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Flood Management of
Tharongchang,
Phunphin, Suratthani

Rattanaporn Sakulnu

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633,413,930

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Big
Cleaning Day

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Abstract
This paper aimed to study the flood
situation, causes and management, of
Tharongchang Sub-District Administrative
Organisation (SAO), Phunphin, Suratthani.
The data was collected by in-depth
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interviewing and then analysed and
reported in descriptive form. The study
illustrated that Tharongchang experienced
impacts and damages of floods annually. In
2008, 10% of the total area was damaged.
In 2009, the impact increased to 30% and
the heaviest impact was in 2010, which
70% of the area was damaged. The total
damage cost was 633,413,930 baht. As for
the causes, it was found that most of the
areas were lowlands, the waterway/canal
had become shallow, and houses and
factories were constructed obstructing
waterways. Flood management of
Tharongchang consisted of 4 stages. The
first stage was flood warning, which could
be divided into 2 circumstances. The first
was to increase readiness of the by
suggesting the community to monitor Thai
Meteorological Department report
constantly, monitor and evaluate water
situation, prepare to collect belongings,
important documents, and emergency
survival kits, and prepare for evacuation.
The second was to alert to evacuate, which
could be done by using manual siren,
village broadcasting tower, temples or
communitys drum, and/or whistle or
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firework. The second stage was community
support, establishing evacuation centres or
temporary shelters, preparing the facilities,
registering flood victims, supplying flood
victim with survival kits, and establishing
donation centres for flood victims. The
third stage was water drainage which
could be divided into 2 circumstances. One
was water drainage during crisis situation;
placing sandbags along Phumduang River
bank, pumping water out of lower areas
into Phumduang River, and dredging
shallow waterways and canals to increase
water drainage. Another was long-term
drainage; improving water drainage
systems, building reinforced concrete
dykes and dredging shallow
waterways/canals. The fourth stage was
the restoration and rehabilitation. First,
surveying damages in 4 matters; victim
names, damaged houses and buildings,
damaged agricultural areas, and damaged
factories and enterprises. Second,
restoring and rehabilitating by providing
financial aids, repairing damaged houses
and buildings, requesting compensations
from related agricultural organisations,
deducing taxes for all victims, setting up
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courses to promote jobs, and conducting
Big Cleaning Day activities. Community
participation in flood management of
Tharongchang, Phunphin, Suratthani has
demonstrated that people gave priority to
the participation in all stages, including the
selection of flood management volunteers,
attending the courses of flood prevention,
participating in damage surveying for
transparency purpose, and participating in
waterways and canals dredging activities
regularly to create unity in the community,
and so on.
Key Word: Flood Management, Local
Government

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(Documentary
Study)



Internet


(In-depth Interview)
(Focus Group Discussion)

(Key Informants)

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Big Cleaning Day

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