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Report of .

~bt :.minne~ota ~tatt .ctCommt~~ion
~ :fIflinne~ota :fIflemorial
State of Minnesota, Executive Department

Whereas, It is appropriate that there be established in
Minnesota a State Memorial in honor of those who have
struggled so courageously to prevent the military aggres-
sion of the Central Powers of Europe and to maintain and
extend freedom among all nations of the earth, and,
Whereas, The people of our commonwealth ought fittingly
to commemorate the great victory of justice and liberty
for which our soldiers and sailors have patriotically striven
and the heroic sacrifice5 which so many of Minnesota's
sons and daughters have unselfishly made in behalf of
Therefore, I, Joseph A. A. Burnquist, Governor of this
State, feeling that the suggestions as to a memorial should
be centralized and properly considered, do hereby request
the persons hereinafter named to receive and collect in-
formation with reference thereto, and after due consideration
and investigation to recommend what, in their opinion, will
be the most fitting manner in which to show to this and
future generations Minnesota's deep apreciation of the brave
services of its citizens who in th'i s grave period have so
gallantly fought for the nation and its most righteous cause.
For the purposes hereinabove set forth the following are
hereby appointed a Memorial Commission:
O. B. McClintock, Minneapolis, Chairman.
A. E. Rice, Willmar.
C. F. McDonald, St. Cloud.
W. H. Hoyt, Duluth.
Theodore H. Beanlien, White Earth.
F. A. Fogg, St. Paul.
L. E. Potter, Springfield.
Clarence H. Johnston, St. Paul.
E. B. Johnson, Minneapolis.
Geo. H. Winter, Winona.
Dr. Christopher Graham, Rochester.
In· testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and
caused the great seal of the state to be hereto affixed this
3rd day of December, 1918.
Attest: Governor of Minnesota.
Secretary· of State.

Minneapolis, Minnesota,
February 24th, 1919.

To His Excellency, J. A. A. Burnquist,

Governor of the State of Minnesota.
Sir: Your Commission appointed to con-
sider and report to you plans and locations
for a State Memorial to be erected in honor
and memory of the Minnesota me.n and wo-
men who served in our Country's Viars, begs
to submit the following report:
The Commission has held three meetings,
January 31st at the State Capitol Building,
February 14th at the State Capitol Building,
and February 22nd at the Athletic Club in
At the first meeting the following Com-
missioners were present:
Dr. Christopher Graham of Rochester,
L. E. Potter, Springfield,
Clarence H. Johnston, St. Paul.
E. B. Johnson, Minneapolis,
O. B. McClintock, Minneapolis.

At this first meeting the Commission
passed a resolution defining its ideas of a
proper Memorial, and decided upon the next
date of meeting, February 14th.
At the meeting held on the 14th inst., the
following Commissioners were present: .
Dr. Christopher Graham of Rochester,
Geo. H. vVinter, Winona,
Theo. H. Beaulieu, White Earth.
F. A. Fogg, St. Paul.
Clarence H. Johnston, St. Paul,
L. E . Potter, Springfield,
W. H. Hoyt, Duluth,
E. B. Johnson, Minneapolis.
O. B. McClintock, Minneapolis.
At this meeting suggestions by letter and
in person were offered by a number of cit-
izens, and a formal-motion passed "That the
proposed Memorial should take the form of
a building with accessories."
At the meeting held February 22nd the
following Commissioners were present:
C. F. MacDonald, St. Cloud,
W. H. Hoyt, Duluth,
Theo. H. Beaulieu, White Earth,
F. A. Fogg, St. Paul,
L. E. Potter, Springfield,
Clarence H. Johnston, St. Paul,
E. B. J ohnso11, Minneapolis,
Geo. H. Winter, Winona,
Dr. Christopher Graham, Rochester,
O. B. McClintock, Minneapolis,

A large number of letters, telegrams and
petitions from all parts of the State were re-
ceived, and several citizens appeared before
the Commission. As you will see by the
original records we are handing you with
this report, a great preponderance of opinion
favored the adoption of the plans eventually
approved by the Commission.

