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This Service Manual describes of the hardware information which is necessary for the smooth repair and technical support of the XGA DATA PROJECTOR ELP/EMP-7550 and the trouble shooting. The primary technologies will be supplied with Technical Information hereafter.


You may utilize this Service Manual for repair or diagnosis of failures at your service section. The contents are as following. Before you start the maintenance service, read every safety precautions and observe safety precautions and observe safety rules. Precautions: SAFETY, MAINTENANCE, PERSON and others. Chapter 1: Product specifications (Product General, variance with ELP/EMP-7500, list of spec. and others)


This product is the type 1 information equipment and uses radio frequency energy and fully complies with the limits for the specifications in the computer information equipment radio interference regulation (VCCI rules). If not installed and used properly manufacturer's instructions, may cause interference to radio and television reception.

IBM and DOS/V are the trademark or the registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation. Macintosh and Power Book are the registered trademarks of Apple Computer Inc. Windows is the trademark of Microsoft Corporation. EPSON is the trademark of SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION. NOTICES
1. This document should not be reproduced in whole or in part without the written permission of SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION. 2. Any of description in this document is the subject to change without notice in future. 3. The information and specification in this document are the most up-to-date at the time of publication. However, we are unable to guarantee the accuracy of printed material after the date of publication. In case of any mistake or lack of description, please kindly notify us to correct. 4. Any influence by utilizing the document may be out of our responsibility regardless the item 3 above.




Record of Revisions
History REV-A Issued Date 1999, August. 22 Alternation Preliminary Issued

Memo Random
Free area to memorize any important technical information here.


(1) PROTECTION FROM ELECTRIC SHOCK * Whenever doing any repair work on the product, be sure to turn off the power switch and remove the electric power cable from the electrical outlet. * Whenever inevitably turning the power on to the product opening the case or cover (repair process) be sure to take off any metallic materials such as watch, cuffs, rings, and tie pins which may touch the metallic part of the product and dangerous of electric shock. (2) PROTECTION FROM ACCIDENTAL INJURY * Be sure not to touch the lamp inner housing and its circumstances after the power is turned off, they may be heated up even after the cooling down process was ended. Also make sure not to touch the light source and its circumstances during the operation of repair as turning the power on. * Make sure to protect your hands by gloves from sharp edges during assembly and disassembly. * Do not look into the light source or lens while the light is on. Protect eyes from being damaged. (3) PROTECTION FROM ACCIDENTS * Any operation should be done while the device placed on a flat and stable place to prevent the device or parts from being dropped. Be careful not to place tools and parts on the device or at your feet. * Whenever doing any repair work on the product, be sure to away from a place for foreigner come across in order to prevent the product from being used in incomplete condition or accidental near miss. Be sure not to leave the product during any repair work. * Be sure to use the attached power cable when you supply the power to the product.


(1) ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGE * Whenever doing any repair work on the product, be sure to wear the wristband and the electrostatic mat with grounding. When replacing any electric components (Board and Optical engine), it is recommended to touch the electrostatic plastic bag of the component to the metallic part of the product once before take the component out from the plastic bag. (2) LIMITATION OF PARTS * Use only authorized or supplied parts from EPSON for the replacement of mechanical parts including the lamp inner housing, air filter and so on. * Use only the power cable and the interface cables attached with the product. (3) Others * Visually checks the distortion or dirt at the connectors of the power cable. If dirty, clean off, and if distorted, replace the cable in order to avoid firing by the flush over phenomenon. * When plug the internal connector cables or the interface cables, be sure to fully plug into the connectors unit until it stack to the connector edge. * Whenever doing removal of parts or repair work on the product, make sure that the work is done in a clean room, free of dust and dirt in order to keep the optical element away from dirt.


Authorized person should have the following knowledge and skill for the maintenance of ELP/EMP-7550. * Need to sufficiently understand the operation and the descriptions of this service manual. * Need to have the basic knowledge of electricity (safety operation, circuit diagram, electrostatic, and else...) * Need to be trained by EPSON authorized maintenance training program and to have a certain technique as a service engineer.

* Any questions on the ELP/EMP-7550's service including supply of the service parts or contents of the document would like to be contacted to the below address. Any technical information about amendments is occasionally available as Technical Information.

