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PMD Calculator (using 50M at Hyderabad)

KWh /
Input W/m2 Output W/m2 C.F. Month
Month
January
116
43
11%
48,174
February
122
45
11%
47,955
March
149
52
13%
59,004
April
180
66
17%
71,989
May
680
178
45% 201,622
June
820
212
54% 232,262
July
851
186
47% 210,863
August
447
149
38% 167,961
September
433
156
39% 170,584
October
83
30
8%
34,144
November
90
33
8%
36,452
December
101
38
10%
43,350
Annual
350
99
25% 108,590
Wind Turbine specification:
Turbine
Bonus 600 / 44 MK IV
Power
600 KW
Cut in Wind
3 m/s
Cut out wind
25 m/s
Rotor Diameter
44 m
Hub height
50 m

Month
AvgV (m/s)
January
4.3
February
4.5
March
4.7
April
5.5
May
9.1
June
10.0
July
9.5
August
8.1
September
8.2
October
3.7
November
3.9
December
4.3
Annual
6.4

Monthly Wind Power Density at Hyderabad (50m)


St Dev
C (m/s)
K
Temp
Zo
2.7
4.9
1.7
18.2
1.628
2.7
5.1
1.8
21.7
1.612
3.0
5.3
1.6
26.1
1.618
2.9
6.2
2.0
30.9
0.960
3.8
10.3
2.5
32.4
0.455
3.5
11.3
3.1
32.1
0.331
4.5
10.7
2.3
30.1
0.466
3.0
9.1
2.9
29.4
0.320
2.4
9.3
3.8
28.7
0.334
2.5
4.1
1.5
29.5
2.984
2.5
4.4
1.6
23.8
2.587
2.5
4.8
1.8
19.5
2.214
3.9
7.2
1.7
26.9
1.292

P/A(w/m2)
117.0
124.7
154.8
190.3
721.7
868.4
896.6
469.8
453.8
86.8
92.3
102.6
364.2

Nordex
43/600
output
Betz's
excel
power of power
bonus 2 Law
weibull
density
power curve
Binning
P(Vi) each
0.00
0.00
0 0.0000 0.0000
0.0
0.00
0
0.00
0.04
1 0.1091 0.1091
0.6
0.07
0
0.00
0.43
2 0.1503 0.1503
4.8
0.73
0
0.61
1.54
3 0.1594 0.1594
16.3
2.61
2
3.09
3.38
4 0.1474 0.1474
38.8
5.71
17
6.03
5.55
5 0.1238 0.1238
75.7
9.37
45
7.93
7.47
6 0.0964 0.0964
130.8
12.60
72
9.08
8.65
7 0.0703 0.0703
207.7
14.60
124
9.67
8.90
8 0.0484 0.0484
310.0
15.01
196
8.79
8.28
9 0.0317 0.0317
441.4
13.98
277
7.04
7.08
10 0.0197 0.0197
605.5
11.94
364
5.03
5.60
11 0.0117 0.0117
805.9
9.46
444
3.30
4.15
12 0.0067 0.0067 1046.3
7.00
533
1.98
2.88
13 0.0037 0.0037 1330.3
4.86
584
1.10
1.89
14 0.0019 0.0019 1661.5
3.19
618
0.57
1.18
15 0.0010 0.0010 2043.6
1.99
619
0.29
0.70
16 0.0005 0.0005 2480.1
1.18
618
0.13
0.39
17 0.0002 0.0002 2974.8
0.66
619
0.06
0.21
18 0.0001 0.0001 3531.3
0.36
620
0.03
0.11
19 0.0000 0.0000 4153.1
0.18
610
0.01
0.05
20 0.0000 0.0000 4844.0
0.09
594
0.00
0.03
21 0.0000 0.0000 5607.5
0.04
592
0.00
0.01
22 0.0000 0.0000 6447.4
0.02
590
0.00
0.01
23 0.0000 0.0000 7367.1
0.01
580
0.00
0.00
24 0.0000 0.0000 8370.4
0.00
575
0.00
0.00
25 0.0000 0.0000 9460.9
0.00
570
0.00
0.00
26 0.0000 0.0000 10642.3
0.00
0.00
0.00
27 0.0000 0.0000 11918.1
0.00
0.00
0.00
28 0.0000 0.0000 13291.9
0.00
0.00
0.00
29 0.0000 0.0000 14767.5
0.00
0.00
0.00
30 0.0000 0.0000 16348.5
0.00
64.75
31 0.0000 0.0000 18038.5
0.00
43
32 0.0000 0.0000 19841.0
0.00
33 0.0000 0.0000 21759.9
0.00
34 0.0000 0.0000 23798.6
0.00
35 0.0000 0.0000 25960.8
0.00
36 0.0000 0.0000 28250.2
0.00
37 0.0000 0.0000 30670.4
0.00
38 0.0000 0.0000 33225.0
0.00
39 0.0000 0.0000 35917.7
0.00
Turbine KW
40 0.0000 0.0000 38752.0
0.00
Rotor Dia.
area %
98
98
116
116
scale C shape K Air Temp
input
4.87
1.68
18.22
116 power output W/m^2
Air Density
KWh/m^2/year

output
Nordex
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.32
2.51
5.57
6.94
8.72
9.49
8.77
7.18
5.21
3.56
2.14
1.19
0.60
0.29
0.14
0.06
0.03
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

600
43
Nordex
output
43
375

1.211

KWh/year
Capacity Factor

543623
10%

KWh/month
KWh/year
KWh/year

Bonus
Nordex
a)
b)

input
116
116

output
43
43

If we multiply the power of each wind speed with the probability of each wind speed from the Weibull graph, we have
The area under the curve (all the way to the axis at the bottom) gives us the amount of wind power per square metre

Bonus
600/44
power
curve
0
0
0
3.9
21.2
49.3
83.2
130.7
202
280.8
361.3
433.7
498.6
548.1
577.3
596
610
606.9
593.4
571.3
545.6
524.7
510
500.7
478.7
457.7

output Bonus
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.622
3.125
6.104
8.018
9.189
9.783
8.891
7.125
5.089
3.334
2.004
1.110
0.579
0.289
0.135
0.060
0.025
0.010
0.004
0.002
0.001
0.000
0.000

600
44
Bonus
output
43
373

Month
jan
feb
mar
apr
may
jun

Days
31
28
31
30
31
30

567600
11%
Days
31
365.25
365
C.F.
11%
10%

48,174
567,600
567,211

jul
aug
sep
oct
nov
dec
Annual

31
31
30
31
30
31
365

KWh/month
48,174
46,139

ed from the Weibull graph, we have calculated the distribution of wind energy at different wind speeds = the power density
unt of wind power per square metre wind flow we may expect at this particular site

