Psdfq

ljsNk
uf]nd]r
;ef
jif{ ^, c+s #*,

@)&) ;fn c;f/ #) ut] cfOtaf/ (July 14, 2013)

kf6L{s} of]hgfdf rLg e|d0f M uf}/a
sf7df8f}F . g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf
pkfWoIf l;lk uh'/n] uf}/an] xfn} ePsf]
pRr:tl/o lrg e|d0f cfˆgf]
kf6L{sf] of]hgfdf ePsf]
atfPsf 5g\ . …xfdLn] kf6L{
k'gu{ 7g u/]kl5 klxnf] k6s
lrlgof sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf]
lgdGq0ffdf xfdL uPsf lyof},+
eg] o;k6s xfd|f] kf6L{sf]
of]hgfdf b'j} sDo'gl:6
kf6L{aLr rLgdf a}7s eof]Ú
uf}/an] eg] @% ut] / @^
ut] lrlgofF sDo'gl:6 kf6L{sf] cGt/f{li6«o

ljefu;Fu b'O–{ b'O{ 306f 5nkmn ePsf]
/ To;}u/L pk/fi6«klt;Fu csf]l{ bg
5nkmn ePsf] atfP .
cGt/;+jfb sfo{qmddf af]Nb}
uf}/an] a}7sdf b'O{ sDo'lg:6
kf6L{aLr g]kfnL /fhgLltsf]
ljifodf uDeL/ 5nkmn eof]
t/ lrlgofF sDo'lg:6 kf6L{n]
cfk"mx¿nfO{ r'gfjdf hfg';\
geg]sf] atfP . uf}/an]
lrlgofF sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ g]tT[ jn]
r'gfjdf hfg], alxisf/ ug{,]
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

e"n ;RofPgg\ eg] ljb|fx] M ljKnj
sf7df8f}F . g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf
;lrj g] q ljqmd rGb
ljKnjn] dfcf] a fbL;F u
;Demf}tf jf ljb|f]x Ps /f]Hg
k|d'v bnx¿nfO{ r]tfjgL
lbPsf 5g\ . ;+ljwfg;efsf]
r'gfj cl3 g} dfcf]jfbL;Fu
;Demf}tf ug{] sfFu;
]| –Pdfn] tof/ geP
ljb|fx] x'g] ljKnjsf] egfO{ 5 . ljleGg

bnsf g]tf–sfo{stf{nfO{ kf6L{ k|j]z
u/fpFb{ ljKnjn] eg]– olb
sf+ u | ] ; , Pdfn] x ¿n] e' n
;RofPgg eg], dfcf]jfbL;Fusf]
;xsfo{nfO{ csf]{ gofF prfO{df
k'¥ofpg pgLx¿ tof/ ePgg
eg], ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfj x}g,
r'gfj cl3 g} g]kfnL hgtfn] n]Vg
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

e|i6frf/df klg g]tfx¿ g} cufl8
sf7df8f} + . 6« f G;k/] G ;L
OG6/g]zgnn] d+unaf/ ;fj{hlgs
u/]sf] …Unf]an s/K;g Jof/f]ld6/
@)!#Ú df g]kfndf ;a}eGbf a9L e|i6
/fhgLlts bnx¿ ePsf] pNn]v
ul/Psf] 5 . e| i 6frf/ ug] { d f
/fhgLlts bnkl5 lghfdtL
sd{rf/Lx¿ e|i6 ePsf] k|lta]bgdf
pNn]v 5 . ;j]{If0fdf ;xefuL &)
k|ltztn] /fhgLlts bnx¿nfO{ e|i6

ePsf] pQ/bftf lyP . of] cl3Nnf]
;j]{If0fsf] t'ngfdf !& k|ltzt a9L
xf] . ;j]I{ f0fdf %* gu/kflnsfsf %#
k|ltzt k'?if tyf $& k|ltzt dlxnf
u/L Ps xhf/nfO{ ;xefuL u/fOPsf]
6«fG;k/]G;L OG6/g]zgn g]kfnsf
cWoIf lji0f'axfb'/ s];Ln] hfgsf/L
lbP . lghfdtL sd{rf/Lx¿ ^^,
k|x/L %*, ;+;b–Joj:yflksf /
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

d"No ?= &.–

k"0f{ ljj/0f k]h # df

jftf{ / cfGbf]ng;“u;“u} M dfcf]jfbL
sf7df8f}F . g]skf–dfcf]jfbLn] xfn}
kf]v/fdf ;DkGg s]lGb|o ;ldltsf]
k"0f{a7} ssf] lg0f{o ;fa{hlgs ub}{ jftf{
/ cfGbf]ngnfO{ ;Fu} n}hfg] atfPsf] 5 .
aftf{nfO{ cuf8L a9fpg dfcf]jfbLn]
cWoIf df]xg j}B ls/0fsf] g]tT[ jdf
kfFr;b:oLo pRr:t/Lo jftf{ 6f]nL u7g
u/]sf] 5 . h;df pkfWoIf ;LkL uh'/n]
uf}/a, dxf;lrj /fdaxfb'/ yfkf afbn
/ ;lrjåo g]qljqmd rGb ljKnj /
b]j u'?ª ;b:o /x]sf 5g\ . dfcf]jfbLn]
jftf{;uF } ;fpg !) af6 r'gfj alxisf/
cleofg rnfpg] 3f]if0ff ;d]t u/]sf]
5 . dfcf]jfbLn] kqsf/ ;Dd]ng u/L
lgzt{ jftf{sf] 6]andf a;]/ ;a} ljifodf
5nkmn ug{ tof/ /x]sf] eGb} pRr:t/Lo
jftf{ 6f]nL u7gsf] 3f]if0ff u/]sf] xf] .
…xfdLnfO{ ;/sf/ / ;ldltaf6 jftf{sf
nflu cfXjfg x'bF } cfPsf] 5 . xfdLn]
;t{/fv]sf lyof},+ Tof] cfˆgf] 7fpFdf 5 .
t/, xfdL ca jftf{ ug{ tof/ x'G5f}+ .
/fhgLlts ;ldlt ;a};uF klg jftf{
u5f}ÚF . ;/sf/;Fu klg jftf{ ug{klg
tof/ 5f}Ú+ ls/0fn] eg]– …t/, jftf{df
;t{ g/flvof];,\ d+l;/ $ ut]sf] r'gfj

gdfgL jftf{ x'bF g} elgPsf] 5, xfdL Tof]
dfGb}gf}+ . d+l;/ $ ut] vf/]h x'gk' 5{ .Ú
;fy} pgn] cfk"m;Fu} cfGbf]ng/t bnnfO{
klg jftf{df ;xefuL u/fpg dfu u/] .
/0fgLltdf b[9tf / sfo{gLltdf nrstf
ckgfpg] /0fgLlt cg';f/ g} jftf{sf nflu
nlrnf] ePsf] dfcf]jfbLn] hgfPsf] 5 .
dfcf]jfbLn] oyfl:yltdf x'g] r'gfj eg]

;lqmo / ;zSt alxisf/ ug]{ atfPsf]
5 . …xfdLn] lgjf{rg lg/k]If¿kdf
alxisf/ ug{ eg]sf x}gf}Ú+ ls/0fn] eg]–
…!! a'bF ] ;xdlt / afwf c8\sfp km'sfpm
cfb]z, k|wfgGofofwLzsf] g]tT[ jdf ;/sf/
vf/]h x'gk' 5{ / ;j{IfLo uf]nd]r ;ef
u/] bnx¿aLraf6 /fli6«o ;/sf/
agfOof];\ eg]sf 5f}+ . xfd|f] s'/fnfO{ k'/}

GofofwLznfO{ 8n/sf] v]lt ug{ /f]s nufOg]

sf7df8f} F . GofofwLzx¿
sfof{nosf] sfd 5f8]/ 8n/sf] v]lt
ug{ /fli6«o tyf cGt/f{li6«o ;+:yfsf
sfo{ q mddf ;xefuL x' g ] qmd
aflSnPsf] eGb} o:tf sfo{df /f]s
nufpg ;jf] { R r k| z f;g /
Gofokflnsfsf kfF r cf] 6 f 6« ] 8
o'lgogx¿n] ;xdlt u/]sf] atfOPsf]
5 . of] ;xdltkl5 ca GofofwLz /
cbfntdf sfo{/t ljlzi6 >]0fLsf
kbflwsf/LnfO{ u}/;/sf/L ;+:yfsf
sfo{qmddf ;xefuL x'g /f]s nufOg]
ePsf] 5 . cfa GofofwLz /
cbfntdf sfo{/t ljlzi6 >]0fLsf
kbflwsf/Lx¿ tflnd lbg] / sfo{kq
k]; ug]{ gfddf sfof{no ;dodf
PghLcf], cfO{PghLcf]sf] sfo{qmddf
;xefuL x'g k"0f{tof aGb]h nufOg]
;jf]{Rr k|zf;gn] hgfPsf] 5 .
cbfnt / 6«8] o'lgogaLr u}/;/sf/L
;+:yfsf sfo{qmddf ;xefuL x'g

cbfntsf tkm{af6 dgf]gog u/]/
k7fpg] kl/kf6L;d]t cGTo ug{
;xdlt ePsf] g] k fn lghfdtL
sd{rf/L ;+u7gsf ljefuLo cWoIf
s]bf/ clwsf/Ln] atfP . cbfntdf
ljleGg ljs[lt a9\b} uPsf] eGb}
sd{rf/Lx¿ r/0fa4 cfGbf]ngdf
plqPkl5 laxLaf/ /lh:6« f /
nf]lxtrGb| zfx / kfFr 6«8] o'lgogaLr
%* a'Fb] ;xdlt ePsf] xf] . of]
;xdlt;Fu} cfGbf]ngsf ;a} sfo{qmd
lkmtf{ lnOPsf] to:6«]8 o'lgogx¿n]
hgfPsf 5g\ . ;jf]{Rr cbfntn]
agfPsf] GofofwLz cfrf/;+lxtfdf
;d] t GofofwLzx¿ u} / ;/sf/L
;+:yfsf sfo{qmddf ;xefuL x'g gx'g]
pNn]v 5 . t/, GofofwLzx¿n]
o;sf] pNn+3g ub}{ sfof{no ;dodf
g} o:tf sfo{qmdnfO{ k|fyldstfdf
/fVb} cfPsf lyP . ;jf]R{ r k|zf;gn]
GofofwLz / sd{rf/LnfO{ tf]s]/}

u} / ;/sf/L ;+ : yfsf sfo{ q mddf
k7fpg yfn] k l5 sd{ r f/Lx¿
cfGbf] l nt ag] s f lyP . g] k fn
lghfdtL sd{rf/L ;+u7g, g]kfn
lghfdtL sd{rf/L o'lgog, g]kfn
/fli6«o sd{rf/L ;+u7g, /fli6«o
:jtGq sd{ r f/L ldng s] G b| /
/fi6« ; ] j s sd{ r f/L ;+ u 7gsf
k|ltlglw / /lh:6«f/ zfxaLr ePsf]
;Demf} t fdf /fhkq c+ l st
sd{rf/LnfO{ b'O{ jif{gk'uL cab]lv
hyfefjL ;?jf gug{ ;xdlt klg
ePsf] 5 .
sd{rf/L / cbfnt k|zf;gaLr
;jf]{Rr cbfntsf] 5fkfvfgfaf6
5kfO x' g g;Sg] a fx] s sf ;a}
;fdu|Lx¿ cfÎg} 5fkfvfgfaf6 5kfO
ug{ pNn]v 5 . o;cl3 ;jf]{Rr
k| z f;gn] sld;gsf] v] n df
cbfntsf ;fdu|Lx¿ aflx/sf] k|;
] df
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

cj1f ul/of] / ljb]zL k|ltlqmofjfbLx¿sf]
Ozf/fdf k|lqmof cufl8 a9fOPsf] 5 .
o; cy{df xfdL oyfl:yltdf r'gfjdf
efu lng ;Sb}gf}+ of] Psbd 7Ls / hfoh
5 . …ls/0fn] cfk"mx¿sf] df]rf{df /x]sf
## bn;lxt cfGbf]ng/t zlStnfO{
;xefuL u/fP/ ;j{kIfLo uf]nd]r ;ef
ug{' kg]{ / ToxLFaf6 /fli6«o ;xdltsf]
;/sf/ agfpg] / s;/L ;+ljwfg;efsf]
csf]{ lgjf{rg ug]{ eGg] 6'Ëf] nufpg'kg]{
atfpg'eof] . uf]nd]r ;efdf casf]
;+ljwfg s:tf] agfpg] eGg]af/] ;xdlt
u/] klg ToxLFaf6 ;+ljwfg eg] 3f]if0ff
gug]{ pgsf] egfO 5 .
cWoIf ls/0fn] Pdfcf]jfbL /
g]skf–dfcf]jfbLjLrsf] kf6L{ Pstf xNnf
dfq ePsf] atfP . …dfcf]jfbL;Fu Pstf
x'bF 5
} , xfdLn] Ps eP/ r'gfjdf hfG5f}Ú+
eg]/ Pdfcf]jfbLn] sf+u;
]| Pdfn]nfO{
t;f{pg] sfd dfq u/]sf] ls/0fsf] egfO
5 . kf6L{ Pstfsf nflu /fhgLlts
nfOg, /0fgLlt, sfo{gLlt nufotsf s'/f
ldNg' kg]{ t/ cfk"mx¿sf] ldNg] s'/f
s] x L gePsf] pgn] atfP .
-afF s L ;ft k] h df_

km]l/ ;'? eof]
xltof/sf] v]tL
sf7df8f}+ . laut cf7 jif{bl] v
/f]lsPsf] ;}Go ;xof]u ef/tn] k'gM
;'rf? ug]{ ePsf] 5 . tTsfnLg
/fhf 1fg]Gb|n] ;Qf xftdf lnPkl5
ef/tn] g]kfnL ;]gfnfO{ lbFb} cfPsf]
;}lgs ;xof]u ef/tn] /f]s]sf]
lyof] . ef/tLo Go'h P]h]G;L O08f]
Pl;ogsfcg';f/ g]kfnL ;]gfn]
tTsfn Ps ca{ &^ s/f}8 ¿k}ofF
a/fj/sf] xltof/ vl/bsf nfuL
k| l qmof yfn] s f] 5 . ef/tLo
;~rf/dfWodn] hgfPcg' ; f/
ljb]zdGqL ;ndfg v'l;{bsf] g]kfn
e| d 0fkl5 ef/tn] 3fts /
u}/3fts xltof/sf ;fy} cGo
;}lgs ;fdfu|L cfpFbf] ebf}leq
;'rf? ug{] lg0f{odf ef/t k'u]sf]
xf] . dfcf]jfbL / ;ft /fhgLlts
bnsf] ljrdf ePsf] zflGt
;Demf} t fdf klg zflGtk| l qmof
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

k|x/L g} 7uL wGbfdf d+l;/ $ sf] r'gfj / dfcf]jfbL /0fgLlt

sf7df8f}F . b]zsf] zflGt;'/Iffsf]
lhDdf lnPsf] k|x/Ln] g} k6s–k6s
7lu wGbf ul//x]sf] ;dfrf/x¿ cr]n
afSn} u/L ;'lgg yfn]sf] 5 . o;}
qmddf k| x /Ln] gSsnL g] k fnL
kf;kf]6d
{ f ljb]z uP/ kms{g] qmddf
y'gfdf k/]sf ljb]zL gful/sjf6 nfvf}+
¿k}ofF 7uL u/]sf] v'nf;f ePsf] 5 .
cWofudg ljefusf] y'gj' f sIfsf]
;'/Iffdf vl6PsL k|x/L xjNbf/ x]df
3n]n] adf{af6 lj:yflkt a+unfb]zL
g'/ df]xdbnfO{ k'gM ljb]z k7fOlbg]
k|nf]egdf kf/L 7uL u/]sf] atfOPsf]

5 . hgsk'/ !# wg'iffsf Zofd;'Gb/
;fx t]nLsf] gfdsf] kf;kf]6a{ f6 ;fpbL
c/a uPsf df] x dbnfO{ ToxfF s f]
ljdfg:ynn] …/ª cfO8L k|md sf7df8f}ÚF
eGb} ut df3 !! df lkmtf{ k7fPsf]
lyof] . kmfu'g # df #) xhf/ ¿k}of
w/f}6Ldf ljefuaf6 5'6s
] f df]xDdbnfO{
k'gM ;fpbL lkmtf{ k7fOg] lbg] eGb}
3n]n] & nfv %) xhf/ ¿k}ofF lnP/
7uL u/] s f] kfOPsf] ljefusf
dxflgb]z
{ s z/brGb| kf}8n
] n] atfP .
ljefusf cg';f/ df]xdb adf{af6
la:yflkt cNk;+ V os /f] l xªuf

lgikIf ;dfrf/ / k|:6 ljrf/sf nflu
www
.janakha
bar
.com
www.janakha
.janakhabar
bar.com
x]g{ ge'Ng'xf]nf .

d' ; ndfg x' g . pgn] t] n Lsf]
kf;kf]6d{ f cfkmgf] kmf]6f] 6f;]/ ;fpbL
uPsf lyP . ;fpbLn] gSsnL sfuh
kq eGb} lkmtf{ u/]sf lyP .
w/f}6Ldf 5'6]kl5 lt ljb];LnfO{
ljefuaf6 3n]n] a'em]/ /fhwfgLsf]
a'9flgns07 l:yt cfˆgf] 3/df
/fv]sf] cg';Gwfgaf6 kQf nfu]sf] 5 .
…cfkmgf] 3/df nu]/ k'gM ljb]z k7fO{
lbG5' eGb} 3n] n ] pgnfO{ kfF r
dlxgf;Dd 3/fo;L sfddf nufP 5g\,
…pgn] eg],Ú dfu]hlt /sd lbP klg
yk 8]9 nfv dfu]5 . oxL k};fdf
ljjfb ePkl5 3n] n ] ljefudf
a'emfpg NofpFbf 7uL u/]sf] v'nf;f
ePsf] xf] .Ú df]xdbn] cfk"m k'gM ljb]z
km{sg ;fpbLdf /x]sf bfO dfkm{t\
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

kf]v/fdf xfn} ;DkGg ePsf]
g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf] bf];f| ] k'0f{ j}7sn]
d+;L/ $ sf] lgjf{rgsf] ;s[o,;zQm
/ ;z:q jlx:sf/ ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf]
5 . of] zfxfl;s lg0f{ o u/] /
dfcf]jfbLn] cfTd;dk{0f xf]Og ls
;+3if{sf] jf6f] /f]Hg] :ki6 ;+st] lbPsf]
5 . of]] dfcf]jfbL lg0f{osf jfjh'b
klg s] d+;L/ $ df r'gfj xf]nf < jf
r'gfjsf] cfj/0fdf csf]{ gofF o'4
xf]nf < ;j{q lh1f;f / rf;f] 5 .
To;}n] of] r'gfjsf] ;s[o,;zQm /

x'g] elgPsf] ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfj
;fdfGo lgoldt r'gfj xf]Og j? of]
t ljlzi6 / ljif]z k|sf/sf] r'gfj

If]Kof:q ax;
e/t ad /0fjL/

;z:q jlx:sf/ lsg, s] sf nflu
s;/L ul/g]5 < ;+lIfKt l6Kk0fL ug{
h?/L 5 .
slDtdf ;j} g]kfnLx¿nfO{ /fd|/L
s] yfxf 5 eg] cfufdL d+;L/ $ df

xf] . lsgeg] g]kfndf Ps k6s
;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfj eP/ Tof]
c;kmn ePsf]5, . of] c;kmntfsf]
;ldIff ug{ lsg sf]lx tof/ 5}gg <
of] bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfj !@

j'Fb] ;dembf/L / lj:t[t zflGt
;+Demf}tf4f/f to ePsf] /fhg}lts
sf]if{s} lg/Gt/tf xf] jf gofF /fhg}lts
sf]if{ xf] < lsg sf]lx :ki6 elg/x]sf
5}gg < xfd|f] ljZn]if0f / k|Zg 5ls
of] k'/fg} /fhg}lts sf]if{sf] lg/Gt/tf
xf] eg] jf:tljs dfcf]jfbLnfO{ jflx/
/fv]/ Tof] s;/L ;+Dej 5 < clg
k'/fgf] sf]if{sf] ck'0f{tf / sdhf]/L s]
xf] < h;n] d'n pb]Zo g} xfF;Ln gul/
c;kmn eof] . of] c;kmntfsf] ;ldIff
g} gu/L lsg bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;efsf]
r'gfj < of] bf];f| ] ;+ljwfg;ef ;kmn
x'g] ;'q s] 5 < olb xf]Og{ of] ;+;bLo
dfcf]jfbL;lxtsf] gofF /fhg}lts sf]if{
xf] / o;df jf:tljs dfcf]jfbLnfO{
d'n k|ltkIf jf r'gf}tL s/f/ u/]/
;s] p;nfO{ ;+;f]wgjfbL dfcf]jfbLsf]
nfO{gdf Nofpg] geP /fHozlQmsf]
k| o f] u u/] / 7] u fg nufpg] ;f/
cGt{ l glxt 5 eg] Tof] sf] i f{ d f
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

ltdL ltd|f] tl/sfn] n8, xfdL xfd|f] tl/sfn] n8\5f}

– s= dfcf]T;] t'ª

jif{ ^, c+s #*
&)
#*,, c;f/ #) ut] cfOtaf/ @)
@)&) 

;DkfbsLo

bn / g]tfx¿sf] gfnfosLkg
of] xKtf 6«fG;k/]G;L OG6/g]zgnsf] Unf]jn s/K;g Jof/f]ld6/
@)!# n] g]kfndf ;jf{lws e|i6 lgsfodf g]kfnsf] /fhgLlts
bn / Ps lbg] e|d0fsf nflu cfPsf ef/tLo ljb]zdGqL ;ndfg
v'l;{bnfO{ e]6g\ g]kfnsf k"jk{ w| fgdGqLx¿ nsf]{ nfu]/ k'us
] f]
36gfdf ;a}sf] l6Kk0fLn] r'lnof] . b]zdf nf]stGq cfO;s]sf]
cj:yfdf nf]stGqnfO{ ;+:yfut ug{ g;Sg] g]kfnsf /fhgLlts
bn / e|i6frf/df r'nD{' d 8'as
] f g]tfx¿dfly hgtfn] of] k6s
a9L g} cfqmf]z kf]v] . /fi6«, /fli6«otf / /fli6«o :jfwLgtfsf]
uLt ufP/ gyfSg] bn / g]tfx¿ cfk\mgf] bn / JolQmut
:jfy{k"lt{sf nflu slt lgn{Hh x'g;S5g\ eGg] ef/tLo
ljb]zdGqL v'l;{bsf] e]6df nfd nfu]sf g]tfx¿nfO{ x]bf{ 5n{u+
g} x'G5 . g]kfn ;/sf/sf k"j{k|wfgdGqL k'iksdn bfxfn,
afa'/fd e§/fO{, z]/axfb'/ b]pjf, emngfy vgfn ef/tLo
ljb]zdGqL ;ndfg v'l;{bnfO{ e]6g pgL a;]sf] xf]6n åfl/sfdf
nsf]{ nfu]/ k'u] . Ps lbg] e|d0fdf sf7df8f}F cfPsf v'l;{bnfO{
e]6g\ hfg g]kfndf k"jk{ w| fgdGqLsf] dof{bfqmdn] ldN5 ls
ldNb}g, of] k|Zg clxn] hf]8tf]8n] pl7/x]sf] 5 . cfk\mgf]
:jfledfg / kbLo cf]xf]bfnfO{ aGwsL /fv]/ kl5Nnf] r/0fdf
g]tfx¿n] h'g sfd u/] o;n] b]z / hgtfsf] lz/ lgx'l/Psf]
5 . /fi6«, /fli6«otf / nf]stGqsf] gfddf b]z / hgtfdfly
cfk\mgf] :jfy{ nfb\g] g]tfx¿sf] rl/q ca ab\lng} k5{ .
kl5Nnf] ;dodf 6«fG;k/]G;L OG6/g]zgnsf] k|ltj]bg / ef/tLo
ljb]zdGqL ;ndfg v'l;{bsf] g]kfn e|d0f k|s/0faf6 ca
g]tfx¿n] kf7 l;Sg h?/L 5 . kl5Nnf] r/0fdf b]zsf
/fhgLlts bn / tLgsf g]tfx¿k|lt hgtfsf] ljt[i0f a9\b} uPsf]
5 . t;y{, b]zdf /fhgLlt u5',{ b]z / hgtfsf] nflu sfd u5'{
eGg] /fhgLlts bnx¿n] t'?Gt} ;lRrg cfjZos 5 . kl5Nnf]
r/0fdf hgtfn] /fhgLlts bn / tLgsf g]tfx¿k|lt hfx]/ u/]sf]
ljt[i0ffnfO{ dWogh/ ub}{ bn / g]tfx¿ cfTdcfnf]lrt x'bF } b]z
/ hgtfsf] lglDt Pstfa4 eO{ ;xdlt / ;xsfo{sf ;fy jt{dfg
;+s6 lgsf;sf] lglDt tTk/ x'gk' 5{ . cGoyf hgtfsf] ljt[i0ff
r'lnFb} hfG5 . hgtf ?i6 ePeg] s] u5{g, Tof] /fhgLlts bn
/ g]tfx¿nfO{ l;sfO/xg'kg]{ ljifo xf]Og .

xf]:6ndf nfu" cf}ifwsf] sf/f]af/
sf7df8f}F . k|x/Ln] sf7df8f}Fsf]
y6 bLk JjfOh xf]:6]naf6 nfu"
cf}ifw;lxt @ hgfnfO{ kq]msf] 5 .
kl5Nnf] ;do xf]:6nx¿df lgu/fgL
a9fPsf] k|x/Lsf] nfu" cf}ifw lgoGq0f
Ao"/f]n] afg]Zj/sf] ;+udrf]sdf /x]sf]
xf]:6naf6 !) u|fd v}/f] x]/f]Og;lxt
g]kfnu~hsf df]xdb cxdb cG;f/L
/ s} n fnL ljsf;k' / sf lg/fhg
zfxnfO{ kq]msf] xf] . zfx ljBfyL{ /
cG;f/L nfu" cf}ifw cf];f/ k;f/ ug]{

JolSt ePsf] k|x/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 .
o:t} Ao"/f]n] x]6f}8fsf gfu/fh eGg]
/fh nfdf tfdfªnfO{ kqmfp u/]sf]
5 . k|x/Ln] pgnfO{ a'kg]| lkm{g @ ;o
PDk'n, 8fOh]kfd @ ;o PDk'n;lxt
yfkfynLaf6 kq]m] sf] xf] . @)^$ ;fn
kmfu'gdf h]n k/]sf pgL b'O{ jif{kl5
l/xf ePsf lyP . h]naf6 5'6]kl5
km]l/ k|ltjlGwt cf}ifwL cf];f/ k;f/df
;+nUg nfdf k|x/Lsf] vf]hLsf] ;"rLdf
lyP .

2

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u )# /f;c nf; )&)@

cfkm}+ wfdL cfkm}+ af]S;L

cd] l /sfl:yt km/] g kf] l n;L
;+:yfn] kmG8 km/ lk; ;+:yf;Fusf]
;xsfo{df ;g\ @)!# sf] ljkmn
/fi6«sf] ;"rsf+s ;e]{If0f tYof+s
;fj{hlgs u/]sf] nuQ} e|i6frf/
la?4 ;xsfo{ ub}{ cfPsf] cGt/f{li6«o
;+:yf 6«fG;k/]G;L OG6/g]zgn g]kfnn]
Unf] a n s/K;g Jof/f] l d6/ lh;LaL_@)!#, ldlt @)&) c;f/
@% df sf7df8f}d
F f ;fj{hlgs u/]sf]
5 . km/]g kf]ln;L ;+:yfn] ljkmn
/fi6«sf] ;"rsf+sdf ;+oS' t /fi6«;3+ sf]
;b:otf k|fKt ;fj{ef}d d'ns
' nfO{ dfq
;dfa] z u/] s f] hgfPsf] 5 .
km]N8:6]6 -c;kmn /fHo_ zLif{sdf
tof/ kfl/Psf] ;fj{hlgs tYof+sdf
blIf0f Pl;ofnL d' n ' s >Ln+ s f,
a+unfb]znufotsf d'n's ;dfa]z
5g\ . ;g\ @)!) sf] tYof+sdf @^
cf}+ gDa/df /x]sf] g]kfn ;g\ @)!!
/ @)!@ df qmdzM @& ,@& gDa/df
/x]sf] tYof+s 5 eg] ;g\ @)!# sf]
kl/0ffddf #) cf}F :yfgdf /x]sf] 5 .
c;kmn /fi6« s f] ;e] { I f0f dfkg
;DalGwt d'n'sn] xfl;n u/]sf]
hg;f+lVos bafa, dfgj clwsf/,
zflGt ;'/Iff, cy{tGq lu/fj6, afXo
x:tIf]k, c;dfg lasfz, ;'/Iff
pks/0f, nf]s;]jf nufotsf !@ a'b+ ]
leGg zLif{snfO{ cfwf/ agfP/ ;j]I{ f0f
u/]sf] 5 . o;/L g]kfn;DaGwL ljljw
laifodf laZjJofkL ;e]{If0f ug]{
;+:yfx¿ c? klg 5g\ . lt ;+:yfsf]
;"rLdf ;d]t g]kfn w]/} kl5 kb}{
cfPsf] tYof+s ;fj{hlgs 5 . clxn]
ev{/} 6«fG;k/]G;L OG6/g];gn g]kfn
RofK6/n] ;fj{hlgs/0f u/]sf] Unf]an
s/K;g Jof/f]ld6/ -lh;LaL_ @)!#
sf], l/kf]6{df g]kfndf ;a}eGbf a9L
e|i6frf/ g]kfnsf /fhgLlts bnx¿
ePsf] pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . x/]s aif{
o:tf cglulGt c;kmntf,
c/fhstfsf l/kf]6x{ ¿ ;fj{hlgs x'g]
u/]sf] 5 t} klg d'n'ssf] ;'zf;gdf
s]lx klg kl/jt{g x'g ;s]sf] 5}g .
PS;kft'nftf]/ gfds j]a cgnfO{gn]
ljZjsf !) ;:tf] ;x/x¿sf] ;"rLdf
sf7df8f}FnfO{ ;dfa]z u/]sf] 5 .
g]kfnsf] af/] 5f]6s/Ldf elgPsf] 5 .

