Conditional Sentences Type 1, Type 2, Type 3, and Mixed Conditional
Wednesday, September 21, 2011 Prast Ismanto 4 comments 57 Do you understand Do you know what they mean?
"If you had left earlier, you would have caught the train." or "You will make yourself ill if you eat all those chocolates."
They are called conditional sentences. A conditional sentence consists of two clauses; the if-clause, and the main clause. The if-clause can come first or second. When it comes first, we usually put a comma between the two clauses. There are 4 (four) types of conditional sentences, including mixed conditional.
1. Conditional Sentence Type 1
The if-clause is in the present tense, the main clause uses will and the infinitive, or simple present. Conditional Sentence Type 1 TYP E IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE MEANING
Simple present If you work hard,
Simple present you succeed. Simple future you will succeed.
True in the present or possible in future It’s possible to happen in the future
When do we use conditional sentence type 1?
a. We use conditional sentence type 1 to talk about possible situations in the present or future. o If you leave earlier, you will not be late.
If you open the windows, the room will get some fresh air.
b. We often use conditional type 1 to talk about facts or processes:
If you heat water to 100 degrees, it will boil. If we stare into the sun, we will hurt our eyes.
the main clause uses would have and past participle (Verb 3). would be + present participle I would be going out for a walk. (In fact.
. o o
2. (might = will possibly) If it rains like this all day.Other modal verbs can also be used in place of will and would.
Untrue in the present Fact: You don’t work hard. or would have been and present participle (Verb-ing). we would not have to breathe polluted air everyday. the river might flood. Conditional Sentence Type 2 TYP E IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE MEANING
Simple past If you worked hard. so I’m not going out for a walk. the main clause uses would and the infinitive. (could = will be able to)
Conditional Sentence Type 2
The if-clause is in the simple past or the past continuous tense. (In truth. so you don’t succeed Fact:It’s raining now. the river could flood. o o If we didn’t live in a big city. The use of type 2 conditional in “If I were you. or would be and the present participle (Verb-ing). we live in a big city) If he were here.
Conditional Sentence Type 3
The if-clause is in the past perfect or the past perfect continuous tense. I would ………” is a common form of advice.
When do we use conditional sentence type 2?
Conditional sentence type 2 is used to talk about actions or situations that are not taking place in the present or future.
would + simple form you would succeed. Past continuous If it were not raining now. but we can imagine the probable result. I would tell him about my plan.
If it rains like this all day. he isn’t here)
‘Were’ is used for both singular and plural subjects.
2. Mixed Conditional Sentence TYP E IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE MEANING
Mixe d Type
Simple past If I were a bird. you would have met my cousin. Past perfect If you had worked hard. so you didn’t succeed.
When do we use conditional sentence type 3?
Conditional sentence type 3 is used to talk about actions or situations that did not take or were not taking place in the past. I was not going out for a walk. Untrue in the past. but we can imagine the probable result. (In truth. Fact: You didn’t work hard. he was late)
Mixed Conditional Sentence
Mixed conditional sentence is a combination of conditional sentence type 2 and conditional sentence type 3. would + simple form you would succeed. Past perfect continuous If it had not been raining yesterday afternoon.
If you had come to the party last night.
would have + past participle I would have flown to your place last night. you don’t succeed. Fact: It was raining yesterday afternoon.
Untrue in the present or future.
would have + past participle you would have succeeded. so I didn’t fly to your place.Conditional Sentence Type 3 TYP E IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE MEANING
Past perfect If you had worked hard. (In truth. Fact: I am not a bird. you didn’t come to the party last night) If he had not been late this morning. his teacher would not have punished him. Now. would have been + present participle I would have been going out for a walk.
Untrue in the past Fact: You didn’t work hard.
When do we use mixed conditional sentence?
Use type 1. Therefore. 2.S. Practical English Usage. (In truth. 2. 1989. A Practical English Grammar (4th Ed) . you would have heard the sound of the explosion. Swan. would have been consulted
. but we can imagine the probable result in the present. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Complete the following conditional sentences.
Grammar Exercise: Conditional Sentences
Monday. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2012 Prast Ismanto No comments ?
A.id/2011/09/conditional-sentences-type-1type-2.Mixed conditional sentence is used to talk about actions or situations that did not take or were not taking place in the past.web. 3.misterguru. I (consult) with the advisor before making a decision. will consult b. If I were you. Understanding and Using English Grammar (2nd Ed) . o o If you lived near the factory.
Read more: http://www. he would be permitted to join the test. Reference: 1. Thomson & Martinet. you didn't hear the sound of the explosion. M. you don’t live near the factory. would have consulted d. read and download (free) Interactive Grammar Test: Conditional Sentence. To read how conditional sentence is used as a testing point in TOEFL Test.) If he had not been late this morning. (In truth. Therefore. a. Inc. or actions or situations that do not take place in the present. but we can imagine the probable result in the past.)
To do the exercise or test on conditional sentences. 1986. October 01. he is not permitted to join the test. NJ: Prentice-Hall. or mixed conditional. Azar B. please read Tips TOEFL: Strategi Mengerjakan Test TOEFL Dengan Mengenali Testing Point. he was late. would consult c. 1980. 3.
had listened c. came b. would find c. a. is not c. a. will listen b. I’m pretty sure that if he (know) the consequences. If we (come) earlier. You would not be in such a problem if you (listen) to your parents' advice. had found d.e. have listened d. consulted 2. come c. had known b. we would not have missed that great speaker. are listening e. a. find e. have come d. are coming e. If you know her better. a. you (find) that she is a nice and lovable person. he wouldn’t have done such a silly act. listen 4. know d. He (not be) happy at all if he knows what you have done to his cat. will not be
. knew c. found b. a. would not be b. would have known e. had come 3. will find 6. would know 5.
have expained 11. would scan d. had explained d. If you didn’t tell me. have scanned e. I (probably fall) in love with her. will never have realized
. would probably have fallen 8. She wouldn’t have been mad at you if you (explain) what had actually happened. were explaining e. scanned b. a. this problem (still exist). probably falls d. had not been 7. If you (scan) the flash disk before opening it. explained b. will probably fall b. would still exist d.d. were not e. still exists c. scan c. I (never realize) the truth. would probably fall e. a. had scanned 10. still existed e. Unless you do something about it. would never have realized b. would still have existed 9. the virus wouldn’t have infected your computer. a. is probably falling c. a. explain c. a. If I were the same age as her. will still exist b.
do not remind b. had not reminded c. If Columbus (not discover) America. If you (not remind) me. a. never realized e. would never realize 12. had not been 13. a. were not e. have not discovered e. If the factory (be) closed. will not be b. had been d. will never realize d. will not remind e. have not reminded 16. the world history would be totally different from the one we know today. a. were c. I would have forgotten that today we are having an English test. did not remind d. the economy in that small town would have been greatly affected.
. has been 15. was e.c. He would have left the party if she (not ask) him to stay. a. would not discover c. does not discover b. would not have discovered d. is b. had not discovered 14. would not be c. I wouldn’t care about you and what you do if you (be not) my friend. are not d.
would be 18. does not ask c. did not ask b. had not asked d. a. would be d. was not asking 17. were b. If we opened the windows. If I (know) about this. know c. would have known e. were d. were not asked e.a. had been c. a. have been e. would be 19. was c. you would have done better in the listening test. knew b. a. were b. is b. I’m sure the air in this room (be) fresh. are e. You won’t be able to think clearly if you (be) depressed. I’m sure that if you (be) more relaxed. will be e. had known
. I would never have decided to come to this crowded place. a. are d. have been 20. had been c. have known d.
.Read more: http://www.misterguru.web.