the power density

Nordex
43/600
output
Betz's
excel
power of power
bonus 2 Law
weibull
density
power curve
Binning
P(Vi) each
0.00
0.00
0 0.0000 0.0000
0.0
0.00
0
0.00
0.03
1 0.0929 0.0929
0.6
0.06
0
0.00
0.39
2 0.1391 0.1391
4.8
0.67
0
0.59
1.49
3 0.1561 0.1561
16.2
2.52
2
3.12
3.42
4 0.1506 0.1506
38.3
5.77
17
6.29
5.79
5 0.1306 0.1306
74.8
9.77
45
8.46
7.97
6 0.1041 0.1041
129.3
13.46
72
9.85
9.38
7 0.0771 0.0771
205.3
15.83
124
10.56
9.72
8 0.0535 0.0535
306.4
16.40
196
9.59
9.04
9 0.0350 0.0350
436.3
15.25
277
7.62
7.66
10 0.0216 0.0216
598.5
12.93
364
5.36
5.97
11 0.0126 0.0126
796.6
10.07
444
3.43
4.31
12 0.0070 0.0070 1034.2
7.28
533
2.00
2.91
13 0.0037 0.0037 1314.9
4.90
584
1.06
1.83
14 0.0019 0.0019 1642.3
3.09
618
0.53
1.09
15 0.0009 0.0009 2019.9
1.84
619
0.25
0.61
16 0.0004 0.0004 2451.5
1.03
618
0.11
0.32
17 0.0002 0.0002 2940.4
0.54
619
0.05
0.16
18 0.0001 0.0001 3490.5
0.27
620
0.02
0.08
19 0.0000 0.0000 4105.1
0.13
610
0.01
0.03
20 0.0000 0.0000 4788.0
0.06
594
0.00
0.02
21 0.0000 0.0000 5542.7
0.03
592
0.00
0.01
22 0.0000 0.0000 6372.8
0.01
590
0.00
0.00
23 0.0000 0.0000 7281.9
0.00
580
0.00
0.00
24 0.0000 0.0000 8273.7
0.00
575
0.00
0.00
25 0.0000 0.0000 9351.6
0.00
570
0.00
0.00
26 0.0000 0.0000 10519.2
0.00
0.00
0.00
27 0.0000 0.0000 11780.3
0.00
0.00
0.00
28 0.0000 0.0000 13138.3
0.00
0.00
0.00
29 0.0000 0.0000 14596.8
0.00
0.00
0.00
30 0.0000 0.0000 16159.5
0.00
68.90
31 0.0000 0.0000 17829.9
0.00
45
32 0.0000 0.0000 19611.6
0.00
33 0.0000 0.0000 21508.3
0.00
34 0.0000 0.0000 23523.4
0.00
35 0.0000 0.0000 25660.7
0.00
36 0.0000 0.0000 27923.6
0.00
37 0.0000 0.0000 30315.8
0.00
38 0.0000 0.0000 32840.9
0.00
39 0.0000 0.0000 35502.4
0.00
Turbine KW
40 0.0000 0.0000 38304.0
0.00
Rotor Dia.
area %
99
99
122
122
scale C shape K Air Temp
input
5.10
1.78
21.67
122 power output W/m^2
Air Density
KWh/m^2/year

output
Nordex
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.31
2.56
5.88
7.49
9.56
10.49
9.68
7.86
5.62
3.75
2.18
1.16
0.56
0.26
0.11
0.05
0.02
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

600
43
Nordex
output
45
399

1.197

KWh/year
Capacity Factor

578682
11%

KWh/month
KWh/year
KWh/year

Bonus
Nordex
a)
b)

input
122
122

output
45
45

If we multiply the power of each wind speed with the probability of each wind speed from the Weibull graph, we have
The area under the curve (all the way to the axis at the bottom) gives us the amount of wind power per square metre

Bonus
600/44
power
curve
0
0
0
3.9
21.2
49.3
83.2
130.7
202
280.8
361.3
433.7
498.6
548.1
577.3
596
610
606.9
593.4
571.3
545.6
524.7
510
500.7
478.7
457.7

output Bonus
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.609
3.192
6.439
8.660
10.077
10.808
9.817
7.803
5.485
3.509
2.043
1.087
0.541
0.256
0.112
0.046
0.018
0.007
0.002
0.001
0.000
0.000
0.000

600
44
Bonus
output
45
397

Month
jan
feb
mar
apr
may
jun

Days
31
28
31
30
31
30

603991
11%
Days
29
365.25
365
C.F.
11%
11%

47,955
603,991
603,578

jul
aug
sep
oct
nov
dec
Annual

31
31
30
31
30
31
365

KWh/month
47,955
45,946

ed from the Weibull graph, we have calculated the distribution of wind energy at different wind speeds = the power density
unt of wind power per square metre wind flow we may expect at this particular site

the power density

Nordex
43/600
output
Betz's
excel
power of power
bonus 2 Law
weibull
density
power curve
Binning
P(Vi) each
0.00
0.00
0 0.0000 0.0000
0.0
0.00
0
0.00
0.03
1 0.0998 0.0998
0.6
0.06
0
0.00
0.38
2 0.1359 0.1359
4.7
0.64
0
0.55
1.37
3 0.1456 0.1456
15.9
2.32
2
2.82
3.09
4 0.1381 0.1381
37.7
5.21
17
5.72
5.26
5 0.1205 0.1205
73.7
8.88
45
7.88
7.43
6 0.0985 0.0985
127.3
12.54
72
9.59
9.13
7 0.0762 0.0762
202.2
15.41
124
10.94
10.06
8 0.0563 0.0563
301.8
16.98
196
10.75
10.13
9 0.0398 0.0398
429.7
17.10
277
9.41
9.45
10 0.0271 0.0271
589.5
15.95
364
7.40
8.24
11 0.0177 0.0177
784.6
13.91
444
5.39
6.78
12 0.0112 0.0112 1018.7
11.44
533
3.63
5.28
13 0.0069 0.0069 1295.1
8.91
584
2.27
3.92
14 0.0041 0.0041 1617.6
6.61
618
1.35
2.78
15 0.0024 0.0024 1989.6
4.68
619
0.77
1.89
16 0.0013 0.0013 2414.6
3.18
618
0.42
1.23
17 0.0007 0.0007 2896.2
2.08
619
0.22
0.77
18 0.0004 0.0004 3438.0
1.31
620
0.11
0.47
19 0.0002 0.0002 4043.4
0.79
610
0.05
0.28
20 0.0001 0.0001 4716.0
0.46
594
0.02
0.16
21 0.0000 0.0000 5459.4
0.26
592
0.01
0.09
22 0.0000 0.0000 6277.0
0.15
590
0.01
0.05
23 0.0000 0.0000 7172.4
0.08
580
0.00
0.02
24 0.0000 0.0000 8149.2
0.04
575
0.00
0.01
25 0.0000 0.0000 9210.9
0.02
570
0.00
0.01
26 0.0000 0.0000 10361.1
0.01
0.00
0.00
27 0.0000 0.0000 11603.1
0.00
0.00
0.00
28 0.0000 0.0000 12940.7
0.00
0.00
0.00
29 0.0000 0.0000 14377.3
0.00
0.00
0.00
30 0.0000 0.0000 15916.5
0.00
79.31
31 0.0000 0.0000 17561.8
0.00
52
32 0.0000 0.0000 19316.7
0.00
33 0.0000 0.0000 21184.9
0.00
34 0.0000 0.0000 23169.7
0.00
35 0.0000 0.0000 25274.8
0.00
36 0.0000 0.0000 27503.7
0.00
37 0.0000 0.0000 29859.9
0.00
38 0.0000 0.0000 32347.0
0.00
39 0.0000 0.0000 34968.6
0.00
Turbine KW
40 0.0000 0.0000 37728.0
0.00
Rotor Dia.
area %
98
98
149
149
scale C shape K Air Temp
input
5.29
1.64
26.09
149 power output W/m^2
Air Density
KWh/m^2/year

output
Nordex
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.29
2.35
5.42
7.09
9.45
11.03
11.02
9.85
7.87
5.98
4.02
2.53
1.46
0.81
0.44
0.24
0.12
0.06
0.03
0.01
0.01
0.00
0.00

600
43
Nordex
output
53
465

1.179

KWh/year
Capacity Factor

675632
13%

KWh/month
KWh/year
KWh/year

Bonus
Nordex
a)
b)

input
149
149

output
52
53

If we multiply the power of each wind speed with the probability of each wind speed from the Weibull graph, we have
The area under the curve (all the way to the axis at the bottom) gives us the amount of wind power per square metre

Bonus
600/44
power
curve
0
0
0
3.9
21.2
49.3
83.2
130.7
202
280.8
361.3
433.7
498.6
548.1
577.3
596
610
606.9
593.4
571.3
545.6
524.7
510
500.7
478.7
457.7

output Bonus
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.568
2.928
5.939
8.192
9.962
11.366
11.173
9.775
7.691
5.598
3.771
2.359
1.403
0.804
0.435
0.225
0.112
0.054
0.025
0.012
0.005
0.002
0.001

