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Table of Integrals

BASIC FORMS (1) (2) (3) (4) INTEGRALS WITH ROOTS

! x dx = n + 1 x
n

n +1

(18) (19) (20) (21) (22)

"
! "

x ! adx =

2 ( x ! a )3/2 3

! x dx = ln x
! udv = uv " ! vdu " u( x )v!( x )dx = u( x )v( x ) # " v( x )u !( x )dx

1 dx = 2 x a xa 1 dx = 2 a ! x a! x

"x

x ! adx =

2 2 a( x ! a )3/2 + ( x ! a )5/2 3 5

RATIONAL FUNCTIONS (5) (6)

! ax + b dx = a ln(ax + b)
! ( x + a)
1
2

" 2b 2 x % b + ax ax + bdx = $ + # 3a 3 ' &


3/2

dx =

"1 x+a
n

(23)

! (ax + b)
!

" 2b 2 4 bx 2 ax 2 % dx = b + ax $ + + 5 ' 5 # 5a &

(7)

x % " a + , n ! "1 ! ( x + a) dx = ( x + a) $ # 1+n 1 + n ' &


n

(24)

2 x dx = ( x 2 a ) x a 3 xa

(8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14)

( x + a )1+ n (nx + x " a ) ! x( x + a) dx = (n + 2)(n + 1)


n

(25)

"

# x a! x& x dx = ! x a ! x ! a tan !1 % ( a! x $ x!a '

dx "1 ! 1 + x 2 = tan x 1 "1 dx ! a 2 + x 2 = a tan ( x / a)

(26)

!
!x
!

x % dx = x x + a " a ln # $ x + x+a& x+a


# 4 b 2 2bx 2 x 2 & ax + bdx = % " + + b + ax 5 ( $ 15 a 2 15 a '
" b x x 3/2 % b + ax x ax + bdx = $ + 2 ' # 4a & b 2 ln 2 a x + 2 b + ax 4a
3/2

(27)

!a

1 xdx = ln(a 2 + x 2 ) + x2 2
(28)

x 2 dx "1 ! a 2 + x 2 = x " a tan ( x / a) 1 2 1 2 x 3 dx 2 2 ! a 2 + x 2 = 2 x " 2 a ln(a + x )

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! (

!x
(29)

3/2

" (ax

+ bx + c )!1 dx =

# 2 ax + b & tan !1 % $ 4 ac ! b 2 ( ' 4 ac ! b 2


2

# b 2 x bx 3/2 x 5/2 & b + ax ax + bdx = % " + + 2 12 a 3 ( $ 8a ' " b 3 ln 2 a x + 2 b + ax 8a


5/2

(15) (16)

1 1 ! ( x + a)( x + b) dx = b " a [ ln(a + x ) " ln(b + x )] , a ! b

(30)

x 2 a 2 dx =

1 1 x x 2 a 2 a 2 ln x + x 2 a 2 2 2

! ( x + a)

dx =

a + ln(a + x ) a+ x

(31)

"
!x

a 2 ! x 2 dx =

(17)

! ax

ln(ax 2 + bx + c ) x dx = + bx + c 2a !!!!! " # 2 ax + b & tan "1 % $ 4 ac " b 2 ( ' a 4 ac " b b


2

# x a2 ! x2 & 1 1 x a 2 ! x 2 ! a 2 tan !1 % 2 ( 2 2 2 $ x !a '

(32) (33)

1 x 2 a 2 = ( x 2 a 2 )3/2 3

1 x a
2 2

dx = ln x + x 2 a 2

)
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(34)

" ! "
!

