Frame | Beam (Structure) | Column

# Design and drawing of RC Structures

CV61
Dr. G.S.Suresh Civil Engineering Department The National Institute of Engineering Mysore-570 008 Mob: 9342188467 Email: gss_nie@yahoo.com

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Portal frames

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Learning out Come
• Review of Design of Portal Frames • Design example Continued

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INTRODUCTION Step1: Design of slabs • Step2: Preliminary design of beams and columns • Step3: Analysis • Step4: Design of beams • Step5: Design of Columns • Step6: Design of footings

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PROBLEM 2 5 .

Design the slab.PROBLEM 2 A portal frame hinged at base has following data: Spacing of portal frames = 4m Height of columns = 4m Distance between column centers = 10m Live load on roof = 1. Safe bearing capacity of soil=200 kN/m2 Adopt M-20 grade concrete and Fe-415 steel. 6 .5 kN/m2 RCC slab continuous over portal frames. portal frame and foundations and sketch the details of reinforcements.

Data given: • Spacing of frames = 4m • Span of portal frame = 10m • Height of columns = 4m • Live load on roof = 1.5 kN/m2 • Concrete: M20 grade • Steel: Fe 415 7 .

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12 x 24 = 2.50 kN/m2 (assumed) • Ceiling finish = 0.Step1:Design of slab • Assume over all depth of slab as 120mm and effective depth as 100mm • Self weight of slab = 0.63 kN/m2 • Live load wL = 1.25 kN/m2 (assumed) • Total dead load wd = 3.50 kN/m2 (Given in the data) • Maximum service load moment at interior support = w d L9 w L L9 = 8.5 kN-m + 9 9 9 10 .88 kN/m2 • Weight of roof finish = 0.

Step1:Design of slab (Contd) • Mulim=Qlimbd2 (Qlim=2.5 mm c/c • Provide #10 @ 200 c/c 11 .54 x 1000)/384= 204.76) • = 2.9 9 x9 9 = =9 .9 9 9 9 9 bd 9 9 9 9 x1 1 1 • From table 2 of SP16 pt=0.6 kN-m > 12. Ast=(0.384 x 1000 x 100)/100= 384 mm2 • Spacing of 10 mm dia bars = (78.384.76 x 1000 x 1002 / 1 x 106 = 27.75 kN-m 9 Mu 9 9 .

26 x 1000)/144= 349 mm c/c • Provide #8 @ 340 c/c.Step1:Design of slab (Contd) • Area of distribution steel Adist=0. reinforcement in the slab is shown in Fig 12 . Main and dist.12 x 1000 x 120 / 100 = 144 mm2 • Spacing of 8 mm dia bars = (50.

Step1:Design of slab (Contd) 13 .

breadth b = 450mm and column section equal to 450 mm x 600 mm.Step2: Preliminary design of beams and columns • Beam: • Effective span = 10m • Effective depth based on deflection criteria = 10000/13 = 769.23mm • Assume over all depth as 750 mm with effective depth = 700mm. 14 .

00 kN/m • Height of beam above hinge = 4+0.45x0.52 kN/m • ii) Self weight of rib of beam = 0.10 15 .Step3: Analysis Load on frame • i) Load from slab = (3.63x24 = 6. 6.1-075/2 =3.63+1.80 kN/m • Total ≈ 28.5) x 4 =20.72 m • The portal frame subjected to the udl considered for analysis is shown in Fig.

) 16 .Step3: Analysis (Contd.

IBC= 450 x 7503/12 = 158.2 x 108 mm4 • Stiffness Factor: • KBA= IAB / LAB = 21.8 x 105 17 .Step3:Analysis(Contd) • The moments in the portal frame hinged at the base and loaded as shown in Fig. is analised by moment distribution • IAB = 450 x 6003/12 = 81 x 108 mm4.77 x 105 KBC= IBC / LBC = 15.

9 9 ×9 9 = =9 .9 9 9 9 .9 ×9 9 ∑ K BA 9 9 Fixed End Moments: • MFAB= MFBA= MFCD= MFDC 0 • MFBC= -=-233 kN-m and MFCB= =233 kN-m 18 .Step3:Analysis(Contd) • Distribution Factors: D BA = D BC K BA 9 9 .9 9 ×9 9 +9 9 .

