrous, 90% DEA Investment Effect on Ethanolamines Cost Capacity Effect on Ethanolamines Cost Ethanolamine End-Use Pattern, 2001 6 8 16 22 27 37 41 42 43 44 45 46 50

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