DRC Use of Force Correctional Institution Inspection Committee

July 11, 2013

Use of Force Defined
DRC Administrative Rule 5120-9-01 defines “force” as “exertion or application of a physical compulsion or constraint.”  Less-than-deadly force means any force which could not reasonably be expected to result in the death of the person against whom it is directed.  Excessive force means an application of force which, either by the type of force employed, or the extent to which such force is employed, exceeds that force which reasonably appears to be necessary under all the circumstances surrounding the incident.  Deadly force means any force that carries a substantial risk that it will proximately result in the death of any person.

Use of Force Guidelines
AR 5120-9-01 establishes the following guidelines for officers’ use of force:  Staff members shall evaluate the need to use force based on the circumstances as known and perceived at the time it is considered.  Staff may use force only to the extent deemed necessary to control the situation; staff shall increase or decrease the level of force as resistance increases or decreases.  Staff should attempt to use the least amount of force necessary.  Force or physical harm shall not be used as punishment.  Medical attention for any individual injured during a use of force incident will be provided as soon as practical.

1

Racial Breakdown of Inmates Involved in UOF Incidents in 2012 Other 1.8%

Key Statistics
Total use of force incidents increased by 10.0 percent from CY 2008 – 2012. In 2012, there were 4,203 uses of force, the lowest number since 2008. Lebanon Correctional Institution, which houses Level 3/close security offenders, had the highest number of use of force incidents in 2012 with 512 incidents. Southern Ohio Correctional Facility, which houses Level 4/maximum security offenders, had the highest use of force rate in 2012.

White 33.6%

Black 64.6%

1

Missing Dayton Correctional Institution December 2012 data.
Correctional Institution Inspection Committee Riffe Center, 77 S. High Street, 15th Floor, Columbus, Ohio 43215, PHONE (614) 466-6649, FAX (614) 466-6929

Total Use of Force Incidents 2008 – 2012
6,000 4,908 4,966 5,084 4,203 4,000 3,821

5,000

3,000

2,000

1,000

0 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

*Data provided by the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction.

Rate of Use of Force Incidents 2008 – 2012
120 96 97 101 85 80 76

100

60

40

20

0 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

* Data was calculated by dividing the annual number of use of force incidents by the average population for each year.

Correctional Institution Inspection Committee Riffe Center, 77 S. High Street, 15th Floor, Columbus, Ohio 43215, PHONE (614) 466-6649, FAX (614) 466-6929

Total Number of Use of Force Incidents 2008 – 2012
LeCI SOCF ManCI AOCI CRC LorCI ToCI WCI NCI RiCI NCCC MaCI ORW TCI RCI BeCI OSP SCI MCI LoCI LaECI CCI GCC PCI NEPRC DCI HCF FMC
0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 2,000 2,200 2,400 2,600 2,800 3,000 3,200 3,400

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

*Data provided by the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction. **Note that AOCI includes both the former Allen Oakwood Correctional Institution and Oakwood Correctional Facility; GCC includes the former Grafton Correctional Institution and North Coast Correctional Treatment Facility. FMC includes the former Corrections Medical Center and Franklin Pre-Release Center. DCI includes the former Montgomery Education Pre-Release Center.
Correctional Institution Inspection Committee Riffe Center, 77 S. High Street, 15th Floor, Columbus, Ohio 43215, PHONE (614) 466-6649, FAX (614) 466-6929

Rate of Use of Force Incidents per 1,000 Inmates* CY 2012
350

300

250

200

150

100

50

0

Level 1/2

Level 3

Level 4/5

Reception

Medical/ Female

*Data was calculated by dividing the annual number of use of force incidents by the average population for 2012.
Correctional Institution Inspection Committee Riffe Center, 77 S. High Street, 15th Floor, Columbus, Ohio 43215, PHONE (614) 466-6649, FAX (614) 466-6929

Percent Change in Rate of Use of Force Incidents 2008 – 2012
350

300

250

200

150

100

50

0 LECI OSP MCI TOCI CCI NCI RCI LOCI GCC HCF WCI LORCI SOCF RICI NCCC MACI BECI NEPRC MANCI AOCI ORW LAECI CRC DCI SCI PCI TCI

-50

-100
*Data provided by the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction. Data was calculated comparing the rate of use of force incidents in 2008 and 2012, dividing the total number of reported uses of force in the calendar year by the average institutional population for that year. **Note that AOCI includes both the former Allen Oakwood Correctional Institution and Oakwood Correctional Facility; GCC includes the former Grafton Correctional Institution and North Coast Correctional Treatment Facility. DCI includes the former Montgomery Education Pre-Release Center and transitioned from a male to a female population in 2011. ***NCCC’s data compares 2012 data to 2009 data, as the 2008 numbers appear to be underreported. ****FMC was excluded due to the very low number of uses of force.
Correctional Institution Inspection Committee Riffe Center, 77 S. High Street, 15th Floor, Columbus, Ohio 43215, PHONE (614) 466-6649, FAX (614) 466-6929

Use of Force Statistics
Institution
AOCI BeCI CCI CRC DCI FMC GCC HCF LaECI LeCI LoCI LorCI MaCI ManCI MCI NCCC NCI NEPRC ORW OSP PCI RCI RiCI SCI SOCF TCI ToCI WCI

2008
268 76 69 151 4 1 70 5 56 335 94 184 196 185 77 22 172 10 132 159 35 122 140 95 791 61 147 164

2009
343 121 92 210 5 1 87 8 67 594 95 290 154 385 102 155 216 5 157 91 61 144 178 90 757 88 144 268

2010
246 167 95 191 3 0 73 9 83 821 89 235 202 476 90 197 231 11 181 42 45 154 207 105 502 183 132 196

2011
168 103 88 244 6 3 60 5 108 1019 101 149 159 383 116 214 167 14 254 140 46 112 205 84 543 169 258 166

2012
100 99 36 289 15 4 35 2 103 512 85 203 124 347 87 257 124 17 104 99 42 110 163 122 407 201 362 154

TOTAL
1,125 566 380 1,085 33 9 325 29 417 3,281 464 1,061 835 1,776 472 845 910 57 828 531 229 642 893 496 3,000 702 1,043 948

Total

3,821

4,908

4,966

5,084

4,203

22,982

Correctional Institution Inspection Committee Riffe Center, 77 S. High Street, 15th Floor, Columbus, Ohio 43215, PHONE (614) 466-6649, FAX (614) 466-6929

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