Besides a Memorial on the State Univer-

sity Campus and a Memorial on the State
Capitol grounds, there were also proposed,
Memorial Highways, Memorial Fountains, a
Pyramid and an Americanization House,
also the planting throughout all state park-
ings and waste and vacant lots, the seed of
the poppy.
These were individual propositions, and
no proposition received the support of any
number of citizens except the State U niver-
sity and the Capitol Grounds plans.
At this meeting the following motions
were offered:
Moved by Commissioner MacDonald of St.
"That the Minnesota State Me-
.morial, in whatever shape it may
take, or wherever it may be
placed, shall commemorate the
valor and deeds of those who
served in the Civil War of '61 and
'63, the Spanish War of 1898, as

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well as those who served, and

those who are still serving in the
present \i\f orld \i\f ar."
This motion was carried unani-

Resolution offered by Commi ssioner L. E.

P otter:
"Resolved, That it is the sense
of the Commission that the Me-
morial to the men and women of
the State of Minnesota who par-
ticipated in the various wars in
which the United States of
America has been engaged, should
take the form of a Me"morial
Building to be erected on th e
grounds of the State Capitol , or
on ground in the immediate vi-
cinity thereof, said building to be
purely an expression of the ap-
preciation, on the part of the peo-
ple of Minnesota, of the heroism
displayed and sacrifices made by
sons and daughters and to serve
no other purpose."

Commissioners Potter, Fogg, J oh i1ston

and MacDonald voted for the above motion,
and Commissioners Graham, Johnson: Beau-
lieu, vVinter, Hoyt and McClintock voted
against it. Resolution not adopted.

Moved by Commissioner E. B. Johnson:
"That this Commission recom-
mend to the Governor of the
State, as a proper memorial, the
adoption of the plans submitted
to the Commission by the Alumni
of the State University with the
approval of the Regents of the
Commissioners Hoyt, Beaulieu, Johnson,
Winter, Graham and McClintock voted for
the above motion. Commissioners Potter,
Johnston, MacDonald and Fogg voted
against it. Motion carried.
A letter from Commissioner Rice favoring
the plan adopted, is a part of the record.
Moved by Commissioner Fogg:
"That the Chairman makes a
report to the Governor giving the
result of our deliberations, and
giving the names of the Commis-
sioners voting for and the Com-
missioners voting against the
resolution that has been carried."
Motion was unanimously carried.
While a large number of people appeared
before the Commission and spoke in favor
of the University plan, but one person each
appeared and spoke for any other plan-
Mr. Dolan, of St . Paul, speaking for the

Fountain Memorial plan and Mr. Ames, of
St. Paul, speaking for the Memorial on the
State Capitol grounds.
Among others, Senators Adams and Pal-
mer, and former Senators Elwell and Dwin-
nell appeared before the Commission fa vor-
ing the plan adopted.
Senator Dwinnell-"\lVhat could be more
uplifting than a Memorial pointing to
Heaven, lifting the thought of the student
higher and higher. \IV e want the uplift
among the young men of the State, among
those who are going to be leaders. The peo-
ple of the State should raise the money in
one great voluntary offering to put this
beautiful Memorial on the State University
Grounds where it will be for all time an
inspiration to the youth of the State."
Private Bowman of the 151st F. A.-"I
represent a family of ten native sons of Min-
nesota, none of whom have ever attended
the University, seven of whom are still 'over
there.' On behalf of this family I beg leave
to recommend the State University site for
the Memorial."
Lieutenant Hubachek-"I served in the
French army, before we entered the war,
with the French Flying Corps, and then
with the American Flying Corps. This Me-
morial will represent the men who died in
the service." (Here he presenteO d to the
Commission a petition signed by returned
soldiers, sailors and marines.)
Captain Jenkins-"In looking into this
proposition for a Memorial, and from what
I have heard the boys say in expressing
themselves iri regard to Memorials and
buildings and things of this nature, they
want something which is going to be a live
factor in the lives of men who are to come,
and the general opinion is that it should go
in connection with some of the working in-
stitutions of the country to reach the class
of people that have to be reached in time of
war, and there is no better place than at
the State University."
Geo. H. Winter, of Winona-"My son
took his non-commission work. N ow he
writes home that he wants to -go to college.
Weare working for a Memorial for our sol-
diers. Our University ground is just as
much a state ground as the State Capitol
ground. Maybe our younger blood will
know more about the State University than
they do the State Capitol."
Theo. H . Beaulieu of White Earth-"My
idea is this-let us give them the best.
There is nothing that we can do for our
heroes that will adequately pay them for
sacrifices they made-Minnesota has the
money-I want to go on record in making a
recommendation to Governor Burnquist to
give them the best that can be gotten. The
University is in the State of Minnesota and
belongs to the people of Minnesota."


