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Prepositions are short words (on, in, to) that usually stand in front of nouns (sometimes also in front of gerund verbs).

Even advanced learners of English find prepositions difficult, as a 1:1 translation is usually not possible. One preposition in your native language might have several translations depending on the situation. There are hardly any rules as to when to use which preposition. The only way to learn prepositions is looking them up in a dictionary reading a lot in English and learning useful phrases off by heart. The following table contains rules for some of the most frequently used prepositions in English: Prepositions – Time English
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Usage days of the week months / seasons time of day year after a certain period of time (when?) for night for weekend a certain point of time (when?) from a certain point of time (past till now) over a certain period of time (past till now) a certain time in the past

Example on Monday in in in in August / in winter the morning 2006 an hour

on in

at

at night at the weekend at half past nine since 1980 for 2 years 2 years ago before 2004 ten to six (5:50) ten past six (6:10) from Monday to/till

since

for ago

befor earlier than a certain e point of time

to past to /

telling the time telling the time marking the

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 Prepositions – Place (Position and Direction) English  Usage room. by at the door. at the party place where you are to do something typical at the cinema. I had read five pages. building. on the table on the left on the first floor on the bus. on the radio  on . country book. school. car. at (watch a film. By 11 o'clock. study.English till / until  Usage beginning and end of a period of time Friday Example till / until by in the sense of how He is on holiday until long something is going to Friday. in the book the car. paper etc. radio the picture on the wall London lies on the Thames. last in the sense of at the latest up to a certain time I will be back by 6 o’clock. taxi picture. street. at work work) attached for a place with a river being on a surface for a certain side (left. world in London in in in world Example the kitchen. at the an object station for table at the table for events at a concert. in a taxi the picture. on a plane on TV. in the in  at meaning next to. town. right) for a floor in a house for public transport for television.

the bag is under the table by. but not directly over it a path above the lake  over  above  across getting to the other walk across the side (also over) bridge getting to the other swim across the side lake throug something with drive through the h limits on top. next to. lower than (or covered by) something else Example Jane is standing by / next to / beside the car. beside under   below lower than the fish are below something else but above the surface ground covered by put a jacket over something else your shirt meaning more than over 16 years of age getting to the other walk over the bridge side (also across) climb over the wall overcoming an obstacle higher than something else.English  Usage left or right of somebody or something on the ground. bottom and tunnel the sides  to movement to person or building movement to a place or country for bed enter a room / a building go to the cinema go to London / Ireland go to bed go into the kitchen / the house go 5 steps towards the house  into  towar movement in the ds direction of something (but not directly to it) .

on horseback get on the bus get in the car get off the train get out of the taxi of  by on    in off out of by   rise or fall of prices have risen by something 10 percent travelling (other than by car. by bus walking or horseriding) for age at 45 she learned Russian we were talking about you  at abou for topics. meaning t what about .English  Usage movement to the top of something in the sense of where from Example jump onto the table a flower from the garden onto from  Other important Prepositions English from  Usage who gave it who/what does it belong to what does it show who made it walking or riding on horseback entering a public transport vehicle entering a car / Taxi leaving a public transport vehicle leaving a car / Taxi Example a present from Jane a page of the book the picture of a palace a book by Mark Twain on foot.

Exercise on Prepositions – Time Fill in the correct prepositions. 16... I haven't been to the cinema ………………so many years. That's interesting. 11.. I have to be home………….eleven. What are you doing …………………. 15. 19. 10. the afternoon? 8. What are you doing …………………the weekend? 12..the evening. the 5th of November. half ………………. 6. a great fire broke out in London. I am visiting my grandma ………………. I can pick you up…………. seven. My birthday is ………………… May. Friday. 13. That's right. 17. That would be great. But I would prefer to go there ……………. eight ……………. a quarter ………………. It lasts ………………… two hours and forty-five minutes. I don't know yet. That's okay. the weekend. We could go there together …………………the afternoon. 3..Saturday. 5. My friend has been living in Canada …………………… two years. 4. …………………. 14. I have been waiting for you ……………… seven o'clock. 7. I don't like walking alone in the streets ……………… night. 1.. 2. 20. How long does the film last? 18. But I must hurry home ………………. The film starts ………………… eight o'clock. Peter is playing tennis ……………… Sunday. eleven o'clock. 9. . Maybe I'll go to the cinema ………………… Saturday.the film. My brother's birthday is ……………. …………………. I will have finished this essay …………………. 1666. We are going to see my parents …………….

She is sitting ……………. an appointment calendar. 1. They are sitting ……………………. 9. 4. the woman.. a chair.. The drinks are ………………… the table.Exercise on Prepositions – Place Complete the exercise according to the picture. 2. the table are a laptop. The woman is sitting ……………. 6. …………… the picture. 5. Complete the exercise according to the picture.. …………………. a table. chairs.. two pens and a muffin. 5. The woman is looking …………………… her laptop. The woman's bag is ………………………. There is another chair ……………. One woman is standing ………………………. 4.. a paper. the table. her is a man who is barbecuing. Her feet are ………………. there are four people. 1…………….. 3. I can see a woman. the table. ………………. the picture. 3.. 2. the table The woman is holding a cup …………………. a calculator. 6. A couple is sitting ………… the table. her hands. 8. . 7..