1 a !x
2 2

= sin !1

x a

(49)

! x ln(ax + b)dx = 2a x " 4 x " x ln(a


2

1# b2 & + % x 2 " 2 ( ln(ax + b ) a ' 2$

(35)

x x2 a2 x a2 ! x2
x
2 2 2

= x 2 a2 dx = ! a 2 ! x 2

(50)

1 1# a2 & ! b 2 x 2 )dx = ! x 2 + % x 2 ! 2 ( ln(a 2 ! bx 2 ) b ' 2 2$

(36)

EXPONENTIALS

(37)

x a

dx =

1 1 x x 2 a 2 ! ln x + x 2 a 2 2 2

(51)

!e
!

ax

dx =

1 ax e a
1 i " xeax + 3/2 erf i ax 2a a

(38)

"
!

# x a2 ! x2 & 1 1 dx = ! x a ! x 2 ! a 2 tan !1 % 2 ( 2 2 2 a2 ! x2 $ x !a ' x2


" b x% ax 2 + bx + c ax 2 + bx + c ! dx = $ + # 4a 2 ' &

(52)

xeax dx = 2 !

where

erf ( x ) =
(53) (54) (55) (56) (57) (58)
x

x 0

e" t dt
2

(39)

4 ac ( b 2 " 2 ax + b % !!!!!!!!!!!!!! + ln $ + 2 ax 2 + bc + c ' # & 8 a 3/2 a

! xe dx = ( x " 1)e

!x
(40)

ax 2 + bx + c ! dx =

! xe

ax

#x 1& dx = % " 2 ( eax $a a '


x 2

# x 3 bx 8 ac " 3b 2 & + ax 2 + bx + c !!!!!!!!!!!!!!! % + 24 a 2 ( $ 3 12 a ' !!!!!!!!!!!!!! " b(4 ac " b ) # 2 ax + b & ln % + 2 ax 2 + bc + c ( $ ' 16 a 5/2 a
2

! x e dx = e ( x
2 x

" 2 x + 2)

2 2x 2 & 2 ax ax # x x e dx = e " 2 + 3( ! % a ' $ a a

(41)

!
!

1 " 2 ax + b % dx = ln + 2 ax 2 + bx + c ' a $ a # & ax 2 + bx + c 1

! x e dx = e ( x
3 x x

" 3x 2 + 6 x " 6)

(42)

1 x dx = ax 2 + bx + c a ax 2 + bx + c b # 2 ax + b & !!!!! " 3/2 ln % + 2 ax 2 + bx + c ( 2a a $ '

!x e

n ax

dx = ( "1)

1 #[1 + n, " ax ] where a

! (a, x ) =
(59)

# x

t a "1e" t dt

!e

ax 2

dx = " i

# erf ix a 2 a

LOGARITHMS (43) (44) (45) (46)

! ln xdx = x ln x " x

TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS (60) (61) (62) (63) (64) (65) (66)

1 ln(ax ) 2 dx = ( ln(ax )) 2 x ax + b ln(ax + b ) " x a


2 2 2

! sin xdx = " cos x

! ln(ax + b)dx =
2 2 2

! sin ! sin

xdx =

x 1 " sin 2 x 2 4

2b "1 # ax & " 2x ! ln(a x b )dx = x ln(a x b ) + a tan % $ b( ' 2 a !1 # bx & ! 2x " ln(a ! b x )dx = x ln(a ! b x ) + b tan % $ a( '
2 2 2 2 2 2

3 1 xdx = " cos x + cos 3x 4 12

! cos xdx = sin x

(47)

(48)

# 2 ax + b & 1 4 ac " b 2 tan "1 % a $ 4 ac " b 2 ( ' # b & !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! "2 x + % + x ( ln ax 2 + bx + c $ 2a '

! cos ! cos

xdx = xdx =

x 1 + sin 2 x 2 4 3 1 sin x + sin 3x 4 12 1


2

! ln(ax

+ bx + c )dx =

! sin x cos xdx = " 2 cos

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(67) (68) (69) (70) (71) (72) (73) (74) (75) (76) (77) (78) (79) (80) (81) (82) (83)

! sin

x cos xdx =
2

1 1 sin x " sin 3x 4 12

(89)