The Memorial Plans adopted by your

Commission comprehend the creation of a
beautiful Mall upon the Campus of the State
University with a magnificent Memorial Au-
ditorium at the northern end, which will
have a seating capacity of from six to eight
thousand and will have several rooms suit-
able for meetings of veterans. Proper space
and place will be arranged in the Auditorium
Building for relics and documents of the
wars. The names of the men and women of
Minnesota, who have served, will appear on
bronze tablets in the Rotunda of the Audi-
At the southern 'end of the Mall on the
banks of the Mississippi will be erected a
stately Campanile, 225 feet in height, in the
tower of which will be chimes that will carry
the message of those who have made the
great sacrifice.
On this Campanile will appear the names
of every Minnesota man and woman who
has died in the service of our country.
The Commission herewith submits for
your consideration a separate brief summary
of the chief reasons for arriving at its de-
cision, also all of the correspondence, min-
utes of meetings, newspaper clippings, pe-
titions, etc.

we regret that we are una,b le to present
to you in writing all of the earnest and elo-
quent pleas made by many of the citizens
of the state in favor of the plan adopted,
The Commission presents its compliments
to you and wishes to thank you for the op-
portunity you have given it to serve in this
matter of great importance.
Minnesota State Memorial Commission.



In making the recommendations we have, .

it seems desirable that we should also state
what led us to take such action. Hence,
• this brief is submitted.
All Were There were a number of points upon which
Agreed all members of the commission were agreed:

First, that the Memorial should be dedi-

cated to the men of 1861 and 1898 as well as
to the men and women of 1917-18.
Second. It should be of a character to ex-
press the feelings of appreciation of the peo-
ple of the State for the services of those in
whose honor it is erected, and be worthy of
the great State of Minnesota . .
It should have dignity and beauty and be
so imposing that it will impress even the
casual visitor.
Third. It should be located where it will
exert its influence upon the greatest po?sible
number of individuals.

It should take -the form of a building or
buildings in appropriate setting.
Difference of opinion arose upon two
First. Whether the structure to be erect- Points of
ed should serve a purely ornamental and Difference
aesthetic purpose or should, in addition serve
a useful function as well.
Second. Whether it should be located
upon the State University Campus or upon
the State Capitol grounds.
The plans approved by the Commission
were adopted by a vote of six to four. Gov-
ernor Rice, a member of the Commission,
who was unable to be present at any of the
meetings, also expressed himself as favor-
ing the adoption of the plans adopted.
The reasons which led to such decision Reasons for
may be briefly stated: Decision
The plans approved were incomparably
superior to any other offered or of which
the Commission could conceive. No other
idea suggested even approximated our ideals
of what such a Memorial should be.
The University Campus-which is State A Proper
property-furnishes a rare opportunity to se- Setting
cure a proper setting for such a memorial.
We propose to place the Memorial upon
one of the most sightly and strategic loca-
tions in the State of Minnesota-on the main

