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o t R o t A s r e e l c t i r u H o y S h w .

m r o e e t r f a w g o e i t s p s o o e o t v e n i s Ch o u r o y p l e h

r e l t i H d i d ? r w Ho o powe le i F e t nc e g i e l ris The Intel

Source A

A Nazi elec*on poster from July 1932. The Nazis proclaim We build! and promise to provide work, freedom and bread.

Riverside Secondary School

2010/SA1/ History /3E

Source B

A Nazi propaganda poster drawn in the 1930s

Source D: h=p://

Source C

This Nazi poster of 1932 says: Hitler our last hope.

Source E: h=p://

Source D

An extract from an ar-cle Hitlers Popularity, wri;en by a Jew who lived in Nazi Germany in the 1930s.
Hitler used his strong naBonalisBc convicBons and oratory skills to the fullest. His message was simple: Germany did not lose the war but was stabbed in the back by the Jewish traitors. The Versailles Treaty was the root of all evil. The Jewish Capitalists and the Communists are the mortal enemies of the German people. The Germans are a superior race desBned to rule the World. Hitler was not capable of making mistakes in all ma=ers of life and death, and the desBny of Germany was in his hands. The message was well received. Hitler skillfully and convincingly told the Germans what they wanted to hear, and they voted for him and he was appointed Chancellor.

taken from Hitlers Popularity by Alexander Kimal

Source E

A descrip-on of one of Hitlers rallies in 1931, taken from a book wri;en by Albert Speer, a German architect and Nazi Minister. Here it seemed to me was hope. The perils of communism could be

checked; instead of hopeless unemployment, Germany could move towards economic recovery. He had menBoned the Jewish problem only in passing and his comments did not bother me. It was during these months that my mother saw a Stormtrooper parade. The sight of discipline in a Bme of chaos seems to have won her over.

as quoted in The 20th Century: As It Was Lived by Nigel Kelly

Source F

An extract from an ar-cle on hyperina-on.

HyperinaBon refers to out of control or extremely rapid inaBon, where prices increase very quickly that the concept of money becomes meaningless. Perhaps the most well known example of hyperinaBon occurred in Germany from 1922-1923 where the average price for all goods and services increased 20 Billion Bmes. Prices doubled every 28 hours for 20 months! Some Germans were seen carrying cash in wheelbarrows to buy a loaf of bread.

Source G

German children playing with stacks of money. The German currency had very li;le value in the 1920s.


Source H

German woman using money as fuel in her wood burning stove. During the 1923-1924 hyperina-on in Germany, it took less paper money to generate the needed heat in the stove by burning the money than it did to use it to buy wood to burn.

Source I

Hitlers private army, the Sturm- Abteilung or Stormtroopers, showing o the Nazis organiza-onal eec-veness.

Source J

A prole of Adolf Hitler from a history textbook

Source K

Reports on the organisa-on of the Nazi party from a history textbook

Source L

A comic on Hitlers path to becoming the Chancellor in 1933

Source M

A telegram from an old army general to German President Hindenburg on the appointment of Hitler as Chancellor in 1933

By appoinBng Hitler Chancellor of the Reich, you have handed over our sacred German Fatherland to one of the greatest demagogues of all Bme. I prophesy to you that this evil man will plunge our Reich into the abyss and will inict immeasurable woe on our naBon. Future generaBons will curse you in your grave for this acBon Deni*ons: Demagogue: Someone who uses popular prejudices and desires to win support, rather than through sensible leadership. For example, a Student Council President who promises all students free ice cream to win support is a demagogue. Reich: German government Abyss: Bo;omless pit, hell

Source N The Reichstag re (German: Der Reichstagsbrand) was an act of arson (se`ng re) on the Reichstag building, place of mee-ng of the German Parliament, in Berlin on 27 February 1933. A Berlin re sta-on was called, and by the -me the police and reghters had arrived, most of the building was covered in ames. Inside the building, Marinus van der Lubbe was found. He was a Dutch communist. the Nazis used it as a proof that communists were beginning a plot against the German government. This is an account from an eyewitness (Rudolf Diels the head of the German secret police or Gestapo) Shortly aaer my arrival in the burning Reichstag, the Nazi elite had arrived. On a balcony judng out of the chamber, Hitler and his trusty followers were assembled Hitler turned to the assembled company. Now I saw that his face was purple with agitaBon and with the heat. He shouted uncontrollably, as I had never seen him do before, as if he was going to burst: "There will be no mercy now. Anyone who stands in our way will be cut down. The German people will not tolerate leniency. Every communist ocial will be shot where he is found. Everybody in league with the Communists must be arrested.

Source O

The poster reads, Bolshevism brings war, unemployment and famine. This poster was published by the German Associa-on for conquering Bolshevism in 1918. Note: Bolshevism means communism

Source P

An account of a mee-ng between Hitler and von Papen in a friends house in Cologne (town in Germany), January 1933 On 4 January 1933, Hitler, von Papen, and other German leaders came to my house in Cologne. Hitler, von Papen and I went to my den where we were closeted in a discussion lasBng about two hours. Von Papen told Hitler that it seemed to him the best thing to have the conservaBves and naBonalists who had supported him join with the Nazis to form a government. He proposed that this new government should, if possible, be headed by Hitler as Chancellor.

Source Q

Mein Kampf (English: My Struggle or My Ba3le) is a book by Nazi leader Adolf Hitler published between 1925 and 1926

In Mein Kampf Hitler outlined his poliBcal philosophy. He argued that the German (he wrongly described them as the Aryan race) was superior to all others. Hitler believed that Aryan superiority was being threatened parBcularly by the Jewish race who, he argued, were lazy and had contributed li=le to world civilizaBon. (Hitler ignored the fact that some of his favourite composers and musicians were Jewish). In Mein Kampf Hitler declared that: "The external security of a people in largely determined by the size of its territory." If he won power Hitler promised to occupy Russian land that would provide protecBon andlebensraum (living space) for the German people. This acBon would help to destroy the Jewish/Marxist a=empt to control the world: "The Russian Empire in the East is ripe for collapse; and the end of the Jewish dominaBon of Russia will also be the end of Russia as a state.

Source R

An extract from the 25 Point Programme proposed by Hitlers Nazi party in 1920. This 25 Point Programme was a very important part of the Nazi partys a;empt to a;ract supporters, especially against the Communists. We demand: 1. The unity of all German-speaking peoples. 2. The aboliBon of the Treaty of Versailles. 3. Land and colonies to feed Germanys populaBon. 4. Only Germans can be ciBzens. No Jew can be a German ciBzen. 5. People in Germany who are not ciBzens must obey special laws for foreigners. 6. Only German ciBzens can vote, be employed or hold public oce. 7. CiBzens are enBtled to a job and a decent standard of living. If this cannot be achieved, foreigners (with no rights as ciBzens) should be expelled. 25. Strong central government with unrestricted authority.