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. ……………… the American Revolutionary War (…………… 1775 and 1783) he was the Commander-in-Chief ………… the American forces. the cinema tonight? 3. the United States. 13.. So. Dick and Mac McDonald on the 15th ……………. No. 1948 and became known …………. There is a bridge ………………… the river. 15.. 10. Look …………………. there are many picture postcards. 1797.my friend Jane. Aren't they wonderful? Complete the exercise with the correct prepositions. I was…………………….. the cinema yesterday. MCDONALD’S The first McDonald’s restaurant was opened ……………...George Washington was born …………. The best selling products …………… their restaurant were hamburgers. I got these photos ……………………. 2. who is a hobby photographer. He was President ………. 1789 …………. 6.. 67.the 14th ……… December 1799. we want to watch TV. ………………. Come ……………………. This was introduced …………….. a way to produce hamburgers more quickly. 8. GEORGE WASHINGTON 1. May 1940. We live …………… London. 11. George Washington died …………… the age ………. ………………………my wall. 1732. Would you like to go………………. The flight from Leipzig to London was ………………… Frankfurt.Fill in the gaps with the correct prepositions. 5. 12. The capital ………… the United States and one federal state are named ………… George Washington. 14. These photos were taken …………………… her boyfriend. the United States. ………. the sitting room. 4. Virginia ………….. We are going ……………………. Munich lies 530 meters ………………… sea level. these are pictures ……………… a giraffe. MISCELLANEOUS 1. Washington played an important role ………….. these pictures you can see a giraffe. Who is the person …………………… this picture? 9.. holiday next week. So the McDonald brothers thought………….the founding ………. He became the first President …………. these pictures.. 7. Complete the exercise with the correct prepositions.. the Speedee . thanks.

One member ………………. which is located ……………. The Wampanoag lived ……………………… villages ………………… the southeastern coast ………………. Squanto was the first to meet the Pilgrims and he welcomed them ……………………. you get ……………………. the bus.the country. its sponsorship………….. You buy a ticket …………………. a suburb …………… Chicago. When you arrive ……………………your destination. Fill the gaps with the correct prepositions. Complete the exercise with the correct prepositions. you get …………….. Franchisees and future managers …………….Service System. BUSES If you want to go …………….. bus. the bus stop. the Wampanoag. McDonalds is also known ………………. the culture ……………….Oak Brook. you have to go ……………. Squanto.the Wampanoag and the settlers secured peace…………………….. but then the settlers claimed .more than 100 countries. English. knew English because several years before he had been kidnapped and taken ……………………… Europe..the bus. THE WAMPANOAG The Wampanoag are the native American tribe that helped the Pilgrims………………… the Mayflower to survive their first year ……………………. The tribe was divided ………………………… smaller groups... The Wampanoag shared their knowledge ………………… hunting and fishing …………………… the European settlers and showed them how to grow corn and beans. The first franchised McDonald’s restaurant was opened …………………. …………………………… autumn. A treaty ……………………………. your bus.the New World.the driver or show your ticket ………………………the driver. North America. the burgers vary …………….. and each group was ruled ……………………… a chief.another bus stop. about 40 years. McDonald’s restaurants are trained ………………….1953.. When the bus arrives. You look ……………… the time table. Hamburger University. Sometimes you even have to change buses ………………. various international sport events. Then you wait ……………. The meats …………. and today you can find McDonald’s restaurants ………………. the harvest was so good that the settlers invited the Wampanoag ……………………… a great feast that is now remembered as the first Thanksgiving.. Their name means ‘people of the east’.

war ……………………… the English and the Wampanoag (1675-1676) ………………………. The Wampanoag left their lands and moved …………………… the islands ……………………Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard.more and more land and treated the Wampanoag ……………………. disrespect. the United States. Today there are only about 2. .which the Wampanoag were defeated.. This finally led ………………………..000 Wampanoag people living…………………….

7. one year) 1. 1998. six years. I haven't been on holiday …………………… last July. last Friday. 9.Valentine's Day. Tim and Tina have been learning English ……………………. Mary has been saving her money …………………………. 8.SINCE AND FOR: Decide whether to use »since« or »for«. 2. Joe and Josephine have been going out together ………………….if the starting point is given (two o'clock. I have been waiting …………………. 4 o'clock. many years. You have been watching TV ……………………. . 3. . hours. Fred and Frida have been learning French ………………. Sue has only been waiting …………………… 20 minutes. We have been living here ………………… 2 months.if the period of time is given (twenty minutes. 5. 6. two days. I haven't eaten anything …………………………. 4.breakfast..since . 1998) .for . 10..