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION ADDRESS; 4897 OH-AZA SIMAUCHI,MATSUMOTO-SHI, NAGANO-KEN, 390-8640 JAPAN TEL: +81-263-48-5437 FAX: +81-263-48-5680 ATTN: VD Customer Support Group


Contents Chapter 1 Product Specifications

1.1 PRODUCT GENERAL ...................................................................... 1-1 1.2 VARIANCE WITH ELP/EMP-7500.................................................... 1-1 1.2.1 Component .............................................................................. 1-1 1.2.3 ESC/VP.................................................................................... 1-1 1.3 SPECIFICATIONS LIST.................................................................... 1-2 1.4 CAPABLE COMPUTERS' MODE LIST............................................. 1-4 1.5 CAPABLE TV SIGNAL MODE LIST.................................................. 1-7 1.6 EXPLANATION OF AFTER SERVICE INFORMATION ............... 1-8


Chapter 1 Product Specifications


ELP/EMP-7550 XGA DATA PROJECTOR is such model that ELP/EMP-7500 was changed in respect of Light Valve and Ballast/Lamp. repair service with referring to Service Manual for Circuit, mechanism, optical system and others are common with ELP/EMP-7500. So please handle the relative ELP/EMP-7500.


1.2.1 Component
Of all the components of ELP/EMP-7550, every part except the following parts and units are common with ELP/EMP-7500.
Table 1-1. List of different parts (Comparison between ELP/EMP-7500 and 7550)

Part name Optical engine Light Valve R Light Valve G Light Valve B Lamp Inner Housing Power Supply unit A Ballast Board Assembly Logotype Plate Rating Label JAN Code Label Serial No. Label A Master Carton

Remarks involving Light Valve High aperture LCD ditto ditto involving Ballast Board Assembly Pulse drive Indicated name of ELP/EMP/PowerLite-7550. ditto ditto ditto ditto

The Light Valves are incorporated in the optical engine. The Optical engine is to be supplied as one unit. Expensive adjustment equipment is required to repair the internal optical engine so that such items are to be repaired at the exclusive factory in Japan.

1.2.2 ESC/VP
ESC/VP (Epson Standard Code for Visual Products) is prepared as a command system for controlling projector via computer. Each level command is basically upper compatible. However the commands which correspond to the projector hardware function are exclusive commands for each model. The capable projectors for each level are as follows:
Table 1- 2. Interchangeability list for ESC/VP Level

Level ESC/VP Level 2 ESC/VP Level 3 ESC/VP Level 4

The capable projector ELP/EMP-3000,3300 ELP/EMP-3500,5000,7000,5100,7100 ELP/EMP-7300,5500,5300,7200,7500,5550,7550 1-1



Table 1-3. Spec. comparison list (between ELP/EMP-7550 and 7500) Description Display system / Optical system ELP/EMP-7550 ELP/EMP-7500

Display method / Running method Poly-silicon 0.9" TFT High Poly-silicon 0.9" TFT LCD Transmittance LCD with with MLA x 3 MLA x 3 /Full lines, 12 phase block /Full lines, 12 phase block series series Optical method Dichroic mirror separation and prism combine method Projection image size Minimum 19 inch to maximum 300 inch Projection distance 1.0m ~ 16.3m Resolution 786,432 pixels (1024 x 768dots) x 3 sheets Projection Lens Zoom lens F1.7 - 2.0, f:37-48 mm Focus adjustment Manual Zooming adjustment Manual (1:1.3) 120 W (DC drive) Light Source 120 W (puls drive ) Life (Lamp inner housing) UHE lamp (type: ELPLP07) UHE lamp (type:ELPLP05) 2000 hours at 50% brightness or 50% motality) Average luminance AUDIO FEATURES Output for internal speaker Audio out Interface 900 ANSI lumen (Catalogue spec.) 800 ANSI lumen (Catalogue spec.)

