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# EMT ASSIGNMENT 1 (VECTORS) Due after 2 weeks. Bold letters represent vectors. 1. If a = (4,0,-1), b = (1,3,4) and c = (-5,-3,-3), a.

Show that a, b and c form a triangle, b. Is it a right-angled triangle? c. What is the area of the triangle? 2. If points P1 and P2 have coordinates (1,2,-3) and (-4,0,5) find a. the distance P1P2, and b. the shortest distance between line P1P2 and another point P3(7,-1,2). 3. If S = 12 ar + 5 a + a at point (2,,/2), and = 2 ar + 0.5 a at point (5,/2,/2), find a. S + T, b. S T, c. S T, d. unit vector perpendicular to S T, and e. the angle between S and T. 4. Division operation is not defined in vector algebra, because it leads to multiple possible solutions and other complications. In the following two examples, we come as near to division as possible with vectors, and demonstrate the multiplicity of solutions possible: a. If A X = c, show that X = (cA/A2) + B, where B is any vector perpendicular to A. b. If A X = C, show that X = (C A)/A2 + kA, where k is any arbitrary scalar. 5. A point has coordinates (3,4,5). Transform the coordinates to spherical coordinate system. 6. A point has coordinates (1,/2,-3). Transform the coordinates to Cartesian coordinate system. 7. If A = (z2 - 1) a - z cos a + 2z2 az, and B = r2 cos ar +2r sin a, find a. A and B at point T(-3,4,1), b. Vector component, in cylindrical coordinate system, of A along B at T. c. Unit vector, in spherical coordinate system, perpendicular to both A and B at T. 8. H = z cos a + e-2 sin(/2) a + 2 az at point (1,/3,0). Find a. H ax, b. H a, c. Vector component of H normal to surface = 1, and d. Scalar component of H tangential to the plane z = 0. 9. If J = r sin cos ar - cos2 sin a + tan(/2) ln r a at point (2,/2,3/2), find vector component of J that is a. parallel to az, b. perpendicular to surface = 3/2, c. tangential to surface r = 2, and d. parallel to the straight line { y = -2, z = 0}.

G.S.MISHRA

EMT ASSIGNMENT 1 (VECTORS) 10. Differentiate position vector r to show that dr = dl in all the three coordinate systems. 11. Find the volume of the region bounded by the x-y plane (i.e., z =0), and the cone z = 4 - x2 - y2. 12. Find gradient of the following functions: a. u = x2y + xyz b. v = z sin + z2 cos2 + 2 c. f = cos sin ln r + r2 13. If f = 12 x2 + yz2, a. Find the maximum rate of change of f with respect to distance at point P(-1,0,1), b. Find the rates of change of f along x, y and z directions, c. What is the rate of change of f in the direction P to Q, where point Q is Q(1,1,1). 14. If D = 2 cos2 a + z sin a, a. find flux of D over the closed surface of the cylinder 0 z 1, = 4, b. verify Divergence Theorem by also evaluating the volume integral of D in the volume of the cylinder. 15. If F = x2y ax - y ay (see diagram), find both Hence, show that Stoke's theorem is satisfied. and .

G.S.MISHRA