;ftfsf] ax;
5q d}gfnL

g]kfn Ps ;fgf] d'ns
' xf] t/ ljZjsf]
cUnf] r'r/' f] ;u/dfyf cjl:yt 5 .
sf7df8f} F ;d' b | L ;txaf6 lgs}
prfOdf /x]sf] pNn]v ub}{ -slt
prfOdf /x]sf] gv'nfPsf]_ sf7df8f}s
F f]
hg;+Vof ( nfv () xhf/ pNn]v
5 s'n hg;+Vofsf] Ps rf}yfO{
ul/aLsf] /]vfd'gL /x]sf], ;g\ @))*
b]lv $^ k|ltzt a]/f]huf/ sfod
/x]sf] hgfpFb} g]kfnL hghLjg r/d
sl7gfO{sf] ;+1f lbP/ sf7df8f}FnfO{
ljZjsf !) ;:tf] ;x/ dWosf] ;x/df
;'lrs[t u/]sf] 5 . d'ns
' nfdf] ;do
b]lv /fhgLlts ;+qmd0fsfndf u'hb| }
cfPsf] ;j{lalbt} 5 . /fhgLlts 5q
5fofFdf e|i6frf/ s;/L df}nfpFbf]
/x]5 eGg] HjnGt pbfx/0f x'g\
dflysf] tYof+s e|i6frf/ dfkg
d'n'ssf] s'n u|fx{:y cfDbf{gL, vr{,
lasfz cflbnfO{ cfwf/ agfP/ ul/G5
aif]g{ L lasfz lgdf{0fsf gfddf 5'l§g]
ah]6sf] d'Nof+sg ug]{ xf] eg] e|i6frf/
s'g ¿k / slt kl/0ffddf x'g] ub{5,
w]/n
} ] ;xh} cg'dfg nufpg ;Sb5g .
7'nf 7'nf kl/of]hgf nufot ;8s
lgdf{0f, dd{t ;Def/df x'g] e|i6frf/,
;8s lkr u/]sf] ;ftf glaTb} lkr
pKsg], ;ftf glaTb} lkr ;8sdf
b' a f] pd| g ] , ;fj{ h lgs ejgx¿
rls{g', kflg r'lxg' cflb e|i6frf/sf]
7f]z k|lts xf] . ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f
u/]/ OdfGbfl/tfsf ;fy sdfO{ ug]{
xf] / jf:tljs hLjgofkg ug]{ xf]
eg] /fhwfgLdf eAo dxn v8f
ug{;Sg] x}l;ot cf}n
+ fdf uGg ;lsg]
afx]ssf] kx'r
F k'Ug ;Sb}g e|i6frf/sf]
gd'gf ;a}sf ;fd' v8f 5 . Oltxf;df
g]kfn k|x/Ldf 36]sf] ;'8fg e|i6frf/
sf08 lgSs} rlr{t /Xof] . pSt
e|i6frf/ sf08df /fhgLlts ;+nUgtf
lyof] eGg] cem} ;' l gG5 . t/
/fhgLlts g] t [ T jnfO{ g5f] P /
tNnf]txsf pkNnf] bhf{df /xg]x¿
bf]ifL s/f/ ePsf 5g\ . b]vfj6L ;To,

;]jf, ;'/Ifgdsf] kljq dGq hKb} leq
leq cs't ;DklQ cfh{g ug{] nfn;f
af]s]sfx¿ e|i6frf/df lnKt eP/
/ftf/ft s/f]8klt aGg] ;kgfdf
cfbz{ / d"Nosf] ;Ldf eTsfP/ gj
wgf9\o aGg s] vf]h]sf lyP . yf]/}
eg] klg b]z / hgtfk|lt vfPsf]
;kyn] kf]n/] ;hfosf] efuL agfPsf]
5 . g]kfn k|x/Lsf] Oltxf;df ;'8fg
3f]6fnf sf08 ;bfsf] nflu sfnf]
wJafsf] ¿kdf /xL /xg]5 . lgjt{dfg
k|wfgdGqL 8fS6/ afa'/fd e§/fO{
g]t[Tj ;/sf/sf] dlGqd08nsf Ps
;b:on] lasfz lgdf{0fsf] ah]6df
k|rlnt sfg'gd} gePsf] Ps k|ltzt
sldzgsf] dfu /fv]/ of]hgfx¿
:jLs[t gu/]sf] va/ 5tf5'Nn ePsf]
lyof] . va/ 5tf5'Nnsf] k|efjn]
of]hgfx¿ lgoldt :jLs[t ePsf]
36gf glh/ ag] / a;] s f] 5 .
e|i6frf/ s;/L x'bf] /x]5 eGg]
e|i6frf/ la/f]wL c;n zf;gsf
cWoIf s]bf/ v8sfnfO{ tTsflng
afl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ dGqL n]v/fh
e§s} ;fd'Gg]df k]6«f]lnod l8n;{
c;f]l;P;gsf cWoIfn] ;fj{hlgs
¿kdf xftkft u/]sf] va/ ;g;gL
km} l nPsf] lyof] . of] ljs[ l tn]
;/sf/sf] wHhL dfq p8]sf] lyPg
;fv klg lbgk|ltlbg lub}{ uPsf] lyof]
. sfg'gL zf;gsf] 7f8f] pNn+3g x'bF f
;d]t lg/Lx ag]/ nfrf/ k|s6 u/]sf
lyP . tTsflng dGqL dxf]bon],
lgjt{dfg >d dGqL s'df/ a]naf;]n]
cfˆgf ;xof]uLdfkm{t\ v'n]cfd 3";
n]gb]gsf] 6]k /]s8{;lxtsf] ;dfrf/
;fj{hlgs eof] . tTsflng k|wfgdGqL
8fS6/ afa'/fd e§/fO{n] dGqL kbaf6
/flhgfdf lbg lgb]z
{ g ePkZrft
/flhgfdf r9fP/ alxl/gf ;fy rf]vf]
b]Vg] . /fHo ;+oGq slt sdhf]/ /
lg/Lx 5 eGg] k'li6 x'G5 cyjf /fHo
;+oGqnfO{ slt sdhf]/ agfP/ /fv]sf
/x]5g\ . gofF g]kfn lgdf{0fsf] u'•L

xfFSg]x¿n], /f}tx6 lhNnfaf6 tTsflng
;+lawfg;ef ;b:o kbdf lahoL
aag l;+xn] lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no
/f}tx6 ;fd'Gg] lasfz lgdf{0fdf x'g]
r/d e|i6frf/ lgoGq0fsf] dfu /fv]/
cg;g a;]sf lyP t/ Tof] cfGbf]ngn]
d"t¿
{ k lng kfPg . o:tf cglulGt
36gf 5g\ . h'g k|ltlglw 36gfsf
kfq aGg k'u]sf 5g\ . d'n'sdf
cl:y/tf sfod u/]/ v'nc
] fd d'ns
'
n'6g\ ] sfd ePsf] 5 . t}klg gofF
g]kfnsf] /6fg nfpg 5f8]sf 5}gg\ .
s;/L ;'zf;g ;Dej b]Vb} 5g\ < o:tf]
c:tJo:t e|i6frf/n] r'nD{' d 8'as
] f]
cj:yfdf e|i6frf/s} ;Gbe{df l5d]sL
d'ns
' ef/tdf of]uu'? /fdb]jb]lv
ufGwLjfbL cleoGtf cGgf xhf/];Ddn]
e|i6frf/lj?4sf] cleofg cufl8
a9fpb} cfPsf 5g\ . e|i6frf/la?4sf]
of] cleofgnfO{ ef/tLo hgtfn]
:jtk" m t{ ;dy{ g u/] s f 5g\ .
6«fG;k/]G;L OG6/g];gnsf] ;g\ @)!@
cjfwf/0ff ;"rsf+sdf ef/tdf uPsf]
b'O{ ;fneGbf ut aif{ e|i6frf/ a9]sf]
tYof+sdf pNn]v 5 . e|i6frf/ lj?4sf]
ljZjJofkL cleofg rn]sf] kl5Nnf]
l;nl;nfcGtu{ t cd] l /sL zx/
Go'of]sl{ :yt jfnl:6«6 sAhf u/f}F eGg]
;fd'lxs cleofgk|lt ljZjel/af6
;dy{g h'6b\ } uPsf] lyof] . t/ clxn]
Tof] cleofg cl:tTjdf b] l vGg
ljZjJofkL ¿kdf /x]sf] wgL /
ul/aaLrsf] vf8n olt w] / }
km/flsnf] xF'b} uO/x]sf] 5 . h;n]
;a}nfO{ cfˆgf] xs / clwsf/, k|lt
Ps k6s ;f]Rg afWo kf/]sf] 5 eGg]
r]tgf hufpb} cfPsf lyP . clxn]
d'ns
' df cfkm}F wfdL cfkm}F af]S;L eGg]
egfO phfu/ aGb} uPsf] 5 . d'n's
lgdf{0f u5{ eg]/ ;ky lnPsfx¿
lakl/t af6f]df nfu]/ st{JoRo"t
aGb} uPsf 5g\ . x'Fbfx'Fbf cfˆgf]
dof{bfnfO{ ;d]t Vofn ug{ g;Sg]
u/L dfgl;s larng cfPsf] cfefif
lbFb} 5g\ . ;fj{ef}d :jtGq d'n'ssf]
lz/ lgx'l/g] u/L cfsfz} v:nf
h;/L x"nsf x"n afFw]/ bz{g e]6
ug{ hfg'n] d'ns
' sf] :jtGq ;fj{ef}d
cl:tTj dfly g} k|Zg p7]sf] 5 .

OG6/g]6df g]kfnL kx'“r Go"g
sf7df8f} F . g] k fn b" / ;~rf/
k|flws/0fsf] kl5Nnf] tYofÍ cg';f/
g]kfndf s'n hg;+Vofsf] @% bzdnj
!# k|ltztn] OG6/g]6 ;]jf k|of]u
ug{] u/]sf] kfOPsf] 5 . g]kfnsf ;o
hgf dWo] @% hgfn] OG6/g]6sf] k|of]u
u5{g\ . OG6/g]6sf u|fxsdWo] $^
k|ltzt g]kfn 6]lnsdsf /x]sf] 5g\ .
6] l nsdsf k| a Gws nf] r gnfn
cdfTon] OG6/g]6 ;]jfsf] $^ k|ltzt
lx:;f 6] l nsdsf] /x] s f] eGb}
ufpFufpF;Dd ;a}eGbf a9L g]kfn
6]lnsdn] g} OG6/g]6 ;]jf k'¥ofO/x]sf]
bfjL u/] . b]ze/df 6]lnsdsf #)
nfv ^% xhf/ % ;o %# hgf
OG6/g]6 k|of]ustf{ 5g\ . g]kfn
b"/;~rf/ k|flws/0fsf] tYofÍ cg';f/
Pg;]nsf #$ nfv $! xhf/ @ ;o
$), o'l6Pnsf (@ xhf/ * ;o !&
/ ljleGg OG6/g]6 ;]jf k|bfossf
*% xhf/ * ;o !& hgf OG6/g]6
k|of]ustf{ 5g\ .
ljZjJofkL ¿kdf OG6/g] 6
k|of]ustf{ dfly ul/Psf] ;j]{If0f
cg' ; f/ eg] g] k fndf jif] { g L (
k|ltztsf] b/n] OG6/g]6 k|of]ustf{
al9/x]sf 5g\ . o;}lar, OG6/g]6 ;]jf
k|bfos sDkgLx¿aLr 8f6f ;]jfdf
k|lt:kwf{ a9\b} uO/x]sf a]nfdf g]kfn
6]lnsd cfqmfds of]hgf Nofpg]

tof/Ldf 5 . 6]lnsdn] gofF Pj+
cfsif{s of]hgf NofP/ 8f6f ;]jfdf
cfˆgf] pkl:ylt alnof] agfpg] nIo
lnPsf] 5 . OG6/g]6 ;]jfsf] g]6js{df
cfjZos ;'wf/ u/L 8f6f ;]jf lj:tf/
ub}{ n}hfg] 6]lnsdsf] of]hgf 5 .
;/sf/L :jfldTjdf /x]sf] g]kfn
6]lnsdn] cfˆgf u|fxsx¿nfO{ w]/}
k|sf/sf OG6/g]6 ;]jfx¿ pknAw
u/fpF b } cfPsf] 5 . 6] l nsdsf
Pl8P;Pn, Olel8cf], ly|hL 8f6f
PrP;kLP Kn;, jfO{DofS;, kmfOa/
OG6/g]6, ly|hL 8f6f PrP;8LkLP,
l8P;Pn OG6/g] 6 , :sfO{ 8f6f,
lhlkcf/P;, 8fon ck OG6/g]6,
jfO{kmfO{ nufPtsf OG6/g]6 ;]jfx¿
pknAw 5g\ . ;]jf lj:tf/ ub}{
uPklg 6]lnsdsf] OG6/g]6 ;]jf
u'0f:t/Lo gePsf] cfd ;j{;fw/0fsf]
rf}tkmL{ u'gf;f] a9\b} uPsf] 5 .
OG6/g] 6 tyf sn ;] j fnfO{
u'0f:t/Lo agfpFb} n}hfg ;'wf/sf
sfdx¿ cuf8L a9fPsf] 6]lnsdsf
dxfk|aGws cd/gfy l;+xn] atfP .
;]jfdf ljljlws/0f ub}{ nu]klg
u'0f:t/df 6]lnsdn] Wofg k'¥ofpg}
;s]sf] 5}g\ . u'0f:t/ ;'wf/ gu/];Dd
;]jf lj:tf/ u/]/ dfq OG6/g]6
k|of]ustf{ a9\g] xf]Og\ . 6]lnsdn]
jfOkmfO{, kmfOa/ 6' xf]d nufPtsf

;]jfx¿ z'? ug{nfu]sf] 5 . To:t},
df] a fOnaf6 rnfOg] OG6/g] 6
hLkLcf/P;, ly|hL / OeL8Lcf] ;]jfdf
%) k};f k|ltd]ufafO6 z'Ns /fv]/
gofF of]hgf Nofpg] 6]lnsdsf] tof/L
5 . kl5Nnf] ;do g]kfnLx¿ 8f6f
;] j fdf cfslift{ x' g yfn] k l5
6]lnsdn] klg 8f6f ;]jfnfO{ cfqmfds
¿kdf lj:tf/ ug{ /0fgLlt agfPsf]
5 . 8f6f ;]jfnfO{ ;a} g]kfnLsf]
kx'Frdf k'¥ofpg ;]jf lj:tf/sf
;fy;fy} z'Nsdf ;d]t s6f}tL ug{
dxfk|aGws l;+xn] atfP . o;cl3
6]lnsdn] h]7 # ut] 8f6f ;]jfx¿sf]
z'Nsdf s6f}tL u/]sf] lyof] . cGo
OG6/g]6 ;]jf k|bfos sDkgLx¿sf]
eGbf 6]lnsdsf] z'Ns sd klg sd
/x]sf] 5 . 6]lnsdn] cem} klg cfˆgf]
;]jfx¿sf] z'Nsdf ef/L s6f}tL ug{
clGtd tof/Ldf 5 .
ly|hL ;]jfnfO{ u'0f:t/Lo agfpg
6]lnsdn] sf7df8f}+ pkTosfdf aL6LP;
6fj/x¿ h8fg ul//x]sf] hgfPsf] 5 .
bz};
+ Dd aL6LP; 6fj/ h8fg sfo{
;ls;Sg] nIo /fv]sf] 6]lnsdn] k'/fgf
aL6LP; 6fj/nfO{ gofF 6fj/;Fu :jflkª
u/]kl5 ly|hL ;]jfdf ;'wf/ cfpg]
ljZjf; lnPsf] 5 . 6]lnsdn] jfOkmfO
x6:k6 ;]jfnfO{ klg b]zsf ljleGg
:yfgdf k'¥ofpg] ePsf] 5 . lqe'jg

ljdfg:yndf Pp6f 6fj/ /fv]/ ;]jf
;'?jft u/]sf] 6]lnsdn] b]zsf ljleGg
$ ;o (( ;o :yfgdf 6fj/ /fv]/
x6:k6 ;]jf pknAw u/fpg] atfPsf]
5 . tTsfnsf nflu ljdfg :yndf
x6:k6 ;]jf lgMz'Ns pknAw u/fpFb}
cfPklg ;]jf lj:tf/ u/]kl5 lglZrt
z'Ns nufpg] 6]lnsdn] hfgsf/L
lbPsf] 5 . z'Ns s] slt nufpg]
eGg] ljifodf 6]lnsdn] cem} s'g} lg0f{o
ul/;s]sf] 5}g\ . cfˆgf] ;]jfk|lt
;j{;fwf/0fsf] u'gf;f] a9\b} uPkl5
6]lnsdn] u'gf;f] ;'gj' fO{ k|0ffnLnfO{
;d]t ;xh agfpg] ePsf] 5 .
6]lnsdn] Pp6} gDa/df kmf]g u/]/
x/]s u'gf;f /fVg ;lsg] ul/ ;]jf
z'? ug{nfu]sf] atfPsf] 5 . Pp6}
gDa/ ! ;o (* af6 ;a} u'gf;f
;'gj' fO{ ug{ / ;'emfj lbg] 6]lnsdn]
atfof] . clxn] km/s km/s u'gf;f
/fVg km/s km/s gDa/df ;Dks{
ug'k{ g]{ x'G5 . 6]lnsdn] kfl/jf/Ls
k|of]usf nflu 8fon ck, lhlkcf/P;,
ly|hL, kL8LP;Pg÷O{lel8of], Pl8P;Pn
/ jfO{DofS; -o"P;aL 8Ëf]n_ ;]jf
pknAw u/fPsf] 5 eg] Joj;foLs
k| o f] h gsf nflu OG6/g] 6 lnh
sg]S6LeL6L, Pl8P;n, jfO{DofS; cfO{8Lo'÷cf]8Lo'_ ;]jf pknAw u/fPsf]
5.
– cGhgf nfld5fg]

3

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u )# /f;c nf; )&)@

Psdfq ljsNk uf]nd]r ;ef

dxfk|ex' ¿sf] O;f/fdf
gfrL/x]sf / k|ltqmflGtsf] bnbndf
km;L/x]sf ;+;bjfbL bnx¿nfO{
pbf/ ug{sf] nflu cj Psdfq
ljsNk uf]nd]r ;ef xf] . uf]nd]r

x'g' /fhgLlts sfo{lbzf k|d'v
sf/0f ag]sf] lyof] . ;a}nfO{
hfgsf/L ePs} s'/f xf] @)$^
;fnsf] kl/jt{gkl5 sfFu|];, Pdfn]
;d]tn] /fhtGqfTds ;+;bLo

hgo'4sf] yfngL u/] kZrft
tTsflng ;Qf ;+rfng ul//x]sf
;+;bjfbL bnx¿;Lt d'Vo
k|ltåGbt . x'g' :jfefljs lyof] .
t/ kbf{k5fl8af6 /fhgLlt

x:taxfb'/ s];L

/fhtGqsf] cGTo u/]/ u0ftGqsf] 3f]if0ff kZrft !@ a'bF ]
;dembf/Lsf] Pp6} 8f]/Ldf afFlwb} cfPsf bnx¿sf aLrdf
;Qf:jfy{sf sf/0f
/fli6«o ;xdltsf] 8f]/L
6'6b\ } hfg yfNof] .
hgtfsf] ;+ljwfg agfpg]
d'Vo sfdnfO{ Psflt/
yGSofpFb} bnx¿
;Qf:jfy{sf] n'4fr'8Ldf
lnKt x'g k'u] ’sfd s'/f]
Psflt/ s'Dnf] af]sL
l7dLlt/“ eg] em}+ ;+ljwfg
lgdf{0f ug]{ sfdnfO{ aLr
af6f]d} ldNsfP/ /ftf/ft
Tolt 7"nf] Tofu, tkZof, alnbfgaf6 k|fKt ;+ljwfg;efnfO{
cj;fg u/fpg k'u/] h'g tyfslyt gofF ;+ljwfg ;efsf]
nflu eGb} r'gfjsf] snflxg gf}6s
+ L gf6s d~rg ug{
yflnof] / To;}df rf/ ;+;bjfbL bnx¿ slyt r'gfjsf]
8Dkm" ahfpFb} gfRg yfn], ToxL laGb'af6} oL /fhgLlts
bnx¿ /fhgLlts ;+s6sf] bnbndf km:g k'us
] f x'g\ .
;ef geP ;Dd oL bnx¿
k|ltqmfGtLsf] bnbndf h'g
tl/sfn] efl;Psf 5g pDsg] csf]{
s'g} pkfo 5}g . uf]nd]r ;efsf]
Ph]G8f g]skf–dfcf]jfbLn] cuf8L
;fb}{ cfPsf] 5 / /fli6«o ;+s6
lgsf;sf] cu|fdL Ph]G8f oxL
uf]nd]r ;ef jGg k'u]sfn]
;+;bjfbL bnx¿ klg g]skf–
dfcf]jfbLsf] k'R5/ ;dft]/ vf]nf]
tg'{sf] ljsNk 5}g . h;/L /fhf
1fg]Gb|n] nTofPsf ;+;bjfbL
bnx¿nfO{ @)^@ ;fndf klg !@
j'bF ] ;dh4f/L4f/f g]skf dfcf]jfbL_ nfO{ pbf/ u/]sf] lyof]
eg] o; kfnf klg k|ltqmfGtL
bnbndf kml; /x]sf] ;+;b
bnx¿nfO{ pbf/ ug]{ g]skf–
dfcf]jfbL jfx]s csf]{ zlQm 5}g .
;+;bjfbL /fhgLlts bnx¿
Pdfcf]jfbL, sfFu|];, Pdfn] / dw]zL
Pskl5 ub}{ pDsg} g;Sg] ul/
/fhgLlts ;+s6sf] bnbndf km:b}
uO/x]sf 5g\ . Ps a]nf b'O{
ljkl/t w'j| df ljeflht eP/ Psn]
csf]{sf] cl:tTj l;Wofpg] ul/
cufl8 al9/x]sf tTsflng): ;ft
/fhgLlts bnx¿ / ljb|f]xL g]skf
-dfcf]jfbL_ nfO{ @)^@ d+;L/ &
ut] ef/tsf] gofF lbNnLdf ;DkGg
!@ a'Fb] ;dembf/Ln] NofPsf] s'/f
;j{ljlbt} 5 . lsgls tTsflng
dfcf]jfbLsf] g]tT[ jdf ;+rflnt
;z:q hgo'4sf] cjlwe/ ljb|f]xL
dfcf]jfbL Pp6f w'j| df / sfFu;
]| ,
Pdfn] ;dt]sf ;+;bjfbL
/fhgLlts bnx¿ csf]{ w'|jdf v8f

ax'bnLo k|hftflGqs ax'bnLo
Joj:yfnfO{ :jLsf/]/ cufl8 a9]sf
lyP . To;} adf]lhdsf] pgLx¿s}
;+nUgtf / ;xof]udf @)$&
;fnsf] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ul/Psf]
lyof] . sfFu|];, Pdfn] ;d]tsf
/fhgLlts bnx¿sf aLrdf ;Qf
;+rfngsf nflu k|ltikwf{Tds ;+3if{
rNg' :jfefljs lyof] . lsg eg] oL
b'j} zlQmn] ax'njfbnfO{ :jlsf/]/
cfPsf lyP, ax'dtsf] ;/sf/ /
cNkdtsf] k|ltkIfLdf /xg]
/fhgLlts d"No / dfGotfx¿nfO{
:jLsf/]/ cfPkl5 k'/fgf] ;+;bLo
k4lt / ax'bnLo zf;g k|0ffnL
cGtu{tsf] l;4fGtdf /x]/
k|ltiwf{Tds /fhgLlts ultljlw
;+rfng ug'{ sfFu;
]| , Pdfn]x¿sf]
d'Vo st{Jo g} lyof] . t/ @)$*
;fndf ;DkGg cfd lgjf{rgdf
;+oQ
' m hgdf]rf{ g]kfnsf] tkm{af6
;+;b leq klg tTsflng Joj:yfs}
e08fkmf]/ ug]{ /0fgLlts sfo{lbzf
agfP/ dfcf]jfbLn] r'gfjnfO{
pkof]u u/]sf] lyof] . ;+;bdf (
;L6 k|fKt u/]/ d'n'ssf] t]>f] 7"nf]
/fhgLlts bn aGg klg ;kmn
ePsf] lyof] tTsflng ;+oQ
' m
hgdf]rf{ g]kfn .
t/ @)$& ;fnsf]
;+ljwfgnfO{ c:jLsf/ ug{ k'us
] f]
dfcf]jfbLn] @)%@ ;fn kmfNu'g !
ut]b]lv æ;fd|fHojfb lj:tf/jfbsf]
cf8e/f];fdf l6s]sf] /fhtGqfTds
ax'bnLo Joj:yfnfO{ Wj+z u/f}+,
hgtfsf] hgjfbL /fHo;Qf :yfkgf
u/f}+ .Æ eGg] d"n gf/fsf ;fy

ul//x]sf] tTsflng /fhtGqn] klg
k'gM ;L/ p7fpg] df}sf kv]{/} a;]sf]
lyof] . @)%* h]7 !( ut]sf]
tTsflng /fhf jL/]Gb|sf] j+zgf;
x'g] ul/ 36fOPsf] b/af/
xTofsf08 kZrft ;Qfl;g
x'gk'u]sf /fhf 1fg]Gb|n] @)%(
c;f]h !* / @)^! df3 !( ub}{
;+;bjfbL bnx¿nfO{ uNxTofP/
kfvf nufpFb} /fhsLo ;Qfsf]
;Dk"0f{ clwsf/ cfkm\gf] xftdf
lnP/ / ;+;bjfbL /fhgLlts
bnx¿ / hgo'4 ;+rfng ul//x]sf]
ljb|f]xL g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_ nfO{
;d]t Pp6} tl/sfn] bdg ug]{ /
l;Wofpg] /0fgLltsf ;fy cl3
a9]kl5 ljb|fx] L g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_ /
;+;bjfbL bnx¿ ef/tLo
lj:tf/jfbsf] dWo:tfdf ;DkGg
ul/Psf] !@ a'Fb] ;dembf/Lsf] Pp6}
dfnfdf pOlgg k'u]sf] oyfy{ s'/f
klg ;j{ljlbt} 5 . ;fy} !@ a'bF ]
;dembf/Lsf] Pp6} 8f]/Ln] ljb|f]xL
dfcf]jfbL / ;+;bjfbL bnx¿nfO{
!@ a'Fb] ;dmebf/Lsf] Pp6} 8f]/Ln]
s:g] jftfj/0f lgdf{0f ePkl5
@))& ;fnb]lv g} g]kfnL hgtfn]
p7fpFb} cfPsf] ;+ljwfg;efsf]
Ph]08f /fli6«o Ph]08f aGg k'Uof] .
lsgls hgo'4s} k|lqmof cGtu{t
zflGt jftf{ dfkm{t v'nf
/fhgLltdf cfpg rfx]sf]
dfcf]jfbLn] ;/sf/;Fu ePsf @
j6f zflGtsf] 6]an
' df clGtd
a6dnfOgsf] ¿kdf k|:t' t ul/Psf]
;+ljwfg ;efsf] Ph]08fnfO{
;+;bjfbL bnx¿n] c:jLsf/

u/]kl5 b'j} k6s dfcf]jfbL k'gM
o'4df kms]{sf] s'/f klg ljlbt} 5 .
;+ljwfg;efsf] Ph]08fdf ljb|fx] .
dfcf]jfbL / ;+;bjfbL bnx¿
;xdt x'g' !@ a'Fb] ;dembf/Lsf]
d'Vo pknlAw lyof] . zflGt
k|lqmofsf cGo Ph]08f / a'Fbf t
o;} cGtu{t xnug]{ s'/f g} eof] .
kl/0ffotM @)^$ r}q @* ut]
klxnf] ;+ljwfg ;efsf] P]ltxfl;s
lgjf{rg ;DkGg eof] . /, @)^%
h]7 !% ut] a;]sf] ;+ljwfg
;efsf] klxnf] a}7sn] @$) jif]{
zfxj+;Lo ;fdGtL /fhtGqnfO{
cGTo u/]/ u0ftGqsf] 3f]if0ff ug{
;lsof] . /fhtGqsf] cGto ug'{
/fhgLlts bnx¿sf] lglDt
;a}eGbf 7"nf] pknlAw lyof] .
/fhtGqsf] cGTokl5 g]kfnn] Pp6f
gofF o'udf k|j]z u¥of] . / g]kfnL
hgtfsf] gofF g]kfn lgdf{0fsf
;'Gb/ ;kgfx¿ ;fsf/ t'Nofpg]
;'gf}nf] 9f]sf v'Ng k'Uof] . of] g}
;a}eGbf v'zLsf] s'/f lyof] .
lsgls g]kfnL hgtfsf] 7"nf] Tofu
tkZof / alnbfgaf6 dfq} of] gf}nf]
o'usf] ;[li6 ePsf] lyof] .
ju{ljeflht g]kfnL
;dfhdf lgdf{0f x'g k'us
] f
/fhgLlts bnx¿n] cf cfkm\gf]
ju{sf] /fhgLlts k|ltlglwTj ug'{ /
cfkm\gf nIo, p2]Zo, sfo{qmd /
sfo{lbzfsf cfwf/df cufl8 a9\g'
:jfefljs dfq} xf]Og pgLx¿fs]d
'Vo st{Jo klg xf] . t/ !@ a'Fb]
;dembf/L /fli6«o ;xdlts}
cfwf/df lgdf{0f ul/Psf] xf] .
/fli6«o ;xdlts} cfwf/d} cGtl/d
;+ljwfg @)^# hf/L ul/Psf] xf] .
/fli6«o ;xdlts} cfwf/df
P]ltxfl;s ;+ljwfg ;efsf] r'gfj
;DkGg eof] / /fhtGqsf] cGTosf]
3f]if0ff u/]/ u0ftGqsf] :yfkgf ug]{
P]ltxfl;s sfo{;Dej eof] . Pj+
k|sf/n] /fli6«o ;xdlts} cfwf/df
zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ clGtd 6Q:'+uf]
nufpg] / /fli6«o ;xdlts}
cfwf/d tf]lsPs} cjlw leq
g]kfnL hgtfsf] efjgf / rfxgf
adf]lhd tyf /fi6«sf] cfjZostf
adf]lhd gofF ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ul/
5f8\g] sfo{df /fhgLlts bnx¿
Ps} 7fpFdf /xL/xg' kYof]{ . t/
/fhtGqsf] cGTo u/]/ u0ftGqsf]
3f]if0ff kZrft !@ a'Fb]