!x

cos axdx =

1 1 ! sin x cos xdx = " 4 cos x " 12 cos 3x


2 2 ! sin x cos xdx =

1 n !!!!!!!!!! (ia )1" n $ %("1) # (1 + n, " iax ) " # (1 + n, iax ) & ' 2

x 1 " sin 4 x 8 32

(90) (91) (92) (93) (94)

! x sin xdx = " x cos x + sin x

! tan xdx = " ln cos x


2 ! tan xdx = " x + tan x

! x sin(ax )dx = " a cos ax + a


!x
2

1
2

sin ax

sin xdx = (2 " x 2 )cos x + 2 x sin x

! tan
! sec

1 xdx = ln[cos x ] + sec 2 x 2

3 ! x sin axdx =

2 " a2 x2 2 cos ax + 3 x sin ax a3 a

! sec xdx = ln | sec x + tan x |


2

!x !e !e !e !e

1 n sin xdx = " (i )n $ % # (n + 1, " ix ) " ("1) # (n + 1, " ix ) & ' 2

xdx = tan x

TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS WITH e ax (95) (96) (97) (98)


x

1 1 ! sec xdx = 2 sec x tan x + 2 ln | sec x tan x |


3

sin xdx =

1 x e [ sin x " cos x ] 2 1 ebx [ b sin ax " a cos ax ] b + a2


2

! sec x tan xdx = sec x

bx

sin(ax )dx =

! sec ! sec
! csc

x tan xdx = x tan xdx =

1 2 sec x 2 1 n sec x , n ! 0 n

cos xdx =

1 x e [ sin x + cos x ] 2 1 ebx [ a sin ax + b cos ax ] b2 + a2

bx

cos(ax )dx =

! csc xdx = ln | csc x " cot x |


2

TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS WITH x n AND e ax (99) (100)

xdx = " cot x

! xe ! xe

sin xdx = cos xdx =

! csc ! csc

1 1 xdx = " cot x csc x + ln | csc x " cot x | 2 2 1 x cot xdx = " csc n x , n ! 0 n

1 x e [ cos x " x cos x + x sin x ] 2 1 x e [ x cos x " sin x + x sin x ] 2

! sec x csc xdx = ln tan x

HYPERBOLIC FUNCTIONS (101) (102) (103) (104) (105) (106)

! cosh xdx = sinh x

TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS WITH x n (84) (85) (86) (87)

!e

ax

cosh bxdx =

! x cos xdx = cos x + x sin x


1 1 ! x cos(ax )dx = a 2 cos ax + a x sin ax

eax [ a cosh bx " b sinh bx ] a " b2


2

! sinh xdx = cosh x

!e
!e

ax

sinh bxdx =

!x

cos xdx = 2 x cos x + ( x 2 " 2)sin x

eax [ "b cosh bx + a sinh bx ] a " b2


2

tanh xdx = e x " 2 tan "1 (e x )

!x

cos axdx =

2 a2 x2 " 2 x cos ax + sin ax 2 a a3

(88)

!x

! tanh axdx = a ln cosh ax


! cos ax cosh bxdx =
!!!!!!!!!! 1 [ a sin ax cosh bx + b cos ax sinh bx ] a + b2
2

cos xdx = 1 1+ n $ (i ) % #(1 + n, "ix ) + ( "1)n #(1 + n, ix )& ' 2


(107)

!!!!!!!!! "

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(108)

! cos ax sinh bxdx =


!!!!!!!!!! 1 [b cos ax cosh bx + a sin ax sinh bx ] a + b2
2

(109)

! sin ax cosh bxdx =


!!!!!!!!!! 1 [ " a cos ax cosh bx + b sin ax sinh bx ] a + b2
2

(110)

! sin ax sinh bxdx =


!!!!!!!!!! 1 [b cosh bx sin ax " a cos ax sinh bx ] a + b2
2

(111)

! sinh ax cosh axdx = 4 a [ "2ax + sinh(2ax )]


! sinh ax cosh bxdx =
!!!!!!!!!! 1 [b cosh bx sinh ax " a cosh ax sinh bx ] b2 " a2

(112)

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