thorofare between Minneapolis and St. Paul,
a distance of not more than seven miles from
the State Capitol. Along this roadway more
people pass each year than along any similar
thorofare in the State.
The University campus includes one hun-
dred ten acres under State control. The site
is adjacent to the Mississippi River and a
park system through which runs a parkway
connecting the cities of St. Paul and Minne-
apolis. This, in effect, adds several hun-
dred acres more. Such surroundings give
assurance that nothing undesirable can ever
encroach upon or mar the beauty of this
No place could be more fitting for such
a Memorial than the banks of "The Father
of Waters" in full view of the magnificen t
scene which its lofty, wooded, and parked
shores afford.
Comprehen- The simplicity, completeness and gran-
siveness of deur of conception exhibited by the plans
appealed irresistibly to the commission.
An Auditorium lends itself admirably to
use as a Memorial.
There is nothing in the use of such a build-
ing for educational and patriotic purposes
that could mar its sanctity as a Memorial
to those who served in our country's wars.
The plans approved by the commission are
a rare combination of the sentimental : the

,;. ,
a·esthetic and e9ucatiGnal, and, at the same
time differentiate cleanly between these
varying elements. The Memorial Auditor-
ium-without sacrificing the beautiful or the
aesthetic-serves an educational purpose .
The Campanile represents pure sentiment
and aesthetic beauty. The Mall as a whole
will satisfy the most critical artistic taste.
The proposed structure is to be erect ed,
not only in memory of those who have di ed,
but also in honor of the greater number wh o
are still living.
Petitions that came to us from hundreds Approved by
of soldiers and citizens from all parts of the Citizens
state,. and a large number of returned sol-
diers who appeared in person before th e
Commission urged that the memorial tak e
the form as finally recommended by the
We are fully of the opinion that those who
gave their lives for their country, would, if
they were living today, prefer to see their
deeds and services remembered by the sam e
kind of Memorial.

If carried out as proposed, this Memorial, Inspiring

for all time to come, will be a constant in-
spiration to thousands of young men and
women who having attended our State Uni-
versity, go out into the various communities
of the State with the training to make them
useful citizens of our great commonwealth .

Soldiers Captain Williams, a soldier who fought
Approve through the entire war, said: "I am not an
elocutionist, but I tried hard to be a soldier.
I have known of this question for some time,
in fact we talked of it just before I was in
the hospital at Camp Grant, and 6n behalf
of a regiment that fought in every battle the
Americans fought, I ask that the Memorial
be placed at the State University."
Bishop Remington, who served a year in
France, said: "I want to tell you that it was
not so much our government that was put
to the test in this war, as it was our educa-
tional institutions-our distinctive contribu-
tion t o western civilization is our public
school system, at the top of which stands
our State University. Our men fought and
died so well because of what the United
States has contributed to th em throug h our
universlttes. Put your Memorials in the
place where democracy is born and bred-
in the schools and universities."
Practically the unanimous sentiment of
th e people of all parts of the state, as it was
made known to the commission, was favor-
able to the State University site-only one
person appearing to argue in favor of any
other proposition.
Art- The Memorial M all with its Auditorium
and Campanile will for centuries to come, be
Service th e ce nter and heart of the State University,

and will leave its ineffable impress upon gen-
erations yet unborn for better living and
loftier thinking.
To the memory of those who gave "the
last full measure of devotion" there stands
the Campanile in its wonderful lines and set-
This tower is conceded by every member
of the commission to be a masterpiece of
beauty and sentiment. Its chimes will speak
th eir m essage to the hearts of those who
are receiving their training at the University,
and to the thousands more who come here
from all over the land to see this monument
which the grateful people of Minnesota will
erect to,..their soldiers- men and women.
It is our judgment that when these plans
have been carried out they will help to make
Minnesota's University foremost among
such institutions in the country,- and will
assist materially in promoting its influence
in favor of the high standards and ideals for
which our soldiers fought.
These plans, seem to 'the commission, to Worthy of
be comprehensive and worthy of the- great Minnesota
State of Minnesota and its people.
Anything less would be insignificant.
Even this, the best we can conceive, IS
scarcely ad equate.
Other considerations that influenced the
members of the commission, in coming to

