Alarcon, Mikko Anthony P BSN406

Case Study: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
I. Clinical Overview

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a progressively painful hand and arm condition caused by a pinched nerve in your wrist. A number of factors can contribute to carpal tunnel syndrome, including the anatomy of your wrist, certain underlying health problems and possibly patterns of hand use. Bound by bones and ligaments, the carpal tunnel is a narrow passageway about as big around as your thumb located on the palm side of your wrist. This tunnel protects a main nerve to your hand and nine tendons that bend your fingers. Compression of the nerve produces the numbness, pain and, eventually, hand weakness that characterize carpal tunnel syndrome. Fortunately, for most people who develop carpal tunnel syndrome, proper treatment usually can relieve the pain and numbness and restore normal use of their wrists and hands.

II. Risk Factors a) Anatomic Factors - a wrist fracture or dislocation that alters the space within the carpal tunnel that can create extraneous pressure on the median nerve. b) Nerve damaging conditions - diabetes can increase risk of nerve damage. c) Inflammatory conditions - rheumatoid can affect tendons in your wrists, exerting pressure on your median nerve. d) Alterations in the balance of body fluids - fluid retention may increase the pressure within the carpal tunnel, irritating the median nerve. e) Workplace factors - extensive computer use. Working with vibrating tools or an assembly line that requires prolonged or repetitive flexing of the wrist may create harmful pressure on the median nerve. III. Clinical Manifestations

Tingling or numbness in your fingers or hand, especially your thumb and index, middle or ring fingers, but not your little finger. This sensation often occurs while holding a steering wheel, phone or newspaper or upon awakening. Many people "shake out" their hands to try to relieve their symptoms. As the disorder progresses, the numb feeling may become constant. b. Pain radiating or extending from your wrist up your arm to your shoulder or down into your palm or fingers, especially after forceful or repetitive use. This usually occurs on the palm side of your forearm. c. A sense of weakness in your hands and a tendency to drop objects.

An instrument records the electrical activity in your muscle at rest and as you contract the muscle. d. X-ray. Electromyogram. monitor neurovascular status of affected extremity: pulses. or increased serum creatinine. V. because these can be affected by carpal tunnel syndrome. sensation. Physical exam. color. two electrodes are taped to your skin. Pressure on the median nerve at the wrist. movement. especially in elderly. b. or warmth. dizziness. Teach patient the cause of condition and ways to alter activity to prevent flexion of wrists. make sure that it fits correctly without constriction. since the median nerve doesn't provide sensation to your little finger. Monitor for adverse effects of NSAID therapy. produced by bending the wrist. swelling. e. Administer NSAIDs and assist with tendon sheath injections as required. A small shock is passed through the median nerve to see if electrical impulses are slowed in the carpal tunnel. Apply ice or cold compress to relieve inflammation and pain. For example. Another clue is the timing of the symptoms. GI distress or bleeding. A thin-needle electrode is inserted into the muscles your doctor wants to study. Teach patient to gentle range-of-motion exercises. Some doctors may recommend an X-ray of the affected wrist to exclude other causes of wrist pain. or waking up during the night. Electromyography measures the tiny electrical discharges produced in muscles. with slight extension of wrist and slight abduction of thumb.IV. The pattern of your signs and symptoms may offer clues to their cause. and functioning. History of symptoms. tapping on the nerve or simply pressing on the nerve. Apply wrist splint so wrist is in neutral position. Your doctor will want to test the feeling in your fingers and the strength of the muscles in your hand. such as arthritis or a fracture. Advise patient of NSAID therapy dosage schedule and potential adverse effects. This test can help determine if muscle damage has occurred. can bring on the symptoms in many people. numbness. Typical times when you might experience symptoms due to carpal tunnel syndrome include while holding a phone or a newspaper. Diagnosis a. After surgery. Nursing management          Monitor level of pain. symptoms in that finger may indicate a problem other than carpal tunnel syndrome. gripping a steering wheel. In a variation of electromyography. paresthesia. Nerve conduction study. refer to a physical therapist as indicated. instruct patient to report GI pain and bleeding. refer to an occupational therapist as indicated. c. .

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