Step3:Analysis(Contd) Moment Distribution Table 19 .

Step3:Analysis(Contd) Bending Moment diagram 20 .

Step3:Analysis(Contd) Design moments: • Service load end moments: MB=156 kN-m.5 x 194 = 291 kN-m • Maximum Working shear force (at B or C) in beam = 0.5 x 156 = 234 kN-m. • Service load mid span moment in beam= 28x102/8 – 102 =194 kN-m • Design mid span moment Mu+=1.5 x 28 x 10 = 140kN • Design shear force Vu21 = 1. • Design end moments MuB=1.5 x 140 = 210 kN .

The mid span section of this beam is designed as a T-beam and the beam section at the ends are designed as rectangular section.7 x 10 =7m • bf= 7/6+0.Step4:Design of beams: • The beam of an intermediate portal frame is designed.12=2.45+6x0. • Design of T-section for Mid Span : L • Design moment Mu=291 kN-m +b +9 D 9 • Flange width bf= • Here Lo=0.33m o w f 22 .7 x L = 0.

3 kN-m > Mu Safe •The reinforcement is computed using table 2 of SP16 23 . •Mulim=KT bwd2 fck = 0.43 x 450 x 7002 x 20/1x106 = 1896.43.2 and Df /d =0.Step4:Design of T-beam: •bf/bw=5. the moment resistance factor is given by KT=0.17 Referring to table 58 of SP16.

93 •Hence 4 Nos.392 •Ast=0.392 x 450x700/100 = 1234. of #20 at bottom in the mid span 24 .beam: •Mu/bd2 = 291 x 106/(450x7002)≈ 1.Step4:Design of T.8 mm2 •No of 20 mm dia bar = 1234.8/(π x202/4) =3.3 for this pt=0.

327 x 450 x 700 / 100 = 1030 •No of 20 mm dia bar = 1030/(π x202/4) =3.Step4:Design of Rectangular beam: •Design moment MuB=234 kN-m •MuB/bd2= 234x106/450x7002 ≈ 1.327 •Ast=0.2 •Hence 4 Nos.25 L = 2.1 From table 2 of SP16 pt=0. of #20 at the top near the ends for a distance of o.5m from face of the column as shown in Fig 25 .

Step4:Design of beams Long. Section: 26 .

Step4:Design of beams Cross-Section: 27 .

432 < τ v Hence shear reinforcement is required to be designed •Strength of concrete Vuc=0.Check for Shear: V 9 9 9 x9 9 τ = = =9 .4 from table 19 τ c=0.4 •Permissible stress for pt=0.9 9 •Nominal shear stress = bd 9 9 9 ×9 9 9 •pt=100x 1256/(450x700)=0.39≈ 0.432 x 450 x 700/1000 = 136 kN •Shear to be carried by steel Vus=210-136 = 74 kN 9 u v 28 .

432 x 400 x 600/1000 = 103 kN •Shear to be carried by steel Vus=162-103 = 59 kN 29 .Check for Shear: •Nominal shear stress = pt=100x 942/(400x600)=0.4 from table 19 τ c=0.4 •Permissible stress for pt=0.432 < τ v Hence shear reinforcement is required to be designed •Strength of concrete Vuc=0.39≈ 0.

9 9 f y A sv d Vus 9 .Check for Shear: •Spacing 2 legged 8 mm dia stirrup •sv= 9 .9 9 ×9 9 9 ×9 ×9 9 ×9 9 9 = =1 1 1 .9 9 9 9 9 ×1 1 •Two legged #8 stirrups are provided at 300 mm c/c (equal to maximum spacing) 30 .

d’/D ≈ 0.Step5:Design of Columns: • Cross-section of column = 450 mm x 600 mm • Ultimate axial load Pu=1.5 x 156 = 234 kN-m ( Maximum) • Assuming effective cover d’ = 50 mm.1 31 .5 x 140 = 210 kN (Axial load = shear force in beam) • Ultimate moment Mu= 1.

Mu 1 1 1 ×9 9 = = 9 . 9 9 9 9 f ck bD 9 9 ×9 9 9 ×9 9 9 9 Pu 9 9 9 ×9 9 = =9 .9 9 f ck bD 9 9 ×1 1 1 ×9 9 9 9 32 .

p=20 x 0.8 % ) • Ast=0. of bars required = 2160/314 = 6.Step5:Design of Columns: • Referring to chart 32 of SP16.8 % • Equal to Minimum percentage stipulated by IS456-2000 (0.04 = 0.8 • Provide 8 bars of #20 33 .8x450x600/100 = 2160 mm2 • No. p/fck=0.04.

Step5:Design of Columns: 8mm diameter tie shall have pitch least of the following • Least lateral dimension = 450 mm • 16 times diameter of main bar = 320 mm • 48 times diameter of tie bar = 384 • 300mm Provide 8 mm tie @ 300 mm c/c 34 .

600 450 8-#20 Tie #8 @300 c/c 35 .

Permissible compressive stress in concrete at hinge= 2x0.Step6:Design of Hinges: • At the hinge portion.4fck =16 MPa Factored thrust =Pu=210kN Cross sectional area of hinge required = 210x103/16=13125 mm2 Provide concrete area of 200 x100 (Area =20000mm2) for the hinge 36 • • • • . concrete is under triaxial stress and can withstand higher permissible stress.

72=42 Ultimate shear force = 1.5x42=63 kN Inclination of bar with vertical = θ = tan-1(30/50) =31o Ultimate shear force = 0.9 9 ×9 9 9 × sin 1 1 • Provide 4-#16 (Area=804 mm2) 37 .87 fy Ast sinθ 9 9 9 ×9 9 9 A st = = 9 9 9 mm o 9 .Step6:Design of Hinges: • • • • Shear force at hinge = Total moment in column/height = 156/3.

6 x3.45 x 0.72x 24 = 24 Self weight of footing @10% = 16 kN Total load = 180 kN Working moment at base = 42 x 1 =42 kN-m 38 • .Step7:Design of Footings: • Load: Axial Working load on column = 140 kN Self weight of column =0.

Step6:Design of Footings: • Approximate area footing required = Load on column/SBC = 180/200 =0. The footing size shall be assumed to be 1mx2m (Area=2 m2) 39 .9 m2 • However the area provided shall be more than required to take care of effect of moment.

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72/2 = 22 kN-m 41 ≈ 33 kN-m • Factored moment Mu .Step6:Design of Footings: • Maximum pressure qmax=P/A+M/Z = 180/2+6x42/1x22 = 153 kN/m2 • Minimum pressure qmin =P/A-M/Z = 180/2-6x42/1x22 = 27 kN/m2 • Average pressure q = (153+27)/2 = 90 kN/m2 • Bending moment at X-X = 90 x 1 x 0.

Step6:Design of Footings: • Over all depth shall be assumed as 300 mm and effective depth as 250 mm.15% > Minimum pt=0.12% 42 .9 9 9 Corresponding percentage of steel from Table 2 of SP16 is pt= 0. 9 Mu 9 9 ×9 9 • bd • 9 = 9 9 9 9 ×9 9 9 9 =9 .

Step6:Design of Footings: • Area of steel per meter width of footing is Ast=0.12x1000x250/100=300 mm2 • • Spacing of 12 mm diameter bar = 113x1000/300 = 376 mm c/c Provide #12 @ 300 c/c both ways 43 .

25√ fck=1.7)=126.5x103/(2x(850+700)250) = 0.18 MPa > τ 44 punch Safe • .16 MPa Permissible shear stress = 0.5 kN Punching shear stress τ punch =Vpunch/(2x(ao+bo)d) =126.Step6:Design of Footings: • • • • Length of punching influence plane = ao= 600+250 = 850 mm Width of punching influence plane = bo= 450+250 = 700 mm Punching shear Force = Vpunch =180-90x(0.85x0.

15 .5 kN Shear stress τ v=40.Step6:Design of Footings: Check for One Way Shear • Shear force at a distance ‘d’ from face of column • V= 90x1x0. the permissible stress τ c = 0. 45 .28 • (From table 19 of IS456-2000) • Details of reinforcement provided in footing is shown in Fig.5x103/(1000x250)=0.162 • MPa For pt=0.45 = 40.

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Suresh Civil Engineering Department The National Institute of Engineering Mysore-570 008 Mob: 9342188467 Email: gss_nie@yahoo.Dr.com 48 . G.S.