Audio L/R interface (For Video device)

Audio interface (For Computer ) REMOTE CONTROL W ireless remote controller

Dynamic speaker (1W -8 W ) x 2 (stereo) 100 to 15,000 Hz External speaker 3.5 mm Stereo mini-jack Internal speaker output is stopped when mini-jack is plugged. Output signal: 0 to 500 mVrms Load impedance: 600 W Audio signal (stereo) from the video devices is separated with R (Right) and L (Left). Interface type: RCA jack Input signal: 500 mVrms Host computer Audio input (stereo) Interface type: 3.5 mm Stereo mini-jack Input signal: 500 mVrms/47 KW For controlling ELP/EMP-7550 operating mode and controlling host computer from ELP/EMP-7550. Signal is detected with internal receptor board. Control range: W ithin 10 m and 30 degree wide (right/left), 15 degree wide (upper/ lower) from receptor of LCP. W hen connecting 3.5 mm stereo mini-jack cable, external receptor of remote controller is available. (On plugging internal receptor being off.) Having conformity to Xantech "REMOTE IN" system



Description COMPUTER IMAGE SIGAL INPUT/OUTPUT Capable computer mode [Refer to Table 1-5 and 1-6] Input terminal Output terminal Input/ Output Signal



Sync. Signal

PC98, EGA, VGA, VESA 72/75/85, SVGA 56/60/72/75/85, XGA 60/70/75/85 MAC 13 /16 /19 /21, SXGA60/70/75/85 Form:HD-15Pin (adaptive to DDC1/2B ) Form: HD-15Pin Analogue RGB Standard Input level 0.7Vp-p, 75 W Mac 0.7141 Vpp, 75 W (Analogue RGB adoptive Input level 0.5 to 1.0 Vpp, 75 W ) Separate/Composite/Sync. On Green are capable Separate Sync.: Positive & Negative 3 to 5 Vp-p Composite Sync.: Positive & Negative 3 to 5 Vp-p Sync. On Green: Sync.- Negative 0.3 Vp-p NTSC3.58, NTSC4.43, PAL, N-PAL, M-PAL, SECAM Automatical discrimination (Fixed use is available.) Form: Mini DIN 4Pin Luminance 0.714 Vp-p, Chrominance 0.284 Vp-p 75 W S Video has priority over Composite Video.

TV IMAGE SIGNAL INPUT TV Signal Method [Refer to table 1-7] S Video Input Input terminal Input signal MOUSE/COM 1/2

Mouse and Serial Communication Automatically discrimination of Mouse (PS/2, Serial, ADB, 98 Bus), Serial Communication (RS-232C) Interface type: DIN 13pin POWER SUPPLY & Others Input Voltage AC100-120V/220-240V +- 10% (50/60Hz) Power Consumption Approx. 220W (Standby mode: 30W )


W eight

235 mm (W ) x 85 mm (H) x 345 mm (D) 238.5 mm (W ) x 93 mm (H) x 346 mm (D) include foot adjuster and lens Approx. 4.2 kg

EMVIRONMENT Operation/storage temperature +5C to +35C/ -10C to +60C (non condensing) Operation/storage humidity 20% to 80%/ 10% to 90% (non condensing) Operation/storage or carriage 2,286m/ 6,096m Altitude



1.4 Capable Computers' Mode List

Modes of capable computers are common to ELP/EMP-7500 and 7550.
Table 1-4. The formally supported PC Signal List (common to ELP/EMP-7500 and 7550)



Timing Name
NECPC400 DMT648A VGA_m3 VS901101 DMT6475 DMT6485 VG900601 VG9006002 VS900603 DMT8075 DMT8085 VG901101 VS910801 DMT1075 DMT1085 DMT1260 DMT1170 DMT1175 DMT1275 DMT1185 MAC_13C MAC_16 MAC_19 MAC_1960 MAC_21

Original Standard #
640 x 400@56Hz 640 x 350@85Hz 640 x 480@60Hz 640 x 480@72Hz 640 x 480@75Hz 640 x 480@85Hz 800 x 600@56Hz 800 x 600@60Hz 800 x 600@72Hz 800 x 600@75Hz 800 x 600@85Hz 1024x 768@60Hz 1024x 768@70Hz 1024x 768@75Hz 1024x 768@85Hz 1280x1024@60Hz 1152x 864@70Hz 1152x 864@75Hz 1280x1024@75Hz 1152x 864@85Hz 640 x 480@66Hz 832 x 624@75Hz 1024x 768@75Hz 1024x 768@59Hz 1152x 870@75Hz