their decision , was the fact th a t the Uni-
versity has played a noble part in the great
Why the About nine thousand men and women
University who were or had been students at the Uni-
versity, served in the great war.
The colleges of the country saved the day
at the beginning of the war, and the coun-
try accomplished in three months what
would have taken many more months had it
not been for their trained product.
We hope that there may be no more wars,
but no true American will ever again con-
se nt to being in such a state of unprepared-
ness as the present war found us.
The colleges of the country will be the
organizations to which · the people will look
for trained men to officer its armies should
they be needed again.
To Serve the Then, too, the men coming back from -the
Soldier army are going to form their organizations
of veterans and will want meeting places.
This building will provide such places. It
will also provide for large gatherings of vet-
erans who will meet in reunions-what could
be more fitting than that they should meet
at the place made sacred by its dedication
to their valor.
There will be so much space available in
the great proposed Memorial Auditorium
that as the years pass it will be possible to
install any additional fea tures that may seem
The plans also make it pos'sible to provide
for special memorials to large groups or
organizations of state troops, which of
course, would be kept in harmony with the
general scheme of development.
The State of Minnesota has never had a For the
fitting Memorial for the men of 1861. This Heroes
of '61
proposition is the first that has ever been
made to honor them in anything like a fitting
This feature of the Memorial is one that
we feel should be emphasized .
There should be a separate and distinct
feature added for these men who saved the
nation in those dark days when the fate of
freedom hung in the balance.
Just what this should be we are not pre-
pared to say- but it should be something
that will let these men know that we have
not forgotten them in honoring the younger
heroes of this day.
In addition to these reasons the commis-
sion' was influenced by the great preponder-
ance of public opinion favoring the plans

General View of the Proposed Memorial Mall with Auditorium at Upper
End and Campanile at Lower End, Overlooking the River.
March 1, 1919.
His Excellency Governor J. A. A. Burnquist,
Executive Chambers,
State Capitol,
St. Paul, Minnesota.
~VIy dear Governor Burnquist :

I have been following with considerable

interest various statements and editorials in
the daily press in regard to the proposed
memorial to the soldiers, sailors and marines
who fought in the great war. There seems;
to be some misunderstanding in regard to
the relationship of the University of Minne-
sota to this discussion. I beg the privilege
therefore of making the following official
statements which I sincerely hope may be
given wide pUblicity.
L The biennial estimates of the Board
of Regents, submitted to you on December
1st, 1918, and by you transmitted with your
approval to the Legislature on February 1,
1919, make no reference to the proposed
"Minnesota Memorial Mall." Our total re-
quest for $5,499,000 for the coming biennium
therefore must not be confused in any way
with the memorial proposition.
2. The plan for the "Minnesota Memorial
Mall" to be located upon the University
Campus is not a University proposition. It
was first put forward by the' Board of Di-

· .

rectors of the Alumni Association. The

Board of Regents had nothing whatsoever
to do with ' its .initiation. The Board did
express its approval of the plan and indi-
cated its willingness to have the Alumni go
forward with it.
3. As you know, neither the Board of
Regents nor I , as president, had the slightest
part in the establishment of the Commission
to consider the various proposals for me-
morials. We first learned of it on the day
that the matter was announced in the papers,
giving the names of the members of the
4. Finally, it must be stated with the
greatest possible clearness and emphasis
that from the very first, when ' the Regents
gave their consent and approval to the plan,
it was distinctly understood that funds for
erecting the memorial would be raised by
private subscription and that the Legisla-
ture would not be asked to make an appro-
priation for this purpose. This was the
original understanding and is still the defi-
nite and official proposal of the Alumni.
Any further confusion of this issue there-
fore is unnecessary. Anyone who states
that the University is asking for $5,499,000
plus $1,500,000 for a memorial does an in··
justice both to his own cause and to the

I have confidence to believe that these
statements will make it impossible for mis-
understanding to continue and I trust will
clarify the situation so far as the University
is concerned.
I have intentionally avoided any reference
to the relative merits of the various pro-
posals for the memorial. The decision of
that question rests with the duly constituted
authorities for dealing with such matters.
I have felt that it was my duty as' Presi-
dent of the University to make certain that
the actual facts regarding the position of
the institution were set before the public.
Believe me, sir, with high esteem,
, Very sincerely yours,
(Signed) M. L. BURTON .