;dembf/Lsf] Pp6} 8f]/Ldf afFlwb}
cfPsf bnx¿sf aLrdf
;?Qf:jfy{sf sf/0f /fli6«o
;xdltsf] 8f]/L 6'6\b} hfg yfNof] .
hgtfsf] ;+ljwfg agfpg] d'Vo
sfdnfO{ Psflt/ yGSofpFb} bnx¿
;Qf:jfy{sf] n'4fr'8Ldf lnKt x'g
k'u] / æsfd s'/f] Psflt/ s'Dnf]
af]sL l7dLlt/Æ eg] em}+ ;+ljwfg
lgdf{0f ug]{ sfdnfO{ aLr af6f]d}
ldNsfP/ /ftf/ft Tolt 7"nf] Tofu,
tkZof, alnbfgaf6 k|fKt
;+ljwfg;efnfO{ cj;fg u/fpg
k'u/] h'g tyfslyt gofF ;+ljwfg
;eff] nflu eGb} r'gfjsf] snflxg
gf}6s
+ L gf6s d~rg ug{ yflnof] /
To;}df rf/ ;+;bjfbL bnx¿
slyt r'gfjsf] 8Dkm" ahfpFb} gfRg
yfn], ToxL laGb'af6} oL /fhgLlts
bnx¿ ;+sf /fhgLlts ;+s6sf]
bnbndf km:g k'us
] f x'g\ .
ljBdfg /fhgLlts
;+s6sf] bnbnaf6 oL rf/
/fhgLlts bnx¿ pDsG ;Sg]
cj:yf 5}g lsg eg] rf/ bnLo
l;08Ls]6 sfod u/]/ hg' !! a'bF ]
;Demf}tf / @% a'Fb] cfb]z hf/L
ul/Psf], o;n] ;+ljwfgnfO{ klg
tf]8d/f]8 ul/Psf] 5 / d'n'snfO{
c;+j}wflgs af6f]df ws]lnPsf] 5 .
/ bnx¿sf] /fhgLlts clwsf/nfO{
lvn/fh /]UdL g]t[Tj u/]sf]
sd{rf/LtGq cGtu{tsf] lgb{nLo
;/sf/nfO{ ;'lDkPsf] 5 . 7"nf
elgPsf rf/ bnLo u7aGwgsf]
cx+sf/ / bfbflu/L s} cfwf/df
c/fhgLlts !! a'Fb] ;Demf}tf
sfod u/]/ cGo s/Lj tLg
bh{geGbf al9 bnx¿nfO{ kfvf
nufP/ c/fhgLlts tyf
c;+j}wflgs sbdx¿nfO{ cufl8
a9fpg] sfd eO/x]sf] 5 . oL
sbdx¿sf lj?4 pq]sf bnx¿n]
;8s ;+3if{nfO{ ttfO/x]sf 5g\ .
oL lj/f]wL bnx¿nfO{ ;xdt /
;xefuL gu/fO{ ;+ljwfg;ef
r'gfjsf] s'g} ;Defjgf 5}g . zlQm
/ ;Qfsf] andf k]n]/
;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfj x'g} ;St}g .
lsgeg] of] ;+;bLo Joj:yf
cGtu{t ul/g] cfjlws lgjf{rg
xf]Og . of] r'gfjn] t hgtfsf]
;+ljwfg agfpg] / gofF g]kfn
lgdf{0fsf] g]kfnL hgtfsf] ;'Gb/
;kgfnfO{ ;fsf/ t'Nofpg] xf] .

eGg ;lsG5, log}
ljlwsf/0f / ultljlwx¿sf sf/0fn]
bnx¿ ;+s6sf] bnbndf g/fd|/L
km;L ;s]sf 5g\ . !! a'Fb] ;Demf}tf,
@% a'Fb] cfb]z kq, lvn/fh
;/sf/sf] ===========/ slyt
;+ljwfg;efsf lgjf{rgsf ;a}
k|lqmofx¿sf] vf/]h gu/];Dd
cfGbf]ng/t /fhgLlts bnx¿
r'gfjL k|lqmofdf ;fd]n x'g] s'g}
;Defjgf g} 5}g . g]skf –dfcf]jfbL
nufot ## bnx¿n] lgjf{rg
cfof]udf bnbtf{ g} u/fPsf 5}gg .
of] tl/sfn] oL c;Gt'i6 bnx¿
;/sf/ / rf/ bnLo ;+oGqn]
af]nfPsf] jftf{df klg s'g} xfntdf
hfg] jfnf 5}gg\ . oL 36gfqmdx¿n]
;Qf?9 rf/ bnn] / lgb{nLo
lvn/fh ;/sf/ aLrsf]
c;Dembf/Lsf] b'/L emg 6fFl9b}5 .
of] ;To s'/f xf] ls
lj/f]wdf plq/x]sf /fhgLlts
bnx¿fnO{ ;xdtdf gNofP;Dd
d+;L/df 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] lgjf{rg
s'g} klg cj:yfdf ;DkGg x'g] jfnf
5}g . To;kl5 lvn/fh ;/sf/sf]
cfo' klg ;dfKt x'g]5 . Tolta]nf
c;+j}wflgs ljlwaf6 ag]sf]
lvn/fh ;/sf/n] x6 eGg]ljlQs}
x6\g] klg 5}g . To; cj:yfdf rf/
bnsf ;fd' g r'gfj g ;/sf/sf]
cj:yf ;[hgf x'g]5 . rf/ bn /
lgb{nLo lvn/fh ;/sf/s} aLrdf
åGå k}bf x'g] kSsf 5 . To;
ultljlwn] slyt gofF
;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfjsf] 3f]if0ff
kfgLsf kmf]sf ;/x aGg] 5 . clxn]
ljkl/t w'|jdf v8f x'g k'u]sf
/fhglts bnx¿nfO{ k'gM Ps
7fpFdf Nofpg] cfjZostf a9\g]
5 . nfUb5 To; jftfj/0fn] k'gM
!@ a'Fb] ;dmebf/L h:t} csf]{
pkoQm ;Demf}tfsf] efu ug]{ 5 .
of] /fli6«o ;xdltsf] k|d'v cfwf/
aGg] 5 . ;+ljwfgsf nflu k'gM
;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfjdf hfg] ;/n
jftfj/0f aGg] 5 . of] eGbf km/s
tl/sfn] /fli6«o ;xdlt sfod x'g
;St}g . /fli6«o ;xdltsf] ljsNk
klg 5}g . bnbndf km;L/x]sf
bnx¿sf] p4f/sf] lglDt klg
/fli6«o ;xdltsf] ljsNk 5}g .
-n]vs M g]skf– dfcf]jfbLsf
s]lGb|o ;Nnfxfsf/ P+j s]lGb|o kf6L{
:s'n ljefusf ;lrj x'g ._

of] ;To s'/f xf] ls lj/f]wdf plq/x]sf
/fhgLlts bnx¿nfO{ ;xdtdf gNofP;Dd
d+;L/df 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] lgjf{rg s'g} klg
cj:yfdf ;DkGg x'g] jfnf 5}g . To;kl5
lvn/fh ;/sf/sf] cfo' klg ;dfKt x'g5
] .
Tolta]nf c;+jw} flgs ljlwaf6 ag]sf] lvn/fh
;/sf/n] x6 eGg]ljlQs} x6\g] klg 5}g . To;
cj:yfdf rf/ bnsf ;fd' g r'gfj g ;/sf/sf]
cj:yf ;[hgf x'g5
] . rf/ bn / lgb{nLo
lvn/fh ;/sf/s} aLrdf åGå k}bf x'g] kSsf
5 . To; ultljlwn] slyt gofF ;+ljwfg;efsf]
r'gfjsf] 3f]if0ff kfgLsf kmf]sf ;/x aGg] 5 .

4

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u )# /f;c nf; )&)@

uf]nd]r ;Dd]ngsf] tof/L / lhDd]jf/L
;fj{ef}d hgtfsf] cledtnfO{
j]jf:tf ub}{ blno :jfly{ rl/q
b]vfpFb} ;do nDJofP/ ;Qf / eQfdf
/hfFO{ ug{ ;xdlt gfdsf] em'7f ;fx/f
lng yfn] kZrft lg/y{s x'bF } uPsf]
;+ l jwfg ;efnfO{ cbfntsf]
x:tIf]kjf6 :jt ;dfKt x'g] cj:yfdf
k'¥ofof] . t/ k|wfgdlGq 8f= afj'/fd
e§/fO{n] @) ldg]6 cufl8 lj36g
u/L PsfPs csf{] ;+lawfg ;efsf]
3f]if0ff u/]sf] 36gfn] ljjfbsf] ljifo
jgfO{ lbPsf] lyof] . hgtfsf] ;jf]R{ r
lgsfonfO{ ;jf{R] r cbfntsf] km};nf
adf]lhd cj;fg u/fO{ cfufdL bf]>f]
;+ljwfg ;efdf ;d]t rf/ bnsf]
l;l08s]6sf] cfwf/af6 k'g csf{]
/fi6«3ftL ;+lawfg ;efsf] gf6s
d~rg ul/b} 5 eg] csf] { t km{
c;+jw} fgLs tyf cnf]stflGqs tj/n]
!! j'bF ] ;xdtL tyf @% j'bF ] jfwf
c8sfp km'sfp cfb]zdf l;ldt
JolQmx¿sf] O{R5fdf jf ;/sf/nfO{
O{R5f nfUof] eGb}df ;+ljwfg ;efsf]
lgjf{ r g ug{ ;Sg] clwsf/
/xb}g .hf/Djf/sf] c;kmntf kl5
klg ToxL c;kmntfnfO{ bf]xf]¥ofO{ /xg]
k|j[lQaf6 x/]s % jif{df ;+ljwfg
;efsf] lgjf{rg ug{ kg]{ cj:yf cfpg
;Sb5 eGg] cfz+sf /x]sf] cj:yfdf
rf/bnsf] :jfy{ k"lt{ ug{ ;Qf /
eQfdf /hfO{ ug{ hgtfn] dtbfg
ug]{ xf]O{g eGg] r]tgf hgtfdf
hflu;s]sf] 5 .
ljb]zL zlQmsf] rnv]ndf kmF;]/
e| l dt x' g k' u ] s fn] ] s' g } 7f] ;
;sf/fTds lgsf; lgsfNg g;s]sf
rf/ bn tyf /fi6«kltsf] ldnf]dtf]df
cGtl/d ;+ l jwfg )^# / zlQm
k[ylss/0fsf] l;4fGt ljkl/tsf]
sbd rfNg] tyf nf] s tGqsf]
cfwf/e"t l;4fGtsf] ;d]t kfngf
gu/]sf] cj:yfdf /fhgLlts bn
nf]stGqsf] b'xfO{ lbO{ ljlwsf] zf;g
:yfkgf ug]{ tyf lgikIf wfFwnL /xLt
r'gfj ug]{ syg s]jn hgtfsf]
efjgf dfly v]njfF8 ul/Psf] s'/f
dfq xf] . o:tf] b':;fx; bnfn ky
tyf pklgj] z jfbdf cfwf/Lt
lg/+s'ztfsf] k/fsfi7f xf] eGg] k'li6

;d;fdlos
ljhog/l;+x s];L
ub{5 . cfkmg} sfo{stf{jf6 JoQm
cfqmf]z ef]lu;s]sf] k|d'v bnsf
g]tfx¿n] rf/ blno /fhgLlts ;Qf
;lds/0fjf6 ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfgsf
s'g} 7f]; lgsf; lg:sg] ;+efjgf
g/x]sf] x'bF f cfhsf] cj:yfdf hgtf
;+u ef]6 dfUg] tyf bf]>f] ;+ljwfg
;efsf] lgjf{rg ug]{ u/fpg] b':;fx;
c;kmn g]tfx¿sf] nflu cfTd3ftL
x'g ;Sg] nIf0f b]vfk/]sf] 5 .
)$^ sf] cfGbf] n g tyf
)^@÷)^# sf] hgcfGbf]ng kZrftsf]
pknlAw jx'blno Joj:yfdf cfwf/lt
zf;g Joj:yfnfO{ 3ft ub} {
clwgfosjfb z}lnn] rf/ JolQmsf]
sf]7] j}7s jf6 lgb{lno JolQmnfO{
zf;g ;Qf ;'lDkg ;xdtL hgfPsf
rf/ bnnfO{ km]/L hgtfn] nf]stflGqs
Joj:yf tyf ljlwsf] zf;gdf ljZjf;
ug]{ cfwf/ 5}g . tyflk bnfn ky
tyf pklgj]zjfbsf] cfwf/df u}/
g] k fnLnfO{ gful/stf jfF l 8Psf]
cj:yfdf rf/ bnsf] e|ddf k/]/
lgjf{rg ul/P b]z / hgtfdfly
7'nf] wf]sf x'g ;Sg] ;+efjgf b]lvPsf]
5 . h;n] l;lSsdsf] lgotL ef]Ug
kg]{ cj:yf cfpg ;Sb5 eGg] cfz+sf
ul/Psf] 5 .
;fj{ef}d ;Qf hgtfsf] b'xfO{ lbO{
lgjf{rgsf] gf6s d~rg ug]{ rf/
bnn] @ jif] { sfo{ s fnsf nflu
hgtfjf6 cg'df]bg ul/Psf] klxnf]
;+ljwfg ;efdf hgtfsf] cledtsf]
hjfkmb]lxtf ljgf tyf sfg'gsf]
ckJofVof ub]{ olt / plt k|ltzt
sfd k'/f eof] eGb} hgtfnfO{ 9fF6b}
s'g} nHhf gdfgL+ cfkmgf] Dofb yKb}
$ jif{ k'/ofpFbf ;d]t ;+ljwfg
jgfpg g;s]sf] oyfy{n] em'6sf]
;fx/fdf km]/L ;Qfdf /hfFO{ ug]{
dgzfo jgfPsf] hgtf ;fd' k|i6 5 .
/0:;+ljwfg ;efjf6 ;+ljwfg
jgfpg g;lsPsf] jf/] d f Ps
cfk;df cfIf]k nufP/ bf]if d'Qm x'g

vf]Hg' t/ To;sf] hjfkmb]lxtf lnO{
hgtfnfO{ :ki6 jtfpg :j]tkq hf/L
ug{ h?/L g;lDemPsf rf/ bn
cfk"mnfO{ ;j]{;jf{ dfg]/ :j]R5frf/L
lg0f{ o ub} { c;+ j } w flgs tyf
cnf]stflGqs ljlw ckgfO{ km]/L
bf]>f] ;+ljwfg ;efsf] lgjf{rg ug{
k|oTg Ps cfk;df k|lt:kwf{ u/L
klxnf], bf]>f] ,t]>f] tyf rf}yf] zlQm
xf] eg]/ n]jn nufpg / k|wfgdlGq
jGgsf nflu ldnf]dtf]df ;Qfdf
efuj08f ug] { j} w flgstf dfq
vf]lhPsf] cj:yf xf] .
;+ljwfg ;efsf] gfddf hgtfnfO{
u'd/fxdf kf/]/ u'Xo ¿kdf k|ltlglw
;efsf] lgjf{rgsf] cjwf/0ff dfkm{t
rf/ blno :jfy{ kl/k"lt{ ug{sf nflu
sf] klxnf] eGg] dfq 5'6\6ofpg
if8oGq ul/Psf] lgjf{rg hgtfnfO{
wf]sf tyf b]zsf nflu pknlAw lxg
x'g] 5 eGg] s'/f cfd gful/sn] j'lem
;s]sf 5g\ . u'6jlGbsf] /fhgLltdf
k/]sf rf/ bn leq ;Qf k|fKtsf]
nflu cfkmgf] kIfsf] hdft lgdf{0f
ug{ k|lt:kwf{ x'gfn] lgjf{rgsf]
;dodf l6s6 jfF8g] gfddf x'g] rf/
bns} sfo{stf{ jf6 x'g] ljb|fx] jf6
pTkGg x'g] c/fhs kl/l:yltnfO{
/f]Sg ;Sg] Ifdtf gePsf g]tfx¿
cfhsf] cj:yfdf c;kmn ;fljt
ePsf tyf hgtfsf] ljt[ i 0fsf
jfjh'b hj/hl:t ljgf Ph]08f jf
em' 6 sf] Ph] 0 8fdf lgjf{ r g ug] {
b':;fx;n]] lg/fzf 5fPsf] hgtfsf]
cfqmf]z cem j9fpg] sfd ub{5 h;n]
ubf{ ljs/fn cj:yf ;[hgf x'g]df
z+sf 5}g .
:yflgo lgjf{rgdf hgtfsf]
cledtjf6 lgjf{lrt ePklg p;sf]
clwsf/ :yflgo If] q df l;ldt
ul/Psf] x'G5 . To:t} k|ltlglw ;efsf]
nflu hgtfsf] dtbfg ul/P kZrft
/fli6«o /fhgLltdf e"ldsf lgjf{x ug]{
clwsf/ x'G5 . o;}n] lgjf{rg ;fk]If

k|0ffnL xf] . ;+ljwfg ;ef lg/k]If
k|0ffnL ePklg /fhgLlts ;xdtLsf]
cfwf/ :tDe v8f u/L hgefjgfsf]
;Ddfg ug{ tyf ;fy{s kl/0ffd
lgsfNg] ;'lglZrttf ul/g' kb{5 .
ctM ;+j}wflgs tyf /fhgLlts
lgsf;sf nflu g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfg ;ef
lg/y{s jg]sf] sf/0fx¿ kQf nufO{
;fy{s lgsf; lgsfNg k|oTg cg'¿k
uf]nd]r ;Dd]ng ug{ /fhL ePsf
rf/ bn klxnf] lgjf{rgdf hgtf
dfly wf]sf ePsf] sf/0f cj x'g]
lgjf{rg cufj} ;+ljwfg ;efjf6
;+ljwfg jGg] jf jgfpg] ;'lglZrtf
ug{ hgtfnfO{ ljZj:t jgfpg
;j{klIfo ;Dd]ng x'g' kb{5 .
/fli6«o /fhgLlts If]qdf k|efj
kfg{ ;Sg] zlQmx¿sf] jLrdf cfd
;xdlt ub{ } ljlwsf] zf;g /
nf]stflGqs k4ltnfO[ cu|;/ /x]sf
/fi6«jfbL zlQmsf cu|k+lQmdf /xg'
ePsf /fi6«jfbL zlQmsf g]t[Tj ug]{
/fdjfj' k|;fO{ -vg'k?b]_], ;jf{]Rr
cbfntdf sfg"gL / nf]stflGqs
clwsf/sf nflu ;+3if{/t /xg' ePsf
cd/ s] ;L, nf]stflGqs zlQmsf
g]tT[ j ug]{ z'lzn sf]O/{ fnf, emngfy
vgfn, dxGy 7fs'/ tyf jfdklGy
zlQmsf] g]tT[ j ug]{ k|r08 tyf df]xg
j}B ls/0f h:tf /fli6«o JolQmTjx¿n]
nf]stGq / sfg"gL zf;gsf] dof{bfnfO{
;Gt'ng /fVg] u/L /fhgLlts /
;+aw} flgs lgsf; lgsfNg ;Sg' kg{]
;do cfO{ ;s]sf] 5 .
cGTodf lgikIf gful/stf
5fgljg cfof]u u7g u/L jf:tljs
g]kfnL gful/sx¿n] dfq dtbfg ug{
kfpg] ;+lawfg ;efsf] lgjf{rg ug{sf
nflu lgif]w / ;t{sf] /fhgLlt 5f8]/
;j}sf] d"No / dfGotfnfO{ ;d]6b}
/fhgLlts tyf ;+j}wflgs lgsf;
lbgsf nflu hgtfn] p7fPsf
dfux¿nfO{ oyflz3| ;Djf]wg ug{
lhDd]jf/L lnO{ /fhgLlts bnx¿
cufl8 j9g cjZos b]lvPsf] 5 .
o;jf6 g} ;fy{s kl/0ffd lgsfNg
;lsG5 eGg] ljin]z0f ul/G5 .
-n] v s M g] k fn /fli6« o
nf]stflGqs bnsf dxf;lrj x'g ._

ko{6g ljz]if
nfª6fªdf 5 hftsf r/f ylkP
sf7df8f}F . xfn} ul/Psf] Ps cWoog cg';f/ nfª6fª /fli6«o lgs'~h
If]qdf ^ k|hfltsf gofF r/fx¿ ylkPsf 5g\ . lgs'~h If]qdf ^ k|hfltsf
r/fx¿ ylkPsf] lgs'~hn] hgfPsf] 5 . nfª6fª /fli6«o lgs'~h If]qsf]
/;'jf, g'jfsf]6 / l;Gw'kfNrf]ssf ljleGg :yfgdf cWoog ul/Psf] lyof] .
nfª6fª /fli6«o lgs'~hdf ;g\ @))! df klxnf] k6s r/fsf] cWoog
ul/Psf] lyof] . ;g\ @))! df ul/Psf] cWoog cg';Gwfgaf6 nfª6fª
/fli6«o lgs'~hdf # ;o $% k|hfltsf r/fx¿ e]l6Psf lyP . clxn]sf]
cWoog df !@ jif{cl3sf] cWoogsf] t'ngfdf ^ k|hfltsf r/f ylkPsf
lgs'~hsf ;xfos ;+/If0f clws[t tyf cWoog 6f]nLsf k|d'v /fdb]j
rf}w/Ln] atfP . g]kfndf * ;o &% k|hfltsf r/f kfOG5 . lxn lkhg,
kmfo/ k|G6]8 ;]l/g, kfO{g aG6Lª, k]n An' ˆnfO{Sofr/, /:6L k|mG6]8 aflj{ª
/ lxn lk|lgof hftsf r/f ylkPsf rf}w/Ln] hfgsf/L lbP .
o;}u/L, g]kfnsf] kxf8L If]qdf kfO{g] km';|f] l6sl6s] r/f clxn]
g]kfnu~hdf b]lvPsf] 5 . % xhf/ lkm6dfly / !# xhf/ lkm6;Ddsf]
prfO{df kfO{g] of] r/f clxn] g]kfnu~hdf km]nf k/]sf] r/fljb 8f=
x]d;fu/ a/fnn] atfP . kxf8L If]qdf k|hgg lqmof ug]{ r/f g]kfnu~hdf
km]nf k/]kl5 o;sf] sf/0faf/] cWoog eO/x]sf] pgn] hfgsf/L lbP . km';f| ]
l6sl6s] r/f lxpFbsf] hf8f] ;dodf dfq t/fO{ emg]{ u5{ .

tna a9fpg cy{dGqfno 3]/fp
sf7df8f}F . ;/sf/L sd{rf/Lsf]
tnadf !) xhf/ a[l4sf] dfu ub}{
lghfdtL ;]jfsf ljleGg sd{rf/L
;+3;+u7gx¿n] cy{dGqfno 3]/fp u/]sf
5g\ . tLg jif{bl] v tna ;/sf/n]
ga9fPsf] eGb} pgLx¿n] tna a9\gk' g]{
dfu ub}{ z'qmaf/ dGqfno 3]/fp u/]sf
x'g\ . wgf{ sfo{qmddf sf+u;
]| ;dly{t
b'O{ sd{rf/L ;+u7g afx]s cGo ;a}
;+u7gx¿ ;xefuL ePsf lyP .
pgLx¿n] Go"gtd !) xhf/ tna j[l4sf]
dfu u/] s f 5g\ . lghfdtL
sd{rf/Lx¿n] kf]zfs eQfjfkt kfpFb}
cfPsf] & xhf/ ¿k}ofFnfO{ a9fP/ !%
xhf/ ¿k}ofF k'¥ofpg'kg]{ dfu u/]sf
5g\ . To:t}, cfufdL cfly{s jif{bl] v
c:yfoL, Hofnfbf/L Pj+ s/f/ ;]jfsf
sd{rf/LnfO{ ;dfg kf];fs eQf pknAw
u/fpg'kg]{ dfu ul/Psf] 5 . wgf{df
a:g] ;+u7gx¿df g]kfn lghfdtL
sd{rf/L ;+u7g, g]kfn /fli6«o sd{rf/L
;+u7g, g]kfn lghfdtL sd{rf/L d~r,
/fi6«;j] s sd{rf/L ;+u7g, /fli6«o
sd{rf/L ;+u7g, g]kfn lghfdtL
sd{rf/L ;+3 / /fli6«o :jtGq sd{rf/L
ldng s]Gb| /x]sf 5g\ .
o;}lar d'Vo ;lrj nLnfdl0f
kf}8n] sf] cWoIftfdf /x]sf] tna–eQf
k'g/fjnf]sg ;ldltn] cfufdL ah]6df
sd{rf/Lsf] tna @! k|ltztn] a9fO{
yk ljleGg zLif{sdf eQf lbg l;kmfl/;
u/]sf] 5 . ;ldltn] cy{dGqfnonfO{ tna
/ eQf a9fpg ls6fgL;lxt k|ltj]bg

a'emfPsf] 5 . d'Vo ;lrj g]tT[ jsf]
;ldltn] ;'emfj lbg ;fdfGo k|zf;g
dGqfnosf ;x;lrj d'sG' b/fh kGyLsf]
;+of]hsTjdf pk;ldlt u7g u/]sf]
lyof] . tna–eQf k' g /fjnf] s g
pk;ldltn] lbPsf] ;'emfjnfO{ ;ldltn]
h:tfsf] t:t} cy{dGqL z+s/k|;fb
sf]O/fnf;dIf a'emfPsf] xf] . ;f] ;'emfjdf
sd{rf/Lsf] tna @! k|ltztn] a9fpg]
/ ljleGg zLif{df eQfafkt $ xhf/ %
;o yk /sd lbg k|:tfj u/]sf] 5 . ;f]
;'emfjaf/] d+unaf/ g} cy{df cfGtl/s
5nkmn ePsf] 5 . d'Vo ;lrj g]tT[ jsf]
;ldltn] g} o:tf] ;'emfj lbPsf] / sd{rf/L
o'lgogn] ;d]t tna ga9fP r'gfjdf
;xof]u gug{] wDsL lbPsf sf/0f s;/L
tna ;dfof]hg ug{;lsG5 eg]/ 5nkmn
ePsf] Ps clwsf/Ln] atfP . ;|ft] sf
cg';f/ ;ldltn] lbPsf] ;'emfjdf tnadf
@! k|ltzt j[l4;Fu} dfl;s ! xhf/
¿k}ofF z}lIfs eQf, ! xhf/ ¿k}ofF vfhf
eQf, ! xhf/ % ;o ¿k}ofF kl/jxg
eQf / ! xhf/ ¿k}ofF 6]lnkmf]g÷OG6/g]6
eQfsf] Joj:yf ug{elgPsf] 5 .
;ldltsf] ;'emfjcg';f/ tna–eQf
j[l4 ePdf d'Vo ;lrjsf] dfl;s tna
emG8} $* xhf/ ¿k}ofF;lxt yk eQf
tyf sfof{no ;xof]uLsf] sl/a !& xhf/
/ eQf kfpg]5g\ . o;}u/L, b'ud{ df
sd{rf/L a:g gdfGg] ePsf sf/0f b'ud{
eQf cfsif{s /fVg klg d'Vo ;lrj
g]tT[ jsf] ;ldltn] l;kmfl/; u/]sf] 5 .
– bdoGtL >]i7

sf7df8f}F . /fli6«o dlxnf cfof]un]
ljjfx gu/]sf dlxnf / k'?if;Fu} a:g]
Joj:yf lnleª 6'u]b/nfO{ sfg"gL
dfGotf lbg k|:tfj u/]sf] 5 . 3/]n'
lx+;f -s;'/ tyf ;hfo_ P]g @)^^
nfO{ ;+zf]wgsf nflu cfof]un] cl3
;f/]sf] k|:tfjdf o:tf] k|:tfj ul/Psf]
xf] . cfof]usf k|jQmf df]xgf cG;f/Ln]
lnleª 6'ub] /df x'g] lx+;fnfO{ sfg"gL
bfo/df Nofpg o:tf] k|:tfj ul/Psf]
atfOg . cljjflxt dlxnf tyf
k']:?ifx¿;Fu} a:g] af/]df sfg'gL
k|fjwfg /flvg'kg],{ To;af6 pTkGg

lx+;fsf] lg/fs/0fsf nflu sfg'g lgdf{0f
ul/g'kg{,] kL8snfO{ Ifltk"lt{ lbg'kg],{
l56f] km};nfsf] Joj:yf ul/g'kg]{,
dlxnf ;]nnfO{ ;'ljwf ;DkGg ul/g'kg],{
kf/kfr'sk] Zrft x'g] dlxnf lx+;fsf
ljifodf P] g df k| i 6 JofVof
x'gk' g{n
] ufotsf ;'emfj lbOPsf] 5 .
d+ u naf/ ePsf] 5nkmn
sfo{qmddf 3/]n' ;DaGw, zf/Ll/s tyf
dfgl;s, of}ghGo, cfly{s oftgfsf
ljifodf jQmfx¿n] P]gdf ePsf q'6L
x6fpg'kg]{ / gofF /fo;'emfj k|:t't
u/]sf lyP .