V H Freq. Freq. [kHz] [Hz]

24.82 37.86 31.47 37.86 37.50 43.27 35.16 37.88 48.08 46.86 53.67 48.36 56.48 60.02 68.68 64.0 63.85 67.50 67.5 77.1 35.00 49.11 60.24 48.19 68.68 56.42 85.08 59.94 72.81 75.00 85.01 56.25 60.32 72.19 75.00 85.06 60.00 70.07 75.03 85.00 60.00 70.01 75.00 75.00 85.00 66.67 75.09 74.93 59.28 75.06

Pixel Clock [MHz]

21.1 31.5 25.2 31.5 31.5 36 36 40 50 49.5 56.3 65 75 78.8 94.5 108 94.5 108 135 121.5 30.2 55 80 64 100 CP CP CP CP


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9


VESA Support Standard Signal

10 SVGA75 11 SVGA85 12 XGA60 13 XGA70A 14 XGA75 15 XGA85 16 SXGA60 17 SXGA70 18 SXGA75 19 20 SXGA85 21 MAC13 22 MAC16 23 MAC19 24 MAC1960 25 MAC21

Notes CP : Composite Sync OG : Sync on Green



Table 1- 5. List of the PC Signals formally supported (Common to ELP/EMP-7500 and 7550)

The following signals are not mentioned in Users manual but they are available on ELP/EMP-7500 and 7550. No Format Timing Name
DMT648B VGA_m1 VGA_m2 XGA6475 DMT7285 PGA400 PGA480 XGA70B XGA76 SXGA60 SXGA75 SXGA85 HP1060 HP1070 HP1075A HP1075B INT1160 INT1176 SON1072 SUN1077 SUN1166 SUN116B SUN1176 SUN117B MAC12 MAC13 XGA_m5 XGA1076 DMT126A DMT127A DMT128A DMT1285 HP1060 HP1070 HP1075A HP1075B INT1160 INT1176 SON1072 SUN1077 SUN1166 SUN116B SUN1176 SUN117B MAC_12Ce MAC_13m

Original Standard #
640 x 400@85Hz 720 x 350@70Hz 720 x 400@70Hz 640 x 480@75Hz 720 x 400@85Hz 640 x 400@60Hz 640 x 480@60Hz 1024 x 768@70Hz 1024 x 768@76Hz 1280 x 960@60Hz 1280 x 960@75Hz 1280 x 960@85Hz 1024 x 768@60Hz 1024 x 768@70Hz 1024 x 768@75Hz 1024 x 768@75Hz 1184 x 884@60Hz 1184 x 884@76Hz 1024 x 768@72Hz 1024 x 768@77Hz 1152 x 900@66Hz 1152 x 900@66Hz 1152 x 900@76Hz 1152 x 900@76Hz 560 x 384@60Hz 640 x 480@66Hz

Pixel V H Freq. Freq. Clock [kHz] [Hz] [MHz]

37.86 31.47 31.47 39.38 37.93 30.30 30.30 56.29 61.08 60.00 75.00 85.94 47.70 56.48 62.94 60.24 55.20 71.71 57.87 62.04 61.80 61.85 71.71 71.81 24.48 34.98 35.00 85.1 70.1 70.09 75.00 85.2 59.6 59.6 70.01 75.78 60 75 85 85 60.00 70.1 74.9 75 60 76 71.8 77.1 66 66 76 76.1 60.1 66.6 66.7 31.5 28.3 28.3 31.5 35.5 25 25 77 86 108 126 148.5 157.5 64.1 75 84.6 80 83 105.6 CP 75 84.4 92.9 94.5 108 17.2 31.3 30.2 OG CP CP CP CP OG OG


