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A Series of Planetary Surface Mission Simula9ons in Hawaii

1. Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Hawaii at Mnoa, 2. Department of InformaIon and Computer Sciences, University of Hawaii at Mnoa, 3. Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University,

Telemetry links to HPA and NASA

1 2 3 Brian Shiro , Kim Binsted , and Jean Hunter

The Hawaii Space ExploraIon Analog and SimulaIon (HI-SEAS) program studies team funcIon and performance on long duraIon exploraIon missions. An 11-meter diameter geodesic dome structure enclosing two stories of living and working space serves as a habitat for a crew of six. The energy ecient smart structure is powered by a combinaIon of solar and generator power and is instrumented with numerous sensors that provide real-Ime monitoring and control of the habitats internal environment. The basalIc terrain and sparse vegetaIon of the Mauna Loa, Hawaii site make it a good geologic analog to the Moon or Mars. It is accessible year-round, allowing longer-term isolaIon studies than at other analog locaIons. A HI-SEAS crewmember conduc9ng an EVA (credit: Sian Proctor) The rst HI-SEAS mission, which is underway now, was funded by NASA to simulate the living and working experience of astronauts on a planetary mission while comparing crew-cooked versus pre- prepared food systems in the context of a 4-month analog mission. The NASA Human Research Program has awarded HI- SEAS three years of addiIonal funding to explore themes surrounding crew autonomy during increasingly longer mission duraIons up to 12 months.

Crew Selec9on & Training

The 2013 HI-SEAS crew was selected from a pool of 662 applicants who responded to a public call for applicaIons announced by the University of Hawaii at Mnoa and Cornell University on 20 January 2012. A selecIon commi]ee Applicant Requirements reviewed and evaluated applicants At least Bachelors degree in a STEM based upon academic background, eld At least 3 years of professional professional experience, technical experience skills, and perceived maturity to Demonstrated ability to conduct eld research narrow the pool to 150 highly Normal sense of taste and smell qualied candidates, who were Able to pass a Class II physical exam Tobacco-free further scruInized to arrive at 35 Fluent in verbal and wri]en English semi-nalists. Through interviews and Willingness to eat a wide range of foods Strong interest in human space reference checks, the commi]ee exploraIon Desired age between 25-65 chose 9 nalists in May 2012.

Solar water heater

HyGen hybrid diesel generator Solar PV arrays

Mission Support
A team of more than 30 volunteers from around the world serves as HI-SEAS Mission Support, interacIng with the crew through an imposed 20- minute communicaIons latency to provide Mars- like mission constraints.

Opportunis9c Research
Related studies on power, water, and labor requirements for food preparaIon and cleanup accompany the main HI- SEAS food study, along with a number of opportunisIc research projects related to communicaIons, crew sleep, anImicrobial garments, roboIcs, habitat thermographics, geology, and hydroponics. Project proposals are being solicited for opportunisIc research on Missions 1, 2, and 3 to be completed in 2014-16.
Le^: An9microbial tex9le study (credit: Sian Proctor) Right: Habitat thermographic study (credit: Oleg Abramov)

In June 2012, the nalists met at Cornell University for a 4-day training workshop during which their taste and smell acuity, communicaIon style and ability, and capacity to learn new scienIc and culinary skills were evaluated in person by the study team to determine 6 primary and 3 alternate crewmembers. In January 2013, the crew conducted a 2-week training mission at the Mars Desert Research StaIon in Utah, oering a further opportunity for team bonding. Meanwhile, crewmembers collaborated remotely to help plan all aspects of the 120-day mission, which began on 16 April 2013.

The 2013 HI-SEAS crew (credit: Sian Proctor)

First Tier Support (FTS) is comprised of 19 volunteers located in the U.S., Canada, France, and Malaysia. Most are experienced mission support team members from other Mars analog programs. As the primary interface with the crew for rouIne communicaIons during three daily 4- hour shis periods, FTS acknowledges emails in a Imely fashion (within 30 minutes), reviews EVA plans, reads and les the crews daily reports, and asks follow-up quesIons as needed. FTS will noIfy Second Tier Support (STS) of any logisIcal requirements or other ma]ers ma]es requiring decision-making authority such as resupplies or repairs.

HI-SEAS Program Timeline

ACTIVITY Mission Development Crew 0 Recruitment Crew 0 Training Habitat ConstrucIon Crew 0 In Habitat (4 mo) Habitat Refurbishment Add-on Study Selection Crew 1 Recruitment Crew 1 Training Crew 1 In Habitat (4 mo) Habitat Refurbishment Initial Data Analysis Crew 2 Recruitment Crew 2 Training Crew 2 In Habitat (8 mo) Habitat Refurbishment Initial Data Analysis Crew 3 Recruitment Crew 3 Training Crew 3 In Habitat (12 mo) Habitat Refurbishment Final Data Analysis DisseminaIon of Results FOOD STUDY FUNDING MONTH HRP FUNDING MONTH F11 F12 F13 F14 F15 F16 F17 F18 F19 F20 F21 F22 F23 F24 F25 F26 F27 F28 1 2 3 4 5




9 May-14

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21



22 23 Jun-15 Jul-15

24 25 Aug-15 Sep-15

Nov-15 Dec-15

26 27

28 29 Jan-16

30 31 Mar-16 Feb-16

32 33 May-16 Apr-16

34 35 Jun-16 Jul-16

Second Tier Support (STS) is comprised of 5 principals and collaborators on the HI-SEAS research program who are located in the U.S. and U.K. They are very familiar with all aspects of the study, including research procedures, permitng restricIons, safety procedures, budgets, contracts, and other constraints. As such, STS has considerable decision-making authority regarding the mission and must be consulted for any non-rouIne issues. STS members are on call 24 hours per day, 7 days per week and will acknowledge emails within 2 hours.

More Informa9on
The public can follow crew blogs, news media arIcles, videos, and other updates on the HI-SEAS mission at

NASA HRP Grant NNX11AE53G Henk Rogers, Blue Planet FoundaIon Dr. Bill Wiecking, Hawaii Preparatory Academy Michele Perchonok & Grace Douglas, Adv. Food Technology, JSC Vincent Paul Ponthieux, Envision Design, LLC 2013 HI-SEAS Crew: Dr. Angelo Vermeulen, Dr. Yajaira Sierra-Sastre, Dr. Oleg Abramov, Dr. Sian Proctor, Kate Greene, Simon Engler Jess Cruzan Prof. David Akin, University of Maryland Planetary Power Dr. Joseph D'Angelo U.S. Army Pohakuloa Training Area Pacic InternaIonal Space Center for ExploraIon Systems (PISCES) Marc Seibert & Mike Downs, NASA KSC NSF Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) interns Advanced Clothing Systems Lab, JSC Cupron, Inc. USGS Astrogeology Science Center Dr. Christopher Carr, MIT Dr. George "Bud" Brainard, Thomas Jeerson University Dr. Aubrey Shick, Carnegie Mellon University

Medical Support (MS) consists of an emergency medicine physician, with backup physicians and EMT responders located in Hilo, Hawaii. MS is available on call 24 hours per day, 7 days per week and will respond to emergencies immediately, as well as read and respond to all crew medical reports and queries.

Follow the mission at

Scan this QR code to see a video about the HI-SEAS study!

Engineering Support (ES) is a group of several technical experts who helped design and construct the habitat. They are available to troubleshoot any problems that arise.