600
44
Bonus
output
52
457

Month
jan
feb
mar
apr
may
jun

Days
31
28
31
30
31
30

695199
13%
Days
31
365.25
365
C.F.
13%
13%

59,004
695,199
694,723

jul
aug
sep
oct
nov
dec
Annual

31
31
30
31
30
31
365

KWh/month
59,004
57,343

ed from the Weibull graph, we have calculated the distribution of wind energy at different wind speeds = the power density
unt of wind power per square metre wind flow we may expect at this particular site

the power density

Nordex
43/600
output
Betz's
excel
power of power
bonus 2 Law
weibull
density
power curve
Binning
P(Vi) each
0.00
0.00
0 0.0000 0.0000
0.0
0.00
0
0.00
0.02
1 0.0506 0.0506
0.6
0.03
0
0.00
0.26
2 0.0942 0.0942
4.6
0.44
0
0.46
1.16
3 0.1244 0.1244
15.7
1.95
2
2.78
3.05
4 0.1383 0.1383
37.2
5.14
17
6.39
5.88
5 0.1367 0.1367
72.6
9.92
45
9.70
9.14
6 0.1230 0.1230
125.4
15.42
72
12.63
12.03
7 0.1019 0.1019
199.1
20.30
124
15.02
13.82
8 0.0785 0.0785
297.2
23.32
196
15.00
14.13
9 0.0564 0.0564
423.2
23.85
277
12.97
13.03
10 0.0379 0.0379
580.5
21.99
364
9.83
10.94
11 0.0239 0.0239
772.6
18.47
444
6.70
8.43
12 0.0142 0.0142 1003.1
14.22
533
4.11
5.98
13 0.0079 0.0079 1275.4
10.09
584
2.28
3.93
14 0.0042 0.0042 1592.9
6.63
618
1.17
2.40
15 0.0021 0.0021 1959.2
4.04
619
0.56
1.36
16 0.0010 0.0010 2377.7
2.29
618
0.25
0.72
17 0.0004 0.0004 2852.0
1.22
619
0.10
0.36
18 0.0002 0.0002 3385.5
0.60
620
0.04
0.17
19 0.0001 0.0001 3981.6
0.28
610
0.01
0.07
20 0.0000 0.0000 4644.0
0.12
594
0.00
0.03
21 0.0000 0.0000 5376.0
0.05
592
0.00
0.01
22 0.0000 0.0000 6181.2
0.02
590
0.00
0.00
23 0.0000 0.0000 7062.9
0.01
580
0.00
0.00
24 0.0000 0.0000 8024.8
0.00
575
0.00
0.00
25 0.0000 0.0000 9070.3
0.00
570
0.00
0.00
26 0.0000 0.0000 10202.9
0.00
0.00
0.00
27 0.0000 0.0000 11426.0
0.00
0.00
0.00
28 0.0000 0.0000 12743.1
0.00
0.00
0.00
29 0.0000 0.0000 14157.8
0.00
0.00
0.00
30 0.0000 0.0000 15673.5
0.00
99.98
31 0.0000 0.0000 17293.7
0.00
66
32 0.0000 0.0000 19021.8
0.00
33 0.0000 0.0000 20861.4
0.00
34 0.0000 0.0000 22816.0
0.00
35 0.0000 0.0000 24888.9
0.00
36 0.0000 0.0000 27083.8
0.00
37 0.0000 0.0000 29404.1
0.00
38 0.0000 0.0000 31853.2
0.00
39 0.0000 0.0000 34434.7
0.00
Turbine KW
40 0.0000 0.0000 37152.0
0.00
Rotor Dia.
area %
100
100
180
180
scale C shape K Air Temp
input
6.17
2.01
30.88
180 power output W/m^2
Air Density
KWh/m^2/year

output
Nordex
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.25
2.35
6.15
8.86
12.64
15.38
15.61
13.79
10.61
7.56
4.62
2.57
1.28
0.60
0.26
0.11
0.04
0.02
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

600
43
Nordex
output
67
588

1.161

KWh/year
Capacity Factor

853276
16%

KWh/month
KWh/year
KWh/year

Bonus
Nordex
a)
b)

input
180
180

output
66
67

If we multiply the power of each wind speed with the probability of each wind speed from the Weibull graph, we have
The area under the curve (all the way to the axis at the bottom) gives us the amount of wind power per square metre

Bonus
600/44
power
curve
0
0
0
3.9
21.2
49.3
83.2
130.7
202
280.8
361.3
433.7
498.6
548.1
577.3
596
610
606.9
593.4
571.3
545.6
524.7
510
500.7
478.7
457.7

output Bonus
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.485
2.933
6.741
10.233
13.324
15.850
15.824
13.689
10.367
7.068
4.337
2.402
1.230
0.589
0.259
0.105
0.040
0.014
0.005
0.002
0.000
0.000
0.000

600
44
Bonus
output
66
577

Month
jan
feb
mar
apr
may
jun

Days
31
28
31
30
31
30

876465
17%
Days
30
365.25
365
C.F.
17%
16%

71,989
876,465
875,865

jul
aug
sep
oct
nov
dec
Annual

31
31
30
31
30
31
365

KWh/month
71,989
70,084

ed from the Weibull graph, we have calculated the distribution of wind energy at different wind speeds = the power density
unt of wind power per square metre wind flow we may expect at this particular site

the power density

Nordex
43/600
output
Betz's
excel
power of power
bonus 2 Law
weibull
density
power curve
Binning
P(Vi) each
0.00
0.00
0 0.0000 0.0000
0.0
0.00
0
0.00
0.00
1 0.0069 0.0069
0.6
0.00
0
0.00
0.05
2 0.0197 0.0197
4.6
0.09
0
0.13
0.33
3 0.0357 0.0357
15.6
0.56
2
1.06
1.16
4 0.0530 0.0530
37.0
1.96
17
3.24
2.98
5 0.0697 0.0697
72.2
5.03
45
6.58
6.20
6 0.0839 0.0839
124.7
10.46
72
11.59
11.04
7 0.0941 0.0941
198.1
18.63
124
18.89
17.37
8 0.0992 0.0992
295.7
29.32
196
26.15
24.64
9 0.0988 0.0988
421.0
41.58
277
31.76
31.90
10 0.0932 0.0932
577.5
53.84
364
34.16
38.05
11 0.0835 0.0835
768.7
64.20
444
33.42
42.04
12 0.0711 0.0711
997.9
70.95
533
29.72
43.23
13 0.0575 0.0575 1268.8
72.96
584
24.05
41.49
14 0.0442 0.0442 1584.7
70.01
618
18.11
37.23
15 0.0322 0.0322 1949.1
62.82
619
12.83
31.28
16 0.0223 0.0223 2365.4
52.78
618
8.38
24.63
17 0.0146 0.0146 2837.3
41.56
619
5.10
18.18
18 0.0091 0.0091 3368.0
30.68
620
2.89
12.58
19 0.0054 0.0054 3961.1
21.23
610
1.53
8.17
20 0.0030 0.0030 4620.0
13.78
594
0.78
4.97
21 0.0016 0.0016 5348.2
8.39
592
0.37
2.83
22 0.0008 0.0008 6149.2
4.78
590
0.17
1.51
23 0.0004 0.0004 7026.4
2.55
580
0.07
0.76
24 0.0002 0.0002 7983.4
1.28
575
0.03
0.35
25 0.0001 0.0001 9023.4
0.60
570
0.00
0.15
26 0.0000 0.0000 10150.1
0.26
0.00
0.06
27 0.0000 0.0000 11366.9
0.11
0.00
0.02
28 0.0000 0.0000 12677.3
0.04
0.00
0.01
29 0.0000 0.0000 14084.6
0.01
0.00
0.00
30 0.0000 0.0000 15592.5
0.00
271.00
31 0.0000 0.0000 17204.3
0.00
178
32 0.0000 0.0000 18923.5
0.00
33 0.0000 0.0000 20753.6
0.00
34 0.0000 0.0000 22698.1
0.00
35 0.0000 0.0000 24760.3
0.00
36 0.0000 0.0000 26943.8
0.00
37 0.0000 0.0000 29252.1
0.00
38 0.0000 0.0000 31688.6
0.00
39 0.0000 0.0000 34256.7
0.00
Turbine KW
40 0.0000 0.0000 36960.0
0.00
Rotor Dia.
area %
100
100
680
680
scale C shape K Air Temp
input
10.26
2.54
32.40
680 power output W/m^2
Air Density
KWh/m^2/year

output
Nordex
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.07
0.90
3.13
6.04
11.66
19.44
27.36
33.93
37.09
37.89
33.58
27.30
19.95
13.79
9.07
5.65
3.27
1.77
0.93
0.46
0.21
0.09
0.04