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28


1280x 1024@85Hz 91.15

105.6 CP

MAC_13LC 640 x 480@66Hz

Notes CP : Composite Sync OG : Sync on Green



Table 1-6. Example for the unsupported PC Signal List (common to ELP/EMP-7500 and 7550) No Format Timing Name Original Standard #
640 x 400@70Hz 640 x 200@70Hz MAC_12m MAC_12C VGA_m4 HP1260 HP1272 HP1275 IBM6Km1 IBM6Km2 IBM6Km3 IBM6Km4 SON1274 SON1276 SON1061 SUN1267 SUN126B SUN1276 512 x 384@60Hz 512 x 384@60Hz 1024 x 768@87Hz 1280 x 1024@87Hz 1280 x 1024@60Hz 1280 x 1024@72Hz 1280 x 1024@75Hz 1024 x 1024@60Hz 1280 x 1024@60Hz 1280 x 1024@67Hz 1280 x 1024@67Hz 1280 x 1024@74Hz 1280 x 1024@76Hz 1280 x 1024@61Hz 1280 x 1024@67Hz 1280 x 1024@67Hz 1280 x 1024@76Hz

Pixel V H Freq. Freq. Clock [kHz] [Hz] [MHz]

31.46 31.46 24.48 24.48 35.52 46.43 63.34 78.13 79.98 63.36 63.36 70.76 70.76 78.86 81.21 65.27 71.72 71.68 81.13 70.00 70.00 60.1 60.1 87 87 60 72 75 60 60 67 67 74.1 76.2 61.4 66.72 66.68 76.11 108.2 135 135 89.2 111.5 120 120 135 140 92.9 117.1 118.1 135 CP OG OG OG 15.7 15.7 44.9 CP


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11

VGA256 VGACGA MAC12 MAC12 XGA43i SXGA43i HP1260 HP1272 HP1275


10 IBM60 12 IBM67 13 14 SON1274 15 SON1276 16 SON1061 17 SUN1267 18 SUN126B 19 SUN1276

Notes CP : Composite Sync OG : Sync on Green



1.5 Capable TV Signal Mode List

Modes of capable TV Signals are common to ELP/EMP-7550 and 7500.
Table 1-7. TV adaptive mode list (common to ELP/EMP-5500 and 5550)

TV Mode


Carrier Frequenc y(MHz) 3.580

Vertical Frequenc y(Hz) 60

Scannin g Line (pcs) 525





4.406 / 4.250 4.434 3.582 3.572 4.434

50 60 50 60 60

625 525 625 525 525

General NTSC (Japan, USA and others) General PAL (Europe, South East Asia and others) *1 (France, East Europe and others) *2 (Argentine, Uruguay, Bolivia) (Brazil) *2

[Additional explanation] On air method is shown with Color method-NTSC/PAL/SECAM and broadcasting standard-N/M/B/G. *1 *2 SECAM has "L" and "B/G/H" methods. These ones vary each other in respect of polarity of horizontal sync. signal and voice modulation method. NTSC4.43 and PAL60 are what are output when NTSC software is reproduced on VCR of PAL spec. Then the NTSC data is to be output in PAL spec. NTSC4.43 has transmission method of NTSC and the carrier frequency is 4.43MHz as well as PAL. PAL60 has transmission method of PAL and the vertical frequency is 60Hz as well as NTSC. Either ones have source of M-NTSC so that they have 525 pcs of scanning line for each.



1.6 Explanation of After Service Information

In the event pressing Help and Menu buttons at the same time about for 5 seconds, After Service Information is shown. This information is shown in English regardless of the selected language.

1.6.1 Contents of such information

(1) Sync. Frequency; H: kHz /V: Hz (2) Sync. Polarity; (3) Sync. Mode;

H/ V

[Positive] or [Negative]

[Separate Sync.] ,[Composite Sync.] or [Sync-on- green]

(1), (2) and (3) are shown only in case computer is used as the relative source.
(4) Detected Comp. Mode; (5) Total Operation Time; (6) Lamp Replacement; (7) Lamp ON; (8) Software version

(Refer to Table 1-4, 1-5 and 1-7) Hour Times Times (time is still added after replacing lamp.)


Ver Version of firmware (3 figures) (First higher figure is version and lower 2nd and 3rd figures are revision.) Attention ( X: All, E: Europe, J: Japan, U: U.S.A) Product ID (4 figures: CU10 ) Month of firmware production ( 1 figure :Jan. to Sep. : 1 to 9 Oct. to Dec. : X to Z) Year of firmware production ( 1 figure : the end of CY)




A-1. After Service Parts List for EMP/ELP- 7550 A-2. Exploded Diagram for EMP/ELP- 7550 ( Common with EMP/ELP-5550,5500,7500) A-3. Screw Name List