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# SHIRDI SAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE Anekal, Bangalore 562 106

## QUESTION BANK ( OLD SCHEME )

INDUSTRIAL DRIVES & APPLICATIONS ( EE82 ) INTERNAL TEST NO:1 UNIT-I
1. What is an Electric Drive? Explain the classification of Electric Drives with merits and demerits of each. 2. Discuss the various factors governing selection of motors for a drive system. 3. Distinguish between an electric motor and an electric drive. What are the methods by which power is transmitted from the motor to the driven unit? 4. Compare the advantages of individual drive with group drive. 5. Differentiate between passive and active torques with illustration. Establish the criteria for steady state stability of electric drives. 6. Explain the operation of a hoist motor driving a hoist motor with four quadrant speed torque diagram.. 7. Explain the block diagram of an Electric Drin? What are the advantages of an Electric Drin? 8. Define natural characteristic related to DC Shunt Motor, draw natural rheostatic speed - torque characteristic of dc shunt motor and explain. 9. Draw and Explain the modified speed - torque characteristics of DC Shunt Motor with i) insertion of resistance in the armature circuit and ii) variation of field circuit. 10. With a neat sketch, explain the different methods of braking for a DC Shunt Motor. What are the merits of electric braking? (or) With block schematics explain different methods of electric braking bringing out the advantages and limitations of each. 11. Explain the different methods of speed control applied for DC Shunt Motor. 12. With a neat sketch, explain the different methods of braking for a 3 phase Induction Motor. What are the merits of electric braking? 13. Write short notes on rotor resistance variation in slip ring induction motor. 14. Draw speed - torque characteristics of a 3 phase Induction Motor and derive the equation for the same. 15. Derive an expression for the ratio Ist/I for 3Phase induction motor in terms of S and SmaxT. The stator resistance is considered to be negligible. 16. Derive an approximate expression considering the stator resistance to be negligible to T/Tmax ratio in terms of slip S and slip corresponding to maximum torque SmaxT of 3 Phase induction motor. Prepared by: Mrs.R.GUNASEKARI

17. Explain the different methods of speed control applied for 3 induction motor. 18. The maximum torque of a 3 phase Induction motor is twice the full load torque and the starting torque is equal to the full load torque. Calculate the full load slip. Neglect stator impedance. 19. A motor costing Rs.80,000 /- (rupees eighty thousand only) is employed for group drive for a certain installation. How will its total annual cost compare with the case where 5 individual motors each costing Rs.20,000 /- are used? The annual energy consumption is 40,000 KWh with group drive whereas it is 30,000 KWh with individual drive. The cost of energy is Rs. 5 /- per KWh. Assume depreciation, maintenance and other fixed charges at 12% in case of group drive and 18% in case of individual drive. ANS: Refer A first Course on Electrical Drives by S.K.Pillai 20. A 230V, 21A, 1000 RPM Dc Shunt Motor has an armature resistance of 0.05 and a field resistance of 230. The magnetization characteristic of the machine is as follows: Field current (A) EMF at 1500 RPM (V) 0.2 50 0.4 100 0.6 150 0.8 190 1.0 219 1.2 235 1.4 245

Calculate the speed and torque developed by the motor with full load current under each of the following conditions i) No external resistance is included ii) A resistance of 0.05 is connected in series with armature and iii) A resistance of 110 is connected in series with field winding ANS: Refer Electric Drives by N.K.De & P.K.Sen 21. A 200V, 10.5A, 2000 rpm DC Shunt Motor has the armature and field resistances of 0.5 and 400 respectively. It drives a load whose torque is constant at rated motor torque. Calculate the motor speed of the source voltage drops to 175V. ANS: Refer A first Course on Electrical Drives by S.K.Pillai 22. A 250V shunt motor giving 15KW at 1000 rpm, takes an armature current of 75A. The armature resistance is 0.25 and the load torque remains constant. If the flux is reduced by 20% of its normal value before the speed changes, find the instantaneous value of the armature current and the torque. Determine the final value of the armature current and speed. ANS: Refer A first Course on Electrical Drives by S.K.Pillai 23. A 400V, 15KW DC Shunt Motor takes 40A and runs at a speed of 1200RPM. The shunt field resistance is 200. Assume that the load torque values as the square of the speed, neglect iron and friction losses and also the armature reaction effect. Calculate the resistance to be connected in series with the armature to reduce the speed to 1000 rpm, take armature resistance as 0.55. ANS: Refer Electric Drives by N.K.De & P.K.Sen 24. A 220V, 21A, 1000 rpm DC Shunt Motor has an armature resistance of 0.05 and a field resistance of 220. The armature current of the motor on full load is 21A and it runs at 1000 rpm, if a resistance of 0.5 is inserted in series with the armature, determine a. The speed of the motor at full load torque Prepared by: Mrs.R.GUNASEKARI