;fj{hlgs ;+:yfgsf] xl/lahf]u lnleª 6'u]b/nfO{ sfg"gL dfGotf b]p M dlxnf cfof]u
sf7df8f} F . ;/sf/n] cfˆgf]
k"0f{:jfldTjdf ;~rfng ub}{ cfPsf]
#& j6f ;fj{ h lgs ;+ : yfg
dw]clwsf+;sf] ca:yf uPu'h|]sf] 5
;+:yfgx¿sf] xfnt ut jif{eGbf
uPu'h|]sf] lgZsif{ ;/sf/ cfkm}+n]
lgsfn] s f] 5 . ;/sf/sf]
k"0f{:jfldTjdf /x]sf #& ;+:yfg dWo]
@! j6f ;+ : yfg 3f6fdf 5g\ .
;/sf/af6 eg]hlt cg'bfg / C0f
vfFb} cfPsf] g]kfn cfon lgudsf]dfq
v'b gf]S;fgL ( ca{ %@ s/f]8 %%
nfv k'u]sf] 5 . #& ;+:yfgdWo]
;a}eGbf a9L 3f6f g]kfn ljB't
k| f wLs/0fdf b] l vPsf] 5 .
k|flws/0fsf] v'b gf]S;fg ( ca{ ($
s/f] 8 @( nfv k' u ] s f] 5 .
cy{dGqfnon] z'qmaf/ ;fj{hlgs
u/]sf] ;+:yfgx¿sf] jflifs{l:ylt
;dLIffcg';f/ ;/sf/L :jfldTjsf #&
dWo] !% j6f ;+:yfgdfq} gfkmfdf
;~rfng ePsf 5g\ . oLdWo] klg *
j6f ;+:yfgdf cl3Nnf] jif{sf] eGbf
d'gfkmf 36]sf] 5 . Ol~hlgol/ª
sG;N6]G;L ;]jf s]Gb| lnld6]8df
sf/f] a f/ z" G o b] l vPsf] 5 .
…sd{rf/Lsf] bafjsf sf/0f jif}{lkR5]
;'ljwf ylkFb} hfg' / ;'ljwf yKbf
;+:yfgsf] ljQLo l:yltdf lg0f{o
stf{x¿n] Wofg lbg] gubf{ ;+:yfgsf]
bfloTj jxg IfdtfeGbf a9L bfloTjsf]
ef/ ylk/x]sf] ;f]rgLo l:ylt l;h{gf
e}/x]sf] 5 .Ú cy{dGqfno cfkm}+n]
;+:yfgx¿sf] xljutk|lt lrGtf ub}{
;dLIff k'l:tsfdf eg]sf] 5–…o:tf]

;d:ofsf] ;dfwfgsf nflu dGqfnosf
lg0f{osf kmfOndf l6Kk0fLsf kGgf
ylkFb} uPklg ef}lts¿kdf b]lvg] u/L
pNn]Vo k|ult ePsf] dx;'; x'g
;s]g .Ú
;fj{ h lgs ul/Psf] ;/sf/L
tYof+scg';f/ g]kfnsf] Psdfq k'/fgf]
;/sf/L ljdfg ;]jfsf ¿kdf kl/lrt
g]kfn jfo' ;]jf lgudsf] C0f ($
s/f]8 (# nfv k'u]sf] 5 . rfn'
jif{dfq} lgudn] @ s/f]8 gf]S;fgL
Aoxf]/s
] f] 5 . )^%÷)^^ b]lv lgudn]
n]vf k/LIf0f;Dd u/fPsf] 5}g .
lgudn] sf]ifdf Joj:yf gePsf]
bfloTj cGt/ut @* s/f]8 #( nfv
sd{rf/Lsf gfddf o;jif{ yk vr{
u/]sf] 5 . ptf gful/s p•og
k|flws/0fsf] C0f klg (! s/f]8
k'u]sf] 5 .
g] k fn ;/sf/n] ;fj{ h lgs
;+:yfgx¿df eGbf Jofhdf k};f
nufPsf] eP kmfObf x'g] b]lvPsf] 5 .
pbfx/0fsf nflu ;/sf/L :jfldTjdf
/x]sf & j6f cf}Bf]lus ;+:yfgdf o;
cfly{s jif{df % ca{ #^ s/f]8 %%
nfv z]]o/ nufgL u/]/ # ca{ $%
s/f]8 ## nfv C0f k|jfx u/]sf]
lyof] . o;af6 p;nfO{ k|fKt nfef+z
z"Go /x]sf] 5 . # xhf/ $ ;o &%
sd{rf/L sfo{/t /x]sf b'Uw ;+:yfg,
hl8a'6L, x]6f}8f l;d]G6, hgsk'/
r'/f]6 sf/vfgf, cf}iflw lnld6]8,
pbok'/ l;d]G6 / cf]l/08 DofUg];fO6
k|flndf sf]ifdf Joj:yf gePsf] vr{sf]
bfloTj @ ca{ ^) s/f]8 ^@ nfv

k'u]sf] 5 . Jofkfl/s If]qsf ^ j6f
;+:yfgdWo] s[lif ;fdu|L sDkgL afx]s
% j6fdf g]kfn ;/sf/n] o;cfly{s
jif{df @% ca{ &% s/f]8 ^* nfv
C0f nufgL u/]sf] 5 . of]dWo] cfon
lgud PSn}n] @$ ca{ && s/f]8 !)
nfv C0f lnPsf] 5 . !( ;o ^!
sd{rf/L sfo{/t /x]sf oL ^ j6f
Jofkfl/s ;+:yfgx¿df o;jif{sf]
k|zf;lgs vr{dfq} ! ca{ *) s/f]8
&% nfv k'u]sf] 5 . sf]ifdf Joj:yf
gul/Psf] sd{rf/L vr{ (@ s/f]8
#* nfv 5 . ;fdflhs ;] j f
cGt/utsf ;+:yfgx¿ rf/j6f 5g\ .
uf]/vfkq ;+:yfg, hgs lzIff ;fdu|L,
g]kfn 6]lnlehg, ;f+:s[lts ;+:yfg
/ /fli6« o cfjf; sDkgL . oL
;+ : yfgx¿sf] v' b gf] S ;fg (
s/f]8af6 a9]/ @* s/f]8 k'us
] f] 5 .
cy{dGqfnosf cg';f/ C0fdf
r'n{Dd 8'la/x] klg Jofkfl/s If]qsf
;fj{hlgs ;+:yfgaf6 cjsfzk|fKt
sd{rf/Lx¿sf nflu rfn' cfly{s
jif{df @! ca{ @) s/f]8 @! nfv
¿k}ofF cfly{s ef/ axg ug{'k/]sf]
5 . hjls cl3Nnf] cfly{s jif{df
of] ef/ !^ ca{ *# s/f]8 ^# nfvdfq}
lyof] . @( xhf/ * ;o ^) sd{rf/L
/x] s f #& ;+ : yfgx¿df p;} t
sd{rf/Lsf] rfk -cf]e/ :6flkmª_
a9\bf] 5, To;df klg cfufdL cfly{s
jif{df of] ;+Vof a9]/ #) xhf/ # ;o
#$ k'Ug] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . ;/sf/
kl/jt{g ePlkR5] g]tfx¿n] cfˆgf
cbIf sfo{stf{nfO{ eg;'gsf e/df

hflu/ v' j fpg] lgsfox¿ log}
;fj{hlgs ;+:yfg x'g\ . hgkof]uL
If]qsf # j6f ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfgx¿
cGt{ u t g] k fn 6] l nsd, g] k fn
vfg]kfgL ;+:yfg / g]kfn ljB't
k|flws/0f kb{5g\ . oLdWo] b"/;~rf/
sDkgLn] cfoj[l4 u/]sf] b]lvG5 .
oBlk, oL tLgj6} ;+:yfgx¿df
)^&÷)^* ;Dd z]o/wgL sf]if
wgfTds /x]sf]df kl5Nnf] cfly{s
jif{df Tof] C0ffTds b]lvPsf] 5 .
hgkof]uL ;+:yfgx¿sf] cj:yf
;'wf/df b'/;~rf/n] of]ubfg u/] klg
g]kfn ljB't k|fwLs/0f ;a}eGbf 7"nf]
3f6fsf] ;|f]t ag]sf] 5 . pbfx/0fsf
nflu oL # j6f ;+:yfgx¿sf] s"n
C0f bfloTj &) ca{ @) s/f]8 ^@
nfv k' u ] s f] d f ljB' t k| f wLs/0f
PSn}sf] yfKnf]df ^* ca{ () s/f]8
(@ nfv C0f 5 . ljQLo
If]qcGt/utsf ;/sf/L :jfldTjsf
( j6f ;+:yfgdWo] /fli6«o jfl0fHo
a}+saf6 g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{ * s/f]8
^% nfv &) xhf/ a/fa/sf] gfkmf
k|fKt ePsf] tYof+sdf pNn]v 5 .
^$ ;o !$ hgf sd{rf/Lx¿ sfo{/t
oL ;+:yfgx¿df cl3Nnf] cfly{s
jif{sf] t'ngfdf #)=%^ k|ltztn]
cfly{s j[l4 ePsf] ;/sf/L tYof+sdf
pNn] v 5 . oL ljQLo ;+ : yfg
cGt{ut jfl0fHo a}+s, s[lif ljsf;
a}+s, /fli6«o ljdf ;+:yfg, gful/s
nufgL sf]if, g]kfn :6s PS:r]~h
lgIf]k tyf shf{ ;'/If0f lgud cflb
kb{5g\ .








kG5Lx?sf] aw ug]{ tyf df;'sf] pkef]u ug]{ k|j[lQ kl/jt{g u/f}+ .
a8{km\ n h:tf kG5LhGo /f]ux?sf] lgoGq0fdf ;xefuL agL,
cfk"m klg arf}+ ;dfhnfO{ klg arfcf}+ .
kG5Lx?sf] aw 3/aflx/ kfgLsf] ;|f]teGbf 6f9f ug]{ u/f}F .
s'v'/f sf6]kl5 e'OF /fd|f];Fu kvfNg], k'5\g] -lg;+qmd0f_ u/f}F .
aw ul/;s]kl5 s'v'/f tyf sfFrf] df;'sf] n;k;af6 afnaflnsfx?nfO{
6f9} /fvf}F .
df;' sf6]kl5 lg:sg] kmf]xf]/, ;'nL, Kjfn cflbnfO{ hyfefjL gkmfnL
vfN8f]df uf8\g] jf hnfpg] u/f}F .
s'v'/f;Fusf] n;k; tyf df;' sf6\g] sfd ;lsPkl5 ;fa'g kfgLn] /fd|f];Fu
xft w'g] u/f}F .
leqL efu;Dd /fd|f];Fu kfs]sf] s'v'/fsf] df;' dfq vfg] u/f}F .
la/fdL jf d/]sf s'v'/fsf] df;' s'g} klg cj:yfdf vfg] gu/f}F .
c08fsf] leqL;Dd ;fx|f] x'g] cj:yf;Dd pdfn]/ of ksfP/ vfg] u/f}F .

a8{km\ n' /f]usf] /f]syfd / lgoGq0fdf xfdL ;a}sf] k|lta4tf
g]kfn ;/sf/

s[lif tyf ;xsf/L dGqfno kz' ;]jf ljefu

Pleog OGk\mn'oGhf lgoGq0f cfof]hgf
a"9fgLns07, sf7df8f},F kmf]gM $^%)!@&, $^%)$(!

5

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u )# /f;c nf; )&)@

ljsNk uf]nd]r ;Dd]ng
clxn] b'vb\ cj:yfdfkm{t\ b]z
u'lh|/x]sf] 5 . /fhgLlts ax;x¿
klg eO/x]sf 5g\ . /fhgLlts ax;
klg eO/fv]sf 5g\, jf}l4s ax; klg
eO/fv]sf 5g\, ;~rf/ If]q leq klg
jx;x¿ eO/fv]sf 5g\ . t/ tL
ax;x¿ ;fy{s 9+un] cufl8 a9\g
eg] ;ls/x] s f] 5} g . oltj] n f
@)^@÷ ^# sf] P] l txfl;s
hgcfGbf]ngsf] g]tT[ j u/]sf] gful/s
;dfhsf] cfjZostf klg plQs}
/x]sf] 5 t/ tL gful/s ;dfh klg
clxn] sxfF 5 xfdLn] b]lv/fv]sf 5}gf}F .
clxn] ;j}eGbf 7"nf] ;d:of eg]sf]
/fi6«sf] nflu cyjf g]kfnL hgtfsf]
nflu d'n'sdf hgtfsf] kIfdf ax;
/ 5nkmnx¿ x' g ' k b{ 5 . To:tf
vfnsf hgtf / /fi6« s f] nflu
/fli6«otfsf ax;x¿ s'g} klg tx /
tKsf jf /fhgLlts bnx¿af6 x'g
;ls/x]sf 5}gg\ . /fhgLlts bn leq}
klg To; lsl;dsf] ax; /
5nkmnx¿ x'g ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . of]
;j}eGbf b'ef{Uok"0f{ / b'vnfUbf] cj:yf
xf] . Pp6f ;fdfGo ;+:yfdf k|jz
]
ug{sf] nflu Tof] ;+:yfsf p2]Zo /
nIo tyf lglZrt dfkb08x¿
x' G 5g\ . tL nIo / p2] Z onfO{
cfTd;ft ug{] k|lta4tfsf ;fy s'g}
klg AolSt Tof] ;+:yfdf k|jz
] u/]sf]
x'G5 . t/ clxn] g]kfnsf] /fhgLlts
bnx¿df eg] To:tf] s'g} ;+:sf/;d]t
b] l vF b } g . /fhgLlts bnx¿df
hf]l8gsf] nflu s'g} lglZrt dfkb08
g} 5}g . s'g} bndf k|jz
] ug{sf] nflu
s'g} lglZrt bfo/fx¿ g} rflxFb}g .
clxn] h:tf;'s} dfG5]x¿ klg klg
/fhgLlts bndf k|j]z ug{] nx8
] sf nflu
rln/x]sf] 5 eg] kf6L{ k|jz
s'g} dfkb08x¿ tf]lsPsf] b]lvFb}g .
kf6L{df cfpg] hlt ;f/fnfO{ dfnf
nufP/ :jfut ug]{ sfdx¿ eO/x]sf]
5 . bnx¿df clxn] s' g } klg
/fhgLlts, ;}4flGts ax;sf] cefj
b]lvG5 . b]zsf] cj:yf s] 5 eGg]
ljifodf gful/s ;dfhdf klg
5nkmn / jx;sf] cefj 5 . ;du|
¿kdf eGg] xf] eg] of] b]zsf] lrGtf
s;}nfO{ b]lvFbg} . ;a}nfO{ cfˆgf] :jfy{
k"/f ug{k' g]{ / ;a} cfˆg} :jfy{sf
tlNng /x]sf 5g\ . xfdL s;};uF klg
b]zsf] cj:yf s]–s:tf] 5 eGg] ;f]Rg]
;do /x]sf] kfOFbg} . ;+ljwfg;efsf]
lj36gkl5 /fhgLlts bnx¿k|lt
ljZjf; ug]{ s'g} cfwf/x¿ 5}g .
pgLx¿sf] /fhgLlts efif0fafhLdf
s'g} gofF s'/f cfpFb}gg\, Pp6fn]
csf]n
{ fO{ ufnL ug]{ dfq x'G5g\, To;}n]

ax;

8f= s]= lj= /f]sfof
pgLx¿sf] efif0fafhL ;'Gg'sf] s'g} cy{
b] l vF b } g . oltj] n f /fhgLlts
l;4fGtnfO{ s]Gb|df /fv]/ af}l4s ax;
/ 5nkmnsf] cfjZostf /x]sf] 5 .
b]zdf b]lvPsf] z"Gotf g} clxn]sf]
7"nf] ;d:of xf] . b]zsf] ;d:ofsf]
ljifodf ;~rf/ dfWofdsf aLrdf
dfq} 5nkmn / ax; x'g ;s]sf] eP
klg b]zsf] cj:yf / /fhgLlts
eljio lgSof}{n x'g] lyof] . g]kfnsf]
/fhgLlt g]kfnL ;dfhdf cfwfl/t
x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . g]kfnL ;dfhsf] d"No
/ dfGotfx¿ s] x' g \ < g] k fnL
;dfhsf] rl/q, ;f]rfO, lrGtg,
k|jl[ t, ljZj b[li6sf]0f s] x'g,\ To;n]
g} oxfFsf] /fhgLltnfO{ k|efljt kfb{5 .
To;sf/0fn] d'ns
' sf] ljsf;sf] ax;
cyjf /fhgLlts ax;sf nflu
g]kfnL ;dfhsf] rl/qsf] af/]df
ljZn]if0f ug{ h?/L 5 . d'n'ssf]
;fdflhs rl/qsf] ljZn]if0f gu/]/
/fhgLlts, cfly{s jf s'g} klg
ax;sf] ljZn]if0f x'Fb}g . d'n'ssf]
jt{dfg b'/fj:yfdf cfpg'sf] vf;
sf/0f s] xf] eGg]af/]df ax; /
ljZn]if0f ug{ h?/L 5 . g]kfndf
@))& ;fnb]lv w]/} k6s /fhgLlts
cfGbf] n gx¿ ePsf 5g\ . x/] s
k6ssf /fhgLlts cGbf]ng jf qmflGt
x/]s k6s ;Demf}tfdf 6'lËg] u/]sf]
5 . clg h;sf] lj?4 g]kfnL hgtfn]
n8]sf] 5g\\, pxL zf;s g} ;Qf
;~rfngdf cfpg] u/] s f] 5 .
/f0ffzf;gb]lv clxn];Dds} l:yltnfO{
cWoog ug'{ xf] eg] h;sf] lj?4
g]kfnL hgtfn] n8]sf x'g\, p;};Fu
;fem] b f/L u/] / n' 6 \ g ] g] k fnL
/fhgLltsf] rl/q ag]sf] 5 . o;y{
clxn];Ddsf] /fhgLltls cj:yfdf
s]nfpFbf g]kfndf ;xL cy{df /fhgLlt
eO/x] s f] b] l vF b } g . d' n ' s sf]
/fhgLltb]lv ljsf;nufotsf x/]s
If] q df afws ag] s f] g} k' / fgf]
/fhgLlts ;+:sf/ xf] . g]kfnsf]
/fhgLltdf
qmde+ u tf
(Discountinuty) geP;Dd
d'n'ssf] kl/jt{g, ljsf;, pGglt,
cjglt ;Dej 5}g . k'/fg} /fhgLltsf]
lg/Gt/tfn] xfdL cem a9L vf8ndf
km:b} hfG5f}F / xfd|f] cj:yf cem
gfh's x'g hfG5 . clxn];Dd g]kfnL
/fhgLltdf qmde+utf cfpg ;s]g .
d'ns
' sf] x/]s If]qsf] ljsfzsf] nflu

g]kfnsf] /fhgLltdf qmde+utf cfpg'
/ g]kfnsf] /fhgLlt gofF 9+un] p7fg
x'g' h?/L 5 . clxn]s} /fhgLltn]
lg/Gt/tf kfO/xg] xf] eg] csf{] Ps
;o jif{;Dd klg g]kfnsf] cj:yf
p:t} /xG5 / xfdL sxLF klg k'Ug}
;Sb}gf}F . To;}n] clxn]sf] /fhgLltnfO{
cGTo u/]/ gofF k|sf/sf] /fhgLltnfO{
p7fpFga] f/]df xfdLn] ;f]Rg'kg]{ clxn]sf]
cfjZostf xf] . To;}n] g]kfnsf]
/fhgLltdf qmde+utf s;/L cfpF5
eGg]tkm{ xfdL ;a} nfUg h?/L 5 .
clxn]sf] /fhgLlt, /fhgLlts bn,
/fhgLlts g]tfx¿af6 g]kfnL hgtfn]
cfzf ug{] 5f8\g'k5{ . clg g]kfnL
/fhgLltdf qmde+utfn] dfq k'Ub}g .
To;sf] nflu g]kfnL ;dfhsf] rl/q
af]Sg'kg{] cfjZostf 5 . g]kfnL
;dfhsf] ;f]rfO, lrGtg tyf hLjg
/ hutnfO{ x]g{ b[li6sf]0fdf kl/jt{g
cfpg'kb{5 clg ljZjnfO{ g} x]g]{
b[li6sf]0fdf kl/jt{g cfpg' h?/L 5 .
To;f] x'g ;s]g eg] xfdL km]l/ klg
hxfFsf] ToxLF x'G5f}F . ;d:ofx¿sf] bf]if
/fhgLlts bnx¿nfO{ lbP/ dfq} klg
k'Ug] b]lvFb}g sltko ;d:ofx¿
xfdLleq klg gePsf xf] O gg\ .
;d:ofx¿ xfdLleq 5g\, g]kfnL
;dfhleq 5 . To;sf] ljZn]if0f
ug{]tkm{ klg nfUg'kb{5 / clxn]sf]
/fhgLlts cj:yfsf] ;dfwfg cfpg
h?/L 5 . 7"nf] ;+3if{kl5 k|fKt
;+ l jwfg;efaf6 hgtfn] cfˆgf]
;+ljwfg cfkm}F agfpg] cfdg]kfnL
hgtfsf] rfxgf xf] . olb hgtfsf]
rfxgf k"/f ug{ /fhgLlts bnx¿
tof/ ePsf eP b'O{ jif{df g} ;+ljwfg
aGg] lyof] . t/ rf/ jif{df klg aGg
;s] g / clxn] ; Dd klg aGg
;ls/x]sf] 5} . ;+ljwfg aGg g;Sg'df
c? s'g} sf/0f 5}g, sf/0f 5 t
/fhgLlts bnx¿sf] OR5fzlStsf]
cefj . ljZjsf pbfx/0fx¿ g} x]g]{
xf] eg] klg of]eGbf 5f]6f] cjlwdf
;+ljwfg ag]sf 5g\ . To;sf/0f
clxn]s} /fhgLlts bn, clxn]s}
/fhgLlts zlSt / clxn] s }
k|lqmofaf6 ;+ljwfg aGg ;Sb}g /
;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rg;d]t x'g
;Sb}g . sy+sbflrt ;+ljwfg;efsf]
lgjf{rg eOxfNof] eg] To;n] ;+ljwfg
agfpg ;Sb}g . ;+ljwfg algxfNof]
eg] klg g]kfnL hgtfaf6 :jLsfo{

x'Fb}g . clg km]l/ b]z csf]{ åGådf
hfG5 . g] k fnL hgtfx¿nfO{
;+ljwfg;efaf6 ;+ljwfg aGg glbg]
b]z leq / aflx/af6 klg 7"nf] if8\oGq
eO/x]sf] b]lvG5 . ToxL if8\oGqsf]
lg/Gt/tf clxn] eO/x] s f] 5 .
clxn];Dd g]kfnL hgtf ;fj{ef}d x'g
g;s]sf] x'bF f ;+ljwfg;efaf6 g]kfnL
hgtfn] cfˆgf] ;+ljwfg agfpg
cfjZos xf] . t/, ;+ljwfg aGg glbg]
if8\oGq oqtq;j{q /x]sf 5g\ .
;+ljwfg;efaf6 ;+ljwfg agfpgsf
nflu ljZjf; ug{] cfwf/x¿ klg
b]lvFbg} / lgjf{rg x'g] ;Defjgf klg
b]lvFbg} . ;+;b\sf] lgjf{rg x'g ;Snf
t/ s'g} klg xfntdf ;+ljwfg;efsf]
lgjf{rg x'g glbg] if8\oGq eO/x]sf]
5 . s'g} Pp6f 6f]nL agfP/, sfo{bn
jf ljz]if1x¿sf] ;d"x agfP/ lxhf]
h:t} hjh{:tL ;+ljwfg agfpg] vt/f
/x]sf] 5 . hf] g]kfnL hgtfsf] lxtdf
x'g} ;Sb}g . o;cl3 s] sf/0fn]
;+ljwfg aGg ;s]g eGg] ljZn]if0f
gePsfn] ubf{ g} ef] l n
;+ljwfg;efaf6 ;+ljwfg aG5 eGg]
s'g} Uof/]G6L 5}g . ef]lnsf] cj:yfdf
cem a9\g] sfd x'G5g\ / rf/ kfFr
jif{ u'hfg]{ sfd dfq} x'G5 . xfdLn]
;fFlRrs} ;+ljwfg;efaf6 ;+ljwfg
agfpg] g} xf] ;+ l jwfg;efsf]
k'g:yf{kgf jf ;j{klIfo ;Dd]ng dfq
ljsNk x'g ;S5 . clxn] h]h:tf
sfdx¿ eO/x] s f 5g\ , To;sf]
j}wflgs cfwf/df eO/x]sf] 5}gg\ .
clxn] ;a} k|lqmof :j3f]lift ¿kdf
eO/x]sf] 5 . To;}n] klxnf] af6f]
;+ljwfg;ef k'g:yf{kgf u/]/ dfq}
j} w flgstf k| f Kt x' g ;S5 .
;+ljwfg;efdf *) k|ltzt sfdx¿
eO;s]sf 5g\, afFsL sfdx¿ u/]/
ToxL ;+ljwfg;efaf6 k"/f u/L ;+ljwfg
hf/L ug{'kb{5 . clxn]sf] cGtl/d
;+ljwfgn] ;+ljwfg;efsf] lj36gsf]
;d]t s'g} kl/sNkgf u/]sf] lyPg /
;+ljwfg;ef lj36g ug{] s'g} cfwf/
klg lyPg . ;+ljwfg;ef;Fu} /x]sf]
Aoj:yflksf ;+ ; b\ sfod /fVg
;lsGYof] . Aoj:yflksf ;+;b\;d]t
lj36g ul/of] . csf]{ af6f] eg]sf]
;a} zlStx¿sf aLrdf a[ x t\
/fhgLlts ;Dd]ng cyjf uf]nd]r
;Dd]ng u/]/ a[xQ/ 5nkmn /
;+jfbaf6 /fhgLlts lgsf; lgsfNg'
k5{ . ToxL lbzfdf xfdL ;a} gful/s
;dfh, af}l4s ;d'bfo tyf ;a}
tKsfx¿ nfUg' cfjZos 5 .
-/f]sfof /fli6«o dfgj clwsf/
cfof]usf ;b:o x'g\ ._

;|ft] v'nfpg g;s] a}s+ nfO{ sf/afxL
sf7df8f}F . ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f lgjf/0f -PG6L dgL nfpG8l/ª_ ;DaGwL
sfg'gdf ;+zf]wg ul/Psf] 5 . ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f lgjf/0f P]gdf o:tf] Joj:yf
eP cg';f/ ca pSt sfg'g / lgb]z
{ gsf] kfngf gu/] a}s
+ ljQLo ;+:yfnfO{
% s/f]8 ¿k}ofF;Dd hl/jfgf nfUg] ePsf] 5 . o:tf] hl/jfgf ljQLo If]qdf
xfn;Dd tf]lsPsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] /sdsf] xf] . Sofl;gf] / ljQLo ;+:yfnfO{ !)
nfvb]lv % s/f]8 ¿k}ofF;Ddsf] hl/jfgf ug{;Sg] Joj:yf ;+zf]lwt P]gdf 5 .
ljQLo sf/f]af/ ug{ cGo ;+:yf, k];fsdL{ / Joj;foLn] sfg'g pNn+3g u/] !
nfvb]lv ! s/f]8 ¿k}ofF;Ddsf] hl/jfgf ;/sf/n] nufpg ;Sg] 5 . h;df
;'grfFbL Joj;foLb]lv 3/hUuf sf/f]af/L / bnfn;Dd k5{ .
cfjZostfcg';f/ sfg'g ;+zf]wg eP/ cfPklg To;df /x]sf k|fjwfgsf
sf/0f grflxFbf] b'Mv kfpg ;Sg] cfz+sf ljQLo If]qsf] 5 . /fi6« a}s
+ eg] o:tf
ljifodf 5'6 lbg g;lsg] ts{ u5{ . …;+:yf{ cfkm}+ ;DklQ z'4Ls/0fdf ;+nUg
ePsf] kfOP /sd hkmt ug{ / !) u'0ff;Dd hl/jfgf nufpg kfpg] k|fjwfg
klg 5,Ú /fi6« a}s
+ ;|ft] n] eGof], …s;'/cg';f/ kmf}hbf/L cleof]udf # b]lv @)
jif{;Ddsf] s}b x'g] klg Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 .Ú ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f lgjf/0f P]gdf
/flvPsf k|fjwfg jf ;do ;dodf cfpg] lgb{z
] g kfngf gubf{ ;DalGwt
;+:yfsf] cg'dlt jf Ohfhtkq btf{ vf/]h ug{;Ddsf] sfg'g agfOPsf] 5 .
h;df ljQLo sf/f]af/ x'g] ;a} ;+:yf / cGo Joj;foL;d]t k5{g\ . sfnf]wgnfO{
;]tf] agfpg] sfd, cft+ssf/L jf nfu" cf}ifwnufotsf] sf/f]af/ / To;df
;xof]u k'¥ofpg] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f lgjf/0f sfg'gsf] bfo/fdf cfpF5g\ . ;|ft]
v'Ng g;s]sf] ;DklQnfO{ klg oxL sfg'gcGtu{t /fv]/ sf/afxL cl3
a9fOG5 .;DklQ z'4Ls/0fdf nfu]sf JolStn] u/]sf] sf/f]af/df a}s
+ ljQLo
;+:yf jf n]gb]gdf ;+nUg cGo ;+:yf klg ;hfosf] efuLbf/ x'gk' 5{ .Ú of] sfg'g_ geO{ gx'g] s'/f xf],Ú a}s
+ ;{ ;+3sf cWoIf /fhgl;+x e08f/Ln] eg],
…o;sf] sfof{Gjog eg] ;/n / ;xh x'gk' 5{ .Ú t/ a}s
+ ljQLo ;+:yfnfO{
cg';Gwfgsf/L e"ldsf eg] lbg gx'g] pgL atfpF5g\ . …xfdL cg';Gwfg ug{
lgsfo xf]Ogf},+ Ú pgn] eg], …To;}n] To:tf] e"ldsf x'g' x'bF g} .Ú sfg'g agfpFbf nfu"
ug{ Jofjxfl/s x'g] k|sf/sf] x'gk' g{] pgL atfpF5g\ . ;+3sf pkfWoIf pk]Gb|
kf}8n
] klg sfg'g cfpFbf kmfObf eP klg ljleGg If]qsf] ;+/rgf ;'wf/ x'gk' g]{
atfP . …a}s
+ cfkm}d+ f kf/bzL{ Joj;fo xf],Ú pgn] eg], …ToxL cg'¿k cGo
;+/rgfdf klg ;'wf/ cfpFb} uof] eg] sfof{Gjog ;lhnf] x'G5 .Úsl/a Ps
;ftfcl3 /fi6« a}s
+ sf pRr clwsf/Ln] a}s
+ /nfO{ af]nfP/ gofF sfg'g / To;df
ePsf s8f sf/afxL k|fjwfgaf/] hfgsf/L lbPsf lyP . cGt/f{li6«o
dfGotfcg';f/ sf/afxL v'sn
' f] agfpg g;lsg] eP klg sfg'gdf /x]sf s]xL
k|fjwfgsf sf/0f ;d:of x'g ;Sg] cfz+sf ljQLo If]qsf] 5 . …cd]l/sf / g]kfn
Pp6} xf]Og,Ú Ps a}s
+ sf k|dv
' sfo{sf/L clws[tn] eg], …ToxfF h:tf] ;a}
Joj;fo oxfF kf/bzL{ 5}gg\ .Ú kf/bzL{ gx'g] Joj;fosf sf/0f a}s
+ klg sf/afxLdf
d'l5g ;Sg] ;Defjgf a9]sf] pgn] atfP . xfdLsxfF s/ 5Ng] k/fDk/} a;]sf]
5,Ú ;|ft] n] eGof], …s'g} u|fxsn] o:tf] sfd u/]sf] 5÷5}g a}s
+ n] s;/L yfxf
kfpg] .Ú ;+zf]lwt sfg'gsf sf/0f a}l+ sª k|0ffnLeGbf aflx/af6 sf/f]af/ a9\g]
vt/f b]lvPsf] ;|ft] n] atfof] . …eN6, afs; nufotdf k};f /fv]/ sf/f]af/
gxf]nf eGg ;lsFbg} ,Ú ;|ft] eG5, …;a} s'/f kf/bzL{ gePsf] 7fpFdf o:tf
sfg'gn] ;d:of klg Nofpg ;S5 .Ú sfg'gnfO{ s8f agfpg k/]sf] cGt/f{li6«o
bafa / ;DklQ z'4Ls/0fdf nfUg]nfO{ lg?T;flxt ug{ o:tf Joj:yf /flvPsf]
xf] . sf/afxLsf] Joj:yf lkmtnf] eP kmfOgflG;on PS;g 6f:s kmf];a{ f6
bafa cfpg ;Sg] ;Defjgf /xG5 . kl5Nnf] k6s o:tf] sfg'g ;+zf]wg u/]sf]
>Ln+sfn] klg s8f lgodnfO{ ;d]6s
] f] 5 . s]xL dlxgfcl3 dfq} ef/tdf l/hj{
a}s
+ ckm OlG8ofn] b'O{ 7"nf a}s
+ nfO{ ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f lgjf/0f P]g kfngf gubf{
7"nf] /sd hl/jfgf lt/fPsf] lyof] . h;df PlS;; a}s
+ nfO{ % s/f]8 /
Pr8LPkm;L a}s
+ nfO{ $ s/f]8 %) nfv ef/tLo ¿k}ofF hl/jfgf nufOof] .
o:tf 36gf cd]l/sfdf klg eO;s]sf 5g\ . kl5Nnf] k6s ;+zf]wg ePsf]
sfg'gn] Sofl;gf], OG6/g]6 Sofl;gf], 3/hUuf vl/b lalqm ug{ Joj;foL bnfn_, ;'grfFbL sf/f]af/L, gf]6/L klAns, n]vfk/LIfs, n]vf Joj;foL, ;DklQ
Joj:yfks, nufgL Joj:yfksnfO{ ;d]t ;d]6s
] f] 5 . oL ;a}nfO{ u}/ljQLo
k];fsdL{ jf Joj;foL zLif{df /flvPsf] 5 . /fi6« a}s
+ af6 sf/f]af/ Ohfht
kfPsf ;+:yf;lxt k|fOe]6 a}l+ sª sfo{ ug{, h'g;'s} k|sf/sf] shf{ lbg], ljQLo
lnlhª ;]jf, Eofn' 6«fG;km/ ug{, ljQLo hdfgt lbg], ljb]zL d'bf| sf/f]af/
ug{, ;]o/ ahf/, ladf ahf/ klg of] sfg'gsf] bfo/df ;d]l6Psf 5g\ .
;DklQ z'4Ls/0f lgjf/0fsf] sfg'gn] lr¶f / afhL yfKg] sfdnfO{ ;d]t
;d]6s
] f] 5 . ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f lgjf/0f;DaGwL gLlt agfpg] kmfOgflG;o PS;g
6f:s kmf];s
{ f] 6f]nL sl/a tLg dlxgfkl5 g]kfn e|d0fdf cfpg] ;Defjgf 5 .
h;n] g]kfndf ePsf sfg'g / nfu" eP gePsf] cj:yfaf/] cg';Gwfg ug]{
5 . To;kl5 g]kfnnfO{ cfˆgf] lgu/fgLaf6 aflx/ /fVg ;Sg] ;Defjgf 5 .

