fluid mechanics

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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fluid mechanics

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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Determine the atmospheric pressure at a location where the barometric pressure at a location where the barometer reading is 750 mmHg. Take the density of mercury to be 13 600 kg/m3? (100.03 kPa)

2. The absolute pressure in water at a depth of 5 m is read to be 145 kPa. Determine (a) the local atmospheric pressure, and (b) the absolute pressure at a depth of 5 m in a liquid whose specific gravity is 0.85 at the same location. (95.97 kPa, 137.65 kPa)

3. Consider a 70-kg woman who has a total foot imprint area of 400 cm2. She wishes to walk on the snow, but the snow cannot withstand pressures greater than 0.5 kPa. Determine the minimum size of the snowshoes needed (imprint area per shoe) to enable her to walk on the snow without sinking. (1.37 m2)

4. A vacuum gag connected to a tank reads 30 kPa at a location where the barometer reading is 755 mmHg. Determine the absolute pressure in the tank. Take Hg = 13 590 kg/m3. (70.62 kPa)

5. A pressure gage is connected to a tank reads 500 kPa at a location where the atmospheric pressure is 94 kPa. Determine the absolute pressure in the tank. (594 kPa)

6. The barometer of a mountain hiker reads 930 mbars at the beginning of a hiking trip and 780 mbars at the end. Neglecting the effect of altitude on local gravitational acceleration, determine the vertical distance climed. Assume an average air density of 1.20/kg m3. (1274.6 m)

7. The basic barometer can be used to measure the height of a building. If the barometric readings at the top and at the bottom of a building are 730 and 755 mmHg, respectively, determine the height of the building. Assume an average air density of 1.18 kg/m3. (288.02 m)

8. Determine the pressure exerted on a diver at 30 m below the free surface of the sea. Assume a barometric pressure of 101 kPa and a specific gravity of 1.03 for seawater. (404.03 kPa)

9. A manometer containing oil ( = 850 kg/m3) is attached to a tank filled with air. If the oil-level difference between the two columns is 45 cm and the atmospheric pressure is 98 kPa, determine the absolute pressure of the air in the tank. (101.75 kPa)

10. A mercury manometer ( = 13 600 kg/m3) is connected to an air duct to measure the pressure inside. The difference in the manometer level is 15 mm, and the atmospheric is 100 kPa. (a) Judging from the figure, determine if the pressure in the duct is above or below the atmospheric pressure. (b) Determine the absolute pressure in the duct. (102 kPa)

11. Blood pressure is usually measured by wrapping a closed air-filled jacket equipped with a pressure gage around the upper arm of a person at the level of the heart. Using a mercury manometer and a stethoscope, the systolic pressure (The maximum pressure when the heart is pumping) and diastolic pressure (the minimum pressure when the heart is resting) are measured in mmHg. The systolic and diastolic pressures of a healthy person are about 120 mmHg and 80 mmHg, respectively, and are indicated as 120/80. Express both these gauges in kPa, psi, and meter water column. ( 16 kPa, 10.67 kPa, 2.32 psi, 1.55 psi, 1.63 mwc, 0.09 mwc)

12. The maximum blood pressure in the upper arm of a healthy person is about 120 mmHg. If a vertical tube open to the atmosphere is connected to the vein in the upper arm of a person, determine how high the blood will rise in the tube. Take the density of the blood to be 1050 kg/m3. ( 1.55 m)

13. Consider a 1.8-m-tall man standing vertically in water and completely submerged in pool. Determine the difference between the pressures acting at the head and at the toes of this man, in kPa. (17.65 kPa)

14. Consider a U-tube whose arms are open to the atmosphere. Now water is poured into the Utube from one arm, a light oil ( = 790 kg/m3) from the other. One arm contains 70-m-high water, while the other arm contains both fluid with an oil-to-water height of 6. Determine the height of each fluid in that arm. (12.2 cm, 73.17 cm)

15. The gage pressure of the air in the tank shown in the figure is measured to be 65 kPa. Determine the differential height h of the mercury column. (0.47 m)

16. The top part of a water tank is divided into two compartments, as shown in the figure. Now a fluid with an unknown density is poured into one side, and the water level rises a certain amount on the other side to compensate for this effect. Based on the final fluid added. Assume the liquid does not mix with water. (565.5 kg/m3)

17. The 500-kg load on the hydraulic lift shown in the figure is to be raised by pouring oil ( = 780 kg/m3) into a thin tube. Determine how high h should be in order to begin to raise the weight. (0.57 m)

18. Two chambers with the same fluid at their base are separated by a 30-cm diameter piston whose weight is 25 N as shown in the figure. Calculate the gage pressures in chamber A and B. (2.81 kPa, -2.1 kPa)

19. Consider the system shown in the figure. If a change of 0.7 kPa in the pressure of air causes the brine-mercury interface in the right column to drop by 5 mm in the brine level in the right column while the pressure in the brine pipe remains constant, determine the ratio of A2/A1. (0.13)

20. Two water tanks are connected to each other through a mercury manometer with inclined tubes, as shown in the figure. If the pressure difference the two tanks is 20 kPa, calculate a and . (7.5 cm, 34.02o)

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