b. The speed of the motor at 60% of full load torque. ANS: Refer A first Course on Electrical Drives by S.K.Pillai 25. A 250V Dc Shunt Motor has armature resistance of 0.25 and shunt field resistance of 250 . When driving a load of constant torque at 600 rpm, the armature current is 20A.If it is desired to raise the speed from 600 rpm to 800 rpm, what resistance should be inserted in the shunt field circuit? Assume that the magnetic circuit is unsaturated. ANS: Refer A first Course on Electrical Drives by S.K.Pillai 26. A 500V, 45KW, 600 rpm DC Shunt Motor has full load efficiency of 90%. The field resistance is 200 and the armature resistance is 0.2. The field current is maintained constant. Armature reaction and brush drop may be neglected. Calculate the rated armature current and hence find the speed under regenerative braking with no external resistance condition at which the machine develops an electromagnetic torque equal to the rated value. ANS: Refer Electric Drives by N.K.De & P.K.Sen 27. A 220V, 10KW, 1200 rpm DC Shunt Motor has full load efficiency of 85%. The field losses and armature resistance an 110 and 0.25 respectively. Neglect rotational losses and armature reaction. Calculate the value of the resistance required to be inserted in series with armature to reduce the speed to 900 rpm when a. The load torque is constant regardless of speed. b. The load torque varies as the square of the speed. ANS: Refer Electric Drives by N.K.De & P.K.Sen 28. A 200V D.C. Shunt Motor takes 5A and runs at 1000rpm on No load. The armature & field resistances are 0.2 & 220 respectively. Calculate the Speed, developed torque and shaft torque when the motor input is 11kW. ANS: Refer A first Course on Electrical Drives by S.K.Pillai 29. A 500V shunt motor, taking an armature current of 240A while running at 800 rpm is braked by disconnecting the armature from the supply and closing it on a resistance of 2.02 , the field excitation remaining constant. Calculate a. the initial braking current b. the torque at 600 rpm as a fraction of that at 800 rpm. The armature resistance is 0.05 . ANS: Refer Electric Drives by N.K.De & P.K.Sen 30. A 220V, 20KW DC Shunt Motor running at its rated speed of 1200rpm is to be braked by reverse current braking. The armature resistance is 0.1 and rated efficiency of motor is 88%. Calculate, a. The resistance to be connected in series with the armature to limit the initial braking current to twice the rated current b. The initial braking torque c. The torque when the speed falls 400 rpm. ANS: Refer Electric Drives by N.K.De & P.K.Sen 31. A 400V, 750 rpm, 70A, DC shunt Motor has an armature resistance of 0.3 . When running under rated conditions, the motor is to be braked by plugging with armature current limited to 90A. What external resistance should be connected in series with the Prepared by: Mrs.R.GUNASEKARI