sf7df8f}+ / s0ff{nLaLrsf] vf8n

dfwj 9' · ] n
sxfF g]kfnsf] /fhwfgL sf7df8f}+
pkTosf, sxfF s0ff{nLsf] d'u' Û ;'v,
;on / P]Zjo{sf] /fhwfgL sf7df8f}a+ f6
sl/a **) lsnf]ld6/sf] b"/Ldf /x]sf]
/f]u, ef]s / zf]ssf] /fhwfgL s0ff{nL
k'Ubf t'ngLo s]xL ljk/Lt b[Zo
b]lvG5g . dfgj ljsf;sf] lx;fan]
klxnf] gDa/d} k5{ /fhwfgL pkTosf .
clg ;a}eGbf kl5Nnf] :yfgdf s0ff{nLsf]
d'u' . sf7df8f}a+ f;L uf8L rNbf–rNbf
lbSs 5g . lbSbf/L x6fpg …6«l] sªÚ /
…xfOlsªÚ hfG5g . ljr/f s0ff{nLaf;L
eg] uf8L b]v/] ult k/]sf] dx;'; u5{g\ .
…6«ofsÚ dfq v'ns
] f] hf]lvdk"0f{ 9'u+ a] f6f]df
uf8L rNg kfpg' t cem} ;kgf h:t}
5 . sf7df8f}a+ f;L vfg]s/' f a9L eP/
dl//x]sf 5g . …8fOj]l6hÚ, …An8k|;
] /Ú,
…o'l/s Pl;8Ú, d'6/' f]uLsf] ;+Vof lbgfg'lbg
al9/x]sf] 5 . vfg]s/' fdf k|fl] 6g, lrNnf]
kbfy{ le6fldg a9L eP/ /f] u
nflu/x]sf] 5 . sf7df8f}d+ f s0ff{nLdf
eg] vfg gkfP/ ef]sn] clxn] klg dfG5]
db}5
{ g . sf7df8f}a+ f;L lxpF k/]sf] b]v]
eg] /dfP/ /ftf/ft Tot}lt/ bf}8G5g–
dgf]/~hgsf nflu k"mnrf]sL, bfdg,
gu/sf]6 jf rl/sf]6df ;fdfGo lxpF
kbf{ s'bg\ ] sf7df8f}a+ f;L ;xh kx'r
F

x'g] xf] eg] s0ff{nLsf] lxpFdf slt /dfpFbf
x' g , cg' d fgdfq ug{ ; lsG5 .
s0ff{nLaf;L eg] lxpF;uF 8/fP/ jif{g] L
#÷$ dlxgf bfª–;'vt{ lt/ em5{g\ .
/fhwfgLaf;Lx¿ rfdn vfg gx'g] /f]u
nfu]kl5 ds} / c? cGgsf] vf]hLdf
5g . rfdn vfPdfq ef]s d]l6G5 eGg]
tTsfnLg /fhf dx]Gb|sf] lbdfusf]
kmn:j¿k clxn] klg s0ff{nLaf;L eg]
rfdnsf] vf]hLdf ef}t+ fl/G5g, cfˆg}
af/Ldf kmNg] ux'F / hf}nfO{ vfBfGg dfGg
5f8]sf 5g . pGgt hftsf :ofpsf]
v]tLlt/ gnfuL ljgf:jfbsf k'/fg} :ofp
kmnfP/ lrQ a'emfpFb5} g . hf8f] nfu]kl5
/fhwfgL sf7df8f}+af;Ln] km]l/Psf]
km];g;Fu} gofF–gofF Gofgf] n'uf lsG5g .
gkmf6]sf eP klg k'/fgf n'uf nufpg]
eg] zxl/of ul/asf] dfq x'g . lrlgofF
;fdfgsf sf/0f clxn] t s0ff{nLaf;Ln]
klg Hofs]6 t lsg]sf 5g . gofF n'uf
t lsG5g t/ k'/fgf] d}nf] n'uf gk'msfnL
gofF n'uf Tof]eGbf aflx/ yKb} hfg'
ToxfFsf] …km];gÚ g} xf] . n'uf w'gk' 5{ eGg]
klg ToxfF vf;} ;+:sf/s} cefj b]lvG5 .
s0ff{nL / sf7df8f}a+ Lr 7Lsljk/Lt c?
klg w]/} 5g . cf}ift cfo' sf7df8f}e+ Gbf
cfwfdfq 5 s0ff{nLdf . sf7df8f}a+ f;L
cf} i ft ^#=@ jif{ a fF R 5g t/

s0ff{nLaf;Lsf] cf}ift cfo' #^ jif{eGbf
klg sd 5 . sf7df8f}d+ f …hluªÚ uP/
tf}n 36fPsf] cfTdsyf ;'gfP/ jo:s
hdftdf cfˆgf] uf}/j ug{] ul/G5 t/
s0ff{nLaf;L eg] hlt rfx]/ klg tf}n
a9fpg ;Sb}gg . ToxfFsf jo:s k'?ifsf]
tf}n To:t} %) lsnf]sf] xf/fxf/Ldf xf]nf .
tf}n 36fpg] 7fpF g} x'Gg . a9fpg]
;fdy{o g} 5}g . dlxnfsf] cj:yf t
emg gfh'u b]lvG5 . ToxfF sf]xL klg
…t?gLÚ x'g} kfpFbg} g . lszf]/Laf6 Ps}
k6s jo:s cj:yfdf k|jz
] ug{] ToxfFsf]
;+:sf/ g} 5 . ;fg} pd]/df ljjfx, clg
sfvdf ;Gtfg . pd]/ ePsf / pd]/
uPsf dlxnfdf cGt/ 5'§ofpg sl7g
5 . ;fg} pd]/df sfvdf gfgL af]ss
] f
sfnf] cg'xf/nfO{ 3'D6f]n] 9fSg' ToxfFsf
cfd dlxnfsf] z}nL xf] . 6fO6 6L;6{ /
lhG;df ;lhPsf sf7df8f}s
+ f %)
gf3]sf …:df6{ dlxnfn] ToxfFsf @%
ggf3]sf o'jf dlxnfnfO{ ;xh} …lbbLÚ
eg]/ ;Daf]wg ug{ cj:yf 5 . pd]/
$) gk'Ub} xh'/cfdf x'g] s0ff{nLsf
dlxnfsf] cj:yf s:tf] 5 eGg] t
cg'xf/ x]b{} ;xh cg'dfg ug{;lsG5 .
sf7df8f}s
+ f ;a} dlxnfnfO{ s0ff{nLsf
o'jf pd]/sf dlxnfn] …alxgLÚ elg7fGg]
cj:yf ljBdfg 5 . /fhwfgL sf7df8f}+

/ /fhwfgLaflx/sf ;a} c? zx/df
;8s lj:tf/sf] cleofg hf/L 5 .
t/ 9'u+ fsf] kx/f] sf6]/ ;8s n}hfg'
lgs} sl7g sfd b]lvG5 . ToxfF dxFuL
36\g] / /f]huf/L a9g] cfzfsf] ;~rf/
ePsf] 5 . of] /fHon] lgefpg'kg{]
k|f/lDes lhDd]jf/L xf] . o;sf] :t/f]Gglt
/ sfnf]kq] ug{ sfd cem} slxn] xf]nf,
yfxf 5}g . s0ff{nLsf b'O{ lhNnf x'Dnf
/ 8f]Nkfsf] t ;b/d'sfd klg ;8s
;~hfndf hf]l8Psf] 5}g . x'Dnfsf] 6«ofs
g]kfnL ;]gfn] vlg/x]sf] 5 . 8f]Nkf t
slxn] hf]l8G5, clglZrt 5 . dfgj
ljsf; dfkgsf] cfwf/ qmozlSt, lzIff
/ :jf:Yo l:ylt xf] . oL ;a} lx;fan]
s0ff{nL b]zd} ;a}eGbf k5fl8 k/]sf]
If]q xf] . kftnf] cfjfbL, 5l/P/ a;]sf
a;f]af;, vfg gkfP/} d[To'sf] d'vdf
k'Ug] cj:yf cem} ljBdfg 5 .
sf7df8f}a+ f6 x]bf{ …:ju{ 7flgg] d'us
' f]
/f/f tfn d'u'af;Lsf nflu vf;}
dxŒjsf] ljifo ag]sf] 5}g . vfg, nfpg
/ la/fdL kbf{ pkrf/ gkfpg]sf]
hLjgdf dgf]/~hgsf] cfjZostf x'bF g} .
To;nfO{ Jofj;flos lx;fan] ko{6g
s]Gb|sf ¿kdf ljsf; ug{] xf] eg]dfq
To;sf] d"No :yfgLon] a'‰g]5g .
nf]stflGqs /fHodf sf7df8f}+ /

s0ff{nLaf;Lsf] clwsf/df s'g} cGt/
5}g . sfg'gL b[li6n] ;dfg 5g t/
s0ff{nL / sf7df8f}a+ Lr c;dfgtfsf]
vf8n x]bf{ nfU5– sf7df8f}+ t s], k"jL{
kxf8eGbf rf/ k':tf k5fl8 5 s0ff{nL .
slDtdf klg ToxfFsf] hghLjg b]zsf
zx/L If]qeGbf Ps ztfAbL k5fl8 5 .
nf]stflGqs /fHo xf] eg] To;nfO{
;dfgtfsf] Go'gtd :t/df k'¥ofpg klg
ToxfF lzIff, :jf:Yodf nufgL ug{k' 5{
af6f], lah'nLdf s]lGb|t x'g' h?/L 5 .
cToGt 7"nf] e"–efudf 5/ki6 a;]sf
a:tLnfO{ of]hgfa4¿kdf lglZrt
s]Gb|x¿ agfP/ a:tLx¿ :yfgfGt/0f
ul/g'k5{ of]hgfa4 j:tL ljsf; ug{
h?/L 5 . afFsL If]qdf eg] h8La'6L,
kz'kfngnufotsf Jojl:yt s[lif
sfo{;~rfng ug{k' 5{ clxn]s} cj:yfdf
s0ff{nLsf] ljsf; eGb} 3/3/df af6f]
jf lah'nL, vfBfGgsf ¿kdf rfdn
eGg] cjwf/0ffn] s0ff{nLsf] r]x/f km]l/g]
5}g . s0ff{nL /fhdfu{sf] gfdfd–udu9L
;8s v08df af6f]df k/]sf] lxpF /
/f/f tfnjl/kl/ k/]sf] lxpFkl5sf]
3dfOnf] b[Zo x]bf{ nfUYof]– of] g} g]kfnsf]
:ju{xf] . ;+;f/s} ;a}eGbf ;'Gb/
7fpFdWo] /f/f klg Ps dflgG5 .
ef/tsf] l;:nf hfg] ko{6s Psk6s

s0ff{nLsf] /f/f k'Ug] xf] eg] pm dGqd'Uw
eP/ kms{Yof] . sf7df8f}s
+ f] gh/n] of]
b]Vbf d'ua' f;Ln] eg] o:tf] cjZo
b]Vb}gg . ;b/d'sfd uf8L k'us
] f] a]nf
h'Dnf / d'ua' f;Lsf] v'lzofnLsf] ;Ldf
lyPg . af6f]df cfPsf uf8LnfO{ k"hf
u/] . af6f] vGg] g]kfnL ;]gfsf]
hohosf/ u/] . uf8Ldf cfPsf ;a}nfO{
k"mn, dfnf / cla/n] :jfut u/] .
8«fOe/nfO{ k};fsf dfnf nufOlbP . ToxL
v'zL ;fl6/x]sf] le8df /dfO/x]sL h'Dnf
lhcFufpFsL wg'snL /fjnsf] egfO
/f]rs lyof]– …uf8L cfP eg] ;fx"s}
;fdfg t cf];fnf{g, xfdL gfFufsf s]
cf];fg{] <Ú /fHon] v'zLleq l5k]sf] of]
lg/fzfnfO{ pT;fxdf km]g;{ Sg'k5{ cfbz{
nf]stflGqs /fHon] wgL / ul/aaLrsf]
vf8n 36fpg] sfo{qmd Nofpg'k5{ olb
s0ff{nLh:tf ljs6 7fpFsf hgtf vfg
gkfP/} dg{] cj:yfsf] cGTosf nflu a9L
vfP/ /f]u nfUg] u/]sf sf7df8f}a+ f;Ln]
of]ubfg ug{;Sg] vfnsf] cfly{s gLlt
/fHon] cl3 ;fg'k{ 5{ /f]u nfUg]u/L vfg'sf]
;§f a9L ePsf] vfgf vfg gkfpg]sf
nflu of]ubfg u/f}+ eg]/ ckLn ug{;Sg'k5{
gq eg] /f/fnfO{ :ju{ b]Vg] sf7df8f}a+ f;L
/ /f/fsf] d"No g} ga'‰g] d'ua' f;LaLrsf]
vf8n sfod} /xg]5 .

6

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u )# /f;c nf; )&)@

cfly{s tyf ;fdflhs qmflGtdf ;xsf/L
k[ i 7e" l d
Oltxf;sf kfgfx¿ kN6fpFbf
;dfhsf ljleGg If]q / kIfdf
b] l vPsf ;d:ofx¿dWo] k| f oM
7"nf]af6 xf]Og, ;fg}af6 emfª\luP/
qmdzM ljzfn ePsf b]lvG5g\ . rfx]
/fli6« o
;d:of
jf
;fdflhs÷;fd"lxs tyf kfl/jfl/s
;d:of g} lsg gxf]pmg\– ltgsf] h8
k|foM ;fgf]af6 ;'? eO{ qmdzM ljzfn
¿k lnFb} Wj+;–ljWj+;sf] l:ylt;Dd
k'Ug] u/]sf b]lvG5g\ . o;/L ;d:ofn]
;fgf]af6 kbfk{0f u/]/ 7"nf] ¿k lnFb}
w]/} lsl;dsf uDeL/ Ifltx¿ Joxf]g{'
k/]sf] 5 . Oltxf;sf o:tf y'k|}
36gfqmdx¿ g]kfnL hgtfdfem tfh}
5g\ .
;fdfGotM ;xsf/L zJbn]
;xsfo{ -;x±sfo{ _ eGg] s'/fnfO{
;Daf] w g ub{ 5 . csf] { zAbdf
eGg'kbf{ ldn]/ sfd ug'{ g} ;xsf/L
xf] eGg] a'lemG5 . o;df vf; u/]/
;dfg p2]Zo, k]zf, Joj;fo / ju{sf
dflg;x¿ ;Fu;Fu} ldn/] cfk\mgf]
cfly{s tyf ;fdflhs ljsf; ug]{
ub{ 5 g\ . ;xsf/Lsf jf/] d f
;dfhzf:qL Pj+ cy{zf:qLx¿sf]
dtnfO{ ;d]6]/ cGt/f{li6«o ;xsf/L
dxf;+3n] a]nfotsf] d]gr]i6/df ;g\
!((% sf] ;]K6]Dj/ dlxgfdf ePsf]
dxf;efaf6 o;/L lrgfPsf] 5–
…;xsf/L To:tf JolQmx¿sf] :jfoQ
;+ u 7g xf] hf] :j] l R5s ¿kdf
Psh'6 eO{ cfk\mgf ;dfg cfly{s,
;fdflhs tyf ;f+ : s[ l ts
cfjZostf / cfsf+Iffx¿sf] kl/k"lt{
;+o'Qm :jfldTj tyf k|hftflGqs
¿kdf lgolGqt Joj;fo dfk{mt ug{
rfxG5g\ .Ú g]kfnsf] kl/k|I] odf x]bf{
k/Dk/fut ¿kdf u'7L, wd{esf/L,
kd{h:tf sfo{x¿af6 ;xsf/L efjgf
hGd]sf] kfOG5 . Psn] csf{nfO{
;xof]u ubf{ sfd ug{, u/fpg ;xh
x'g] / ;fdflhs ;b\efj klg sfod
x'g] ePsf] o;] lbgfg'lbg nf]slk|otf
sdfpFb} uPsf] b]lvG5 .
d"ntM lj=;+= @)!) ;fndf
;xsf/L ljefusf] :yfkgf ePkl5
g] k fndf ;xsf/Lsf] ljsf;sf]
cflwsfl/s ;'¿cft ePsf] xf] .
lj=;+= @)!# ;fn r}q @) ut]
lrtjg lhNnfsf] /fKtL b"gdf af9L
kLl8t hgtfx¿nfO{ /fxt k'¥ofpg]
p2]Zon] C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yfsf]
:yfkgf x'g' g} ;xsf/L If]qsf] klxnf]
;f]kfg lyof] . lj=;+= @)!^ ;fndf
klxnf] k6s ;xsf/L ;+:yf P]g nfu"
ePkl5 ;xsf/L If] q n] sfg' g L
dfGotf k|fKt u/]sf] xf]] . o;s} qmlds
ljsf;:j¿k lj= ;+= @)$! ;fndf
;femf ;+:yf P]g nfu" eof] . ljsf;s}
qmddf ;/sf/åf/f ljleGg :yfgdf
s[lif ;xsf/L ;+:yfx¿sf] :yfkgf
eO{ s[lif ;fdu|Lx¿ ;'ky d"Nodf
pknJw u/fO{ s[ifsx¿nfO{ ;]jf
k'¥ofpg] sfo{ x'g yfn] kl5 ;xsf/Ln]
Jofkstf kfPsf] xf] .
;'¿cftsf lbgx¿df ;xsf/L
;+:yfx¿ lgolGqt / lgb{l] zt ¿kdf
;~rflnt ePsf] kfOG5 . To;}n] o;
If]qn] eg]h:tf] ;kmntf kfpg
;s]g . k|hftGqsf] k'g{jfxnL ;Fu}
cGt/f{li6«o d"NodfGotfnfO{ cfTd;ft\
u/L ;xsf/L P]g @)$* nfu" eof] .
To; P]gdf æb]zsf s[ifs, sfnLu9,
sd k'h
F Ljfn / lgDg cfoju{, >lds
e"ldlxg tyf j]/f]huf/ jf ;fdflhs
sfo{stf{n] ;j{;fwf/0f pkef]Qmfsf]
cfly{s tyf ;fdflhs ljsf;sf nflu
kf/:kl/s ;xof]u / ;xsfl/tfsf]
cfwf/df ljleGg lsl;dsf ;xsf/L
;+3 ;+:yfx¿sf] u7g / ;+rfng
ug{ ;Sg] 5g\Æ egL pNn]v ul/Psf]
kfOPaf6 klg g]kfndf ;xsf/Lsf]
cfjZostfnfO{ ;/sf/L lgsfon]
pRr d"Nofª\sg u/]sf] a'lemG5 .
;f]xL ;xsf/L P]gsf] dd{cg';f/

gGbnfn cfrfo{
ag]sf] ;xsf/L lgodfjnL @)$( nfu"
ePkl5 eg] ;xsf/L ;+3–;+:yfx¿n]
lgjf{w sfo{ ;~rfng ug{ ;s]sf]
e]l6G5 .
g]kfndf ;xsfl/tfsf] ljsf; w]/}
kl5 eP klg o;nfO{ dfgj ;Eotfsf]
ljsf;;Fu} ljsl;t ePsf] dfGg]
cfwf/x¿ w] / } 5g\ . ;j{ k | y d
;xsf/Lsf] hGd ;g\ !*$$ df
j]nfotsf] /f]r8]n eGg] zx/df @*
hgf sk8f a'Gg] dhb"/x¿af6 ePsf]
dflgG5 . pgLx¿n] …/f] r 8] n
;dtfd"ns cu|0fL ;+:yfÚ gfds
pkef]Qmf ;xsf/L e08f/ vf]n/] o;sf]
;'¿cft u/]sf] k|df0f kfOG5 . ToxfF
ltgLx¿ Ps cfk;df ldn]/ ;xsf/L
efjgf cg'¿k sfd ub{y] . o;
;+:yfn] cfkm\gf ;b:ox¿nfO{ lgs}
;xof]u k'¥ofPsf] kfP/ k|efljt eO{
c¿ ;+:yfx¿ klg lj:tf/} :yfkgf
x'bF } uP . o;/L kl5 lj:tf/} ;+;f/e/
;xsf/Lsf] ljsf; / lj:tf/ x'g
k' u ] s f] b] l vG5 . ;g\ !*^^ df
8]gdfs{df pkef]Qmf e08f/ ;~rfng
u/]/ ;xsf/Lsf] ;'¿cft eof] . ToxfF
kl5 uP/ b'Uw ;xsf/Lsf] ;ª\u7gsf]
;d]t ljsf; eof] . ;g\ !*^( df
eg] s[lif ;xsf/L ;+:yfsf] ljsf;
u/L ;xsf/L cleofgnfO{ b'|tQ/
ultdf cufl8 a9fPsf] b]lvG5 . b'Uw
;xsf/Lsf] If]qdf 8]gdfs{n] cu|0fL
e"ldsf v]Nb} cfPsf] 5 . ;fd"lxs
v]tLsf] kl/sNkgfaf6 ;g\ !(!) df
Oh/fondf Oh/fonL ;xsf/L
cfGbf]ng eof] . cem} klg Oh/fonL
;xsf/L cleofgnfO{ ljZjsf] gd"gf
;xsf/Lsf] ¿kdf lng] ul/G5 . !(
cf+} ztfAbLsf] dWolt/ hd{gLdf C0f
;xsf/L ;+:yfsf] :yfkgf eO{ C0f
;xsf/Lsf] If]qdf hd{gL cu|:yfgdf
/x] s f] a' l emG5 . l5d] s L d' n ' s
ef/tdf eg] ;g\ !()$ df C0f
;xsf/L, rLgdf ;g\ !(!@ df s[lif
;xsf/L / hfkfgdf ;g\ !*&( df
pkef]Qmf ;xsf/L vf]n]/ ;xsf/Lsf]
cflwsfl/s ¿kdf k|f/De ePsf] xf] .
cfly{ s ¿kfGt/0fdf ;xsf/L
k| T oIf–k/f] I f¿kdf g] k fnsf]
cfly{s ljsf;df ;xsf/Lsf] b]g
k|f/Desfnb]lv g} 5 . ha dflg;
Jojl:yt ;fy a;f]af; ug{ yfn],
To; a]nfb]lv g} ;xsfo{sf] efjgf
hGd]sf] kfOG5 . …Psn] y'sL ;'sL
;on] y'sL gbLÚ eGg] cfxfg klg
;xsf/Laf6} hGd]sf] xf] . ;xsf/L P]g
@)$* n] ;xsfl/tfsf ;j{dfGo
l;4fGtcg';f/ k|hftflGqs d"No /
dfGotfnfO{ cª\ufn]sf] 5 . o;n]
;dfgtf, ;fdflhs Gofo / cfly{s
ljsf;sf] ;fwgsf] ¿kdf ;a} ju{ /
To;df klg vf; u/L s[ifs, sfnLu9
/ ljkGg ju{sf JolQmx¿n] cfk\mg}
OR5fcg';f/ ;xsf/L ;+:yf u7g ug{
;Sg] / grflx+bf] lsl;dsf] s'g} klg
aflx/L x:tIf]kljgf ;~rfng ug{
;Sg] Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 . o;af6 klg
cfly{s x}l;ot agfpg ;d"xdf ldn]/
sfd ug{ ;/sf/L tj/af6 g} /fxt
/ k|f]T;fxg lbPsf] b]lvG5 .
clxn];Dd g]kfndf /fli6«o
;xsf/L ;+3 lnld6]8, s]Gb|Lo b'Uw
pTkfbs ;xsf/L ;+3 ln=, g]kfn
art tyf C0f s]Gb|Lo ;xsf/L ;+3
ln=, g]kfn s]Gb|Lo pkef]Qmf ;xsf/L
;+3 ln=, ljleGg lhNnfl:yt ;xsf/L
;+3x¿ -art, pkef]Qmf, b'Uw cflb_,
ax'p2]ZoLo ;xsf/L ;+:yf, art tyf
C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf, b'Uw pTkfbs
;xsf/L ;+:yf, pkef]Qmf ;xsf/L
;+:yfh:tf ljljw k|s[ltsf ;xsf/L
;+ : yf lqmofzLn 5g\ . oL ;a}
;+3;:yfx¿ ;xsf/L ;b:ox¿sf
nflu ;j{;n
' e¿kdf ;]jf k|bfg ug]{
tyf j:t' pTkfbg u/L pknJw
u/fpg] sfddf ;lqmo /xg'n] klg

cfly{ s ¿kfGt/0fdf 7f] ; sfd
eO/x]sf] cg'e"t x'G5 .
g]kfnsf] ;d:of eg]sf]
lzlIft, cw{ l zlIft / clzlIft
a]/f]huf/L hg;ª\Vof cTolws x'g',
b]zdf pTkflbt j:t' tyf ;]jfsf]
pkef] u stf{ s f] sdL /xg' ,
>ldsx¿n] plrt kfl/>lds
gkfpg', cfly{s cfDbfgL x'g] If]qdf
;d]t k'h
F L nufgL ug]{ ;fdYo{ ePsf
7"nf nufgL stf{sf] sdL /xg' d'Vo
sf] l 6df kb{5 g\ . o; lsl;dsf
;d:ofx¿ x6fO{ cfly{s¿kn] ;Ifd
agfpg] sfddf ;d]t ;xsf/Lsf]
of]ubfg uj{zfnL 5 . a]/f]huf/
hgzlSt g} ;xsf/L If]qdf /xG5g\,
cfkm" :jod\n] k|bfg ug]{ ;]jf jf pTkfbg
u/]sf j:t'x¿sf] c;nL pkef]Stf
:jod\ x'G5g\ . km]l/, PSn} geP/ ;xsfo{
u/L ;+oS' t k'h
F L nufgL ul/g] x'gfn]
s'g} Ps÷b'O{ hgfnfO{ cfly{s ef/ kb}g{ .
F L nufgLstf{x¿
o; k|sf/ p:t} ;fgf k'h
;xsf/Lsf dfWodaf6 lj:tf/} lj:tf/}
cfly{s ¿kfGt/0fsf] lbzftkm{ s]lGb|t
x'g] ub{5g\ .
;fdflhs ¿kfGt/0fdf ;xsf/L
;a} k|s[ltsf ;xsf/L ;+:yfdf
sDtLdf @% hgf ;b:o x'g' kg]{
Joj:yfaf6 ;fdflhs ¿kfGt/0fsf]
cfefif kfOG5 . cGt/f{li6«o ;xsf/L
dxf;+3åf/f kfl/t l;4fGtsf] cfwf/df
g]kfnsf ;xsf/L ;+:yfx¿ u7g x'g]
ub{ 5 g\ . o;sf] d" N o dfGotf
k|hftflGqs 9ª\usf] 5 . ;xsf/Lsf
;b:ox¿sf] x}l;ot ;dfg /xg] x'bF f
klg ;xsfo{ ug{ ;xh cg'et" x'G5 .
ToxfF hft–eft, 5'jf5't, wgL–ul/j
s]xLsf] klg e]befj x'Gg . ;xsf/L
;+3÷;+:yfdf JolQm jf ;+3÷;+:yf
cyjf lgsfo s;–s;n] ;b:otf
kfpg ;S5g\ / s:tf] kl/l:yltdf
s;–s;nfO{ ;b:otf lbOFbg} , To;sf]
jf/]df k|i6 ¿kdf pNn]v ePsf] x'gfn]
gLlt aflx/ s;} n ] hfg ;d] t
;Sb}gg\ . ;+:yfsf dflns Ps} gf;]
x'gfn] klg Psn] csf{sf] sb/ ug]{
efjgfsf] ljsf; k|an ¿kdf x'G5 .
k|d] ljgf dflg;sf] hLjg cw'/f] x'G5 .
ck'/f]nfO{ k"0f{tf lbg k|d] sf] xft x'G5 .
k|]dk"0f{ jftfj/0fdf ;xsf/L If]qdf
sfd ug]{ jftfj/0f x'G5 . ;xsf/Ln]
lhpg] snf l;sfpF 5 . k| ] d g}
hut\sf] ;f/ xf] . ;xsf/Ln] k|]d

l;sfpF5, ;b\efj km}nfpF5 . cfkm}F
dflns / k| f oM dflns g}
>lds÷sd{ r f/L /xg] ePsf] n ]
;xsf/Ln] ;fdflhs ¿kfGt/0fdf
dxTjk"0f{ :yfg /fVb5 .
lgisif{
;/sf/n] ;xsf/Lsf] ljsf;sf]
nflu ljleGg sfo{ ub}{ cfPsf] 5 .
;xsf/L P]g–lgodsf] th{df ug{sf
cltl/Qm s[ l if dGqfnosf] gfd
kl/jt{g u/L s[lif tyf ;xsf/L
dGqfno /flvg' / ;xsf/Lsf] k|j4{gsf]
nflu ;xsf/L ljefu / ;xsf/L ljsf;
jf]8s
{ f] :yfkgf tyf ;~rfng ul/g'n]
klg ;/sf/sf] pbf/tf b]lvG5 .
;/sf/sf ljleGg of] h gfx¿df
;xsf/Lsf] k|j4{g sfo{qmdx¿ ;dfj]z
ul/Psf] 5 . b]zsf] s[lif If]qsf ;fy}
;xsf/L If]qnfO{ ;]jf k'¥ofpg] p2]Zo
lnP/ s[lif gLlt @)^! klg hf/L
eO;s]sf] 5 . ;/sf/ ;xsf/Ldf
cfwfl/t pBf]u Pj+ Joj;fonfO{
k|fyldstf lbO{ ahf/–;"rgf k|0ffnLsf]
ljsf;, lj:tf/ / k|jfx ug{] sfo{df
lqmofzLn /xFb} cfPsf] 5 . lghL Pjd\
;xsf/L If]qn] :yfgLo lgsfo;Fu
;fe]mbf/L u/L :yfgLo :t/df /x]sf]
;–;fgf k'h
F L / cGo ;|ft] sf] kl/rfng
tyf k|j4{gaf6 bf]xf]/f] nfe lng ;Sg]
cj:yf cfpF5 . …ufpFufpFdf ;xsf/L
3/3/df /f] h uf/LÚ gf/fsf ;fy
;/sf/n] ;xsf/Lsf] ljsf; /
lj:tf/df dxTjk"0f{ of]ubfg k'¥ofO/x]sf]
kfOG5 . ;xsf/L P]g @)$* nfu"
ePkl5 s[lif If]qsf] dfq xf]Og ljleGg
k|s[ltsf ;xsf/L ;+:yfx¿ u7g ug{]
xf]8afhL g} rn]sf] kfOG5 . sltko
art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yfx¿n]
;xsf/L P]g / lgodsf] dd{ / efjgf
k|lts"n sfd ugf{n] ;du| ;xsf/Ltfdf
g} hgljZjf; w'ldn x'g k'Uof] . o;
vfn] ljs[lt lgbfgsf nflu ;xsf/L
P]g @)$* df ;+zf]wg u/L cfk\mgf
z]o/ ;b:o jfx]s c¿;Fu cfly{s
sf/f]jf/ ug{ gkfOg] Joj:yf eof] .
To;kl5 eg] ;j{;fw/0fsf] ;]jf /
k'FhLsf] ;'/Iff x'g] / nfef+z k|fKt x'g]
s'/fdf dgUo} ;'wf/ x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 .
;xsf/L ;b:ox¿n] cfkm\gf] If]qdf
cfjZostf b]v] cg';f/ vf]lnPsf
snsf/vfgf, 3/]n' pBf]u, ljlto
;+:yfx¿ qmdzM ;jn / ;Ifd aGb}
uO/x]sf b]lvG5g\ .
–lnl6n km\nfj/ p= df= lj=
/fhlj/fh–(, ;Kt/L