600
43
Nordex
output
191
1672

1.155

KWh/year
Capacity Factor

2426819
46%

KWh/month
KWh/year
KWh/year

Bonus
Nordex
a)
b)

input
680
680

output
178
191

If we multiply the power of each wind speed with the probability of each wind speed from the Weibull graph, we have
The area under the curve (all the way to the axis at the bottom) gives us the amount of wind power per square metre

Bonus
600/44
power
curve
0
0
0
3.9
21.2
49.3
83.2
130.7
202
280.8
361.3
433.7
498.6
548.1
577.3
596
610
606.9
593.4
571.3
545.6
524.7
510
500.7
478.7
457.7

output Bonus
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.139
1.123
3.434
6.979
12.295
20.030
27.732
33.681
36.226
35.449
31.516
25.504
19.209
13.611
8.889
5.405
3.063
1.628
0.823
0.397
0.182
0.077
0.030

600
44
Bonus
output
178
1563

Month
jan
feb
mar
apr
may
jun

Days
31
28
31
30
31
30

2375568
45%
Days
31
365.25
365
C.F.
45%
46%

201,622
2,375,568
2,373,942

jul
aug
sep
oct
nov
dec
Annual

31
31
30
31
30
31
365

KWh/month
201,622
205,972

ed from the Weibull graph, we have calculated the distribution of wind energy at different wind speeds = the power density
unt of wind power per square metre wind flow we may expect at this particular site

the power density

Nordex
43/600
output
Betz's
excel
power of power
bonus 2 Law
weibull
density
power curve
Binning
P(Vi) each
0.00
0.00
0 0.0000 0.0000
0.0
0.00
0
0.00
0.00
1 0.0018 0.0018
0.6
0.00
0
0.00
0.02
2 0.0075 0.0075
4.6
0.03
0
0.06
0.16
3 0.0172 0.0172
15.6
0.27
2
0.61
0.67
4 0.0305 0.0305
37.0
1.13
17
2.16
1.99
5 0.0465 0.0465
72.3
3.36
45
5.01
4.72
6 0.0638 0.0638
124.8
7.97
72
9.94
9.47
7 0.0806 0.0806
198.3
15.97
124
18.02
16.58
8 0.0945 0.0945
295.9
27.97
196
27.47
25.88
9 0.1037 0.1037
421.4
43.68
277
36.32
36.48
10 0.1065 0.1065
578.0
61.56
364
41.97
46.75
11 0.1026 0.1026
769.3
78.90
444
43.49
54.70
12 0.0924 0.0924
998.8
92.31
533
40.24
58.55
13 0.0778 0.0778 1269.9
98.80
584
33.24
57.35
14 0.0610 0.0610 1586.0
96.78
618
24.99
51.37
15 0.0444 0.0444 1950.8
86.69
619
17.24
42.02
16 0.0300 0.0300 2367.5
70.91
618
10.66
31.32
17 0.0186 0.0186 2839.7
52.85
619
5.95
21.21
18 0.0106 0.0106 3370.9
35.79
620
2.99
13.02
19 0.0055 0.0055 3964.5
21.96
610
1.36
7.21
20 0.0026 0.0026 4624.0
12.17
594
0.56
3.59
21 0.0011 0.0011 5352.9
6.07
592
0.21
1.61
22 0.0004 0.0004 6154.5
2.71
590
0.07
0.64
23 0.0002 0.0002 7032.5
1.08
580
0.02
0.23
24 0.0000 0.0000 7990.3
0.38
575
0.01
0.07
25 0.0000 0.0000 9031.3
0.12
570
0.00
0.02
26 0.0000 0.0000 10158.9
0.03
0.00
0.00
27 0.0000 0.0000 11376.8
0.01
0.00
0.00
28 0.0000 0.0000 12688.3
0.00
0.00
0.00
29 0.0000 0.0000 14096.8
0.00
0.00
0.00
30 0.0000 0.0000 15606.0
0.00
322.59
31 0.0000 0.0000 17219.2
0.00
212
32 0.0000 0.0000 18939.9
0.00
33 0.0000 0.0000 20771.6
0.00
34 0.0000 0.0000 22717.7
0.00
35 0.0000 0.0000 24781.8
0.00
36 0.0000 0.0000 26967.2
0.00
37 0.0000 0.0000 29277.4
0.00
38 0.0000 0.0000 31716.0
0.00
39 0.0000 0.0000 34286.4
0.00
Turbine KW
40 0.0000 0.0000 36992.0
0.00
Rotor Dia.
area %
100
100
820
820
scale C shape K Air Temp
input
11.27
3.07
32.07
820 power output W/m^2
Air Density
KWh/m^2/year

output
Nordex
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.03
0.52
2.09
4.60
9.99
18.53
28.71
38.77
45.53
49.26
45.44
37.71
27.51
18.51
11.52
6.58
3.38
1.56
0.67
0.26
0.09
0.03
0.01

600
43
Nordex
output
228
2002

1.156

KWh/year
Capacity Factor

2906082
55%

KWh/month
KWh/year
KWh/year

Bonus
Nordex
a)
b)

input
820
820

output
212
228

If we multiply the power of each wind speed with the probability of each wind speed from the Weibull graph, we have
The area under the curve (all the way to the axis at the bottom) gives us the amount of wind power per square metre

Bonus
600/44
power
curve
0
0
0
3.9
21.2
49.3
83.2
130.7
202
280.8
361.3
433.7
498.6
548.1
577.3
596
610
606.9
593.4
571.3
545.6
524.7
510
500.7
478.7
457.7

output Bonus
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.067
0.647
2.293
5.312
10.530
19.093
29.108
38.483
44.478
46.082
42.644
35.225
26.486
18.270
11.295
6.301
3.165
1.436
0.595
0.225
0.077
0.023
0.006

600
44
Bonus
output
212
1861

Month
jan
feb
mar
apr
may
jun

Days
31
28
31
30
31
30

2827793
54%
Days
30
365.25
365
C.F.
54%
55%

232,262
2,827,793
2,825,858

jul
aug
sep
oct
nov
dec
Annual

31
31
30
31
30
31
365

KWh/month
232,262
238,693

ed from the Weibull graph, we have calculated the distribution of wind energy at different wind speeds = the power density
unt of wind power per square metre wind flow we may expect at this particular site

the power density

Nordex
43/600
output
Betz's
excel
power of power
bonus 2 Law
weibull
density
power curve
Binning
P(Vi) each
0.00
0.00
0 0.0000 0.0000
0.0
0.00
0
0.00
0.00
1 0.0107 0.0107
0.6
0.01
0
0.00
0.07
2 0.0251 0.0251
4.7
0.12
0
0.15
0.38
3 0.0403 0.0403
15.7
0.63
2
1.10
1.21
4 0.0549 0.0549
37.2
2.04
17
3.16
2.91
5 0.0676 0.0676
72.7
4.91
45
6.13
5.77
6 0.0775 0.0775
125.6
9.74
72
10.43
9.94
7 0.0841 0.0841
199.5
16.77
124
16.66
15.32
8 0.0869 0.0869
297.7
25.86
196
22.93
21.61
9 0.0860 0.0860
423.9
36.46
277
28.10
28.22
10 0.0819 0.0819
581.5
47.63
364
30.96
34.49
11 0.0752 0.0752
774.0
58.20
444
31.55
39.68
12 0.0666 0.0666 1004.8
66.96
533
29.71
43.22
13 0.0571 0.0571 1277.6
72.94
584
25.93
44.74
14 0.0473 0.0473 1595.6
75.49
618
21.47
44.13
15 0.0379 0.0379 1962.6
74.47
619
17.06
41.59
16 0.0295 0.0295 2381.8
70.18
618
12.77
37.52
17 0.0222 0.0222 2856.9
63.31
619
9.09
32.44
18 0.0161 0.0161 3391.3
54.74
620
6.18
26.92
19 0.0114 0.0114 3988.5
45.42
610
4.03
21.46
20 0.0078 0.0078 4652.0
36.21
594
2.57
16.44
21 0.0052 0.0052 5385.3
27.75
592
1.60
12.12
22 0.0033 0.0033 6191.8
20.45
590
0.98
8.60
23 0.0021 0.0021 7075.1
14.51
580
0.56
5.88
24 0.0012 0.0012 8038.7
9.92
575
0.31
3.87
25 0.0007 0.0007 9085.9
6.52
570
0.00
2.45
26 0.0004 0.0004 10220.4
4.14
0.00
1.50
27 0.0002 0.0002 11445.7
2.53
0.00
0.88
28 0.0001 0.0001 12765.1
1.49
0.00
0.50
29 0.0001 0.0001 14182.2
0.84
0.00
0.27
30 0.0000 0.0000 15700.5
0.46
283.42
31 0.0000 0.0000 17323.5
0.24
186
32 0.0000 0.0000 19054.6
0.12
33 0.0000 0.0000 20897.4
0.06
34 0.0000 0.0000 22855.3
0.03
35 0.0000 0.0000 24931.8
0.01
36 0.0000 0.0000 27130.5
0.01
37 0.0000 0.0000 29454.7
0.00
38 0.0000 0.0000 31908.1
0.00
39 0.0000 0.0000 34494.0
0.00
Turbine KW
40 0.0000 0.0000 37216.0
0.00
Rotor Dia.
area %
100
100
851
851
scale C shape K Air Temp
input
10.72
2.25
30.10
851 power output W/m^2
Air Density
KWh/m^2/year

output
Nordex
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.08
0.93
3.04
5.58
10.42
17.02
23.82
29.81
33.38
35.52
33.34
29.24
23.49
18.21
13.72
10.01
6.95
4.62
3.05
1.95
1.19
0.71
0.41

600
43
Nordex
output
200
1757

1.163

KWh/year
Capacity Factor

2550867
48%

KWh/month
KWh/year
KWh/year

Bonus
Nordex
a)
b)

input
851
851

output
186
200

If we multiply the power of each wind speed with the probability of each wind speed from the Weibull graph, we have
The area under the curve (all the way to the axis at the bottom) gives us the amount of wind power per square metre

Bonus
600/44
power
curve
0
0
0
3.9
21.2
49.3
83.2
130.7
202
280.8
361.3
433.7
498.6
548.1
577.3
596
610
606.9
593.4
571.3
545.6
524.7
510
500.7
478.7
457.7

output Bonus
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.157
1.164
3.333
6.452
10.986
17.545
24.151
29.593
32.610
33.227
31.291
27.312
22.615
17.974
13.449
9.578
6.506
4.246
2.703
1.685
1.027
0.590
0.329

600
44
Bonus
output
186
1635

Month
jan
feb
mar
apr
may
jun

Days
31
28
31
30
31
30

2484437
47%
Days
31
365.25
365
C.F.
47%
48%

210,863
2,484,437
2,482,736

jul
aug
sep
oct
nov
dec
Annual

31
31
30
31
30
31
365

KWh/month
210,863
216,501

ed from the Weibull graph, we have calculated the distribution of wind energy at different wind speeds = the power density
unt of wind power per square metre wind flow we may expect at this particular site

the power density

Nordex
43/600
output
Betz's
excel
power of power
bonus 2 Law
weibull
density
power curve
Binning
P(Vi) each
0.00
0.00
0 0.0000 0.0000
0.0
0.00
0
0.00
0.00
1 0.0044 0.0044
0.6
0.00
0
0.00
0.05
2 0.0168 0.0168
4.7
0.08
0
0.13
0.33
3 0.0358 0.0358
15.7
0.56
2
1.20
1.32
4 0.0595 0.0595
37.3
2.22
17
3.97
3.65
5 0.0845 0.0845
72.9
6.16
45
8.45
7.96
6 0.1067 0.1067
125.9
13.43
72
15.14
14.42
7 0.1217 0.1217
200.0
24.34
124
24.32
22.38
8 0.1265 0.1265
298.5
37.76
196
32.08
30.23
9 0.1200 0.1200
425.0
51.02
277
35.74
35.91
10 0.1039 0.1039
583.0
60.60
364
33.82
37.67
11 0.0819 0.0819
776.0
63.57
444
27.79
34.96
12 0.0586 0.0586 1007.4
58.99
533
19.72
28.69
13 0.0378 0.0378 1280.9
48.42
584
12.05
20.79
14 0.0219 0.0219 1599.8
35.08
618
6.45
13.26
15 0.0114 0.0114 1967.6
22.37
619
3.04
7.42
16 0.0052 0.0052 2388.0
12.52
618
1.23
3.62
17 0.0021 0.0021 2864.3
6.12
619
0.43
1.54
18 0.0008 0.0008 3400.1
2.60
620
0.13
0.57
19 0.0002 0.0002 3998.8
0.96
610
0.03
0.18
20 0.0001 0.0001 4664.0
0.30
594
0.01
0.05
21 0.0000 0.0000 5399.2
0.08
592
0.00
0.01
22 0.0000 0.0000 6207.8
0.02
590
0.00
0.00
23 0.0000 0.0000 7093.4
0.00
580
0.00
0.00
24 0.0000 0.0000 8059.4
0.00
575
0.00
0.00
25 0.0000 0.0000 9109.4
0.00
570
0.00
0.00
26 0.0000 0.0000 10246.8
0.00
0.00
0.00
27 0.0000 0.0000 11475.2
0.00
0.00
0.00
28 0.0000 0.0000 12798.0
0.00
0.00
0.00
29 0.0000 0.0000 14218.8
0.00
0.00
0.00
30 0.0000 0.0000 15741.0
0.00
225.75
31 0.0000 0.0000 17368.2
0.00
149
32 0.0000 0.0000 19103.7
0.00
33 0.0000 0.0000 20951.3
0.00
34 0.0000 0.0000 22914.2
0.00
35 0.0000 0.0000 24996.1
0.00
36 0.0000 0.0000 27200.4
0.00
37 0.0000 0.0000 29530.7
0.00
38 0.0000 0.0000 31990.4
0.00
39 0.0000 0.0000 34583.0
0.00
Turbine KW
40 0.0000 0.0000 37312.0
0.00
Rotor Dia.
area %
100
100
447
447
scale C shape K Air Temp
input
9.13
2.94
29.44
447 power output W/m^2
Air Density
KWh/m^2/year

output
Nordex
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.07
1.01
3.80
7.68
15.09
24.79
33.25
37.83
36.37
31.21
22.08
13.55
7.04
3.24
1.32
0.47
0.15
0.04
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

600
43
Nordex
output
157
1374

1.166

KWh/year
Capacity Factor

1994350
38%

KWh/month
KWh/year
KWh/year

Bonus
Nordex
a)
b)

input
447
447

output
149
157

If we multiply the power of each wind speed with the probability of each wind speed from the Weibull graph, we have
The area under the curve (all the way to the axis at the bottom) gives us the amount of wind power per square metre

Bonus
600/44
power
curve
0
0
0
3.9
21.2
49.3
83.2
130.7
202
280.8
361.3
433.7
498.6
548.1
577.3
596
610
606.9
593.4
571.3
545.6
524.7
510
500.7
478.7
457.7

output Bonus
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.140
1.262
4.167
8.875
15.908
25.553
33.707
37.553
35.528
29.198
20.720
12.660
6.777
3.197
1.296
0.454
0.137
0.035
0.008
0.002
0.000
0.000
0.000

600
44
Bonus
output
149
1302

Month
jan
feb
mar
apr
may
jun

Days
31
28
31
30
31
30

1978957
38%
Days
31
365.25
365
C.F.
38%
38%

167,961
1,978,957
1,977,602

jul
aug
sep
oct
nov
dec
Annual

31
31
30
31
30
31
365

KWh/month
167,961
169,267

ed from the Weibull graph, we have calculated the distribution of wind energy at different wind speeds = the power density
unt of wind power per square metre wind flow we may expect at this particular site

the power density

Nordex
43/600
output
Betz's
excel
power of power
bonus 2 Law
weibull
density
power curve
Binning
P(Vi) each
0.00
0.00
0 0.0000 0.0000
0.0
0.00
0
0.00
0.00
1 0.0008 0.0008
0.6
0.00
0
0.00
0.02
2 0.0056 0.0056
4.7
0.03
0
0.06
0.16
3 0.0171 0.0171
15.8
0.27
2
0.76
0.83
4 0.0373 0.0373
37.4
1.40
17
3.11
2.86
5 0.0660 0.0660
73.1
4.82
45
7.94
7.48
6 0.1000 0.1000
126.3
12.62
72
16.49
15.70
7 0.1322 0.1322
200.5
26.50
124
29.52
27.16
8 0.1531 0.1531
299.3
45.82
196
41.36
38.97
9 0.1544 0.1544
426.1
65.77
277
46.07
46.29
10 0.1336 0.1336
584.5
78.11
364
40.40
45.00
11 0.0976 0.0976
778.0
75.94
444
28.01
35.24
12 0.0589 0.0589 1010.0
59.47
533
14.96
21.77
13 0.0286 0.0286 1284.1
36.73
584
6.00
10.35
14 0.0109 0.0109 1603.9
17.46
618
1.79
3.68
15 0.0032 0.0032 1972.7
6.22
619
0.39
0.95
16 0.0007 0.0007 2394.1
1.61
618
0.06
0.17
17 0.0001 0.0001 2871.6
0.29
619
0.01
0.02
18 0.0000 0.0000 3408.8
0.04
620
0.00
0.00
19 0.0000 0.0000 4009.1
0.00
610
0.00
0.00
20 0.0000 0.0000 4676.0
0.00
594
0.00
0.00
21 0.0000 0.0000 5413.1
0.00
592
0.00
0.00
22 0.0000 0.0000 6223.8
0.00
590
0.00
0.00
23 0.0000 0.0000 7111.6
0.00
580
0.00
0.00
24 0.0000 0.0000 8080.1
0.00
575
0.00
0.00
25 0.0000 0.0000 9132.8
0.00
570
0.00
0.00
26 0.0000 0.0000 10273.2
0.00
0.00
0.00
27 0.0000 0.0000 11504.7
0.00
0.00
0.00
28 0.0000 0.0000 12830.9
0.00
0.00
0.00
29 0.0000 0.0000 14255.4
0.00
0.00
0.00
30 0.0000 0.0000 15781.5
0.00
236.92
31 0.0000 0.0000 17412.8
0.00
156
32 0.0000 0.0000 19152.9
0.00
33 0.0000 0.0000 21005.2
0.00
34 0.0000 0.0000 22973.2
0.00
35 0.0000 0.0000 25060.4
0.00
36 0.0000 0.0000 27270.4
0.00
37 0.0000 0.0000 29606.7
0.00
38 0.0000 0.0000 32072.7
0.00
39 0.0000 0.0000 34672.0
0.00
Turbine KW
40 0.0000 0.0000 37408.0
0.00
Rotor Dia.
area %
100
100
433
433
scale C shape K Air Temp
input
9.28
3.80
28.68
433 power output W/m^2
Air Density
KWh/m^2/year

output
Nordex
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.03
0.63
2.97
7.20
16.39
30.01
42.75
48.64
43.34
31.38
16.70
6.73
1.95
0.42
0.06
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

600
43
Nordex
output
164
1436

1.169

KWh/year
Capacity Factor

2084868
40%

KWh/month
KWh/year
KWh/year

Bonus
Nordex
a)
b)

input
433
433

output
156
164

If we multiply the power of each wind speed with the probability of each wind speed from the Weibull graph, we have
The area under the curve (all the way to the axis at the bottom) gives us the amount of wind power per square metre

Bonus
600/44
power
curve
0
0
0
3.9
21.2
49.3
83.2
130.7
202
280.8
361.3
433.7
498.6
548.1
577.3
596
610
606.9
593.4
571.3
545.6
524.7
510
500.7
478.7
457.7

output Bonus
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.067
0.791
3.254
8.317
17.277
30.931
43.342
48.281
42.336
29.356
15.678
6.286
1.879
0.410
0.062
0.006
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

600
44
Bonus
output
156
1367

Month
jan
feb
mar
apr
may
jun

Days
31
28
31
30
31
30

2076859
39%
Days
30
365.25
365
C.F.
39%
40%

170,584
2,076,859
2,075,437

jul
aug
sep
oct
nov
dec
Annual

31
31
30
31
30
31
365

KWh/month
170,584
171,242

ed from the Weibull graph, we have calculated the distribution of wind energy at different wind speeds = the power density
unt of wind power per square metre wind flow we may expect at this particular site

the power density

Nordex
43/600
output
Betz's
excel
power of power
bonus 2 Law
weibull
density
power curve
Binning
P(Vi) each
0.00
0.00
0 0.0000 0.0000
0.0
0.00
0
0.00
0.05
1 0.1579 0.1579
0.6
0.09
0
0.00
0.50
2 0.1800 0.1800
4.7
0.84
0
0.62
1.55
3 0.1666 0.1666
15.7
2.62
2
2.78
3.05
4 0.1380 0.1380
37.3
5.15
17
4.96
4.57
5 0.1058 0.1058
72.9
7.71
45
6.04
5.69
6 0.0763 0.0763
125.9
9.61
72
6.51
6.20
7 0.0523 0.0523
200.0
10.46
124
6.60
6.07
8 0.0343 0.0343
298.5
10.24
196
5.78
5.45
9 0.0216 0.0216
425.0
9.20
277
4.53
4.55
10 0.0132 0.0132
583.0
7.67
364
3.19
3.56
11 0.0077 0.0077
776.0
6.01
444
2.09
2.63
12 0.0044 0.0044 1007.4
4.44
533
1.27
1.85
13 0.0024 0.0024 1280.9
3.13
584
0.72
1.25
14 0.0013 0.0013 1599.8
2.10
618
0.39
0.80
15 0.0007 0.0007 1967.6
1.36
619
0.20
0.50
16 0.0004 0.0004 2388.0
0.84
618
0.10
0.30
17 0.0002 0.0002 2864.3
0.50
619
0.05
0.17
18 0.0001 0.0001 3400.1
0.29
620
0.02
0.10
19 0.0000 0.0000 3998.8
0.16
610
0.01
0.05
20 0.0000 0.0000 4664.0
0.09
594
0.00
0.03
21 0.0000 0.0000 5399.2
0.05
592
0.00
0.01
22 0.0000 0.0000 6207.8
0.02
590
0.00
0.01
23 0.0000 0.0000 7093.4
0.01
580
0.00
0.00
24 0.0000 0.0000 8059.4
0.01
575
0.00
0.00
25 0.0000 0.0000 9109.4
0.00
570
0.00
0.00
26 0.0000 0.0000 10246.8
0.00
0.00
0.00
27 0.0000 0.0000 11475.2
0.00
0.00
0.00
28 0.0000 0.0000 12798.0
0.00
0.00
0.00
29 0.0000 0.0000 14218.8
0.00
0.00
0.00
30 0.0000 0.0000 15741.0
0.00
45.89
31 0.0000 0.0000 17368.2
0.00
30
32 0.0000 0.0000 19103.7
0.00
33 0.0000 0.0000 20951.3
0.00
34 0.0000 0.0000 22914.2
0.00
35 0.0000 0.0000 24996.1
0.00
36 0.0000 0.0000 27200.4
0.00
37 0.0000 0.0000 29530.7
0.00
38 0.0000 0.0000 31990.4
0.00
39 0.0000 0.0000 34583.0
0.00
Turbine KW
40 0.0000 0.0000 37312.0
0.00
Rotor Dia.
area %
96
96
83
83
scale C shape K Air Temp
input
4.14
1.50
29.54
83 power output W/m^2
Air Density
KWh/m^2/year

output
Nordex
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.33
2.35
4.76
5.49
6.49
6.73
5.99
4.79
3.44
2.35
1.43
0.81
0.43
0.22
0.11
0.05
0.02
0.01
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