armature? Calculate the initial braking torque and its value when the sped has fallen to 30 rpm. ANS: Refer Electric Drives by N.K.De & P.K.Sen 32. A 230V, 3 phase, 50Hz, 4 pole, 10A, 0.85 pf, squirrel cage induction motor has a full load rated speed of 1440 rpm. The stator losses amount to 86.16 watts. The total inertia of the motor together with load is 0.0486 kg m2. Determine i. The input power ii. Power transferred to rotor iii. Rotor copper loss iv. Permissible energy in one minute v. Total energy dissipated in rotor during starting and breaking vi. Total number of starts and stops, by dol stop by plugging without exceeding allowable temperature risk. ANS: Refer Electric Drives by N.K.De & P.K.Sen 33. A 3 phase 415V, 50Hz, 74.6KW, 6 pole slip ring induction motor drives a fan load whose torque varies as the square of the speed. The resistance of each rotor phase is 0.2 . At full load the motor runs at a speed of 970 rpm with slip rings short-circuited. The torque speed relation of the motor may be assumed to be linear from no load to full load. Determine the additional resistance required into each rotor phase to reduce the speed of the fan to 600 rpm. ANS: Refer Electric Drives by N.K.De & P.K.Sen 34. A 400V. 3 phase, 50Hz, 4 pole squirrel cage induction motor has the following equivalent circuit parameters. R1 = 0.1 , X1 = 0.4 , R2 = 0.1 , X2 = 0.4 , Xm = 14.0 . The motor was operating on full load at slip = 0.05, when the two stator terminal were suddenly interchanged. Calculate the primary current and the braking torque immediately after application of plugging. ANS: Refer Electric Drives by N.K.De & P.K.Sen 35. The rotor of a 6 pole, 50 Hz, slip ring induction motor has a resistance of 0.2 per phase and runs at 960 rpm on full load. Calculate the resistance per phase to be inserted in the motor circuit such that speed is reduced to 800 rpm. The torque being i. The same as before and ii. Proportional to square of the speed. ANS: Refer Electric Drives by N.K.De & P.K.Sen 36. A 3 Phase, 440V, 50Hz, 10Pole star connected induction motor has the following parameters. R1 = 0.5 Ohm. R2 = 0.45 Ohm. X1 = 0.6 Ohm. X2 = 1.8 Ohm. Sf = 0.05 . Ratio of effective stator to rotor turns is 1/3 . The motor is to be braked at rated speed and external resistance of 1.75 Ohm per phase has been inserted into the rotor circuits ( resistance value referred to stator ). Calculate the initial braking torque with D.C. Rheostatic braking. ANS: Refer Electric Drives by N.K.De & P.K.Sen

## Prepared by: Mrs.R.GUNASEKARI

37. A 400V. 3 phase, 50Hz, 6 pole, star connected induction motor has the following equivalent circuit parameters referred to stator. R1 = R2 = 1 , X1 = X2 = 2 . The motor is to be braked by plugging from its initial full load speed of 950 rpm. Stator to rotor turns ratio 2.3. i) Calculate the initial braking current and torque as a ratio of their full load values. ii) What resistance must be inserted in the rotor circuit in order to reduce the maximum braking current to 1.5 times full load current? What will be the initial braking torque now? ANS: Refer Electric Drives by N.K.De & P.K.Sen 38. A 440V, 3 phase , 50 Hz, 10 pole squirrel cage induction motor has the following data: Stator resistance per phase = 1.2 Stator leakage reactance per phase = 2.4 Rotor resistance per phase = 0.006 Rotor standstill reactance per phase = 0.022 Effective turns ratio = 10 : 1 Full load slip = 0.04. The stator is star connected. The motor was operating on full load when plugging is executed. Calculate the braking torque immediately after plugging. Neglect magnetizing current. ANS: Refer Electric Drives by N.K.De & P.K.Sen

NOTE:

I prepared the Question Bank for this subject from previous VTU Exam QPs and also from standard Reference and Text Books as mentioned in our VTU Syllabus.All above mentioned problems were solved in the class and also gave notes and solutions of all problems (Hard copy) to the students.

## SHIRDI SAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE Anekal, Bangalore 562 106

Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering

QUESTION BANK
INDUSTRIAL DRIVES & APPLICATIONS ( EE82 ) UNIT-II
Prepared by: Mrs.R.GUNASEKARI