/fli6«o cv08tf ;fdflhs
dof{bf e]befj/lxt ;Toto
;"rgfsf] ;Dk|i] f0f, zflGt
k|j4{gdf cu|;/ x'g' xfdL
;a}sf] st{Jo xf] .

g] k fn ;/sf/
;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfno

;"rgf ljefu

;+3Lotf cf]em]ndf kfg]{ if8\oGq
/fhf/fd clwsf/L
klZrd M ;+3Lotfsf] /fhgLlts k2lt d"Vo u/L s]lGb|o ;/sf/ / k|fGtLo /fHo_ ;/sf/ alrsf] zlQm ;Gt'ng xf] jf egf}+ s]Gb|Lo ;/sf/ cGtu{t k|fGtLo
;/sf/ /x]klg s]Gb|Lo ;/sf/sf] x:tIf]k eGbf k[ys ¿kdf ;dGjogsf/L e"ldsf
;+3Lotfdf kfO{G5 . ;+ljwfg;efdf g} ;+3Lotf /fhgLlts clwsf/ egf}+ jf ;+3Lo
/fHo egL ls6fg ul/Psf] x'G5 eg] s]Gb| / k|bz
] jf k|fGtLo /fHoaLrsf] clwsf/,
/fhgLlts, cfly{s, ;fdflhs nufotsf] d'2fx¿ ls6fgL ul/Psf] x'G5 . zlQm
;Gt'ng s]Gb| / k|bz
] aLr km/s x'G5 . d'Vo u/L ;]gf / ljb]zL gLlt tyf d'2fsf]
k|of]u s]Gb|Lo ;/sf/sf] clwgdf /xG5 eg] To;afx]s cGo zlQmx¿ k|fGtLo
;/sf/n] cfkm\g} clwgdf lng ;Sb5 . ljleGg /fhgLlts lg0f{ox¿ tyf d'2fx¿df
k|fGtLo ;/sf/sf k|ltlglw klg s]Gb|Lo ;/sf/ jf c+ux¿df ;xeflu x'g ;S5g\ .
;+3Lotf eg]sf] /fhgLlts pb]Zo k|flKtsf nflu hgtfsf] b}lgs cfjZostf /
;'ljwfsf] :yfgLo :t/df k'¥ofpg] j}1flgs k2lt xf] . t/ klg ;+3Lotfn] ubf{
hflto åf]Gb tyf ;d:of blIf0f clk|msf, Sofg8f, Olyof]lkof, gfOh]l/of / cGo
' ;Fu kl5Nnf] ;dodf g]kfndf klg b]vf k/]sf] 5 . ;+3Lo k|0ffnL eg]sf]
d'ns
ljleGg hflt, ju{, If]q / ;d'bfosf] xs clwsf/ ;+/lIft ug]{ k|hftflGqs k2lt
xf] . ljleGg lj2jfgx¿sf] ljrf/df ;fdflhs tyf /fhgLlts cfwf/df /fHonfO{
ljefhg ug'{ jf ;+3 agfpg' d'Votof hflto ¿kdf Hofb} s7Lg x'G5 . lsgsL
o;n] hflto /fhgLltnfO{ a9jf lbG5 eg] csf]l{ t/ ;Ifd / k|lt:kwf{sf] cfwf/df
wGbf hflto cfwf/df /fhgLlts g]tT[ j tyf /fHo ;Qfdf ;xeflutfsf] k|Zg
pAhfpF5 . lj2fg xf]/f]ljh / km]lng/ klg hftLotfn] cfˆgf] zf;g cfkm} ug]{
kl/kf6L ePklg /fhgLlts l;åfGtdf hfltotf xfgL x'G5 h;n] ubf{ ;dfwfg
eGbf ;d:of lgDTofpg] vt/f a9\5 .
hflto klxrfg d'Vo u/]/ ;+3Lotfsf] cfwf/ ePsf] / o;}nfO{ /fhgLlts/0f
g]kfndf ul/Psf] 5 . o;df ;r]t x'gk} 5{ ls hflto ;+3Lotfaf6 g} ljleGg
hfltx¿aLrsf] åf]Gb tyf lje]b / k5fl8 k/]sf / kfl/Psf hflt jf
;d'bfonfO{ /fHosf] d'n k|jfxdf Nofpg ;lsG5 . hflto clwsf/÷cu|flwsf/
jf hflto ;zlQms/0f cfh g]kfnsf] /fhgLltdf b]vf k/]sf] 5 . o;af6 g}
g]kfndf cfh ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGqtfTds d"ns
' ag]sf] 5 eg] ;+3x¿sf]
lgdf{0f jf egf}+ k|fb]lzs ;+Vof / :jfot clwsf/sf] afF8kmfF8 ug]{ lhDd]jf/L
;+ljwfg;efn] kfPsf lyof] . t/, ljutsf] ;+ljwfg;efdf -lj+=; @)^$ r}t
b]lv @)^( h]7 !$_ ;Dd ljleGg sfo{x¿ ePklg /fHo k'g;+/rgfsf]
ax;n] ;fy{stf kfpg ;s]g . o;sf] k|dv
' sf/0f /fHo k'g;+/rgf ;ldltn]
klg ;/sf/nfO{ a'emfPsf] k|ltj]bgdf hfltotfsf] klxrfg / ef}uf]lns jf
cGo ;f+:s[lts klxrfgsf] cfwf/df k|bz
] x¿sf] gfdfs/0f jf gS;f+sg eGg]
ljifodf klg dte]b /x\of] eg] !) j6f !$ j6f df ^÷& j6f slt j6f
k|bz
] x¿ jf egf}+ ;+3x¿ lgdf{0f ug{ eGg] ljifodf klg k|dv
' /fhgLlts
bnx¿aLr 6s/fj pTkGg eof] . d'Vo u/]/ Pg]skf dfcf]jfbL / dw]zjfbL
bnx¿ hftLo klxrfgdf cl8u /x]sf lyP eg] g]kfnL sf+u;
]| / Pdfn]n]
hftLo klxrfgnfO{ g:jLsfg]{ jf egf}+ hflto cu|flwsf/sf] lj/f]wdf plqP .
log} d'Vo ljjflbt ljifox¿ s/La !!# j6f dWo]sf] d'Vo @! j6f a'bfFdf
;xdlt x'g g;Sbf g]kfnsf] klxnf] hglgjf{lrt ;+ljwfg;ef lj36g x'g
k'Uof] . csf]t{ km{ g]kfnL /fhgLltdf /fhgLlts bnx¿sf] cl:tTj ;+s6df
uO{ u}//fhgLlts bn jf egf}+ axfnjfnf k|wfgGofwL;sf] cWoIftfdf k"j{
lghfdtL sd{rf/Lx¿sf] dGqLk/Lifb u7g eO{ lgjf{rgsf] DofG8]6 kfPsf]
5 . of] ;/sf/n] lj+=; @)&) d+l;/ $ ut] csf]{ gofF ;+ljwfg;ef r'gfjsf]
ldlt 3f]if0ff u/]klg /fhgLlts l:y/tf gx'bF f r'gfjsf] s'g} Uof/]6L b]lvb}g .
;+3Lotfsf] df]8n] df pRrtd ;b'kof]u u/]sf /fi6«x¿df Sofg8f / :jLh/Nof08
xf] . csf]l{ t/ Sofg8fdf So'jfsf] :jtGqtfsf] d'2f d'Vo lyof] . g]kfnh:tf]
!)# j6f hft—hflt jf egf}+ g]kfn ;/s/fn] ;'rLs[t u/]sf] %( hft—hflt
ePsf] d'ns
' df hfltotfsf] k|Zg jf hfltotfsf] cfwf/df k|bz
] lgdf{0f ug]{
sfo{ lgs} sl7g b]lvG5 . ljutdf klxrfg / ;fdYo{sf] cfwf/df /fHosf]
k'g;+/{ rgf ug]{ ljifodf klg hflto klxrfg jf cfk|flwsf/n] dfq :yfg
kfpg'n] klg g]kfndf hflto åf]Gbsf] vt/f jf hflto /fhgLlt df}nfpFb}
uPsf] kfO{G5 . olb hfltotfsf] cfwf/df ;+3sf] lgdf{0f ug]{ xf] eg] klg %
b]lv !) k|ltzt /x]sf cGo ;d"xsf jf /fp6], s';0' 8f nufotsf] clwsf/
jf egf}+ cNk;+Vossf] clwsf/sf] ;+/If0f s;n] ug]{ of] lgs} hl6n ljifo
xf]u: . csf]l{ t/ dw]zL, hghflt, cflbjf;L ljifodf ;d]t dtleGgtf kfO{G5 .
hftLo ;d'bfo h:t} yf¿, lnDa', du/, u'¿ª, tfdfª cnk;+Vos 5}gg\ t/
pgLx¿n] klg hftLo /fHosf] dfu u/]sf 5g\ . h;sf] hg;+Vof !% b]lv @%
k|ltzt 5 . hftLotf s'g} hGdl;2 l;4fGt xf]Og of] t ;fdflhs l;4fGt xf]
h'g hftLotfsf] gfddf /fhgLlt ug]{ s]xL g]tT[ jn] hGdfPsf] aLp klg xf] .
;+3Lotfsf] ;jfndf hftLotf eGbf klg /fHosf] d'n k|jfxdf cfpg g;s]sf]
/ k5fl8 kfl/Psf hgtfx¿nfO{ ;d]t /fHosf] d"n k|jfxdf Nofpg /fHosf]
;fwg / ;|ft] tyf zlQmsf] plrt afF8kmfF8 ug'{ g} xf] . To;}u/L ;+3Lotfn] g}
;dfhdf /x]sf hftLo, juL{o, n}lu+s / lje]bsf] cGTo tyf cNk;+Vossf]
clwsf/ / :yfgLo hgtfnfO{ ;fj{ef}d / zlQm ;DkGg agfpFb5 . To;}n]
;+3Lotf /fHox¿sf hgtfaLr Pstf ug{ k5fl8 kfl/Psf jf k/]sf
hghfltx¿aLrsf] Pstf / pgLx¿df /fli6«o Pstf k|ltsf] ul/df g}
;+3Lotfsf] d"n dGq xf] . vf;u/L lglZrt lk5l8Psf ju{, hghflt tyf
;d'bfonfO{ s]xL ;dosf] nflu ;sf/fTds lje]b cGtu{tsf] l;4fGt ¿k
ckgfP/ /fHosf] d"n k|jfxdf Nofpg / k|ltlglwTj u/fpg ;lsG5 . o;nfO{
csf]{ ¿kdf ;dfj]zLs/0f / ;zlQms/0f elgG5 . ;dfj]zLs/0f cGtu{t
g]kfnsf ljleGg cflbjf;L, hghflt, dw]zL ;d'bfo, lk5l8Psf] If]q nufotnfO{
;dfj]zL l;4fGt ckgfP/ /fHosf ljleGg c+udf lgo'lQm / cj;/x¿sf]
dfWod l;h{gf ul/Psf] kfO{G5 . ;+3Lotf cGtu{t d'Vo ;d:of /fHosf]
cfly{s gLlt g} xf] . s]Gb|Lo ;/sf/sf] cfly{s ¿kdf slQsf] ;Ifd 5 .
k|fGtLo ;/sf/af6 jf egf}+ k|fGtaf6 dfq p7]sf] /fh:j s]gb|Lo ;/sf/n]
vr{ ug]{ clVtof/L /fVb5 eg] ToxfF s]lGb|o x'g k'Ub5 . csf]t{ k{m ;a}
k|fGtx¿ klg cfly{s ;dfgtf x'g ;Sb}gg\ . csf]t{ km{ k|sl[ ts cfly{s ;|ft]
;fwgsf] ;dfg pkof]u / k|of]u gx'g ;Sb5 . csf{tkm{ k|fGtLo÷/fHGo
;/sf/n] cfˆgf] cfly{s ;|ft] sf] lqmofsnfk gu/L s]Gb|Lo ;/sf/df lge{/
ub{5 eg] k|fGtx¿sf] ljsf; ;Dej x'bF g} / ;+3Lo k|0ffnL emg} sdhf]/
x'g]5 . csf{tkm{ a9L cfo ;|f]t ePsf k|fGt jf /fHox¿n] sdhf]/
k|bz
] ÷/fHox¿nfO{ / lglZrt k|ltzt s]Gb|Lo 9's6' Ldf hDdf ug]{ lglt
th'd{ fu/]df s]Gb|Lt ;/sf/n] pQm /sd sd cfo;|ft] ePsf k|fGt jf
/fHodf nufgL ub{5 . o;/L cfly{s gLlt dha'b ePdf ;+3Lo k|0ffnL
ljsf; ug]{ cfwf/lznf v8f x'G5 . t/, g]kfndf kl5Nnf] k6s jf ;+3Lotf
k|0ffnLdf d'Vo u/]/ hflto åf]Gbn] ubf{ cfly{s / ljsf;sf d'2f cf]em]ndf
k/]sf] b]lvG5 . cfg g]jf/ / a|fxD0f v; If]qL ;d'bfoaLr g} hfltotfsf]
dfgl;stf lahf/f]k0f x'g yfn]sf] 5 . g]kfndf xfdL g]kfnL xf} eGg] efjgfsf]
ljsf; ub}{ /fhgLlts bnx¿ g} cfˆgf] /fhgLlts Wo]o k'lt{ ug{ jf gofF
hgdtsf] cfwf/ l;h{gf ug{] gfddf hfltotfsf] gf/f Nofpg] jf To;sf] nflu
;+3Lotf xf] eg] To;sf] kl/df0f /fd|f] x'bF' g} . o;af6 ;+3Lotf :yfgLo ljsf;sf]
nflu geO{ o;n] ljgfzsf] ¿k klg wf/0ff gunf{ eGg ;lsGg .

7

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u )# /f;c nf; )&)@

;fdflhs ljrngsf] k/fsfi7f

xfdL a;f]af; u/]sf] ;dfh, JolSt–
JolSt / kl/jf/–kl/jf/ ldn]/ Pp6f
dxfg dfgj ;Eotfsf] sfnv08df
ljlg{df{0f ePsf] xf] . of] /ftf/ft tof/
ePsf] hfb'u/L xf]Og . ;Eotfsf] ljsf;sf]
hudf Ps–Ps O"6f /fVg] ;fy{s k|of;
xfd|f jL/lj/fËgf k"j{x?sf] of]ubfg
uf}/jdo Oltxf;sf kfgfx?df k9]/ cjut
ug{;lsG5 . ;dfh l:y/, zfGt / ;d[4
x'g,' ;fdflhs hLjgult ;xh;"u ofkg
x'g' ;fdflhs ljsf;sf] cj:yf xf] eg]
;dfhdf lx+;f, e]befj, bdg, cGofo,
cTofrf/, zf]if0f, pTkL8g ;fdflhs
ljrngsf] cj:yfsf] pbfx/0f xf] . cem
cfwf wtL{ / cfwf cfsfz 9fSg] dlxnfju{
g} lx+;fsf] rk]6fdf kg{ ;fdflhs ljrng,
dfgjLo d"NoxLgtf / ;fdflhs x|fG;f]dv
'
l:ylt xf] eGbf cTo'lSt gxf]nf . t;y{
dlxnf lx+;f hf] jt{dfgdf Xboljbf/s
36gfsf ?kdf ;dfhdf 3l6t ePsf
5g\, ;fdflhs ljrngsf] k/fsfi7f dfGg
;lsG5 . o:tf] cj:yfsf] Pp6f dfq
cf}iflw 5}g h'g ;]jg ugf{n] l;6fdf]n
SofK;'n vfP/ ;fdfGo Hj/f] lgsf]
ePh:tf] xf];\ . o;sf t ax'cfoflds
sf/0f x'g ;S5g\ . /fhgLlts, ;fdflhs,
cfly{s, ;f+:s[lts, sfg'gL, wfld{s cflb–
cflb h' g n} l Ës ljz] i f1sf]
cWoog÷cg';Gwfgsf] ;d;fdlos
ljifoj:t' aGg ;S5 . jt{dfg ;dosf]
of] Pp6f uDeL/ ;fdflhs ;d:of xf]
h'g ;d:ofn] ;bf dfgjsf] lz/
lgx'/fp"5 . ;[li6 ug{ gf/L >]o kfpg]
a|XdfhL ofgL k'?ifsf] k|tLs . ck/fw
ug{ ck/fwL bf]ifL aGg'kg]{ / kfkL k'?ifsf]
st't{ sf] kl/0ffd hLjge/ ef]Ug jfWo
aGg'kg{] lgbf]i{ f gf/L s:tf] ;[li6 ;+/rgf
clkt' ck/fwLnfO{ sfg"gn] kmf";L lbg
klg ;'wf/fTds sfg"gsf] k|lts"n x'g] <
s;/L of] h3Go ;fdflhs ck/fw lgd{n
"
ug]{ of ck/fw sdu/fpg] s] 5 /fdjf0f <
k|xf/ ug{ l9nf eO;s]g / < lxhf]–cfh
g]kfn, ef/t / o; cf;kf;sf ufp"j:tL,
zx/ ahf/ hxf" sxL+ dlxnf lx+;f d"ntM
zf/Ll/s cfqmd0f, anfTsf/, oftgf, xTof,
r]nLa]6L a]rlavg, dfgj t:s/L,
ckx/0f, lkm/f} t Lh:tf cdfgjLo
cfk/flws 36gfsf >[v
+ nf kqklqsf,
/]l8of], 6]lnlehg, s]z cWoogaf6 ;j{q
k9g ;'Ggdf cfO/x]5g\ . o:tf 36gfx?

k|dv
' tM cfˆg} 3/kl/jf/ jf glhssf
cfkmGt gft]bf/ jf o:t} lrg]hfg]sf
dflg;x?af6 x'g] u/]sf pbfx/0f klg
nfdf] km]xl/:tdf cfO/x]5g\ . Psflt/ xfdL
;/sf/L, u}/;/sf/L, gful/s ;dfh,
;fd'bflos ;+3;+:yf cflb ;+3;+:yfx?n]
dlxnf clwsf/sf gfddf 7"nf–7"nf,
sfo{zfnf, uf]i7L, ;]ldgf/, efif0f ub}{
uO/x]sf 5f},+ / ;/sf/L / cGt/f{li6«o
cg'bfg, ;xof]u÷C0fnufot s/f]8f}+ s/f]8
vlr{/x]sf 5f}+ . csf]l{ t/ h3Go cdfgjLo
cfk/flws 36gfsf >[v
+ nfsf ?kdf lbg
b'u0' ff /ft rf}u0' ff eO/x]sf 5g\ . ljåfg,
zf]wstf{, cg';Gwftf, n}lËs ljz]if1sf]
Pp6f vf]hsf] ljifo aGg ;S5 . lsGt'
o; ljifoaf/] Wofgfsif{0f tyf ;du|
;fdfGo b[li6sf]0f påf]w dfq ug{ k|oTg
o; cfn]vdf ul/G5 .
aa{/ h+unL o'u ofofj/ lkm/Gt]
lzsf/L cj:yfaf6 ljsf; x' " b }
kfiff0fsfnLg 9'Ë] o'u, kmnfd]ou' , s[lifo'u,
cf}Bf]luso'u x'b" } cfh lj1fg / k|ljlw
tyf ;"rgf / ;~rf/sf] o'udf kbfk{0f
ul//x]sf] 5 . of] dfgj ;Eotfsf] ofqf
piffsfnb]lv cfw'lgssfnLg cj:yf;Dd
xhf/f}+ xhf/ jif{sf] dxfg k"jx{ ?sf] d]xgt,
Tofu tk:of / alnbfgaf6 dfq k|fKt
ePsf] xf] . xhf/f}+ dfOnsf] ofqf Ps
kfOnfaf6 z'? x'G5 eg]em}+ Ps–Ps
kfOnfaf6 of] sl7gofqf kf/ ub}{ dfgj
;Eotfsf] ljsf; ePsf] kfOG5 . ;dfh
ultzLn 5 . dfgjLo cfjZostfsf
txut >[v
+ nfn] ubf{ cfjZostf, vf]h
jf k'gv
{ f]hsf] clgjfo{tf ePsf] xf] . lxhf]sf]
;Eotf cfh / cfhsf] ;fdflhstf ef]ln
b|t' ultdf ;+:sf/df ?kfGt/0f x'b" } uO/x]sf]
oyfy{tf xfdL s;}af6 l5k]sf] 5}g .
lj1fgn] cfdGq0f u/]sf] ef}ltsjfb /
;"rgf tyf ;~rf/n] b]vfPsf] kf/blz{tfsf]
oyfy{tfdf cfOk'Ubf;Dd ;dfhn] lxhf]sf]
d"No–dfGotf / cfbz{nfO{ k5fl8 5f]8b\ }
oyfy{jfbL aGb} pkef]u ug{ ef]ujfbL
;+:s[ltdf ljr/0f ul//x]5 . x/]s dflg;
clxn] If0fLstfsf] nflu To;df klg
cfhsf] nflu dfq ;f]R5, ef]lnsf] nflu
;f]Rg] k"m;{b 5}g . o:t} k'gh{Gdsf] lxGb' /
a'4 wd{n] kl/sNkgf u/]sf s'/f ldYof /
xf:of:kb 7fgL Jojxf/df cjnDjg
ub}g{ . clxn] pkef]ujfbn] pkof]lutfjfb
;+s6df k/]sf] 5 . k|of]u u/ / ˆofs

jftf{ /====

b:tfj]hx¿ ;j{;Ddt ¿kdf kfl/t
eP . #= pSt b:tfj]hx¿sf] d"n
cGt/j:t' / ;f/;+If]k o;k|sf/ /x]sf]
5.
k|ltj]bgdf b]zdf /fli6«o :jfwLgtf,
hgtGq tyf hghLljsfsf cfwf/e"t
;d:of cToGt hl6n aGb} uPsf],
cfly{s, /fhgLlts, ;f+:s[lts tyf
;+jw} flgs ;+s6 tLj| ¿kdf r'ln+b}
cfPsf] / k|ltlqmofjfbL zlSts]Gb|x¿åf/f
uDeL/ k|sf/sf] if8\oGq eO/x]sf] jt{dfg
j:t'ut /fhgLlts kl/l:yltsf] ;dLIff
ul/Psf] 5 / hgjfbL qmflGtsf nflu
cfTdut zlStsf] ljsf; ub}{ cufl8
a9\gk' g]{ s'/fdf hf]8 lbOPsf] 5 . bz
jif{sf] dxfg hgo'4 tyf ljleGg
hgcfGbf]ngx¿df cleJoSt hgtfsf]
Tofu, alnbfgL efj tyf d'lStsf
cfbz{/lt uDeL/ ljZjf;3ft ul/Psf],
;fd|fHojfb tyf lj:tf/jfbsf] u'?of]hgf
Pj+ lgb]z
{ g tyf j}bl] zs k|ltlqmofjfb
k|:t't kZrufdL tyf oyfl:yltjfbL
/fhgLlts zlStx¿sf] kxn Pj+
s7k'tnL ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tjdf x'g
uO/x]sf] lgjf{rg dfkm{t\ hgtfsf]
;+ljwfg aGg] ;b\efjgf gb]lvPsf] /
r}q ! ut]sf] k|ltudgsf/L sbdsf]
vf/]hL, ;j{kIfLo uf]nd]r;ef, bnLo
;xdltsf cfwf/df /fli6«o ;+oS' t
;/sf/sf] u7g nufotsf xfd|f
dfux¿sf] k"0f{M cj1f ul/Psf] l:yltdf
;+ljwfg;efsf] bf];f| ] slyt lgjf{rgsf]
s'g} cf}lrTo b]lv+bg} . o; l:yltdf
;+ljwfg;efsf] slyt bf];f| ] lgjf{rgsf]
;lqmo tyf ;zSt ¿kdf alxisf/
ug]{ lg0f{o lnOPsf] 5 .
alxisf/ cfGbf] n g dfkm{ t \
k|ltlqmofjfbL /fHo;Qf tyf Joj:yfsf]
lj/f]w / /fli6«o :jfwLgtfsf] /Iff,
hgtGqsf] :yfkgf tyf hghLljsfsf
cfwf/e"t ;d:ofx¿sf] ;dfwfg ug{
;DkGg ul/g] gofF hgjfbL qmflGtsf]
tof/Lsf nflu cfwf/ tof/ kfg{ lg0f{o
lnOPsf] 5 . cfGbf]ngsf] cfjZostf
cg';f/ jftf{ tyf ;Demf}tfsf] 9f]sf v'nf
/fVg] lg0f{o lnOPsf] 5 . r}q ! ut]sf]

…Pdfcf]jfbLaf6 xfd|f] Pstf x'bF 5} , Pstf
x'bF 5} eg]/ elgFb5} , of] sf+u;] | / Pdfn]nfO{
t;f{pg] d]nf] xf] . r'gfjdf xfdL
Pstfj4 eP/ hfG5f}+ / Pstfj4 eP/
uPkl5 ltdLx¿nfO{ x/fpF5f}+ eg]/
t;f{pg dfq} o:tf] elgPsf] xf]Ú k|r08
kIfn] Pstfsf] s'/f ug{sf] sf/0f
v'nfpFb} pgn] eg] . Pdfcf]jfbLdf
olta]nf ;+s6 cfPsf] / To;nfO{ 6fg{
tyf xfFn} dfcf]jfbL sfo{tf{nfO{ e|ddf
kfg{klg Pstfsf] xNnf rnfOPsf]
ls/0fn] bfla u/] .
o;}u/L, dfcf]jfbLn] cfufdL ;fpg
!) ut]bl] v r'gfj alxisf/ cfGbf]ng
yfNg] 3f]if0ff;d]t u/]sf] 5 . ;'?df
k|rf/fTds sfo{qmd ul/g] / jlxisf/sf]
sfo{qmd eg] s]lGb|o sfof{no agfpg]
dxf;lrj afbnn] hfgsf/L lbP .
alxisf/ cfGbf]ngsf] kIfdf /x]sf cGo
bnx¿;Fu tfnd]n ul/g] pgn] atfP .
kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf cWoIf df]xg j}B
ls/0f / dxf;lrj /fdaxfb'/ yfkf
afbnsf] xtfIf/df ljt/Lt k|];–
jStJosf] k"0f{ljj/0f o; k|sf/sf] 5–
…oxL @)&) ;fn c;f/ !% ut]bl] v
!* ut];Dd cWoIf s=ls/0fsf]
cWoIftfdf g]kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{–
dfcf]jfbLsf] s]lGb|o ;ldltsf] bf];f| ] k"0f{
a}7s ;DkGg eof] . o; a}7sdf
lnOPsf cfjZos tyf dxTjk"0f{
lg0f{ox¿af/] o; k|;
] lj1lKt dfkm{t\
;fj{hlgs ¿kdf hfgsf/L u/fOPsf]
5 . != s]lGb|o ;ldltsf] a}7ssf]
k|f/Dedf dxfg\ hgo'4, hgcfGbf]ng
tyf ju{ ;+3if{sf] k|lqmofdf ;xfbt k|fKt
ug{] ePsf jL/ cd/ ;lxbx¿k|lt Ps
ldg6 df}g wf/0ff u/L efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL
ck{0f ul/of] . @= s]lGb|o ;ldltsf] ;f]
a}7sdf cWoIf s= ls/0fåf/f /fhgLlts
k|ltj]bg / dxf;lrj s= /fdaxfb'/
yfkfåf/f ;+u7g tyf ;+3if{;DaGwL
k|:tfjx¿ k|:t't ul/P . Jofks ax;
tyf 5nkmn kZrf{t cfjZos ;+zf]wg,
yk36 tyf kl/dfh{g ;lxt tL