600
43
Nordex
output
30
263

1.166

KWh/year
Capacity Factor

382199
7%

KWh/month
KWh/year
KWh/year
input
Bonus
Nordex
a)
b)

output
83
83

30
30

If we multiply the power of each wind speed with the probability of each wind speed from the Weibull graph, we have
The area under the curve (all the way to the axis at the bottom) gives us the amount of wind power per square metre

Bonus
600/44
power
curve
0
0
0
3.9
21.2
49.3
83.2
130.7
202
280.8
361.3
433.7
498.6
548.1
577.3
596
610
606.9
593.4
571.3
545.6
524.7
510
500.7
478.7
457.7

output Bonus
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.650
2.925
5.214
6.348
6.838
6.932
6.076
4.754
3.357
2.200
1.339
0.759
0.411
0.215
0.107
0.051
0.023
0.010
0.005
0.002
0.001
0.000
0.000

600
44
Bonus
output
30
265

Month
jan
feb
mar
apr
may
jun

Days
31
28
31
30
31
30

402299
8%
Days
31
365.25
365
C.F.
8%
7%

34,144
402,299
402,024

jul
aug
sep
oct
nov
dec
Annual

31
31
30
31
30
31
365

KWh/month
34,144
32,438

ed from the Weibull graph, we have calculated the distribution of wind energy at different wind speeds = the power density
unt of wind power per square metre wind flow we may expect at this particular site

the power density

Nordex
43/600
output
Betz's
excel
power of power
bonus 2 Law
weibull
density
power curve
Binning
P(Vi) each
0.00
0.00
0 0.0000 0.0000
0.0
0.00
0
0.00
0.05
1 0.1339 0.1339
0.6
0.08
0
0.00
0.48
2 0.1704 0.1704
4.8
0.81
0
0.64
1.61
3 0.1691 0.1691
16.0
2.71
2
3.02
3.31
4 0.1470 0.1470
38.0
5.59
17
5.57
5.12
5 0.1164 0.1164
74.3
8.64
45
6.91
6.51
6 0.0856 0.0856
128.3
10.98
72
7.49
7.14
7 0.0591 0.0591
203.7
12.04
124
7.56
6.95
8 0.0386 0.0386
304.1
11.73
196
6.52
6.14
9 0.0239 0.0239
433.0
10.37
277
4.97
4.99
10 0.0142 0.0142
594.0
8.42
364
3.38
3.77
11 0.0080 0.0080
790.6
6.36
444
2.11
2.66
12 0.0044 0.0044 1026.4
4.49
533
1.22
1.77
13 0.0023 0.0023 1305.0
2.98
584
0.64
1.11
14 0.0012 0.0012 1629.9
1.88
618
0.32
0.66
15 0.0006 0.0006 2004.8
1.12
619
0.16
0.38
16 0.0003 0.0003 2433.0
0.64
618
0.07
0.21
17 0.0001 0.0001 2918.3
0.35
619
0.03
0.11
18 0.0001 0.0001 3464.2
0.18
620
0.01
0.05
19 0.0000 0.0000 4074.2
0.09
610
0.00
0.03
20 0.0000 0.0000 4752.0
0.04
594
0.00
0.01
21 0.0000 0.0000 5501.0
0.02
592
0.00
0.01
22 0.0000 0.0000 6324.9
0.01
590
0.00
0.00
23 0.0000 0.0000 7227.2
0.00
580
0.00
0.00
24 0.0000 0.0000 8211.5
0.00
575
0.00
0.00
25 0.0000 0.0000 9281.3
0.00
570
0.00
0.00
26 0.0000 0.0000 10440.1
0.00
0.00
0.00
27 0.0000 0.0000 11691.7
0.00
0.00
0.00
28 0.0000 0.0000 13039.5
0.00
0.00
0.00
29 0.0000 0.0000 14487.1
0.00
0.00
0.00
30 0.0000 0.0000 16038.0
0.00
50.63
31 0.0000 0.0000 17695.9
0.00
33
32 0.0000 0.0000 19464.2
0.00
33 0.0000 0.0000 21346.6
0.00
34 0.0000 0.0000 23346.6
0.00
35 0.0000 0.0000 25467.8
0.00
36 0.0000 0.0000 27713.7
0.00
37 0.0000 0.0000 30087.9
0.00
38 0.0000 0.0000 32594.0
0.00
39 0.0000 0.0000 35235.5
0.00
Turbine KW
40 0.0000 0.0000 38016.0
0.00
Rotor Dia.
area %
98
98
90
90
scale C shape K Air Temp
input
4.41
1.62
23.83
90 power output W/m^2
Air Density
KWh/m^2/year

output
Nordex
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.34
2.50
5.24
6.16
7.33
7.56
6.63
5.16
3.57
2.33
1.34
0.71
0.35
0.16
0.07
0.03
0.01
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

600
43
Nordex
output
33
290

1.188

KWh/year
Capacity Factor

420874
8%

KWh/month
KWh/year
KWh/year
input
Bonus
Nordex
a)
b)

output
90
90

33
33

If we multiply the power of each wind speed with the probability of each wind speed from the Weibull graph, we have
The area under the curve (all the way to the axis at the bottom) gives us the amount of wind power per square metre

Bonus
600/44
power
curve
0
0
0
3.9
21.2
49.3
83.2
130.7
202
280.8
361.3
433.7
498.6
548.1
577.3
596
610
606.9
593.4
571.3
545.6
524.7
510
500.7
478.7
457.7

output Bonus
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.659
3.117
5.740
7.123
7.724
7.793
6.723
5.123
3.486
2.180
1.253
0.665
0.333
0.160
0.072
0.031
0.013
0.005
0.002
0.001
0.000
0.000
0.000

600
44
Bonus
output
33
292

Month
jan
feb
mar
apr
may
jun

Days
31
28
31
30
31
30

443799
8%
Days
30
365.25
365
C.F.
8%
8%

36,452
443,799
443,495

jul
aug
sep
oct
nov
dec
Annual

31
31
30
31
30
31
365

KWh/month
36,452
34,569

ed from the Weibull graph, we have calculated the distribution of wind energy at different wind speeds = the power density
unt of wind power per square metre wind flow we may expect at this particular site

