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ACKNOWLWDGEMENT

The completion of any task is not only the reward to the persons actively involved in accomplishing it, but also the people involved in inspiring, guiding and helping those people. I take opportunity here to thank all those who have helped me in the completion of this seminar, without whom the seminar indeed would have been, quite a difficult task. I would like to express my deepest gratitude to Prof. H.S.Siyan sir for his able guidance during the course of preparation of this seminar.

Rohit Narain B.Tech. Third Year Electronics and communication Engg.

------------Index-----------1. Abstract-----------------------------------------------------5 2. History------------------------------------------------------6 3. Introduction to cell phone jammer---------------------8 4. Cell phone jamming basics------------------------------8 5. Cell phone jammer device-------------------------------8 6. Design Parameters----------------------------------------9 7. Component cell phone jammer-------------------------11 7.1 Power supply--------------------------------------11 7.2 Circuitry--------------------------------------------12 7.3 Antenna---------------------------------------------12 8. How cell phone jammer work---------------------------12 9. jamming techniques---------------------------------------13 10. Types of cell phone jammer device---------------------14 11. Cell phone jammer applications-------------------------19 12. Cell phone jammer legal issues--------------------------20 13. Alternatives to cell phone jamming---------------------21 14. Conclusion--------------------------------------------------22 15. Bibliography------------------------------------------------2

The concept of jamming technology is studied in a step-by-step approach. This paper deals with the Mobile Jamming Technology. hence increasing the number of users of mobile communication devices.Abstract The last few years have witnessed a dramatic boom in the wireless communications industry. The mobile jammer in the frequency range of 890MHz to 960MHz (GSM) is developed. The jammer jams the signal within five meter effective radius. Index terms– Antenna. . The jammer circuit is designed with minimum cost and high efficiency. . Antenna simulation is done by using IE3D software [8]. Jammer. Wide band frequency. This magnified the need for a more efficient and reliable signal scrambler. Its circuit analysis simulation is performed using Speace-spice Software.

especially in major metropolitan areas.History The rapid proliferation of cell phones at the beginning of 21st century to near ubiquitous status eventually raised problems such as their potential use of invade privacy or contribute to rampant and egregious academic cheating. there has been a slow but steady increase in their purchase and use. In addition public backlash was growing against the intrusive disruption cell phones introduced in daily life. They were originally developed for law enforcement and the military to interrupt communications by criminals and terrorists. Since then. so over time many companies originally contracted to design jammers for government use switched over to sell these devices to private entities. Cell phone jamming devices are an alternative to more expensive measures against cell phones. such as Faraday cages. which are mostly suitable as built in protection for structures. . The civilian applications were apparent. In addition public black lash privacy or contribute to rampant The rapid proliferation of cell phones at the beginning of the 21st century to near ubiquitous status eventually raised problems such as their potential use to invade privacy or contribute to rampant and egregious academic cheating.

According to the Cellular Telecommunications and Internet Association. almost 195 million .Cell phone jammer Introduction to cell phone jammer Cell phones are everywhere these days.

Cell towers divide a city into small areas. . Who hasn't seethed through one side of a conversation about an incredibly personal situation as the talker shares intimate details with his friend as well as everyone else in the area? While most of us just grumble and move on. Unfortunately. Cell phones are basically handheld two-way radios. The jammer denies service of the radio spectrum to the cell phone users within range of the jamming device as shown in figure below. the signal is handed from tower to tower. As a cell phone user drives down the street. Cell Phone Jamming Basics Disrupting a cell phone is the same as jamming any other type of radio communication. movie theaters. It's great to be able to call anyone at anytime. the signal can be disrupted. or jammed. restaurants. Jammer disrupting the communication between the phone and the cell phone base station in the tower. And cell phones are even more ubiquitous in Europe. concerts. And like any radio. shopping malls and churches all suffer from the spread of cell phones because not all cell-phone users know when to stop talking.people in the United States had cell-phone service in October 2005.or cells. some people are actually going to extremes to retaliate. It’s called denial-of-service attack. A cell phone works by communicating with the service network through a cell toweras base station.

Cell Phone Jamming Device Jamming devices overpower the cell phone by transmitting a signal on the same frequency and at a high enough power that the two signals collide and cancel each other out. which means they use two separate frequencies. operates in the 900-MHz and 1800-MHz bands in Europe and Asia and in the 1900-MHz (sometimes referred to as 1. Less complex devices block only one group of frequencies.9-GHz) band in the United States. Cell phones are full-duplex devices. The phone is tricked into thinking there is no service because it can receive only one of the frequencies. . while sophisticated jammers can block several types of networks at once to head off dual-mode or tri-mode phones that automatically switch among different network types to find an open signal. which has the effect of blocking both. one for talking and one for listening simultaneously. GSM. Cell phones are designed to add power if they experience low-level interference. all cell-phone networks use radio signals that can be interrupted. Some jammers block only one of the frequencies used by cell phones. used in digital cellular and PCS-based systems. so the jammer must recognize and match the power increase from the phone. Although different cellular systems process signals differently. Jammers can broadcast on any frequency.

The simplest just have an on/off switch and a light that indicates it's on. Components of a jammer include:--- . Using 1880 MHz gives: F (dB) =32.DESIGN PARAMETERS The distance to be jammed (D) This parameter is very important in our design. since the amount of the output power of the jammer depends on the area that we need to jam. Later on we will see the relationship between the output power and the distance D. More complex devices have switches to activate jamming at different frequencies. Component of Cell Phone Jammers Electronically speaking.44+20 log 0. Free space loss {F} The free-space loss (or path loss) is given by: The maximum free space loss (worst case F) happens when the maximum frequency is used in the above equation. cell-phone jammers are very basic devices.01 + 20 log 1880 which gives F =58 dB. Our design is established upon D=10 meters for DCS 1800 band and D=20 meters for GSM 900 band.

Stronger devices can be plugged into a standard outlet or wired into a vehicle's electrical system. You may be able to get out of the jammer's range with just a few steps. Antenna Every jamming device has an antenna to send the signal. try walking away from the area.If the battery on your phone is okay.Controls the frequency at which the jammer broadcasts its signal by sending a particular voltage to the oscillator.Boosts the power of the radio frequency output to high enough levels to jam a signal .Produces random electronic output in a specified frequency range to jam the cell-phone network signal (part of the tuning circuit) RF amplification (gain stage) . Some are contained rical cabinet. . Noise generator . Tuning circuit . and you'd like to continue your conversation.Generates the radio signal that will interfere with the cell phone signal . Some look like cell phone and use cell-phone batteries. On stronger devices. Circuitry The main electronic components of a jammer are: Voltage-controlled oscillator . Check your phone . antennas are external to provide longer range and may be tuned for individual frequencies.Power supply Smaller jamming devices are battery operated.

The first type are usually smaller devices that block the signals coming from cell phone towers to individual cell phones. The frequency blocked is somewhere between 800MHz and 1900MHz. Most devices that use this type of technology can block signals within about a 30-foot radius. The second type of cell phone jammer is usually much larger in size and more powerful. There are two types of cell phone jammers currently available.How Cell Phone Jammers Work Cell phone jammers work in a similar way to radio jammers by sending out the same radio frequencies that cell phones operate on. . Doing so creates enough interference so that a call cannot connect with a cell phone. Some powerful models can block cell phone transmissions within a 5 mile radius. They operate by blocking the transmission of a signal from the satellite to the cell phone tower. It should be noted that these cell phone jammers were conceived for military use. Cell phones within this range simply show no signal.

Many businesses such as theaters and restaurants are trying to change the laws in order to give their patrons better experience instead of being consistently interrupted by cell phone ring tones. when located in a designated ’quite’ area. The device.Once again. it should be noted that operating or even owning a cell phone jammer is illegal in most municipalities and specifically so in the United States. Type ”B” devices do not transmit an interfering signal on the control channels. Jamming techniques Type “A” Device (JAMMERS): This type of device comes equipped with several independent oscillators transmitting ’jamming signals’ capable of blocking frequencies used by paging devices as well as those used by cellular systems control channels for call establishment. functions as a ’detector’. Type “B” Device (Intelligent Cellular Disablers): Unlike jammers. .

Although labor intensive to construct. The device.It has a unique identification number for communicating with the cellular base station.Passive Jamming): This technique is using EMI suppression techniques to make a room into what is called Faraday cage. Type E Device (EMI Shield . Type “D” Device (Direct Receive & Transmit Jammers): This jammer behaves like a small. Phone directly if it is within close proximity of the jammer. while within the coverage area of beacon. functions as a ’beacon’ and any compatible terminal is instructed to disable its ringer or disable its operation. Type C devices do not transmit an interfering signal on the control channels. Type “C” Device (Intelligent Beacon Disablers): Unlike jammers. The jammer is predominantly in receive mode and will intelligently choose to interact and block the cell. when located in a designated ’quiet’ area. the Faraday cage essentially Blocks or greatly attenuates. virtually all electromagnetic radiation from entering or leaving the cage . independent and portable base station. . which can directly interact intelligently or unintelligently with the operation of the local mobile phone.or in this case a target room.

o Adjustable cell phone jammer o School &prison phone jammer o Explosion-proof cell phone jammer o Police &military phone jammer o cell phone jammer o Portable cell phone jammer o Remote control cell phone jammer One of the cell phone jammer device is “single knight brand ultrathin cell phone jammer” Portable jammer .where we does not want to use of cell phone than there we can use cell phone jammer device . resulting it disconnect the cell from base station .as we take a example of class room .and wecan not recive the any calls from base station.Types of cell phone jammer device There are many types of cell phone jammer device which is used in our daily life .by this we can produce the interface between the cell phone station and jamming device.

960 MHz Pulsed RF out put power : + 2 dbm.20 meters radius. Indoor coverage : 10 . Depending on the strength and type cellular system : Flange mounted BNC. : 12v. : 900 MHz GSM 800 MHz CDMA/TDMA : 30 Seconds. : 170 .270 vac.TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS Output power Frequency Start up time : 750 Milli Watts. : 500 mA : power on Signal on Out put RF connector In put AC voltage Internal DC supply Operational current Indicators Cell Phone Jammer Applications Cell phone jamming devices were originally developed for law enforcement and the military to interrupt . Frequency range : 840 .

The TRJ-89 jammer from Antenna System & Supplies Inc. (areas with a potentially explosive atmosphere). Corporations use jammers to stop corporate espionage by blocking voice transmissions and photo transmissions from camera phones. The bombs that blew up commuter trains in Spain in March 2004. police can control when and where a captor can make a phone call. as well as blasts in Bali in October 2002 and Jakarta in 20 August 2003.communications by criminals and terrorists. It has been widely reported that a cell-phone jammer thwarted an assassination attempt on Pakistani President Musharraf in December 2003. Police can block phone calls during a drug raid so suspects can't communicate outside the area. During a hostage situation. it was reported that British police considered using jammers to protect the president's motorcade through London. Cell-phone jammers can be used in areas where radio transmissions are dangerous. On the more . When President Bush visited London in November 2004. such as chemical storage facilities or grain elevators. carries its own electrical generator and can block cellular communications in a 5-mile (8-km) radius. all relied on cell phones to trigger explosives.

rules. It also represents a safety hazard because jamming blocks all calls in the area. fines for a first offense can range as high as $11. not just the annoying ones. The Federal Communications Commission is charged with enforcing jamming laws. France legalized . because a private company has purchased the rights to the radio spectrum. Jamming a signal could block the call of a babysitter frantically trying to contact a parent or a someone trying to call for an ambulance. In most countries. However. In December 2004. but some countries are allowing businesses and government organizations to install jammers in areas where cell-phone use is seen as a public nuisance.S. and the device used may also be seized and forfeited to the government. Cell Phone Jamming Legal Issues Jamming is seen as property theft. the agency has not yet prosecuted anyone for cell-phone jamming. there are rumors that hotel chains install jammers to block guests' cell-phone usage and force them to use in-room phones at high rates.000 for each violation or imprisonment for up to one year. and jamming the spectrum is akin to stealing the property the company has purchased. Under the U.questionable end of the legitimacy spectrum. it is illegal for private citizens to jam cell-phone transmission.

That means using things like wallpaper or building materials embedded with metal fragments to prevent cell-phone signals from reaching inside or outside the room. So what legally can be done to stop annoying cell-phone use? : Alternatives to Cell Phone Jamming While the law clearly prohibits using a device to actively disrupt a cell-phone signal. France is finalizing technology that will let calls to emergency services go through. India has installed jammers in parliament and some prisons. With phones ringing in movies. Some buildings have designs that block radio signals by accident due to thick concrete walls or a steel skeleton. Students were taking photos of tests with their camera phones and sending them to classmates. there are no rules against passive cell-phone blocking." One device sends incoming calls to voicemail and blocks outgoing calls. so it is technically not being jammed. concert halls and other places with performances. Companies are working on devices that control a cell phone but do not "jam the signal.cell-phone jammers in movie theaters. it's no wonder people want to tone down the intrusion. It has been reported that universities in Italy have adopted the technology to prevent cheating. It is a legal gray area that . The argument is that the phone still works. weddings and classrooms.

For a less technical solution. the Society for HandHeld Hushing. These have been used in hospitals where cell-phone signals could interfere with sensitive medical equipment. you can download a note to hand to people conducting annoying cell-phone conversations. has launched the SHHH. a design firm in Chicago. Cell-phone alerters are available that indicate the presence of a cell-phone signal. users are asked to turn off their phones.has not been ruled on by the FCC as of April 2005. At its Web site. Coudal Partners. expressing your lack of interest in what they're talking about. . When a signal is detected.

But it’s overall performance is very good and helpful in our life. All the circuit output are constructed and observed using the Electronic work bench.CONCLUSION On observing the output of the frequency spectrum the VCO output is varies from 890MHz to 960MHz. This output is fed to MMG3001 and it is found that the mobile jammer blocks the mobile signal in 8meter effective radius. The simulation result and practical result are found to be approbatory equal. . At last we can say every device is acts as good aspects as well as bad aspects.for this we can take a example that if at any place cell phone jammer is on than anybody wants to use than there creates some problems. The gain of the project is that we are able to block communication coming into and going out from a GSM phone operating on the 890MHz to 960MHz frequency band. In many place cell phone jammer is useful but at many place it is a problem . We are also able to reach 8-meter effective blocking radius and keep the cost less.

J. no. Incorporated. “Use of jammer and disabler Devices for blocking PCS. Waves . 49. IEEE Trans Antennas Propagat. pp. p. 2000. no. vol. IEEE . IEEE . 223. aputa. Cellular & Related Services” Spectrum. vol. May 2005 LC resonators. 18. Electromagn. July 2001. USNC/URSI Radio Science.Meeting Digest.5.Bibliography Spectrum. 18. 10161019. vol. A wide band dual meandersleeve antenna.42..5.42. May 2005 phone systems” Board of Canada.