j;Gt clwsf/L

(Use & through) sf] j:t' j fbL

lj1fgsf] b[li6sf]0fn] ubf{ dfgjLotf
d"NoxLg ePsf] 5 . dfgjLotfdf x|f;
cfPsf] 5 . jt{dfg lzIff k4lt k]6kfnf
dfq agL d"NoxLg alg/x]5 . lzIffdf g
dfgjLotf 5 g t bL3{sfnLg k|efj .
;fdflhs ;DjGw Jofkfl/s /x]sf] 5 .
;:tf cZnLn rnlrq, uLt, ;+uLtsf]
afx'Notf 5 . lj1fg tyf k|ljlwsf]
cGwfg's/0f dfqn] dfgj oflGqstfdf
kml;/x]sf] / dfgj d"Nosf] b'?kof]u
eO/x]sf] 5 . cTofw'lgs ;"rgf k|ljlwsf
dxTjk"0f{ cfljisf/x? h:tf] OG6/g]6,
km];a's, 6\o6' « h:tf ;fdflhs ;~hfnsf
u'0ffTds k|ljlwnfO{ gof" o'jf k':tfn]
;b'kof]u eGbf b'?kof]u a9L ul//x]5 .
o;nfO{ lgoGq0f, lgb{z
] g ug{ /fli6«o
sfg"g sdhf]/ dfq xf]Og c;dy{;d]t
/x]sf] 5 . gUg, cZnLn j]j;fO6x? ljb]zL
d'ns
' x?af6 cfoftLt eO{ cgGt l;h{gfsf]
e08f/ o'jf k':tf o:tf 3l6of s'sT[ odf
cDdnL aGb} uO/x]5 . ljZjJofkLs/0fn]
ubf{ ljrf/, ;]jf, j:t', ;"rgf, 1fg,
lj1fg, k|ljlwnufot ;f+:s[ltstfsf] ;d]t
;Ldf kf/ ul/;s]sf] cj:yf ljBdfg
5 . ;"rgf k|ljlwsf] Jofks ;~hfnleq
cfˆgf]kg, df}lnstf 5}g . ;f+:s[lts
ljrng, k/;+:s[lt u|x0f h:tf h3Go
dfgjck/fw al9/x]5g\ . ;+:s[ltljå
eG5g\– …s;}sf] ;Eotf gi6 ug{] 5 eg]
klxnf p;sf] ;+:s[ltnfO{ k|xf/ ug'k{ 5{ .Ú
cfhef]ln lxGb' wd{;:+ s[lt o:t} k|xfl/t
ePsf] 5 . ;:tf cZnLn rnlrq, uLt
;+uLtsf] afx'Notfn] jt{dfg cj:yfdf
xfd|f] ;+:s[lt rf}af6f]df jf6f] x/fPsf]
a6'jfh:tf] ljnvaGb kl//x]5 . ef]hgsf]
k|efj cNksfnLgdf k]6 eg{ dfq geP/
bL3{sfnLg ;sf/fTds jf gsf/fTds
c;/ kb{5 . h:tf] vfgkfg p:t} Jojxf/
aG5 . lxhf]cfh dflg;x?df vfglkgdf
s'g} ;+odtf 5}g . db / dlb/fhGo
tfd;L k]o kbfy{x? afn, j[4, o'jf
;a}nfO{ v'nc
] fd laqmL / k|of]udf 5 .
zx/L jftfj/0f cToGt k|bl" ift 5 .
gsf/fTds efjgfsf] ljsf; pGgrf;
jfo'sf] k|jfx h;/L j]ujfg eO/x]5 .
3/kl/jf/, ;dfh, /fi6« /
cGt/f{ l i6« o :t/;Dd st} klg
c;+jw} flgs tyf cnf]stflGqs sbdsf]
vf/]hL, cu|ufdL /fhgLlts lgsf;sf
nflu ;j{kIfLo uf]nd]r ;ef tyf bnLo
;xdltsf cfwf/df /fli6«o ;+oS' t
;/sf/sf] u7g / ;xdlt gxf]p~h]n
;Ddsf nflu lgjf{rg k|lqmofsf] :yug
nufotsf dfux¿nfO{ lnO{ ;zSt
cfjfh p7fpg] s'/f pNn]v ul/Psf]
5 . alxisf/ cfGbf]ngnfO{ l;Ëf] kf6L{,
;a} hgjuL{o ;+u7g tyf df]rf{x¿åf/f
PsLs[t ¿kdf Jofks hg;xeflutfsf
;fy ;~rfng ug{ 7]ufg ul/Psf] 5 .
oxL ;fpg !) ut]bl] v alxisf/
cfGbf]ngsf] yfngL ug{ lglZrt
ul/Psf] 5 . ;f] sfo{qmdsf] yfngL ;a}
lhNnfx¿df krf{, kf]i6/, leQ]nv
] g,
uf] i 7L, cGt/lqmof nufotsf
k|rf/fTds sfo{qmdx¿åf/f ul/g]5 .
alxisf/ cfGbf]ngsf] lg/Gt/tfsf
sfo{qmdx¿ s]lGb|o sfof{noåf/f
cfufdL lbgdf hf/L ul/g] s'/f pNn]v
ul/Psf] 5 . alxisf/ cfGbf]ngdf
;xdt x' g ] cGo /fhgLlts
zlStx¿;Fu cfjZos tfnd]n ldnfO{
;+oS' t ¿kdf cfGbf]ngsf sfo{qmdx¿
cufl8 a9fpg] 7]ufg ul/Psf] 5 .
alxisf/ cfGbf]ngnfO{ ;zSt tyf
k|efjsf/L agfpgsf nflu ;a} b]zeSt,
jfdkGyL tyf hgjfbL zlStx¿;Fu
ljz]if cg'/f]w tyf cfXjfg ug{] lg0f{o
lnOPsf] 5 . $= pkfWoIf s=uf}/jåf/f
k|:t't ;d;fdlos k|:tfj ;j{;Ddt
¿kdf kfl/t ul/Psf] 5 . %= ;/sf/
kIfLo /fhgLlts bnx¿ / ;/sf/sf
tkm{af6 jftf{sf] cfXjfg ul/Psf]
ljifodf xfd|f] kf6L{sf] Wofgfsif{0f ePsf]
5 . olb d'ns
' df ljBdfg ;Í6sf]
;dfwfg / cu|ufdL lgsf;sf nflu
ljgf zt{ xfd|f] kf6L{ tyf cfGbf]ngsf/L
## bnx¿l;t ;d]t gofF /fli6«o
/fhgLlts ;xdlt ug{ vf]lhPsf] xf]
eg] ;a} ljifodf jftf{sf] 6]andf v'nf
5nkmn ug{sf nflu xfd|f] kf6L{ klg
tof/ /x]sf] 5 / To;sf nflu xfd|f]
kf6L{sf] tkm{af6 cWoIf s= ls/0fsf]
g]tT[ jdf pkfWoIf s= l;lk uh'/n
] ,

lgoGq0ffTds :j?k kfO"bg} . dflg;x?df
;fTjLs efj / u'0f 5}g, d'vdf /fd/fd
junLdf 5'/fsf] Jojxf/ ePsf] kfOG5 .
kfk / k'0osf] 8/ / e/ s]xL 5}g .
wfld{stf, g}ltstf / cfbz{sf s'/f kmut
sfo/ / c;Ifdtfsf ljifo ag]sf]
;Gbe{df e|i6frf/, cg}ltstf / Jolerf/n]
;dfhnfO{ ljiffSt / kl/0ffdtM ljsnfË
agfO/x]5 .
Psflt/ k'/fgf] d"NodfGotf, wd{ bz{g,
lzIff tyf ;+:s[ltaf6 ;fdflhs ?kfGt/0f
tLj| j]udf ultdfg 5 eg] csf]l{ t/ g"tg
c+uh
]| L ;Eotf, d"NodfGotf, bz{g /
k|efjn] ;dfh cfqmfGt 5 . oxL åGådf
k'/fgf] / gof" k':tf ;+3if{/t 5 . kmut of]
b]jtf / bfgjn] ;+3if{ ;d'Gb| dGyg u/L
sfns'6 ljif cflj:sf/ ug{ h:t} ef/L
eO/x]5 . dfgjLo d"No lbgk|ltlbg
x|f;f]Gd'v 5 . s'g} sL/f km6\ofË|/f, hLjhGt',
kz'kG+ 5Lsf] aw eGbf ;:tf] / xn'sf Pp6f
;fdfGo 36gfsf] :j?kdf dfgj xTof
eO/x]5 . o;sf] bfz{lgs kIf dflg;n]
dflg;nfO{ ef}lts j:t'sf] ?kdf x]l//x]5 .
ef}ltstfn] dfgjnfO{ h8tf agfO/x]5 .
cGttM oflGqstfn] dfgjtfsf] k/fsfi7f
eO/x]5 . cfhsf] dflg;df ;f]rfOdf
ufDeLo{tf 5}g, st{Jodf Odfgbfl/tf 5}g .
x/]s s'/fdf zL3|tf, b|t' tf;"u} w'tt{ fsf]
ljsf; ePsf] 5 . dflg;sf] ;f]rfOdf
n3'tf cfO/x]5 . hlt k9]sf] ljåfg 5
plt a]Odfg, :jfyL{ / w"ta{ Gb} uO/x]5 .
ljBf bbflt ljgod……==sf] cfbz{ e]§fpg
xDd] k5{ . dflg;x?df bfloTjaf]w 5}g .
cfˆg} t'R5 :jfy{ / dkfO{Tjdf lgln{Kt
5 dfG5] . bfloTjaf]w Pj+ ck/fwaf]wsf]
efjgf x/fp"b} uO/x]5 . o:tf] ljifd
cj:yfnfO{ ;fdflhs ljrngsf] k/fsfi7f
geg]/ s] eGg' < vfBfGgdf ld;fj6 5 .
k]o kbfy{df ld;fj6 5 . lzIff, 1fg,
;Lk / k|ljlwdf gSsn jf kmf]6f]skL
;+:s[lt xfjL eO/x]5 . z'4 -lglvn_ st}
klg kfpg ;lsb}g . zx/Ls/0f Jofks
al9/x]5 . jg h+un km8fgL eO{ s+lqm6sf]
zx/df ?kfGt/0f eO/x]5 xfdL a:g] wtL{ .
of] olt l56f]–l56f] eO/x]5 ls xfd|f
k"jx{ ?n] r/}jl} t r/}jl} tsf] xhf/f}+ jif{nufP/
u/]sf] ;Eotfsf] ljsf; lj1fg tyf
k|ljlwn] cfh ldg]6e/df :j?k kl/jt{g
dxf;lrj s= /fdaxfb'/ yfkf afbnÚ,
;lrjåo s= b]j u'?ª tyf s=
g]qljqmd rGb /xg'ePsf] pRr:t/Lo
jftf{ 6f]nL u7g ug]{ lg0f{o xfn} ;DkGg
lk=la=sf] a}7sdf lnPsf] 5 . …o;}u/L
pSt kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf k|:t't s]lGb|o
;ldltsf] ;d;fdlos k|:tfjsf]
k"0f{laa/0f o; k|sf/sf] 5– != ;]tL,
dxfsfnL, e]/L, s0ff{nL nufotsf ljleGg
:yfgdf af9L k}/f]af6 ePsf] wghgsf]
Ifltk|lt of] a}7s uDeL/ b'Mv JoSt
ub{5 tyf o; b'36{ gfdf lbj+ut x'g'
ePsfx¿ k|lt efjk"0f{ >bf{~hnL ck{0f
ug's
{ f ;fy} cfkmGtx¿ u'dfpg' x'g]
;Dk"0f{ lbbL–jlxgL / bfh'–efOx¿ k|lt
xflb{ s ;dj] b gf k| s 6 ub{ 5 .
kLl8tx¿nfO{ /fxt / ;xfotf lbg] /
Iflt ePsf lrhx¨?sf] k'glgdf{0f ug{sf
;/sf/af6 ePsf] uDeL/ pk]Iff /
nfk/jfxLsf] of] a}7s 3f]/ eT;{gf ub{5
/ kLl8tx¿nfO{ cljnDj pko'St /fxt
/ ;xof]u pknJw u/fpg / k'glg{df{0fsf]
sfd cljnDj cl3 a9fpg dfu ub{5 .
o;} ;do tLyf{6gdf ef/tsf]
pQ/fv+8sf] s]bf/gfy uPsf ;}s8f}+
g]kfnLsf] jf9L k}/f]df kl/ Wofg uPsf]
36gfn] xfdLnfO{ cToGt b'lvt t'TofPsf]
5 . of] a}7s lbj+ut x'gx] ¿ k|lt
>bf~hnL ck{0f ug{sf ;fy} cfkmGt
u'dfpg]x¿ k|lt ulx/f] ;dj]bgf k|s6
ub{5 . @= hgefjgf ljk/Lt, xfd|f] kf6L{
nufotsf w]/} /fhgLlts bnx¿, ;+3
;+:yfx¿sf] lj/f]w / uDeL/ cfklQsf]
j]jf:tf u/L of] c;+jw} flgs / s7k'tnL
;/sf/n] oyfl:ylt d} cfufdL d+l;/
$ ut] ug{ eGg] u/]sf] …lgjf{rgÚsf]
3f]if0ff cljnDj vf/]h u/L pko'St
jftfj/0f agfpgsf nflu jftf{nfO{ cl3
a9fpg klg of] a}7s hf]8bf/ dfu
ub{5 . o;sf] pk]Iff u/]/ o;eGbf cl3
ul/Psf /fi6« 3 ft, lg/+ s ' z tf /
c;+jw} flgs sbdx¿sf] cg'df]bgsf
nflu ug{nfluPsf] slyt …lgjf{rgÚnfO{
;s[o ¿kdf jlxisf/ ug{ klg of] a}7s
;Dk"0f{ g]kfnL lbbL–jlxgL, bfh'–efOx¿
;+u hf]8bf/ cfXjfg ub{5 . #= ut

ug{ ;dy{g eO/x]5 . o;/L cfd"n
kl/jt{g u/L ;Eotfsf] ljsf; ul/Psf]
b]lvP klg ;fdflhs d"No–dfGotf,
wd{;:+ s[ltsf] ljrng eO/x]5 . k};
+ fk|lt
olt cfzSttf a9]sf] 5 ls …wg} 5,
;j{Qd ;f/ h] 5, ;a} wg} leq n'ls/x]5Ú
eGg] sljsf] Jo+UofTds kBf+zsf] ;fy{stf
a9]/ ;Dk"0f{ s'/f g} k};f xf] eGg] / wgsf
vflt/ h:tf];s
' } cg}lts s'sd{ ug{klg
cu|;/ aGg] / /ftf/ft wgL aGg] :jKgfb]lv
/f]uL dfgl;stfdf cfhsf] dflg;
clNem/x]5 .
bz{ g zf:qsf] l;4fGtcg' ; f/
dflg;sf] zf/Ll/s j[l4 / ljsf; x'b" }
uPkl5 ljsf;sf] k"0f{tfkZrft k'gM
x|f;f]Gd'v x'b" } cGttM d"n:j?kd} k'g/fj[lt
x'G5 . a'9fa'9L afns;/L aG5g\ / ljåfg
ckl7t h:tf . zf/Ll/s, dfgl;s,
af}l4s, ;+ju] fTds kIfdf o:tf] cj:yf
e]l6G5 . jf:tjdf lzsf/L h+unL o'uaf6
ljsf; x'b" } cfPsf] dfgjhflt ca s;nfO{
lzsf/ ug{] rf/}lt/ dflg; g} dflg; 5 .
To;df klg cfk"meGbf k[ys / sdhf]/
dlxnf, afnaflnsf, j[4, czSt o:t}–
o:t} . k/Gt' Pp6f kL8fbfoL s'/f s] 5
eg] cfd;~rf/ dfWodx?n] ck/fw jf
;fdflhs ljrngsf] k/fsfi7fsf
36gfx?nfO{ a8f] pT;fxj4{s / dxTjk"0f{
k'?iffy{kf| lKt ePsf] va/h:tf] u/L ;Dk|i] f0f
jf k|;f/0f ul//x]sf] kfOG5 . of] klg
lx+;fsf] Pp6f HjnGt gd"gf xf] . oyfy{tf
zf/Ll/s, dfgl;s, af}l4s / ;+ju] fTds,
efjgfTds?kdf lx+ ; f x' g ' h' g
lkt[;QfTds ;f]rn] h/f uf8]sf] cj:yfn]
klg o;nfO{ yk dnhn ul//x]5 . 36gf
eof], ;dfrf/ k|;f/0f eof] To;k|lt !)
hgfdWo] @ hgfn] dfq ;+jb] gzLntf
cleJoSt u/]sf] d'l:snn] kfpg
;lsPnf .
To;
;dfrf/
dgf]/~hgfTds?kdf k|:t'lts/0fsf] ljifo
aGg' la8Djgf x'g hfG5 . ef/tLo ;:tf
6]lnlehg / lkmNdL z}nLn] ubf{ o'jfx?sf]
dgf]bzfdf ;f"Rr} g} gsf/fTds efjgfn]
l;Ëf] ;dfhnfO{ gsf/fTds cj:yfdf
k'¥ofPsf] 5 .
ulxl/P/ ;fdflhs ljZn]if0f ubf{
;dfhn] dlxnf clwsf/;"u} e"ldsfdf
kl/jt{gsf] dfu ul//x]5 . k'?ifh:t} ;zSt,
xltof/o'St / ;d"xj4?kdf lx+•'n,
3'dlkm/ ug{k' g]{ ;dosf] dfu cfO/x]sf]

5 . cj zL3| g} ;dfrf/ aGg ;Sg'kb{5
ls k'?ifn] dlxnfdfly cfqmd0f, lx+;fsf]
k| T ofqmd0fdf ;dfh / dlxnfsf]
;kmntfsf] ljifo h;af6 dfgj ?kwf/L
bfgjx?nfO{ tTsfn sf/jfxL / s8feGbf
s8f b08sf] sfof{Gjog . kmnfdn]
kmnfdnfO{ sf6\5 eg]h:t} b'i6tfnfO{
b'i6tfn] g} lgif]w ug{k' g]{ afWofTds
pkrf/sf] pkfo klg cjnDjg ug'k5{ .
;Hhgtf / lzIffsf] ofqf dfgj ;Eotfsf]
ljsf;sf] ljifo xf] . k|To]s JolStnfO{
cem dlxnfju{nfO{ k|fyldstfsf ;fy
;fdfGo cfwf/e"t ;'/Iff tflnd clgjfo{M
/fHoaf6} k|bfg ug{] Joj:yf ug'k{ 5{ tfls
s'g} klg JolSt c;xh cj:yfdf lg/Lx
/ sfo/ aGg gk/f];\ . dlxnf d'lStsf
cfGbf]ngn] jiff{+}jif{;Ddsf bf;tfsf
h~hL/ t r'8" fNof] / ;f] qmd oyfjt
rln/x]5 . k/Gt' jiff{j}+ if{;Dd bf; x'b" fsf
cj:yfsf c;Ifdtf, s'h
" f] / kIf3ftL
cjnfkg x6fpg ;s]gf}+ cGoyf eg] Pp6f
k'?if;"u Pp6f dlxnf zf/Ll/s?kdf le8\g
lsg g;Sg] < ca o; lbzfdf klg dlxnf
dfgjclwsf/jfbLx?sf] Wofgfsif{0f x'gk' g]{
68\sf/f] cfjZostf b]lvG5 . h3Go
dlxnf lx+;fsf 36gf ljsl;t d'ns
' eGbf
xfd|fh
] :tf] ljsf;f]Gd'v d'ns
' df Hofbf
x'g] u/]sf 5g\ .
dflg;sf] afXo cfj/0f zflGtk|d] L
k|f0fL eg] klg leqaf6 o'4 jf lx+;f
el/Psf] k|f0fL xf] . zfsfxf/L dflg; !)!% k|ltzt d'l:snn] kfpg ;lsPnf .
df+;fxf/L ef]hg, dlb/fkfg, gUg pR5v[n
;:tf rnlrqx?sf] b'Jo{j;] g, nfu"cf}ifwsf]
;]jg, r]lna]6L a]rlavg, u}/sfg'gL af6f]
u/L a]/f]huf/L / a]sf/L cj:yf, unt
lzIff ;+:sf/ g} ;fdflhs ljrngsf
dfWodx? x'g\ eGbf b'Od
{ t gxf]nf .
lxhf]cfh lzIffnox? a]/f]huf/Lsf]
nfO;]G; lbg] 7]sb] f/Lsf ?kdf v8f ePsf
5g\ . u/Lj afa'cfdfnfO{ l/TofP/, C0fsf]
ef/L af]sfP/ k};f n'65
\ g\ / lzIffsf]
gfddf sfuhL vf]i6fsf] k|df0fkq
le8fp"5g\ h'g 6f]Sg' g af]Sg'sf] cj:yfsf]
tYo 3fdhlQs} 5n{Ë 5 . t;y{
a]/f]huf/LnfO{ hlt ;Sof] sd u/L ;Lk /
/f]huf/Ldf hf]8 lbg'kb{5 . …vfnL lbdfu
z}tfgsf 3/ eGg] lxGbL pvfg h:t}
dflg; /ge'Nndf kl//x]5 . o:tf]
cj:yfsf] lz3|fltzL3| cGTo x'gk' b{5 .

r}q ! ut] /fi6«kltåf/f …afwf c8\sfp
km'sfpÚsf gfddf hf/L ul/Psf]Ú @%
a'Fb] cfb]zÚ cljnDj vf/]h ul/g'
kb{5 . $= /fhgLlts ;+s6 ;dfwfgsf
nflu cfGbf]ng/t bnx¿ ;lxtsf]
;j{kIfLo uf]nd]r ;Dd]ngsf] cfof]hgf
ul/g' kb{5 . %= of] lgb{nLo ;/sf/
lj36g u/L, ;xdltsf cfwf/df /fli6«o
;+oS' t ;/sf/sf] u7g ul/g' kb{5 .
^= c;Dj}wflgs zlSt s]Gb|sf ¿kdf
cl3 ;fl/Psf] $ bnLo l;08Ls]6
cljnDj vf/]h ul/g' kb{5 . &= xfd|f]
kf6L{sf s]lGb|o ;b:o s= dflxnf nfdfsf
a'jf rGb|axfb'/ nfdfsf] oxL c;f/ !$
ut] ePsf] c;fdlos lgwg k|lt of]
a}7s uDeL/ b'v JoSt ub{5 / lbj+ut
x'g ePsf j'jfk|lt efjk"0f{ >bf{~hnL
JoSt ub{5 . *= xfd|f] b]zsf kx'r
F
gePsf / lgd'vf g]kfnL hgtfnfO{
gful/stf pknJw u/fpg ;xh lgod
agfpg / ;Rrf g]kfnL gful/sx¿
gful/stfaf6 jl~rt x'g' gkg]{ l:ylt
l;h{gf ug{ xfdL of] ;/sf/;+u hf]8bf/
dfu ub{5f}+ . (= ljb]zLx¿nfO{ g]kfnL
gful/stf lbg] p2]Zos} nflu NofOPsf]
…gful/stf cWofb]zÚ /fi6«3ftL 5 /
o;nfO{ t'?Gt vf/]h ul/g' kb{5 / o;
cWofb]zsf cfwf/df ljb]zLnfO{ ljt/0f
ul/Psf ;a} g]kfnL gful/stf /2 ul/g'
kb{5 . !)= oxL Ho]i7 !* ut] g]kfn /
ef/tsf u[x ;lrj:t/df ePsf a}7sdf
g]kfn k|x/L h:tf] ;Dj]bgzLn ;'/Iff
lgsfosf] …k|lti7fgÚ lgdf{0f nufotsf
;Dk"0f{sfd ef/tn] ug{ eGg] h'g ;Demf}tf
ePsf] 5, Tof] g]kfnsf] /fli6«o xLt
ljkl/t ePsf] x'gfn] To;nfO{ vf/]h
ul/g' kb{5 . ;f]xL a}7sn] u/]sf]
cGt/f{li6« ljef :ynsf] cWofudg
ljefu, n'lDjgL / kz'kltgu/sf] g]kfn
ef/t ;Ldfdf yk cWofudg r]skf]i6
/fVg] lg0f{o vf/]h ul/g' kb{5 . !!=
b]ze} /L hgo'4sfnLg d'2fx¿ Ao'tF fpg]
h'g sfd ePsf] 5, Tof] zflGt
;Demf}tfsf] 7f8f] pNn+3g xf] . of] sfd
cljnDj aGb ul/g' kb{5 . cGoyf
o;kl5 pTkGg x'g] b':kl/0ffdsf nflu

;/sf/ lhDd]jf/ x'g' kg]{ 5 . !@= zflGt
sfndf klg zflGtk"0f{ ;+3if{sf bf}/fgdf
k|zf;gn] em'7f d'2f nufpg] sfd u/]sf]
5 . tL d'2fx¿ t'?Gt vf/]h ul/g'
kb{5 . !#= sfnfahf/L / ;/sf/L
sd{rf/Lsf] ldn]dtf]df s[lqd cefj
l;h{gf u/fP/ pkef]tfnfO{ cTofjZos
;fdfGo pknJw gx'g] l:yltsf] l;h{gf
ePsf] 5 . pkef]Uo ;fdfg plrt
d"Nodf ;xh ¿kdf pknJw u/fpg]
Joj:yf t'?Gt ul/g' kb{5 . !$= b]zdf
e|i6frf/ r/d cj:yfdf k'us
] f] /
e|i6frf/Lx¿nfO{ pGd'StL lbg] sfd
eO/x]sf] 5 . ;/sf/sf] of] /j}ofsf] of]
a} 7 s 3f] / eT;{ g f ub{ 5 /
e|i6frf/Lx¿nfO{ cljnDj sf/jfxL ug{
dfu ub{5 . !%= /f}tx6 lhNnfsf]
lkkl/of uf=lj=;= sf] leg 8fa/ ufpFdf
slyt dflyNnf] hfltsf dflg;x¿åf/f
blntx¿ dfly ePsf] cfqmd0f /
n'6kf6sf] of] a}7s 3f]/ eT;{gf ub{5 .
o; k|sf/sf 36gf eljiodf g36'g
eGgsf nflu unt tTjx¿nfO{ ;r]t
u/fpg rfxG5 . !^= ef/tsf]
5QL;u9, emf/v08 nufotsf
/fHox¿df ToxfFsf] s]Gb| / /fHo
;/sf/n] ck/]zg …lu|gx06Ú sf ;fy}
cw{;}lgs ansf] k|of]u u/L tL
If]qx¿df h'g bdg, xTof / cft+s
dRrfpg] sfd u/]sf] 5, To;sf] of]
a}7s s8f lj/f]w ub{5 . o;sf ;fy}
tL cw{;l} gs anx¿nfO{ rfF8f] eGbf
rfF8f] tL If]qx¿af6 lkmtf{ ug{klg ef/t
;/sf/;Fu hf]8bf/ dfu ub{6 . !&=
s]xL ;do b]lv 6sL{df ToxfFsf] cd]l/sL
;fd|fHojfbsf] s7k'tnL / lg/+sz
'
;/sf/sf lj?4 hgtGq k|flKtsf nflu
ToxfFsf hgtfn] ul//x]sf] cfGbf]ngsf]
of] a}7s ;dy{g ub{5 / cfGbf]ngsf/L
hgtf dfly eO/x]sf] bdg cljnDj
aGb ug{] dfu ub{5 . !*= g]kfnL e"ldsf]
b'¿kof]u u/L …lk|m ltAatÚ ultljlwx¿
lg/Gt/ al9/x]sf 5g\ . ctM To;nfO{
s8fOsf ;fy lgoGq0f ul/g' kb{5 .
…g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf] s]lGb|o ;ldltsf]
k"0f{a7} s @)&) c;f/ !* df kfl/tÚ

/fatOfc t]u )# /f;c nf; )&)@

e"
n ===
rfx]sf] ;+ljwfgaf/] dfcf]jfbL;Fu
;xdlt u/]gg eg] pgLx¿n] g]kfndf
Pp6f ljb|f]xsf] ;fdgf ug{' kg]{5 .Ú
;Dk"0f{ dflg;x¿, dlxnf, hghflt,
d'l:nd blnt ;a} lab|fx] sf] tof/Ldf
/x]sf] pgsf] bfjL lyof] .
;lrj ljKnjn] dfcf]jfbLnfO{
bdg ug{ vf]h] csf]{ hgo'4 ug]{
r] t fjgL
lbP .
…olb
k|ltlqmofjfbLx¿n] dfcf]jfbLnfO{
bdg ug{ ;f]r] eg], ;+zf]wgjfbLx¿n]
k'/fgf] ;QfnfO{ l6sfO{ /fVg vf]h] eg],
olb g]kfnsf hgtfx¿nfO{ bdg ub}{
csf]{ xTs08f dRrfpF5f}+ eGg] ;f]r]
eg] d s] r'gf}tL lbg rfxG5'Ú eGb}
pgn] eg]– …g]kfnL hgtf km]l/
hf/fsh'?s p7\g] 5g\ . !) jif{sf]
hgo'4df hgtf h;/L p7]sf lyP,
To;/L g} p7\g] 5g\ / h;n] hgtfnfO{
bdg ug] { ;kgf b] v ] s f 5g\ ,
tLgLx¿sf] cGTo x'g]5 .Ú ljKnjn]
oyfl:yltdf s'g} xfntdf d+l;/ $
sf] r'gfj x'g glbg] lhls/ u/] .
sfo{qmddf ljleGg bnsf em08} %
bh{g g]tf sfo{stf{ g]skf–dfcf]jfbL
k|j]z u/]sf 5g\ .

e| i 6frf/df====
Gofokflnsf ;dfg %!÷%! / Jofkf/–
lghL If]qnfO{ #) k|ltztn] e|i6
eg]sf 5g\ . o;}u/L ;}lgs @&,
z}lIfs If]q @!, u}/–;/sf/L ;+:yf
@), lrlsT;f tyf :jf:Yo ;]jf !&
/ wfld{s ;+3;+:yfnfO{ e|i6 eGg]
pQ/bftf !^ k|ltzt 5g\ . Unf]an
s/K;g Jof/f]ld6/df ;~rf/dfWod
!$ k|ltzt e|i6 b]lvPsf 5g\ .
h'gcl3nf] ;j]{If0fsf] t'ngfdf rf/
k|ltzt a9L xf] . @)!! df ul/Psf]
;j] { I f0fsf] t' n gfdf ;a} If] q df
e| i 6frf/ a9] s f] b] l vPsf] 5 .
/fhgLlts bnx¿ / :yfoL ;/sf/
elgg] lghfdtL sd{rf/Lx¿ ;a}eGbf
a9L e|i6 x'Fbf b]zsf] ;Dk"0f{ k|0ffnL
Wj:t x'g] 6«fG;k/]G;L g]kfnsf cWoIf
s];Ln] atfP . ;j]I{ f0fdf ;xefuLdWo]
;a}eGbf a9L cyf{t $) k|ltztn]
e"ld;DaGwL ;]jfsf nflu 3"; lbPsf]
atfPsf 5g\ . To:t} Gofo ;]jfdf
#&, k|x/Ldf #), btf{ / cg'dltsf
nflu @^ tyf s/ ltbf{ * k|ltzt
3"; lbPsf] hjfkm lbPsf 5g\ .
6«fG;k/]G;L OG6/g];gn] g]kfn;lxt
ljZjsf !)& j6f b]zdf ljleGg !#
j6f k|Zgdf cWoog u/]sf] lyof] .
tkfO{ + s f] ;Dks{ d f cfPsf
JolStnfO{ s'g} k|sf/sf 3'; lbg'k/]sf]
5 < egL ;f]lwPsf] k|Zgdf ;a}eGbf
a9L e"ld;DaGwL ;]jfdf 3'; lbPsf]
k|ltj]bgn] hgfPsf] 5 . $) k|ltztn]
e"ld;DjGwL ;]jf lngsf nflu 3';
lbg' k /] s f] atfPsf x' g \ . Gofo
k|0ffnLdf #&, k|x/Ldf #), btf{ /
cg'dlt ;]jfdf @^, s/df *, pkef]Uo
;]jfdf ^ / lrlsT;f tyf :jf:Yo
;]jfdf # / z}lIfs k|0ffnLdf #
k|ltztn] 3'; lbg'k/]sf] hjfkm lbPsf
lyP .– ljhonfn >]i7

k|g]kxfndf
/L===
k};f k7fpg] u/]sf] ljefusf
cg';Gwfg clws[t b]jC ;fksf]6fn]
hgfsf/L lbP . 3n]n] dfu u/]sf]
/sd lbFbf klg cfk"mnfO{ ljb]z
gk7fPkl5 pgsf] bfOn] k7fPsf] yk
8]9 nfv lbPsf lyPgg . …k};f
glbPsf] l/;df ljefudf laxLaf/
a'emfpg NofPsL lyOg,Ú ;fksf]6fn]
eg],– lt ljb];Ln] k};f lbFbf klg
ljb]z gk7fPsf] xfdLnfO{ ;'gfPkl5
b'jn
} fO{ lgoGq0fdf lnPsf xf} .Ú cfk"mn]
lhDd]jf/L lnPsf] JolStnfO{ k'gM
ljefudf a'emfP/ plDsg vf]Hbf pgL
cfkm} kmGbfdf k/]sL x'g . …cfk"mn]
lnPsf] k};f krfpg] / lhDdf lnPsf]
JolSt a'emfpg] 3n]sf] lgot b]lvG5,Ú
;fksf]6fn] eg], …t/, pgL cfkm}
kmGbfdf kl/g .Ú ljefunfO{ ;'?df
df]xdb wg'iffs} xf] eg]/ aofg lbPsf
lyP .
;fpbLdf k|jz
] ug{ glbP/ …OlG6«
l/k"mhÚ eGb} ;fpbL ljdfg:ynaf6
kmsf{ P kl5 cg' ; Gwfgsf nflu
ljefudf /fv]sf] lyof] . ljefun] klg
pgsf] s] uNtL xf] kQf nufpg