the power density

Nordex
43/600
output
Betz's
excel
power of power
bonus 2 Law
weibull
density
power curve
Binning
P(Vi) each
0.00
0.00
0 0.0000 0.0000
0.0
0.00
0
0.00
0.04
1 0.1008 0.1008
0.6
0.06
0
0.00
0.43
2 0.1511 0.1511
4.8
0.73
0
0.64
1.61
3 0.1672 0.1672
16.3
2.72
2
3.28
3.60
4 0.1573 0.1573
38.6
6.07
17
6.40
5.89
5 0.1318 0.1318
75.4
9.94
45
8.24
7.76
6 0.1006 0.1006
130.2
13.10
72
9.10
8.66
7 0.0707 0.0707
206.8
14.62
124
9.18
8.45
8 0.0462 0.0462
308.7
14.25
196
7.78
7.33
9 0.0281 0.0281
439.6
12.37
277
5.72
5.75
10 0.0161 0.0161
603.0
9.71
364
3.70
4.12
11 0.0087 0.0087
802.6
6.95
444
2.15
2.71
12 0.0044 0.0044 1042.0
4.57
533
1.13
1.65
13 0.0021 0.0021 1324.8
2.78
584
0.54
0.93
14 0.0010 0.0010 1654.6
1.58
618
0.24
0.49
15 0.0004 0.0004 2035.1
0.83
619
0.10
0.24
16 0.0002 0.0002 2469.9
0.41
618
0.04
0.11
17 0.0001 0.0001 2962.5
0.19
619
0.01
0.05
18 0.0000 0.0000 3516.7
0.08
620
0.00
0.02
19 0.0000 0.0000 4136.0
0.03
610
0.00
0.01
20 0.0000 0.0000 4824.0
0.01
594
0.00
0.00
21 0.0000 0.0000 5584.4
0.00
592
0.00
0.00
22 0.0000 0.0000 6420.7
0.00
590
0.00
0.00
23 0.0000 0.0000 7336.7
0.00
580
0.00
0.00
24 0.0000 0.0000 8335.9
0.00
575
0.00
0.00
25 0.0000 0.0000 9421.9
0.00
570
0.00
0.00
26 0.0000 0.0000 10598.3
0.00
0.00
0.00
27 0.0000 0.0000 11868.8
0.00
0.00
0.00
28 0.0000 0.0000 13237.1
0.00
0.00
0.00
29 0.0000 0.0000 14706.6
0.00
0.00
0.00
30 0.0000 0.0000 16281.0
0.00
58.27
31 0.0000 0.0000 17964.0
0.00
38
32 0.0000 0.0000 19759.1
0.00
33 0.0000 0.0000 21670.0
0.00
34 0.0000 0.0000 23700.3
0.00
35 0.0000 0.0000 25853.6
0.00
36 0.0000 0.0000 28133.6
0.00
37 0.0000 0.0000 30543.8
0.00
38 0.0000 0.0000 33087.8
0.00
39 0.0000 0.0000 35769.4
0.00
Turbine KW
40 0.0000 0.0000 38592.0
0.00
Rotor Dia.
area %
99
99
101
101
scale C shape K Air Temp
input
4.81
1.80
19.50
101 power output W/m^2
Air Density
KWh/m^2/year

output
Nordex
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.33
2.67
5.93
7.24
8.77
9.05
7.80
5.86
3.84
2.34
1.23
0.59
0.25
0.10
0.04
0.01
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

600
43
Nordex
output
38
333

1.206

KWh/year
Capacity Factor

483849
9%

KWh/month
KWh/year
KWh/year

Bonus
Nordex
a)
b)

input
101
101

output
38
38

If we multiply the power of each wind speed with the probability of each wind speed from the Weibull graph, we have
The area under the curve (all the way to the axis at the bottom) gives us the amount of wind power per square metre

Bonus
600/44
power
curve
0
0
0
3.9
21.2
49.3
83.2
130.7
202
280.8
361.3
433.7
498.6
548.1
577.3
596
610
606.9
593.4
571.3
545.6
524.7
510
500.7
478.7
457.7

output Bonus
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.652
3.335
6.499
8.367
9.239
9.324
7.904
5.815
3.754
2.188
1.152
0.550
0.244
0.102
0.039
0.014
0.005
0.002
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

600
44
Bonus
output
38
336

Month
jan
feb
mar
apr
may
jun

Days
31
28
31
30
31
30

510764
10%
Days
31
365.25
365
C.F.
10%
9%

43,350
510,764
510,414

jul
aug
sep
oct
nov
dec
Annual

31
31
30
31
30
31
365

KWh/month
43,350
41,066

ed from the Weibull graph, we have calculated the distribution of wind energy at different wind speeds = the power density
unt of wind power per square metre wind flow we may expect at this particular site

the power density

Nordex
43/600
output
Betz's
excel
power of power
bonus 2 Law
weibull
density
power curve
Binning
P(Vi) each
0.00
0.00
0 0.0000 0.0000
0.0
0.00
0
0.00
0.02
1 0.0553 0.0553
0.6
0.03
0
0.00
0.24
2 0.0848 0.0848
4.7
0.40
0
0.38
0.96
3 0.1018 0.1018
15.9
1.62
2
2.22
2.43
4 0.1089 0.1089
37.6
4.10
17
5.11
4.70
5 0.1080 0.1080
73.5
7.94
45
8.08
7.62
6 0.1012 0.1012
127.0
12.85
72
11.37
10.83
7 0.0906 0.0906
201.7
18.28
124
15.12
13.91
8 0.0780 0.0780
301.1
23.48
196
17.48
16.47
9 0.0648 0.0648
428.7
27.79
277
18.11
18.19
10 0.0522 0.0522
588.0
30.70
364
16.99
18.93
11 0.0408 0.0408
782.6
31.94
444
14.86
18.69
12 0.0310 0.0310 1016.1
31.55
533
12.11
17.61
13 0.0230 0.0230 1291.8
29.72
584
9.22
15.90
14 0.0166 0.0166 1613.5
26.83
618
6.72
13.80
15 0.0117 0.0117 1984.5
23.29
619
4.74
11.55
16 0.0081 0.0081 2408.4
19.50
618
3.18
9.35
17 0.0055 0.0055 2888.8
15.78
619
2.05
7.33
18 0.0036 0.0036 3429.2
12.36
620
1.28
5.57
19 0.0023 0.0023 4033.1
9.40
610
0.77
4.11
20 0.0015 0.0015 4704.0
6.94
594
0.46
2.95
21 0.0009 0.0009 5445.5
4.99
592
0.27
2.07
22 0.0006 0.0006 6261.0
3.49
590
0.16
1.41
23 0.0003 0.0003 7154.2
2.38
580
0.09
0.94
24 0.0002 0.0002 8128.5
1.58
575
0.05
0.61
25 0.0001 0.0001 9187.5
1.03
570
0.00
0.39
26 0.0001 0.0001 10334.7
0.65
0.00
0.24
27 0.0000 0.0000 11573.6
0.41
0.00
0.15
28 0.0000 0.0000 12907.8
0.25
0.00
0.09
29 0.0000 0.0000 14340.7
0.15
0.00
0.05
30 0.0000 0.0000 15876.0
0.09
150.82
31 0.0000 0.0000 17517.1
0.05
99
32 0.0000 0.0000 19267.6
0.03
33 0.0000 0.0000 21131.0
0.01
34 0.0000 0.0000 23110.8
0.01
35 0.0000 0.0000 25210.5
0.00
36 0.0000 0.0000 27433.7
0.00
37 0.0000 0.0000 29784.0
0.00
38 0.0000 0.0000 32264.7
0.00
39 0.0000 0.0000 34879.6
0.00
Turbine KW
40 0.0000 0.0000 37632.0
0.00
Rotor Dia.
area %
99
99
350
350
scale C shape K Air Temp
input
7.20
1.73
26.87
350 power output W/m^2
Air Density
KWh/m^2/year

output
Nordex
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.20
1.85
4.86
7.29
11.24
15.29
17.96
19.00
18.12
16.55
13.44
10.28
7.27
5.00
3.38
2.23
1.42
0.88
0.54
0.33
0.19
0.11
0.06

600
43
Nordex
output
104
913

1.176

KWh/year
Capacity Factor

1325317
25%

KWh/month
KWh/year
KWh/year

Bonus
Nordex
a)
b)

input
350
350

output
99
104

If we multiply the power of each wind speed with the probability of each wind speed from the Weibull graph, we have
The area under the curve (all the way to the axis at the bottom) gives us the amount of wind power per square metre

Bonus
600/44
power
curve
0
0
0
3.9
21.2
49.3
83.2
130.7
202
280.8
361.3
433.7
498.6
548.1
577.3
596
610
606.9
593.4
571.3
545.6
524.7
510
500.7
478.7
457.7

output Bonus
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.397
2.308
5.323
8.420
11.843
15.755
18.205
18.861
17.702
15.480
12.610
9.601
6.995
4.938
3.314
2.139
1.331
0.805
0.480
0.284
0.166
0.093
0.051

600
44
Bonus
output
99
870

Month
jan
feb
mar
apr
may
jun

Days
31
28
31
30
31
30

1322083
25%
Days
30
365.25
365
C.F.
25%
25%

108,590
1,322,083
1,321,178

jul
aug
sep
oct
nov
dec
Annual

31
31
30
31
30
31
365

KWh/month
108,590
108,856

ed from the Weibull graph, we have calculated the distribution of wind energy at different wind speeds = the power density
unt of wind power per square metre wind flow we may expect at this particular site

the power density