;s]sf] lyPg . lxGbL af]Ng] pgn] cfk"m
wg'iffs} ePsf] bfaL u/]sf lyP . t/,
g]kfnL gful/stf k]z ug{ / g]kfnL
efiff af]Ng g;s]kl5 ljefun] w/f}6L
lnP/ tf/]vdf 5f8]sf] ;fksf]6fn]
atfP . …d'4f 6'ËofP/ Ps} k6s
5f8bf z+sf:kb b]lvPsf]n] tf/]vdf
5f8]sf] lyof],Ú pgn] eg], …clxn]
cfP/ dfq} ljb]zL ePsf] v'ns
] f] xf] .Ú
df]xdbn] k|of]u kf;kf]6{sf] kmf]6f]
kl/jt{g s;n] u/fof] eGg] v'Ng
;s]sf] 5}g . ;fpbLaf6 g]kfn kmsf{P
klg pgL slxn] uPsf] xf] <
/]s8{;d]t gePsf] ljefun] hgfPsf]
5 . …g]kfnsf] ljdfg:yn x'Fb} uPsf]
s'g} /]8s{ 5}g, …kf}8]nn] eg],Ú ef/t
xF'b} uPsf] x'g ;S5 . 3n] lqe'jg
ljdfg:yn ;' / Iff uf8{ sfo{ d f
sfo{/t l5g . 3n]n] cfk"m;+u k};f
lnPsf] eGb} df]xdbn] ljefudf aofg
lbPsf 5g\ . ljefun] xjNbf/
3n];+u lnPsf] aofgdf k6s k6s
u/L $ nfv dfq} lnPsf] :jLsf/]sf
5g\ . b'j} hgfnfO{ cfjZos 5fgljg
u/L 7uL d'4fdf sf/afxLsf nflu
dxfgu/Lo k|x/L kl/;/ sf7df8fF}df
k7fPsf] ljefun] hgfPsf] 5 . k|x/L
k|jQmf gj/fh l;njfnn] 3n]n] 7lu
u/]sf] k|dfl0ft ePdf :jtM lgnDag
x'g] atfP .

d+ l ;/===
dfcf]jfbL lsg k|j]z ug]{ < j?
cfkmgf] tfstn] EofP;Dd To;nfO{
Wj+; ug'{ g} p;sf] st{Jo x'bg} / <
To;}n] dfcf]fjfbLsf] ljZjfz s] xf]
eg] olb of] k'/fgf] /fhg}lts sf]if{sf]
lg/Gt/tf xf] eg] To;df dfcf]jfbLnfO{
;xefuL u/fO{g]5 . To;sf] nflu
Go'gtd ;t{ d+;L/ $ sf] r'gfj :yuLt
ug'k{ g{5
] / ;j} /fhg}lts zlQmx¿
k'/fgf] ;+ljwfg;ef c;kmntfsf]
;ldIff ug{ tof/ x'g' 5
] g . tfls km]/L
r'gfj klg xf]; / hgtfsf] ;+ljwfg
lbg] ;'lglZrttf klg xf]; . xf]Og{ of]
gofF /fhg}lts sf]if{sf] r'gfj xf] /
;+;bLo /fhg}lts kf6L{ / g]tfx¿sf]
c;kmntf / c;+ I fdtfsf]
kl/0ffd:j¿k x'g nfu]sf] ljlzi6 /
ljif] z k| s f/sf] r' g fj xf] eg]
dfcf]jfbLnfO{ k'/fg} cfTd;dk{0fjfbL
nfO{gdf nLg] k|of; ul/g]5 / o;sf]
lglDt kmsfpg] gLlt clVtof/ ul/g]5
t/ kf]v/f j}7sn] cfTd;dk{0f xf]Og
;+3if{ ug]{ gLlt kf; ul/;s]sf]n]
dfcf]jfbLnfO{ r'gfjsf] cfj/0fdf
/fHo zlQmsf] k|of]u u/]/ bdg
ul/g]5 / of] bdgsf] k|ltjfb clgjfo{
x'g]5 . o;/L r'gfjsf] cfj/0fdf
g]kfndf gofF o'4sf] z'?jft x'g]5 .
To;}n] @ j6} sf]if{jf6 x]bf{ d+;L/ $
df r'gfj x'bg} / oL @ j6} ljsNkdf
v'nf /xg] dfcf]jfbL kf]v/f j}7sn]
to u/]sf] /0fgLlt xf] .
g]skf–dfcf]jfbL kf6L{n] r'gfjsf]
jlx:sf/ lsg ub}{5 < dfyL ul/Psf]
ljZn] i f0fjf6 :ki6 x' G 5 . ;fy}
jlx:sf/ s]sf nflu eGg] k|Zgsf] pQ/
klg pk/f] Q m ljZn] i f0fdf g}
u};s]sf]5 . t}klg kf6L{n] :ki6 nIo
/ pb]Zo;lxt jlx:sf/sf] gLlt
nLPsf] xf] . jlx:sf/ cfGbf]ngsf]
Go' g td nIo hg;+ l jwfgsf]
;'lglZrttf xf] / clwstd nIo
hgjfbL qmflGt xf] . klxnf], jt{dfg
;/sf/ / ;/sf/ ;dyL{t zlQmx¿
olb jftf{,;+Djfb / ;xdtLsf] dfu{jf6
ljBdfg /fhg}lts ;d:ofsf] ;fdfwfg
rfxfG5g eg] plgx¿ kf6L{sf] of]
gLltsf] sf/0f k'/fgf] ;+ljwfg;ef
c;kmntfsf] ;ldIff u/]/ hgtfsf]
;+ljwfg lbg tof/ x'g5
] g . slDtdf
gofF ;+ljwfgsf cGt{j:t'df k'j{
;xdtL sfod ug]{5g . bf];|f], olb
plgx¿ bdg4f/f dfcf] j fbL
;d:ofnfO{ xn ug]{ jf6f] nLG5g eg]
o;jf6 dfcf]jfbLnfO{ cw'/f] hgjfbL
qmflGtnfO{ k'0f{tf lbg] jf6f] v'Ng]5 .
cjsf] hgjfbL qmflGt /fli6«o d'lQm
o'4sf] dfWodjf6 ;DkGg x'g5
] . cj
oxfF d'Vot ;s[o / ;zQm jlx:sf/
s;/L < eGg] xf] . jlx:sf/
cfGbf]ngnfO{ ;kmn kfg{ / d+;L/ $
sf] r' g fjnfO{ c;kmn jgfpg
dfcf]jfbLn] cfkmgf] ;Dk'0f{ zlQmnfO{

8

ˆ

sf= lh= k|= sf= b= g+= !^#÷@)^#÷^$
;+ul7t ¿kdf kl/rfng ug]{5 .
hgo'4 / klxnf] ;+ljwfg;efsf]
dfcf]jfbLsf] hgcfwf/nfO{ cfhsf]
cfjZoQmfdf qmflGtsf tLg hfb'u/L
xltof/ kf6L{,;]gf / ;+o'Qm df]rf{df
;+ul7t u/]/ kl/rfnLt ul/g]5 .
lgjf{rg If]qnfO{ s]Gb|df /fv]/ zlQm
ljGof; ul/g]5 . kf6L{sf] g]t[TjbfoL
e'ldsf / hgtf tyf dtbftfsf]
e'ldsfnfO{ k|efjsf/L / ;zQm
jgfO{g]5 / o'jfnfO{ eg] ;xof]uL
e'ldsfdf /flvg]5 . t/ qmdz /fHon]
kmf} hsf] ;xf/f nLb} hfbf :jt
o'jfx¿sf] e'ldsf ;zQm / ;z:q
jGb} hfg]5 / o;/L gofF hgd'lQm
;]gfsf] hGd x'g5
] . ;+Dejt ;+;f/df
/ g]kfndf klg gofF kf6L{ jgfpbf
sfo{stf{ / hgtf clg g]tfsf] cefj
x'bf] xf] t/ g]skf–dfcf]jfbLnfO{ o;sf]
cefj 5}g j? sxfF, slt / s;/L
kl/rfnLt ug]{ eGg] ;d:of /x]sf]5 .
;/sf/n] r' g fj 3f] i f0ff ulb{ P /
dfcf]jfbL ;'b9[ x'g] / cw'/f] qmflGtnfO{
cuf8L j9fpg] /fd|f] cj;/ ldnfO{
lbPsf] 5 . cGt/lj/f]wsf] klxrfg
/ kl/rfng ug]{ 7f]; cfwf/ lbPsf]
5 . klxnf] r/0fdf jlx:sf/ cfGbf]ng
wSsfd'ns 9+un] ;fpg !) ut]jf6
z'? x'g]5 / k|rf/fTds ¿kdf cl3
j9g]5 . hxfF d+;L/ $ sf] r'gfjsf]
cfjZoQmf / cf}lrTo gePsf] :ki6
kfl/g]5 eg] bf];|f] / t];|f] r/0fdf
7f]; nIo / lgzfgfsf] lgwf{/0f u/]/
s[ofTds ;+3if{nfO{ cuf9L j9fO{g5
] .
jlx:sf/ cfGbf]ngsf d'Vo lgzfgf
j}b]lzs bnfn / e|:6 tTj x'g]5g .
clxn]sf] r'gfjsf] bf}8fg ;j}n]
jGb'ssf] k|of]u ug]5
{ g / jGb'ssf]
k|of]u ;fdfGo h:t} x'g]5 .
r'gfj nf]stGqsf] Ps clgjfo{
tTj xf] . To;}n] cfh r'gfjsf] lj/f]w
nf]stGqs} lj/f]w xf] eg]/ elgb}5 .
t/ jf:tjsf r' g fj lg/k] I f
nf]stfGqLs ljlw xf]Og{ / x'g ;Sb}g .
Tof] ;do,;Qf,zfifs / ju{ ;fk]If
x' G 5 . dfcf] j fbLsf] ljZn] i f0fdf
nf]stGq / /fli6«otf cGt/;+DjlGwt
5g t/ cfh g]kfndf nf]stGq
eGbfklg /fli6« o :jflwgtf /
;fj{ef}dLstfsf] ;d:of hl6n jGb}
uPsf] 5 . To;}n] d+;L/ $ df x'g]
;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfjn] g]kfnnfO{
l;lSslds/0f ug]{ vQ/f 5 . vf;df
Tof] ;+ljwfg;ef geP/ n]G8'kx] ¿sf]
k|ltlglwTj ePsf] bnfn;ef x'g]
;+Defjgf klg 5 . ;fy} ;+ljwf;efsf]
k|utLzLn rl/q klg u'dL;s]sf] 5 .
lsgls tTsfnLg hgo' 4 /
hgcfGbf]ngjf6 k}bf ePsf] zlQm
;Gt'ngdf w]/} x]/km]/ cfPsf] 5 .
To;} n ] d+ ; L/ $ sf] r' g fjn]
l;lSslds/0f / k| l tqmflGtsf]
k|so[ fnfO{ k'0f{tf lbg] ePsf]n] To;sf]
lj/f]w / c;kmntfdf g} b]z, hgtf
/ qmflGtsf] lxt cGt{lglxt x'g] x'gfn]
To;nfO{ cfkmgf] ;Dk'0f{ zlQm nufP/
c;kmn kfg]{ dfcfjfbL /0fgLlt
/x]sf]df cj s'g} z+sf 5}g . t/
dfcf]jfbLsf] of] /0fgLltnfO{ sdhf]/
kfg{ cfh /fli6«o cfTd;dk{0fjfbL4f/f
;Dk'0f{ tl/sf ckgfO{Psf] 5 /
plgx¿n] cfkmgf] /fhg} l ts
lbjfnLofkg ;+3if{sf] c/fhg}lts
tl/sf ckgfP/ lbPsf 5g . h;n]
dfcf]jfbL /0fgLltnfO{ cem ;jn
jgfpg ;xof]u ug]5
{ .
-n]vs g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf s]lGb|o
;b:o x'g\ ._

GofofwLz===
5kfPsf] cf/f]k v]Kb} cfPsf] lyof] .
cbfnt / 6«8] o'lgogaLr gLltut
dfq xf]Og, sfof{no vf]Ng s'g sf]7fdf
k|of]u ug{b]lv lnP/ rd]gfu[xdf
u' 0 f:t/Lo vfhf pknJw
u/fpg];Ddsf ;xdlt ePsf 5g\ .
of] ;Demf}tfkl5 ca Gofokflnsfn]
x/] s gLltut lg0f{ o ubf{ 6« ] 8
o'lgogsf k|ltlglwnfO{ clgjfo{
;xefuL u/fpg'kg]{ afWofTds cj:yf
l;h{gf ePsf] 5 . o:tf] ;Demf}tf
GofofwLzsf] lhNnf e|d0fb]lv lnP/
ljb]z e|d0f / ToxfF x'g] uf]i7L /
;]ldgf/;Dddf nfu" x'g5
] g\ . ;jf]R{ r
k|zf;gn] cbfnt kl/;/df /x]sf
yf]qf ;fdu|L Joj:yfkgb]lv x/]s

sf]7fdf 6]lnkmf]g ;]6 / ;Dej
eP;Dd Nofk6ksf] Joj:yf
ug{;Ddsf ;Demf}tfdf x:tfIf/ u/]sf
5g\ . ;Demf}tfkl5 ca ;jf]{Rrn]
dftxtsf cbfntnfO{ :jR5 lkpg]
kfgLsf] aGbf]a:tL ldnfpg' eg]/ ;d]t
kl/kq ug'{kg]{ ePsf] 5 . lsgls
;Demf}tfsf] a'bF f @* df dftxtsf
cbfntnfO{ :jR5 kfgLsf] Joj:yfkg
ug{ kl/kq g} ug{ pNn]v 5 .

km]l/===
g;lsP;Dd ;]gf tyf dfcf]jfbLn]
xltof/ vl/b gug{ ;xdlt ePkl5
ef/tn] lbFb} cfPsf] ;}lgs ;xof]u
cfpg ;s]sf] lyPg . t/, hg;]gf
;dfof]hg k|lqmof ;lsg] ljlQs} ;]gf
;dfof]hg ljz]if ;ldltn] g]kfnL
;]gfnfO{ rflxg] ;}Go ;fdfu|L lng ;Sg]
eGb} ;]gfnfO{ xltof/ vl/b ug]{ af6f]
vf]ns
] f] 5 . ljz]if ;ldltsf] lg0f{o;+u}
dlGqkl/ifbsf] a}7sn] klg g]kfnL
;]gfnfO{ rflxg] cfjZos xltof/,
uf]nf af?4 / lj:kmf]6s kbfy{ vl/b
ug{ :jLs[ t L lbO;s] s f] 5 .
;| f ] t sfcg' ; f/ ;/sf/ / ljz] i f
;ldltn] ;]gfnfO{ cfjZos xltof/
tyf aGbf] j :tL;lxt vl/b ug{
:jLs[lt lbPkl5 ;]gfn] ;/sf/dfkmt\{
jf?b, @$ xhf/ ! ;o ^^ uf]nL,
*! / %! PdPd df]:6f/sf ;fy}
8]6f]g6] /, ;'/Iff kmo'h / ;}Go xf8{jo] /
vl/b ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof] .
o;cl3, g]kfn / ef/tjLr
a}Ënf]/df ePsf] ljb]z dGqfnosf]
!) cf+} ;x;lrj :t/Lo a}7sdf
ef/tn] g]kfnnfO{ &) k|ltzt cg'bfg
lbg] / #) k|ltzt g]kfn cfkm}n]
Jo]xf]g{]u/L ;}Go ;xof]u pknJw
u/fpg] ;xdlt ePsf] lyof] . g]kfn
ef/tjLr låkIfLo ;dembf/Lkl5
g]kfn ;/sf/n] ;xof]usf] ;'rL ef/t
;/sf/nfO{ k7fO;s]sf] 5 . ;]gfn]
;/sf/dfkm{t\ k7fPsf] k|:tfjdf ;}Go
lzIff cfbfg k|bfg, ;+oS' t cEof; /
;}Go pks/0f cfk'tL{ ug{ nufot
5 . /IffdGqfnosf k|jQmf åfl/sf
cfrf{on] ef/tn] ;}Go ;xof]u lbg
nfu]sf]af/] cfk"mnfO{ hfgsf/L gePsf]
atfpg'eof] . …tTsfn ;'rf? ug{
nfu] s f] a f/] dnfO{ cflwsfl/s
hfgsf/L 5}g, t/ o;cl3 g} xltof/
vl/b ug{] ljifodf eg] ;xdlt eO;s]sf]
5 .Ú pgn] eg] . ef/t / g]kfnljr
;g\ !(%) df ePsf] zflGt tyf d}qL
;GwLcg';f/ g]kfnn] ef/taf6 xltof/
vl/b ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . d}qL ;GwL cg';f/
g]kfnn] cGo b]zjf6 xltof/ cfk'tL{
ug{ ef/tsf] ;xdlt cfjZos kg]{ p;n]
bfaL ub}{ cfPsf] 5 .

kf6L{s=} ==
slxn] ug],{ gug]{ tkfO+x{ ¿sf] cfGtl/s
dfdnf xf] o;df xfdL s]xL eGbf}gf}+ eg]sf]
atfP . …g]kfnsf] ;+qmd0fsfn l56f] cGTo
xf];,\ zflGt ;'zf;g xf];,\ ljsf; xf];\
eGg] lrlgofF sDo'lg:6 kf6L{n] rfx]sf] 5Ú
pkfWoIf uf}/an] atfP . b'O{ kf6L{sf]
a}7+ sdf clxn] ug{ rf/ g]tfsf] lgb]z
{ gdf
sd{rf/Ln] ug]{ r'gfjn] /fhgLlts lgsf;
glbg] / emg åGå yKg], r'gfj ePklg
g]kfnL hgtfn] ;+ljwfg gkfpFg] / cfˆgf]
kf6L{sf] gLltn] dfq b]zdf lbuf] zflGt
:yfkgf x'g lrgLofF sDo'lg:6 kf6L{
g]tT[ jnfO{ cfk"mx¿n] eg]sf] uf}/an]
atfP . cfˆgf] kf6L{n] r'gfj alxisf/
nufotsf ljifodf lrlgofF sDo'lg:6
kf6L{;uF sf] a}7sn] s'g} k|efj gkfg]{
eGb} pgn] kf6L{n] u/]sf lg0f{o
sfof{Gjogdf cuf8L a9\g] atfP .
kqsf/x¿sf] k|Zgsf] hjfkm lbFb}
uf}/an] cfk"mx¿n] lrgnfO{ dxTj
lbPsf] / ef/tnfO{ glbPsf] geO{ p;n]
-ef/t_ g} grfx]sfn] 5nkmn / ;+jfb
gePsf] atfP . …rLgn] xfdLnfO{
af]nfpF5, xfdL hfG5f}+ / xfdLn] a:of}
eGbf p tof/ x'G5 t/ ef/t xfdL;Fu
5nkmn ug{ tof/ 5}g eg] vf]Hb} hfg]
s'/f ePg, ef/t Ps} xftn] tfnL
ahf];\ eGg] rfxG5 eg] Tof] ;+ej 5}gÚ
uf}/an] eg] . cfˆgf] kf6L{ nfOg nfu]/
ef/tnfO{ e]6g\ ghfg] atfP . xfn}
Ps lbg] g]kfn e|d0f ;s]sf ef/tLo
ljb]zdGqL ;ndfg v'l;{b;Fu cfˆgf]
kf6L{ / g]tfx¿n] e]6g\ ] of]hgf g}
gePsf] eGb} k'jl{ gwf{l/t sfo{qmddf
ePsfn] cfk"mx¿ rLg uPsf] atfP .

Jofkf/ 3f6f ;f9] rf/ va{
sf7df8f}F . rfn' cfly{s jif{sf] !! dlxgfdf d'n'ssf] Jofkf/ 3f6f @$
bzdnj % k|ltztn] a9]/ $ va{ #* ca{ ^& s/f]8 ¿k}ofF k'u]sf] 5 .
cl3Nnf] jif{sf] ;f]xL cjlwdf o:tf] 3f6f !^ bzdnj * k|ltztn] dfq
a9]sf] lyof] . ;dLIff cjlwdf ef/t;Fusf] Jofkf/ 3f6f @& bzdnj $
k|ltztsf] pRr b/n] a9]sf] 5 . cl3Nnf] jif{sf] ;f]xL cjlwdf ef/t;Fusf]
o:tf] 3f6f !# k|ltztn] dfq a9]sf] lyof] . cGo d'n's;Fusf] 3f6f klg
ut jif{sf] t'ngfdf a9]sf] 5 . h]7 dlxgf;Dd g]kfnaf6 s'n j:t' lgof{t
$ k|ltztn] a9]/ ^( ca{ (# s/f]8 ¿k}ofF k'u]sf] 5 eg] s'n j:t' cfoft
@! bzdnj @ k|ltztn] a9]/ % va{ * ca{ ^) s/f]8 ¿k}ofF k'u]sf] 5 .
ut jif{sf] ;f]xL cjlwdf g]kfnn] $ va{ !( ca{ %& s/f]8 ¿k}ofF
a/fa/sf] j:t' cfoft u/]sf] lyof] . ;dLIff cjlwdf ef/ttkm{sf] cfoft
pRr b/n] a9]sf sf/0f s'n j:t' cfoft pRr /xg uPsf] xf] .
s'nj:t' cfoftdWo] ef/ttkm{sf] cfoft @# bzdnj # k|ltztsf]
pRr b/n] a9]sf] 5 . ut jif{sf] ;f]xL cjlwdf ef/ttkm{sf] cfoft !#
bzdnj ^ k|ltztn] dfq a9]sf] lyof] . To:t}, cGo d'ns
' tkm{sf] cfoftdf
eg] ut jif{sf] t'ngfdf sd j[l4 ePsf] 5 . ef/taf6 d'VotofM k]6f« l] nod
kbfy{ oftfoftsf ;fwg tyf kf6{;,\ l;d]G6, rfdn tyf cGo d]lzg/L
tyf kf6{;\ nufotsf j:t'x¿sf] cfoft a9]sf] 5 eg] cGo d'n'saf6
ljz]ifu/L ;~rf/ pks/0fx¿, rfFbL, tof/L kf]zfs, kfOk tyf kfOk
lkml6Ë / /f;folgs dnnufotsf] cfoft a9]sf] 5 .

d/]sf dfG5]sf] eQf vfPkl5====
sf7df8f}F gSsnL ekf{O k]; u/L d/]sf dfG5]sf] eQf vfg] ;Kt/Lsf
kfFr uflj;sf ;lrj tyf k|fljlws ;xfos lgnlDat ePsf 5g\ . d/]sf
ufpFn]sf] gfddf ;fdflhs ;'/Iff sfo{qmdsf] eQf vfO{ clgoldttf ug{
h08f}n, a|Xdk'/, sf]rfavf/L, dfg/fhf / s~rgk'/ uflj;sf ;lrjnfO{
tLg dlxgfsf nflu lgnDag ul/Psf] lhlj; ;Kt/Ln] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 .
pgLx¿dfly blnt / afnaflnsfsf sfo{qmdsf] ah]6df ;d]t clgoldttf
u/]sf] cf/f]k 5 . a|Xdk'/ uflj;sf ;lrj b]jgf/fo0f ;fxn] uflj;sf]
nut /]s8{df dl/;s]sf @@ hgf JolStnfO{ eQf ljt/0f u/]sf] gSsnL
ekf{O agfO{ k]; u/]kl5 pgnfO{ lgnDag ul/Psf] xf] . o;}aLr a|Xdk'/sf
Ho]i7 gful/såo b]jgfy ofbj / 7sgLb]jL ofbjn] uflj; ;lrj ;fxn]
cfk"mx¿nfO{ clxn];Dd eQf glbO{ e'm7f] ekf{O agfO{ k]; ug{] u/]sf] cf/f]k
nufP . a}/af uflj;df ;lrj /x]sf a]nf ;fxn] Ho]i7 gful/s, ckfË tyf
Psn dlxnfnfO{ /sd glbO{ em"7f] ekf{O k]; u/]sf] cf/f]kdf ut jif{ klg
lhlj; ;Kt/Ln] lghnfO{ lgnDag u/]sf] lyof] . o;}u/L, h08f}n uflj;sf
;lrj s[i0fk|;fb bfxfn / k|fljlws ;xfos /fdrl/q 7fs'/n] ut ;fpg
dlxgfeGbf klxn] d/]sf :yfgLo !& hgf JolStnfO{ bf];|f] rf}dfl;s eQf
ljt/0f u/]sf] ekf{O k]; u/]sf lyP .
o:t}, sf]rfavf/L uflj;sf ;lrj tflx/ ldofFn] l5g\gdtf{ uflj;df
;lrj /x]sf a]nf ut df3df blnt / afnaflnsfsf nflu lgsf;f nu]sf]
?= rf/ nfv rf/ xhf/ ¿k}ofF xfn;Dd ljt/0f gu/]sfn] lghnfO{ lgnDag
ul/Psf] lhlj;n] hgfPsf] 5 .
o;}u/L, dfg/fhf / a;ank'/ uflj;sf ;lrj OGb'nfn rf}w/L klg
dfg/fhfsf blnt afnaflnsfsf nflu lgsf;f lnPsf] ?= tLg nfv cf7
xhf/ ¿k}ofF ljt/0f gu/L clgoldttf u/]sf] cf/f]kdf lgnDagdf k/]sf
5g\ . o:t}, s~rgk'/ uflj;sf ;lrj k|d] k'/L klg lkk|f k"ju{ flj;df
;lrj /x]sf] a]nf blnt afnaflnsfsf nflu lgsf;f nu]sf] ?= rf/ nfv
#* xhf/ ¿k}ofF xfn;Dd ljt/0f gu/L clgoldttf u/]sf] cf/f]kdf
tLgdlxg] lgnDagdf k/]sf 5g\ .

;ts{tf s]Gb|sf] ^ dlxg] cleofg
sf7df8f}F . /fli6«o ;ts{tf s]Gb|n] s]Gb|df k/]sf ph'/L 5 dlxgfleq
km:of}6 ug{] cleofg ;'? u/]sf] 5 . cleofg ;~rfngsf af/]df hfgsf/L
lbg s]Gb|åf/f cfof]lht kqsf/;Dd]ngdf s]Gb|sf k|dv
' clws[t dfwjk|;fb
/]UdLn] ;f] hfgsf/L lbFb} eg], …ca s]Gb|df k/]sf ph'/LnfO{ km:of}6 ug{ 5
dlxgfeGbf k/ hfFb}g, o;sf nflu s]Gb|n] cfGtl/s tof/L k"/f u/]sf] 5 .Ú
k|wfgdGqL tyf dlGqkl/ifb\sf] sfof{nocGtu{t /xg] u/L @)%( ;fpg @&
ut] :yflkt ;f] s]Gb|n] g]kfn ;/sf/sf e|i6frf/hGo sfo{ lgoGq0fsf
nflu k|a4{gfTds tyf lg/f]wfTds sfo{ ub{5 .
s]Gb|sf sfd sf/afxLnfO{ cem r':t, k|efjsf/L agfpg s]Gb|n] ut
kmfu'gb]lv sfo{:kfbgdf cfwfl/t k|fT] ;fxg k|0ffnL nfu" u/L 5 dlxgfleqdf
s]Gb|df k/]sf ph'/LnfO{ km:of}}6 ug{;Sg] ePsf] xf] . lj=;+ @)^( sf]
j}zfvb]lv oxL c;f/ d;fGt;Dd s]Gb|df Ps xhf/ (( ph'/L btf{ ePsf
lyP . tLdWo] clwsfz+ ph'/L km:of{6} eO;s]sf] kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf hfgsf/L
lbOof] . ;a} lhNnfdf s]Gb|sf] sfof{no :yfkgf gx'bF f, sfg'gL clws[t tyf
k|fljlws hgzlSt cefjn] ubf{ s]Gb|n] cfˆgf] sfo{nfO{ k|efjsf/L¿kdf
;~rfng ug]{ ;d:of kl//x]sf] hgfPsf] 5 . xfn;Dd %% lhNnfdf s]Gb|sf]
zfvf sfof{no :yfkgf ePsf] / cufdL cfly{s jif{df yk !@ lhNnfsf
gofF sfof{no :yfkgf ug]{ nIo /flvPsf] 5 . ;/sf/n] /fli6«o uf}/jsf
cfof]hgf tyf ?= %) s/f]8eGbf dflysf cfof]hgfx¿sf] lgdf{0f sfo{sf]
k|fljlws k/LIf0f ug{] lhDd]jf/L klg s]Gb|nfO{ lbPsf] 5 . s]Gb|nfO{ To:tf
cfof]hgfx¿sf] lgdf{0f sfo{df k/LIf0f ug{;Sg] k|fljlws hgzlSt gx'Fbf
;d:of kl//x]sf] 5 . cufdL lbgdf pgn] cf}iflwsf] u'0f:t/, pRr dfWolds
lzIff kl/ifb\sf sfd sf/afxL, d]l8sn lzIffnufotsf If]qdf s]Gb|n]
ljz]if¿kdf cg'udg ug{nfu]sf] hfgsf/L;d]t lbP . csf{]tkm{ s]Gb|sf
dftxtdf #% hgf dfq k|x/L hgzlSt x'Fbf s]Gb|nfO{ cfˆgf] sfd sf/afxL
r':t agfpg ;d:of kl//x]sf] 5 . :yfkgf ;dodf s]Gb|sf dftxtdf
!)& k|x/L /x]sf lyP .
kqsf/;Dd]ngdf s]Gb|sf k|jQmf s[i0fk|;fb kf}8]nn] s]Gb|n] ljleGg !#
j6f lhNnfdf u/]sf] cWoogdf ;a}eGbf a9L ;Kt/L / ;a}eGbf sd u'NdL
lhNnfdf e|i6frf/ x'g] u/]sf] hfgsf/L lbP . b"/;~rf/ k|flws/0fsf]
ljB'tLo xflh/ 58\s] hfFr ubf{ k|flws/0fn] !# ldg]6 sd ;do lgwf{/0f
ul/Psf] kfOPsf] klg ;f] cj;/df hfgsf/L lbOPsf] lyof] .

k|sfzs tyf ;Dkfbs M /fh]Gb|k|;fb lrdf}l/of, sfof{no M yfkfufpF, sf7df8f}F, df]afOn M (*$!$)#*%!,
E-mail : chhepyastra@gmail.com,website: www.janakhabar.com sDKo'6/ tyf d'bs
| M lwDn] ckm;]6 k|;
] , b]jLgu/, kmf]gM $$^$!%%

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful